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Notes On The Gridlab-D Household Equivalent Thermal Parameter Model, Leigh Tesfatsion, Swathi Battula 2020 Iowa State University

Notes On The Gridlab-D Household Equivalent Thermal Parameter Model, Leigh Tesfatsion, Swathi Battula

Economics Working Papers

GridLAB-D (GLD) is an agent-based platform, developed by researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, that permits users to accurately simulate the state dynamics of power distribution systems at time scales ranging from sub-seconds to years. The purpose of this study is to present, in careful comprehensive form, a complete analytical state-space control representation for a version of the GLD Household Equivalent Thermal Parameter Model as support documentation for model users. This model is a physically-based implementation of a household with multiple price-responsive and conventional appliances whose thermal dynamics are determined over successive days by resident appliance usage and external weather ...


Water–Energy–Food Nexus Framework For Promoting Regional Integration In Central Asia, Olimjon Saidmamatov, Inna Rudenko, Stephan Pfister, Jacek A. Koziel 2020 Urgench State University

Water–Energy–Food Nexus Framework For Promoting Regional Integration In Central Asia, Olimjon Saidmamatov, Inna Rudenko, Stephan Pfister, Jacek A. Koziel

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

This paper focuses on regional integration through the lenses of the Water–Food–Energy (WEF) nexus, a concept putting strong emphasis on cross-sectoral and multi-level interactions as well as on resource interdependencies. There is an extensive amount of published research focusing on the Aral Sea basin. In this paper, the authors build upon these different contributions and provide a meta-analysis of the literature of WEF nexus opportunities in Central Asia (CA) countries. This paper contributes to ongoing discussions regarding how the WEF Nexus can represent an opportunity for reinforced collaboration regarding resources management. To do so, focusing on existing literature ...


Analytical Scuc/Sced Optimization Formulation For Ames V5.0, Leigh Tesfatsion, Swathi Battula 2020 Iowa State University

Analytical Scuc/Sced Optimization Formulation For Ames V5.0, Leigh Tesfatsion, Swathi Battula

Economics Working Papers

U.S. centrally-managed wholesale power markets currently rely on Security-Constrained Unit Commitment (SCUC) and Security Constrained Economic Dispatch (SCED) optimizations to determine unit commitments, reserve, and scheduled dispatch levels for generating units during future operating periods. AMES V5.0 is an open source Java/Python platform that implements a combined SCUC/SCED optimization capturing salient features of these actual market SCUC/SCED optimizations. This report provides extensive documentation for the analytical formulation of the AMES V5.0 SCUC/SCED optimization.


Variable Compact Multi-Point Upscaling Schemes For Anisotropic Diffusion Problems In Three-Dimensions, James Quinlan 2020 The University of Southern Mississippi

Variable Compact Multi-Point Upscaling Schemes For Anisotropic Diffusion Problems In Three-Dimensions, James Quinlan

Dissertations

Simulation is a useful tool to mitigate risk and uncertainty in subsurface flow models that contain geometrically complex features and in which the permeability field is highly heterogeneous. However, due to the level of detail in the underlying geocellular description, an upscaling procedure is needed to generate a coarsened model that is computationally feasible to perform simulations. These procedures require additional attention when coefficients in the system exhibit full-tensor anisotropy due to heterogeneity or not aligned with the computational grid. In this thesis, we generalize a multi-point finite volume scheme in several ways and benchmark it against the industry-standard routines ...


Developing And Implementing A 100% Renewable Electricity Resolution: A Research-Based Framework, Emily E. Skill, Roslynn Brain McCann, Sarah C. Klain 2020 Utah State University

Developing And Implementing A 100% Renewable Electricity Resolution: A Research-Based Framework, Emily E. Skill, Roslynn Brain Mccann, Sarah C. Klain

All Current Publications

While it may seem that the efforts of local governments have only a marginal impact on the global issue of climate change, local action can spread to generate large-scale change. Local action can inspire other communities to adopt policies, creating the potential to expand and form regional action on climate change. Furthermore, local policies can influence state and federal policies. This guide will walk you through a five-step framework that was developed from the results of a qualitative research study that explored how three Utah cities, Salt Lake City, Park City, and Moab, successfully adopted 100% renewable electricity resolutions.


