Meta-Complementing The Semantics Of Short Texts In Neural Topic Models, 2022 Singapore Management University

#### Meta-Complementing The Semantics Of Short Texts In Neural Topic Models, Ce Zhang, Hady Wirawan Lauw

*Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems*

Topic models infer latent topic distributions based on observed word co-occurrences in a text corpus. While typically a corpus contains documents of variable lengths, most previous topic models treat documents of different lengths uniformly, assuming that each document is sufficiently informative. However, shorter documents may have only a few word co-occurrences, resulting in inferior topic quality. Some other previous works assume that all documents are short, and leverage external auxiliary data, e.g., pretrained word embeddings and document connectivity. Orthogonal to existing works, we remedy this problem within the corpus itself by proposing a Meta-Complement Topic Model, which improves topic quality …

Hyperspectral Unmixing: A Theoretical Aspect And Applications To Crism Data Processing, 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Hyperspectral Unmixing: A Theoretical Aspect And Applications To Crism Data Processing, Yuki Itoh

*Doctoral Dissertations*

Hyperspectral imaging has been deployed in earth and planetary remote sensing, and has contributed the development of new methods for monitoring the earth environment and new discoveries in planetary science. It has given scientists and engineers a new way to observe the surface of earth and planetary bodies by measuring the spectroscopic spectrum at a pixel scale.

Hyperspectal images require complex processing before practical use. One of the important goals of hyperspectral imaging is to obtain the images of reflectance spectrum. A raw image obtained by hyperspectral remote sensing usually undergoes conversion to a physical quantity representing the intensity of …

Combinatorial Algorithms For Graph Discovery And Experimental Design, 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

#### Combinatorial Algorithms For Graph Discovery And Experimental Design, Raghavendra K. Addanki

*Doctoral Dissertations*

In this thesis, we study the design and analysis of algorithms for discovering the structure and properties of an unknown graph, with applications in two different domains: causal inference and sublinear graph algorithms. In both these domains, graph discovery is possible using restricted forms of *experiments*, and our objective is to design low-cost experiments.

First, we describe efficient experimental approaches to the *causal discovery* problem, which in its simplest form, asks us to identify the causal relations (edges of the unknown graph) between variables (vertices of the unknown graph) of a given system. For causal discovery, we study algorithms …

An Algorithm For Indoor Sars-Cov-2 Transmission, 2022 Valparaiso University

#### An Algorithm For Indoor Sars-Cov-2 Transmission, Daniel Maxin, Spencer Gannon

*Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences*

We propose a computer modeling approach for SARS-CoV-2 transmission that can be preferable to a purely mathematical framework. It is illustrated its functionality in a specific case of indoor transmission. Based on literature, we assume that infection is due to aerosols with viral particles that persist and accumulate for hours in the air even after the persons who produced them left the space. We incorporate also restricted opening hours as a mitigation measure and one possible behavioral change in response to this measure. It is shown via several examples how this algorithmic modeling approach can be used to run various …

Path Choice Of Algorithm Intellectual Property Protection, 2022 Law School, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

#### Path Choice Of Algorithm Intellectual Property Protection, Yulu Jin, Youdan Xiao

*Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)*

Protection of algorithm by intellectual property is a powerful way to stimulate innovation and regulate the risk of the algorithm. Algorithm that can be protected by intellectual property right is the program algorithm, which is compiled in computer language, in the form of coded instruction sequence, run by the computer and produce independent rational value results. The article is combed out that there are drawbacks to the traditional path of IP to protect program algorithms:it has conflict between program algorithm and copyright law system; the trade secret path is at odds with program algorithmic governance; and program algorithm can hardly …

Artificial Intelligence And The Situational Rationality Of Diagnosis: Human Problem-Solving And The Artifacts Of Health And Medicine, 2022 CUNY Graduate Center

#### Artificial Intelligence And The Situational Rationality Of Diagnosis: Human Problem-Solving And The Artifacts Of Health And Medicine, Michael W. Raphael

*Publications and Research*

What is the problem-solving capacity of artificial intelligence (AI) for health and medicine? This paper draws out the cognitive sociological context of diagnostic problem-solving for medical sociology regarding the limits of automation for decision-based medical tasks. Specifically, it presents a practical way of evaluating the artificiality of symptoms and signs in medical encounters, with an emphasis on the visualization of the problem-solving process in doctor-patient relationships. In doing so, the paper details the logical differences underlying diagnostic task performance between man and machine problem-solving: its principle of rationality, the priorities of its means of adaptation to abstraction, and the effects …

Fellowship Application Sample, 2022 Bowling Green State University

#### Fellowship Application Sample, John Dowd

*ICS Fellow Applications*

No abstract provided.

