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Pine Needle Pyrolysis: Bio-Waste Into Biofuel, Alexandra Fuentes 2017 Dominican University of California

Pine Needle Pyrolysis: Bio-Waste Into Biofuel, Alexandra Fuentes

Scholarly & Creative Works Conference 2017

This project explores the alternate uses of biomass. In particular, it focuses on pine needles as a source for biofuels. Pine needles are of interest because in certain Mountain communities they are collected and removed from residential properties. By removing the pine needles, communities create a “defensible space” to prevent wild fires from destroying homes. These needles are often placed in regional landfills. The South Tahoe Refuse and Recycling Services alone has more than 4,340 tons of pine needles dumped at their facility annually. This large amount of biomass can be a potential energy source.

The focus of this ...


Research Needs And Challenges In The Few System: Coupling Economic Models With Agronomic, Hydrologic, And Bioenergy Models For Sustainable Food, Energy, And Water Systems, Catherine L. Kling, Raymond W. Arritt, Gray Calhoun, David A. Keiser, John M. Antle, Jeffery G. Arnold, Miguel Carriquiry, Indrajeet Chaubey, Peter Christensen, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Philip Gassman, William Gutowski, Thomas W. Hertel, Gerritt Hoogenboom, Elena Irwin, Madhu Khanna, Pierre Mérel, Daniel J. Phaneuf, Andrew Plantinga, Stephen Polasky, Paul Preckel, Sergey Rabotyagov, Ivan Rudik, Silvia Secchi, Aaron Smith, Andrew VanLoocke, Calvin Wolter, Jinhua Zhao, Wendong Zhang 2017 Iowa State University

Research Needs And Challenges In The Few System: Coupling Economic Models With Agronomic, Hydrologic, And Bioenergy Models For Sustainable Food, Energy, And Water Systems, Catherine L. Kling, Raymond W. Arritt, Gray Calhoun, David A. Keiser, John M. Antle, Jeffery G. Arnold, Miguel Carriquiry, Indrajeet Chaubey, Peter Christensen, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Philip Gassman, William Gutowski, Thomas W. Hertel, Gerritt Hoogenboom, Elena Irwin, Madhu Khanna, Pierre Mérel, Daniel J. Phaneuf, Andrew Plantinga, Stephen Polasky, Paul Preckel, Sergey Rabotyagov, Ivan Rudik, Silvia Secchi, Aaron Smith, Andrew Vanloocke, Calvin Wolter, Jinhua Zhao, Wendong Zhang

Catherine Kling

On October 12–13, a workshop funded by the National Science Foundation was held at Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa with a goal of identifying research needs related to coupled economic and biophysical models within the FEW system. Approximately 80 people attended the workshop with about half representing the social sciences (primarily economics) and the rest from the physical and natural sciences. The focus and attendees were chosen so that findings would be particularly relevant to SBE research needs while taking into account the critical connectivity needed between social sciences and other disciplines. We have identified several major gaps ...


Lean Energy Analysis: Identifying, Discovering And Tracking Energy Savings Potential, J. Kelly Kissock, John Seryak 2017 University of Dayton

Lean Energy Analysis: Identifying, Discovering And Tracking Energy Savings Potential, J. Kelly Kissock, John Seryak

J. Kelly Kissock

Energy in manufacturing facilities is used for direct production of goods, space conditioning, and general facility support such as lighting. This paper presents a methodology, called lean energy analysis, LEA, for graphically and statistically analyzing plant energy use in terms of these major end uses.

The LEA methodology uses as few as 60 easily obtainable data points. Multivariable change-point models of electricity and natural gas use as functions of outdoor air temperature and production data are developed. The statistical models are used to subdivide plant energy use into facility, space-conditioning and production-related components.

These breakdowns suggest the savings potential from ...


Improving Compressed Air Energy Efficiency In Automotive Plants: Practical Examples And Implementation, Nasr Alkadi, J. Kelly Kissock 2017 Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Improving Compressed Air Energy Efficiency In Automotive Plants: Practical Examples And Implementation, Nasr Alkadi, J. Kelly Kissock

J. Kelly Kissock

The automotive industry is the largest industry in the United States in terms of the dollar value of production [1]. U.S. automakers face tremendous pressure from foreign competitors, which have an increasing manufacturing presence in this country. The Big Three North American Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs)-General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler-are reacting to declining sales figures and economic strain by working more efficiently and seeking out opportunities to reduce production costs without negatively affecting the production volume or the quality of the product. Successful, cost-effective investment and implementation of the energy efficiency technologies and practices meet the challenge of ...


