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Sustainable Alternative To Non-Biological Nitrogen Fixation To Nitrate For Fertilizers, Patrick Freeze, Glenn Miller 2011 University of Nevada, Reno

Sustainable Alternative To Non-Biological Nitrogen Fixation To Nitrate For Fertilizers, Patrick Freeze, Glenn Miller

Festival of Communities: UG Symposium (Posters)

Currently, the industrial method of nitrogen fixation for use in fertilizers (Haber- Bosch process [N2 (g) + 3 H2 (g) <--> 2 NH3 (g)]) is our main source of non-biological conversion of atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia. The proposed research experiment utilizes the catalytic mechanism of titanium dioxide which, in the presence of heat or sunlight, undergoes fixation of atmospheric nitrogen. This method of nitrate production could serve as a sustainable source of nitrogen for fertilizers. Variables in the experiment included the manipulation of thermal pressure, heat, and base addition to counteract hydrochloric acid production, a selflimiting byproduct.


Energy Densification Via Hydrothermal Carbonization, Keri Noack 2011 University of Nevada, Reno

Energy Densification Via Hydrothermal Carbonization, Keri Noack

Festival of Communities: UG Symposium (Posters)

A process called hydrothermal carbonization (HTC), also known as wet torrefaction involves treatment of raw biomass in hot, pressurized water. HTC of woody biomass has been shown to significantly increase the energy density of the feedstock, producing a biochar, similar to coal, having up to 40% higher calorific energy content. Feedstocks investigated include Tahoe chips, Pinion/Juniper chips, Rice hulls, and Corn Stover pellets pre-treated at 215 °C, 255 °C, and 295 °C. Chemical analyses were conducted on the gaseous, aqueous, and solid HTC products. Energy contents of the solid biochar products were measured by calorimetry, and mass balances were ...


Predicting Homo And Lumo Energy Gaps For Organic Semi-Conductor: A Theoretical Study, Padtaya Pukpayat 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Predicting Homo And Lumo Energy Gaps For Organic Semi-Conductor: A Theoretical Study, Padtaya Pukpayat

Festival of Communities: UG Symposium (Posters)

This poster presents a theoretical approach for characterizing the electronic properties of novel electron-deficient organic semiconductors containing variety of electron donor substituents. In treating these compounds, the following questions will be addressed: What effects to the bandgap will each substituent have? Will any of the substituents lower the band gap to the desired range for solar cell applications(<2.0eV)? Can we use the current, inexpensive and tractable computational methods as a predictive tool for guiding future experimental design of organic based solar cells, rather than depending solely on experimental procedures?


Structure Studies On Lanthanide Technetium Pyrochlores As Prospective Host Phases To Immobilize 99- Technetium And Fission Lanthanides From Effluents Of Reprocessed Used Nuclear Fuels, Thomas Hartmann, Ariana Alaniz 2011 Harry Reid Center for Environmental Studies

Structure Studies On Lanthanide Technetium Pyrochlores As Prospective Host Phases To Immobilize 99- Technetium And Fission Lanthanides From Effluents Of Reprocessed Used Nuclear Fuels, Thomas Hartmann, Ariana Alaniz

Festival of Communities: UG Symposium (Posters)

We performed a systematic investigation of the incorporation of 99Tc into pyrochlore oxide structures, Ln2Tc2O7, where Ln represents trivalent lanthanide Ln3+ cations, while 99Tc is atetravalent, Tc4+, metal cation. Pyrochlore compounds are high-melting temperature oxides and are recognized for their durability. Our goal in this preliminary study is to characterize and quantify the range of stability of the lanthanum technetium pyrochlore oxide phase. Hereby, powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Rietveld analysis were used to determine and characterize the crystalline phase content with high accuracy, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to characterize the microstructure and homogeneity of the synthesized ...


