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Peer Attention Modeling With Head Pose Trajectory Tracking Using Temporal Thermal Maps, Corey Michael Johnson 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Peer Attention Modeling With Head Pose Trajectory Tracking Using Temporal Thermal Maps, Corey Michael Johnson

Masters Theses

Human head pose trajectories can represent a wealth of implicit information such as areas of attention, body language, potential future actions, and more. This signal is of high value for use in Human-Robot teams due to the implicit information encoded within it. Although team-based tasks require both explicit and implicit communication among peers, large team sizes, noisy environments, distance, and mission urgency can inhibit the frequency and quality of explicit communication. The goal for this thesis is to improve the capabilities of Human-Robot teams by making use of implicit communication. In support of this goal, the following hypotheses are investigated ...


Multimodal Depression Detection: An Investigation Of Features And Fusion Techniques For Automated Systems, Michelle Renee Morales 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Multimodal Depression Detection: An Investigation Of Features And Fusion Techniques For Automated Systems, Michelle Renee Morales

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Depression is a serious illness that affects a large portion of the world’s population. Given the large effect it has on society, it is evident that depression is a serious health issue. This thesis evaluates, at length, how technology may aid in assessing depression. We present an in-depth investigation of features and fusion techniques for depression detection systems. We also present OpenMM: a novel tool for multimodal feature extraction. Lastly, we present novel techniques for multimodal fusion. The contributions of this work add considerably to our knowledge of depression detection systems and have the potential to improve future systems ...


Effectively Enforcing Minimality During Backtrack Search, Daniel J. Geschwender 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Effectively Enforcing Minimality During Backtrack Search, Daniel J. Geschwender

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Constraint Processing is an expressive and powerful framework for modeling and solving combinatorial decision problems. Enforcing consistency during backtrack search is an effective technique for reducing thrashing in a large search tree. The higher the level of the consistency enforced, the stronger the pruning of inconsistent subtrees. Recently, high-level consistencies (HLC) were shown to be instrumental for solving difficult instances. In particular, minimality, which is guaranteed to prune all inconsistent branches, is advantageous even when enforced locally. In this thesis, we study two algorithms for computing minimality and propose three new mechanisms that significantly improve performance. Then, we integrate the ...


Improving Asynchronous Advantage Actor Critic With A More Intelligent Exploration Strategy, James B. Holliday 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Improving Asynchronous Advantage Actor Critic With A More Intelligent Exploration Strategy, James B. Holliday

Theses and Dissertations

We propose a simple and efficient modification to the Asynchronous Advantage Actor Critic (A3C)

algorithm that improves training. In 2016 Google’s DeepMind set a new standard for state-of-theart

reinforcement learning performance with the introduction of the A3C algorithm. The goal of

this research is to show that A3C can be improved by the use of a new novel exploration strategy we

call “Follow then Forage Exploration” (FFE). FFE forces the agents to follow the best known path

at the beginning of a training episode and then later in the episode the agent is forced to “forage”

and explores randomly ...


Parameterizing And Aggregating Activation Functions In Deep Neural Networks, Luke Benjamin Godfrey 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Parameterizing And Aggregating Activation Functions In Deep Neural Networks, Luke Benjamin Godfrey

Theses and Dissertations

The nonlinear activation functions applied by each neuron in a neural network are essential for making neural networks powerful representational models. If these are omitted, even deep neural networks reduce to simple linear regression due to the fact that a linear combination of linear combinations is still a linear combination. In much of the existing literature on neural networks, just one or two activation functions are selected for the entire network, even though the use of heterogenous activation functions has been shown to produce superior results in some cases. Even less often employed are activation functions that can adapt their ...


Computer Vision Evidence Supporting Craniometric Alignment Of Rat Brain Atlases To Streamline Expert-Guided, First-Order Migration Of Hypothalamic Spatial Datasets Related To Behavioral Control, Arshad M. Khan, Jose G. Perez, Claire E. Wells, Olac Fuentes 2018 University of Texas at El Paso

Computer Vision Evidence Supporting Craniometric Alignment Of Rat Brain Atlases To Streamline Expert-Guided, First-Order Migration Of Hypothalamic Spatial Datasets Related To Behavioral Control, Arshad M. Khan, Jose G. Perez, Claire E. Wells, Olac Fuentes

Arshad M. Khan, Ph.D.

