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25,107 full-text articles. Page 665 of 665.

Iron(Iii) Tosylate-Catalyzed Deprotection Of Aromatic Acetals In Water, Ram S. Mohan, Margaret E. Olson, James P. Carolan, Michael V. Chiodo, Phillip R. Lazzara 2009 Illinois Wesleyan University

Iron(Iii) Tosylate-Catalyzed Deprotection Of Aromatic Acetals In Water, Ram S. Mohan, Margaret E. Olson, James P. Carolan, Michael V. Chiodo, Phillip R. Lazzara

Ram S. Mohan

The deprotection of aromatic as well as conjugated acetals and ketals in water is catalyzed by iron(III) tosylate (1.0–5.0 mol %). Iron(III) tosylate is an inexpensive and readily available catalyst. The use of water, the most environmentally benign solvent, makes this procedure especially attractive for acetal deprotection.


In Your Element: Green Bismuth, Ram S. Mohan 2009 Illinois Wesleyan University

In Your Element: Green Bismuth, Ram S. Mohan

Ram S. Mohan

No abstract provided.


Cyclohexane Oxidation And Cyclohexyl Hydroperoxide Decomposition By Poly(4-Vinylpyridine-Co-Divinylbenzene) Supported Cobalt And Chromium Complexes, Zeljko D. Cupic 2009 Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy

Cyclohexane Oxidation And Cyclohexyl Hydroperoxide Decomposition By Poly(4-Vinylpyridine-Co-Divinylbenzene) Supported Cobalt And Chromium Complexes, Zeljko D. Cupic

Zeljko D Cupic

No abstract provided.


Bismuth(Iii) Bromide In Organic Synthesis. A Catalytic Method For The Allylation Of Tetrahydrofuranyl And Tetrahydropyranyl Ethers, Ram S. Mohan, Scott W. Krabbe, Veronica V. Angeles 2009 Illinois Wesleyan University

Bismuth(Iii) Bromide In Organic Synthesis. A Catalytic Method For The Allylation Of Tetrahydrofuranyl And Tetrahydropyranyl Ethers, Ram S. Mohan, Scott W. Krabbe, Veronica V. Angeles

Ram S. Mohan

A bismuth bromide-catalyzed (10.0 mol %) multicomponent reaction involving the allylation of THF- and THP-ethers, followed by in situ derivatization with acetic anhydride to generate highly functionalized esters has been developed under solvent-free conditions. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a catalytic procedure for the allylation of THF- and THP-ethers to yield ring-opened products.


Mining And Civilization, An Illustrated History, Fathi Habashi 2009 Laval University, Quebec City, Canada

Mining And Civilization, An Illustrated History, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Mining and Civilization has been conceived to compliment the author's two books History of Metallurgy and Readings in Historical Metallurgy and to fill a gap in the literature. It is difficult to study the history of metallurgy without studying the history of mining at the same time. Each time the author visits ancient ruins or examines an ancient stone statue he recalls the work of miners who brought the material from a quarry so that the sculptor can create a work of art. History of mining, quarrying, and stone carving is history of civilization.


Impact Of The Australia-Us Free Trade Agreement On Australian Medicines Regulation And Prices, Thomas A. Faunce, James Bai, Duy Nguyen 2009 Australian National University

Impact Of The Australia-Us Free Trade Agreement On Australian Medicines Regulation And Prices, Thomas A. Faunce, James Bai, Duy Nguyen

Thomas A Faunce

The Australia – United States Free Trade Agreement (AUSFTA) came into force on 1 January 2005. Before and subsequently to the AUSFTA being concluded, controversy surrounded the debate over its impact on Australia ’ s health policy, specifically on regulation of pharmaceutical patents and Australia ’ s cost-effectiveness system relating to prescription medicine prices known as the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS). This article examines the expectations of both parties in the pharmaceutical sector with regard to the AUSFTA, as well as how successfully they were achieved. It seeks to analyse important relevant outcomes for regulators, the public and pharmaceutical industry, as well as ...


Nanotechnology And The International Law Of Weaponry: Towards International Regulation Of Nano-Weapons., Thomas A. Faunce, Hitoshi Nasu 2009 Australian National University

Nanotechnology And The International Law Of Weaponry: Towards International Regulation Of Nano-Weapons., Thomas A. Faunce, Hitoshi Nasu

Thomas A Faunce

The development of nanotechnology for military application is an emerging area of research and development, the pace and extent of which has not been fully anticipated by international legal regulation. Nano-weapons are referred to here as objects and devices using nanotechnology or causing effects in nano-scale that are designed or used for harming humans. Such weapons, despite their controversial human and environmental toxicity, are not comprehensively covered by specific, targeted regulation under international law. This article critically examines current international humanitarian law and arms control law regimes to determine whether significant gaps exist in the regulation of nanotechnology focused on ...


