Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

OS and Networks Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1337 Full-Text Articles 1293 Authors 213823 Downloads 71 Institutions

All Articles in OS and Networks

Faceted Search

1337 full-text articles. Page 1 of 37.

Eassistant: Cognitive Assistance For Identification And Auto-Triage Of Actionable Conversations, Hamid R. Motahari Nezhad, Kalpa Gunaratna, Juan Cappi 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Eassistant: Cognitive Assistance For Identification And Auto-Triage Of Actionable Conversations, Hamid R. Motahari Nezhad, Kalpa Gunaratna, Juan Cappi

Kno.e.sis Publications

The browser and screen have been the main user interfaces of the Web and mobile apps. The notification mechanism is an evolution in the user interaction paradigm by keeping users updated without checking applications. Conversational agents are posed to be the next revolution in user interaction paradigms. However, without intelligence on the triage of content served by the interaction and content differentiation in applications, interaction paradigms may still place the burden of information overload on users. In this paper, we focus on the problem of intelligent identification of actionable information in the content served by applications, and in particular in ...


Zone Based Hybrid Approach For Clustering And Data Collection In Wireless Sensor Networks, Karanam R. Dayananda, Jeremy Straub 2017 North Dakota State University--Fargo

Zone Based Hybrid Approach For Clustering And Data Collection In Wireless Sensor Networks, Karanam R. Dayananda, Jeremy Straub

Jeremy Straub

A wireless sensor network (WSN) is a collection of
spatially distributed autonomous sensor nodes that can be used to
monitor, among other things, environmental conditions. WSN
sensor nodes are constrained by their limited energy supply,
communication range and local computational capabilities. Data
routing is an area that can be optimized to allow nodes to conserve
energy, improving the network’s overall lifetime. Though many
routing protocols can be used, using a clustering protocol can play
an important role in conserving WSN energy. Under this
approach, the network is divided into multiple clusters. The
leader of each cluster supervises data transmission ...


On Leveraging Multi-Path Transport In Mobile Networks, Yeon-sup Lim 2017 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

On Leveraging Multi-Path Transport In Mobile Networks, Yeon-Sup Lim

Doctoral Dissertations May 2014 - current

Multi-Path TCP (MPTCP) is a new transport protocol that enables mobile devices to simultaneously use several physical paths through multiple network interfaces. MPTCP is particularly useful for mobile devices, which usually have multiple wireless interfaces such as IEEE 802.11 (WiFi), cellular (3G/LTE), and Bluetooth. However, applying MPTCP to mobile devices introduces new concerns since they operate in harsh environments with resource constraints due to intermittent path availability and limited power supply. The goal of this thesis is to resolve these problems so as to be able to practically deploy MPTCP in mobile devices.

The first part of the ...


Preliminary Investigation Of Walking Motion Using A Combination Of Image And Signal Processing, Bradley Schneider, Tanvi Banerjee 2016 Wright State University - Main Campus

Preliminary Investigation Of Walking Motion Using A Combination Of Image And Signal Processing, Bradley Schneider, Tanvi Banerjee

Kno.e.sis Publications

We present the results of analyzing gait motion in first-person video taken from a commercially available wearable camera embedded in a pair of glasses. The video is analyzed with three different computer vision methods to extract motion vectors from different gait sequences from four individuals for comparison against a manually annotated ground truth dataset. Using a combination of signal processing and computer vision techniques, gait features are extracted to identify the walking pace of the individual wearing the camera as well as validated using the ground truth dataset. Our preliminary results indicate that the extraction of activity from the video ...


Android Drone: Remote Quadcopter Control With A Phone, Aubrey John Russell 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Android Drone: Remote Quadcopter Control With A Phone, Aubrey John Russell

Computer Engineering

The purpose of the “Android Drone” project was to create a quadcopter that can be controlled by user input sent over the phone’s Wi-Fi connection or 4G internet connection. Furthermore, the purpose was also to be able to receive live video feedback over the internet connection, thus making the drone an inexpensive option compared to other, equivalent drones that might cost thousands of dollars. Not only that, but the Android phone also has a host of other useful features that could be utilized by the drone: this includes GPS, pathing, picture taking, data storage, networking and TCP/IP, a ...


