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Lp 133-373: A New Chromospherically Active Eclipsing Dme Binary With A Distant, Cool White Dwarf Companion, Todd R. Vaccaro, A. Kawka, T. D. Oswalt, I. Silver, M. Wood, J. Allyn Smith 2018 St. Cloud State University

Lp 133-373: A New Chromospherically Active Eclipsing Dme Binary With A Distant, Cool White Dwarf Companion, Todd R. Vaccaro, A. Kawka, T. D. Oswalt, I. Silver, M. Wood, J. Allyn Smith

Terry D. Oswalt

We report the discovery of the partially eclipsing binary LP 133-373. Nearly identical eclipses along with observed photometric colors and spectroscopy indicate that it is a pair of chromospherically active dM4 stars in a circular 1.6 day orbit. Light and velocity curve modeling to our differential photometry and velocity data show that each star has a mass and radius of 0.340+/-0.014 Msolar and 0.33+/-0.02 Rsolar. The binary is itself part of a common proper motion pair with LP 133-374, a cool DC or possible DA white dwarf with a mass of ...


Contribution Of Hi-Bearing Ultra-Diffuse Galaxies To The Cosmic Number Density Of Galaxies, M. Jones, E. Papastergis, V. Pandya, L. Leisman, Aaron J. Romanowsky, L. Yung, R. Somerville, E. Adams 2018 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía

Contribution Of Hi-Bearing Ultra-Diffuse Galaxies To The Cosmic Number Density Of Galaxies, M. Jones, E. Papastergis, V. Pandya, L. Leisman, Aaron J. Romanowsky, L. Yung, R. Somerville, E. Adams

Faculty Publications

We estimate the cosmic number density of the recently identified class of HI-bearing ultra-diffuse sources (HUDs) based on the completeness limits of the ALFALFA survey. These objects have HI masses approximately in the range 8.5 < logMHI∕M⊙ < 9.5, average r-band surface brightnesses fainter than 24 mag arcsec−2, half-light radii greater than 1.5 kpc, and are separated from neighbours by at least 350 kpc. In this work we demonstrate that they contribute at most ~6% of the population of HI-bearing dwarfs detected by ALFALFA (with similar HI masses), have a total cosmic number density of (1.5 ± 0 ...


The Sluggs Survey: A Comparison Of Total-Mass Profiles Of Early-Type Galaxies From Observations And Cosmological Simulations, To ∼4 Effective Radii, Sabine Bellstedt, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Rhea-Silvia Remus, Adam Stevens, Jean Brodie, Adriano Poci, Richard McDermid, Adebusola Alabi, Leonie Chevalier, Caitlin Adams, Anna Ferré-Mateu, Asher Wasserman, Viraj Pandya 2018 Swinburne University of Technology

The Sluggs Survey: A Comparison Of Total-Mass Profiles Of Early-Type Galaxies From Observations And Cosmological Simulations, To ∼4 Effective Radii, Sabine Bellstedt, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Rhea-Silvia Remus, Adam Stevens, Jean Brodie, Adriano Poci, Richard Mcdermid, Adebusola Alabi, Leonie Chevalier, Caitlin Adams, Anna Ferré-Mateu, Asher Wasserman, Viraj Pandya

Faculty Publications

We apply the Jeans Anisotropic Multi-Gaussian Expansion dynamical modelling method to SAGES Legacy Unifying Globulars and GalaxieS (SLUGGS) survey data of early-type galaxies in the stellar mass range 1010 < M*/M⊙ < 1011.6 that cover a large radial range of 0.1–4.0 effective radii. We combine SLUGGS and ATLAS3D data sets to model the total-mass profiles of a sample of 21 fast-rotator galaxies, utilizing a hyperparameter method to combine the two independent data sets. The total-mass density profile slope values derived for these galaxies are consistent with those measured in the inner regions of galaxies by other studies. Furthermore, the total-mass density slopes (γtot) appear to be universal over this broad stellar mass range, with an average value of γtot =  −2.24 ±  0.05 , i.e. slightly steeper than isothermal. We compare our results to model galaxies from the Magneticum and EAGLE cosmological hydrodynamic simulations, in order to probe the mechanisms that are responsible for varying total-mass density profile slopes. The simulated-galaxy slopes are shallower than the observed values by ∼0.3–0.5, indicating that the physical processes shaping the mass distributions of galaxies in cosmological simulations are still incomplete. For galaxies with M* > 1010.7 M⊙ in the Magneticum simulations, we identify a significant anticorrelation between total-mass density profile slopes and the fraction of stellar mass formed ex situ (i.e. accreted), whereas this anticorrelation is weaker for lower stellar masses, implying that the measured total-mass density slopes for low-mass galaxies are less likely to be determined by merger activity.


