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Assessing Relationships Between Angling Effort And Larval Trematodes In Small Bluegill, Alexis Park 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Assessing Relationships Between Angling Effort And Larval Trematodes In Small Bluegill, Alexis Park

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

I wanted to determine if catch-and-release angling increased larval trematodes in small (50-160 mm) bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus). I used angling effort as a proxy for amount of catch-and-release angling. I assumed bluegill assessed, due to their size and age, experienced catch-and-release events. I assessed larval trematode intensity, black spot (Crassiphiala bulboglossa), and white grub (Posthodiplostomum minimum centrarchi), in 750 bluegill. The first objective was to quantify the association between angling effort and reservoir area. Angling effort and reservoir area were positively correlated. The second objective was to determine if angling effort, reservoir area, bluegill age, and total length affect larval ...


Historical Change Of Seagrasses In The Mississippi And Chandeleur Sounds, Linh Thuy Pham 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

Historical Change Of Seagrasses In The Mississippi And Chandeleur Sounds, Linh Thuy Pham

Dissertations

Seagrasses are important coastal resources facing numerous stressors, and losses have been documented from local to global assessments. Under the broad theme of habitat loss and fragmentation, a study of historical change in total area and landscape configuration of seagrasses in the Mississippi and Chandeleur Sounds was conducted. Mapping data was collated from a multitude of previous projects from 1940 to 2011.

Comparisons of seagrass area among various studies that used different mapping methods can result in overestimation of area change and misleading conclusions of change over time. The vegetated seagrass area (VSA) data were generalized to a common resolution ...


The Importance Of Regional And Landscape Context And Climate Change To Northern Bobwhite Management, Frank R. Thompson III 2017 U.S. Forest Service

The Importance Of Regional And Landscape Context And Climate Change To Northern Bobwhite Management, Frank R. Thompson Iii

National Quail Symposium Proceedings

Long-term declines in northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) in the United States are presumably due to decades of habitat loss or degradation at a national scale. Food and fiber production characterized by replacement of open woodlands and savannas by dense forest, intensification of agriculture, and conversion of native grasslands to nonnative pastures have degraded habitats for most grassland and early successional birds. Declines in bobwhite and associated species occurred within this context at a scale that has overwhelmed wildlife management efforts. However, with understanding of scale and context, managers could sustain these species in some future landscapes. Increasing urbanization over the ...


Breeding Season Space Use And Habitat Selection Of Adult Female Scaled And Gambel's Quail In West Texas, Richard A. Temple, Louis Harveson, Ryan S. Luna 2017 Sul Ross State University

Breeding Season Space Use And Habitat Selection Of Adult Female Scaled And Gambel's Quail In West Texas, Richard A. Temple, Louis Harveson, Ryan S. Luna

National Quail Symposium Proceedings

We used radiotelemetry to investigate breeding-season (1 Apr–1 Sep, 2012 and 2013) home ranges and habitat selection of adult female scaled (Callipepla squamata) and Gambel’s quail (C. gambelii) in the eastern Chihuahuan Desert, Texas. Mean breeding-season home range (95% fixed kernel) for scaled quail was 145.02 ± 23.56 ha (range = 22.03–538.24 ha) and 156.32 ± 13.04 ha (range = 66.15– 270.74 ha) for Gambel’s quail. Mean core-use area (50% fixed kernel) for scaled quail was 31.38 ± 4.80 ha (range = 4.03–111.36 ha) and 32.87 ± 2.61 ...


The Saga Of The Masked Bobwhite: Lessons Learned And Unlearned, David E. Brown, Kevin B. Clark 2017 Arizona State University

The Saga Of The Masked Bobwhite: Lessons Learned And Unlearned, David E. Brown, Kevin B. Clark

National Quail Symposium Proceedings

No bird has generated so much interest and controversy as has the masked bobwhite (Colinus virginianus ridgwayi). From its discovery in 1884 to the present, this gallinaceous game bird has captured the attention of hunter-naturalists, ornithologists, collectors, game breeders, conservationists and bureaucrats. Believed threatened with extinction throughout its 130 year history, the masked bobwhite prompted several collecting expeditions, a survey technique study, a plethora of propagation attempts, and the purchase of an 117,464 acre refuge by the federal government, and expenditures totaling millions of dollars. Yet, despite propagated stock existing in a captive facility on Buenos Aires National Wildlife ...


