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Modeling Functional Similarity In Source Code With Graph-Based Siamese Networks, Nikita MEHROTRA, Navdha AGARWAL, Piyush GUPTA, Saket ANAND, David LO, Rahul PURANDARE 2022 Singapore Management University

Modeling Functional Similarity In Source Code With Graph-Based Siamese Networks, Nikita Mehrotra, Navdha Agarwal, Piyush Gupta, Saket Anand, David Lo, Rahul Purandare

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Code clones are duplicate code fragments that share (nearly) similar syntax or semantics. Code clone detection plays an important role in software maintenance, code refactoring, and reuse. A substantial amount of research has been conducted in the past to detect clones. A majority of these approaches use lexical and syntactic information to detect clones. However, only a few of them target semantic clones. Recently, motivated by the success of deep learning models in other fields, including natural language processing and computer vision, researchers have attempted to adopt deep learning techniques to detect code clones. These approaches use lexical information (tokens) …


Gnnlens: A Visual Analytics Approach For Prediction Error Diagnosis Of Graph Neural Networks., Zhihua JIN, Yong WANG, Qianwen WANG, Yao MING, Tengfei MA, Huamin QU 2022 Singapore Management University

Gnnlens: A Visual Analytics Approach For Prediction Error Diagnosis Of Graph Neural Networks., Zhihua Jin, Yong Wang, Qianwen Wang, Yao Ming, Tengfei Ma, Huamin Qu

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) aim to extend deep learning techniques to graph data and have achieved significant progress in graph analysis tasks (e.g., node classification) in recent years. However, similar to other deep neural networks like Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) and Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs), GNNs behave like a black box with their details hidden from model developers and users. It is therefore difficult to diagnose possible errors of GNNs. Despite many visual analytics studies being done on CNNs and RNNs, little research has addressed the challenges for GNNs. This paper fills the research gap with an interactive visual analysis …


Usability Of Health-Related Websites By Filipino-American Adults And Nursing Informatics Experts, Kathleen Begonia 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Usability Of Health-Related Websites By Filipino-American Adults And Nursing Informatics Experts, Kathleen Begonia

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Filipino-Americans are an understudied minority group with high prevalence and mortality from chronic conditions, such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Facing barriers to care and lack of culturally appropriate health resources, they frequently use the internet to obtain health information. It is unknown whether they perceive health-related websites to be useful or easy to use because there are no published usability studies involving this population. Using the Technology Acceptance Model as a theoretical framework, this study investigated the difference between website design ratings by experts and the perceptions of Filipino-American users to determine if usability guidelines influenced the perceived ease …


Me2b Alliance Validation Testing Report: Consumer Perception Of Legal Policies In Digital Technology, Noreen Y. Whysel, Karina Alexanyan, Shaun Spaulting, Julia Little 2022 Me2B Alliance

Me2b Alliance Validation Testing Report: Consumer Perception Of Legal Policies In Digital Technology, Noreen Y. Whysel, Karina Alexanyan, Shaun Spaulting, Julia Little

Publications and Research

Our relationship with technology involves legal agreements that we either review or enter into when using a technology, namely privacy policies and terms of service or terms of use (“TOS/TOU”). We initiated this research to understand if providing a formal rating of the legal policies (privacy policies and TOS/TOUs) would be valuable to consumers (or Me-s). From our early qualitative discussions, we noticed that people were unclear on whether these policies were legally binding contracts or not. Thus, a secondary objective emerged to quantitatively explore whether people knew who these policies protected (if anyone), and if the policies were perceived …


Correlations And Reuse For Fast And Accurate Physically Based Light Transport, Benedikt Bitterli 2022 Dartmouth College

Correlations And Reuse For Fast And Accurate Physically Based Light Transport, Benedikt Bitterli

Dartmouth College Ph.D Dissertations

Light transport is the study of the transfer of light between emitters, surfaces, media and sensors. Fast simulations of light transport play a pivotal role in photo-realistic image synthesis, and find many applications today, including predictive manufacturing, machine learning, scientific visualization and the movie industry. In order to accurately reproduce the appearance of real scenes, light transport must closely approximate the physical laws governing the flow of light. Physically based rendering is a set of principles for codifying these laws into a mathematical model, and is the predominant rendering methodology today.

