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Analysis Of Forensically Relevant Evidence Using Electrochemistry, Spectroscopy, And Mass Spectrometry Tools, Colby Edward Ott 2022 West Virginia University

Analysis Of Forensically Relevant Evidence Using Electrochemistry, Spectroscopy, And Mass Spectrometry Tools, Colby Edward Ott

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Forensic science relies on the use of multiple techniques in the assessment of evidence to increase the accuracy and reliability of the results. However, with the rapidly changing drug landscape due to the introduction of novel psychoactive substances, many traditional screening methods are no longer sensitive or selective enough for use. Additionally, many screening methods such as chemical color tests are prone to false positive and negative results and are subjective. Therefore, the goal of this dissertation was to develop a novel analytical scheme that can provide a more efficient, rapid, and sensitive method that will facilitate adoption in the …


Self-Assembly Of Black Cumin Oil-Based Nanoemulsion On Various Surfactants: A Molecular Dynamics Study, Aulia Fikri Hidayat, Taufik Muhammad Fakih 2021 Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Islam Bandung, Bandung 40116, Indonesia

Self-Assembly Of Black Cumin Oil-Based Nanoemulsion On Various Surfactants: A Molecular Dynamics Study, Aulia Fikri Hidayat, Taufik Muhammad Fakih

Makara Journal of Science

Black cumin is commonly used as traditional medicine due to its wide range of pharmacological potential. Black cumin oil (BCO) was often prepared as nanoemulsion to improve its solubility, stability, and bioavailability. This study was conducted to investigate the molecular behavior as well as structural evolution of BCO-surfactant systems during self-assembly micellization using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Several BCO constituents and variations of surfactants were employed to model BCO-surfactant systems. 50 ns of MD simulations were performed to elucidate their evolution of structures and physicochemical properties during formation. Results showed that BCO-tween20 and BCO-lecithin were able to form spherical-shaped micelles …


A Computational Study On A Globular Protein And An Intrinsically Disordered Protein, Cecilia Chavez Garcia 2021 The University of Western Ontario

A Computational Study On A Globular Protein And An Intrinsically Disordered Protein, Cecilia Chavez Garcia

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

We present molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of two protein targets for drug design: Triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) and Methyl CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2). First, we studied three TIM proteins: TcTIM, TbTIM and a chimeric protein (Mut1). The first two are homologous enzymes with high sequence similarity, albeit different biophysical parameters. The chimeric protein has TbTIM’s sequence and 13 single point mutations, which are sufficient to obtain TcTIM-like behaviour in reactivation experiments. We analyzed the residue interaction networks observed in the all-atom MD simulations, as well as their electrostatic interactions and the impact of simulation length on them. A conserved salt …


Solid Sorbents For Improved Chemical Separations: Applications In Nuclear Medicine And Environmental Remediation, Kevin Wolters 2021 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Solid Sorbents For Improved Chemical Separations: Applications In Nuclear Medicine And Environmental Remediation, Kevin Wolters

Theses and Dissertations

Solid sorbents have been applied to the separation of radionuclides since the advent of nuclear technology itself. First used for the cleanup and storage of radionuclides remaining from nuclear testing and nuclear power plants, these materials (e.g., inorganic and organic ion-exchange resins) were used to create solid nuclear waste forms as a way of reducing the potential for environmental contamination arising from storage of liquid wastes. The invention of nuclear medicine, which coincided with the introduction of nuclear technology, led to the need for high purity radionuclides for human use. One of the most widely used radionuclides in nuclear medicine …


Computational Analysis Of The Spin Trapping Properties Of Lipoic Acid And Dihydrolipoic Acid, Matthew Bonfield 2021 East Tennessee State University

Computational Analysis Of The Spin Trapping Properties Of Lipoic Acid And Dihydrolipoic Acid, Matthew Bonfield

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

While the spin trapping properties of thiols have been investigated through EPR analysis and kinetics studies, few groups have studied these properties using strictly computational methods. In particular, α-lipoic acid (ALA) and its reduced form, dihydrolipoic acid (DHLA), one of the strongest endogenously produced antioxidants, show potential for being effective, naturally occurring spin traps for the trapping of reactive oxygen species. This research covers electronic structure calculations of ALA, DHLA, and their corresponding hydroxyl radical spin adducts, performed at the cc-pVDZ/B3LYP/DFT level of theory. The effects on DHLA introduced by other radicals such as ·OOH, ·OCH3, …


