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Occurrence And Potential Sources Of Cd, Cu, And Pb In Reach 6 Of The Santa Ana River, May Mamari 2019 California State University, San Bernardino

Occurrence And Potential Sources Of Cd, Cu, And Pb In Reach 6 Of The Santa Ana River, May Mamari

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The Santa Ana River (SAR) is the largest river in Southern California. The flow of the SAR begins in the San Bernardino Mountains and discharges into the Pacific Ocean at Huntington Beach. The SAR contains one of the most essential and rare biodiversity hotspots on earth. In order to protect the wildlife, and suit population demands, the SAR must meet the Clean Water Act (CWA) regulations. The SAR Reach 6 is the uppermost segment of the river, and is currently listed under the CWA 303(d) List for impaired water due to contamination of cadmium, copper, and lead from an ...


Our Envirome, Spring/Summer 2019, Issue 40, 2019 University of Louisville

Our Envirome, Spring/Summer 2019, Issue 40

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Plastic Pollution, Fall/Winter 2019, Issue 39.3, 2019 University of Louisville

Plastic Pollution, Fall/Winter 2019, Issue 39.3

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Plastic Pollution, Fall/Winter 2019, Issue 39.2, 2019 University of Louisville

Plastic Pollution, Fall/Winter 2019, Issue 39.2

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


Plastic Pollution, Fall/Winter 2019, Issue 39, 2019 University of Louisville

Plastic Pollution, Fall/Winter 2019, Issue 39

Sustain Magazine

No abstract provided.


The Energy Policy Act Of 2005: The Rapid Decline Of Jura Majestatis For Communities In Ohio, Alexander Krokus 2019 Mark O. Hatfield Graduate School of Political Science, Portland State University

The Energy Policy Act Of 2005: The Rapid Decline Of Jura Majestatis For Communities In Ohio, Alexander Krokus

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

Since Nobel Prize recipient Svante Arrhenius realized that fossil fuel combustion increased CO2 emissions in our atmosphere in 1896, scientists and policy makers have acknowledged the calamitous potential for the oil and gas industry to render substantial deleterious effects on ecosystems. Yet in 2016, the U.S. utilized fossil fuels to facilitate 80.9% of all energy consumption.1 Subsequent to the passage of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission vastly encouraged outside economic investment into our oil and gas infrastructure. Natural resources situated in geologic formations that possess low permeability, which were once considered ...


Climate Science Special Report: Fourth National Climate Assessment (Nca4), Volume I, Donald J. Wuebbles, David W. Fahey, Kathy A. Hibbard, Jeff R. Arnold, Benjamin DeAngelo, Sarah Doherty, David R. Easterling, James Edmonds, Timothy Edmonds, Timolthy Hall, Katharine Hayhoe, Forest M. Huffman, Radley Horton, Deborah Huntzinger, Libby Jewett, Thomas Knutson, Robert E. Kopp, James P. Kossin, Kenneth E. Kunkel, Allegra N. LeGrande, L. Ruby Leung, Wieslaw Maslowski, Carl Mears, Judith Perlwitz, Anastasia Romanou, Benjamin M. Sanderson, William V. Sweet, Patrick C. Taoylor, Robert J. Trapp, Russell S. Vose, Duane E. Waliser, Michael F. Wehner, Tristram O. West, Richard Alley, C. Taylor Armstrong, John Bruno, Shallin Busch, Sarah Champion, Imke Durre, Dwight Gledhill, Justin Goldstein, Boyin Huang, Hari Krishnan, Lisa Levin, Frank Muller-Karger, Alan Rhoades, Laura Stevens, Liqiang Sun, Eugene Takle, Paul Ullrich, Eugene Wahl, John Walsh 2019 University of Illinois