Dynamic Return Relationships In The Market For Cryptocurrency: A Var Approach, 2022 James Madison University

#### Dynamic Return Relationships In The Market For Cryptocurrency: A Var Approach, Julian Gouffray

*James Madison Undergraduate Research Journal (JMURJ)*

This paper examines how the Bitcoin-altcoin return relationship has evolved in periods between 2015 and 2020. To understand this relation, we observe data on the cryptocurrency Bitcoin and prominent altcoins Ethereum, Litecoin, Ripple, Stellar, and Monero, which collectively represent over 90% of the market throughout the observed period. We employ a vector autoregressive model (VAR) to produce forecast error variance decompositions, orthogonal impulse response functions, and Granger-causality tests. We find evidence that Bitcoin return variation has increasingly explained altcoin returns and that market inefficiency increased between 2017 and 2020, as shown by increased Granger causality between Bitcoin and altcoins. These …

Cov-Inception: Covid-19 Detection Tool Using Chest X-Ray, 2022 Southern Methodist University

#### Cov-Inception: Covid-19 Detection Tool Using Chest X-Ray, Aswini Thota, Ololade Awodipe, Rashmi Patel

*SMU Data Science Review*

Since the pandemic started, researchers have been trying to find a way to detect COVID-19 which is a cost-effective, fast, and reliable way to keep the economy viable and running. This research details how chest X-ray radiography can be utilized to detect the infection. This can be for implementation in Airports, Schools, and places of business. Currently, Chest imaging is not a first-line test for COVID-19 due to low diagnostic accuracy and confounding with other viral pneumonia. Different pre-trained algorithms were fine-tuned and applied to the images to train the model and the best model obtained was fine-tuned InceptionV3 model …

Application Of Probabilistic Ranking Systems On Women’S Junior Division Beach Volleyball, 2022 Southern Methodist University

#### Application Of Probabilistic Ranking Systems On Women’S Junior Division Beach Volleyball, Cameron Stewart, Michael Mazel, Bivin Sadler

*SMU Data Science Review*

Women’s beach volleyball is one of the fastest growing collegiate sports today. The increase in popularity has come with an increase in valuable scholarship opportunities across the country. With thousands of athletes to sort through, college scouts depend on websites that aggregate tournament results and rank players nationally. This project partnered with the company Volleyball Life, who is the current market leader in the ranking space of junior beach volleyball players. Utilizing the tournament information provided by Volleyball Life, this study explored replacements to the current ranking systems, which are designed to aggregate player points from recent tournament placements. Three …

Towards An Optimal Bus Frequency Scheduling: When The Waiting Time Matters, 2022 Wuhan University

#### Towards An Optimal Bus Frequency Scheduling: When The Waiting Time Matters, Songsong Mo, Zhifeng Bao, Baihua Zheng, Zhiyong Peng

*Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems*

Reorganizing bus frequencies to cater for actual travel demands can significantly save the cost of the public transport system. This paper studies the bus frequency optimization problem considering the user satisfaction. Specifically, for the first time to our best knowledge, we study how to schedule the buses such that the total number of passengers who could receive their bus services within the waiting time threshold can be maximized. We propose two variants of the problem, FAST and FASTCO, to cater for different application needs and prove that both are NP-hard. To solve FAST effectively and efficiently, we first present an …

On The Cryptographic Deniability Of The Signal Protocol, 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### On The Cryptographic Deniability Of The Signal Protocol, Nihal Vatandas

*Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

Offline deniability is the ability to a posteriori deny having participated in a particular communication session. This property has been widely assumed for the Signal messaging application, yet no formal proof has appeared in the literature. In this work, we present the first formal study of the offline deniability of the Signal protocol. Our analysis shows that building a deniability proof for Signal is non-trivial and requires strong assumptions on the underlying mathematical groups where the protocol is run.

To do so, we study various implicitly authenticated key exchange protocols, including MQV, HMQV, and 3DH/X3DH, the latter being the core …

An Analysis Of The Friendship Paradox And Derived Sampling Methods, 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

#### An Analysis Of The Friendship Paradox And Derived Sampling Methods, Yitzchak Novick

*Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects*

The friendship paradox (FP) is the famous sampling-bias phenomenon that leads to the seemingly paradoxical truth that, on average, people’s friends have more friends than they do. Among the many far-reaching research findings the FP inspired is a sampling method that samples neighbors of vertices in a graph in order to acquire random vertices that are of higher expected degree than average.

Our research examines the friendship paradox on a local level. We seek to quantify the impact of the FP on an individual vertex by defining the vertex’s “friendship index”, a measure of the extent to which the phenomenon …

Simulating Salience: Developing A Model Of Choice In The Visual Coordination Game, 2022 Western University

#### Simulating Salience: Developing A Model Of Choice In The Visual Coordination Game, Adib Sedig

*Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference*

This project is primarily inspired by three papers: Colin Camerer and Xiaomin Li’s (2019 working paper)—*Using Visual Salience in Empirical Game Theory*, Ryan Oprea’s (2020)—*What Makes a Rule Complex?*, and Caplin et. al.’s (2011)—*Search and Satisficing*. Over the summer, I worked towards constructing a model of choice for the visual coordination game that can model player behavior more accurately than traditional game theoretic predictions. It attempts to do so by incorporating a degree of bias towards salience into a cellular automaton search algorithm and utilizing it alongside a sequential search mechanism of satisficing. This …

The Design And Implementation Of A High-Performance Polynomial System Solver, 2022 The University of Western Ontario

#### The Design And Implementation Of A High-Performance Polynomial System Solver, Alexander Brandt

*Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository*

This thesis examines the algorithmic and practical challenges of solving systems of polynomial equations. We discuss the design and implementation of triangular decomposition to solve polynomials systems exactly by means of symbolic computation.