Amilorides Inhibit Sars-Cov-2 Replication In Vitro By Targeting Rna Structures, Martina Zafferani, Christina Haddad, Le Luo, Jesse Davila-Calderon, Liang-Yuan Chiu, Christian Shema Mugisha, Adeline G. Monaghan, Andrew A. Kennedy, Joseph D. Yesselman, Robert J. Gifford, Andrew W. Tai, Sebla B. Kutluay, Mei-Ling Li, Gary Brewer, Blanton S. Tolbert, Amanda E. Hargrove 2021 Duke University

Amilorides Inhibit Sars-Cov-2 Replication In Vitro By Targeting Rna Structures, Martina Zafferani, Christina Haddad, Le Luo, Jesse Davila-Calderon, Liang-Yuan Chiu, Christian Shema Mugisha, Adeline G. Monaghan, Andrew A. Kennedy, Joseph D. Yesselman, Robert J. Gifford, Andrew W. Tai, Sebla B. Kutluay, Mei-Ling Li, Gary Brewer, Blanton S. Tolbert, Amanda E. Hargrove

Chemistry Department: Faculty Publications

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, and the likelihood of future coronavirus pandemics, emphasized the urgent need for development of novel antivirals. Small-molecule chemical probes offer both to reveal aspects of virus replication and to serve as leads for antiviral therapeutic development. Here, we report on the identification of amiloride-based small molecules that potently inhibit OC43 and SARS-CoV-2 replication through targeting of conserved structured elements within the viral 5′-end. Nuclear magnetic resonance–based structural studies revealed specific amiloride interactions with stem loops containing bulge like structures and were predicted to be strongly bound by the lead amilorides in retrospective docking studies. Amilorides represent the …


Nuscon: A Community-Driven Platform For Quantitative Evaluation Of Nonuniform Sampling In Nmr, Yulia Pustovalova, Frank Delaglio, D. Levi Craft, Haribabu Arthanari, Ad Bax, Martin Billeter, Mark J. Bostock, Hesam Dashti, D. Flemming Hansen, Sven G. Hyberts, Bruce A. Johnson, Krzysztof Kazimierczuk, Hengfa Lu, Mark Maciejewski, Tomas M. Miljenović, Mehdi Mobli, Daniel Nietlispach, Vladislav Orekhov, Robert Powers, Xiaobo Qu, Scott Anthony Robson, David Rovnyak, Gerhard Wagner, Jinfa Ying, Matthew Zambrello, Jeffrey C. Hoch, David L. Donoho, Adam D. Schuyler 2021 UConn Health

Nuscon: A Community-Driven Platform For Quantitative Evaluation Of Nonuniform Sampling In Nmr, Yulia Pustovalova, Frank Delaglio, D. Levi Craft, Haribabu Arthanari, Ad Bax, Martin Billeter, Mark J. Bostock, Hesam Dashti, D. Flemming Hansen, Sven G. Hyberts, Bruce A. Johnson, Krzysztof Kazimierczuk, Hengfa Lu, Mark Maciejewski, Tomas M. Miljenović, Mehdi Mobli, Daniel Nietlispach, Vladislav Orekhov, Robert Powers, Xiaobo Qu, Scott Anthony Robson, David Rovnyak, Gerhard Wagner, Jinfa Ying, Matthew Zambrello, Jeffrey C. Hoch, David L. Donoho, Adam D. Schuyler

Chemistry Department: Faculty Publications

Although the concepts of nonuniform sampling (NUS) and non-Fourier spectral reconstruction in multidimensional NMR began to emerge 4 decades ago (Bodenhausen and Ernst, 1981; Barna and Laue, 1987), it is only relatively recently that NUS has become more commonplace. Advantages of NUS include the ability to tailor experiments to reduce data collection time and to improve spectral quality, whether through detection of closely spaced peaks (i.e., “resolution”) or peaks of weak intensity (i.e., “sensitivity”). Wider adoption of these methods is the result of improvements in computational performance, a growing abundance and flexibility of software, support from NMR spectrometer vendors, and …


Functional Inks And Indicators For Smart Tag Based Intelligent Packaging Applications, Liisa Hakola, Kaisa Vehmas, Maria Smolander 2021 VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd.