Who's In And Who's Out?: What's Important In The Cyber World?, Tony M. Kelly 2016 La Salle University

Who's In And Who's Out?: What's Important In The Cyber World?, Tony M. Kelly

HON499 projects

The aim of this paper is to offer an introduction to the exploding field of cybersecurity by asking what are the most important concepts or topics that a new member of the field of cybersecurity should know. This paper explores this question from three perspectives: from the realm of business and how the cyber world is intertwined with modern commerce, including common weaknesses and recommendations, from the academic arena examining how cybersecurity is taught and how it should be taught in a classroom or laboratory environment, and lastly, from the author’s personal experience with the cyber world. Included information ...


Using A Real-Time Object Detection Application To Illustrate Effectiveness Of Offloading And Prefetching In Cloudlet Architecture, XuTong Zhu 2016 The University of Western Ontario

Using A Real-Time Object Detection Application To Illustrate Effectiveness Of Offloading And Prefetching In Cloudlet Architecture, Xutong Zhu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this thesis, we designed and implemented two versions of a real-time object de- tection application: A stand alone version and a cloud version. Through applying the application to a cloudlet environment, we are able to perform experiments and uses the results to illustrate the potential improvement that a cloudlet architecture can bring to mobile applications that require access to large amounts of cloud data or intensive com- putation. Potential improvements include data access speed, reduced CPU and memory usages as well as reduced battery consumption on mobile devices.


Hifocap: An Android App For Wearable Health Devices, Yoonsik Cheon, Rodrigo A. Romero 2016 University of Texas at El Paso

Hifocap: An Android App For Wearable Health Devices, Yoonsik Cheon, Rodrigo A. Romero

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

Android is becoming a platform for mobile health-care devices and apps. However, there are many challenges in developing soft real-time, health-care apps for non-dedicated mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. In this paper we share our experiences in developing the HifoCap app, a mobile app for receiving electroencephalogram (EEG) wave samples from a wearable device, visualizing the received EEG samples, and transmitting them to a cloud storage server. The app is network and data-intensive. We describe the challenges we faced while developing the HifoCap app---e.g., ensuring the soft real-time requirement in the presence of uncertainty on the Android ...


Reducing Power Consumption And Latency In Mobile Devices Using A Push Event Stream Model, Kernel Display Server, And Gui Scheduler, Stephen Gregory Marz 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Reducing Power Consumption And Latency In Mobile Devices Using A Push Event Stream Model, Kernel Display Server, And Gui Scheduler, Stephen Gregory Marz

Doctoral Dissertations

The power consumed by mobile devices can be dramatically reduced by improving how mobile operating systems handle events and display management. Currently, mobile operating systems use a pull model that employs a polling loop to constantly ask the operating system if an event exists. This constant querying prevents the CPU from entering a deep sleep, which unnecessarily consumes power.

We’ve improved this process by switching to a push model which we refer to as the event stream model (ESM). This model leverages modern device interrupt controllers which automatically notify an application when events occur, thus removing the need to ...


User Identity Linkage By Latent User Space Modelling, Xin MU, Feida ZHU, Ee-Peng LIM, Jing XIAO, Jianzong WANG, Zhi-Hua ZHOU 2016 Singapore Management University

User Identity Linkage By Latent User Space Modelling, Xin Mu, Feida Zhu, Ee-Peng Lim, Jing Xiao, Jianzong Wang, Zhi-Hua Zhou

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

User identity linkage across social platforms is an important problem of great research challenge and practical value. In real applications, the task often assumes an extra degree of difficulty by requiring linkage across multiple platforms. While pair-wise user linkage between two platforms, which has been the focus of most existing solutions, provides reasonably convincing linkage, the result depends by nature on the order of platform pairs in execution with no theoretical guarantee on its stability. In this paper, we explore a new concept of “Latent User Space” to more naturally model the relationship between the underlying real users and their ...


