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Veritas And Fermi-Lat Observations Of Tev Gamma-Ray Sources Discovered By Hawc In The 2hwc Catalog, John Hewitt 2019 University of North Florida

Veritas And Fermi-Lat Observations Of Tev Gamma-Ray Sources Discovered By Hawc In The 2hwc Catalog, John Hewitt

Showcase of Faculty Scholarly & Creative Activity

The High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) collaboration recently published their 2HWC catalog, listing 39 very high energy (VHE; >100 GeV) gamma-ray sources based on 507 days of observation. Among these, 19 sources are not associated with previously known teraelectronvolt (TeV) gamma-ray sources. We have studied 14 of these sources without known counterparts with VERITAS and Fermi-LAT. VERITAS detected weak gamma-ray emission in the 1 TeV–30 TeV band in the region of DA 495, a pulsar wind nebula coinciding with 2HWC J1953+294, confirming the discovery of the source by HAWC. We did not find any counterpart for the selected ...


Magic And Fermi-Lat Gamma-Ray Results On Unassociated Hawc Sources, John Hewitt 2019 University of North Florida

Magic And Fermi-Lat Gamma-Ray Results On Unassociated Hawc Sources, John Hewitt

Showcase of Faculty Scholarly & Creative Activity

The HAWC Collaboration released the 2HWC catalogue of TeV sources, in which 19 show no association with any known high-energy (HE; E>10 GeV) or very-high-energy (VHE; E>300 GeV) sources. This catalogue motivated follow-up studies by both the Major Atmospheric Gamma-ray Imaging Cherenkov (MAGIC) and Fermi-LAT (Large Area Telescope) observatories with the aim of investigating gamma-ray emission over a broad energy band. In this paper, we report the results from the first joint work between High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC), MAGIC, and Fermi-LAT on three unassociated HAWC sources: 2HWC J2006+341, 2HWC J1907+084*, and 2HWC J1852+013*. Although ...


Charged Compact Binary Coalescence Signal And Electromagnetic Counterpart Of Plunging Black Hole–Neutron Star Mergers, Bing Zhang 2019 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Charged Compact Binary Coalescence Signal And Electromagnetic Counterpart Of Plunging Black Hole–Neutron Star Mergers, Bing Zhang

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Publications

If at least one of the members of a compact binary coalescence is charged, the inspiral of the two members would generate a Poynting flux with an increasing power, giving rise to a brief electromagnetic counterpart temporally associated with the chirp signal of the merger (with possibly a small temporal offset), which we term as the charged compact binary coalescence (cCBC) signal. We develop a general theory of cCBC for any mass and amount of charge for each member. Neutron stars (NSs), as spinning magnets, are guaranteed to be charged, so the cCBC signal should accompany all NS mergers. The ...


Book Review: Exoplanets : Hidden Worlds And The Quest For Extraterrestrial Life, T. D. Oswalt 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Book Review: Exoplanets : Hidden Worlds And The Quest For Extraterrestrial Life, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of Exoplanets : Hidden Worlds and the Quest for Extraterrestrial Life. Harvard, 2018. 254p bibl index, 9780674976900 $24.95, 9780674988897


Astronomy For Educators, Daniel E. Barth 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Astronomy For Educators, Daniel E. Barth

Open Educational Resources

Astronomy for Educators provides new and accomplished K-12 instructors with concepts and projects for low-cost, high-impact STEM classroom instruction that is built around the National Academies National Research Council's K-12 Framework for Science Education.


Mirach’S Goblin: Discovery Of A Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy Behind The Andromeda Galaxy, David Martínez-Delgado, Eva K. Grebel, Behnam Javanmardi, Walter Boschin, Nicolas Longeard, Julio A. Carballo-Bello, Dmitry Makarov, Michael A. Beasley, Giuseppe Donatiello, Martha P. Haynes, Duncan A. Forbes, Aaron J. Romanowsky 2018 Universität Heidelberg

Mirach’S Goblin: Discovery Of A Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy Behind The Andromeda Galaxy, David Martínez-Delgado, Eva K. Grebel, Behnam Javanmardi, Walter Boschin, Nicolas Longeard, Julio A. Carballo-Bello, Dmitry Makarov, Michael A. Beasley, Giuseppe Donatiello, Martha P. Haynes, Duncan A. Forbes, Aaron J. Romanowsky

Aaron J. Romanowsky

Context. It is of broad interest for galaxy formation theory to carry out a full inventory of the numbers and properties of dwarf galaxies, both satellite and isolated, in the Local Volume.

Aims. Ultra-deep imaging in wide areas of the sky with small amateur telescopes can help to complete the census of these hitherto unknown low-surface-brightness galaxies, which cannot be detected by the current resolved stellar population and HI surveys. We report the discovery of Donatiello I, a dwarf spheroidal galaxy located one degree from the star Mirach (β And) in a deep image taken with an amateur telescope.