Functional Inks And Indicators For Smart Tag Based Intelligent Packaging Applications, Liisa Hakola, Kaisa Vehmas, Maria Smolander

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Smart Tags are functional, information transmitting elements that combine 2D barcodes and environmental sensing into a cost effective tag that can be attached to e.g. product packages, where additional elements should not increase the product costs significantly. Important feature of these Smart Tags is that they can be attached to products in very high-speed production lines, which makes them suitable to fast moving consumer goods. Because the Smart Tags are sensitive to environmental conditions, they are dynamic, but they also enable context aware services as each of them can be unique. The enabling technologies behind these Smart Tags are i) …


Aptamer-Based Voltammetric Biosensing For The Detection Of Codeine And Fentanyl In Sweat And Saliva, Rosa LaShantez Cromartie 2021 Florida International University

Aptamer-Based Voltammetric Biosensing For The Detection Of Codeine And Fentanyl In Sweat And Saliva, Rosa Lashantez Cromartie

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Despite the many governmental and medicinal restrictions created to combat the opioid epidemic in the United States, opioid abuse and overdose rates continue to rise. The development of an aptamer-based voltammetric sensor and biosensor is described in this dissertation. The aim was to develop a low-cost, sensitive, and specific aptamer-based sensor for on-site, label-free determination of codeine and fentanyl in biological fluids. To do this, the surfaces of screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCE) were modified with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), followed by the addition of single-stranded DNA aptamers. These were covalently bound to the electrode surface. Operations of the sensors were collected …


Electro-Organic Synthesis Of Schiff-Bases And Azo-Schiff Bases By Electrochemical Reduction Of The Nitro Group Group In Different Media, Siba Naseef, Deep Bakair, Rushdi Mador 2021 College of Science, Al-Baath University

Electro-Organic Synthesis Of Schiff-Bases And Azo-Schiff Bases By Electrochemical Reduction Of The Nitro Group Group In Different Media, Siba Naseef, Deep Bakair, Rushdi Mador

Hadhramout University Journal of Natural & Applied Sciences

In this research synthesized amino is derivative of Schiff-bases by using electrolysis cell. Electrochemical reduction of para-nitroaniline and electrocatalysed condensation have been carried out at zinc electrode and anode from coal in the presence of potassium chloride as supporting electrolyte in water/methanol solution, and in the application of 20V voltage, where interaction is in two stages: the first stage involves the electrochemical reduction of nitro group and get the amino and the second phase also, azo Schiff was synthesized between para-nitroaniline and metoxybenzealdehyde by electrolysis method, which was supplied with a zinc electrode as cathode to perform electrochemical reduction in …


A Nosy Neighbor: Purification And Functional Characterization Of Lpg2149, Ashley M. Holahan 2021 Purdue University

A Nosy Neighbor: Purification And Functional Characterization Of Lpg2149, Ashley M. Holahan

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

Ubiquitination is a process that marks proteins for various cell-signaling pathways, namely protein degradation and other processes. Th ese pathways are essential in a wide array of cellular processes, including defense mechanisms against invading pathogens. Th e ubiquitination process is universally found in all eukaryotic organisms, including plants and animals, and thus plays a vital role in cellular homeostasis. Recently, more discoveries have been made on prokaryotic effector proteins that hijack the ubiquitination system even when they do not possess a ubiquitin system of their own. MavC, also known as lpg2147 (Gan, Nakayasu, Hollenbeck, & Luo, 2019; Puvar et al., …


Bioadhesives, Mark Alan Helle, Chin Li Cheung 2021 Lincoln , NE

Bioadhesives, Mark Alan Helle, Chin Li Cheung

Chemistry Department: Faculty Publications

Materials and methods for preparing reactive lignin and for preparing a bio - based adhesive are described herein.


Lateral Growth Of Xenon Hydrate Films On Mica, Avinash Kumar Both, Chin Li Cheung 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Lateral Growth Of Xenon Hydrate Films On Mica, Avinash Kumar Both, Chin Li Cheung

Chemistry Department: Faculty Publications

In this paper, we report an in situ optical microscopy study of lateral growth of xenon (Xe) hydrate thin films on mica at sub-zero temperatures. The interactions between a solid surface and water molecules can strongly affect the alignment of water molecules and induce ice-like ordered structures within the water layer at the water-surface interface. Mica was chosen as a model surface to study the surface effect of hydrophilic sheet silicates on the lateral growth of Xe hydrate films. Under the experimental conditions, the lateral growth of Xe hydrate films was measured to be at an average rapid rate of …