Dynamic Machine Level Resource Allocation To Improve Tasking Performance Across Multiple Processes, Richard Walter Thatcher 2016 Boise State University

Dynamic Machine Level Resource Allocation To Improve Tasking Performance Across Multiple Processes, Richard Walter Thatcher

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Across the landscape of computing, parallelism within applications is increasingly important in order to track advances in hardware capability and meet critical performance metrics. However, writing parallel applications is difficult to do in a scalable way, which has led to the creation of tasking libraries and language extensions like OpenMP, Intel Threading Building Blocks, Qthreads, and more. These tools abstract parallel execution by expressing it in terms of work units (tasks) rather than specific hardware details. This abstraction enables scaling and allows programmers to write software solutions that can leverage whatever level of parallelism is available.However, the typical task ...


What Motivates High School Students To Take Precautions Against The Spread Of Influenza? A Data Science Approach To Latent Modeling Of Compliance With Preventative Practice, William L. Romine, Tanvi Banerjee, William R. Folk, Lloyd H. Barrow 2016 Wright State University - Main Campus

What Motivates High School Students To Take Precautions Against The Spread Of Influenza? A Data Science Approach To Latent Modeling Of Compliance With Preventative Practice, William L. Romine, Tanvi Banerjee, William R. Folk, Lloyd H. Barrow

Kno.e.sis Publications

– This study focuses on a central question: What key behavioral factors influence high school students’ compliance with preventative measures against the transmission of influenza? We use multilevel logistic regression to equate logit measures for eight precautions to students’ latent compliance levels on a common scale. Using linear regression, we explore the efficacy of knowledge of influenza, affective perceptions about influenza and its prevention, prior illness, and gender in predicting compliance. Hand washing and respiratory etiquette are the easiest precautions for students, and hand sanitizer use and keeping the hands away from the face are the most difficult. Perceptions of barriers ...


Optimizing Main Memory Usage In Modern Computing Systems To Improve Overall System Performance, Daniel Jose Campello 2016 Florida International University

Optimizing Main Memory Usage In Modern Computing Systems To Improve Overall System Performance, Daniel Jose Campello

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Operating Systems use fast, CPU-addressable main memory to maintain an application’s temporary data as anonymous data and to cache copies of persistent data stored in slower block-based storage devices. However, the use of this faster memory comes at a high cost. Therefore, several techniques have been implemented to use main memory more efficiently in the literature. In this dissertation we introduce three distinct approaches to improve overall system performance by optimizing main memory usage.

First, DRAM and host-side caching of file system data are used for speeding up virtual machine performance in today’s virtualized data centers. The clustering ...


Raspberry Pi Vpn Travel Router, Daniel S. Pierson 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Raspberry Pi Vpn Travel Router, Daniel S. Pierson

Computer Science

Consumers are increasingly relying on public wireless hotspots to access the internet from a growing number of devices. Usage of these hotspots has expanded from just laptops to everything from iPhones to tablets, which are expected to be internet-connected for full functionality. It has become common for one to check if there’s an open wireless hotspot connection available at places like coffee shops, hotels, restaurants, or even a doctor’s waiting room. The issue that arises is that these public connections present an inherent security risk, as anyone can connect and gain access to the network. For increased security ...


Packet Filter Approach To Detect Denial Of Service Attacks, Essa Yahya M Muharish 2016 California State University, San Bernardino

Packet Filter Approach To Detect Denial Of Service Attacks, Essa Yahya M Muharish

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Denial of service attacks (DoS) are a common threat to many online services. These attacks aim to overcome the availability of an online service with massive traffic from multiple sources. By spoofing legitimate users, an attacker floods a target system with a high quantity of packets or connections to crash its network resources, bandwidth, equipment, or servers. Packet filtering methods are the most known way to prevent these attacks via identifying and blocking the spoofed attack from reaching its target. In this project, the extent of the DoS attacks problem and attempts to prevent it are explored. The attacks categories ...


