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Experiences With Scala Across The College-Level Curriculum, Konstantin Läufer, George K. Thiruvathukal, Mark C. Lewis 2017 Loyola University Chicago

Experiences With Scala Across The College-Level Curriculum, Konstantin Läufer, George K. Thiruvathukal, Mark C. Lewis

Konstantin Läufer

Various hybrid-functional languages, designed to balance compile-time error detection, conciseness, and performance, have emerged. Scala, e.g., is interoperable with Java and has become an early leader in adoption, especially in the start-up and open-source spaces. As educators, we have recognized Scala’s value as a teaching language across the CS curriculum. In CS1, the read-eval-print loop and simple, uniform syntax aid programming in the small. In CS2, higher-order methods allow concise, efficient manipulation of collections. In a programming languages course, advanced constructs facilitate the separation of concerns, program representation and interpretation, and concurrent programming. In advanced applied courses, language ...


Interactive Visual Analytics Application For Spatiotemporal Movement Data, Yifei GUAN, Tin Seong KAM 2017 Singapore Management University

Interactive Visual Analytics Application For Spatiotemporal Movement Data, Yifei Guan, Tin Seong Kam

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

The Visual Analytics Science and Technology (VAST) Challenge 2017 Mini-Challenge 1 dataset mirrored the challenging scenarios in analysing large spatiotemporal movement tracking datasets. The datasets provided contains a 13-month movement data generated by five types of sensors, for six types of vehicles passing through the Boonsong Lekagul Nature Preserve. We present an application developed with the market leading visualisation software Tableau to provide an interactive visual analysis of the multi-dimensional spatiotemporal datasets. Our interactive application allows the user to perform an interactive analysis to observe movement patterns, study vehicle trajectories and identify movement anomalies while allowing them to customise the ...


Interactive Visual Analytics Application For Spatio-Temporal Movement Data, Yifei GUAN, Tin Seong KAM 2017 Singapore Management University

Interactive Visual Analytics Application For Spatio-Temporal Movement Data, Yifei Guan, Tin Seong Kam

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

The Visual Analytics Science and Technology (VAST) Challenge 2017 Mini-Challenge 1 dataset mirrored the challenging scenarios in analysing large spatiotemporal movement tracking datasets. The datasets provided contains a 13-month movement data generated by five types of sensors, for six types of vehicles passing through the Boonsong Lekagul Nature Preserve. We present an application developed with the market leading visualisation software Tableau to provide an interactive visual analysis of the multi-dimensional spatiotemporal datasets. Our interactive application allows the user to perform an interactive analysis to observe movement patterns, study vehicle trajectories and identify movement anomalies while allowing them to customise the ...


Fastshrinkage: Perceptually-Aware Retargeting Toward Mobile Platforms, Zhenguang LIU, Zepeng WANG, Luming ZHANG, Rajiv Ratn SHAH, Yingjie XIA, Yi YANG, Wei LIU 2017 Singapore Management University

Fastshrinkage: Perceptually-Aware Retargeting Toward Mobile Platforms, Zhenguang Liu, Zepeng Wang, Luming Zhang, Rajiv Ratn Shah, Yingjie Xia, Yi Yang, Wei Liu

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Retargeting aims at adapting an original high-resolution photo/video to a low-resolution screen with an arbitrary aspect ratio. Conventional approaches are generally based on desktop PCs, since the computation might be intolerable for mobile platforms (especially when retargeting videos). Besides, only low-level visual features are exploited typically, whereas human visual perception is not well encoded. In this paper, we propose a novel retargeting framework which fast shrinks photo/video by leveraging human gaze behavior. Specifically, we first derive a geometry-preserved graph ranking algorithm, which efficiently selects a few salient object patches to mimic human gaze shifting path (GSP) when viewing ...


Tagscan: Simultaneous Target Imaging And Material Identification With Commodity Rfid Devices, Ju WANG, Jie XIONG, Xiaojiang CHEN, Hongbo JIANG, Rajesh Krishna BALAN, Dingyi FANG 2017 Singapore Management University

Tagscan: Simultaneous Target Imaging And Material Identification With Commodity Rfid Devices, Ju Wang, Jie Xiong, Xiaojiang Chen, Hongbo Jiang, Rajesh Krishna Balan, Dingyi Fang

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Target imaging and material identification play an important role in many real-life applications. This paper introduces TagScan, a system that can identify the material type and image the horizontal cut of a target simultaneously with cheap commercial of-the-shelf (COTS) RFID devices. The key intuition is that different materials and target sizes cause different amounts of phase and RSS (Received Signal Strength) changes when radio frequency (RF) signal penetrates through the target. Multiple challenges need to be addressed before we can turn the idea into a functional system including (i) indoor environments exhibit rich multipath which breaks the linear relationship between ...