Interdependence Of In-Cell Xenon Density And Temperature During Rb/129xe Spin-Exchange Optical Pumping Using Vhg-Narrowed Laser Diode Arrays, Nicholas Whiting, Panayiotis Nikolaou, Neil A. Eschmann, Michael J. Barlow, Boyd M. Goodson 2009 Rowan University

Interdependence Of In-Cell Xenon Density And Temperature During Rb/129xe Spin-Exchange Optical Pumping Using Vhg-Narrowed Laser Diode Arrays, Nicholas Whiting, Panayiotis Nikolaou, Neil A. Eschmann, Michael J. Barlow, Boyd M. Goodson

Nicholas Whiting

The 129Xe nuclear spin polarization (PXe) that can be achieved via spin-exchange optical pumping (SEOP) is typically limited at high in-cell xenon densities ([Xe]cell), due primarily to corresponding reductions in the alkali metal electron spin polarization (e.g. PRb) caused by increased non-spin-conserving Rb–Xe collisions. While demonstrating the utility of volume holographic grating (VHG)-narrowed lasers for Rb/129Xe SEOP, we recently reported [P. Nikolaou et al., JMR 197 (2009) 249] an anomalous dependence of the observed PXe on the in-cell xenon partial pressure (pXe), wherein PXe values were abnormally low at decreased pXe, peaked at moderate pXe ...


New 2-Aminoethylimidazole-Based Dicarboxylic Acid Receptor Derived From Cholestane, Jyoti Ramesh Jadhav, Md Wasi Ahmad, Hong Seok Kim 2009 Kyungpook National University

New 2-Aminoethylimidazole-Based Dicarboxylic Acid Receptor Derived From Cholestane, Jyoti Ramesh Jadhav, Md Wasi Ahmad, Hong Seok Kim

Dr. Mohammad Wasi Ahmad (Md Wasi Ahmad)

A new facial amphiphile cholestane-based receptor 1 containing a 2-imidazolylethylamino moiety at the 3a and 7a positions of cholestane was synthesized. Recognition selectivity of the new receptor 1 with various dicarboxylic acids was assessed by 1H NMR titration. Maleic acid showed the highest binding constant among all the tested acids


Molecular Characteristics Of Phosphoric Acid Treated Soils, Amin Eisazadeh, Khairul Anuar Kassim, Hadi Nur 2009 University Technology Malaysia

Molecular Characteristics Of Phosphoric Acid Treated Soils, Amin Eisazadeh, Khairul Anuar Kassim, Hadi Nur

Hadi Nur

The expansive nature of soils containing high amounts of clay minerals can be altered through chemical stabilization, resulting in a material suitable for construction purposes. The primary objective of this investigation was to study the changes induced in the molecular structure of phosphoric acid stabilized bentonite and lateritic soil using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Based on the obtained data, it was found that a surface alteration mechanism was the main reason responsible for the improvement of treated soils. Furthermore, the results indicated that the Al present in the octahedral layer of clay minerals were ...


Physicochemical Characteristics Of Phosphoric Acid Stabilized Bentonite, Amin Eisazadeh, Khairul Anuar Kassim, Hadi Hadi 2009 University Technology Malaysia

Physicochemical Characteristics Of Phosphoric Acid Stabilized Bentonite, Amin Eisazadeh, Khairul Anuar Kassim, Hadi Hadi

Hadi Nur

The expansive nature of soils containing high amounts of montmorillonite mineral can be altered through chemical stabilization, resulting in a material suitable for construction purposes. In this paper, the physicochemical behaviour of phosphoric acid treated samples was studied using X-ray Diffractometry (XRD), Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (EDAX), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), and Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy (SS-NMR). It was found that in acid stabilized montmorillonitic soil, clay alumina was more susceptible to dissolution and mostly responsible for the formation of aluminate phosphate hydrate compounds that bonded the soil particles together. Furthermore, since ...