Orbital Characteristics Of The Subdwarf-B And F V Star Binary Ec 20117-4014 (=V4640 Sgr), T. Otani, T. D. Oswalt, A. E. Lynas-Gray, D. Kilkenny, C. Koen, M. Amaral, R. Jordan 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Orbital Characteristics Of The Subdwarf-B And F V Star Binary Ec 20117-4014 (=V4640 Sgr), T. Otani, T. D. Oswalt, A. E. Lynas-Gray, D. Kilkenny, C. Koen, M. Amaral, R. Jordan

Publications

Among the competing evolution theories for subdwarf-B (sdB) stars is the binary evolution scenario. EC 20117-4014 (=V4640 Sgr) is a spectroscopic binary system consisting of a pulsating sdB star and a late F main-sequence companion; however, the period and the orbit semimajor axes have not been precisely determined. This paper presents orbital characteristics of the EC 20117-4014 binary system using 20 years of photometric data. Periodic observed minus calculated (OC) variations were detected in the two highest-amplitude pulsations identified in the EC 20117-4014 power spectrum, indicating the binary system's precise orbital period (P = 792.3 days) and the ...


Book Review: Spectral Atlas For Amateur Astronomers: A Guide To The Spectra Of Astronomical Objects And Terrestrial Light Sources, T. D. Oswalt 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Book Review: Spectral Atlas For Amateur Astronomers: A Guide To The Spectra Of Astronomical Objects And Terrestrial Light Sources, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of Spectral Atlas for Amateur Astronomers: A Guide to the Spectra of Astronomical Objects and Terrestrial Light Sources by Richard Walker. Cambridge 2017, 277 p bibl index, 9781107165908 $89.99, 9781316731048 $72.00


Contribution Of Hi-Bearing Ultra-Diffuse Galaxies To The Cosmic Number Density Of Galaxies, M. G. Jones, E. Papastergis, V. Pandya, L. Leisman, Aaron J. Romanowsky, L. Y. A. Yung, R. S. Somerville, E. A. K. Adams 2018 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía

Contribution Of Hi-Bearing Ultra-Diffuse Galaxies To The Cosmic Number Density Of Galaxies, M. G. Jones, E. Papastergis, V. Pandya, L. Leisman, Aaron J. Romanowsky, L. Y. A. Yung, R. S. Somerville, E. A. K. Adams

Aaron J. Romanowsky

We estimate the cosmic number density of the recently identified class of HI-bearing ultra-diffuse sources (HUDs) based on the completeness limits of the ALFALFA survey. These objects have HI masses approximately in the range 8.5 < logMHIM < 9.5, average r-band surface brightnesses fainter than 24 mag arcsec−2, half-light radii greater than 1.5 kpc, and are separated from neighbours by at least 350 kpc. In this work we demonstrate that they contribute at most ~6% of the population of HI-bearing dwarfs detected by ALFALFA (with similar HI masses), have a total cosmic number density ...


The Sluggs Survey: A Comparison Of Total-Mass Profiles Of Early-Type Galaxies From Observations And Cosmological Simulations, To ∼4 Effective Radii, Sabine Bellstedt, Duncan A. Forbes, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Rhea-Silvia Remus, Adam R H Stevens, Jean P. Brodie, Adriano Poci, Richard McDermid, Adebusola B. Alabi, Leonie Chevalier, Caitlin Adams, Anna Ferré-Mateu, Asher Wasserman, Viraj Pandya 2018 Swinburne University of Technology

The Sluggs Survey: A Comparison Of Total-Mass Profiles Of Early-Type Galaxies From Observations And Cosmological Simulations, To ∼4 Effective Radii, Sabine Bellstedt, Duncan A. Forbes, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Rhea-Silvia Remus, Adam R H Stevens, Jean P. Brodie, Adriano Poci, Richard Mcdermid, Adebusola B. Alabi, Leonie Chevalier, Caitlin Adams, Anna Ferré-Mateu, Asher Wasserman, Viraj Pandya

Aaron J. Romanowsky

We apply the Jeans Anisotropic Multi-Gaussian Expansion dynamical modelling method to SAGES Legacy Unifying Globulars and GalaxieS (SLUGGS) survey data of early-type galaxies in the stellar mass range 1010 < M*/M < 1011.6 that cover a large radial range of 0.1–4.0 effective radii. We combine SLUGGS and ATLAS3D data sets to model the total-mass profiles of a sample of 21 fast-rotator galaxies, utilizing a hyperparameter method to combine the two independent data sets. The total-mass density profile slope values derived for these galaxies are consistent with those measured in the inner regions of galaxies ...


