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Real-Time Capture And Rendering Of Physical Scene With An Efficiently Calibrated Rgb-D Camera Network, Po-Chang Su 2017 University of Kentucky

Real-Time Capture And Rendering Of Physical Scene With An Efficiently Calibrated Rgb-D Camera Network, Po-Chang Su

Theses and Dissertations--Electrical and Computer Engineering

From object tracking to 3D reconstruction, RGB-Depth (RGB-D) camera networks play an increasingly important role in many vision and graphics applications. With the recent explosive growth of Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) platforms, utilizing camera RGB-D camera networks to capture and render dynamic physical space can enhance immersive experiences for users. To maximize coverage and minimize costs, practical applications often use a small number of RGB-D cameras and sparsely place them around the environment for data capturing. While sparse color camera networks have been studied for decades, the problems of extrinsic calibration of and rendering with sparse RGB-D ...


Mouse Vs. Machine: The Game, Cafferty Aiko Frattarelli 2017 Bard College

Mouse Vs. Machine: The Game, Cafferty Aiko Frattarelli

Senior Projects Spring 2017

Many modern video games built by big name companies are coded by a group of people together using, and possibly modifying, an already designed game engine. These games usually have another group of people creating the artwork. In this project, I coded and designed a video game from scratch, as well as created all the artwork used in the game. The player controls a mouse character who fights a variety of monsters. In order to create the complexity of the game, I implement basic neural networks as the enemy artificial intelligence, i.e. the decision making process of the enemy ...


Unboxing Cluster Heatmaps, Sophie J. Engle, S. Whalen, Alark Joshi, K. Pollard 2017 University of San Francisco

Unboxing Cluster Heatmaps, Sophie J. Engle, S. Whalen, Alark Joshi, K. Pollard

Computer Science

Background: Cluster heatmaps are commonly used in biology and related fields to reveal hierarchical clusters in data matrices. This visualization technique has high data density and reveal clusters better than unordered heatmaps alone. However, cluster heatmaps have known issues making them both time consuming to use and prone to error. We hypothesize that visualization techniques without the rigid grid constraint of cluster heatmaps will perform better at clustering-related tasks.

Results: We developed an approach to “unbox” the heatmap values and embed them directly in the hierarchical clustering results, allowing us to use standard hierarchical visualization techniques as alternatives to cluster ...


Correcting Pedestrian Dead Reckoning With Monte Carlo Localization Boxed For Indoor Navigation, Akira T. Murphy 2017 Colby College

Correcting Pedestrian Dead Reckoning With Monte Carlo Localization Boxed For Indoor Navigation, Akira T. Murphy

Honors Theses

Localization of phones is a ubiquitous part of the modern mobile electronics landscape. However, there are many situations where the current method of networked localization fails. A Pedestrian Dead Reckoning System where the location of the user is calculated by counting the steps and direction of the user was implemented as an iOS app with python for data analysis. A novel algorithm for wireless sensor localization using Ad-Hoc Bluetooth networks was proposed. A small experiment was performed proving that the system is nearly equal to state of the art algorithms.


A Workload-Centered Perspective On Reduced Crew Operations In Commercial Aviation, Daniela Schmid 2017 DLR-German Aerospace Centre

A Workload-Centered Perspective On Reduced Crew Operations In Commercial Aviation, Daniela Schmid

2017

Mental workload of a pilot, in short workload, depends on various characteristics of different accumulated tasks on the flight deck. Exogenous task demands and endogenous supply of attentional or information processing resources determine workload [1]. Performance is expect to drop if the demand exceeds the available resources of the pilot. Expertise and experience modulate the endogenous sup- ply of resources like perceiving, updating memory, planing, making a decision, and executing and processing a response. Subsequently, workload manifests in performance variables, subjective experience, and physiological parameters [2]. This is how we can summarize workload very brie y to introduce a model ...


Managing Operator Mental Workload With Standards Based Decision Support, Maurice Wilkins 2017 Yokogawa UK. Ltd.

Managing Operator Mental Workload With Standards Based Decision Support, Maurice Wilkins

2017

H-Workload 2017: The first international symposium on human mental workload, Dublin Institute of Technology, Dublin, Ireland, June 28-30.


Distress And Worry As Mediators In The Relationship Between Psychosocial Risks And Upper Body Musculosketal Complaints In Highly Automated Manufacturing, Fiona Wixted, Leonard O'Sullivan 2017 University of Limerick

Distress And Worry As Mediators In The Relationship Between Psychosocial Risks And Upper Body Musculosketal Complaints In Highly Automated Manufacturing, Fiona Wixted, Leonard O'Sullivan

2017

As a result of an upward trend in automation, the requirement for supervisory monitoring and consequently, cognitive demand has increased in automated manufacturing. The incidence of musculoskeletal disorders has also increased in the manufacturing sector. A model was developed based on survey data to test if distress and worry mediate the relationship between psychosocial factors (job control, cognitive demand, social isolation and skill discretion), stress states and upper body musculoskeletal complaints in highly automated manufacturing companies (n=235). Cognitive demand was shown to be related to higher distress in employees. The data raise the question about the link between job ...