Conservation Status Of The Masked Bobwhite In Sonora, Mexico, David García-Solórzano, Edgardo López-González, Carlos González-Rebeles Islas 2017 Alianza Mexicana para la Conservación de la Vida Silvestre

Conservation Status Of The Masked Bobwhite In Sonora, Mexico, David García-Solórzano, Edgardo López-González, Carlos González-Rebeles Islas

National Quail Symposium Proceedings

The historical distribution of the endangered masked bobwhite (Colinus virginianus ridgwayi) ranged from southern Arizona, United States, to Central Sonora, Mexico. Research in Sonora the past 30 years focused on the largest known populations, near the town of Benjamin Hill on the El Carrizo ranch. Research and perceptions by local residents pointed to a decline in masked bobwhite over the past decade. We evaluated existence of the subspecies during 2013-15 by searching transects and interviewing local residents. Our evaluation yielded no validated observations of masked bobwhite, and subsequently we call for further coordinated population monitoring and the development of technology ...


Survival And Nesting Ecology Of Scaled Quail In The Trans-Pecos, Texas, Carlos E. Gonzalez Gonzalez, Louis A. Harveson, Ryan S. Luna 2017 Sul Ross State University

Survival And Nesting Ecology Of Scaled Quail In The Trans-Pecos, Texas, Carlos E. Gonzalez Gonzalez, Louis A. Harveson, Ryan S. Luna

National Quail Symposium Proceedings

Scaled quail (Callipepla squamata) are one of the most ecologically and economically important wildlife species in the Trans-Pecos, because they are the primary upland game bird in the Chihuahuan Desert. Using radiotelemetry, we evaluated survival (Kaplan–Meier) and nesting success of quail on 3 study sites in the Trans-Pecos, Texas: one (Santiago Mountain Ranch, central Brewster Co.) was supplemented with milo (Sorghum bicolor) year-round, the second (Lado Ranch, south Culberson Co.) never used supplements, and the third (Apache Ranch, central Culberson Co.) was supplemented with quail blocks. We trapped and radiocollared 164 female quail collectively across all study sites, and ...


Efficacy Of A Soft Release Strategy For Translocating Scaled Quail In The Rolling Plains Of Texas, Rebekah E. Ruzicka, Kara B. Campbell, Michelle C. Downey, Dale Rollins, Bradley Kubečka, Matthew Poole, Donald C. Ruthven 2017 Rolling Plains Quail Research Foundation

Efficacy Of A Soft Release Strategy For Translocating Scaled Quail In The Rolling Plains Of Texas, Rebekah E. Ruzicka, Kara B. Campbell, Michelle C. Downey, Dale Rollins, Bradley Kubečka, Matthew Poole, Donald C. Ruthven

National Quail Symposium Proceedings

Scaled Quail (Callipepla squamata) populations have become locally extinct and spatially fragmented in the Rolling Plains ecoregion of Texas. Translocating Scaled Quail from core to declining populations could augment populations or re-establishing extinct populations. Although translocations of scaled quail have been attempted in Texas, none have been documented and none have attempted to identify best practices. Release strategy (i.e., hard or soft release) is a factor that can influence the success of a translocation. Our objective was to compare daily apparent survival of scaled quail translocated to the Rolling Plains between 2 release treatment groups: hard- and soft-release. We ...