A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Catherine Putonti, George K. Thiruvathukal, Konstantin Läufer 2017 Loyola University Chicago

A Polyglot Approach To Bioinformatics Data Integration: Phylogenetic Analysis Of Hiv-1, Steven Reisman, Catherine Putonti, George K. Thiruvathukal, Konstantin Läufer

Catherine Putonti

RNA-interference has potential therapeutic use against HIV-1 by targeting highly-functional mRNA sequences that contribute to the virulence of the virus. Empirical work has shown that within cell lines, all of the HIV-1 genes are affected by RNAi-induced gene silencing. While promising, inherent in this treatment is the fact that RNAi sequences must be highly specific. HIV, however, mutates rapidly, leading to the evolution of viral escape mutants. In fact, such strains are under strong selection to include mutations within the targeted region, evading the RNAi therapy and thus increasing the virus’ fitness in the host. Taking a phylogenetic approach, we ...


Using Osgeo Solutions For Local Development Systems Implementation. The Experience For The Northern Region Of Costa Rica, López-Villegas Oscar, Víquez-Acuña Oscar, Víquez-Acuña Leonardo 2017 Costa Rica Institute of Technology

Using Osgeo Solutions For Local Development Systems Implementation. The Experience For The Northern Region Of Costa Rica, López-Villegas Oscar, Víquez-Acuña Oscar, Víquez-Acuña Leonardo

Free and Open Source Software for Geospatial (FOSS4G) Conference Proceedings

Although some general definitions classify Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDI) as technological standards, institutional and even political agreements, which allow the discovery and use of geospatial information by users for different purposes [Kuhn 2005], computationally this platforms are valuable data repositories that should reach people efficiently and effectively for analysis and decision making on issues of collective interest. Costa Rica has several SDIs experiences at national level (SNIT - http://www.snitcr.go.cr), regional level (IDEHN - http://www.idehn.tec.ac.cr) or local/cantonal level (IDESCA - http://idesca.cr). Those infrastructures can facilitate access between geospatial information managers and their ...


Architecture-Based Self-Adaptation For Moving Target Defense (Cmu-Isr-14-109), Bradley Schmerl, Javier Camara, Gabriel Moreno, David Garlan, Andrew O. Mellinger 2017 Carnegie Mellon University

Architecture-Based Self-Adaptation For Moving Target Defense (Cmu-Isr-14-109), Bradley Schmerl, Javier Camara, Gabriel Moreno, David Garlan, Andrew O. Mellinger

Gabriel A. Moreno

The fundamental premise behind Moving Target Defense (MTD) is to create a dynamic and shifting system that is more difficult to attack than a static system because a constantly changing attack surface at least reduces the chance of an attacker finding and exploiting the weakness. However, MTD approaches are typically chosen without regard to other qualities of the system, such as performance or cost. This report explores the use of self-adaptive systems, in particular those based on the architecture of the running system. A systems software architecture can be used to trade off different quality dimensions of the system. In ...


A Tree Locality-Sensitive Hash For Secure Software Testing, Camdon J. Cady 2017 Air Force Institute of Technology

A Tree Locality-Sensitive Hash For Secure Software Testing, Camdon J. Cady

Theses and Dissertations

Bugs in software that make it through testing can cost tens of millions of dollars each year, and in some cases can even result in the loss of human life. In order to eliminate bugs, developers may use symbolic execution to search through possible program states looking for anomalous states. Most of the computational effort to search through these states is spent solving path constraints in order to determine the feasibility of entering each state. State merging can make this search more efficient by combining program states, allowing multiple execution paths to be analyzed at the same time. However, a ...


Performance Analysis Of Security Aspects In Uml Models, Dorin Bogdan Petriu, Dorina C. Petriu, C Murray Woodside, Jing Xiu, Toqeer A. Israr, Geri Georg, Robert B. France, James M. Bieman, Siv Holde Houmb, Jan Jurjens 2017 Carleton University

Performance Analysis Of Security Aspects In Uml Models, Dorin Bogdan Petriu, Dorina C. Petriu, C Murray Woodside, Jing Xiu, Toqeer A. Israr, Geri Georg, Robert B. France, James M. Bieman, Siv Holde Houmb, Jan Jurjens

Toqeer A Israr

The focus of the paper is on the analysis of performance effects of different security solutions modeled as aspects in UML. Aspect oriented modeling (AOM) allows software designers to isolate and separately address solutions for crosscutting concerns, which are defined as distinct UML aspect models, then are composed with the primary UML model of the system under development. For performance analysis we use techniques developed previously in the PUMA project, which take as input UML models annotated with the standard UML Profile for Schedulability, Performance and Time (SPT), and transform them first into Core Scenario Model (CSM) and then into ...