Methods ...


Angular Momentum And Galaxy Formation Revisited: Scaling Relations For Disks And Bulges, S. Michael Fall, Aaron Romanowsky 2018 Space Telescope Science Institute

Angular Momentum And Galaxy Formation Revisited: Scaling Relations For Disks And Bulges, S. Michael Fall, Aaron Romanowsky

Faculty Publications

We show that the stellar specific angular momentum j, mass M, and bulge fraction of normal galaxies of all morphological types are consistent with a simple model based on a linear superposition of independent disks and bulges. In this model, disks and bulges follow scaling relations of the form and with but offset from each other by a factor of 8 ± 2 over the mass range . Separate fits for disks and bulges alone give and , respectively. This model correctly predicts that galaxies follow a curved 2D surface in the 3D space of , , and . We find no statistically significant indication that ...


Angular Momentum And Galaxy Formation Revisited: Scaling Relations For Disks And Bulges, S. Michael Fall, Aaron J. Romanowsky 2018 Space Telescope Science Institute

Angular Momentum And Galaxy Formation Revisited: Scaling Relations For Disks And Bulges, S. Michael Fall, Aaron J. Romanowsky

Aaron J. Romanowsky

We show that the stellar specific angular momentum j, mass M, and bulge fraction  of normal galaxies of all morphological types are consistent with a simple model based on a linear superposition of independent disks and bulges. In this model, disks and bulges follow scaling relations of the form  and  with  but offset from each other by a factor of 8 ± 2 over the mass range . Separate fits for disks and bulges alone give  and , respectively. This model correctly predicts that galaxies follow a curved 2D surface in the 3D space of , and . We find no statistically significant indication that ...


The Dragonfly Nearby Galaxies Survey. V. Hst/Acs Observations Of 23 Low Surface Brightness Objects In The Fields Of Ngc 1052, Ngc 1084, M96, And Ngc 4258, Yotam Cohen, Pieter van Dokkum, Shany Danieli, Aaron Romanowsky, Roberto Abraham, Allison Merritt, Jielai Zhang, Lamiya Mowla, J. Diederik Kruijssen, Charlie Conroy, Asher Wasserman 2018 Yale University

The Dragonfly Nearby Galaxies Survey. V. Hst/Acs Observations Of 23 Low Surface Brightness Objects In The Fields Of Ngc 1052, Ngc 1084, M96, And Ngc 4258, Yotam Cohen, Pieter Van Dokkum, Shany Danieli, Aaron Romanowsky, Roberto Abraham, Allison Merritt, Jielai Zhang, Lamiya Mowla, J. Diederik Kruijssen, Charlie Conroy, Asher Wasserman

Faculty Publications

We present Hubble Space Telescope/Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) imaging of 23 very low surface brightness (μ e,V ~ 25–27.5) galaxies detected in the fields of four nearby galaxy groups. These objects were selected from deep optical imaging obtained with the Dragonfly Telephoto Array. Seven are newly identified, while most of the others had been seen previously in visual surveys of deep photographic plates and more recent surveys. Few have previously been studied in detail. From the ACS images, we measure distances to the galaxies using both the tip of the red giant branch method and the ...


The Dragonfly Nearby Galaxies Survey. V. Hst/Acs Observations Of 23 Low Surface Brightness Objects In The Fields Of Ngc 1052, Ngc 1084, M96, And Ngc 4258, Yotam Cohen, Pieter van Dokkum, Shany Danieli, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Roberto Abraham, Allison Merritt, Jielai Zhang, Lamiya Mowla, J. M. Diederik Kruijssen, Charlie Conroy, Asher Wasserman 2018 Yale University

The Dragonfly Nearby Galaxies Survey. V. Hst/Acs Observations Of 23 Low Surface Brightness Objects In The Fields Of Ngc 1052, Ngc 1084, M96, And Ngc 4258, Yotam Cohen, Pieter Van Dokkum, Shany Danieli, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Roberto Abraham, Allison Merritt, Jielai Zhang, Lamiya Mowla, J. M. Diederik Kruijssen, Charlie Conroy, Asher Wasserman

Aaron J. Romanowsky

We present Hubble Space Telescope/Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) imaging of 23 very low surface brightness (μ e,V  ~ 25–27.5) galaxies detected in the fields of four nearby galaxy groups. These objects were selected from deep optical imaging obtained with the Dragonfly Telephoto Array. Seven are newly identified, while most of the others had been seen previously in visual surveys of deep photographic plates and more recent surveys. Few have previously been studied in detail. From the ACS images, we measure distances to the galaxies using both the tip of the red giant branch method and the ...