The representational power of this model is limited to …


Utilization Of Virtual Reality For General Education Purposes, Amit Lal 2022 University of the Pacific

Utilization Of Virtual Reality For General Education Purposes, Amit Lal

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The use of Virtual Reality (VR) in a variety of professional, military, governmental, and educational fields has continued to expand over the past several decades, and the recent Covid-19 pandemic has brought attention to this field. This study surveys 154 college students over 23 questions that include various demographics that can be used to look for discriminators, multiple-choice VR-related questions, as well as a few free-form questions about use of VR in learning environments. The students’ experience with, interest in, and thoughts on how to best use VR vary considerably. The Covid-19 pandemic is found to have limited impact thus …


Taming The Data In The Internet Of Vehicles, Shahab Tayeb 2022 California State University, Fresno

Taming The Data In The Internet Of Vehicles, Shahab Tayeb

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

As an emerging field, the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) has a myriad of security vulnerabilities that must be addressed to protect system integrity. To stay ahead of novel attacks, cybersecurity professionals are developing new software and systems using machine learning techniques. Neural network architectures improve such systems, including Intrusion Detection System (IDSs), by implementing anomaly detection, which differentiates benign data packets from malicious ones. For an IDS to best predict anomalies, the model is trained on data that is typically pre-processed through normalization and feature selection/reduction. These pre-processing techniques play an important role in training a neural network to optimize …


Drivers’ Response To Scenarios When Driving Connected And Automated Vehicles Compared To Vehicles With And Without Driver Assist Technology, Srinivas S. Pulugurtha, Raghuveer Gouribhatla 2022 University of North Carolina at Charlotte

Drivers’ Response To Scenarios When Driving Connected And Automated Vehicles Compared To Vehicles With And Without Driver Assist Technology, Srinivas S. Pulugurtha, Raghuveer Gouribhatla

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

Traffic related crashes cause more than 38,000 fatalities every year in the United States. They are the leading cause of death among drivers up to 54 years in age and incur $871 million in losses each year. Driver errors contribute to about 94% of these crashes. In response, automotive companies have been developing vehicles with advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) that aid in various driving tasks. These features are aimed at enhancing safety by either warning drivers of a potential hazard or picking up certain driving maneuvers like maintaining the lane. These features are already part of vehicles with Driver …


A New Way To Make Music: Processing Digital Audio In Virtual Reality, Gavin E. Payne 2022 Bard College

A New Way To Make Music: Processing Digital Audio In Virtual Reality, Gavin E. Payne

Senior Projects Spring 2022

The work of this project attempts to provide new methods of creating music with technology. The product, Fields, is a functional piece of virtual reality software, providing users an immersive and interactive set of tools used to build and design instruments in a modular manner. Each virtual tool is analogous to musical hardware such as guitar pedals, synthesizers, or samplers, and can be thought of as an effect or instrument on its own. Specific configurations of these virtual audio effects can then be played to produce music, and then even saved by the user to load up and play with …


Deep Learning For Video-Grounded Dialogue Systems, Hung LE 2022 Singapore Management University

Deep Learning For Video-Grounded Dialogue Systems, Hung Le

Dissertations and Theses Collection (Open Access)

In recent years, we have witnessed significant progress in building systems with artificial intelligence. However, despite advancements in machine learning and deep learning, we are still far from achieving autonomous agents that can perceive multi-dimensional information from the surrounding world and converse with humans in natural language. Towards this goal, this thesis is dedicated to building intelligent systems in the task of video-grounded dialogues. Specifically, in a video-grounded dialogue, a system is required to hold a multi-turn conversation with humans about the content of a video. Given an input video, a dialogue history, and a question about the video, the …


Developing An Ios Game Application: Magnet Hockey, Trevor D. Wysong 2022 Bridgewater State University

