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Simulation Of Daily Flow Pathways, Tile-Drain Nitrate Concentrations, And Soil-Nitrogen Dynamics Using Swat, Michelle L. Soupir, Matthew J. Helmers, William G. Crumpton, Jeffrey G. Arnold, Philip W. Gassman 2018 Iowa State University

Simulation Of Daily Flow Pathways, Tile-Drain Nitrate Concentrations, And Soil-Nitrogen Dynamics Using Swat, Michelle L. Soupir, Matthew J. Helmers, William G. Crumpton, Jeffrey G. Arnold, Philip W. Gassman

Michelle L. Soupir

Tile drainage significantly alters flow and nutrient pathways and reliable simulation at this scale is needed for effective planning of nutrient reduction strategies. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) has been widely utilized for prediction of flow and nutrient loads, but few applications have evaluated the model's ability to simulate pathway-specific flow components or nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N) concentrations in tile-drained watersheds at the daily time step. The objectives of this study were to develop and calibrate SWAT models for small, tile-drained watersheds, evaluate model performance for simulation of flow components and NO3-N concentration at daily intervals, and evaluate simulated ...


Identifying Riparian Zones Best Suited To Installation Of Saturated Buffers: A Preliminary Multi-Watershed Assessment, M. D. Tomer, D. B. Jaynes, S. A. Porter, D. E. James, T. M. Isenhart 2018 United States Department of Agriculture

Identifying Riparian Zones Best Suited To Installation Of Saturated Buffers: A Preliminary Multi-Watershed Assessment, M. D. Tomer, D. B. Jaynes, S. A. Porter, D. E. James, T. M. Isenhart

Thomas M. Isenhart

Saturated riparian buffers are a new type of conservation practice that divert subsurface tile drainage water from direct discharge to surface water into distribution pipes that discharge the tile water into riparian soils. This enables natural processes of biological uptake and denitrification to decrease nutrient loads that are being lost from croplands via tile drains, reducing water quality impacts from agriculture at relatively little cost. This chapter suggests and evaluates draft criteria that identify riparian zones within a watershed that are suited to installation of saturated buffers. Soils criteria, evaluated using soil survey information, include subsurface accumulations of soil organic ...


Phosphorus Source--Sink Relationships Of Stream Sediments In The Rathbun Lake Watershed In Southern Iowa, Usa, Najphak Hongthanat, John L. Kovar, Michael L. Thompson, James R. Russell, Thomas M. Isenhart 2018 Iowa State University

Phosphorus Source--Sink Relationships Of Stream Sediments In The Rathbun Lake Watershed In Southern Iowa, Usa, Najphak Hongthanat, John L. Kovar, Michael L. Thompson, James R. Russell, Thomas M. Isenhart

Thomas M. Isenhart

The surface waters of Rathbun Lake watershed in southern Iowa are impacted by agricultural sources of sediments and nutrients, including phosphorus (P). Because stream sediments often play an important role in regulating P concentrations in stream water, we investigated sediment-water column P relationships in four creeks within the watershed and then evaluated the relationship between sediment properties and indicators of the risk of P loss. Based on Mehlich-3-extractable P (17 to 68 mg kg -1) and degree of P saturation (2 to 12 %), stream bank and bed sediments at the four sites were unlikely to serve as major sources of ...


Development And Validation Of A House Finch Interleukin-1Β (Hfil-1Β) Elisa System, Sungwon Kim, Myeongseon Park, Ariel E. Leon, James S. Adelman, Dana M. Hawley, Rami A. Dalloul 2018 The University of Edinburgh

Development And Validation Of A House Finch Interleukin-1Β (Hfil-1Β) Elisa System, Sungwon Kim, Myeongseon Park, Ariel E. Leon, James S. Adelman, Dana M. Hawley, Rami A. Dalloul

James S. Adelman

Background

A unique clade of the bacterium Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG), which causes chronic respiratory disease in poultry, has resulted in annual epidemics of conjunctivitis in North American house finches since the 1990s. Currently, few immunological tools have been validated for this songbird species. Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is a prototypic multifunctional cytokine and can affect almost every cell type during Mycoplasma infection. The overall goal of this study was to develop and validate a direct ELISA assay for house finch IL-1β (HfIL-1β) using a cross-reactive chicken antibody.