Impacts Of Java Language Features On The Memory Performances Of Android Apps, Yoonsik Cheon, Adriana Escobar De La Torre 2017 University of Texas at El Paso

Impacts Of Java Language Features On The Memory Performances Of Android Apps, Yoonsik Cheon, Adriana Escobar De La Torre

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

Android apps are written in Java, but unlike Java applications they are resource-constrained in storage capacity and battery lifetime. In this document, we perform an experiment to measure quantitatively the impact of Java language and standard API features on the memory efficiency of Android apps. We focus on garbage collection because it is a critical process for performance affecting user experience. We learned that even Java language constructs and standard application programming interfaces (APIs) may be a source of a performance problem causing a significant memory overhead for Android apps. Any critical section of code needs to be scrutinized on ...


Inference Of Development Activities From Interaction With Uninstrumented Applications, Lingfeng BAO, Zhenchang XING, Xin XIA, LO, Ahmed E. HASSAN 2017 Singapore Management University

Inference Of Development Activities From Interaction With Uninstrumented Applications, Lingfeng Bao, Zhenchang Xing, Xin Xia, Lo, Ahmed E. Hassan

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Studying developers’ behavior in software development tasks is crucial for designing effective techniques and tools to support developers’ daily work. In modern software development, developers frequently use different applications including IDEs, Web Browsers, documentation software (such as Office Word, Excel, and PDF applications), and other tools to complete their tasks. This creates significant challenges in collecting and analyzing developers’ behavior data. Researchers usually instrument the software tools to log developers’ behavior for further studies. This is feasible for studies on development activities using specific software tools. However, instrumenting all software tools commonly used in real work settings is difficult and ...


Code Coverage And Postrelease Defects: A Large-Scale Study On Open Source Projects, Pavneet Singh KOCHHAR, David LO, Julia LAWALL, Nachiappan NAGAPPAN 2017 Singapore Management University

Code Coverage And Postrelease Defects: A Large-Scale Study On Open Source Projects, Pavneet Singh Kochhar, David Lo, Julia Lawall, Nachiappan Nagappan

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Testing is a pivotal activity in ensuring the quality of software. Code coverage is a common metric used as a yardstick to measure the efficacy and adequacy of testing. However, does higher coverage actually lead to a decline in postrelease bugs? Do files that have higher test coverage actually have fewer bug reports? The direct relationship between code coverage and actual bug reports has not yet been analyzed via a comprehensive empirical study on real bugs. Past studies only involve a few software systems or artificially injected bugs (mutants). In this empirical study, we examine these questions in the context ...


Audiosense: Sound-Based Shopper Behavior Analysis System, Amit SHARMA, Youngki LEE 2017 Singapore Management University

Audiosense: Sound-Based Shopper Behavior Analysis System, Amit Sharma, Youngki Lee

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

This paper presents AudioSense, the system to monitor user-item interactions inside a store hence enabling precisely customized promotions. A shopper's smartwatch emits sound every time the shopper picks up or touches an item inside a store. This sound is then localized, in 2D space, by calculating the angles of arrival captured by multiple microphones deployed on the racks. Lastly, the 2D location is mapped to specific items on the rack based on the rack layout information. In our initial experiments conducted with a single rack with 16 compartments, we could localize the shopper's smartwatch with a median estimation ...


D-Watch: Embracing “Bad” Multipaths For Device-Free Localization With Cots Rfid Devices, Ju WANG, Jie XIONG, Hongbo JIANG, Xiaojiang CHEN, Dingyi FANG 2017 Singapore Management University

D-Watch: Embracing “Bad” Multipaths For Device-Free Localization With Cots Rfid Devices, Ju Wang, Jie Xiong, Hongbo Jiang, Xiaojiang Chen, Dingyi Fang

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Device-free localization, which does not require any device attached to the target, is playing a critical role in many applications, such as intrusion detection, elderly monitoring and so on. This paper introduces D-Watch, a device-free system built on the top of low cost commodity-off-the-shelf RFID hardware. Unlike previous works which consider multipaths detrimental, D-Watch leverages the ''bad'' multipaths to provide a decimeter-level localization accuracy without offline training. D-Watch harnesses the angle-of-arrival information from the RFID tags' backscatter signals. The key intuition is that whenever a target blocks a signal's propagation path, the signal power experiences a drop which can ...


