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Using Geological Facies To Estimate Chromate Sorption To Soils, Victoria Smith, Daja Scurlock, Chauntilena Butler, Eddie Hollins, Kennedy Smith, Tim Spearman, Christina Fulghum, John Dickson, Daniel I. Kaplan, Miles Denham, Garriet Smith 2018 Delaware State University

Using Geological Facies To Estimate Chromate Sorption To Soils, Victoria Smith, Daja Scurlock, Chauntilena Butler, Eddie Hollins, Kennedy Smith, Tim Spearman, Christina Fulghum, John Dickson, Daniel I. Kaplan, Miles Denham, Garriet Smith

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

Quantifying the extent to which contaminant metals bind to subsurface soils is important for risk assessment, the tendency for a contaminant to migrate, and developing environmental remediation strategies. Unfortunately, subsurface soils vary widely in their composition, which in turn affect their tendency to bind metals. The hypothesis of this study was predicated on how a better understanding of geological facies would reduce uncertainty associated with predicting contaminant metal sorption. Facies are layers of sediment deposited in the subsurface due to similar depositional conditions, including energy of an overlying waterway. As such, facies are expected to have similar assemblages of minerals ...


Soil Conservation Efforts Affecting And Implementations To Help Tree Growth In Iceland, Justin Lawlor 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Soil Conservation Efforts Affecting And Implementations To Help Tree Growth In Iceland, Justin Lawlor

Student Works

The purpose of this research was to understand and project the opinions of the public in Iceland on soil conservation and current efforts. The issue of soil erosion dates back to settlement around 1,100 years ago. The loss of vegetation from deforestation and grazing exposes the land to the effects of wind, water, and other devastating elements, leading it to erode away. The Soil Conservation Service of Iceland (SCSI) was developed to combat this issue over 100 years ago with efforts including planting trees, promoting safe farming practices, and replenishing the land. Interviews were conducted with various individuals, including ...


Column Tests Of Nitrate Breakthrough Behavior In Subsurface Sediments To Understand Transport In The Root-Zone, Rebecca Sally Haworth, Emma Rose Goodwin 2018 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Column Tests Of Nitrate Breakthrough Behavior In Subsurface Sediments To Understand Transport In The Root-Zone, Rebecca Sally Haworth, Emma Rose Goodwin

Natural Resources Management and Environmental Sciences

No abstract provided.


A Quantitative Analysis Of The Effects Of Urbanization, Mesophication And Prescribed Burns On Oak Woodlands In The Chicago Metropolitan Area, Chad Populorum 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

A Quantitative Analysis Of The Effects Of Urbanization, Mesophication And Prescribed Burns On Oak Woodlands In The Chicago Metropolitan Area, Chad Populorum

Celebration of Learning

Urban expansion has had devastating impacts on forest ecosystems, especially within the past century. Human attempts to dominate nature have diminished natural disturbance regimes, which have maintained the biodiversity and historic composition of these ecosystems. Fires have been a prominent force in maintaining the structure of oak, hickory and other heliophytic (sun loving and fire-adapted) forest systems. Human induced fire suppression has led to mesophication across North America. Mesophication is the transition from drier conditions with open canopies to wetter conditions with closed canopies. These new conditions decrease the survival rates of these important species and begin to favor mesophytic ...


Results Of Test-Hole Drilling For Observation Well Planning In The Lower Loup Natural Resources District, Spring 2017, Douglas R. Hallum P.G., Sue Olafsen Lackey, Steven S. Sibray 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Results Of Test-Hole Drilling For Observation Well Planning In The Lower Loup Natural Resources District, Spring 2017, Douglas R. Hallum P.G., Sue Olafsen Lackey, Steven S. Sibray

Conservation and Survey Division

The High Plains Aquifer underlies much of Nebraska. It is the primary source of groundwater within the Lower Loup Natural Resources District (LLNRD) of central Nebraska. Water derived from the aquifer is an important natural resource for the area and supplies water for recreation, wildlife and agriculture, as well as domestic, municipal, and industrial uses. Falling spring water levels measured in existing observation and irrigation wells have raised concerns about possible changes in water availability, groundwater-surface water relationships and water quality in the area, prompting the LLNRD to propose test holes and the collection of additional groundwater data in the ...


Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender 2018 Fordham University

Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender

Student Theses 2015-Present

This paper aims to shed light on the dissonance caused by the superimposition of Dominant Human Systems on Natural Systems. I highlight the synthetic nature of Dominant Human Systems as egoic and linguistic phenomenon manufactured by a mere portion of the human population, which renders them inherently oppressive unto peoples and landscapes whose wisdom were barred from the design process. In pursuing a radical pragmatic approach to mending the simultaneous oppression and destruction of the human being and the earth, I highlight the necessity of minimizing entropic chaos caused by excess energy expenditure, an essential feature of systems that aim ...


