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Agronomic Management Practice Effects On Particulate Organic Matter And Infiltration In A Wheat-Soybean, Double-Crop System In Eastern Arkansas, Johan Desrochers 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Agronomic Management Practice Effects On Particulate Organic Matter And Infiltration In A Wheat-Soybean, Double-Crop System In Eastern Arkansas, Johan Desrochers

Theses and Dissertations

Improving the understanding of conventional and alternative management practices and their interactions on aggregate-derived particulate organic matter (POM) fractions and soil hydraulic properties, particularly infiltration, is instrumental to soil and groundwater management and long-term sustainability in the Lower Mississippi River Delta (LMRD) region of eastern Arkansas. The objective of this long-term wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)-soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr.), double-crop (WSDC) field study in a silt-loam soil (Glossaquic Fraglossudalf) in the LMRD region of eastern Arkansas was to evaluate the effects of conventional and alternative management practices, including wheat-residue level, residue burning, tillage and irrigation, on i) POM fractions ...


Aquifers Of Nebraska Ii: The Niobrara Aquifer, Dana Divine, Robert Matthew Joeckel, Sue Olafsen Lackey 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Aquifers Of Nebraska Ii: The Niobrara Aquifer, Dana Divine, Robert Matthew Joeckel, Sue Olafsen Lackey

Conservation and Survey Division

The marine shale, chalk, marl, and chalky limestone of the Niobrara Formation directly underlie Quaternary sediments in 23 counties from south-central to northeastern Nebraska. Nevertheless, the formation serves as an aquifer only in and around Cedar, Madison, and Nuckolls counties. Niobrara aquifer wells mostly supply irrigation, domestic, and livestock needs. Two hundred of the approximately 230 active registered wells in Nebraska that are screened entirely in the Niobrara aquifer are in Cedar County and environs. About another 200 wells in this area are screened in both the Niobrara aquifer and overlying Quaternary sediments. Wells screened entirely in the Niobrara aquifer ...


Non-Methane Hydrocarbon Source Apportionment And Btex Risk Assessment Of Winter 2015 In Roosevelt, Utah, Jerimiah Lamb 2017 Utah State University

Non-Methane Hydrocarbon Source Apportionment And Btex Risk Assessment Of Winter 2015 In Roosevelt, Utah, Jerimiah Lamb

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Non-Methane Hydrocarbons (NMHC) monitored in Roosevelt Utah including Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene and Xylene (collectively known as BTEX) are associated with deleterious effects including cancer. This study was designed to assess the origin and effect of the toxicants and addressed two points: 1) Source identification using the USEPA’s Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) and NOAA’s Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT) model and 2) A human health risk assessment based on ambient concentrations of BTEX collected at the Roosevelt site. Model fit indicated that the primary contributor to total NMHCs was local oil and gas operations and was supported ...


Understanding Cigarette Butt Littering Behavior On A Public Beach: A Case Study Of Jekyll Island, Maranda R. Miller, Mark E. Burbach 2017 University of Nebraska at Lincoln

Understanding Cigarette Butt Littering Behavior On A Public Beach: A Case Study Of Jekyll Island, Maranda R. Miller, Mark E. Burbach

Conservation and Survey Division

Conservation of natural resources and promotion of family-friendly tourism activities are vital to Jekyll Island. As it is stated in the Jekyll Island Authority (JIA) Master Plan “Jekyll Island is a unique, state-owned barrier island that balances conserving and preserving natural, historic, and cultural resources with providing accessible, affordable recreation, vacation, and education opportunities for the people of Georgia and beyond” (Jekyll Island Authority, 2014b, p. 4). The JIA has reported approximately 1 million people visit the island annually (Jekyll Island Authority, 2015). As such, tourism is instrumental to Jekyll Island’s economy, and that tourism contributes to the overall ...


The Effect Of Preflood Nitrogen And Flood Establishment Timing On Rice Development, Nitrogen Uptake And Grain Yield, Tyler Richmond 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Effect Of Preflood Nitrogen And Flood Establishment Timing On Rice Development, Nitrogen Uptake And Grain Yield, Tyler Richmond

Theses and Dissertations

Urea-N fertilizer is typically applied at the 5-leaf stage to rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown in a dry-seeded, delayed-flood production system. How long the preflood-N can be delayed without adverse effects on yield potential is poorly understood. The research objective was to determine the effects of preflood-N application and flood establishment timing on aboveground-N content, 50% heading, yield components, and grain yield. Trials were established on silt loam soils at the Pine Tree Research Station (PTRS) and Rice Research and Extension Center (RREC) during 2015 and 2016. Urea-N was applied at 0, 45, 90, 135, and 180 kg N ha-1 ...


An Evaluation Of Borehole Hydraulic Conductivity Equations And Field Determined Soil Water Characteristic Curves, Johnathan Dale Blanchard 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

An Evaluation Of Borehole Hydraulic Conductivity Equations And Field Determined Soil Water Characteristic Curves, Johnathan Dale Blanchard

Theses and Dissertations

The methods utilized to determine the hydraulic conductivity of compacted clay liners (CCLs) are of importance for safe guarding the environment from landfill leachate. Therefore, the methods utilized in the analysis of the Two Stage Borehole (TSB) test, as described in the ASTM D6391-11 (Method A, B, and C) standard, were evaluated. Data from hydraulic conductivity tests, as performed on three test pads, were utilized to review the ASTM D6391-11 equations. Additionally, two test pads were instrumented with volumetric water content and soil water matric potential sensors to facilitate the determination of field-obtained soil water characteristic curves (SWCCs) and hydraulic ...


An Optical Method For Carbon Dioxide Isotopes And Mole Fractions In Small Gas Samples: Tracing Microbial Respiration From Soil, Litter, And Lignin, Steven J. Hall, Wenjuan Huang, Kenneth E. Hammel 2017 Iowa State University

An Optical Method For Carbon Dioxide Isotopes And Mole Fractions In Small Gas Samples: Tracing Microbial Respiration From Soil, Litter, And Lignin, Steven J. Hall, Wenjuan Huang, Kenneth E. Hammel

Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology Publications

Rationale

Carbon dioxide isotope (δ13C value) measurements enable quantification of the sources of soil microbial respiration, thus informing ecosystem C dynamics. Tunable diode lasers (TDLs) can precisely measure CO2 isotopes at low cost and high throughput, but are seldom used for small samples (≤5 mL). We developed a TDL method for CO2 mole fraction ([CO2]) and δ13C analysis of soil microcosms.

Methods

Peaks in infrared absorbance following constant volume sample injection to a carrier were used to independently measure [12CO2] and [13CO2] for subsequent calculation of δ13C values. Using parallel soil incubations receiving differing C substrates, we partitioned respiration from ...


Surface Soil Moisture Dynamics From Remote Sensing, Modeling, And In Situ Observations, Peter Judd Shellito 2017 University of Colorado at Boulder

Surface Soil Moisture Dynamics From Remote Sensing, Modeling, And In Situ Observations, Peter Judd Shellito

Geological Sciences Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Soil moisture content plays a central role in the coupled water and energy exchange between the land surface and the atmosphere. It also controls infiltration rates and is therefore key to predicting groundwater recharge and discharge. Land Surface Models (LSMs) use meteorologic data with parameterizations of local soil and vegetation conditions to simulate soil moisture, runoff, and turbulent fluxes. Accurate predictions of droughts, floods, crop productivity, and climate change depend on our ability to understand and model the state and dynamics of surface soil moisture.

Satellite-based remote sensing missions provides global coverage and

therefore offer the potential to improve existing ...


Assessing The Periodic Groundwater Flow Conditions Of A Perched Aquifer System In The Daniel Boone National Forest, Ethan Sweet 2017 Murray State University

Assessing The Periodic Groundwater Flow Conditions Of A Perched Aquifer System In The Daniel Boone National Forest, Ethan Sweet

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Assessing the Periodic Groundwater Flow Conditions of a Perched Aquifer System in the Daniel Boone National Forest

Ethan Sweet and Jonathan Malzone

Eastern Kentucky University, Department of Geosciences

Natural ephemeral wetlands situated among the ridge-tops in the Daniel Boone National Forest serve as reservoirs that recharge a shallow groundwater system. Unique interactions between surface and groundwater in these isolated systems provide substantial support for the native ecosystem, serving as a breeding ground for amphibians and as source water for vegetation—especially in periods of drought. Currently it is not understood how groundwater could provide regional biodiversity, a drought buffer, or ...