Effects Of Source Population And Release Strategy On Survival And Dispersal Of Translocated Scaled Quail In The Rolling Plains Of Texas—A Preliminary Report, Rebekah E. Ruzicka, Dale Rollins 2017 Rolling Plains Quail Research Foundation

Effects Of Source Population And Release Strategy On Survival And Dispersal Of Translocated Scaled Quail In The Rolling Plains Of Texas—A Preliminary Report, Rebekah E. Ruzicka, Dale Rollins

National Quail Symposium Proceedings

Scaled quail (Callipepla squamata) have declined 3.5% annually in Texas from 1966-2013, but declines have not been uniform across the state. The Rolling Plains Ecoregion has experienced a 6.8% decrease during this period, while the western Edwards Plateau has remained stable. Habitat loss that has contributed to scaled quail decline also inhibits recolonization. Translocation has become an increasingly popular tool to reestablish populations for recreational or conservational purposes. Overall success rate of translocations is low and has prompted research into factors that contribute to the establishment of a self-sustaining population. Source population and release strategy are two translocation ...


Changes In Habitat Use Of Montezuma Quail In Response To Tree Canopy Reduction In The Capitan Mountains Of New Mexico, Ryan S. Luna, Elizabeth A. Oaster, Karlee D. Cork, Ryan O'Shaughnessy 2017 Sul Ross State University

Changes In Habitat Use Of Montezuma Quail In Response To Tree Canopy Reduction In The Capitan Mountains Of New Mexico, Ryan S. Luna, Elizabeth A. Oaster, Karlee D. Cork, Ryan O'Shaughnessy

National Quail Symposium Proceedings

Montezuma quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae) are unique among quail with respect to clutch size, diet, covey dynamics, and habitat use. With the exception of a few notable early studies, there is relatively little information on the ecology of Montezuma quail. Pervious research has indicated that one of the primary habitats utilized by Montezuma quail is pinyon–juniper (Pinus spp.–Juniperus spp.) woodlands. Throughout many areas of the southwestern United States, pinyon–juniper woodlands are often targeted for thinning projects. Many studies have been conducted on the amount of canopy cover needed by other quail species. However, data on characteristics of their ...


A Presence-Absence Survey To Monitor Montezuma Quail In Western Texas, Cristela Gonzalez Sanders, Fidel Hernández, Leonard A. Brennan, Andrew N. Tri, Robert Perez 2017 Texas A&M University, Kingsville

A Presence-Absence Survey To Monitor Montezuma Quail In Western Texas, Cristela Gonzalez Sanders, Fidel Hernández, Leonard A. Brennan, Andrew N. Tri, Robert Perez

National Quail Symposium Proceedings

Developing an effective monitoring program for Montezuma quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae) is challenging because the technique must be practical for surveying vast, remote landscapes while accounting for the species’ low detectability. We used call-back surveys within a presence–absence framework to estimate occupancy and detection probability of Montezuma quail and used this information in conjunction with habitat data to develop an estimated probability of occurrence map for the species. We established survey points at 4 sites in western Texas (n = 20–30 points/site) and conducted 5 repeat surveys/season during June–August 2007 and 2008. We documented abiotic conditions (temperature ...


Survival Demographics Of Montezuma Quail In Southeast Arizona, Pedro M. Chavarria, Nova J. Silvy, Roel R. Lopez, Donald S. Davis, Angel Montoya 2017 New Mexico State University

Survival Demographics Of Montezuma Quail In Southeast Arizona, Pedro M. Chavarria, Nova J. Silvy, Roel R. Lopez, Donald S. Davis, Angel Montoya

National Quail Symposium Proceedings

Many facets of Montezuma quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae mearnsi) population dynamics, such as survival and causes of mortality, are unknown because of limited or lack of mark–recapture studies on wild populations of this species. Much of what is known about this species comes from casual observations in the field or from dog-assisted flush-count surveys. Further insight into rate and causes of mortality for this species is necessary to ensure proper conservation measures. We evaluated survival and causes of mortality of Montezuma quail in southeastern Arizona from winter 2007 to spring 2010. Survival was determined from quail captured, radiotagged, and monitored ...