A Region-Centric Analysis Of The Internet Peering Ecosystem, Rajesh Putta Venkata, Lu Ruan 2016 Iowa State University

A Region-Centric Analysis Of The Internet Peering Ecosystem, Rajesh Putta Venkata, Lu Ruan

Computer Science Technical Reports

The Internet is transitioning from a hierarchical structure to a flat structure where more and more networks participate in public peering at IXPs and private peering at interconnection facilities to increase performance and reduce transit costs. PeeringDB is a public online database containing information about IXPs, facilities, and networks participating at IXPs and facilities. In this paper, we perform an in-depth analysis of the PeeringDB data to gain an understanding of the public and private peering ecosystems in the five regions of the world (i.e., North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Africa). We study how IXPs, facilities ...


Assessing The Gap: Measure The Impact Of Phishing On An Organization, Brad Wardman 2016 PayPal Inc.

Assessing The Gap: Measure The Impact Of Phishing On An Organization, Brad Wardman

Annual Conference on Digital Forensics, Security and Law

Phishing has become one of the most recognized words associated with cybercrime. As more organizations are being targeted by phishing campaigns, there are more options within the industry to deter such attacks. However, there is little research into how much damage these campaigns are causing organizations. This paper will show how financial organizations can be impacted by phishing and present a method for accurately quantifying resultant monetary losses. The methodology presented in this paper can be adapted to other organizations in order to quantify phishing losses across industries.

Keywords: phishing, cybercrime, economics


Sim Card Forensics: Digital Evidence, Nada Ibrahim, Nuha Al Naqbi, Farkhund Iqbal, Omar AlFandi 2016 Zayed University, College of Technological Innovation

Sim Card Forensics: Digital Evidence, Nada Ibrahim, Nuha Al Naqbi, Farkhund Iqbal, Omar Alfandi

Annual Conference on Digital Forensics, Security and Law

With the rapid evolution of the smartphone industry, mobile device forensics has become essential in cybercrime investigation. Currently, evidence forensically-retrieved from a mobile device is in the form of call logs, contacts, and SMSs; a mobile forensic investigator should also be aware of the vast amount of user data and network information that are stored in the mobile SIM card such as ICCID, IMSI, and ADN. The aim of this study is to test various forensic tools to effectively gather critical evidence stored on the SIM card. In the first set of experiments, we compare the selected forensic tools in ...


Wban Security Management In Healthcare Enterprise Environments, Karina Bahena, Manghui Tu 2016 REU Student Fellow, Department of Biological Science, Morton College

Wban Security Management In Healthcare Enterprise Environments, Karina Bahena, Manghui Tu

Annual Conference on Digital Forensics, Security and Law

As healthcare data are pushed online, consumers have raised big concerns on the breach of their personal information. Law and regulations have placed businesses and public organizations under obligations to take actions to prevent such data breaches. Various vulnerabilities have been identified in healthcare enterprise environments, in which the Wireless Body Area Networks (WBAN) remains to be a major vulnerability, which can be easily taken advantage of by determined adversaries. Thus, vulnerabilities of WBAN systems and the effective countermeasure mechanisms to secure WBAN are urgently needed. In this research, first, the architecture of WBAN system has been explored, and the ...


Forensics Analysis Of Privacy Of Portable Web Browsers, Ahmad Ghafarian 2016 Department of Computer Science and Information Systems, Mike Cottrell College of Business

Forensics Analysis Of Privacy Of Portable Web Browsers, Ahmad Ghafarian

Annual Conference on Digital Forensics, Security and Law

Web browser vendors offer a portable web browser option which is considered as one of the features that provides user privacy. Portable web browser is a browser that can be launched from a USB flash drive without the need for its installation on the host machine. Most popular web browsers have portable versions of their browsers as well. Portable web browsing poses a great challenge to computer forensic investigators who try to reconstruct the past browsing history, in case of any computer incidence. This research examines various sources in the host machine such as physical memory, temporary, recent, event files ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress