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Multiomics Approach Captures Hepatic Metabolic Network Altered By Chronic Ethanol Administration, Isin Tuna Sakallioglu, Bridget Tripp, Jacy Kubik, Carol A. Casey, Paul G. Thomes, Robert Powers 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Multiomics Approach Captures Hepatic Metabolic Network Altered By Chronic Ethanol Administration, Isin Tuna Sakallioglu, Bridget Tripp, Jacy Kubik, Carol A. Casey, Paul G. Thomes, Robert Powers

Chemistry Department: Faculty Publications

Using a multiplatform and multiomics approach, we identified metabolites, lipids, proteins, and metabolic pathways that were altered in the liver after chronic ethanol administration. A functional enrichment analysis of the multiomics dataset revealed that rats treated with ethanol experienced an increase in hepatic fatty acyl content, which is consistent with an initial development of steatosis. The nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) and liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC-MS) metabolomics data revealed that the chronic ethanol exposure selectively modified toxic substances such as an increase in glucuronidation tyramine and benzoyl; and a depletion in cholesterol-conjugated glucuronides. Similarly, the lipidomics results revealed that ethanol …


Arginine Methylation Of The Pgc-1Α C‑Terminus Is Temperature- Dependent, Meryl Mendoz, Mariel Mendoza, Tiffany Lubrino, Sidney Briski, Immaculeta Osuji, Janielle Cuala, Brendan Ly, Ivan Ocegueda, Harvey Peralta, Benjamin A. Garcia, Cecilia Zurita-Lopez 2022 California State University, Los Angeles

Arginine Methylation Of The Pgc-1Α C‑Terminus Is Temperature- Dependent, Meryl Mendoz, Mariel Mendoza, Tiffany Lubrino, Sidney Briski, Immaculeta Osuji, Janielle Cuala, Brendan Ly, Ivan Ocegueda, Harvey Peralta, Benjamin A. Garcia, Cecilia Zurita-Lopez

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

We set out to determine whether the C-terminus (amino acids 481–798) of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1 alpha (PGC-1α, UniProt Q9UBK2), a regulatory metabolic protein involved in mitochondrial biogenesis, and respiration, is an arginine methyltransferase substrate. Arginine methylation by protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs) alters protein function and thus contributes to various cellular processes. In addition to confirming methylation of the C-terminus by PRMT1 as described in the literature, we have identified methylation by another member of the PRMT family, PRMT7. We performed in vitro methylation reactions using recombinant mammalian PRMT7 and PRMT1 at 37, 30, 21, 18, and 4 °C. …


The Effect Of Ionization Density In Applications Of Radiation Detection, Dosimetry, And Therapy, Daniel Mulrow 2022 Washington University in St. Louis

The Effect Of Ionization Density In Applications Of Radiation Detection, Dosimetry, And Therapy, Daniel Mulrow

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation covers a wide range of topics but is linked by the common theme of radiation interacting with materials and studying the result of those interactions. The introduction describes the fundamentals of how radiation interacts with material and how we are able to detect that radiation and the application of how we use those interactions in radiation oncology. The thesis starts with a chapter detailing the temperature dependence of the photophysics in two organic scintillators. This chapter is the foundation for a future study that will look the degree to which these scintillators can distinguish between gammas and neutrons …


Uv-Light-Tunable P-/N-Type Chemiresistive Gas Sensors Based On Quasi-1d Tis3 Nanoribbons: Detection Of Isopropanol At Ppm Concentrations, Victor V. Sysoev, Andrey V. Lashkov, Alexey Lipatov, Ilya A. Plugin, Michael Bruns, Dirk Fuchs, Alexey S. Varezhnikov, Mustahsin Adib, Martin Sommer, Alexander Sinitskii 2022 Yuri Gagarin State Technical University of Saratov

Uv-Light-Tunable P-/N-Type Chemiresistive Gas Sensors Based On Quasi-1d Tis3 Nanoribbons: Detection Of Isopropanol At Ppm Concentrations, Victor V. Sysoev, Andrey V. Lashkov, Alexey Lipatov, Ilya A. Plugin, Michael Bruns, Dirk Fuchs, Alexey S. Varezhnikov, Mustahsin Adib, Martin Sommer, Alexander Sinitskii