Ranges And Movements Of Montezuma Quail In Southeast Arizona, Pedro M. Chavarria, Nova J. Silvy, Roel R. Lopez, Donald S. Davis, Angel Montoya 2017 New Mexico State University

Ranges And Movements Of Montezuma Quail In Southeast Arizona, Pedro M. Chavarria, Nova J. Silvy, Roel R. Lopez, Donald S. Davis, Angel Montoya

National Quail Symposium Proceedings

Historical assumptions about Montezuma quail movements and home ranges at the population level are limited due to the lack of markrecapture studies on this species from which solid conclusions can be derived. Such information is crucial for estimating population sizes, densities, and rate of emigration and immigration throughout the landscape. Our study examined home range size of 29 Montezuma quail and movements of 65 quail in southeast Arizona from 2008–2010. We used radio telemetry to follow radio-tagged birds in 3 study sites that varied in vegetation composition and topography. Mean home range size (MCP) was about was similar (51 ...


Population Trends And A Revised Management Plan For Quail In California, Katherine S. Miller, Matt G. Meshriy, Scott S. Gardner 2017 Texas A&M University, Kingsville

Population Trends And A Revised Management Plan For Quail In California, Katherine S. Miller, Matt G. Meshriy, Scott S. Gardner

National Quail Symposium Proceedings

California supports a diversity of habitats suitable for mountain quail (Oreortyx pictus), California quail (Callipepla californica), and Gambel’s quail (Callipepla gambelii). These three species require different habitats for foraging, nesting and brood-rearing, and overwinter survival, yet most published information focuses on California quail. Currently the state-wide surveys for quail are limited to the North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) and the Audubon Christmas Bird Count. We used BBS data (1970–2013) to create abundance maps for quail throughout California. We developed 5-year averages to account for boom-and-bust cycles, and then established 100 random points for mountain and California quail ...


Evaluation Of Population Indices And Estimators For Scaled Quail In The Rolling Plains Of Texas, Bradley Kubečka, John T. Edwards, Fidel Hernández, Dale Rollins 2017 Rolling Plains Quail Research Foundation

Evaluation Of Population Indices And Estimators For Scaled Quail In The Rolling Plains Of Texas, Bradley Kubečka, John T. Edwards, Fidel Hernández, Dale Rollins

National Quail Symposium Proceedings

Accurate and precise population indices and estimators are important to gain reliable knowledge and make appropriate management decisions. Indices and estimators for scaled quail (Callipepla squamata), however, have not been evaluated thoroughly. Our objectives are to compare relationships among 8 years of roadside counts, spring call counts, and mark-recapture data obtained from the Rolling Plains Quail Research Ranch in Fisher County, TX, USA. Furthermore, we assess the efficacy of distance-based helicopter surveys as a method for scaled quail density estimates as compared to mark-recapture estimates for 2016–2017.


Effect Of Meso-Mammal Nest Predator Activity On Northern Bobwhite Nest Success, Alexander L. Jackson, William E. Palmer, D. Clay Sisson, Theron M. Terhune II, James A. Martin 2017 University of Georgia

Effect Of Meso-Mammal Nest Predator Activity On Northern Bobwhite Nest Success, Alexander L. Jackson, William E. Palmer, D. Clay Sisson, Theron M. Terhune Ii, James A. Martin

National Quail Symposium Proceedings

Perceived changes in predator-prey dynamics along with documented declines of northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) have created a renewed interest from biologists and managers about the role meso-mammals play in shaping bobwhite population trajectories. As part of a larger effort to understand this predator-prey relationship, we evaluated meso-mammal activity on sites where bobwhite demographic data was simultaneously being collected via radio- telemetry. During 1999–2006 we conducted 66 meso-mammal activity surveys using scent stations on 16 sites in 3 southeastern states (Florida, Georgia, and Alabama). We calculated an index of meso-mammal activity (PI), for each site, as the average number of ...