Smart Workload Balancing, Ferdinand Coster 2017 Yokogawa Europe Solutions

Smart Workload Balancing, Ferdinand Coster

2017

The cognitive workload of operators working with automated systems should neither be too high nor too low. A static level of automation is unable to cope with systems that produce large fluctuations in cognitive workload, therefore a method for adaptive automation is proposed that could balance workload by intelligently choosing what to automate and when. To this end the concept of the Cognitive Workload Value factor is introduced, which takes into account both workload and situation awareness. This initial work introduces a possible framework for categorizing and using different workload and situation awareness measures.


Facing Human Workload: The Resilient Ego: A Psychoanalytic Point Of View, Glauco Maria Genga, Maria Gabriella Pediconii 2017 Dublin Institute of Technology

Facing Human Workload: The Resilient Ego: A Psychoanalytic Point Of View, Glauco Maria Genga, Maria Gabriella Pediconii

2017

The paper aims to show new connections among Human Factors, Human Workload and Resilience. We intend: 1) to highlight the role of subject in facing the human workload, inflected as demanding tasks and emergency situations; 2) to show how psychoanalysis can provide novel insights, not only into human errors, but also into human resilience. They have a common denominator, at least in part: the role of subjective contributions even in demanding situations. Human workload includes a work for satisfaction. We recall also the case study of US Airways Flight 1549 water landing (the so called “Miracle on the Hudson”), which ...


Towards A Not Obtrusive Low Cost Biosystem To Assess Risk Perception In Workplace Through Stress Detection, Emanuele Bellini, Serena Benevenuti, Chiara Batistini 2017 LOGOS Ricerca & Innovazione, Florence

Towards A Not Obtrusive Low Cost Biosystem To Assess Risk Perception In Workplace Through Stress Detection, Emanuele Bellini, Serena Benevenuti, Chiara Batistini

2017

The main aim of the article is to build a method to assess risk perception in real time in order to early detect and prevent risk behaviors and possible human errors. To this end, the relation between mental workload and stress as critical factors affecting risk perception has been investigated. In particular the mental-physical activation generated by an increment of the workload has the effect of reducing the resources needed to perceive risk increasing the worker vulnerability. The complexity of the stress phenomenon suggested the adoption of an integrated view. The Functional Model has been adopted to for its holistic ...


Reducing Peak Workload In The Cockpit: A Human In The Loop Simulation Evaluating New Runway Selection Tool, Tanja Bos, Rolf Zon, Wilfred Rouwhorst 2017 NLR-Netherlands Aerospace Centre

Reducing Peak Workload In The Cockpit: A Human In The Loop Simulation Evaluating New Runway Selection Tool, Tanja Bos, Rolf Zon, Wilfred Rouwhorst

2017

In efforts to increase safety and reduce peak workload situations in the cockpit, a tool with a different interaction style was developed for use in case of a runway change instructed by Air Traffic Control during approach. In an experiment a workload comparison was made between the new tool and the conventional cockpit. Workload was measured by means of a self-rating after each experiment run, as well as eye blink frequency during each run. Results show that the self-rated workload decreases with the new tool for one of the two crew members and the blink frequency suggests a workload decrease ...


A Systems Approach To Predicting And Measuring Workload In Rail Traffic Management Systems, Joanna Evans 2017 Thales GTS, Human Factor Engineer

A Systems Approach To Predicting And Measuring Workload In Rail Traffic Management Systems, Joanna Evans

2017

The introduction of systems such as Traffic Management (TM) will result in a number of changes in how the railway is managed for operations and maintenance staff such as, an increase in collaborative working styles and shared responsibilities. In order to react to these changing operational demands and user needs, TM workstation designs need to have greater flexibility and be configurable to support the information requirements for each specific role as well as support each role during different scenarios. Although this flexibility in system design has the potential to enhance performance, it increases the complexity of measuring operator workload. The ...


Evolving Art: Modifying Context Free Art With A Genetic Algorithm, Marina Kent 2017 Scripps College

Evolving Art: Modifying Context Free Art With A Genetic Algorithm, Marina Kent

Scripps Senior Theses

Context Free Design Grammar (CFDG) is a programming language for defining recursive structures that can be used to create art. I use CFDG as a design space for genetic programming, experimenting with various options for crossover, mutation, and fitness. In this exploratory work, multiple generations are manually assessed to determine the usefulness of the mutation strategies and fitness functions. I find that simple value mutation and fitness that alters general program structure is not enough to produce an increase of interesting images in CFDG. I discuss these findings as well as future avenues of inquiry for genetic programming in artistic ...


