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Non-Hazardous Industrial Solid Waste Tracking System, Justin Tank 2021 Dakota State University

Non-Hazardous Industrial Solid Waste Tracking System, Justin Tank

Masters Theses & Doctoral Dissertations

The Olmsted Non-Hazardous Industrial Solid Waste Tracking System allows waste generators of certain materials to electronically have their waste assessments evaluated, approved, and tracked through a simple online process. The current process of manually requesting evaluations, prepopulating tracking forms, and filling them out on triplicate carbonless forms is out of sync with other processes in the department. Complying with audit requirements requires pulling physical copies and providing them physically to fulfill information requests.

Waste generators in Minnesota are required to track their waste disposals for certain types of industrial waste streams. This ensures waste is accounted for at the point …


Lecture 05: The Convergence Of Big Data And Extreme Computing, David Keyes 2021 King Abdullah University of Science and Technology

Lecture 05: The Convergence Of Big Data And Extreme Computing, David Keyes

Mathematical Sciences Spring Lecture Series

As simulation and analytics enter the exascale era, numerical algorithms, particularly implicit solvers that couple vast numbers of degrees of freedom, must span a widening gap between ambitious applications and austere architectures to support them. We present fifteen universals for researchers in scalable solvers: imperatives from computer architecture that scalable solvers must respect, strategies towards achieving them that are currently well established, and additional strategies currently being developed for an effective and efficient exascale software ecosystem. We consider recent generalizations of what it means to “solve” a computational problem, which suggest that we have often been “oversolving” them at the …


Lecture 12: Recent Advances In Time Integration Methods And How They Can Enable Exascale Simulations, Carol S. Woodward 2021 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Lecture 12: Recent Advances In Time Integration Methods And How They Can Enable Exascale Simulations, Carol S. Woodward

Mathematical Sciences Spring Lecture Series

To prepare for exascale systems, scientific simulations are growing in physical realism and thus complexity. This increase often results in additional and changing time scales. Time integration methods are critical to efficient solution of these multiphysics systems. Yet, many large-scale applications have not fully embraced modern time integration methods nor efficient software implementations. Hence, achieving temporal accuracy with new and complex simulations has proved challenging. We will overview recent advances in time integration methods, including additive IMEX methods, multirate methods, and parallel-in-time approaches, expected to help realize the potential of exascale systems on multiphysics simulations. Efficient execution of these methods …


The Role Of Privacy Within The Realm Of Healthcare Wearables' Acceptance And Use, Thomas Jernejcic 2021 Dakota State University

The Role Of Privacy Within The Realm Of Healthcare Wearables' Acceptance And Use, Thomas Jernejcic

Masters Theses & Doctoral Dissertations

The flexibility and vitality of the Internet along with technological innovation have fueled an industry focused on the design of portable devices capable of supporting personal activities and wellbeing. These compute devices, known as wearables, are unique from other computers in that they are portable, specific in function, and worn or carried by the user. While there are definite benefits attributable to wearables, there are also notable risks, especially in the realm of security where personal information and/or activities are often accessible to third parties. In addition, protecting one’s private information is regularly an afterthought and thus lacking in maturity. …


Iot Based Agriculture 4.0: Challenges And Opportunities, Halimjon Khujamatov, Temur Toshtemirov Mr., Doston Turayevich Khasanov Mr., Nasiba Saburova Ms., Ilhom Ikromovich Xamroyev Mr. 2021 Tashkent University of Information Technologies

Iot Based Agriculture 4.0: Challenges And Opportunities, Halimjon Khujamatov, Temur Toshtemirov Mr., Doston Turayevich Khasanov Mr., Nasiba Saburova Ms., Ilhom Ikromovich Xamroyev Mr.

Bulletin of TUIT: Management and Communication Technologies

In recent years, the world's population growth has been intensifying, resulting in specific problems related to the depletion of natural resources, food shortages, declining fertile lands, and changing weather conditions. This paper has been discussed the use of IoT technology as a solution to such problems.

At the same time, the emergence of IoT technology has given rise to a new research direction in agriculture. Soil analysis and monitoring using Zigbee wireless sensor network technology, which is part of the IoT, will enable the creation of an IoT ecosystem as well as the development of smart agriculture. In addition, entrepreneurship, …


Development Of A Real-Time Single-Lead Single-Beat Frequency-Independent Myocardial Infarction Detector, Harold Martin 2021 Florida International University

Development Of A Real-Time Single-Lead Single-Beat Frequency-Independent Myocardial Infarction Detector, Harold Martin

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The central aim of this research is the development and deployment of a novel multilayer machine learning design with unique application for the diagnosis of myocardial infarctions (MIs) from individual heartbeats of single-lead electrocardiograms (EKGs) irrespective of their sampling frequencies over a given range. To the best of our knowledge, this design is the first to attempt inter-patient myocardial infarction detection from individual heartbeats of single-lead (lead II) electrocardiograms that achieves high accuracy and near real-time diagnosis. The processing time of 300 milliseconds to a diagnosis is just at the time range in between extremely fast heartbeats of around 300 …