Soil Properties In Varying Crop And Non-Crop Areas Of Calloway County, Kentucky, Zack Eells, Canaan Wring, Clay Smotherman, Connor Moore 2017 Murray State University

Soil Properties In Varying Crop And Non-Crop Areas Of Calloway County, Kentucky, Zack Eells, Canaan Wring, Clay Smotherman, Connor Moore

Scholars Week

Soil Properties in Varying Crop and Non-Crop Areas of Calloway County, Kentucky

Zack Eells, Clay Smotherman, Canaan Wring, Connor Moore, Iin Handayani, and Brian Parr

Murray State University, Hutson School of Agriculture, Kentucky, USA

Abstract

Cropping practices leading to loss of soil organic matter thus can alter other soil properties. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of crop and non-crop areas on soils. Disturbed and undisturbed soil samples were collected from different fields of corn, soybeans, tobacco, pasture, and wooded areas in the Southwest portion of Calloway County, Kentucky on September 8, 2017. The properties observed ...


Geology Of Northeastern Nebraska And Environs: Cedar, Dakota, And Dixon Counties In Nebraska, And Plymouth And Woodbury County In Iowa, Robert Matthew Joeckel, Dana Divine, P.R. Hanson, Leslie M. Howard 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Geology Of Northeastern Nebraska And Environs: Cedar, Dakota, And Dixon Counties In Nebraska, And Plymouth And Woodbury County In Iowa, Robert Matthew Joeckel, Dana Divine, P.R. Hanson, Leslie M. Howard

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Silver Engineered Nanomaterials And Ions Elicit Species-Specific O2 Consumption Responses In Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria, Ricky W. Lewis, Jason M. Unrine, Paul M. Bertsch, David H. McNear Jr. 2017 University of Kentucky

Silver Engineered Nanomaterials And Ions Elicit Species-Specific O2 Consumption Responses In Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria, Ricky W. Lewis, Jason M. Unrine, Paul M. Bertsch, David H. Mcnear Jr.

Plant and Soil Sciences Faculty Publications

Metal containing engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) are now commonly used in various industrial and commercial applications. Many of these materials can be transformed during waste water treatment and ultimately enter terrestrial ecosystems via agriculturally applied biosolids. It is unclear how agriculturally important soil microbes will be affected by exposure to environmentally relevant, sublethal concentrations of ENMs and their transformation products (i.e., ions, aggregates, etc.). A method was developed, which puts O2 consumption responses in terms of viability, and tested by examining the toxic effects of Ag+, Zn2+, and Ni2+ ions on the plant growth promoting rhizobacterium (PGPR ...


Prairie Strips Improve Biodiversity And The Delivery Of Multiple Ecosystem Services From Corn–Soybean Croplands, John C. Tyndall, Lisa A. Schulte-Moore, Jarad Niemi, Matthew J. Helmers, Matthew Z. Liebman, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr., David E. James, Randall K. Kalka, Matthew E. O'Neal, Mark D. Tomer, Heidi Asbjornsen, Pauline Drobney, Jeri Neal, Gary Van Ryswyk, Christopher C. Witte 2017 Iowa State University

Prairie Strips Improve Biodiversity And The Delivery Of Multiple Ecosystem Services From Corn–Soybean Croplands, John C. Tyndall, Lisa A. Schulte-Moore, Jarad Niemi, Matthew J. Helmers, Matthew Z. Liebman, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr., David E. James, Randall K. Kalka, Matthew E. O'Neal, Mark D. Tomer, Heidi Asbjornsen, Pauline Drobney, Jeri Neal, Gary Van Ryswyk, Christopher C. Witte

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications

Loss of biodiversity and degradation of ecosystem services from agricultural lands remain important challenges in the United States despite decades of spending on natural resource management. To date, conservation investment has emphasized engineering practices or vegetative strategies centered on monocultural plantings of nonnative plants, largely excluding native species from cropland. In a catchment-scale experiment, we quantified the multiple effects of integrating strips of native prairie species amid corn and soybean crops, with prairie strips arranged to arrest run-off on slopes. Replacing 10% of cropland with prairie strips increased biodiversity and ecosystem services with minimal impacts on crop production. Compared with ...


