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Modelling The Impacts Of A Mixed Forestry Plantation On Groundwater Resources In The Beaufort River Area, Western Australia, Paul Raper, Richard J. George Dr 2010 Department of Agriculture and Food

Modelling The Impacts Of A Mixed Forestry Plantation On Groundwater Resources In The Beaufort River Area, Western Australia, Paul Raper, Richard J. George Dr

Resource management technical reports

No abstract provided.


Colloid Transport With Wetting Fronts: Interactive Effects Of Solution Surface Tension And Ionic Strength, Jie Zhuang, Nadine Goeppert, Ching Tu, John McCarthy, Edmund Perfect, Larry McKay 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Colloid Transport With Wetting Fronts: Interactive Effects Of Solution Surface Tension And Ionic Strength, Jie Zhuang, Nadine Goeppert, Ching Tu, John Mccarthy, Edmund Perfect, Larry Mckay

Larry McKay

Transport of colloids with transient wetting fronts represents an important mechanism of contaminant migration in the vadose zone. The work presented here used steady-state saturated and transient unsaturated flow columns to evaluate the transport of a fluorescent latex microsphere (980 nm in diameter) with capillary wetting fronts of different solution surface tensions and ionic strengths. The saturated transport experiments demonstrated that decreasing solution surface tension and ionic strength decreased colloid deposition at the solid-liquid interface and increased colloid recovery in the column effluent. The effect of solution surface tension on colloid transport and deposition was greater at lower ionic strength ...


An Investigation Of The Oceanic Redistribution Of Carbon During The Last Deglaciation, Sean Patrick Bryan 2010 University of Colorado, Boulder

An Investigation Of The Oceanic Redistribution Of Carbon During The Last Deglaciation, Sean Patrick Bryan

Geological Sciences Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Records from ice and marine sediment cores have revealed significant changes in the

ocean and atmospheric carbon reservoirs at the end of the last glacial period: atmospheric CO2 concentrations increased by ~50%, the atmospheric radiocarbon activity (Δ14C) declined by 190‰, the Δ14C of intermediate depth waters in the eastern North Pacific Ocean became extremely low relative to the contemporaneous atmosphere, and planktic foraminifera in the tropical and southern high latitude oceans experienced a negative excursion in δ13C. A promising theory for explaining these changes involves increased storage of carbon in the deep ocean during ...


Removal Of Perchlorate (Clo4-) From Water Using Pulsed Arc Electrohydraulic Discharge (Paed), Sarah E. Dickson 2010 SelectedWorks

Removal Of Perchlorate (Clo4-) From Water Using Pulsed Arc Electrohydraulic Discharge (Paed), Sarah E. Dickson

Sarah E Dickson

No abstract provided.


Sources And Occurrences Of Nonpoint-Source Chemicals In Groundwater, Jackson Purchase Region, Kentucky, R. Stephen Fisher, E. Glynn Beck 2010 University of Kentucky

Sources And Occurrences Of Nonpoint-Source Chemicals In Groundwater, Jackson Purchase Region, Kentucky, R. Stephen Fisher, E. Glynn Beck

Kentucky Geological Survey Report of Investigations

Nitrate concentrations that exceed U.S. Environmental Protection Agency drinking-water standards have been reported in Jackson Purchase Region groundwater since the 1960's. More recently, other nonpoint-source chemicals such as pesticides and volatile organic compounds have also been found. The sources of these chemicals and the pathways by which they reach domestic groundwater supplies must be determined to protect human health and to design effective land-management practices.

To investigate the occurrence of nonpoint-source chemicals in Jackson Purchase groundwater, 60 wells were selected on the basis of geographic location, hydrostratigraphic unit penetrated, and well type (bored or drilled); distances to row ...


The Hydrology Of Headwater Catchments From The Plains To The Continental Divide, Boulder Creek Watershed, Colorado, Rory M. Cowie 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

The Hydrology Of Headwater Catchments From The Plains To The Continental Divide, Boulder Creek Watershed, Colorado, Rory M. Cowie

Geological Sciences Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Isotopic composition of precipitation, snow cover, snow melt, and stream flow were determined in three snow dominated headwater catchments to quantify the spatial variability and processes that alter stable isotope (oxygen-18, 18O and deuterium, 2H) composition across an elevational gradient and between open and under canopy environments. Across the three catchments there was no significant difference in δ18O in precipitation but a significant difference was found within the snow pack and snow melt. Within each of the catchments there was no significant difference in δ18O in precipitation landing in open and under canopy environments ...