Summary Of Thermo–Time Domain Reflectometry Method: Advances In Monitoring In Situ Soil Bulk Density, Yili Lu, Xiaona Liu, Meng Zhang, Joshua Heitman, Robert Horton, Tusheng Ren 2018 China Agricultural University

Summary Of Thermo–Time Domain Reflectometry Method: Advances In Monitoring In Situ Soil Bulk Density, Yili Lu, Xiaona Liu, Meng Zhang, Joshua Heitman, Robert Horton, Tusheng Ren

Agronomy Publications

Soil bulk density (ρb) is a key indicator of soil compaction and soil health that relates to water infiltration, plant rooting depth, nutrient availability, and soil microbial activity. Under field conditions, ρb usually varies with time and depth because of agronomic practices, root growth, and environmental processes (e.g., rainfall events, wetting/drying, and freezing/thawing). The traditional technique (i.e., the coring method) for determining ρb has the problems of destructive sampling, labor intensive, and is unable to capture the spatial and temporal variations. In a chapter of the recent Methods of Soil Analysis book, we ...


Soil Properties That Influence The Occurrence Of Hydrogen Sulfide Toxicity In Rice Fields, Julia Marie Fryer 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Soil Properties That Influence The Occurrence Of Hydrogen Sulfide Toxicity In Rice Fields, Julia Marie Fryer

Theses and Dissertations

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) producers face many challenges throughout each growing season. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) toxicity is a physiological disorder where sulfate (SO42-) is excessively reduced to the toxic gas, H2S. This can reduce yield and, in severe cases, result in crop death. The main research objectives were to: i) understand chemical and physical characteristics in soils prone to H2S toxicity, ii) determine influential soil characteristics on the incidence of H2S toxicity, iii) determine ammonium sulfate ((NH4)2SO4) fertilizer additions influence on H2S toxicity, and iv) predict when and where H2S will occur. Three greenhouse experiments were conducted using Arkansas ...


Identification And Characterization Of Salinity Tolerance Genes By Activation Tagging In Arabidopsis, Jawaher Alkahtani 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Identification And Characterization Of Salinity Tolerance Genes By Activation Tagging In Arabidopsis, Jawaher Alkahtani

Theses and Dissertations

Salinity often affects irrigated areas in arid and semi-arid regions of the world. The existence and accumulation of soluble salts in the soil layers limit the growth of crops essential for our food. Salt stress dramatically affects plant growth, plant development, as well as crop yield. Arabidopsis thaliana is the plant model that provides a comprehensive knowledge of plant development, genetics and physiology, and response to abiotic stresses such as salinity. The redundancy of genes due to duplication, even in the simple model genome of Arabidopsis, limits the value of knockout (KO) mutagenesis to provide complete information on gene function ...


Nitrous Oxide Emissions From Rice Production On A Silt-Loam Soil In Arkansas, Casey Rector 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Nitrous Oxide Emissions From Rice Production On A Silt-Loam Soil In Arkansas, Casey Rector

Theses and Dissertations

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is a common crop grown in Arkansas under flooded-soil conditions. The saturated to nearly saturated soil makes rice production an ideal environment for the production of potent greenhouse gases, such as nitrous oxide (N2O). The objectives of this study were to i) evaluate the impact of water management practice (full-season-flood and intermittent-flood) and cultivar (pure-line and hybrid) on N2O fluxes, season-long N2O emissions, and global warming potential (GWP; 2016) and ii) evaluate the impact of tillage practice [conventional tillage and no-tillage (NT)] and type of urea fertilizer [ N-(n-butyl) thiosphosphoric triamide (NBPT)-coated and non-coated urea ...


The Effects Of Time And Topography On Deep Carbon Storage In The Clarks River Valley Of Western Kentucky, Benedict W. Ferguson 2018 Geosciences

The Effects Of Time And Topography On Deep Carbon Storage In The Clarks River Valley Of Western Kentucky, Benedict W. Ferguson

Scholars Week

Soil organic carbon (SOC) dynamics at depths greater than one meter in valley bottoms are not well understood. This study examines the stock of SOC with depth across alluvial landforms in the Clarks River National Wildlife Refuge. Nine cores along three transects from terraces to floodplains and adjacent channel bars were collected to depths of 4 meters or refusal. Bulk density, clay content, and loss-on-ignition were used to estimate stocks. Age estimates based on radiocarbon suggest the landforms range in age from 7975 to 52 yr BP. Average SOC and carbon (C) flux varied with values of 1.76 kg ...