Incremental triangular decomposition solves one equation from the input list of polynomials at a time. Each step may produce several different components (points, curves, surfaces, etc.) of the solution set. Independent components imply that the solving process may proceed on each component concurrently. This so-called component-level parallelism is a theoretical and practical challenge characterized by irregular parallelism. Parallelism is not an algorithmic property but rather a geometrical …

Parallel Algorithms For Scalable Graph Mining: Applications On Big Data And Machine Learning, 2022 University of New Orleans

#### Parallel Algorithms For Scalable Graph Mining: Applications On Big Data And Machine Learning, Naw Safrin Sattar

*University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations*

Parallel computing plays a crucial role in processing large-scale graph data. Complex network analysis is an exciting area of research for many applications in different scientific domains e.g., sociology, biology, online media, recommendation systems and many more. Graph mining is an area of interest with diverse problems from different domains of our daily life. Due to the advancement of data and computing technologies, graph data is growing at an enormous rate, for example, the number of links in social networks is growing every millisecond. Machine/Deep learning plays a significant role for technological accomplishments to work with big data in modern …

Neural-Progressive Hedging: Enforcing Constraints In Reinforcement Learning With Stochastic Programming, 2022 Singapore Management University

#### Neural-Progressive Hedging: Enforcing Constraints In Reinforcement Learning With Stochastic Programming, Supriyo Ghosh, Laura Wynter, Shiau Hong Lim, Duc Thien Nguyen

*Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems*

We propose a framework, called neural-progressive hedging (NP), that leverages stochastic programming during the online phase of executing a reinforcement learning (RL) policy. The goal is to ensure feasibility with respect to constraints and risk-based objectives such as conditional value-at-risk (CVaR) during the execution of the policy, using probabilistic models of the state transitions to guide policy adjustments. The framework is particularly amenable to the class of sequential resource allocation problems since feasibility with respect to typical resource constraints cannot be enforced in a scalable manner. The NP framework provides an alternative that adds modest overhead during the online phase. …

Submodularity And Local Search Approaches For Maximum Capture Problems Under Generalized Extreme Value Models, 2022 Phenikaa University

#### Submodularity And Local Search Approaches For Maximum Capture Problems Under Generalized Extreme Value Models, Tien Thanh Dam, Thuy Anh Ta, Tien Mai

*Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems*

We study the maximum capture problem in facility location under random utility models, i.e., the problem of seeking to locate new facilities in a competitive market such that the captured user demand is maximized, assuming that each customer chooses among all available facilities according to a random utility maximization model. We employ the generalized extreme value (GEV) family of discrete choice models and show that the objective function in this context is monotonic and submodular. This finding implies that a simple greedy heuristic can always guarantee a (1−1/e) approximation solution. We further develop a new algorithm combining a greedy heuristic, …

Unsupervised Contrastive Representation Learning For Knowledge Distillation And Clustering, 2022 Clemson University

#### Unsupervised Contrastive Representation Learning For Knowledge Distillation And Clustering, Fei Ding

*All Dissertations*

Unsupervised contrastive learning has emerged as an important training strategy to learn representation by pulling positive samples closer and pushing negative samples apart in low-dimensional latent space. Usually, positive samples are the augmented versions of the same input and negative samples are from different inputs. Once the low-dimensional representations are learned, further analysis, such as clustering, and classification can be performed using the representations. Currently, there are two challenges in this framework. First, the empirical studies reveal that even though contrastive learning methods show great progress in representation learning on large model training, they do not work well for small …

Directed Acyclic Graph-Based Neural Networks For Tunable Low-Power Computer Vision, 2022 Purdue University

#### Directed Acyclic Graph-Based Neural Networks For Tunable Low-Power Computer Vision, Abhinav Goel, Caleb Tung, Nick Eliopoulos, Xiao Hu, George K. Thiruvathukal, James C. Davis, Yung-Hisang Lu

*Computer Science: Faculty Publications and Other Works*

Processing visual data on mobile devices has many applications, e.g., emergency response and tracking. State-of-the-art computer vision techniques rely on large Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) that are usually too power-hungry to be deployed on resource-constrained edge devices. Many techniques improve DNN efficiency of DNNs by compromising accuracy. However, the accuracy and efficiency of these techniques cannot be adapted for diverse edge applications with different hardware constraints and accuracy requirements. This paper demonstrates that a recent, efficient tree-based DNN architecture, called the hierarchical DNN, can be converted into a Directed Acyclic Graph-based (DAG) architecture to provide tunable accuracy-efficiency tradeoff options. We …