Methods

A direct ELISA approach was used to develop this system using two different coating ...


Application Of Genetics And Genomics To Wildlife Epidemiology, Julie A. Blanchong, Stacie J. Robinson, Michael D. Samuel, Jeffrey T. Foster 2018 Iowa State University

Application Of Genetics And Genomics To Wildlife Epidemiology, Julie A. Blanchong, Stacie J. Robinson, Michael D. Samuel, Jeffrey T. Foster

Julie A. Blanchong

Wildlife diseases can have significant impacts on wildlife conservation and management. Many of the pathogens that affect wildlife also have important implications for domestic animal and human health. However, management interventions to prevent or control wildlife disease are hampered by uncertainties about the complex interactions between pathogens and free-ranging wildlife. We often lack crucial knowledge about host ecology, pathogen characteristics, and host–pathogen dynamics. The purpose of this review is to familiarize wildlife biologists and managers with the application of genetic and genomic methodologies for investigating pathogen and host biology to better understand and manage wildlife diseases. The genesis of ...


Utilizing Gis To Locate Endangered Gravel Hill Prairies Of The Wabash River Valley, Ryan W.R. Schroeder 2018 Purdue University

Utilizing Gis To Locate Endangered Gravel Hill Prairies Of The Wabash River Valley, Ryan W.R. Schroeder

Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Partnerships for Purpose; March 1, 2017

The Gravel Hill Prairies (GHP’s) of the Wabash River Valley are an endangered ecosystem in the state of Indiana and provide optimal growing conditions for a number of state endangered plants. Currently only four remnants are known to exist near Lafayette, IN, found by a previous study conducted in 1980 by Post, Bacone, and Aldrich (Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science, 1984, vol. 94: 457-464). These unique ecosystems have been found to occur almost exclusively on soils classified as Rodman Gravelly Loams and Strawn-Rodman complexes which occur predominantly along the outwash terraces of the Wabash River and its ...


Using Unmanned Aerial Systems For Deriving Forest Stand Characteristics In Mixed Hardwoods Of West Virginia, Henry Liebermann, Jamie Schuler, Michael P. Strager, Angela K. Hentz, Aaron Maxwell 2018 West Virginia University

Using Unmanned Aerial Systems For Deriving Forest Stand Characteristics In Mixed Hardwoods Of West Virginia, Henry Liebermann, Jamie Schuler, Michael P. Strager, Angela K. Hentz, Aaron Maxwell

Journal of Geospatial Applications in Natural Resources

Forest inventory information is a principle driver for forest management decisions. Information gathered through these inventories provides a summary of the condition of forested stands. The method by which remote sensing aids land managers is changing rapidly. Imagery produced from unmanned aerial systems (UAS) offer high temporal and spatial resolutions to small-scale forest management. UAS imagery is less expensive and easier to coordinate to meet project needs compared to traditional manned aerial imagery. This study focused on producing an efficient and approachable work flow for producing forest stand board volume estimates from UAS imagery in mixed hardwood stands of West ...


Integrating Fire And Forest Planning: A Review Of National Forest Plan Revisions, Hailey Graf 2018 hg181460

Integrating Fire And Forest Planning: A Review Of National Forest Plan Revisions, Hailey Graf

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

No abstract provided.


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2018, June 18-20, Brussels, Belgium, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Registration Form Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Registration Form Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Abstract Template Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2017 Wojciech Budzianowski Consulting Services

Abstract Template Resrb 2018, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Biomass Inlet Concentration On Mixing In A Double Screw Pyrolyzer, Breanna L. Marmur, Theodore J. Heindel 2017 Iowa State University

Effect Of Biomass Inlet Concentration On Mixing In A Double Screw Pyrolyzer, Breanna L. Marmur, Theodore J. Heindel

Theodore J. Heindel

The renewable energy industry relies on double screw pyrolyzers to convert cellulosic biomass into bio-oil. Bio-oil can then be converted into synthetic gasoline, diesel, and other transportation fuels, or can be converted into biobased chemicals for a wide range of applications. One of the processes by which bio-oil is produced in industry today is through fast pyrolysis, the fast thermal decomposition of organic material in the absence of oxygen. One type of pyrolyzer, a double screw pyrolyzer, features two intermeshing screws encased in a reactor which mechanically conveys and mixes the biomass and heat carrier media. The mixing effectiveness of ...


The Application And Usefulness Of Economic Analyses For Water Quality Management In Coastal Areas, Sheri L. Jewhurst, Kate K. Mulvaney, Marisa J. Mazzotta 2017 US Environmental Protection Agency

The Application And Usefulness Of Economic Analyses For Water Quality Management In Coastal Areas, Sheri L. Jewhurst, Kate K. Mulvaney, Marisa J. Mazzotta

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

Economic studies are increasingly sought as tools to contribute to water quality management in estuaries and coastal communities, yet little is known about how the results from existing studies have been received and utilized by the organizations who solicited them. We interviewed managers from eight organizations who solicited economic studies over the past 15 years to understand how useful the studies were to their organizations and what economic research would be most helpful for their management needs. In terms of utility for coastal managers, there are a number of limitations in the studies. These include lack of site-specific data, the ...


Land Use Change And Policy In Iowa’S Loess Hills, Gaurav Arora, Peter T. Wolter, David A. Hennessy, Hongli Feng 2017 Iowa State University

Land Use Change And Policy In Iowa’S Loess Hills, Gaurav Arora, Peter T. Wolter, David A. Hennessy, Hongli Feng

Peter Wolter

Land use changes have important implications on ecosystems and society. Detailed identification of the nature of land use changes in any local region is critical for policy design. In this paper, we quantify land use change in Iowa’s Loess Hills ecoregion, which contains much of the state’s remaining prairie grasslands. We employ two distinct panel datasets, the National Resource Inventory data and multi-year Cropland Data Layers, that allow us to characterize spatially-explicit land use change in the region over the period 1982-2010. We analyze land use trends, land use transitions and crop rotations within the ecoregion, and contrast ...


Landscape Host Abundance And Configuration Regulate Periodic Outbreak Behavior In Spruce Budworm (Choristoneura Fumiferana Clem.), Louis-Etienne Robert, Brian R. Sturtevant, Barry J. Cooke, Patrick M. A. James, Marie-Josee Fortin, Philip A. Townsend, Peter T. Wolter, Daniel Kneeshaw 2017 Universite de Montreal

Landscape Host Abundance And Configuration Regulate Periodic Outbreak Behavior In Spruce Budworm (Choristoneura Fumiferana Clem.), Louis-Etienne Robert, Brian R. Sturtevant, Barry J. Cooke, Patrick M. A. James, Marie-Josee Fortin, Philip A. Townsend, Peter T. Wolter, Daniel Kneeshaw

Peter Wolter

Landscape-level forest management has long been hypothesized to affect forest insect outbreak dynamics, but empirical evidence remains elusive. We hypothesized that the combination of increased hardwood relative to host tree species, prevalence of younger forests, and fragmentation of those forests due to forest harvesting legacies would reduce outbreak intensity, increase outbreak frequency, and decrease spatial synchrony in spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana Clem.) outbreaks. We investigated these hypotheses using tree ring samples collected across 51 sites pooled into 16 subareas distributed across a large ecoregion spanning the international border between Ontario (Canada), and Minnesota (USA). This ecoregion contains contrasting land management ...


Improving The Accuracy Of Cosmic-Ray Neutron Probe Estimate Of Soil Water Content Using Multiple Detectors And Remote Sensing Estimates Of Vegetation, Xiaochen Dong 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Improving The Accuracy Of Cosmic-Ray Neutron Probe Estimate Of Soil Water Content Using Multiple Detectors And Remote Sensing Estimates Of Vegetation, Xiaochen Dong

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

The recently developed Cosmic-ray Neutron Probe (CRNP) for estimating soil water content (SWC) fills a critical measurement gap between point scale methods and large scale measurements collected from remote sensing. CRNP works by measuring the change in low-energy neutron intensity over time. However, the accuracy of CRNP to measure SWC is well known to be affected by other hydrogen sources (e.g. soil organic content, atmospheric water vapor, vegetation and surface water). This study focuses on the influence of rapidly growing vegetation in agricultural fields on the accuracy of the CRNP method. Here we use data from three long-term CRNP ...


Assessing Relationships Between Angling Effort And Larval Trematodes In Small Bluegill, Alexis Park 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Assessing Relationships Between Angling Effort And Larval Trematodes In Small Bluegill, Alexis Park

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

I wanted to determine if catch-and-release angling increased larval trematodes in small (50-160 mm) bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus). I used angling effort as a proxy for amount of catch-and-release angling. I assumed bluegill assessed, due to their size and age, experienced catch-and-release events. I assessed larval trematode intensity, black spot (Crassiphiala bulboglossa), and white grub (Posthodiplostomum minimum centrarchi), in 750 bluegill. The first objective was to quantify the association between angling effort and reservoir area. Angling effort and reservoir area were positively correlated. The second objective was to determine if angling effort, reservoir area, bluegill age, and total length affect larval ...


Exploring And Describing The Spatial And Temporal Dynamics Of Medusahead In The Channeled Scablands Of Eastern Washington Using Remote Sensing Techniques, Timothy M. Bateman 2017 Utah State University

Exploring And Describing The Spatial And Temporal Dynamics Of Medusahead In The Channeled Scablands Of Eastern Washington Using Remote Sensing Techniques, Timothy M. Bateman

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Medusahead is a harmful weed that is invading public lands in the West. The invasion is a serious concern to the public because it can reduce forage for livestock and wildlife, increase fire frequency, alter important ecosystem cycles (like water), reduce recreational activities, and produce landscapes that are aesthetically unpleasing. Invasions can drive up costs that generally require taxpayer’s dollars. Medusahead seedlings typically spread to new areas by attaching itself to passing objects (e.g. vehicles, animals, clothing) where it can quickly begin to affect plants communities. To be effective, management plans need to be sustainable, informed, and considerate ...


Geophysical Delineation Of Megaporosity And Fluid Migration Pathways For Geohazard Characterization Within The Delaware Basin, Culberson County, Texas, Jonathan David Woodard 2017 Stephen F. Austin State University

Geophysical Delineation Of Megaporosity And Fluid Migration Pathways For Geohazard Characterization Within The Delaware Basin, Culberson County, Texas, Jonathan David Woodard

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Differential dissolution of gypsum karst within the Delaware Basin poses a significant threat to infrastructure that society depends on. The study area is located in Culberson County, Texas and traverses a distance of approximately 54 kilometers along RM 652 within the Gypsum Plain which is situated on the northern margin of the Chihuahua Desert and includes outcrops of Castile and Rustler strata that host karst geohazards. Regions of karst geohazard potential have been physically surveyed proximal to the study area in evaporites throughout the Castile Formation outcrop; minimal hazards, in comparison to the Castile Formation, have been documented in ...


Simulation Of Daily Flow Pathways, Tile-Drain Nitrate Concentrations, And Soil-Nitrogen Dynamics Using Swat, FYRA Engineering, Michelle L. Soupir, Matthew J. Helmers, William G. Crumpton, Jeffrey G. Arnold, Philip W. Gassman 2017 Iowa State University

Simulation Of Daily Flow Pathways, Tile-Drain Nitrate Concentrations, And Soil-Nitrogen Dynamics Using Swat, Fyra Engineering, Michelle L. Soupir, Matthew J. Helmers, William G. Crumpton, Jeffrey G. Arnold, Philip W. Gassman

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Tile drainage significantly alters flow and nutrient pathways and reliable simulation at this scale is needed for effective planning of nutrient reduction strategies. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) has been widely utilized for prediction of flow and nutrient loads, but few applications have evaluated the model's ability to simulate pathway-specific flow components or nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N) concentrations in tile-drained watersheds at the daily time step. The objectives of this study were to develop and calibrate SWAT models for small, tile-drained watersheds, evaluate model performance for simulation of flow components and NO3-N concentration at daily intervals, and evaluate simulated ...


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