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“I Think I Discovered A Military Base In The Middle Of The Ocean”—Null Island, The Most Real Of Fictional Places, Levente Juhasz, Peter Mooney 2022 Florida International University

“I Think I Discovered A Military Base In The Middle Of The Ocean”—Null Island, The Most Real Of Fictional Places, Levente Juhasz, Peter Mooney

GIS Center

This paper explores Null Island, a fictional place located at 0° latitude and 0° longitude in the WGS84 (World Geodetic System 1984) geographic coordinate system. Null Island is erroneously associated with large amounts of geographic data in a wide variety of location-based services, place databases, social media and web-based maps. Whereas it was originally considered a joke within the geospatial community, this article will demonstrate implications of its existence, both technological and social in nature, promoting Null Island as a fundamental issue of geographic information that requires more widespread awareness. The article summarizes error sources that lead to data being …


Automated Identification Of Astronauts On Board The International Space Station: A Case Study In Space Archaeology, Rao Hamza Ali, Amir Kanan Kashefi, Alice C. Gorman, Justin St. P. Walsh, Erik J. Linstead 2022 Chapman University

Automated Identification Of Astronauts On Board The International Space Station: A Case Study In Space Archaeology, Rao Hamza Ali, Amir Kanan Kashefi, Alice C. Gorman, Justin St. P. Walsh, Erik J. Linstead

Art Faculty Articles and Research

We develop and apply a deep learning-based computer vision pipeline to automatically identify crew members in archival photographic imagery taken on-board the International Space Station. Our approach is able to quickly tag thousands of images from public and private photo repositories without human supervision with high degrees of accuracy, including photographs where crew faces are partially obscured. Using the results of our pipeline, we carry out a large-scale network analysis of the crew, using the imagery data to provide novel insights into the social interactions among crew during their missions.


(2022 Revision) Chapter 6: Essential Aspects Of Physical Design And Implementation Of Relational Databases, Tatiana Malyuta, Ashwin Satyanarayana 2022 CUNY New York City College of Technology

(2022 Revision) Chapter 6: Essential Aspects Of Physical Design And Implementation Of Relational Databases, Tatiana Malyuta, Ashwin Satyanarayana

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


(2022 Revision) Appendix: Essential Aspects Of Physical Design And Implementation Of Relational Databases, Tatiana Malyuta, Ashwin Satyanarayana 2022 CUNY New York City College of Technology

(2022 Revision) Appendix: Essential Aspects Of Physical Design And Implementation Of Relational Databases, Tatiana Malyuta, Ashwin Satyanarayana

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


(2022 Revision) Chapter 3: Essential Aspects Of Physical Design And Implementation Of Relational Databases, Tatiana Malyuta, Ashwin Satyanarayana 2022 CUNY New York City College of Technology

(2022 Revision) Chapter 3: Essential Aspects Of Physical Design And Implementation Of Relational Databases, Tatiana Malyuta, Ashwin Satyanarayana

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


(2022 Revision) Chapter 1: Essential Aspects Of Physical Design And Implementation Of Relational Databases, Tatiana Malyuta, Ashwin Satyanarayana 2022 CUNY New York City College of Technology

(2022 Revision) Chapter 1: Essential Aspects Of Physical Design And Implementation Of Relational Databases, Tatiana Malyuta, Ashwin Satyanarayana

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


(2022 Revision) Chapter 2: Essential Aspects Of Physical Design And Implementation Of Relational Databases, Tatiana Malyuta, Ashwin Satyanarayana 2022 CUNY New York City College of Technology

(2022 Revision) Chapter 2: Essential Aspects Of Physical Design And Implementation Of Relational Databases, Tatiana Malyuta, Ashwin Satyanarayana

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


(2022 Revision) Chapter 4: Essential Aspects Of Physical Design And Implementation Of Relational Databases, Tatiana Malyuta, Ashwin Satyanarayana 2022 CUNY New York City College of Technology

(2022 Revision) Chapter 4: Essential Aspects Of Physical Design And Implementation Of Relational Databases, Tatiana Malyuta, Ashwin Satyanarayana

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


(2022 Revision) Chapter 5: Essential Aspects Of Physical Design And Implementation Of Relational Databases, Tatiana Malyuta, Ashwin Satyanarayana 2022 CUNY New York City College of Technology

(2022 Revision) Chapter 5: Essential Aspects Of Physical Design And Implementation Of Relational Databases, Tatiana Malyuta, Ashwin Satyanarayana

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


(2022 Revision) Chapter 7: Essential Aspects Of Physical Design And Implementation Of Relational Databases, Tatiana Malyuta, Ashwin Satyanarayana 2022 CUNY New York City College of Technology

(2022 Revision) Chapter 7: Essential Aspects Of Physical Design And Implementation Of Relational Databases, Tatiana Malyuta, Ashwin Satyanarayana

Open Educational Resources

No abstract provided.