Chemistry Department: Faculty Publications

The growing demand of society for gas sensors for energy-efficient environmental sensing stimulates studies of new electronic materials. Here, we investigated quasi-one-dimensional titanium trisulfide (TiS3) crystals for possible applications in chemiresistors and on-chip multisensor arrays. TiS3 nanoribbons were placed as a mat over a multielectrode chip to form an array of chemiresistive gas sensors. These sensors were exposed to isopropanol as a model analyte, which was mixed with air at low concentrations of 1–100 ppm that are below the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) permissible exposure limit. The tests were performed at room temperature (RT), as …


Investigations Of Prokaryotic Defense Systems, Hannah Domgaard 2022 Utah State University

Investigations Of Prokaryotic Defense Systems, Hannah Domgaard

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Spring 1920 to Summer 2023

Bacteria are constantly threatened with infection by mobile genetic elements (MGE) such as bacteriophage and plasmids. Bacteriophage and plasmids require the bacteria's cellular infrastructure to replicate their genomes. Rampant replication can lead to cell death which is one reason why bacteria have developed a diverse array of immune systems to prevent or limit infection. This thesis studies three types of bacterial immune systems, type IV-A CRISPR-Cas (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeat –CRISPR associated), type V-A2 CRISPR-Cas systems, and Wadjet systems.

The type IV-A system lies adjacent to a dinG-like helicase gene. Research has shown that this system can target …


Near-Ir Laser Ablation Of Simulated Radiologically Contaminated Oxides On Carbon Steel Feeder Pipes, Thao Viet Do 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Near-Ir Laser Ablation Of Simulated Radiologically Contaminated Oxides On Carbon Steel Feeder Pipes, Thao Viet Do

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

As nuclear power plants age and retire from service, many countries face significant challenges concerning the safe long-term storage and disposal of large volumes of low and intermediate level radioactive wastes (L&ILW). The volumes of metallic waste are of particular concern, as when metal corrodes it produces hydrogen that could lead to pressure build-up in interim storage and disposal. In Canada, a significant fraction of the metallic wastes for Canada Deuterium Uranium (CANDU) nuclear reactors are out-of-core reactor components, such as carbon steel (CS) feeder pipes. The radioactive contamination is expected to be largely confined to the surface oxide layers …


Expanding The Scope Of Clickable Azide-Functionalized Nanoclusters To Include Au144, Johanna A. de Jong 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Expanding The Scope Of Clickable Azide-Functionalized Nanoclusters To Include Au144, Johanna A. De Jong

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Thiolate-protected Au144 nanoclusters (NCs) are an intriguing member of the gold NC family. Their geometric structure, distinct electrochemical features, and susceptibility to structural rearrangement under the duress of ligand exchange have been studied. However, there are currently no established protocols for surface modification or tuning of their ligand shells post synthesis. Here, the direct synthesis of three regioisomers of azide-modified Au144 NCs with 60 azide moieties, i.e., Au144(SC2H4C6H4-N3)60, is reported, in which the azide functionality is located at the ortho-, meta-, or …


Threonine Phosphorylation Of An Electrochemical Peptide-Based Sensor To Achieve Improved Uranyl Ion Binding Affinity, Channing C. Thompson, Rebecca Lai 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Threonine Phosphorylation Of An Electrochemical Peptide-Based Sensor To Achieve Improved Uranyl Ion Binding Affinity, Channing C. Thompson, Rebecca Lai

Chemistry Department: Faculty Publications

We have successfully designed a uranyl ion (U(VI)-specific peptide and used it in the fabrication of an electrochemical sensor. The 12-amino acid peptide sequence, (n) DKDGDGYIpTAAE (c), originates from calmodulin, a Ca(II)-binding protein, and contains a phosphothreonine that enhances the sequence’s affinity for U(VI) over Ca(II). The sensing mechanism of this U(VI) sensor is similar to other electrochemical peptide-based sensors, which relies on the change in the flexibility of the peptide probe upon interacting with the target. The sensor was systematically characterized using alternating current voltammetry (ACV) and cyclic voltammetry. Its limit of detection was 50 nM, which is lower …


Fine Tuning The Pore Surface In Zirconium Metal−Organic Frameworks For Selective Ethane/Ethylene Separation, Yuchen Hu, Yanshu Shi, Yi Xie, Rebecca Shu Hui Khoo, Christian Fiankor, Xu Zhang,, Banglin Chen, Jian Zhang 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Fine Tuning The Pore Surface In Zirconium Metal−Organic Frameworks For Selective Ethane/Ethylene Separation, Yuchen Hu, Yanshu Shi, Yi Xie, Rebecca Shu Hui Khoo, Christian Fiankor, Xu Zhang,, Banglin Chen, Jian Zhang