Building And Using Digital Libraries For Etds, Edward A. Fox 2021 Virginia Tech

Building And Using Digital Libraries For Etds, Edward A. Fox

The Journal of Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Despite the high value of electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs), the global collection has seen limited use. To extend such use, a new approach to building digital libraries (DLs) is needed. Fortunately, recent decades have seen that a vast amount of “gray literature” has become available through a diverse set of institutional repositories as well as regional and national libraries and archives. Most of the works in those collections include ETDs and are often freely available in keeping with the open-access movement, but such access is limited by the services of supporting information systems. As explained through a set of …


Efficacy Of Incident Response Certification In The Workforce, Samuel Jarocki 2021 Dakota State University

Efficacy Of Incident Response Certification In The Workforce, Samuel Jarocki

Masters Theses & Doctoral Dissertations

Numerous cybersecurity certifications are available both commercially and via institutes of higher learning. Hiring managers, recruiters, and personnel accountable for new hires need to make informed decisions when selecting personnel to fill positions. An incident responder or security analyst's role requires near real-time decision-making, pervasive knowledge of the environments they are protecting, and functional situational awareness. This concurrent mixed methods paper studies whether current commercial certifications offered in the cybersecurity realm, particularly incident response, provide useful indicators for a viable hiring candidate.

Managers and non-managers alike do prefer hiring candidates with an incident response certification. Both groups affirmatively believe commercial …


Block The Root Takeover: Validating Devices Using Blockchain Protocol, Sharmila Paul 2021 Dakota State University

Block The Root Takeover: Validating Devices Using Blockchain Protocol, Sharmila Paul

Masters Theses & Doctoral Dissertations

This study addresses a vulnerability in the trust-based STP protocol that allows malicious users to target an Ethernet LAN with an STP Root-Takeover Attack. This subject is relevant because an STP Root-Takeover attack is a gateway to unauthorized control over the entire network stack of a personal or enterprise network. This study aims to address this problem with a potentially trustless research solution called the STP DApp. The STP DApp is the combination of a kernel /net modification called stpverify and a Hyperledger Fabric blockchain framework in a NodeJS runtime environment in userland. The STP DApp works as an Intrusion …


Towards Identity Relationship Management For Internet Of Things, Mohammad Muntasir Nur 2021 Dakota State University

Towards Identity Relationship Management For Internet Of Things, Mohammad Muntasir Nur

Masters Theses & Doctoral Dissertations

Identity and Access Management (IAM) is in the core of any information systems. Traditional IAM systems manage users, applications, and devices within organizational boundaries, and utilize static intelligence for authentication and access control. Identity federation has helped a lot to deal with boundary limitation, but still limited to static intelligence – users, applications and devices must be under known boundaries. However, today’s IAM requirements are much more complex. Boundaries between enterprise and consumer space, on premises and cloud, personal devices and organization owned devices, and home, work and public places are fading away. These challenges get more complicated for Internet …


Traversing Nat: A Problem, Tyler Flaagan 2021 Dakota State University

Traversing Nat: A Problem, Tyler Flaagan

Masters Theses & Doctoral Dissertations

This quasi-experimental before-and-after study measured and analyzed the impacts of adding security to a new bi-directional Network Address Translation (NAT). Literature revolves around various types of NAT, their advantages and disadvantages, their security models, and networking technologies’ adoption. The study of the newly created secure bi-directional model of NAT showed statistically significant changes in the variables than another model using port forwarding. Future research of how data will traverse networks is crucial in an ever-changing world of technology.


Load Balancing And Resource Allocation In Smart Cities Using Reinforcement Learning, Aseel AlOrbani 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Load Balancing And Resource Allocation In Smart Cities Using Reinforcement Learning, Aseel Alorbani

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Today, smart city technology is being adopted by many municipal governments to improve their services and to adapt to growing and changing urban population. Implementing a smart city application can be one of the most challenging projects due to the complexity, requirements and constraints. Sensing devices and computing components can be numerous and heterogeneous. Increasingly, researchers working in the smart city arena are looking to leverage edge and cloud computing to support smart city development. This approach also brings a number of challenges. Two of the main challenges are resource allocation and load balancing of tasks associated with processing data …


Hybrid Cloud Workload Monitoring As A Service, Shreya Kundu 2021 San Jose State University

Hybrid Cloud Workload Monitoring As A Service, Shreya Kundu

Master's Projects

Cloud computing and cloud-based hosting has become embedded in our daily lives. It is imperative for cloud providers to make sure all services used by both enterprises and consumers have high availability and elasticity to prevent any downtime, which impacts negatively for any business. To ensure cloud infrastructures are working reliably, cloud monitoring becomes an essential need for both businesses, the provider and the consumer. This thesis project reports on the need of efficient scalable monitoring, enumerating the necessary types of metrics of interest to be collected. Current understanding of various architectures designed to collect, store and process monitoring data …


Neural Architecture Search As Sparse Supernet, Y. WU, A. LIU, Zhiwu HUANG, S. ZHANG, Gool L. VAN 2021 Singapore Management University