Deep-Learned Generative Representations Of 3d Shape Families, Haibin Huang 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Deep-Learned Generative Representations Of 3d Shape Families, Haibin Huang

Doctoral Dissertations

Digital representations of 3D shapes are becoming increasingly useful in several emerging applications, such as 3D printing, virtual reality and augmented reality. However, traditional modeling softwares require users to have extensive modeling experience, artistic skills and training to handle their complex interfaces and perform the necessary low-level geometric manipulation commands. Thus, there is an emerging need for computer algorithms that help novice and casual users to quickly and easily generate 3D content. In this work, I will present deep learning algorithms that are capable of automatically inferring parametric representations of shape families, which can be used to generate new 3D ...


Distance Perception In Virtual Environment Through Head-Mounted Displays, Bochao Li 2017 Michigan Technological University

Distance Perception In Virtual Environment Through Head-Mounted Displays, Bochao Li

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Head-mounted displays (HMDs) are popular and affordable wearable display devices which facilitate immersive and interactive viewing experience. Numerous studies have reported that people typically underestimate distances in HMDs.

This dissertation describes a series of research experiments that examined the influence of FOV and peripheral vision on distance perception in HMDs and attempts to provide useful information to HMD manufacturers and software developers to improve perceptual performance of HMD-based virtual environments.

This document is divided into two main parts. The first part describes two experiments that examined distance judgments in Oculus Rift HMDs. Unlike numerous studies found significant distance compression, our ...


Improving Everyday Computing Tasks With Head-Mounted Displays, James Walker 2017 Michigan Technological University

Improving Everyday Computing Tasks With Head-Mounted Displays, James Walker

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

The proliferation of consumer-affordable head-mounted displays (HMDs) has brought a rash of entertainment applications for this burgeoning technology, but relatively little research has been devoted to exploring its potential home and office productivity applications. Can the unique characteristics of HMDs be leveraged to improve users’ ability to perform everyday computing tasks? My work strives to explore this question.

One significant obstacle to using HMDs for everyday tasks is the fact that the real world is occluded while wearing them. Physical keyboards remain the most performant devices for text input, yet using a physical keyboard is difficult when the user can ...


Musical Exercise For People With Visual Impairments, Ridwan Ahmed Khan 2017 Michigan Technological University

Musical Exercise For People With Visual Impairments, Ridwan Ahmed Khan

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

However, it is hard specifically for people with visual impairments to do exercise without proper guidance. They have accessibility issues and thus, without others ’ help, they cannot be sure if they are doing exercise in a consistent form. To address this problem, I have developed a Musical Exercise platform for people with visual impairments . With the help of audio feedback of Musical Exercise, people with visual impairments can perform exercises in a good form consistently. To assess usability of the system and compare different audio profiles of the system, I designed six different con ditions, including blindfolded or visual without ...


An Affordable Vr Environment, Matthew R. Petty 2017 James Madison University

An Affordable Vr Environment, Matthew R. Petty

Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current

Virtual Reality is a powerful technology with the ability to affect our senses in powerful ways. Traditionally used for entertainment, we argue that it can be used for educational purposes as well. In order to get virtual reality into the classroom, we must address its cost and portability, as well as improve the interaction that users experience with the virtual environment. Our solution, a Unity program installed on an iPhone and a Mac, attempts to solve these issues. A technical demo was created that functions and can be interfaced with. While this solution is a proof of concept, its consequences ...


Hindsight: Encouraging Exploration Through Direct Encoding Of Personal Interaction History, MI Feng, Cheng Deng, Evan M. Peck, Lane Harrison 2017 Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Hindsight: Encouraging Exploration Through Direct Encoding Of Personal Interaction History, Mi Feng, Cheng Deng, Evan M. Peck, Lane Harrison

Faculty Journal Articles

Physical and digital objects often leave markers of our use. Website links turn purple after we visit them, for example, showing us information we have yet to explore. These “footprints” of interaction offer substantial benefits in information saturated environments - they enable us to easily revisit old information, systematically explore new information, and quickly resume tasks after interruption. While applying these design principles have been successful in HCI contexts, direct encodings of personal interaction history have received scarce attention in data visualization. One reason is that there is little guidance for integrating history into visualizations where many visual channels are already ...


Handling Relationships In A Wiki System, Yashi Kamboj 2016 San Jose State University

Handling Relationships In A Wiki System, Yashi Kamboj

Master's Projects

Wiki software enables users to manage content on the web, and create or edit web pages freely. Most wiki systems support the creation of hyperlinks on pages and have a simple text syntax for page formatting. A common, more advanced feature is to allow pages to be grouped together as categories. Currently, wiki systems support categorization of pages in a very traditional way by specifying whether a wiki page belongs to a category or not. Categorization represents unary relationship and is not sufficient to represent n-ary relationships, those involving links between multiple wiki pages.

In this project, we extend Yioop ...


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