Clean Alternatives For Household Coal - Case Study: Izmir, Turkey, Yagiz Yar 2020 University of San Francisco

Clean Alternatives For Household Coal - Case Study: Izmir, Turkey, Yagiz Yar

Master's Projects and Capstones

Household coal consumption during the heating season affects Izmir’s air quality adversely to the point where air quality indicators show that pollution levels exceed limit concentration values that World Health Organization set for a habitable and healthy ambient air. The objective of this paper is to evaluate alternatives that utilize low-carbon emitting methods of domestic heating fueled by renewable energy sources and develop a model which would replace household coal. Research shows that 223,969 tonnes of coal were burned in households of Izmir in 2019 and analysis results show that 2.72 million MMBtu of heat energy was ...


A Review Of Methods To Better Predict And Reduce The Risk Of Hurricane Damage To The Energy Sector, Zackary Litalien 2020 The University of San Francisco

A Review Of Methods To Better Predict And Reduce The Risk Of Hurricane Damage To The Energy Sector, Zackary Litalien

Master's Projects and Capstones

In the event of a hurricane, electricity is the most important utility as it provides heat, water, food, light, communication, and medical care to communities. Research predicts an increase in frequency and strength of hurricanes with time due to climate change, which requires communities and electric utility companies to be prepared for the inevitable. This paper assesses existing methods of hurricane preparation and restoration of the electric power grid in hurricane prone locations with regards to the electric utility companies and electric distribution systems. In this study, I perform a comparative analysis between different methods of planning and forecasting electrical ...


Assessing The Potential For Greater Solar Development In West Texas, Usa, Dale D. Devitt, M. H. Young, J. P. Pierre 2020 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Assessing The Potential For Greater Solar Development In West Texas, Usa, Dale D. Devitt, M. H. Young, J. P. Pierre

Life Sciences Faculty Publications

As population and economies continue to grow on a global scale, so too does the demand for energy. To improve reliability and independence of energy supplies, the U.S. and many other countries are seeking internally-sourced renewable energy; solar is one such renewable-energy source that meets these criteria. However, all energy sources exert some environmental impacts. In the case of solar, direct impacts stem mostly from alteration of land needed to host infrastructure. Understanding the environmental upside and downside potential of solar energy systems allows a more comprehensive, side-by-side comparison with different energy sources. In this article, we focus on ...


An Assessment Of Renewable Energy Technology Implementation In Storrs, Connecticut: Emissions Reduction And Feasibility Of A Microgrid System At Uconn, Sophie MacDonald 2020 University of Connecticut

An Assessment Of Renewable Energy Technology Implementation In Storrs, Connecticut: Emissions Reduction And Feasibility Of A Microgrid System At Uconn, Sophie Macdonald

Honors Scholar Theses

The purpose of this project is to design a clean energy-sourced microgrid for UConn’s main campus that would reduce the university’s energy emissions while remaining within the geographic boundaries of viable UConn-owned land. Economic cost was not considered in this analysis; instead, emissions and space constraints were the optimized measures of value and feasibility. Sources of energy that were considered include photovoltaics (PV), wind turbines, hydrokinetic systems, and fuel cells. Energy storage capacity was included in the analysis as well. The overall system was optimized first by ignoring space constraints and for a minimum of 10% reduction from ...


College Of Natural Sciences, Forestry, And Agriculture_Eco 180 And 405 Reading Recommendations, Sharon Klein 2020 University of Maine

College Of Natural Sciences, Forestry, And Agriculture_Eco 180 And 405 Reading Recommendations, Sharon Klein

College of Natural Sciences, Forestry, and Agriculture

Email from Sharon Klein, Associate Professor, School of Economics, University of Maine to the Provost Office describing Professor Klein's energy classes ECO 180 and 405, she lead an optional hour-long Zoom discussion about the topic "What does the coronavirus mean for sustainable energy?" during the week of March 30. Includes list of the recommended articles students should read in advance of the discussion.