Developing An Ios Game Application: Magnet Hockey, Trevor D. Wysong

The Graduate Review

Mobile application development requires mindful and meticulous planning. Application design should be responsive and intuitive so that navigation feels natural for the user. All targeted devices should be offered a relatively consistent experience. To ensure this, app performance needs to be closely monitored and different screen sizes and aspect ratios need to be considered when scaling. For an app to become attractive to many people, it should either be competitive with similar apps or be unique and interesting enough to entice people to download it. A unique app should couple familiar elements with new components or twists [8]. People are …


Core Point Pixel-Level Localization By Fingerprint Features In Spatial Domain, Xueyi Yi, Yuzhong Shen, Maosheng Zeng, Yirui Liu, Huahua Chen, Zhijing Zhao 2022 Old Dominion University

Core Point Pixel-Level Localization By Fingerprint Features In Spatial Domain, Xueyi Yi, Yuzhong Shen, Maosheng Zeng, Yirui Liu, Huahua Chen, Zhijing Zhao

Computational Modeling & Simulation Engineering Faculty Publications

Singular point detection is a primary step in fingerprint recognition, especially for fingerprint alignment and classification. But in present there are still some problems and challenges such as more false-positive singular points or inaccurate reference point localization. This paper proposes an accurate core point localization method based on spatial domain features of fingerprint images from a completely different viewpoint to improve the fingerprint core point displacement problem of singular point detection. The method first defines new fingerprint features, called furcation and confluence, to represent specific ridge/valley distribution in a core point area, and uses them to extract the innermost Curve …


Augmented Reality Integrated Welder Training For Mechanical Engineering Technology, Aditya Akundi, Hamid Eisazadeh, Mona Torabizadeh 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Augmented Reality Integrated Welder Training For Mechanical Engineering Technology, Aditya Akundi, Hamid Eisazadeh, Mona Torabizadeh

Engineering Technology Faculty Publications

The shortage of welders is well documented and projected to become more severe for various industries such as shipbuilding in coming years. It is mainly because welding training is a critical and often costly endeavor. This study examines the training potential using augmented reality technology as a critical part of welder training for mechanical engineering technology students. This study assessed the performance of two groups of MET students trained with two different methods. One group received training with the traditional method in three sessions. The second group acquired training initially with an augmented reality welding system for three sessions. Then, …


Multi-User Eye-Tracking, Bhanuka Mahanama 2022 Old Dominion University

Multi-User Eye-Tracking, Bhanuka Mahanama

Computer Science Faculty Publications

The human gaze characteristics provide informative cues on human behavior during various activities. Using traditional eye trackers, assessing gaze characteristics in the wild requires a dedicated device per participant and therefore is not feasible for large-scale experiments. In this study, we propose a commodity hardware-based multi-user eye-tracking system. We leverage the recent advancements in Deep Neural Networks and large-scale datasets for implementing our system. Our preliminary studies provide promising results for multi-user eye-tracking on commodity hardware, providing a cost-effective solution for large-scale studies.


Interpretable Machine Learning For Self-Service High-Risk Decision Making, Charles Recaido 2022 Central Washington University

Interpretable Machine Learning For Self-Service High-Risk Decision Making, Charles Recaido

All Master's Theses

This research contributes to interpretable machine learning via visual knowledge discovery in General Line Coordinates (GLC). The concepts of hyperblocks as interpretable dataset units and GLC are combined to create a visual self-service machine learning model. Two variants of GLC known as Dynamic Scaffold Coordinates (DSC) are proposed. DSC1 and DSC2 can map in a lossless manner multiple dataset attributes to a single two-dimensional (X, Y) Cartesian plane using a dynamic scaffolding graph construction algorithm.