Cataclysmic Variable Stars In The Sloan Digital Sky Survey, Sinead Humphrey, Samantha Smiley, Andres Munoz, Brian Saboriendo 2018 DePaul University

Cataclysmic Variable Stars In The Sloan Digital Sky Survey, Sinead Humphrey, Samantha Smiley, Andres Munoz, Brian Saboriendo

DePaul Discoveries

The purpose of this study is to identify Cataclysmic Variables (CVs) using spectroscopic and photometric data. CVs are useful for studying plasma physics in extreme conditions such as the high temperature and strong magnetic fields seen in CV accretion disks. They are also critical for understanding the evolution of binary stars, both in the field and in globular clusters. This project used photometric and spectroscopic data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) to identify and classify CVs. 6,000 objects were selected based on multi-color criteria and analyzed using spectral data. Approximately 1% of these objects in the sample ...


A Spatially-Resolved X-Ray Spectroscopic Analysis Of The Luminous Northeastern Rim Of The Galactic Supernova Remnant W28 (G6.4-0.1), Sarah Norris, Thomas Pannuti 2018 Department of Earth and Space Sciences, College of Science

A Spatially-Resolved X-Ray Spectroscopic Analysis Of The Luminous Northeastern Rim Of The Galactic Supernova Remnant W28 (G6.4-0.1), Sarah Norris, Thomas Pannuti

Celebration of Student Scholarship Posters Archive

No abstract provided.


The Nature Of Deeply Buried Ultraluminous Infrared Galaxies: A Unified Model For Highly Obscured Dusty Galaxy Emission, J. A. Marshall, Moshe Elitzur, L. Armus, T. Diaz-Santos, V. Charmandaris 2018 Glendale College

The Nature Of Deeply Buried Ultraluminous Infrared Galaxies: A Unified Model For Highly Obscured Dusty Galaxy Emission, J. A. Marshall, Moshe Elitzur, L. Armus, T. Diaz-Santos, V. Charmandaris

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

We present models of deeply buried ultraluminous infrared galaxy (ULIRG) spectral energy distributions (SEDs) and use them to construct a three-dimensional diagram for diagnosing the nature of observed ULIRGs. Our goal is to construct a suite of SEDs for a very simple model ULIRG structure, and to explore how well this simple model can (by itself) explain the full range of observed ULIRG properties. We use our diagnostic to analyze archival Spitzer Space Telescope Infrared Spectrograph data of ULIRGs and find that: (1) in general, our model does provide a comprehensive explanation of the distribution of mid-IR ULIRG properties; (2 ...


3d Printed Filar Micrometer, Emily Rull 2018 Olivet Nazarene University

3d Printed Filar Micrometer, Emily Rull

Honors Program Projects

Background

Double stars are celestial objects that allow for calculating the mass of stars by assessing their orbits. Stellar mass affects every current model of stellar evolution, but the most accurate double star orbits can take decades to record. Due to the long-term nature of such observations and lack of groundbreaking research in double star studies, professional astronomers are no longer focused on making these measurements, so amateur astronomers can pick up where professionals have left off. Amateurs can only do this if they can get the equipment that they need at prices they can afford. A personally-manufactured filar micrometer ...


An Investigation Into The Suitability Of Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria As Models For Martian Forward Contamination, Maxwell M. W. Silver 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

An Investigation Into The Suitability Of Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria As Models For Martian Forward Contamination, Maxwell M. W. Silver

Theses and Dissertations

The NASA Planetary Protection policy requires interplanetary space missions do not compromise the target body for a current or future scientific investigation and do not pose an unacceptable risk to Earth, including biologic materials. Robotic missions to Mars pose a risk to planetary protection in the forms of forward and reverse contamination. To reduce these risks, a firm understanding of microbial response to Mars conditions is required. Sulfate-reducing bacteria are prime candidates for potential forward contamination on Mars. Understanding the potential for forward-contamination of sulfate-reducers on Mars calls for the characterization of sulfate-reducers under Mars atmosphere, temperature, and sulfate-brines. This ...