Chemistry Department: Faculty Publications

Ethylene is an important chemical feedstock for production of polymers and high-value organic chemicals, and yet its conventional purification process is plagued with high consumption of energy. Metal−organic frameworks (MOFs) provide a suitable adsorption platform for selective ethane/ ethylene separation thanks to their structural diversity, tunable pore characteristics, designable pore sizes, and high pore volumes. Although there are empirical design rules like avoiding open metal sites and creating nonpolar pore surfaces for development of adsorptive MOFs, it is still challenging to design robust MOFs that can realize direct ethane-selective separation. Herein, we systematically designed and synthesized three Zr-MOFs based on …


Leveraging The Structure Of Dnaja1 To Discover Novel Potential Pancreatic Cancer Therapies, Heidi E. Roth, Aline De Lima Leite, Nicolas Y. Palermo, Robert Powers 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Leveraging The Structure Of Dnaja1 To Discover Novel Potential Pancreatic Cancer Therapies, Heidi E. Roth, Aline De Lima Leite, Nicolas Y. Palermo, Robert Powers

Chemistry Department: Faculty Publications

Pancreatic cancer remains one of the deadliest forms of cancer with a 5-year survival rate of only 11%. Difficult diagnosis and limited treatment options are the major causes of the poor outcome for pancreatic cancer. The human protein DNAJA1 has been proposed as a potential therapeutic target for pancreatic cancer, but its cellular and biological functions remain unclear. Previous studies have suggested that DNAJA10s cellular activity may be dependent upon its protein binding partners. To further investigate this assertion, the first 107 amino acid structures of DNAJA1 were solved by NMR, which includes the classical J-domain and its associated linker …


Symmetry-Resolved Co Desorption And Oxidation Dynamics On O/Ru(0001) Probed At The C K-Edge By Ultrafast X-Ray Spectroscopy, Jerry LaRue, Boyang Liu, Gabriel L. S. Rodrigues, Chang Liu, Jose Antonio Garrido Torres, Simon Schreck, Elias Diesen, Matthew Weston, Hirohito Ogasawara, Fivos Perakis, Martina Dell'Angela, Flavio Capotondi, Devon Ball, Conner Carnahan, Gary Zeri, Luca Giannessi, Emanuele Pedersoli, Denys Naumenko, Peter Amann, Ivaylo Nikolov, Lorenzo Raimondi, Carlo Spezzani, Martin Beye, Johannes Voss, Hsin-Yi Wang, Filippo Cavalca, Jörgen Gladh, Sergey Koroidov, Frank Abild-Pedersen, Manuel Kolb, Piter S. Miedema, Roberto Costantini, Tony F. Heinz, Alan C. Luntz, Lars G. M. Pettersson, Anders Nilsson 2022 Chapman University

Symmetry-Resolved Co Desorption And Oxidation Dynamics On O/Ru(0001) Probed At The C K-Edge By Ultrafast X-Ray Spectroscopy, Jerry Larue, Boyang Liu, Gabriel L. S. Rodrigues, Chang Liu, Jose Antonio Garrido Torres, Simon Schreck, Elias Diesen, Matthew Weston, Hirohito Ogasawara, Fivos Perakis, Martina Dell'angela, Flavio Capotondi, Devon Ball, Conner Carnahan, Gary Zeri, Luca Giannessi, Emanuele Pedersoli, Denys Naumenko, Peter Amann, Ivaylo Nikolov, Lorenzo Raimondi, Carlo Spezzani, Martin Beye, Johannes Voss, Hsin-Yi Wang, Filippo Cavalca, Jörgen Gladh, Sergey Koroidov, Frank Abild-Pedersen, Manuel Kolb, Piter S. Miedema, Roberto Costantini, Tony F. Heinz, Alan C. Luntz, Lars G. M. Pettersson, Anders Nilsson

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

We report on carbon monoxide desorption and oxidation induced by 400 nm femtosecond laser excitation on the O/Ru(0001) surface probed by time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy (TR-XAS) at the carbon K-edge. The experiments were performed under constant background pressures of CO (6 × 10−8 Torr) and O2 (3 × 10−8 Torr). Under these conditions, we detect two transient CO species with narrow 2π* peaks, suggesting little 2π* interaction with the surface. Based on polarization measurements, we find that these two species have opposing orientations: (1) CO favoring a more perpendicular orientation and (2) CO favoring a more parallel orientation …