Hyperblock analysis is used to determine visually appealing dataset attribute orders and to reduce line occlusion. It is shown that hyperblocks can generalize decision tree …


Temporally Sliced Photon Primitives For Volumetric Time-Of-Flight Rendering, Yang Liu 2022 Dartmouth College

Temporally Sliced Photon Primitives For Volumetric Time-Of-Flight Rendering, Yang Liu

Dartmouth College Master’s Theses

Traditional steady-state rendering assumes that the light transport has already reached equilibrium. In contrast, time-of-flight rendering removes this assumption and recovers the pattern of light at extremely high temporal resolutions. This novel rendering modality not only provides a way to visualize the propagation of light, but can also empower the advances in time-of-flight imaging and its corresponding applications.

Building on previous work in steady-state volumetric rendering, this thesis introduces a novel framework for deriving new Monte Carlo estimators for solving the time-of-flight rendering problem in participating media. Conceptually, our method starts with any steady-state photon primitive, like a photon plane …


The Utility Of Electroencephalography For User Input, Caleb Maurice 2022 The University of Akron

The Utility Of Electroencephalography For User Input, Caleb Maurice

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The goal of this paper is to introduce the use of noninvasive brain-computer interfaces to prospective computer scientists. Electroencephalography is explained starting with how a user’s brain waves are measured and ending with how the data is parsed to software programs. To further expand on the ability to implement electroencephalography into software code, and example of a simple game is given. This game is an endless runner, meaning that it has no end and stops once the player’s game piece collides with an object. It is coded in the Python computer language.


Balancing User Experience For Mobile One-To-One Interpersonal Telepresence, Kevin Pfeil 2022 University of Central Florida

Balancing User Experience For Mobile One-To-One Interpersonal Telepresence, Kevin Pfeil

Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-

The COVID-19 virus disrupted all aspects of our daily lives, and though the world is finally returning to normalcy, the pandemic has shown us how ill-prepared we are to support social interactions when expected to remain socially distant. Family members missed major life events of their loved ones; face-to-face interactions were replaced with video chat; and the technologies used to facilitate interim social interactions caused an increase in depression, stress, and burn-out. It is clear that we need better solutions to address these issues, and one avenue showing promise is that of Interpersonal Telepresence. Interpersonal Telepresence is an interaction paradigm …


Eye Movement And Pupil Measures: A Review, Bhanuka Mahanama, Yasith Jayawardana, Sundararaman Rengarajan, Gavindya Jayawardena, Leanne Chukoskie, Joseph Snider, Sampath Jayarathna 2022 Old Dominion University

Eye Movement And Pupil Measures: A Review, Bhanuka Mahanama, Yasith Jayawardana, Sundararaman Rengarajan, Gavindya Jayawardena, Leanne Chukoskie, Joseph Snider, Sampath Jayarathna

Computer Science Faculty Publications

Our subjective visual experiences involve complex interaction between our eyes, our brain, and the surrounding world. It gives us the sense of sight, color, stereopsis, distance, pattern recognition, motor coordination, and more. The increasing ubiquity of gaze-aware technology brings with it the ability to track gaze and pupil measures with varying degrees of fidelity. With this in mind, a review that considers the various gaze measures becomes increasingly relevant, especially considering our ability to make sense of these signals given different spatio-temporal sampling capacities. In this paper, we selectively review prior work on eye movements and pupil measures. We first …


The Effect Of Touch Simulation In Virtual Reality Shopping, Ha Kyung Lee, Namhee Yoon, Dooyoung Choi 2022 Old Dominion University

The Effect Of Touch Simulation In Virtual Reality Shopping, Ha Kyung Lee, Namhee Yoon, Dooyoung Choi

STEMPS Faculty Publications

This study aims to explore the effect of touch simulation on virtual reality (VR) store satisfaction mediated by VR shopping self-efficacy and VR shopping pleasure. The moderation effects of the autotelic and instrumental need for touch between touch simulation and VR store satisfaction are also explored. Participants wear a head-mounted display VR device (Oculus Go) in a controlled laboratory environment, and their VR store experience is recorded as data. All participants’ responses (n = 58) are analyzed using SPSS 20.0 for descriptive statistics, reliability analysis, exploratory factor analysis, and the Process macro model analysis. The results show that touch simulation …


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