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Heterogeneity Of Avian Breeding Habitat On Grazing Lands Of The Northern Great Plains, Maggi S. Sliwinski 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Heterogeneity Of Avian Breeding Habitat On Grazing Lands Of The Northern Great Plains, Maggi S. Sliwinski

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

Native rangelands in the Great Plains are largely privately owned and used for beef production. Vegetation heterogeneity is important for maintaining biodiversity, but private land may be more homogenous than desired. My research had two components: 1) to examine whether a variety of grazing strategies created vegetation heterogeneity in a large, intact rangeland, and 2) to understand beef producers’ attitudes about vegetation heterogeneity.

First, I sampled vegetation structure, composition, and bird abundance at multiple plots on eleven management units in Cherry County, Nebraska. Units were managed with commonly used grazing strategies (e.g., short-duration grazing and season-long continuous grazing). I ...


Valuing Preservation And Improvements Of Water Quality In Clear Lake, Christopher D. Azevedo, Joseph A. Herriges Sr., Catherine Kling 2017 Iowa State University

Valuing Preservation And Improvements Of Water Quality In Clear Lake, Christopher D. Azevedo, Joseph A. Herriges Sr., Catherine Kling

Catherine Kling

This report presents summary statistics and other results of a survey of Clear Lake visitors and residents. Drawing on survey results, the authors present information on recreational usage of the lake, attitudes of recreators and local residents toward possible watershed management changes, and estimates of visitors' and residents' willingness to pay for water quality improvements at the lake. Support for the survey was provided by the Iowa Department of Natural Resources.


A Tale Of Three Watersheds: Nonpoint Source Pollution And Conservation Practices Across Iowa, Keith E. Schilling, Mark D. Tomer, Philip W. Gassman, Catherine Kling, Thomas M. Isenhart, Thomas B. Moorman, William W. Simpkins, Calvin F. Wolter 2017 Iowa Geological Survey

A Tale Of Three Watersheds: Nonpoint Source Pollution And Conservation Practices Across Iowa, Keith E. Schilling, Mark D. Tomer, Philip W. Gassman, Catherine Kling, Thomas M. Isenhart, Thomas B. Moorman, William W. Simpkins, Calvin F. Wolter

Catherine Kling

Many conservation practices and implementation programs exist to address nonpoint source (NPS) pollution losses from agricultural landscapes (Helmers et al., this issue). In order to select the most appropriate practices and programs for reducing NPS pollution in a specific region while maintaining economic return for the landowner, the interacting processes of agricultural management and watershed hydrology need to be understood across broad spatial scales. On a nationwide basis, it is easy to see how NPS pollution in one part of the country might be different than those in another region of the country. For example, cotton growers in the South ...


Degraded Water Quality In Lakes: Consequences For Use, Hocheol Jeon, Catherine L. Kling, Yongjie Ji 2017 Iowa State University

Degraded Water Quality In Lakes: Consequences For Use, Hocheol Jeon, Catherine L. Kling, Yongjie Ji

Catherine Kling

Iowa, like many states in the Midwest, suffers from poor water quality. Excess nutrients in the state’s lakes and streams contribute to odor, limited clarity, excess algae and plant growth, and can contribute to a number of other undesirable changes to habitat and water quality. These changes, in turn, can reduce the usage and enjoyment of lakes and streams. Likewise, improvements in water quality brought about by reduced nutrient pollution or lake improvement projects can increase the number of visitors and their enjoyment of natural environments. To better understand what Iowans value about their natural environment and how changes ...


The Trouble With Cover Crops: Farmers’ Experiences With Overcoming Barriers To Adoption, Gabrielle E. Roesch-McNally, Andrea D. Basche, J. G. Arbuckle, John C. Tyndall, Fernando E. Miguez, Troy Bowman, Rebecca Clay 2017 United States Forest Service

The Trouble With Cover Crops: Farmers’ Experiences With Overcoming Barriers To Adoption, Gabrielle E. Roesch-Mcnally, Andrea D. Basche, J. G. Arbuckle, John C. Tyndall, Fernando E. Miguez, Troy Bowman, Rebecca Clay

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications

Cover crops are known to promote many aspects of soil and water quality, yet estimates find that in 2012 only 2.3% of the total agricultural lands in the Midwestern USA were using cover crops. Focus groups were conducted across the Corn Belt state of Iowa to better understand how farmers confront barriers to cover crop adoption in highly intensive agricultural production systems. Although much prior research has focused on analyzing factors that help predict cover crop use on farms, there is limited research on how farmers navigate and overcome field-level (e.g. proper planting of a cover crop) and ...