Attribute-Based Keyword Search Over Hierarchical Data In Cloud Computing, Yinbin MIAO, Jianfeng MA, Ximeng LIU, Xinghua LI, Qi JIANG, Junwei ZHANG 2017 Singapore Management University

Attribute-Based Keyword Search Over Hierarchical Data In Cloud Computing, Yinbin Miao, Jianfeng Ma, Ximeng Liu, Xinghua Li, Qi Jiang, Junwei Zhang

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Searchable encryption (SE) has been a promising technology which allows users to perform search queries over encrypted data. However, the most of existing SE schemes cannot deal with the shared records that have hierarchical structures. In this paper, we devise a basic cryptographic primitive called as attribute-based keyword search over hierarchical data (ABKS-HD) scheme by using the ciphertext-policy attribute-based encryption (CP-ABE) technique, but this basic scheme cannot satisfy all the desirable requirements of cloud systems. The facts that the single keyword search will yield many irrelevant search results and the revoked users can access the unauthorized data with the old ...


Secure Integer Comparisons Using The Homomorphic Properties Of Prime Power Subgroups, Rhys A. Carlton 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Secure Integer Comparisons Using The Homomorphic Properties Of Prime Power Subgroups, Rhys A. Carlton

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Secure multi party computation allows two or more parties to jointly compute a function under encryption without leaking information about their private inputs. These secure computations are vital in many fields including law enforcement, secure voting and bioinformatics because the privacy of the information is of paramount importance.

One common reference problem for secure multi party computation is the Millionaires' problem which was first introduced by Turing Award winner Yao in his paper "Protocols for secure computation". The Millionaires' problem considers two millionaires who want to know who is richer without disclosing their actual worth.

There are public-key cryptosystems that ...


Parallelization Of Molecular Docking Algorithms Using Cuda For Use In Drug Discovery, Brandon Stewart, Jonathan Fine, Gaurav Chopra PhD 2017 Purdue University

Parallelization Of Molecular Docking Algorithms Using Cuda For Use In Drug Discovery, Brandon Stewart, Jonathan Fine, Gaurav Chopra Phd

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Traditional drug discovery methodology uses a multitude of software packages to design and evaluate new drug-like compounds. While software packages implement a wide variety of methods, the serial (i.e. single core) implementation for many of these algorithms, prohibit large scale docking, such as proteome-wide docking (i.e. thousands of compounds with thousands of proteins). Several docking algorithms can be parallelized, significantly reducing the runtime of the calculations, thus enabling large-scale docking. Implementing algorithms that take advantage of the distributed nature of graphical processing units (GPUs) via the Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA) enables us to efficiently implement massively parallel ...


A Gpu Implementation Of Distance-Driven Computed Tomography, Ryan D. Wagner 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

A Gpu Implementation Of Distance-Driven Computed Tomography, Ryan D. Wagner

Masters Theses

Computed tomography (CT) is used to produce cross-sectional images of an object via noninvasive X-ray scanning of the object. These images have a wide range of uses including threat detection in checked baggage at airports. The projection data collected by the CT scanner must be reconstructed before the image may be viewed. In comparison to filtered backprojection methods of reconstruction, iterative reconstruction algorithms have been shown to increase overall image quality by incorporating a more complete model of the underlying physics. Unfortunately, iterative algorithms are generally too slow to meet the high throughput demands of this application. It is therefore ...


Will This Localization Tool Be Effective For This Bug? Mitigating The Impact Of Unreliability Of Information Retrieval Based Bug Localization Tools, Tien-Duy B. LE, Ferdian THUNG, David LO 2017 Singapore Management University

Will This Localization Tool Be Effective For This Bug? Mitigating The Impact Of Unreliability Of Information Retrieval Based Bug Localization Tools, Tien-Duy B. Le, Ferdian Thung, David Lo

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Information retrieval (IR) based bug localization approaches process a textual bug report and a collection of source code files to find buggy files. They output a ranked list of files sorted by their likelihood to contain the bug. Recently, several IR-based bug localization tools have been proposed. However, there are no perfect tools that can successfully localize faults within a few number of most suspicious program elements for every single input bug report. Therefore, it is difficult for developers to decide which tool would be effective for a given bug report. Furthermore, for some bug reports, no bug localization tools ...


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