Snow Depth Estimation, Structure, Prediction, And Hydrologic Modeling At The Kilometer Scale In The Colorado Rocky Mountains, James Lucian McCreight 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

Snow Depth Estimation, Structure, Prediction, And Hydrologic Modeling At The Kilometer Scale In The Colorado Rocky Mountains, James Lucian Mccreight

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Research focuses on observing and predicting spatial distribution of snow depth at the kilometer scale. Observation of spatial snow depth distribution is considered by its estimation from random, sparse observations and important factors affecting this estimation. Predicting spatial distribution of both snow depth and melt rates begins from simple hypothesis wherein the spatial distribution of snow depth is structured by the spatial distribution of controlling variables. Predictions made by this structured view are evaluated in spatial modeling of peak-accumulation snow depth and applied to spatial distribution of a point-scale, temperature-index model of snowmelt runoff using minimal parameter complexity. High-resolution light ...


Hydrologic And Biogeochemical Implications Of Flooding In Two Catchments Underlain By Continuous Permafrost, Joshua Charles Koch 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

Hydrologic And Biogeochemical Implications Of Flooding In Two Catchments Underlain By Continuous Permafrost, Joshua Charles Koch

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Flooding is a critical driver of ecosystem productivity. By rapidly increasing stream stage and velocity, floods mix water and solutes from the stream, hyporheic zone, and floodplains/riparian areas. Such mixing may spur biogeochemical activity. In catchments underlain by permafrost, flooding is more common due to both the potential for rapid ice melting and minimal storage potential in frozen soils. High latitude environments are often underlain by permafrost and are also areas of biogeochemical interest, due to large stores of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N), and the potential for rapid cycling. The increased complexity in groundwater/surface water hydrologyduring floods ...


A Real Time Optical Biosensor Assay For Amoxicillin And Other Β-Lactams In Water Samples, Israel M. Scott, Lewis J. Kraft, Jonathan D. Parker, Kathryn Daniel, Sarah Kustick, Diana Kennen, Jonathan L. McMurry 2010 University of Georgia

A Real Time Optical Biosensor Assay For Amoxicillin And Other Β-Lactams In Water Samples, Israel M. Scott, Lewis J. Kraft, Jonathan D. Parker, Kathryn Daniel, Sarah Kustick, Diana Kennen, Jonathan L. Mcmurry

Faculty Publications

Antibiotic contamination of drinking water and sewage is a matter of environmental and public health concern. Traditionally, ELISA or HPLC methods have been used to detect and measure antibiotic contamination. By applying an optical biosensing method, biolayer inteferometry (BLI), we have developed a kinetic competition binding assay capable of quantitating less than lppm (~33 μM) amoxicillin. Similar to surface plasmon resonance, BLI senses changes that occur upon binding of one molecule to another near a surface to measure association and dissociation. Immobilized amoxicillin was used to screen for binding against an analyte solution of anti-amoxicillin equilibrated with amoxicillin-containing water samples ...


Paleogeographic, Paleoceanographic, And Tectonic Controls On Early Late Ordovician Graptolite Diversity Patterns, Daniel Goldman, Shuang-Ye Wu 2010 University of Dayton

Paleogeographic, Paleoceanographic, And Tectonic Controls On Early Late Ordovician Graptolite Diversity Patterns, Daniel Goldman, Shuang-Ye Wu

Geology Faculty Publications

The Katian Age (early Late Ordovician) was a time of significant decline in marine biodiversity, but whether this decline was a real phenomenon or an artifact of the relatively few studies devoted to this interval requires further research. We examined the pattern of graptolite faunal changes across the boundary between the Climacograptus bicornis and Diplacanthograptus caudatus graptolite zones in North America and on several other continents.

A sharp decline in species diversity occurs in the Appalachian Basin. Scores for normalized diversity dropped from 20 in the C. bicornis Zone to 7 in the D. caudatus Zone. Only 11% of the ...