Current & Future Economic Value- Kankakee River In Illinois, Timothy O. Nugent 2017 Economic Alliance

Current & Future Economic Value- Kankakee River In Illinois, Timothy O. Nugent

Kankakee River Watershed Conference

Major topics covered in work: economic impact of Kankakee River on industrial/commercial, residential, recreational/tourism in Kankakee county.


Wetland Restoration As A Climate Change Adaptations Strategy In The Kankakee River Watershed: Hydrology & Recreational User Valuesurface Water & Groundwater Interface In Kankakee Basin, Tamatha A. Patterson 2017 U.S. Geological Survey

Wetland Restoration As A Climate Change Adaptations Strategy In The Kankakee River Watershed: Hydrology & Recreational User Valuesurface Water & Groundwater Interface In Kankakee Basin, Tamatha A. Patterson

Kankakee River Watershed Conference

See slide #2 for names of 13-member project team

Author keywords: climate change hydrology, recreational ecosystem services

Scholarship domain: Community application


Regeneration Responses To Management For Old-Growth Characteristics In Northern Hardwood-Conifer Forests, Aviva Joy Gottesman 2017 University of Vermont

Regeneration Responses To Management For Old-Growth Characteristics In Northern Hardwood-Conifer Forests, Aviva Joy Gottesman

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

Silviculture practices interact with multiple sources of variability to influence regeneration trends in northern hardwood forests. There is uncertainty whether low-intensity selection harvesting techniques will result in desirable tree regeneration. Our research is part of a long-term study that tests the hypothesis that a silvicultural approach called "structural complexity enhancement" (SCE) can promote accelerated development of late-successional forest structure and functions. Our objective is to understand the regeneration dynamics following three uneven-aged forestry treatments modified to increase postharvest structural retention: single-tree selection, group selection, and SCE. In terms of regeneration densities and composition, how do light availability, competition, seedbad, and ...


Water Current, Volume 49, No. 1, Winter 2017, 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Water Current, Volume 49, No. 1, Winter 2017

Water Current Newsletter

WRAP meets at Ferguson House

Water tour to Central Platte River basin June 27-29


Detecting Spatial Regimes In Ecosystems, Shana M. Sundstrom, Tarsha Eason, R. John Nelson, David G. Angeler, Chris Barichievy, Ahjond S. Garmestani, Nicholas A.J. Graham, Dean Granholm, Lance Gunderson, Melinda Knutson, Kirsty L. Nash, Trisha Spanbauer, Craig A. Stow, Craig R. Allen 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Detecting Spatial Regimes In Ecosystems, Shana M. Sundstrom, Tarsha Eason, R. John Nelson, David G. Angeler, Chris Barichievy, Ahjond S. Garmestani, Nicholas A.J. Graham, Dean Granholm, Lance Gunderson, Melinda Knutson, Kirsty L. Nash, Trisha Spanbauer, Craig A. Stow, Craig R. Allen

Papers in Natural Resources

Research on early warning indicators has generally focused on assessing temporal transitions with limited application of these methods to detecting spatial regimes. Traditional spatial boundary detection procedures that result in ecoregion maps are typically based on ecological potential (i.e. potential vegetation), and often fail to account for ongoing changes due to stressors such as land use change and climate change and their effects on plant and animal communities. We use Fisher information, an information theory-based method, on both terrestrial and aquatic animal data (U.S. Breeding Bird Survey and marine zooplankton) to identify ecological boundaries, and compare our results ...


From Planning To Passing: The Amherst, Massachusetts Plastic Bag Ban, Kevin J. Hollerbach 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

From Planning To Passing: The Amherst, Massachusetts Plastic Bag Ban, Kevin J. Hollerbach

Student Showcase

This case study will detail the background and influences for a plastic bag ban in the town of Amherst, outline the steps taken from planning to passage, and address roadblocks and missteps that may be avoided with the implementation of future bans. It is my hope that this document will not only serve as a guide, but also an inspiration for additional local action in Massachusetts and across the country. No matter what the national political climate or attitude towards environmental issues, local action is always possible, and change is usually easier than you think. Think globally, act locally!


Effects Of Climate Change And Anthropogenic Modification On A Disturbance-Dependent Species In A Large Riverine System, Sara L. Zeigler, Daniel H. Catlin, Mary Bomberger Brown, James D. Fraser, Lauren R. Dinan, Kelsi L. Hunt, Joel G. Jorgensen, Sarah M. Karpanty 2017 United States Geological Survey

Effects Of Climate Change And Anthropogenic Modification On A Disturbance-Dependent Species In A Large Riverine System, Sara L. Zeigler, Daniel H. Catlin, Mary Bomberger Brown, James D. Fraser, Lauren R. Dinan, Kelsi L. Hunt, Joel G. Jorgensen, Sarah M. Karpanty

Papers in Natural Resources

Humans have altered nearly every natural disturbance regime on the planet through climate and land-use change, and in many instances, these processes may have interacting effects. For example, projected shifts in temperature and precipitation will likely influence disturbance regimes already affected by anthropogenic fire suppression or river impoundments. Understanding how disturbance-dependent species respond to complex and interacting environmental changes is important for conservation efforts. Using field-based demographic and movement rates, we conducted a metapopulation viability analysis for piping plovers (Charadrius melodus), a threatened disturbance-dependent species, along the Missouri and Platte rivers in the Great Plains of North America. Our aim ...