National Chemistry Week: From Irl To The Web, Ilayda Kelley, Daniela Mesa Sanchez 2021 Purdue University

National Chemistry Week: From Irl To The Web, Ilayda Kelley, Daniela Mesa Sanchez

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

National Chemistry Week, an outreach program initiated by the American Chemical Society (ACS), encourages scientists to bring their love of chemistry to their community. Celebrated nationwide, ACS invites businesses, schools, and individuals to organize and participate in community events to promote the value of chemistry in everyday life. The Purdue graduate student chapter of Iota Sigma Pi, a national honor society for women in chemistry, annually organizes one such celebration. On a normal year, this event is a large logistical undertaking in which 100+ volunteers go directly to over 70 local elementary school classrooms and perform a series of activities …


Cyclic Peptide-Gadolinium Nanocomplexes As Sirna Delivery Tools, Amir Nasrolahi Shirazi, Muhammad Imran Sajid, Dindyal Mandal, David Stickley, Stephanie Nagasawa, Joshua Long, Sandeep Lohan, Keykavous Parang, Rakesh Kumar Tiwari 2021 Marshall B. Ketchum University

Cyclic Peptide-Gadolinium Nanocomplexes As Sirna Delivery Tools, Amir Nasrolahi Shirazi, Muhammad Imran Sajid, Dindyal Mandal, David Stickley, Stephanie Nagasawa, Joshua Long, Sandeep Lohan, Keykavous Parang, Rakesh Kumar Tiwari

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

We have recently reported that a cyclic peptide containing five tryptophan, five arginine, and one cysteine amino acids [(WR)5C], was able to produce peptide-capped gadolinium nanoparticles, [(WR)5C]-GdNPs, in the range of 240 to 260 nm upon mixing with an aqueous solution of GdCl3. Herein, we report [(WR)5C]-GdNPs as an efficient siRNA delivery system. The peptide-based gadolinium nanoparticles (50 µM) did not exhibit significant cytotoxicity (~93% cell viability at 50 µM) in human leukemia T lymphoblast cells (CCRF-CEM) and triple-negative breast cancer cells (MDA-MB-231) after 48 h. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis indicated …


Computational Enzymology On Sulfur-Containing Enzymes: From Method To Application, Paul Meister 2021 University of Windsor

Computational Enzymology On Sulfur-Containing Enzymes: From Method To Application, Paul Meister

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Sulfur-containing biomolecules display incredible functional diversity. Indeed, in addition to thiols and thioethers, S-nitrosothiols, 3,4-coordinate, sulfoxides, persulfides and now even polysulfides are commonly observed intermediates. Unfortunately, however, their biological synthesis and roles remain poorly understood. In addition, sulfur-containing species can access a broad range of oxidation states and thus can act as either an electrophile or nucleophile giving rise to an even more diverse set of sulfur-derived functional groups. However, these unique properties can lead to difficulties in characterizing such compounds experimentally and reinforces the need for computational studies to reliably predict their structural and energetic properties. In this dissertation, …


Hemoglobin-Modified Core–Shell Fe3o4@Au Nanostructures For The Electrochemical Detection Of Acrylamide, Endang Saepudin, Tri Yuliani, Mochammad Arfin Fardiansyah Nasution, Munawar Khalil, Jong Wook Hong, Tribidasari Anggraningrum Ivandini 2021 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia

Hemoglobin-Modified Core–Shell Fe3o4@Au Nanostructures For The Electrochemical Detection Of Acrylamide, Endang Saepudin, Tri Yuliani, Mochammad Arfin Fardiansyah Nasution, Munawar Khalil, Jong Wook Hong, Tribidasari Anggraningrum Ivandini

Makara Journal of Science

In this study, electrochemical detection of acrylamide using hemoglobin (Hb)-modified core–shell Fe3O4@Au nanostructures was conducted. Fe3O4 nanoparticles (~4.9 nm) and core–shell Fe3O4@Au (5.0–6.4 nm) nanostructures were successfully synthesized by the thermal decomposition method. Electrochemical investigation revealed that the optimum amount of Hb of 2 mg/mL could be immobilized in 0.1 M acetate buffer solution (pH = 6). Moreover, the detection of acrylamide using Fe3O4@Au/Hb was evaluated by the cyclic voltammetry technique. A linear calibration curve (R2 = 0.98) in the concentration range of …