Development Of A Holistic Maritime Energy Management Programme At The Postgraduate Level: The Case Of Wmu, Aykut I. Ölçer, Fabio Ballini, Momoko Kitada, Dimitrios Dalaklis 2017 World Maritime University

Development Of A Holistic Maritime Energy Management Programme At The Postgraduate Level: The Case Of Wmu, Aykut I. Ölçer, Fabio Ballini, Momoko Kitada, Dimitrios Dalaklis

Conference Papers

Energy efficiency in shipping is regarded as one of the most urgent tasks to which the industry needs to respond. According to the 2014 International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) Green-House Gas (GHG) Study, the average respective missions from shipping accounted for approximately 3.1% of annual global CO2 during the period of 2007–2012.
Mandatory technical and operational energy-efficiency measures adopted via Annex VI of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) entered into force on 1 January 2013. It is mandatory to implement the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) for certain types of new ships ...


Review Of: Peter Hoffman, Tomorrow's Energy: Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, And The Prospects For A Cleaner Planet, William H. Shaw III 2017 University of New Hampshire

Review Of: Peter Hoffman, Tomorrow's Energy: Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, And The Prospects For A Cleaner Planet, William H. Shaw Iii

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Review of the book: Peter Hoffman, Tomorrow's Energy: Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and the Prospects for a Cleaner Planet (MIT Press 2001). Illustrations, Foreword, Acknowledgments, Notes, Index. ISBN 0-262-08295-0 [289 pp. $32.95. Cloth, 5 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142- 1493].


Anhydrous Ammonia Pretreatment Of Corn Stover And Enzymatic Hydrolysis Of Glucan From Pretreated Corn Stover, Minliang Yang, Weitao Zhang, Kurt A. Rosentrater 2017 Iowa State University

Anhydrous Ammonia Pretreatment Of Corn Stover And Enzymatic Hydrolysis Of Glucan From Pretreated Corn Stover, Minliang Yang, Weitao Zhang, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

As a promising alternative of fossil fuel, ethanol has been widely used. In recent years, much attention has been devoted to bioethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass. In previous research, it is found that the pretreatment method named low-moisture anhydrous ammonia (LMAA) has the advantage of high conversion efficiency and less washing requirements. The purpose of this study was to explore the optimal conditions by employing the LMAA pretreatment method. Corn stover was treated under three levels of moisture content: 20, 50, 80 w.b.% (wet basis), and three levels of particle size: <0.09, 0.09–2, >2 mm; it was also ammoniated with a ...


Murray Energy Corporation V. Mccarthy, Sarah M. Danno 2017 University of Montana School of Law

Murray Energy Corporation V. Mccarthy, Sarah M. Danno

Public Land and Resources Law Review

Holding that the widespread effects of environmental regulation on the coal industry constituted sufficient importance, the Northern District of West Virginia ordered the Environmental Protection Agency to conduct analysis on employment loss and plant reduction resulting from regulatory effects. In admonishing the EPA’s inaction, the court ruled that the Agency had a non-discretionary duty to evaluate employment and plant reduction. Furthermore, the court held that the EPA’s attempt to put forth general reports in place of required evaluations was an invalid attempt to circumvent its statutory duty.


An 8-Zone Iso-Ne Test System With Physically-Based Wind Power, Wanning Li, Leigh Tesfatsion 2017 Iowa State University

An 8-Zone Iso-Ne Test System With Physically-Based Wind Power, Wanning Li, Leigh Tesfatsion

Economics Working Papers

This study extends the agent-based 8-Zone ISO-NE Test System to include wind turbine agents, each characterized by location, physical type, and an output curve mapping local wind speed into wind power output. Increases in wind power penetration (WPP) are modeled as build-outs of investment queues for planned wind turbine installations. The extended system is used to study the effects of increasing WPP under both stochastic and deterministic day-ahead market (DAM) formulations for security-constrained unit commitment (SCUC).

For each tested WPP, the expected cost saving resulting from a switch from deterministic to stochastic DAM SCUC is found to display a U-shaped ...