Climate Science Special Report: Fourth National Climate Assessment (Nca4), Volume I, Donald J. Wuebbles, David W. Fahey, Kathy A. Hibbard, Jeff R. Arnold, Benjamin Deangelo, Sarah Doherty, David R. Easterling, James Edmonds, Timothy Edmonds, Timolthy Hall, Katharine Hayhoe, Forest M. Huffman, Radley Horton, Deborah Huntzinger, Libby Jewett, Thomas Knutson, Robert E. Kopp, James P. Kossin, Kenneth E. Kunkel, Allegra N. Legrande, L. Ruby Leung, Wieslaw Maslowski, Carl Mears, Judith Perlwitz, Anastasia Romanou, Benjamin M. Sanderson, William V. Sweet, Patrick C. Taoylor, Robert J. Trapp, Russell S. Vose, Duane E. Waliser, Michael F. Wehner, Tristram O. West, Richard Alley, C. Taylor Armstrong, John Bruno, Shallin Busch, Sarah Champion, Imke Durre, Dwight Gledhill, Justin Goldstein, Boyin Huang, Hari Krishnan, Lisa Levin, Frank Muller-Karger, Alan Rhoades, Laura Stevens, Liqiang Sun, Eugene Takle, Paul Ullrich, Eugene Wahl, John Walsh

Eugene Takle

New observations and new research have increased our understanding of past, current, and future climate change since the Third U.S. National Climate Assessment (NCA3) was published in May 2014. This Climate Science Special Report (CSSR) is designed to capture that new information and build on the existing body of science in order to summarize the current state of knowledge and provide the scientific foundation for the Fourth National Climate Assessment (NCA4).


Midwest, Jim Angel, Chris Swanston, Barbara Mayes Boustead, Kathryn C. Conlon, Kimberly R. Hall, Jenna L. Jorns, Kenneth E. Kunkel, Maria Carmen Lemos, Brent Lofgren, Todd A. Ontl, John Posey, Kim Stone, Eugene Takle, Dennis Todey 2019 University of Illinois

Midwest, Jim Angel, Chris Swanston, Barbara Mayes Boustead, Kathryn C. Conlon, Kimberly R. Hall, Jenna L. Jorns, Kenneth E. Kunkel, Maria Carmen Lemos, Brent Lofgren, Todd A. Ontl, John Posey, Kim Stone, Eugene Takle, Dennis Todey

Eugene Takle

The Midwest is home to over 60 million people, and its active economy represents 18% of the U.S. gross domestic product. The region is probably best known for agricultural production. Increases in growingseason temperature in the Midwest are projected to be the largest contributing factor to declines in the productivity of U.S. agriculture. Increases in humidity in spring through mid-century are expected to increase rainfall, which will increase the potential for soil erosion and further reduce planting-season workdays due to waterlogged soil.


Federal Jurisdiction For Above-Ground Oil Storage Tanks: A Practical Analysis For Navigating Federal Regulations, Kathryn Hussong 2019 St. Mary's University School of Law

Federal Jurisdiction For Above-Ground Oil Storage Tanks: A Practical Analysis For Navigating Federal Regulations, Kathryn Hussong

St. Mary's Law Journal

Clear, consistent, and concise jurisdictional boundaries will aid pipeline operators to determine which regulations apply to their operations and associated facilities. This will help alleviate legal and financial risk to pipeline operators, who may be liable for noncompliance regardless of whether the pipeline operator or the associated refinery commits the violation. Overlapping state and federal regulations of pipelines and refineries has created confusion amongst operators regarding what regulations apply to their facilities. Three federal agencies—the Pipeline and Hazardous Safety Administration (PHMSA), the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) respectively—and a myriad of state ...


How Pennsylvanians Define Environmental Justice, Kayla Hofmann 2019 Ursinus College

How Pennsylvanians Define Environmental Justice, Kayla Hofmann

Sociology Summer Fellows

The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) defines an environmental justice area as any census tract that partially or wholly includes a 30 percent or greater minority population or 20 percent or more of a population living in poverty. However, little is known about how the average Pennsylvanian defines environmental justice, hindering our ability to determine whether the current definition is adequate. Using transcripts from nine listening sessions on the DEP’s tour of affected counties, I address 3 questions: (1) How do people define environmental justice? (2) What do people think are the most pressing issues in each county ...