The rat has arguably the most widely studied brain among all animals, with numerous reference atlases for rat brain having been published since 1946. For example, many neuroscientists have used the atlases of Paxinos and Watson (PW, first published in 1982) or Swanson (S, first published in 1992) as guides to probe or map specific rat brain structures and their connections. Despite nearly three decades of contemporaneous publication, no independent attempt has been made to establish a basic framework that allows data mapped in PWto be placed in register with S, or vice versa. Such data migration would allow ...


Forecasting Smart Meter Energy Usage Using Distributed Systems And Machine Learning, Feiran Ji, Chris Dong, Lingzhi Du, Zizhen Song, Yuedi Zheng, Paul Intrevado 2018 University of San Francisco

Forecasting Smart Meter Energy Usage Using Distributed Systems And Machine Learning, Feiran Ji, Chris Dong, Lingzhi Du, Zizhen Song, Yuedi Zheng, Paul Intrevado

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

In this research, we explore the technical and computational merits of a machine learning algorithm on a large data set, employing distributed systems. Using 167 million(10 GB) energy consumption observations collected by smart meters from residential consumers in London, England, we predict future residential energy consumption using a Random Forest machine learning algorithm. Distributed systems such as AWS S3 and EMR, MongoDB and Apache Spark are used. Computational times and predictive accuracy are evaluated. We conclude that there are significant computational advantages to using distributed systems when applying machine learning algorithms on large-scale data. We also observe that distributed ...


Cerebral Necrosis Research With Machine Learning Techniques, Sangyu Shen 2018 University of San Francisco

Cerebral Necrosis Research With Machine Learning Techniques, Sangyu Shen

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

Cerebral necrosis after radiotherapy for patients with brain metastases is being recognized as a problem more common than previously estimated. To better understand the onset of necrosis and reduce its occurrence, we studied the relationships between features of patients and necrosis onset with machine learning techniques.


An Optimization Approach To Automate The Generation Of Radiotherapy Treatment Plans, Qian Li 2018 University of San Francisco

An Optimization Approach To Automate The Generation Of Radiotherapy Treatment Plans, Qian Li

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

The main goal of radiotherapy is to deliver a specified dose of radiation directly to the tumor while minimizing radiation damage to healthy tissues. Currently, the treatment plan is being developed by professional planners using a commercial treatment planning system. In this treatment planning system, the planner modifies the objectives and weights of the objectives until an ideal combination of doses is achieved. This arbitrary process can cost a few hours or a day to finish. My research aims to automate the generation of the plans by implementing an optimization algorithm on top of the treatment planning system using gradient ...


Clinical Relation Extraction Toward Drug Safety Surveillance Using Electronic Health Record Narratives: Classical Learning Versus Deep Learning, Tsendsuren Munkhdalai, Feifan Liu, Hong Yu 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Clinical Relation Extraction Toward Drug Safety Surveillance Using Electronic Health Record Narratives: Classical Learning Versus Deep Learning, Tsendsuren Munkhdalai, Feifan Liu, Hong Yu

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Medication and adverse drug event (ADE) information extracted from electronic health record (EHR) notes can be a rich resource for drug safety surveillance. Existing observational studies have mainly relied on structured EHR data to obtain ADE information; however, ADEs are often buried in the EHR narratives and not recorded in structured data.

OBJECTIVE: To unlock ADE-related information from EHR narratives, there is a need to extract relevant entities and identify relations among them. In this study, we focus on relation identification. This study aimed to evaluate natural language processing and machine learning approaches using the expert-annotated medical entities and ...