Oxidation Alters The Architecture Of The Phenylalanyl-Trna Synthetase Editing Domain To Confer Hyperaccuracy, Pooja Srinivas, Rebecca E. Steiner, Ian J. Pavelich, Ricardo Guerrera-Ferreira, Puneet Juneja, Michael Ibba, Christine M. Dunham 2021 Emory University

Oxidation Alters The Architecture Of The Phenylalanyl-Trna Synthetase Editing Domain To Confer Hyperaccuracy, Pooja Srinivas, Rebecca E. Steiner, Ian J. Pavelich, Ricardo Guerrera-Ferreira, Puneet Juneja, Michael Ibba, Christine M. Dunham

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

High fidelity during protein synthesis is accomplished by aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRSs). These enzymes ligate an amino acid to a cognate tRNA and have proofreading and editing capabilities that ensure high fidelity. Phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase (PheRS) preferentially ligates a phenylalanine to a tRNAPhe over the chemically similar tyrosine, which differs from phenylalanine by a single hydroxyl group. In bacteria that undergo exposure to oxidative stress such as Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, tyrosine isomer levels increase due to phenylalanine oxidation. Several residues are oxidized in PheRS and contribute to hyperactive editing, including against mischarged Tyr-tRNAPhe, despite these oxidized residues not …


Effects Of Fluoride On Submandibular Glands Of Mice: Changes In Oxidative Biochemistry, Proteomic Profile, And Genotoxicity, Leidiane Alencar de Oliveira Lima, Giza Hellen Nonato Miranda, Walessa Alana Bragança Aragão, Leonardo Oliveira Bittencourt, Sávio Monteiro dos Santos, Michel Platini Caldas de Souza, Lygia S. Nogueira, Edivaldo Herculano Corrêa de Oliveira, Marta Chagas Monteiro, Aline Dionizio, Aline Lima Leite, Juliano Pelim Pessan, Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf, Rafael Rodrigues Lima 2021 Federal University of Pará

Effects Of Fluoride On Submandibular Glands Of Mice: Changes In Oxidative Biochemistry, Proteomic Profile, And Genotoxicity, Leidiane Alencar De Oliveira Lima, Giza Hellen Nonato Miranda, Walessa Alana Bragança Aragão, Leonardo Oliveira Bittencourt, Sávio Monteiro Dos Santos, Michel Platini Caldas De Souza, Lygia S. Nogueira, Edivaldo Herculano Corrêa De Oliveira, Marta Chagas Monteiro, Aline Dionizio, Aline Lima Leite, Juliano Pelim Pessan, Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf, Rafael Rodrigues Lima

Chemistry Department: Faculty Publications

Although fluoride (F) is well-known to prevent dental caries, changes in cell processes in different tissues have been associated with its excessive exposure. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of F exposure on biochemical, proteomic, and genotoxic parameters of submandibular glands. Twenty one old rats (n = 30) were allocated into three groups: 60 days administration of drinking water containing 10 mgF/L, 50 mgF/L, or only deionized water (control). The submandibular glands were collected for oxidative biochemistry, protein expression profile, and genotoxic potential analyses. The results showed that both F concentrations increased the levels of thiobarbituric acid–reactive …


Atomistic Simulations And In Silico Mutational Profiling Of Protein Stability And Binding In The Sars-Cov-2 Spike Protein Complexes With Nanobodies: Molecular Determinants Of Mutational Escape Mechanisms, Gennady M. Verkhivker, Steve Agajanian, Deniz Yasar Oztas, Grace Gupta 2021 Chapman University

Atomistic Simulations And In Silico Mutational Profiling Of Protein Stability And Binding In The Sars-Cov-2 Spike Protein Complexes With Nanobodies: Molecular Determinants Of Mutational Escape Mechanisms, Gennady M. Verkhivker, Steve Agajanian, Deniz Yasar Oztas, Grace Gupta

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Structure-functional studies have recently revealed a spectrum of diverse high-affinity nanobodies with efficient neutralizing capacity against SARS-CoV-2 virus and resilience against mutational escape. In this study, we combine atomistic simulations with the ensemble-based mutational profiling of binding for the SARS-CoV-2 S-RBD complexes with a wide range of nanobodies to identify dynamic and binding affinity fingerprints and characterize the energetic determinants of nanobody-escaping mutations. Using an in silico mutational profiling approach for probing the protein stability and binding, we examine dynamics and energetics of the SARS-CoV-2 complexes with single nanobodies Nb6 and Nb20, VHH E, a pair combination VHH E + …


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