Renewable Energy Access And Resilience In Urban Developing Areas: Distributed Solar Networks And Peer-To-Peer Energy Trading In Puerto Rico, Pascale Bronder 2019 Yale University

Renewable Energy Access And Resilience In Urban Developing Areas: Distributed Solar Networks And Peer-To-Peer Energy Trading In Puerto Rico, Pascale Bronder

Harvey M. Applebaum ’59 Award

This senior essay under the Environmental Studies major at Yale University explores the environmental and social benefits of applying innovative technology to the energy sector. Three types of energy networks are analyzed, focusing on the use of distributed energy and peer to peer energy trading on a blockchain platform. The benefits of distributed renewable energy networks can most strongly be applied to locations in need of more reliable, resilient, and cost-effective electricity. Puerto Rico is a case study. Methods include analysis of U.S. Energy Information Administration and Census Bureau data as well as personal interviews with Puerto Rican energy ...


Assessment Of Excess Thyroid Cancer Risk Following A Hypothetical Radiological Incident In Louisiana And Best-Case Risk Reduction Achieved By Thyroid Blockade, Garrett A. Otis 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Assessment Of Excess Thyroid Cancer Risk Following A Hypothetical Radiological Incident In Louisiana And Best-Case Risk Reduction Achieved By Thyroid Blockade, Garrett A. Otis

LSU Master's Theses

Radioactive isotopes of iodine are produced by nuclear power plants as a byproduct of nuclear fission reactions. If these isotopes are released into the environment, such as during a breach of containment, they constitute a health risk to exposed individuals. To mitigate the risk of thyroid cancer due to exposure to radioactive iodine, “iodide prophylaxis,” also known as “thyroid blockade,” can be used, usually by administration of potassium iodide (KI). In some areas of the world, KI has been provided to the general public by their governments as a precautionary measure against potential nuclear power plant incidents. However, in the ...


Microplastic Concentrations In Two Oregon Bivalve Species: Spatial, Temporal, And Species Variability, Britta Baechler, Elise F. Granek, Matthew V. Hunter, Kathleen E. Conn 2019 Portland State University

Microplastic Concentrations In Two Oregon Bivalve Species: Spatial, Temporal, And Species Variability, Britta Baechler, Elise F. Granek, Matthew V. Hunter, Kathleen E. Conn

Environmental Science and Management Datasets

Microplastics are an ecological stressor with implications for ecosystem and human health when present in seafood. We quantified microplastic types, concentrations, anatomical burdens, geographic distribution, and temporal differences in Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) and Pacific razor clams (Siliqua patula) from 15 Oregon coast, U.S.A. sites. Organisms were chemically digested and visually analyzed for microplastics, and material type was determined using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy. Microplastics were present in organisms from all sites. On average, whole oysters and razor clams contained 10.95 ± 0.77 and 8.84 ± 0.45 microplastic pieces per individual, or 0.35 ± 0.04 ...


An Urban Karst Aquifer Resource Evaluation And Monitoring Toolbox, Rachel Anne Kaiser 2019 Western Kentucky University

An Urban Karst Aquifer Resource Evaluation And Monitoring Toolbox, Rachel Anne Kaiser

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

In urban karst areas, such as the City of Bowling Green, Kentucky and the Tampa Bay Metropolitan Area, groundwater quality faces a variety of threats. The development of residential, commercial, and industrial landuse types allows for a wide variety of groundwater pollutants to enter the karst groundwater systems. Various different models and indices have attempted evaluative approaches to identify issues in urban karst areas, but the methods vary by location and lack a focus on urban karst groundwater quality. There also exists a lack of a data-driven approach that is able to capture short- and long-term changes in threats to ...