Enhancement Of Brønsted Acidity In Sulfate-Vanadium Treated Silica-Titania Aerogel As Oxidative-Acidic Bifunctional Catalyst, Siew Ling Lee, Soo Chien Wei, Hadi Nur, Halimaton Hamdan 2009 University Technology Malaysia

Enhancement Of Brønsted Acidity In Sulfate-Vanadium Treated Silica-Titania Aerogel As Oxidative-Acidic Bifunctional Catalyst, Siew Ling Lee, Soo Chien Wei, Hadi Nur, Halimaton Hamdan

Hadi Nur

Enhancement of Brønsted acidity in silica-titania aerogel was achieved by loading both sulfate and vanadium onto the material. This phenomena could be due to formation of V(OSi)2OH-O-SO3 in the resulted sample. In contrast, no noticeable Brønsted acidity was detected in vanadium loaded silica-titania aerogel (V/ST). UV-vis DR analysis results showed that the amount of hydrated tetrahedral titanium species, which acts as oxidative site, increased significantly upon sulfation and vanadium loading on the surface of the aerogel. However, presence of vanadium in the samples tended to transform framework tetrahedral titanium to extra framework octahedral titanium structure. The catalytic ...


Friedel-Crafts Alkylation Of Resorcinol Over Mesoporous Alumina Loaded With Sulfuric Acid, Sheela Chandren, Zainab Ramli, Hadi Nur 2009 University Technology Malaysia

Friedel-Crafts Alkylation Of Resorcinol Over Mesoporous Alumina Loaded With Sulfuric Acid, Sheela Chandren, Zainab Ramli, Hadi Nur

Hadi Nur

Mesoporous alumina which contains only Lewis acidity was synthesized by sol-gel method and was then impregnated with sulfuric acid to generate Brönsted acidity. The catalyst was used in Friedel-Crafts alkylation of resorcinol with methyl tert-butyl ether to produce 4-tert-butylresorcinol and 4,6-di-tert-butylresor- cinol as the major and minor products respectively. It was demonstrated that Lewis and Brönsted acidities play a synergetic role in this reaction.


Degradation Of Organic Pollutants In Domestic Wastewaters By Concrete Plates Containing Of Photocatalyst Nanoparticles, Masoud Rastegar 2009 Selected Works

Degradation Of Organic Pollutants In Domestic Wastewaters By Concrete Plates Containing Of Photocatalyst Nanoparticles, Masoud Rastegar

Masoud Rastegar

No abstract provided.


Reallocation Of Mesh Points In Fluid Problems Using Back-Propagation Algorithm, Philadelphia University 2009 Philadelphia University

Reallocation Of Mesh Points In Fluid Problems Using Back-Propagation Algorithm, Philadelphia University

Philadelphia University, Jordan

No abstract provided.


Ru(Iii), Pd(Ii), Pt(Iii) And Pt(Iv) Complexes Of A Novel 32-Membered Unsymmetrical Macrocyclic Ligand, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr 2009 Universiti Brunei Darussalaam

Ru(Iii), Pd(Ii), Pt(Iii) And Pt(Iv) Complexes Of A Novel 32-Membered Unsymmetrical Macrocyclic Ligand, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

Reactions of [N12] macrocyclic ligand, L·2HClO4, with RuCl3, PdCl2, K2[PtCl6], [K2PtCl4] as well as [M(Ph3P)2Cl2] (M = Pd or Pt), and [Ru(Ph3P)3Cl2] produces bimetallic complexes whose analytical data are consistent with the molecular formulae as Ru2LCl4(ClO4)2 (I), Pd2LCl2(ClO4)2 (II), Pt2LCl6(ClO4)2 (III), Pt2LCl2(ClO4)2 (IV) and Ru2LCl2(ClO4)2 (V). Reactions of the ligand with the precursors [M(Ph3P)2Cl2] (M = Pd or Pt), and [Ru(Ph3P)3Cl2], has released all the Ph3P ancillary ligand in solution. Magnetic moment, IR and UV-visible spectroscopic data confirms the encapsulation of metal ...


The Fabrication Of All-Silicon Micro Gas Chromatography Columns Using Gold Diffusion Eutectic Bonding, A D. Radadia, A Salehi-Khojin, R I. Masel, M A. Shannon 2009 University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

The Fabrication Of All-Silicon Micro Gas Chromatography Columns Using Gold Diffusion Eutectic Bonding, A D. Radadia, A Salehi-Khojin, R I. Masel, M A. Shannon

Adarsh D. Radadia

No abstract provided.


Rapid Thermal Lysis Of Cells Using Silicon–Diamond Microcantilever Heaters, Natalya Privorotskaya, Yi Shao Liu, Jungchul Lee, Hongjun Zeng, John A. Carlisle, Adarsh Radadia, Larry Millet, Rashid Bashir, William P. King 2009 University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

Rapid Thermal Lysis Of Cells Using Silicon–Diamond Microcantilever Heaters, Natalya Privorotskaya, Yi Shao Liu, Jungchul Lee, Hongjun Zeng, John A. Carlisle, Adarsh Radadia, Larry Millet, Rashid Bashir, William P. King

Adarsh D. Radadia

No abstract provided.


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