Characterization Of Ips Pini Ipsdienol Dehydrogenase (Idol Dh), Heidi Pak, Claus Tittiger, William Welch 2011 University of Nevada, Reno

Characterization Of Ips Pini Ipsdienol Dehydrogenase (Idol Dh), Heidi Pak, Claus Tittiger, William Welch

Festival of Communities: UG Symposium (Posters)

Ipsdienol is an important pheromone component for pine engraver beetle, Ips pini. Ipsdienol is a ten carbon monoterpenoid secondary alcohol and ipsdienone is the corresponding ketone. We are characterizing the activity of recombinant IDOL DH produced in Sf9 (insect) cells. The enzyme has a high stereospecificity: (-) ipsdienol was found to be a substrate while (+)-ipsdienol was neither a substrate nor inhibitor. Closely related monoterpenoids, such as nerol, geraniol, and citral, were neither substrates nor inhibitors. Smaller compounds, such as 2-propanol, also failed to act as an inhibitor or substrate. This indicates the binding site of this enzyme is highly selective ...


Luminescent Ionic Liquid Crystals Based On Stilbazolium Moieties, William McCurdy, Pradip K. Bhowmik 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Luminescent Ionic Liquid Crystals Based On Stilbazolium Moieties, William Mccurdy, Pradip K. Bhowmik

Festival of Communities: UG Symposium (Posters)

Liquid crystals have become pivotally important to a variety of image displaying technologies. They have drawn much attention due to their ability to confer luminescent properties to a wide spectrum of image based devices. The purpose of this research is to describe a new methodology for an efficient synthesis of luminescent ionic liquid crystals including a discussion of their applications in the biological/medicinal sciences.


Dicarbonyldichloridobis(Trimethylphosphane)Iron(Ii)–Carbonyldichloridotris(Trimethylphosphane)Iron(Ii)–Tetrahydrofuran (1/1/2), Nigam Rath, Meghan Stouffer, Matthew Janssen, John Bleeke 2011 University of Missouri–St. Louis

Dicarbonyldichloridobis(Trimethylphosphane)Iron(Ii)–Carbonyldichloridotris(Trimethylphosphane)Iron(Ii)–Tetrahydrofuran (1/1/2), Nigam Rath, Meghan Stouffer, Matthew Janssen, John Bleeke

Chemistry & Biochemistry Faculty Works

The asymmetric unit of the title crystal, [FeCl2(C3H9P)3(CO)]·[FeCl2(C3H9P)2(CO)2]·2C4H8O, contains half mol­ecules of the two closely related FeII complexes lying on mirror planes and a tetra­hydro­furan solvent mol­ecule, one C atom of which is disordered over two sets of sites with site occupancy factors 0.633 (9) and 0.367 (9). In both FeII complex mol­ecules, a distorted octa­hedral coordination geometry has been observed around the Fe atoms. Weak intermolecular C-H...O inter­actions are observed in the crystal structure.


A Bis-Urea Naphthalene Macrocycle Displaying Two Crystal Structures With Parallel Ureas, Michael F. Geer, Mark D. Smith, Linda S. Shimizu 2011 University of South Carolina - Columbia

A Bis-Urea Naphthalene Macrocycle Displaying Two Crystal Structures With Parallel Ureas, Michael F. Geer, Mark D. Smith, Linda S. Shimizu

Faculty Publications

Herein we synthesized a bis-urea macrocycle from 2,7-dimethylnaphthalene that displays an unusual parallel urea conformation. The naphthalenes also adopt a bowl shape over the anticipated parallel planar orientation. Crystallization of the macrocycle from different solvent systems affords two solvated forms. 1·DMSO·(H2O)2 has an extended columnar structure where parallel macrocycles are linked by intervening hydrogen bonded water molecules. In 1·(MeOH)2direct hydrogen-bonds link the macrocycles into chains, which hydrogen-bond with methanolmolecules to form a layered structure.