Comparative Study Of Deep Learning Models For Network Intrusion Detection, Brian Lee, Sandhya Amaresh, Clifford Green, Daniel Engels 2018 Southern Methodist University

Comparative Study Of Deep Learning Models For Network Intrusion Detection, Brian Lee, Sandhya Amaresh, Clifford Green, Daniel Engels

SMU Data Science Review

In this paper, we present a comparative evaluation of deep learning approaches to network intrusion detection. A Network Intrusion Detection System (NIDS) is a critical component of every Internet connected system due to likely attacks from both external and internal sources. A NIDS is used to detect network born attacks such as Denial of Service (DoS) attacks, malware replication, and intruders that are operating within the system. Multiple deep learning approaches have been proposed for intrusion detection systems. We evaluate three models, a vanilla deep neural net (DNN), self-taught learning (STL) approach, and Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) based Long Short ...


Walknet: A Deep Learning Approach To Improving Sidewalk Quality And Accessibility, Andrew Abbott, Alex Deshowitz, Dennis Murray, Eric C. Larson 2018 Southern Methodist University

Walknet: A Deep Learning Approach To Improving Sidewalk Quality And Accessibility, Andrew Abbott, Alex Deshowitz, Dennis Murray, Eric C. Larson

SMU Data Science Review

This paper proposes a framework for optimizing allocation of infrastructure spending on sidewalk improvement and allowing planners to focus their budgets on the areas in the most need. In this research, we identify curb ramps from Google Street View images using traditional machine learning and deep learning methods. Our convolutional neural network approach achieved an 83% accuracy and high level of precision when classifying curb cuts. We found that as the model received more data, the accuracy increased, which with the continued collection of crowdsourced labeling of curb cuts will increase the model’s classification power. We further investigated a ...


Cognitive Virtual Admissions Counselor, Kumar Raja Guvindan Raju, Cory Adams, Raghuram Srinivas 2018 Southern Methodist University

Cognitive Virtual Admissions Counselor, Kumar Raja Guvindan Raju, Cory Adams, Raghuram Srinivas

SMU Data Science Review

Abstract. In this paper, we present a cognitive virtual admissions counselor for the Master of Science in Data Science program at Southern Methodist University. The virtual admissions counselor is a system capable of providing potential students accurate information at the time that they want to know it. After the evaluation of multiple technologies, Amazon’s LEX was selected to serve as the core technology for the virtual counselor chatbot. Student surveys were leveraged to collect and generate training data to deploy the natural language capability. The cognitive virtual admissions counselor platform is currently capable of providing an end-to-end conversational dialog ...


Data-Driven Model Predictive Control Using Random Forests For Building Energy Optimization And Climate Control, Francesco Smarra, Achin Jain, Tullio de Rubeis, Dario Ambrosini, Alessandro D'Innocenzo, Rahul Mangharam 2018 University of L'Aquila

Data-Driven Model Predictive Control Using Random Forests For Building Energy Optimization And Climate Control, Francesco Smarra, Achin Jain, Tullio De Rubeis, Dario Ambrosini, Alessandro D'Innocenzo, Rahul Mangharam

Real-Time and Embedded Systems Lab (mLAB)

Model Predictive Control (MPC) is a model-based technique widely and successfully used over the past years to improve control systems performance. A key factor prohibiting the widespread adoption of MPC for complex systems such as buildings is related to the difficulties (cost, time and effort) associated with the identification of a predictive model of a building. To overcome this problem, we introduce a novel idea for predictive control based on historical building data leveraging machine learning algorithms like regression trees and random forests. We call this approach Data-driven model Predictive Control (DPC), and we apply it to three different case ...


Sensor Technologies For Intelligent Transportation Systems, Juan Guerrero-Ibáñez, Sherali Zeadally, Juan Contreras-Castillo 2018 University of Colima, Mexico

Sensor Technologies For Intelligent Transportation Systems, Juan Guerrero-Ibáñez, Sherali Zeadally, Juan Contreras-Castillo

Information Science Faculty Publications

Modern society faces serious problems with transportation systems, including but not limited to traffic congestion, safety, and pollution. Information communication technologies have gained increasing attention and importance in modern transportation systems. Automotive manufacturers are developing in-vehicle sensors and their applications in different areas including safety, traffic management, and infotainment. Government institutions are implementing roadside infrastructures such as cameras and sensors to collect data about environmental and traffic conditions. By seamlessly integrating vehicles and sensing devices, their sensing and communication capabilities can be leveraged to achieve smart and intelligent transportation systems. We discuss how sensor technology can be integrated with the ...