Ai Protein Structure Prediction-Based Modeling And Mutagenesis Of A Protostome Receptor And Peptide Ligands Reveal Key Residues For Their Interaction, Shi-Qi Guo, Ya-Dong Li, Ping Chen, Guo Zhang, Hui-Ying Wang, Hui-Min Jiang, Wei-Jia Liu, Ju-Ping Xu, Xue-Ying Ding, Ping Fu, Ke Yu, Hai-Bo Zhou, James W. Checco, Jian Jing 2022 Nanjing University

Ai Protein Structure Prediction-Based Modeling And Mutagenesis Of A Protostome Receptor And Peptide Ligands Reveal Key Residues For Their Interaction, Shi-Qi Guo, Ya-Dong Li, Ping Chen, Guo Zhang, Hui-Ying Wang, Hui-Min Jiang, Wei-Jia Liu, Ju-Ping Xu, Xue-Ying Ding, Ping Fu, Ke Yu, Hai-Bo Zhou, James W. Checco, Jian Jing

Chemistry Department: Faculty Publications

The protostome leucokinin (LK) signaling system, including LK peptides and their G protein-coupled receptors, has been characterized in several species. Despite the progress, molecular mechanisms governing LK peptide–receptor interactions remain to be elucidated. Previously, we identified a precursor protein for Aplysia leucokinin-like peptides (ALKs) that contains the greatest number of amidated peptides among LK precursors in all species identified so far. Here, we identified the first ALK receptor from Aplysia, ALKR. We used cell-based IP1 activation assays to demonstrate that two ALK peptides with the most copies, ALK1 and ALK2, activated ALKR with high potencies. Other endogenous ALK-derived peptides …


Meta-Analysis Reveals Both The Promises And The Challenges Of Clinical Metabolomics, Heidi E. Roth, Robert Powers 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Meta-Analysis Reveals Both The Promises And The Challenges Of Clinical Metabolomics, Heidi E. Roth, Robert Powers

Chemistry Department: Faculty Publications

Clinical metabolomics is a rapidly expanding field focused on identifying molecular biomarkers to aid in the efficient diagnosis and treatment of human diseases. Variations in study design, metabolomics methodologies, and investigator protocols raise serious concerns about the accuracy and reproducibility of these potential biomarkers. The explosive growth of the field has led to the recent availability of numerous replicate clinical studies, which permits an evaluation of the consistency of biomarkers identified across multiple metabolomics projects. Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the third-leading cause of cancer-related death and has the lowest five-year survival rate primarily due to the lack of an …


Enhancing Chemistry Education Through Team-Based Active Learning Strategies, Katelyn Helka 2022 Western University

Enhancing Chemistry Education Through Team-Based Active Learning Strategies, Katelyn Helka

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Retention in STEM can be impacted by different psychosocial factors like sense of belonging, STEM identity, sense of community, and sense of support. The research conducted was used to design a study that will measures these psychosocial factors at the beginning and end of a first-year, general chemistry course. The research also aimed to determine the best active learning method to implement in the general chemistry course, that has over 2000 students enrolled in it, that could improve student feelings towards these psychosocial factors.


Contact Angle & Electrochemical Measurements Of Metallic Atmospheric Corrosion On Copper And Carbon Steel, Jacob J.M. Bunting, Jiju M. Joseph, Heng-Yong Nie, Samantha M. Gateman 2022 Western University

Contact Angle & Electrochemical Measurements Of Metallic Atmospheric Corrosion On Copper And Carbon Steel, Jacob J.M. Bunting, Jiju M. Joseph, Heng-Yong Nie, Samantha M. Gateman

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Understanding atmospheric corrosion has been incredibly challenging due to the complex interplay between surface microstructures, environmental variables, and electrochemical processes. The methodology presented is being developed to apply to atmospheric corrosion models of metals and other advanced materials by observing the change in contact angle in situ as a function of corrosion parameters. Performed contact angle measurements on two industrially relevant metals (copper and carbon steel) over a 1 min to 30-day time span to track the change in wettability due to the formation of an air-formed oxide layer (aged) as a function of surface roughness.