Dicarbonyldichloridobis(Trimethylphosphane)Iron(Ii)–Carbonyldichloridotris(Trimethylphosphane)Iron(Ii)–Tetrahydrofuran (1/1/2), Nigam P. Rath, Meghan Stouffer, Matthew K. Janssen, John R. Bleeke 2011 University of Missouri–St. Louis

Dicarbonyldichloridobis(Trimethylphosphane)Iron(Ii)–Carbonyldichloridotris(Trimethylphosphane)Iron(Ii)–Tetrahydrofuran (1/1/2), Nigam P. Rath, Meghan Stouffer, Matthew K. Janssen, John R. Bleeke

Nigam Rath

The asymmetric unit of the title crystal, [FeCl2(C3H9P)3(CO)]·[FeCl2(C3H9P)2(CO)2]·2C4H8O, contains half mol­ecules of the two closely related FeII complexes lying on mirror planes and a tetra­hydro­furan solvent mol­ecule, one C atom of which is disordered over two sets of sites with site occupancy factors 0.633 (9) and 0.367 (9). In both FeII complex mol­ecules, a distorted octa­hedral coordination geometry has been observed around the Fe atoms. Weak intermolecular C-H...O inter­actions are observed in the crystal structure.


Drug Design, Biological Activity, And Metabolic Consequences Of Cytotoxic Platinum Compounds: Utilizing Fluorescent Tagging To Understand Drug Action And Metabolism, Brad Benedetti 2011 Virginia Commonwealth University

Drug Design, Biological Activity, And Metabolic Consequences Of Cytotoxic Platinum Compounds: Utilizing Fluorescent Tagging To Understand Drug Action And Metabolism, Brad Benedetti

Theses and Dissertations

Platinum drugs are among the most commonly used chemotherapeutics for the treatment of testicular, head and neck, ovarian, small cell lung, and colorectal carcinomas. Although the current set of platinum chemotherapeutics has proven somewhat successful, the overall success of platinum based drugs is limited due to acquired drug resistance and a limited range of tumor types that are treatable with the current regime. The development of novel cytotoxic platinum based compounds, both trans- and polynuclear, provides for the promising treatment of clinical platinum drug resistant tumors. While the cytotoxic activity of platinum drugs provides for a hopeful outlook, the ultimate ...


Optimization And Implementation Of Entrapment: A Novel Immobilization Technique For High-Performance Affinity Chromatography, Abby J. Jackson 2011 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Optimization And Implementation Of Entrapment: A Novel Immobilization Technique For High-Performance Affinity Chromatography, Abby J. Jackson

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

The proper use of high performance affinity chromatography (HPAC) in the study of biologically-related systems requires that careful attention be paid to the nature in which the affinity ligand is incorporated into the stationary phase. Ideally, the behavior of the immobilized ligand should mimic the behavior of the ligand in its natural environment. Retaining the soluble form of the ligand, by avoiding covalent immobilization completely, is one effective way to retain the activity of the ligand. Previously, noncovalent immobilization techniques that do not modify the ligand of interest have included physical entrapment onto low performance supports.

This dissertation introduces an ...


Optimization Of Multiplex Pcr For Multiple Locus Variable Number Tandem Repeat Analysis For Salmonella Typhimurium, George Hafez, Remington Turner, Andrea Haskett, Rajesh Nagarajan 2011 Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Boise State University

Optimization Of Multiplex Pcr For Multiple Locus Variable Number Tandem Repeat Analysis For Salmonella Typhimurium, George Hafez, Remington Turner, Andrea Haskett, Rajesh Nagarajan

College of Arts and Sciences Poster Presentations

Salmonella typhimurium infects an estimated 1.4 million in the United States and kills over five hundred annually. The current way of categorization, Pulse Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) and antibiotic sensitivity testing, lack the ability to distinguish between some closely related strains. We are attempting to optimize a new technique of categorization, Multiple Locus Variable number tandem repeat Analysis (MLVA). We made changes to temperature and concentration variables within the multiplex PCR procedure to streamline the identification process. By optimizing the multiplex PCR procedure we intend to create more consistent amplification of the loci used in MLVA analysis, which will ...