Variational Graph Author Topic Modeling, Ce ZHANG, Hady Wirawan LAUW 2022 Singapore Management University

Variational Graph Author Topic Modeling, Ce Zhang, Hady Wirawan Lauw

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

While Variational Graph Auto-Encoder (VGAE) has presented promising ability to learn representations for documents, most existing VGAE methods do not model a latent topic structure and therefore lack semantic interpretability. Exploring hidden topics within documents and discovering key words associated with each topic allow us to develop a semantic interpretation of the corpus. Moreover, documents are usually associated with authors. For example, news reports have journalists specializing in writing certain type of events, academic papers have authors with expertise in certain research topics, etc. Modeling authorship information could benefit topic modeling, since documents by the same authors tend to reveal …


Multimodal Private Signatures, Khoa NGUYEN, Fuchun GUO, Willy SUSILO, Guomin YANG 2022 Singapore Management University

Multimodal Private Signatures, Khoa Nguyen, Fuchun Guo, Willy Susilo, Guomin Yang

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

We introduce Multimodal Private Signature (MPS) - an anonymous signature system that offers a novel accountability feature: it allows a designated opening authority to learn some partial information op about the signer’s identity id, and nothing beyond. Such partial information can flexibly be defined as op = id (as in group signatures), or as op = 0 (like in ring signatures), or more generally, as op = Gj (id), where Gj (·) is a certain disclosing function. Importantly, the value of op is known in advance by the signer, and hence, the latter can decide whether she/he wants to disclose …


Investigating Toxicity Changes Of Cross-Community Redditors From 2 Billion Posts And Comments, Hind ALMEREKHI, Haewoon KWAK, Bernard J. JANSEN 2022 Singapore Management University

Investigating Toxicity Changes Of Cross-Community Redditors From 2 Billion Posts And Comments, Hind Almerekhi, Haewoon Kwak, Bernard J. Jansen

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

This research investigates changes in online behavior of users who publish in multiple communities on Reddit by measuring their toxicity at two levels. With the aid of crowdsourcing, we built a labeled dataset of 10,083 Reddit comments, then used the dataset to train and fine-tune a Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (BERT) neural network model. The model predicted the toxicity levels of 87,376,912 posts from 577,835 users and 2,205,581,786 comments from 890,913 users on Reddit over 16 years, from 2005 to 2020. This study utilized the toxicity levels of user content to identify toxicity changes by the user within the …


Extract Human Mobility Patterns Powered By City Semantic Diagram, Zhangqing SHAN, Weiwei SHAN, Baihua ZHENG 2022 Fudan University

Extract Human Mobility Patterns Powered By City Semantic Diagram, Zhangqing Shan, Weiwei Shan, Baihua Zheng

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

With widespread deployment of GPS devices, massive spatiotemporal trajectories became more accessible. This booming trend paved the solid data ground for researchers to discover the regularities or patterns of human mobility. However, there are still three challenges in semantic pattern extraction including semantic absence, semantic bias and semantic complexity. In this paper, we invent and apply a novel data structure namely City Semantic Diagram to overcome above three challenges. First, our approach resolves semantic absence by exactly identifying semantic behaviours from raw trajectories. Second, the delicate design of semantic purification helps us to detect semantic complexity from human mobility. Third, …


Trajectory Optimization For Safe Navigation In Maritime Traffic Using Historical Data, Chaithanya BASRUR, Arambam James SINGH, Arunesh SINHA, Akshat KUMAR, T. K. Satish KUMAR 2022 Singapore Management University

Trajectory Optimization For Safe Navigation In Maritime Traffic Using Historical Data, Chaithanya Basrur, Arambam James Singh, Arunesh Sinha, Akshat Kumar, T. K. Satish Kumar

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Increasing maritime trade often results in congestion in busy ports, thereby necessitating planning methods to avoid close quarter risky situations among vessels. Rapid digitization and automation of port operations and vessel navigation provide unique opportunities for significantly improving navigation safety. Our key contributions are as follows. First, given a set of future candidate trajectories for vessels in a traffic hotspot zone, we develop a multiagent trajectory optimization method to choose trajectories that result in the best overall close quarter risk reduction. Our novel MILP-based optimization method is more than an order-of-magnitude faster than a standard MILP for this problem, and …