Detecting Opioid-Related Aberrant Behavior Using Natural Language Processing, Jesse M. Lingeman, Priscilla Wang, William Becker, Hong Yu 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Detecting Opioid-Related Aberrant Behavior Using Natural Language Processing, Jesse M. Lingeman, Priscilla Wang, William Becker, Hong Yu

Open Access Articles

The United States is in the midst of a prescription opioid epidemic, with the number of yearly opioid-related overdose deaths increasing almost fourfold since 2000(1). To more effectively prevent unintentional opioid overdoses, the medical profession requires robust surveillance tools that can effectively identify at-risk patients. Drug-related aberrant behaviors observed in the clinical context may be important indicators of patients at risk for or actively abusing opioids. In this paper, we describe a natural language processing (NLP) method for automatic surveillance of aberrant behavior in medical notes relying only on the text of the notes. This allows for a robust ...


A Hybrid Neural Network Model For Joint Prediction Of Presence And Period Assertions Of Medical Events In Clinical Notes, Li Rumeng, Jagannatha Abhyuday, Hong Yu 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

A Hybrid Neural Network Model For Joint Prediction Of Presence And Period Assertions Of Medical Events In Clinical Notes, Li Rumeng, Jagannatha Abhyuday, Hong Yu

Open Access Articles

In this paper, we propose a novel neural network architecture for clinical text mining. We formulate this hybrid neural network model (HNN), composed of recurrent neural network and deep residual network, to jointly predict the presence and period assertion values associated with medical events in clinical texts. We evaluate the effectiveness of our model on a corpus of expert-annotated longitudinal Electronic Health Records (EHR) notes from Cancer patients. Our experiments show that HNN improves the joint assertion classification accuracy as compared to conventional baselines.


Data-Driven Switched Affine Modeling For Model Predictive Control, Francesco Smarra, Achin Jain, Rahul Mangharam, Alessandro D'Innocenzo 2018 University of L'Aquila

Data-Driven Switched Affine Modeling For Model Predictive Control, Francesco Smarra, Achin Jain, Rahul Mangharam, Alessandro D'Innocenzo

Real-Time and Embedded Systems Lab (mLAB)

Model Predictive Control (MPC) is a well-consolidated technique to design optimal control strategies, leveraging the capability of a mathematical model to predict the system’s behavior over a predictive horizon. However, building physics-based models for large-scale systems, such as buildings and process control, can be cost and time prohibitive. To overcome this problem we propose in this paper a methodology to exploit machine learning techniques (i.e. regression trees and random forests) in order to build a state-space switched affine dynamical model of a large scale system only using historical data. Finite Receding Horizon Control (RHC) setup using control-oriented data-driven ...


User-Centric Privacy Preservation In Mobile And Location-Aware Applications, Mingming Guo 2018 Florida International University

User-Centric Privacy Preservation In Mobile And Location-Aware Applications, Mingming Guo

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The mobile and wireless community has brought a significant growth of location-aware devices including smart phones, connected vehicles and IoT devices. The combination of location-aware sensing, data processing and wireless communication in these devices leads to the rapid development of mobile and location-aware applications. Meanwhile, user privacy is becoming an indispensable concern. These mobile and location-aware applications, which collect data from mobile sensors carried by users or vehicles, return valuable data collection services (e.g., health condition monitoring, traffic monitoring, and natural disaster forecasting) in real time. The sequential spatial-temporal data queries sent by users provide their location trajectory information ...


Pelee: A Real-Time Object Detection System On Mobile Devices, Jun Wang 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Pelee: A Real-Time Object Detection System On Mobile Devices, Jun Wang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

There has been a rising interest in running high-quality Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) models under strict constraints on memory and computational budget. A number of efficient architectures have been proposed in recent years, for example, MobileNet, ShuffleNet, and NASNet-A. However, all these architectures are heavily dependent on depthwise separable convolution which lacks efficient implementation in most deep learning frameworks. Meanwhile, there are few studies that combine efficient models with fast object detection algorithms. This research tries to explore the design of an efficient CNN architecture for both image classification tasks and object detection tasks. We propose an efficient architecture named ...


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