Fluorescent Studies Of Peptidic Hemoglobin Binding Ligands, Chris Brackett, Brian Brennan, Faculty Advisor 2011 Illinois Wesleyan University

Fluorescent Studies Of Peptidic Hemoglobin Binding Ligands, Chris Brackett, Brian Brennan, Faculty Advisor

John Wesley Powell Student Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Scanning Electrochemical Microscopic Imaging Of Taste Cells, Aaron Moore, Melinda Baur, Faculty Advisor 2011 Illinois Wesleyan University

Scanning Electrochemical Microscopic Imaging Of Taste Cells, Aaron Moore, Melinda Baur, Faculty Advisor

John Wesley Powell Student Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Synthesis Of A Thirty Member Macrocycle For Use In Host-Guest Chemistry, Keith A. Lehuta, Rebecca Roesner, Faculty Advisor 2011 Illinois Wesleyan University

Synthesis Of A Thirty Member Macrocycle For Use In Host-Guest Chemistry, Keith A. Lehuta, Rebecca Roesner, Faculty Advisor

John Wesley Powell Student Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Solid-Phase Peptide Synthesis, Elisabeth Sonta, Brian Brennan, Faculty Advisor 2011 Illinois Wesleyan University

Solid-Phase Peptide Synthesis, Elisabeth Sonta, Brian Brennan, Faculty Advisor

John Wesley Powell Student Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Monitoring The Electrochemical Activity Of Biological Samples Using Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy, Erica Woodall, Melinda Baur, Faculty Advisor 2011 Illinois Wesleyan University

Monitoring The Electrochemical Activity Of Biological Samples Using Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy, Erica Woodall, Melinda Baur, Faculty Advisor

John Wesley Powell Student Research Conference

The goal of the project is to develop the Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy (SECM) as a tool to study the biological effects of oxidative damage on rat pheochromocytoma cells (PCI2 cells). SECM is a useful tool for the analysis of biological samples because the ultramicroelectrode tip of the probe can detect the presence of electrochemically active compounds such as neurotransmitters, particularly dopamine and norepinephrine, while simultaneously characterizing the topography of the cell. The topography of the cell was determined by maintaining a constant distance between the tip of the electrode and the surface of the cell. In the collector mode, the ...


Fluorescent Studies Of Peptidic Hemoglobin Binding Ligands, Brian Brennan, Chris Brackett, '11 2011 Illinois Wesleyan University

Fluorescent Studies Of Peptidic Hemoglobin Binding Ligands, Brian Brennan, Chris Brackett, '11

Brian B. Brennan

No abstract provided.


Solid-Phase Peptide Synthesis, Brian Brennan, Elisabeth Sonta, '13 2011 Illinois Wesleyan University

Solid-Phase Peptide Synthesis, Brian Brennan, Elisabeth Sonta, '13

Brian B. Brennan

No abstract provided.


The Low Resolution Structure Of Apoa1 In Spherical High Density Lipoprotein Revealed By Small Angle Neutron Scattering, Zhiping Wu, Valentin Gogonea, Xavier Lee, Roland P. May, Vitaliy Pipich, Matthew A. Wagner, Arundhati Undurti, Thomas C. Tallant, Camelia Baleanu Gogonea, Francesca Charlton, Alexander I. Ioffe, Joseph A. DiDonato, Kerry Anne Rye, Stanley L. Hazen 2011 Cleveland Clinic

The Low Resolution Structure Of Apoa1 In Spherical High Density Lipoprotein Revealed By Small Angle Neutron Scattering, Zhiping Wu, Valentin Gogonea, Xavier Lee, Roland P. May, Vitaliy Pipich, Matthew A. Wagner, Arundhati Undurti, Thomas C. Tallant, Camelia Baleanu Gogonea, Francesca Charlton, Alexander I. Ioffe, Joseph A. Didonato, Kerry Anne Rye, Stanley L. Hazen

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Spherical high density lipoprotein (sHDL), a key player in reverse cholesterol transport and the most abundant form of HDL, is associated with cardiovascular diseases. Small angle neutron scattering with contrast variation was used to determine the solution structure of protein and lipid components of reconstituted sHDL. Apolipoprotein A1, the major protein of sHDL, forms a hollow structure that cradles a central compact lipid core. Three apoA1 chains are arranged within the low resolution structure of the protein component as one of three possible global architectures: (i) a helical dimer with a hairpin (HdHp), (ii) three hairpins (3Hp), or (iii) an ...


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