Success And Confidence In, Or Inclusive Of, Undergraduate Chemistry Students Surrounding A Collaborative Learning Intervention, Encouragement Of Metacognition, And A Multifaceted Scholarship Support Program, Maggie Erin Leake 2022 Mississippi State University

Success And Confidence In, Or Inclusive Of, Undergraduate Chemistry Students Surrounding A Collaborative Learning Intervention, Encouragement Of Metacognition, And A Multifaceted Scholarship Support Program, Maggie Erin Leake

Theses and Dissertations

Student success in chemistry has been linked to a wide range of factors. Some of these factors are familiar, easily quantified measures; colleges typically rely on factors like high school GPA and measures of aptitude to make admission decisions or set course prerequisites. Success in chemistry courses can be linked to these measures, and math aptitude scores in particular are often used as prerequisites for introductory chemistry courses. However, success in chemistry can also be affected by factors like motivation, peer interactions, sense of belonging, and metacognitive skill. Additionally, outcomes in chemistry and other STEM courses like math and physics …


Editorial: Expansion Of The Genetic Code: Unnatural Amino Acids And Their Applications, Subhendu Sekhar Bag, Ishu Saraogi, Jiantao Guo 2022 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

Editorial: Expansion Of The Genetic Code: Unnatural Amino Acids And Their Applications, Subhendu Sekhar Bag, Ishu Saraogi, Jiantao Guo

Chemistry Department: Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Nmr And Metabolomics—A Roadmap For The Future, David S. Wishart, Leo L. Cheng, Valérie Copié, Arthur S. Edison, Hamid R. Eghbalnia, Jeffrey C. Hoch, Goncalo J. Gouveia, Wimal Pathmasiri, Robert Powers, Tracey B. Schock, Lloyd W. Sumner, Mario Uchimiya 2022 University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry

Nmr And Metabolomics—A Roadmap For The Future, David S. Wishart, Leo L. Cheng, Valérie Copié, Arthur S. Edison, Hamid R. Eghbalnia, Jeffrey C. Hoch, Goncalo J. Gouveia, Wimal Pathmasiri, Robert Powers, Tracey B. Schock, Lloyd W. Sumner, Mario Uchimiya

Chemistry Department: Faculty Publications

Metabolomics investigates global metabolic alterations associated with chemical, biological, physiological, or pathological processes. These metabolic changes are measured with various analytical platforms including liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS), gas chromatographymass spectrometry (GC-MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). While LC-MS methods are becoming increasingly popular in the field of metabolomics (accounting for more than 70% of published metabolomics studies to date), there are considerable benefits and advantages to NMR-based methods for metabolomic studies. In fact, according to PubMed, more than 926 papers on NMR-based metabolomics were published in 2021—the most ever published in a given year. This suggests that NMR-based metabolomics …


Negative Photoresponse In Ti3C2TX Mxene Monolayers, Nataliia S. Vorobeva, Saman Bagheri, Angel Torres, Alexander Sinitskii 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Negative Photoresponse In Ti3C2TX Mxene Monolayers, Nataliia S. Vorobeva, Saman Bagheri, Angel Torres, Alexander Sinitskii

Chemistry Department: Faculty Publications

Two-dimensional transition metal carbides, nitrides, and carbonitrides, collectively known as MXenes, are finding numerous applications in many different areas, including optoelectronics and photonics, but there is limited information about their intrinsic photoresponse. In this study, we investigated the visible and near-infrared range photoresponse of Ti3C2Tx, the most popular MXene material to date. The electrical measurements were performed on devices based on individual monolayer Ti3C2Tx MXene flakes, which were characterized by a variety of microscopic and spectroscopic methods. For MXene devices with different electrode layouts, the current reproducibly decreased under …


Characterization Of Three-Dimensional Fractional Viscoelastic Models Through Complex Modulus Analysis And Polar Decomposition, Avradip Ghosh, Avinash Kumar Both, Chin Li cheung 2022 University of Houston, College Station-Texas

Characterization Of Three-Dimensional Fractional Viscoelastic Models Through Complex Modulus Analysis And Polar Decomposition, Avradip Ghosh, Avinash Kumar Both, Chin Li Cheung

Chemistry Department: Faculty Publications

Soft materials such as gels, elastomers, and biological tissues have diverse applications in nature and technology due to their viscoelastic nature. These soft materials often exhibit complex rheology and display elastic and viscous characteristics when undergoing deformation. In recent years, fractional calculus has emerged as a promising tool to explain the viscoelastic behavior of soft materials. Scalar constants are primarily used to quantify viscoelastic elements such as springs and dashpots. However, in three-dimensional (3D) space, not all materials show the same elastic or viscoelastic properties in all directions, especially under elastic/viscoelastic wave propagation (or anisotropy). Though previously reported studies on …


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