The Stellar Populations Of Two Ultra-Diffuse Galaxies From Optical And Near-Infrared Photometry, Viraj Pandya, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Seppo Laine, Jean Brodie, Benjamin Johnson, William Glaccum, Alexa Villaume, Jean-Charles Cuillandre, Stephen Gwyn, Jessica Krick, Ronald Lasker, Ignacio Martín-Navarro, David Martinez-Delgado, Pieter van Dokkum 2018 University of California, Santa Cruz

The Stellar Populations Of Two Ultra-Diffuse Galaxies From Optical And Near-Infrared Photometry, Viraj Pandya, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Seppo Laine, Jean Brodie, Benjamin Johnson, William Glaccum, Alexa Villaume, Jean-Charles Cuillandre, Stephen Gwyn, Jessica Krick, Ronald Lasker, Ignacio Martín-Navarro, David Martinez-Delgado, Pieter Van Dokkum

Faculty Publications

We present observational constraints on the stellar populations of two ultra-diffuse galaxies (UDGs) using optical through near-infrared (NIR) spectral energy distribution (SED) fitting. Our analysis is enabled by new Spitzer-IRAC 3.6 and 4.5 μm imaging, archival optical imaging, and the prospectorfully Bayesian SED fitting framework. Our sample contains one field UDG (DGSAT I), one Virgo cluster UDG (VCC 1287), and one Virgo cluster dwarf elliptical for comparison (VCC 1122). We find that the optical–NIR colors of the three galaxies are significantly different from each other. We infer that VCC 1287 has an old (7.7 ...


The Stellar Populations Of Two Ultra-Diffuse Galaxies From Optical And Near-Infrared Photometry, Viraj Pandya, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Seppo Laine, Jean P. Brodie, Benjamin D. Johnson, William Glaccum, Alexa Villaume, Jean-Charles Cuillandre, Stephen Gwyn, Jessica Krick, Ronald Lasker, Ignacio Martín-Navarro, David Martinez-Delgado, Pieter G. van Dokkum 2018 University of California, Santa Cruz

The Stellar Populations Of Two Ultra-Diffuse Galaxies From Optical And Near-Infrared Photometry, Viraj Pandya, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Seppo Laine, Jean P. Brodie, Benjamin D. Johnson, William Glaccum, Alexa Villaume, Jean-Charles Cuillandre, Stephen Gwyn, Jessica Krick, Ronald Lasker, Ignacio Martín-Navarro, David Martinez-Delgado, Pieter G. Van Dokkum

Aaron J. Romanowsky

We present observational constraints on the stellar populations of two ultra-diffuse galaxies (UDGs) using optical through near-infrared (NIR) spectral energy distribution (SED) fitting. Our analysis is enabled by new Spitzer-IRAC 3.6 and 4.5 μm imaging, archival optical imaging, and the prospectorfully Bayesian SED fitting framework. Our sample contains one field UDG (DGSAT I), one Virgo cluster UDG (VCC 1287), and one Virgo cluster dwarf elliptical for comparison (VCC 1122). We find that the optical–NIR colors of the three galaxies are significantly different from each other. We infer that VCC 1287 has an old (7 ...


Upper Limits On The Presence Of Central Massive Black Holes In Two Ultra-Compact Dwarf Galaxies In Centaurus A, Karina Voggel, Anil Seth, Nadine Neumayer, Steffen Mieske, Igor Chilingarian, Christopher Ahn, Holger Baumgardt, Michael Hilker, Dieu Nguyen, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Jonelle Walsh, Mark den Brok, Jay Strader 2018 University of Utah

Upper Limits On The Presence Of Central Massive Black Holes In Two Ultra-Compact Dwarf Galaxies In Centaurus A, Karina Voggel, Anil Seth, Nadine Neumayer, Steffen Mieske, Igor Chilingarian, Christopher Ahn, Holger Baumgardt, Michael Hilker, Dieu Nguyen, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Jonelle Walsh, Mark Den Brok, Jay Strader

Faculty Publications

The recent discovery of massive black holes (BHs) in the centers of high-mass ultra-compact dwarf galaxies (UCDs) suggests that at least some are the stripped nuclear star clusters of dwarf galaxies. We present the first study that investigates whether such massive BHs, and therefore stripped nuclei, also exist in low-mass (M < 107 M ⊙) UCDs. We constrain the BH masses of two UCDs located in Centaurus A (UCD 320 and UCD 330) using Jeans modeling of the resolved stellar kinematics from adaptive optics data obtained with the SINFONI integral field spectrograph at the Very Large Telescope (VLT/SINFONI). No massive BHs are ...