Smart Manufacturing—Theories, Methods, And Applications, Zhuming Bi, Lida Xu, Puren Ouyang 2022 Old Dominion University

Smart Manufacturing—Theories, Methods, And Applications, Zhuming Bi, Lida Xu, Puren Ouyang

Information Technology & Decision Sciences Faculty Publications

(First paragraph) Smart manufacturing (SM) distinguishes itself from other system paradigms by introducing ‘smartness’ as a measure to a manufacturing system; however, researchers in different domains have different expectations of system smartness from their own perspectives. In this Special Issue (SI), SM refers to a system paradigm where digital technologies are deployed to enhance system smartness by (1) empowering physical resources in production, (2) utilizing virtual and dynamic assets over the internet to expand system capabilities, (3) supporting data-driven decision making at all domains and levels of businesses, or (4) reconfiguring systems to adapt changes and uncertainties in dynamic environments. …


A Low-Power Passive Uhf Tag With High-Precision Temperature Sensor For Human Body Application, Liang-Hung Wang, Zheng Pan, Hao Jiang, Hua-Ling Lai, Qi-Peng Ran, Patricia Angela R. Abu 2022 Fuzhou University

A Low-Power Passive Uhf Tag With High-Precision Temperature Sensor For Human Body Application, Liang-Hung Wang, Zheng Pan, Hao Jiang, Hua-Ling Lai, Qi-Peng Ran, Patricia Angela R. Abu

Department of Information Systems & Computer Science Faculty Publications

Radio frequency identification (RFID) tags are widely used in various electronic devices due to their low cost, simple structure, and convenient data reading. This topic aims to study the key technologies of ultra-high frequency (UHF) RFID tags and high-precision temperature sensors, and how to reduce the power consumption of the temperature sensor and the overall circuits while maintaining minimal loss of performance. Combined with the biomedicine, an innovative high-precision human UHF RFID chip for body temperature monitoring is designed. In this study, a ring oscillator whose output frequency is linearly related to temperature is designed and proposed as a temperature-sensing …


A Detailed Review Work On The Existing Animal Detection System, Dechen Doma Bhutia Miss, Swarup Das Dr., Rakesh Kumar Mandal Dr. 2022 North Bengal University,West Bengal,India

A Detailed Review Work On The Existing Animal Detection System, Dechen Doma Bhutia Miss, Swarup Das Dr., Rakesh Kumar Mandal Dr.

International Journal of Computer and Communication Technology

Technology plays a very important part in today’s world, the simplest of tasks demands technology and we as humans crave every day for better technology to make our lives easier, with the help of technology that saves us valuable time and energy which can be utilized to do more productive work, amongst technological advances, expert system plays a very important role in every field and the major field where expert systems can be employed in, is animal detection, for the welfare of animals and the people who need to interact and at times avoid interaction with these animals. The review …


Strategic Signaling For Utility Control In Audit Games, Jianan Chen, Qin Hu, Honglu Jiang 2022 Purdue University

Strategic Signaling For Utility Control In Audit Games, Jianan Chen, Qin Hu, Honglu Jiang

Informatics and Engineering Systems Faculty Publications and Presentations

As an effective method to protect the daily access to sensitive data against malicious attacks, the audit mechanism has been widely deployed in various practical fields. In order to examine security vulnerabilities and prevent the leakage of sensitive data in a timely manner, the database logging system usually employs an online signaling scheme to issue an alert when suspicious access is detected. Defenders can audit alerts to reduce potential damage. This interaction process between a defender and an attacker can be modeled as an audit game. In previous studies, it was found that sending real-time signals in the audit …


Ai-Enabled Adaptive Learning Using Automated Topic Alignment And Doubt Detection, Kar Way TAN, Siaw Ling LO, Eng Lieh OUH, Wei Leng (LIANG Weilin) NEO 2022 Singapore Management University

Ai-Enabled Adaptive Learning Using Automated Topic Alignment And Doubt Detection, Kar Way Tan, Siaw Ling Lo, Eng Lieh Ouh, Wei Leng (Liang Weilin) Neo

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Implementing adaptive learning is often a challenging task at higher learning institutions where the students come from diverse backgrounds and disciplines. In this work, we collected informal learning journals from learners. Using the journals, we trained two machine learning models, an automated topic alignment and a doubt detection model to identify areas of adjustment required for teaching and students who require additional attention. The models form the baseline for a quiz recommender tool to dynamically generate personalized quizzes for each learner as practices to reinforce learning. Our pilot deployment of our AI-enabled Adaptive Learning System showed that our approach delivers …


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