Habitat, Climate, And Raptors As Factors In The Northern Bobwhite Decline: A Multi-Scale Analysis, John T. Edwards, Fidel Hernández, David B. Wester, Leonard A. Brennan, Chad Parent, Robert Perez 2017 Texas A&M University, Kingsville

Habitat, Climate, And Raptors As Factors In The Northern Bobwhite Decline: A Multi-Scale Analysis, John T. Edwards, Fidel Hernández, David B. Wester, Leonard A. Brennan, Chad Parent, Robert Perez

National Quail Symposium Proceedings

Landscape-level processes such as habitat loss and fragmentation are primarily responsible for the declines in northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus). These landscape processes generally occur at a scale beyond that of traditional quail studies and may involve not only habitat loss and fragmentation but also broad-scale changes in climate trends and predation risk. However, reductions in usable space and changes in habitat configuration at smaller scales may also reduce population viability. It is therefore imperative to study relationships to bobwhite populations at multiple scales. The objective of our research is to quantify to what extent habitat loss and fragmentation, climate, and ...


Landscape Features Affecting Northern Bobwhite Predator-Specific Nest Failures In Southeastern Usa, Susan N. Ellis-Felege, Shannon E. Albeke, Nathan P. Nibbelink, Michael J. Conroy, D. Clay Sisson, William E. Palmer, John P. Carroll 2017 University of North Dakota

Landscape Features Affecting Northern Bobwhite Predator-Specific Nest Failures In Southeastern Usa, Susan N. Ellis-Felege, Shannon E. Albeke, Nathan P. Nibbelink, Michael J. Conroy, D. Clay Sisson, William E. Palmer, John P. Carroll

National Quail Symposium Proceedings

Nest predation is a critical component in avian productivity and typically is the leading cause of nest failure for most birds. Several landscape features are thought to drive the behavioral interaction between northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus; e.g., nest placement) and their predators (e.g., search methods for food acquisition). In order to understand habitat characteristics influencing predation, we studied bobwhite nests using 24-hour near-infrared video cameras. We monitored 675 bobwhite nests with cameras on 3 properties in northern Florida and southern Georgia, USA, during 2000–2006. To test the association between nest failures and specific failure causes with landscape ...


Impacts Of Red Imported Fire Ants On Northern Bobwhite Nest Survival, Angelina M. Haines, D. Clay Sisson, Robert A. Gitzen, Christopher A. Lepczyk, William E. Palmer, Theron M. Terhune II 2017 Auburn University

Impacts Of Red Imported Fire Ants On Northern Bobwhite Nest Survival, Angelina M. Haines, D. Clay Sisson, Robert A. Gitzen, Christopher A. Lepczyk, William E. Palmer, Theron M. Terhune Ii

National Quail Symposium Proceedings

Invasive species are a large management issue because of extensive environmental and economic damage. The red imported fire ant (RIFA, Solenopsis invicta) is an invasive species of growing concern in wildlife management in the United States because of its increasing distribution, difficulty to suppress, and aggressive predation on native invertebrates, herpetofauna, birds, and small mammals. Managers of the northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) have questioned the direct impact of RIFA on bobwhite nest success, particularly the factors that might influence the level of nest predation. We hypothesized that RIFA predation on northern bobwhite would vary by location and correlate with drier ...


Use Of Extinguish Plus™ To Reduce Red Imported Fire Ants And Increase Northern Bobwhite Abundance, James W. Caldwell, Nova J. Silvy, Roel R. Lopez, Fred E. Smeins, Michael E. Morrow, Brian L. Pierce, Israel D. Parker 2017 Texas A&M University, College Station

Use Of Extinguish Plus™ To Reduce Red Imported Fire Ants And Increase Northern Bobwhite Abundance, James W. Caldwell, Nova J. Silvy, Roel R. Lopez, Fred E. Smeins, Michael E. Morrow, Brian L. Pierce, Israel D. Parker

National Quail Symposium Proceedings

Populations of northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) have been declining throughout Texas since at least the 1970s. The red imported fire ant (RIFA, Solenopsis invicta) was introduced from South America and reached Texas by the 1950s. Previous studies have documented the negative effects of RIFA on northern bobwhite populations through both direct predation and indirect reduction of small invertebrates. In 2013, 2014, and 2015, large areas (1,490 ha in 2013 and 2,380 ha in 2014 and 2015) of the 3,744-ha portion of the Attwater Prairie Chicken National Wildlife Refuge (APCNWR) in Colorado County, Texas, were aerially treated with ...


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