Assessment Of Spray Polyurethane Foam Worker Exposure To Organophosphate Flame Retardants Through Measures In Air, Hand Wipes, And Urine, CF Estill, J Slone, et al, MJ La Guardia, et al 2019 Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Assessment Of Spray Polyurethane Foam Worker Exposure To Organophosphate Flame Retardants Through Measures In Air, Hand Wipes, And Urine, Cf Estill, J Slone, Et Al, Mj La Guardia, Et Al

VIMS Articles

Tris(1-chloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TCPP, also referenced as TCIPP), a flame retardant used in spray polyurethane foam insulation, increases cell toxicity and affects fetal development. Spray polyurethane foam workers have the potential to be exposed to TCPP during application. In this study, we determined exposure to TCPP and concentrations of the urinary biomarker bis(1-chloro-2-propyl) phosphate (BCPP) among 29 spray polyurethane foam workers over 2 work days. Work was conducted at residential or commercial facilities using both open-cell (low density) and closed-cell (high density) foam. Study participants provided two personal air samples (Day 1 and Day 2), two hand wipe samples ...


Shale Play: Poems And Photographs From The Fracking Fields By Julia Spicher Kasdorf And Steven Rubin, Kelly Shepherd 2019 Northern Alberta Institute of Technology

Shale Play: Poems And Photographs From The Fracking Fields By Julia Spicher Kasdorf And Steven Rubin, Kelly Shepherd

The Goose

Review of Julia Spicher Kasdorf and Steven Rubin's Shale Play: Poems and Photographs from the Fracking Fields


Incorporating Antecedent Soil Moisture Into Streamflow Forecasting, Abdoul Oubeidillah, Glenn Tootle, Thomas Piechota 2019 University of Texas-Rio Grande Valley

Incorporating Antecedent Soil Moisture Into Streamflow Forecasting, Abdoul Oubeidillah, Glenn Tootle, Thomas Piechota

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

This study incorporates antecedent (preceding) soil moisture into forecasting streamflow volumes within the North Platte River Basin, Colorado/Wyoming (USA). The incorporation of antecedent soil moisture accounts for infiltration and can improve streamflow predictions. Current Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) forecasting methods are replicated, and a comparison is drawn between current NRCS forecasts and proposed forecasting methods using antecedent soil moisture. Current predictors used by the NRCS in regression-based streamflow forecasting include precipitation, streamflow persistence (previous season streamflow volume) and snow water equivalent (SWE) from SNOTEL (snow telemetry) sites. Proposed methods utilize antecedent soil moisture as a predictor variable in ...


Process-Based Modeling Of The Dairy- Mckay Watershed To Inform Monitoring For Agricultural Best Management Practices, Brittany Saeman 2019 Portland State University

Process-Based Modeling Of The Dairy- Mckay Watershed To Inform Monitoring For Agricultural Best Management Practices, Brittany Saeman

Master of Environmental Management Project Reports

The project described in this paper specifically looks at the influence of land management practices on water quality, specifically total phosphorus (TP) loads in the Dairy McKay Watershed (DMW). The project is being used to inform a water quality monitoring plan for the Oregon DEQ via outputs from a SWAT model. The DMW is known to have high TP levels that are linked to low dissolved oxygen levels in the Tualatin River. There is a total maximum daily load (TMDL) for the Tualatin River that specifies target TP levels coming out of the DMW, if met these targets are met ...


Law Library Blog (June 2019): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School of Law 2019 Roger Williams University

Law Library Blog (June 2019): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Law Library Newsletters/Blog

No abstract provided.


Assessment Of Agricultural Drought Considering The Hydrological Cycle And Crop Phenology In The Korean Peninsula, Chul-Hee Lim, Seung Hee Kim, Jong Ahn Chun, Menas Kafatos, Woo-Kyun Lee 2019 Korea University

Assessment Of Agricultural Drought Considering The Hydrological Cycle And Crop Phenology In The Korean Peninsula, Chul-Hee Lim, Seung Hee Kim, Jong Ahn Chun, Menas Kafatos, Woo-Kyun Lee

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Hydrological changes attributable to global warming increase the severity and frequency of droughts, which in turn affect agriculture. Hence, we proposed the Standardized Agricultural Drought Index (SADI), which is a new drought index specialized for agriculture and crops, and evaluated current and expected droughts in the Korean Peninsula. The SADI applies crop phenology to the hydrological cycle, which is a basic element that assesses drought. The SADI of rice and maize was calculated using representative hydrological variables (precipitation, evapotranspiration, and runoff) of the crop growing season. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of SADI, the three-month Standardized Precipitation Index, which ...


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