Bayesian Analysis Of Two Stellar Populations In Galactic Globular Clusters Ii: Ngc 5024, Ngc 5272, And Ngc 6352, Rachel Wagner-Kaiser, Ted von Hippel, David Stenning, Elliot Robinson, Ata Sarajedini, David van Dyk, Nathan Stein, William H. Jefferys 2018 University of Florida

Bayesian Analysis Of Two Stellar Populations In Galactic Globular Clusters Ii: Ngc 5024, Ngc 5272, And Ngc 6352, Rachel Wagner-Kaiser, Ted Von Hippel, David Stenning, Elliot Robinson, Ata Sarajedini, David Van Dyk, Nathan Stein, William H. Jefferys

Publications

We use Cycle 21 Hubble Space Telescope (HST) observations and HST archival ACS Treasury observations of Galactic Globular Clusters to find and characterize two stellar populations in NGC 5024 (M53), NGC 5272 (M3), and NGC 6352. For these three clusters, both single and double-population analyses are used to determine a best fit isochrone(s). We employ a sophisticated Bayesian analysis technique to simultaneously fit the cluster parameters (age, distance, absorption, and metallicity) that characterize each cluster. For the two-population analysis, unique population level helium values are also fit to each distinct population of the cluster and the relative proportions of ...


The Extended Planetary Nebula Spectrograph (Epn.S) Early-Type Galaxy Survey: The Kinematic Diversity Of Stellar Halos And The Relation Between Halo Transition Scale And Stellar Mass, C. Pulsoni, O. Gerhard, M. Arnaboldi, L. Coccato, A. Longobardi, N. R. Napolitano, E. Moylan, C. Narayan, V. Gupta, A. Burkert, M. Capaccioli, A. L. Chies-Santos, A. Cortesi, K. C. Freeman, K. Kuijken, M. R. Merrifield, Aaron J. Romanowsky, C. Tortora 2018 Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics

The Extended Planetary Nebula Spectrograph (Epn.S) Early-Type Galaxy Survey: The Kinematic Diversity Of Stellar Halos And The Relation Between Halo Transition Scale And Stellar Mass, C. Pulsoni, O. Gerhard, M. Arnaboldi, L. Coccato, A. Longobardi, N. R. Napolitano, E. Moylan, C. Narayan, V. Gupta, A. Burkert, M. Capaccioli, A. L. Chies-Santos, A. Cortesi, K. C. Freeman, K. Kuijken, M. R. Merrifield, Aaron J. Romanowsky, C. Tortora

Aaron J. Romanowsky

Context. In the hierarchical two-phase formation scenario, the halos of early type galaxies (ETGs) are expected to have different physical properties from the galaxies’ central regions.

Aims. The ePN.S survey characterizes the kinematic properties of ETG halos using planetary nebulae (PNe) as tracers, overcoming the limitations of absorption line spectroscopy at low surface brightness.

Methods. We present two-dimensional velocity and velocity dispersion fields for 33 ETGs, including fast (FRs) and slow rotators (SRs). The velocity fields were reconstructed from the measured PN velocities using an adaptive kernel procedure validated with simulations, and extend to a median of 5.6 ...


Wide-Field Kinematics Of Globular Clusters In The Leo I Group (Corrigendum), G. Bergond, S. Zepf, Aaron Romanowsky, R. Sharples, K. Rhode 2018 Michigan State University

Wide-Field Kinematics Of Globular Clusters In The Leo I Group (Corrigendum), G. Bergond, S. Zepf, Aaron Romanowsky, R. Sharples, K. Rhode

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Wide-Field Kinematics Of Globular Clusters In The Leo I Group (Corrigendum), G. Bergond, S. E. Zepf, Aaron J. Romanowsky, R. M. Sharples, K. L. Rhode 2018 Michigan State University

Wide-Field Kinematics Of Globular Clusters In The Leo I Group (Corrigendum), G. Bergond, S. E. Zepf, Aaron J. Romanowsky, R. M. Sharples, K. L. Rhode

Aaron J. Romanowsky

No abstract provided.


Expected And Achievable Accuracy In Estimating Parameters Of Standing Accretion Shock Instability (Sasi) Fluctuations From Neutrinos And Gravitational Wave Oscillations, Colter Richardson, Jonathan Westhouse 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Expected And Achievable Accuracy In Estimating Parameters Of Standing Accretion Shock Instability (Sasi) Fluctuations From Neutrinos And Gravitational Wave Oscillations, Colter Richardson, Jonathan Westhouse

Undergraduate Research Symposium - Prescott

Core collapse supernovae are one of the most interesting sources of gravitational waves. When the progenitor star is particularly massive, hydrodynamic instability called standing accretion shock instability can develop and it is characterized by deterministic oscillations in the gravitational wave signal as well as in the neutrino luminosity with frequencies of 100hz. In this talk we will review current efforts to extract physical information from the SASI components of the gravitational wave and enhance the detectability of gravitational waves with such components both using laser interferometers and neutrino detectors.