Iron Reduction: A Mechanism For Dynamic Cycling Of Occluded Cations In Tropical Forest Soils?, Steven J. Hall, Wenjuan Huang 2017 Iowa State University

Iron Reduction: A Mechanism For Dynamic Cycling Of Occluded Cations In Tropical Forest Soils?, Steven J. Hall, Wenjuan Huang

Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology Publications

Nutrient cations can limit plant productivity in highly weathered soils, but have received much less attention than phosphorus and nitrogen. The reduction of iron (Fe) in anaerobic microsites of surface soils can solubilize organic matter and P sorbed or occluded with short-range-ordered (SRO) Fe phases. This mechanism might also release occluded cations. In the Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico, we measured cation release during anaerobic laboratory incubations, and assessed patterns of cation availability in surface soils spanning ridge-slope-valley catenas. During anaerobic incubations, potassium (K), calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) significantly increased with reduced Fe (Fe(II)) in both water and ...


Managing Nitrous Oxide Emissions In Agricultural Fields, Mark S. Coyne, Wei Ren 2017 University of Kentucky

Managing Nitrous Oxide Emissions In Agricultural Fields, Mark S. Coyne, Wei Ren

Mark S. Coyne

Agriculture is a major contributor to atmospheric nitrous oxide (N2O) (Smith et al., 2014; Tian et al., 2015). Unfortunately, nitrous oxide destroys stratospheric ozone (O3) which protects us from ultraviolet radiation (Cicerone, 1989) and it increases ground level O3, whichis an air pollutant threatening human health and food production. Nitrous oxide is also 298 times more potent than an equivalent amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) in terms of trapping and absorbing reflected solar radiation (Forster et al., 2007). Basic chemistry and physics assure us that increased levels of N2O in the atmosphere are ...


Veress M., 2016. Covered Karsts, Reza Khoshraftar 2017 University of Zanjan

Veress M., 2016. Covered Karsts, Reza Khoshraftar

International Journal of Speleology

No abstract provided.


Evaluating This Year’S Cropping Systems, Mark Licht, Sotirios Archontoulis 2017 Iowa State University

Evaluating This Year’S Cropping Systems, Mark Licht, Sotirios Archontoulis

Agronomy Publications

Today’s agricultural goals of high yields with low environmental impact are far too complex when combined with dynamic weather conditions. Achieving this complex goal requires agronomy to move beyond single-factor experiments to research that investigates multiple factors or processes. With traditional experimentation, it is nearly impossible to explore the full range of interactions created by different soils, cultivars, management practices and weather conditions.


The Soybean Rfg1 Gene Restricts Nodulation By Sinorhizobium Fredii Usda193, Yinglun Fan, Jinge Liu, Shanhua Lyu, Qi Wang, Shengming Yang, Hongyan Zhu 2017 University of Kentucky

The Soybean Rfg1 Gene Restricts Nodulation By Sinorhizobium Fredii Usda193, Yinglun Fan, Jinge Liu, Shanhua Lyu, Qi Wang, Shengming Yang, Hongyan Zhu

Plant and Soil Sciences Faculty Publications

Sinorhizobium fredii is a fast-growing rhizobial species that can establish a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with a wide range of legume species including soybeans (Glycine max). In soybeans, this interaction shows a high level of specificity such that particular S. fredii strains nodulate only a limited set of plant genotypes. Here we report the identification of a dominant gene in soybeans that restricts nodulation with S. fredii USDA193. Genetic mapping in an F2 population revealed co-segregation of the underlying locus with the previously cloned Rfg1 gene. The Rfg1 allele encodes a member of the Toll-interleukin receptor/nucleotide-binding site/leucine-rich repeat class of ...


Managing Nitrous Oxide Emissions In Agricultural Fields, Mark S. Coyne, Wei Ren 2017 University of Kentucky

Managing Nitrous Oxide Emissions In Agricultural Fields, Mark S. Coyne, Wei Ren

Plant and Soil Sciences Research Report

Agriculture is a major contributor to atmospheric nitrous oxide (N2O) (Smith et al., 2014; Tian et al., 2015). Unfortunately, nitrous oxide destroys stratospheric ozone (O3) which protects us from ultraviolet radiation (Cicerone, 1989) and it increases ground level O3, whichis an air pollutant threatening human health and food production. Nitrous oxide is also 298 times more potent than an equivalent amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) in terms of trapping and absorbing reflected solar radiation (Forster et al., 2007). Basic chemistry and physics assure us that increased levels of N2O in the atmosphere are ...


Holdrege: Nebraska's State Soil, University of Nebraska - Lincoln 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Holdrege: Nebraska's State Soil, University Of Nebraska - Lincoln

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


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