Implementing Deep Drainage To Reduce Salinity In The Date Creek Catchment, South West Western Australia, Derk Bakker, John P. Collins, Justin Hardy 2010 Department of Agriculture, Katanning

Implementing Deep Drainage To Reduce Salinity In The Date Creek Catchment, South West Western Australia, Derk Bakker, John P. Collins, Justin Hardy

Resource management technical reports

No abstract provided.


The Distribution And Origins Of Acid Groundwaters In The South West Agricultural Area, Adam Lillicrap, Richard J. George Dr 2010 Department of Agriculture and Food

The Distribution And Origins Of Acid Groundwaters In The South West Agricultural Area, Adam Lillicrap, Richard J. George Dr

Resource management technical reports

No abstract provided.


Soil- And Groundwater-Quality Data For An Abandoned Cattle And Hog Feedlot In Henderson County, Kentucky, E. Glynn Beck, James S. Dinger, Eugenia Pena-Yewtukhiw, John H. Grove 2010 University of Kentucky

Soil- And Groundwater-Quality Data For An Abandoned Cattle And Hog Feedlot In Henderson County, Kentucky, E. Glynn Beck, James S. Dinger, Eugenia Pena-Yewtukhiw, John H. Grove

Kentucky Geological Survey Information Circular

Groundwater samples collected from a livestock well in southwestern Henderson County, Ky., contained nitrate-N concentrations greater than 20 mg/L, two times the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s maximum contaminant level. The well is located in an abandoned cattle and hog feedlot. The feedlot is located in an upland bedrock setting with Pleistocene loess overlying Pennsylvanian bedrock. One hundred twenty-one soil cores were collected to better define the areal extent of organic-rich soil believed to be the source of the elevated nitrate-N in the groundwater. Cores were collected on 25-ft centers to a depth of 4 ft below the ...


Sources And Occurrences Of Nonpoint-Source Chemicals In Groundwater, Jackson Purchase Region, Kentucky: Data Report, E. Glynn Beck 2010 University of Kentucky

Sources And Occurrences Of Nonpoint-Source Chemicals In Groundwater, Jackson Purchase Region, Kentucky: Data Report, E. Glynn Beck

Kentucky Geological Survey Information Circular

Groundwater from the Jackson Purchase Region was sampled to investigate possible contamination by nonpoint-source chemicals. Conclusions drawn from the resulting data and methodology can be found in “Sources and Occurrences of Nonpoint-Source Chemicals in Groundwater, Jackson Purchase Region, Kentucky,” Kentucky Geological Survey Report of Investigations 22 (series 12), by R.S. Fisher and E.G. Beck.


Assessment Of Groundwater Quality In A Remediated Abandoned Feedlot, Henderson County, Kentucky: Data Report, E. Glynn Beck, James S. Dinger, John Grove, Eugenia Pena-Yewtukhiw 2010 University of Kentucky

Assessment Of Groundwater Quality In A Remediated Abandoned Feedlot, Henderson County, Kentucky: Data Report, E. Glynn Beck, James S. Dinger, John Grove, Eugenia Pena-Yewtukhiw

Kentucky Geological Survey Information Circular

A three-phase project investigated the influence of past and present agricultural practices on groundwater resources in the Western Kentucky Coal Field. Phase III concentrated on an abandoned dairy feedlot that had been remediated. Results of phase III analyses are presented in this report.


Assessment Of Row Crop, Alfalfa, And Pasture Field Practices On Groundwater Quality In An Upland Bedrock Setting, Henderson County, Kentucky: Report Of Soil- And Water-Quality Data, E. Glynn Beck, James S. Dinger, John H. Grove, Eugenia Pena-Yewtukhiw 2010 University of Kentucky

Assessment Of Row Crop, Alfalfa, And Pasture Field Practices On Groundwater Quality In An Upland Bedrock Setting, Henderson County, Kentucky: Report Of Soil- And Water-Quality Data, E. Glynn Beck, James S. Dinger, John H. Grove, Eugenia Pena-Yewtukhiw

Kentucky Geological Survey Information Circular

An assessment of how present agricultural practices have influenced shallow groundwater and soil quality was conducted on a 540-acre farm in north-central Henderson County. Groundwater- and soil-quality data were collected from row crop (corn and soybean), alfalfa, and pasture fields. In addition to the field settings, groundwater and soil data were collected from the existing farmyard and an abandoned feedlot. Groundwater samples were analyzed for pH, specific conductance, temperature, oxidation-reduction potential, metals, anions, nutrients, herbicides, and various isotopes. Soil samples were analyzed for pH, bioavailable phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, organic matter, total nitrogen, and inorganic nitrogen (nitrate-N). Soil- and ...