Concluding Remarks, Craig Eason 2017 Fathom Maritime Intelligence

Concluding Remarks, Craig Eason

MARENER 2017

No abstract provided.


Innovation For Low Carbon Shipping: An Innovation System In The Making, Jonathan Köhler 2017 Fraunhofer ISI

Innovation For Low Carbon Shipping: An Innovation System In The Making, Jonathan Köhler

MARENER 2017

This paper uses an analysis of stakeholders in the shipping industry to assess the potential for low carbon ships to enter trades such as tankers and bulkers and to trigger a sustainability transition in maritime transport. An innovation system must perform innovation functions: development, entrepreneurship, deployment of resources and legitimation successfully in order to develop. The developments in LNG are compared to wind assistance technologies and an assessment of possible transitions pathways made. LNG is devloping an effective innovation system. LNG ships are being build and classed and are now in operation. However, infrastructure is still limited an the technology ...


Commercial Wind Propulsion Solutions: Putting The ‘Sail’ Back Into 'Sailing', Gavin Allwright 2017 IWSA

Commercial Wind Propulsion Solutions: Putting The ‘Sail’ Back Into 'Sailing', Gavin Allwright

MARENER 2017

No abstract provided.


Security Dimension Of The Maritime Energy Management: A Naval Perspective, Burak Seker, Dimitrios Dalaklis Prof. 2017 Turkish Armed Forces

Security Dimension Of The Maritime Energy Management: A Naval Perspective, Burak Seker, Dimitrios Dalaklis Prof.

MARENER 2017

In a strategic environment that is increasingly shaped by the forces of glo­balization, the navies need to be prepared for a wide range of contingencies. Many of these contingencies will arise from challenges that have little in common with traditional notions of security: cyber attacks can cause massive damage without a single shot being fired; terrorist attacks can have a psychological impact that far outweighs their immediate physical effect; the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction can lead to unpredict­able power shifts; and other threats to secured energy management.

Energy is essential for virtually all aspects of modern ...


Developing A Strategy For Lng Powered Transport Corridors In The Baltic Sea Region, Josefin Madjidian 2017 World Maritime University

Developing A Strategy For Lng Powered Transport Corridors In The Baltic Sea Region, Josefin Madjidian

MARENER 2017

No abstract provided.


Energy Efficient Operations Of Warships: Perspective Of The Indian Navy, Amit Batra, Rohit Prakash 2017 IHQ MoD(Navy), India

Energy Efficient Operations Of Warships: Perspective Of The Indian Navy, Amit Batra, Rohit Prakash

MARENER 2017

No abstract provided.


Seafarers And Energy Efficient Ships: One Step Ahead!, Mohab Abou Elkawam 2017 Liverpool John Moores University

Seafarers And Energy Efficient Ships: One Step Ahead!, Mohab Abou Elkawam

MARENER 2017

No abstract provided.


A Marine Cadastre To Manage Conflict Use And Facilitate Marine Renewable Energy, Séverine Michalak 2017 World Maritime University

A Marine Cadastre To Manage Conflict Use And Facilitate Marine Renewable Energy, Séverine Michalak

MARENER 2017

No abstract provided.


Techno-Economic Approach For Solar Energy Concept Onboard Marine Vehicles, Ibrahim S. Seddiek 2017 Arab Academy for Science, Technology & Maritime Transport

Techno-Economic Approach For Solar Energy Concept Onboard Marine Vehicles, Ibrahim S. Seddiek

MARENER 2017

No abstract provided.


The Analysis Of Non-Conformities With The Objective Of Improving Ship Energy Efficiency, Özcan Arslan, Elif Bal Beşikçi, Fırat Bolat, Koray Yaş 2017 Istanbul Technical University

The Analysis Of Non-Conformities With The Objective Of Improving Ship Energy Efficiency, Özcan Arslan, Elif Bal Beşikçi, Fırat Bolat, Koray Yaş

MARENER 2017

No abstract provided.


Understanding The Social And Human Dimension Of Energy Management In Shipping, Martin Viktorelius 2017 Chalmers University of Technology

Understanding The Social And Human Dimension Of Energy Management In Shipping, Martin Viktorelius

MARENER 2017

No abstract provided.


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