An Ecopath With Ecosim Analysis On Offshore Petroleum Platform Influences On Gulf Of Mexico Red Snapper, Valentin Gomez 2020 Louisiana State University

An Ecopath With Ecosim Analysis On Offshore Petroleum Platform Influences On Gulf Of Mexico Red Snapper, Valentin Gomez

LSU Master's Theses

Offshore oil and gas platforms have had a significant presence in the Gulf of Mexico since the 1950s. An important secondary function of these structures is that they provide artificial habitat to fisheries, most notably Red snapper. Policy changes intended to reduce the risk associated with aging infrastructure have reduced the number of standing platforms from 4044 to 1867 from 2001 to 2018. The effect this loss of habitat has on Red snapper was tested by creating three scenarios of platform changes and modeling the perturbation from 2005 to 2050. The simulation was accomplished using the ecological model Ecopath with ...


Kitchen Chronicles And Crude Expectations: Understanding Everyday Life In The Upper Ecuadorian Amazon, Emily A. Babb 2020 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Kitchen Chronicles And Crude Expectations: Understanding Everyday Life In The Upper Ecuadorian Amazon, Emily A. Babb

Senior Theses

My thesis examines the everyday life of my Ecuadorian, Kichwa host family in an attempt to better understand how, if at all, they interact with and think about oil companies on a regular basis. In this way, I attempted to supplement the current literature, which tends to focus on the large, contentious interactions between indigenous people and the petroleum industry. It was my hope to expand the understanding of their identities both within and outside the context of oil and to show the complexity of their relationship with petroleum companies.


Assessing The Feasibility, Costs, And Benefits Of Transitioning Part Of The University Of South Carolina Shuttle Fleet To An Alternative Fuel Source And Promoting Anti-Idling Strategies, Eva L. James 2020 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Assessing The Feasibility, Costs, And Benefits Of Transitioning Part Of The University Of South Carolina Shuttle Fleet To An Alternative Fuel Source And Promoting Anti-Idling Strategies, Eva L. James

Senior Theses

The current University of South Carolina shuttle fleet is made up of eleven (11) light duty shuttles and thirteen (13) heavy duty school buses, all of which rely on gasoline and diesel fuel sources. This study intends to assess the environmental, health, and economic tradeoffs of switching part of the existing University shuttle fleet to an alternative fuel source: compressed natural gas (CNG) or propane (LPG). This study also includes detailed, fleet specific idling-cost calculations to encourage the adoption of recommended anti-idling strategies. Following an exhaustive analysis of the available literature that addresses the feasibility of a partial CNG or ...


Observations Show That Wind Farms Substantially Modify The Atmospheric Boundary Layer Thermal Stratification Transition In The Early Evening, Daniel A. Rajewski, Eugene S. Takle, Andy VanLoocke, Samantha L. Purdy 2020 Iowa State University

Observations Show That Wind Farms Substantially Modify The Atmospheric Boundary Layer Thermal Stratification Transition In The Early Evening, Daniel A. Rajewski, Eugene S. Takle, Andy Vanloocke, Samantha L. Purdy

Agronomy Publications

Single wind turbines and large wind farms modify local scales of atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) turbulence through different mechanisms dependent on location within the wind farm. These changes in turbulence scales would most likely have notable influence on surface fluxes and microclimate during the afternoon and early evening stability transition. Profiles of Richardson number and shear and buoyancy from 1‐Hz tall tower measurements in and near a wind farm in an agricultural landscape were used to quantify departures in stability characteristics during the fallow seasons. A single turbine wake decoupled turbulent connection between the surface and above the wind ...


Evaluating Lignin Valorization Via Pyrolysis And Vapor-Phase Hydrodeoxygenation For Production Of Aromatics And Alkenes, Alireza Saraeian, Alvina Aui, Yu Gao, Mark M. Wright, Marcus Foston, Brent H. Shanks 2020 Iowa State University

Evaluating Lignin Valorization Via Pyrolysis And Vapor-Phase Hydrodeoxygenation For Production Of Aromatics And Alkenes, Alireza Saraeian, Alvina Aui, Yu Gao, Mark M. Wright, Marcus Foston, Brent H. Shanks

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Lignin valorization to chemicals is an important component of creating economically viable biofuels production from lignocellulosic biomass. Any such strategy should aim at producing chemicals used at scales that can appropriately match lignin availability. Herein, a combined pyrolysis and low-pressure hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) process configuration is proposed to achieve total oxygen removal and obtain hydrocarbon (aromatic and alkene) products. This approach is tested for its robustness for lignin feedstocks obtained from a variety of sources and extracted using different procedures. The experimental results demonstrate that regardless of the lignin source, the HDO process using a MoO3 catalyst was able to funnel ...