Plant Uptake And Stream Chemistry Set Global Bounds On Nitrogen Gas Emissions From Humid Tropical Forests, E.N.J. Brookshire, S. Gerber, W. Greene, R.A. Jones, Steven A. Thomas 2017 Montana State University-Bozeman

Plant Uptake And Stream Chemistry Set Global Bounds On Nitrogen Gas Emissions From Humid Tropical Forests, E.N.J. Brookshire, S. Gerber, W. Greene, R.A. Jones, Steven A. Thomas

Papers in Natural Resources

Denitrification and hydrologic leaching are the two major pathways by which nitrogen is lost from the terrestrial biosphere. Humid tropical forests are thought to dominate denitrification from unmanaged lands globally, but there is large uncertainty about the range and key drivers of total N gas emissions across the biome. We combined pantropical measures of small watershed stream chemistry with ecosystem modeling to determine total nitrogen gas losses and associated uncertainty across humid tropical forests. Our calculations reveal that denitrification in soils and along hydrologic flowpaths contributes on average >45% of total watershed N losses. However, when denitrification occurs exclusively in ...


Ungulate Predation And Ecological Roles Of Wolves And Coyotes In Eastern North America, John F. Benson, Karen M. Loveless, Linda Y. Rutledge, Brent R. Patterson 2017 Trent University

Ungulate Predation And Ecological Roles Of Wolves And Coyotes In Eastern North America, John F. Benson, Karen M. Loveless, Linda Y. Rutledge, Brent R. Patterson

Papers in Natural Resources

Understanding the ecological roles of species that influence ecosystem processes is a central goal of ecology and conservation biology. Eastern coyotes (Canis latrans) have ascended to the role of apex predator across much of eastern North America since the extirpation of wolves (Canis spp.) and there has been considerable confusion regarding their ability to prey on ungulates and their ecological niche relative to wolves. Eastern wolves (C. lycaon) are thought to have been the historical top predator in eastern deciduous forests and have previously been characterized as deer specialists that are inefficient predators of moose because of their smaller size ...


Abstract Template Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Abstract Template Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Order Form Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

Order Form Resrb 2017, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


C.V., Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2016 Wroclaw University of Technology

C.V., Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

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Review Of: Federal Judge's Desk Reference To Environmental Economics (John A. Baden, Ed.; Pacific Research Institute 1998), Edward J. Hendrick Jr. 2016 University of New Hampshire

Review Of: Federal Judge's Desk Reference To Environmental Economics (John A. Baden, Ed.; Pacific Research Institute 1998), Edward J. Hendrick Jr.

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Review of the book: Federal Judge's Desk Reference to Environmental Economics (John A. Baden, ed.; Pacific Research Institute 1998). Dedication, forward, glossary, section introductions. LC 98-9206; ISBN 0-936488-84-0. [324 pp. paper. 755 Sansone Street, Ste. 450, San Francisco, CA. 94111. http:// www.pacificserch.org].


Designing An Analytic Deliberative Process For Environmental Health Policy Making In The U.S. Nuclear Weapons Complex, Seth Tuler, Thomas Webler 2016 University of New Hampshire

Designing An Analytic Deliberative Process For Environmental Health Policy Making In The U.S. Nuclear Weapons Complex, Seth Tuler, Thomas Webler

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Using a National Research Council Report as a centerpiece, Drs. Tuler and Webler evaluate the effectiveness of a conceptual approach to risk policy-making.


An Analysis Of Gulf Of Maine Cod Metapopulation Structure And Localized Stability, With Application To Area-Based Fisheries Management, Derek Olson 2016 University of Maine

An Analysis Of Gulf Of Maine Cod Metapopulation Structure And Localized Stability, With Application To Area-Based Fisheries Management, Derek Olson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The complex metapopulation structure of groundfish stocks in the Gulf of Maine, particularly Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), is largely ignored under the current system of broad-scale stock assessment and management. This mismatch of biological and administrative scales has contributed to severe overall stock decline and localized serial depletion of Gulf of Maine cod. Such chronic management failure has led to growing calls for a more area-based, finer-scale approach to managing groundfish in the Gulf of Maine. A primary difficulty hindering the development of finer-scale groundfish management has been the challenge of estimating fishing mortality upon local stock components. However, generic ...


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