Understanding Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity Under Seasonal Changes In Climate And Land Use, Mohamed Elhakeem, A. N. Thanos Papanicolaou, Christopher G. Wilson, Yi-Jia Chang, Lee Burras, Benjamin Abban, Douglas A. Wysocki, Skye Wills 2018 Abu Dhabi University

Understanding Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity Under Seasonal Changes In Climate And Land Use, Mohamed Elhakeem, A. N. Thanos Papanicolaou, Christopher G. Wilson, Yi-Jia Chang, Lee Burras, Benjamin Abban, Douglas A. Wysocki, Skye Wills

Agronomy Publications

The goal of this study was to understand better the co-play of intrinsic soil properties and extrinsic factors of climate and management in the estimation of saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ksat) in intensively managed landscapes. For this purpose, a physically-based, modeling framework was developed using hydro-pedotransfer functions (PTFs) and watershed models integrated with Geographic Information System (GIS) modules. The integrated models were then used to develop Ksat maps for the Clear Creek, Iowa watershed and the state of Iowa. Four types of saturated hydraulic conductivity were considered, namely the baseline (Kb), the bare (Kbr), the effective with ...


Fire-Induced Mineralogical Changes In Midwest Tallgrass Prairie Soils, Lacey LeGrand 2018 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Fire-Induced Mineralogical Changes In Midwest Tallgrass Prairie Soils, Lacey Legrand

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Tallgrass prairies are productive ecosystems that historically covered a large part of the Midwest and in the past were subjected to frequent, natural fire regimes. Today prairie remnants are often managed by ecological burns. Glacier Creek Preserve is a restored prairie in Omaha, Nebraska that includes randomized research plots established in 1978 to study the effects of burning on vegetation and provides a controlled field environment to investigate the effects of fire on soils. The purpose of this study is to compare soil mineralogy in long-term burned and unburned plots to answer the question: “Does prescribed burning induce mineralogical changes ...


Discussion And Survey, Conference Attendees 2018 University of Kentucky

Discussion And Survey, Conference Attendees

Kentucky Alfalfa and Stored Forage Conference

No abstract provided.


The Future Of Alfalfa: Understanding Gmo Traits And Their Impact On Production And Marketing, Phil Bollman 2018 Forage Genetics International LLC

The Future Of Alfalfa: Understanding Gmo Traits And Their Impact On Production And Marketing, Phil Bollman

Kentucky Alfalfa and Stored Forage Conference

No abstract provided.


Emerging Export Markets For High Quality Alfalfa Hay, Tom Keene 2018 University of Kentucky

Emerging Export Markets For High Quality Alfalfa Hay, Tom Keene

Kentucky Alfalfa and Stored Forage Conference

The exporting of hay from country to country has been evolving for many years. When we look at today’s exports of American hay, we see that the majority of it takes place off the west coast.


Managing Frost Damaged Alfalfa Stands, Christopher D. Teutsch, Jimmy C. Henning, S. Ray Smith, Tom Keene, Matthew Dixon 2018 University of Kentucky

Managing Frost Damaged Alfalfa Stands, Christopher D. Teutsch, Jimmy C. Henning, S. Ray Smith, Tom Keene, Matthew Dixon

Kentucky Alfalfa and Stored Forage Conference

Wide fluctuations in springtime temperature are common in Kentucky. Late freezing temperatures in the spring can cause damage to alfalfa depending on how far along it is in breaking dormancy. This publication provides information on the effect of low spring temperatures on both established and new alfalfa stands that have begun growth, as well as a method of predicting sensitivity to late frosts or freezes.


Harvesting Alfalfa For Quality, Garry D. Lacefield 2018 University of Kentucky

Harvesting Alfalfa For Quality, Garry D. Lacefield

Kentucky Alfalfa and Stored Forage Conference

Alfalfa can be harvested for hay, baleage, silage, greenchop or grazing. Our goal is to produce, harvest and market high yielding-high quality forage. Profitable alfalfa programs consist of four basic phases and each phase have a specific goal.


Integrated Management Of Alfalfa Diseases, Kiersten A. Wise 2018 University of Kentucky

Integrated Management Of Alfalfa Diseases, Kiersten A. Wise

Kentucky Alfalfa and Stored Forage Conference

Alfalfa diseases can reduce forage quality and the longevity of alfalfa stands. Integrated management of diseases can minimize disease impact and improve forage stand and quality. There are several important pathogens that cause disease on alfalfa, and the occurrence of these diseases, as well as the severity of damage, depend on several factors, including the type of pathogen, the environment, and the level of resistance of the host to a particular disease. In addition, disease presence and severity are also influenced by agronomic practices, particularly sowing dates, cutting dates and frequency, and fertility programs.


An Integrated Pest Management Ipm Approach In Alfalfa Production Systems, Lee H. Townsend 2018 University of Kentucky

An Integrated Pest Management Ipm Approach In Alfalfa Production Systems, Lee H. Townsend

Kentucky Alfalfa and Stored Forage Conference

Alfalfa lends itself to an integrated pest management (IPM) approach for alfalfa weevils and potato leafhoppers, the two key insect pests of the crop. Both species live in most alfalfa fields every summer. However, alfalfa can tolerate low levels of their feeding without costly yield or quality loss.


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