Neural Architecture Search As Sparse Supernet, Y. Wu, A. Liu, Zhiwu Huang, S. Zhang, Gool L. Van

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

This paper aims at enlarging the problem of Neural Architecture Search (NAS) from Single-Path and Multi-Path Search to automated Mixed-Path Search. In particular, we model the NAS problem as a sparse supernet using a new continuous architecture representation with a mixture of sparsity constraints. The sparse supernet enables us to automatically achieve sparsely-mixed paths upon a compact set of nodes. To optimize the proposed sparse supernet, we exploit a hierarchical accelerated proximal gradient algorithm within a bi-level optimization framework. Extensive experiments on Convolutional Neural Network and Recurrent Neural Network search demonstrate that the proposed method is capable of searching for …


Reduced Multiplicative Complexity Discrete Cosine Transform (Dct) Circuitry, Sirani Kanchana Mututhanthrige Perera 2021 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Reduced Multiplicative Complexity Discrete Cosine Transform (Dct) Circuitry, Sirani Kanchana Mututhanthrige Perera

Publications

System and techniques for reduced multiplicative complex­ity discrete cosine transform (DCT) circuitry are described herein. An input data set can be received and, upon the input data set, a self-recursive DCT technique can be performed to produce a transformed data set. Here, the self-recursive DCT technique is based on a product of factors of a specified type of DCT technique. Recursive components of the technique are of the same DCT type as that of the DCT technique. The transformed data set can then be produced to a data con­sumer.


Development Of A Reference Design For Intrusion Detection Using Neural Networks For A Smart Inverter, Ammar Mohammad Khan 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Development Of A Reference Design For Intrusion Detection Using Neural Networks For A Smart Inverter, Ammar Mohammad Khan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this thesis is to develop a reference design for a base level implementation of an intrusion detection module using artificial neural networks that is deployed onto an inverter and runs on live data for cybersecurity purposes, leveraging the latest deep learning algorithms and tools. Cybersecurity in the smart grid industry focuses on maintaining optimal standards of security in the system and a key component of this is being able to detect cyberattacks. Although researchers and engineers aim to design such devices with embedded security, attacks can and do still occur. The foundation for eventually mitigating these attacks …


Occam Manual, Martin Zwick 2021 Portland State University

Occam Manual, Martin Zwick

Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Occam is a Discrete Multivariate Modeling (DMM) tool based on the methodology of Reconstructability Analysis (RA). Its typical usage is for analysis of problems involving large numbers of discrete variables. Models are developed which consist of one or more components, which are then evaluated for their fit and statistical significance. Occam can search the lattice of all possible models, or can do detailed analysis on a specific model.

In Variable-Based Modeling (VBM), model components are collections of variables. In State-Based Modeling (SBM), components identify one or more specific states or substates.

Occam provides a web-based interface, which …


Improving Energy Efficiency Through Compiler Optimizations, Jack Beckitt-Marshall 2021 Bowdoin College

Improving Energy Efficiency Through Compiler Optimizations, Jack Beckitt-Marshall

Honors Projects

Abstract--- Energy efficiency is becoming increasingly important for computation, especially in the context of the current climate crisis. The aim of this experiment was to see if the compiler could reduce energy usage without rewriting programs themselves. The experimental setup consisted of compiling programs using the Clang compiler using a set of compiler flags, and then measuring energy usage and execution time on an AMD Ryzen processor. Three experiments were performed: a random exploration of compiler flags, utilization of SIMD, as well as benchmarking real world applications. It was found that the compiler was able to reduce execution time, especially …


A Survey Of Enabling Technologies For Smart Communities, Amna Iqbal, Stephan Olariu 2021 Old Dominion University

A Survey Of Enabling Technologies For Smart Communities, Amna Iqbal, Stephan Olariu

Computer Science Faculty Publications

In 2016, the Japanese Government publicized an initiative and a call to action for the implementation of a "Super Smart Society" announced as Society 5.0. The stated goal of Society 5.0 is to meet the various needs of the members of society through the provisioning of goods and services to those who require them, when they are required and in the amount required, thus enabling the citizens to live an active and comfortable life. In spite of its genuine appeal, details of a feasible path to Society 5.0 are conspicuously missing. The first main goal of this survey is to …


Xtreme-Noc: Extreme Gradient Boosting Based Latency Model For Network-On-Chip Architectures, Ilma Sheriff 2021 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Xtreme-Noc: Extreme Gradient Boosting Based Latency Model For Network-On-Chip Architectures, Ilma Sheriff

All Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

Multiprocessor System-on-Chip (MPSoC) integrating heterogeneous processing elements (CPU, GPU, Accelerators, memory, I/O modules ,etc.) are the de-facto design choice to meet the ever-increasing performance/Watt requirements from modern computing machines. Although at consumer level the number of processing elements (PE) are limited to 8-16, for high end servers, the number of PEs can scale up to hundreds. A Network-on-Chip (NoC) is a microscale network that facilitates the packetized communication among the PEs in such complex computational systems. Due to the heterogeneous integration of the cores, execution of diverse (serial and parallel) applications on the PEs, application mapping strategies, and many other …


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