An Environmental And Economic Analysis Of Flocculation Technology Applied To A Corn-Based Ethanol Plant, Maria C. T. B. Oliveira, Kurt A. Rosentrater 2020 Iowa State University

An Environmental And Economic Analysis Of Flocculation Technology Applied To A Corn-Based Ethanol Plant, Maria C. T. B. Oliveira, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

The stimulation of renewable fuel production is related to the environmental issues resulting from the extraction and utilization of fossil fuels. Although corn-based ethanol is one of the leading renewable fuels and promises to mitigate these environmental impacts, it generates large volumes of wastewater with high concentrations of organic material (CODcr > 30,000 mg/L) and low pH (3.5–4.5), which leads to serious environmental concerns. A common method of treatment of distillery wastewater is the Dry Distilled Grain Soluble (DDGS) process, which separates liquid and solid fractions; however, a disadvantage of this process is its high ...


Utilization Of Mechanocatalytic Oligosaccharides By Ethanologenic Escherichia Coli As A Model Microbial Cell Factory, Tao Jin, Mats Käldström, Adriana Benavides, Marcelo D. Kaufman Rechulski, Laura R. Jarboe 2020 Iowa State University

Utilization Of Mechanocatalytic Oligosaccharides By Ethanologenic Escherichia Coli As A Model Microbial Cell Factory, Tao Jin, Mats Käldström, Adriana Benavides, Marcelo D. Kaufman Rechulski, Laura R. Jarboe

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Mechanocatalysis is a promising method for depolymerization of lignocellulosic biomass. Microbial utilization of the resulting oligosaccharides is one potential route of adding value to the depolymerized biomass. However, it is unclear how readily these oligosaccharides are utilized by standard cell factories. Here, we investigate utilization of cellulose subjected to mechanocatalytic depolymerization, using ethanologenic Escherichia coli as a model fermentation organism. The mechanocatalytic oligosaccharides supported ethanol titers similar to those observed when glucose was provided at comparable concentrations. Tracking of the various oligomers, using maltose (alpha-1,4) and cellobiose (beta-1,4) oligomers as representative standards of the orientation, but not linkage ...


Developing A Uas-Deployable Methane Sensor Using Low-Cost Modular Open-Source Components, Gavin DeMali 2020 The University of Akron

Developing A Uas-Deployable Methane Sensor Using Low-Cost Modular Open-Source Components, Gavin Demali

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

This project aimed to develop a methane sensor for deployment on an unmanned aerial system (UAS), or drone, platform. This design is centered around low cost, commercially available modular hardware components and open source software libraries. Once successfully developed, this system was deployed at the Bath Nature Preserve in Bath Township, Summit County Ohio in order to detect any potential on site fugitive methane emissions in the vicinity of the oil and gas infrastructure present. The deliverables of this project (i.e. the data collected at BNP) will be given to the land managers there to better inform future management ...


Dual-Axis Solar Tracker, Bryan Kennedy 2020 Central Washington University

Dual-Axis Solar Tracker, Bryan Kennedy

All Undergraduate Projects

Renewable energies, and fuels that are not fossil fuel-based, are one of the prolific topics of debate in modern society. With climate change now becoming a primary focus for scientists and innovators of today, one of the areas for the largest amount of potential and growth is that of the capturing and utilization of Solar Energy. This method involves using a mechanical system to track the progression of the sun as it traverses the sky throughout the day. A dual-axis solar tracker such as the one designed and built for this project, can follow the sun both azimuthally and in ...


Disturbance Related To Unconventional Oil And Gas Development In The Appalachian Basin, Kevin Jordan Harris 2020 West Virginia University

Disturbance Related To Unconventional Oil And Gas Development In The Appalachian Basin, Kevin Jordan Harris

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Little research has been done on the land cover change of unconventional oil and gas (UOG) wells across the Appalachian basin. In the last decade, UOG development has increased drastically across the region. Permitted well data from 2007 to 2017 were assembled into a geospatial database and analyzed with current aerial imagery to determine the activity of permitted wells in Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. To capture all disturbance related to UOG development, a 25-hectare buffer was placed around each active well as the study extent. A supervised classification approach was used to determine the pre-development and post-development landcover across ...


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