Upper Limits On The Presence Of Central Massive Black Holes In Two Ultra-Compact Dwarf Galaxies In Centaurus A, Karina T. Voggel, Anil C. Seth, Nadine Neumayer, Steffen Mieske, Igor Chilingarian, Christopher P. Ahn, Holger Baumgardt, Michael Hilker, Dieu D. Nguyen, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Jonelle L. Walsh, Mark den Brok, Jay Strader 2018 University of Utah

Upper Limits On The Presence Of Central Massive Black Holes In Two Ultra-Compact Dwarf Galaxies In Centaurus A, Karina T. Voggel, Anil C. Seth, Nadine Neumayer, Steffen Mieske, Igor Chilingarian, Christopher P. Ahn, Holger Baumgardt, Michael Hilker, Dieu D. Nguyen, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Jonelle L. Walsh, Mark Den Brok, Jay Strader

Aaron J. Romanowsky

The recent discovery of massive black holes (BHs) in the centers of high-mass ultra-compact dwarf galaxies (UCDs) suggests that at least some are the stripped nuclear star clusters of dwarf galaxies. We present the first study that investigates whether such massive BHs, and therefore stripped nuclei, also exist in low-mass (M < 107 M ) UCDs. We constrain the BH masses of two UCDs located in Centaurus A (UCD 320 and UCD 330) using Jeans modeling of the resolved stellar kinematics from adaptive optics data obtained with the SINFONI integral field spectrograph at the Very Large Telescope (VLT/SINFONI). No massive ...


High Resolution Spectroscopy Of The Hyades Giants, Antonio Martinez 2018 The Univeristy of Western Ontario

High Resolution Spectroscopy Of The Hyades Giants, Antonio Martinez

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The four K0IIIHyades red clump giants, γ , δ , ϵ , and θ 1Tauri, are ideal candidates for cool star research. They are easily observable at a distance of only 47 pc and one star, ϵ Tauri, is a suspected Maunder minimum star. These stars also provide a useful opportunity to investigate the nature of the photospheric velocity field, and assess the effectiveness of a range of spectroscopic tools including the merits of the microturbulence-macroturbulence approach to the study of cool star spectra. High resolution (λ /Δ λ ∼ 100,000) exposures, taken from January 2001 to October 2008 in the 6250 Å ...


Breaking The Habit: The Peculiar 2016 Eruption Of The Unique Recurrent Nova M31n 2008-12a, M. Henze, T. D. Oswalt, M. J. Darnley, S. C. Williams, M. Kato, et al. 2018 San Diego State University

Breaking The Habit: The Peculiar 2016 Eruption Of The Unique Recurrent Nova M31n 2008-12a, M. Henze, T. D. Oswalt, M. J. Darnley, S. C. Williams, M. Kato, Et Al.

Publications

Since its discovery in 2008, the Andromeda galaxy nova M31N 2008-12a has been observed in eruption every single year. This unprecedented frequency indicates an extreme object, with a massive white dwarf and a high accretion rate, which is the most promising candidate for the single-degenerate progenitor of a Type Ia supernova known to date. The previous three eruptions of M31N 2008-12a have displayed remarkably homogeneous multiwavelength properties: (i) from a faint peak, the optical light curve declined rapidly by two magnitudes in less than two days, (ii) early spectra showed initial high velocities that slowed down significantly within days and ...


"Water Fountain" Masers In Proto-Planetary Nebulae, Patrick R. Latimer 2018 University of New Mexico

"Water Fountain" Masers In Proto-Planetary Nebulae, Patrick R. Latimer

2018 Award Winners

No abstract provided.


An Enigmatic Population Of Luminous Globular Clusters In A Galaxy Lacking Dark Matter, Pieter van Dokkum, Yotam Cohen, Shany Danieli, J. Diederik Kruijssen, Aaron Romanowsky, Allison Merritt, Roberto Abraham, Jean Brodie, Charlie Conroy, Deborah Lokhorst, Lamiya Mowla, Ewan O'Sullivan, Jielai Zhang 2018 Yale University

An Enigmatic Population Of Luminous Globular Clusters In A Galaxy Lacking Dark Matter, Pieter Van Dokkum, Yotam Cohen, Shany Danieli, J. Diederik Kruijssen, Aaron Romanowsky, Allison Merritt, Roberto Abraham, Jean Brodie, Charlie Conroy, Deborah Lokhorst, Lamiya Mowla, Ewan O'Sullivan, Jielai Zhang

Faculty Publications

We recently found an ultra diffuse galaxy (UDG) with a half-light radius of R e = 2.2 kpc and little or no dark matter. The total mass of NGC1052–DF2 was measured from the radial velocities of bright compact objects that are associated with the galaxy. Here, we analyze these objects using a combination of Hubble Space Telescope (HST) imaging and Keck spectroscopy. Their average size is pc and their average ellipticity is . From a stacked Keck spectrum we derive an age of 9 Gyr and a metallicity of [Fe/H] = −1.35 ± 0.12. Their properties are similar to ...


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