Nebraska Statewide Groundwater-Level Monitoring Report 2010, J. T. Korus, M. E. Burbach, L. M. Howard, R. M. Joeckel 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Statewide Groundwater-Level Monitoring Report 2010, J. T. Korus, M. E. Burbach, L. M. Howard, R. M. Joeckel

Conservation and Survey Division

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Drought On Avian Community Structure, Thomas P. Albright, Anna M. Pidgeon, Chadwick D. Rittenhouse, Murray K. Clayton, Curtis H. Flather, Patrick D. Culbert, Brian D. Wardlows, Volker C. Radeloff 2010 University of Wisconsin-Madison

Effects Of Drought On Avian Community Structure, Thomas P. Albright, Anna M. Pidgeon, Chadwick D. Rittenhouse, Murray K. Clayton, Curtis H. Flather, Patrick D. Culbert, Brian D. Wardlows, Volker C. Radeloff

Drought Mitigation Center Faculty Publications

Droughts are expected to become more frequent under global climate change. Avifauna depend on precipitation for hydration, cover, and food. While there are indications that avian communities respond negatively to drought, little is known about the response of birds with differing functional and behavioral traits, what time periods and indicators of drought are most relevant, or how response varies geographically at broad spatial scales. Our goals were thus to determine (1) how avian abundance and species richness are related to drought, (2) whether community variations are more related to vegetation vigor or precipitation deviations and at what time periods relationships ...


Combined Effects Of Heat Waves And Droughts On Avian Communities Across The Conterminous United States, Thomas P. Albright, Anna M. Pidgeon, Chadwick D. Rittenhouse, Murray K. Clayton, Brian D. Wardlow, Curtis H. Flather, Patrick D. Culbert, Volker C. Radeloff 2010 University of Wisconsin-Madison

Combined Effects Of Heat Waves And Droughts On Avian Communities Across The Conterminous United States, Thomas P. Albright, Anna M. Pidgeon, Chadwick D. Rittenhouse, Murray K. Clayton, Brian D. Wardlow, Curtis H. Flather, Patrick D. Culbert, Volker C. Radeloff

Drought Mitigation Center Faculty Publications

Increasing surface temperatures and climatic variability associated with global climate change are expected to produce more frequent and intense heat waves and droughts in many parts of the world. Our goal was to elucidate the fundamental, but poorly understood, effects of these extreme weather events on avian communities across the conterminous United States. Specifically, we explored: (1) the effects of timing and duration of heat and drought events, (2) the effects of jointly occurring drought and heat waves relative to these events occurring in isolation, and (3) how effects vary among functional groups related to nest location and migratory habit ...


A Study Of Fold Characteristics And Deformation Style Using The Evolution Of The Land Surface: Zagros Simply Folded Belt, Iran, Caroline M. Burberry, John W. Cosgrove, Jian-Guo Liu 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

A Study Of Fold Characteristics And Deformation Style Using The Evolution Of The Land Surface: Zagros Simply Folded Belt, Iran, Caroline M. Burberry, John W. Cosgrove, Jian-Guo Liu

Papers in the Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

Deformation styles within a fold-thrust belt can be understood in terms of the spatial organization and geometry of the fold structures. In young fold-thrust belts such as the Zagros, this geometry is reflected topographically by concordant landform morphology. Thus, the distribution of deformation structures can be characterized using satellite image analysis, digital elevation models, the drainage network and geomorphological indicators. The two distinct fold types considered in this study (fault-bend folds and detachment folds) both trending NW-SE, interact with streams flowing NE-SW from the High Zagros Mountains into the Persian Gulf. Multiple abandoned stream channels cross fault-bend folds related to ...


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