Modeling And Detectability Of Gravitational Wave Waveform Memory From Core Collapse Supernovae, Pedro Jesus Quinonez, Emily Grimes 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Modeling And Detectability Of Gravitational Wave Waveform Memory From Core Collapse Supernovae, Pedro Jesus Quinonez, Emily Grimes

Undergraduate Research Symposium - Prescott

Ever since the discovery of gravitational waves by LIGO, studying these waves have become of utmost importance. This is because gravitational waves have the potential to carry information that have remain unseen by physicist in the past. For example, take the case of a core collapse supernovae. Any information transferred through electromagnetic waves that attempts to escape the inner core of a dying star is blocked out by the intense radiation of its outer shell. For this reason, astronomers have been unable to truly study what goes in the core. However, this is not the case for gravitational waves, which ...


Chromodynamical Analysis Of Lenticular Galaxies Using Globular Clusters And Planetary Nebulae, Emilio Zanatta, Arianna Cortesi, Ana Chies-Santos, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Adebusola Alabi, Lodovico Coccato, Claudia Mendes de Oliveira, Jean Brodie, Michael Merrifield 2018 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

Chromodynamical Analysis Of Lenticular Galaxies Using Globular Clusters And Planetary Nebulae, Emilio Zanatta, Arianna Cortesi, Ana Chies-Santos, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Adebusola Alabi, Lodovico Coccato, Claudia Mendes De Oliveira, Jean Brodie, Michael Merrifield

Faculty Publications

Recovering the origins of lenticular galaxies can shed light on the understanding of galaxy and compare them with the kinematics of planetary nebulae (PNe). The PNe and GC data come from the Planetary Nebulae Spectrograph and the SLUGGS Surveys. Through photometric spheroid-disc decomposition and PNe kinematics. we find the probability for a given GC to belong to either the spheroid or the disc of its host galaxy or be rejected from the model. We find that there is no correlation between the components that the GCs are likely to belong to and their colours. Particularly, for NGC 2768, we find ...


Origins Of Ultradiffuse Galaxies In The Coma Cluster – Ii. Constraints From Their Stellar Populations, Anna Ferre-Mateu, Adebusola Alabi, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Jean Brodie, Viraj Pandya, Ignacio Mart´ın-Navarro, Sabine Bellstedt, Asher Wasserman, Maria Stone, Nobuhiro Okabe 2018 Swinburne University of Technology - Australia

Origins Of Ultradiffuse Galaxies In The Coma Cluster – Ii. Constraints From Their Stellar Populations, Anna Ferre-Mateu, Adebusola Alabi, Duncan Forbes, Aaron Romanowsky, Jean Brodie, Viraj Pandya, Ignacio Mart´In-Navarro, Sabine Bellstedt, Asher Wasserman, Maria Stone, Nobuhiro Okabe

Faculty Publications

In this second paper of the series we study, with new Keck/DEIMOS spectra, the stellar populations of seven spectroscopically confirmed ultradiffuse galaxies (UDGs) in the Coma cluster. We find intermediate to old ages (∼7 Gyr), low metallicities ([Z/H] ∼ −0.7 dex) and mostly supersolar abundance patterns ([Mg/Fe] ∼ 0.13 dex). These properties are similar to those of low-luminosity (dwarf) galaxies inhabiting the same area in the cluster and are mostly consistent with being the continuity of the stellar mass scaling relations of more massive galaxies. These UDGs’ star formation histories imply a relatively recent infall into the ...


A Bayesian Analysis Of The Ages Of Four Open Clusters, Elizabeth Jeffery, Ted von Hippel, David A. van Dyk, David C. Stenning, Elliot Robinson, Nathan Sten, William H. Jefferys 2018 BYU

A Bayesian Analysis Of The Ages Of Four Open Clusters, Elizabeth Jeffery, Ted Von Hippel, David A. Van Dyk, David C. Stenning, Elliot Robinson, Nathan Sten, William H. Jefferys

Publications

In this paper we apply a Bayesian technique to determine the best fit of stellar evolution models to find the main sequence turn off age and other cluster parameters of four intermediate-age open clusters: NGC 2360, NGC 2477, NGC 2660, and NGC 3960. Our algorithm utilizes a Markov chain Monte Carlo technique to fit these various parameters, objectively finding the best-fit isochrone for each cluster. The result is a high-precision isochrone fit. We compare these results with the those of traditional “by-eye” isochrone fitting methods. By applying this Bayesian technique to NGC 2360, NGC 2477, NGC 2660, and NGC 3960 ...


Chromodynamical Analysis Of Lenticular Galaxies Using Globular Clusters And Planetary Nebulae, Emilio J B Zanatta, Arianna Cortesi, Ana L. Chies-Santos, Duncan A. Forbes, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Adebusola B. Alabi, Lodovico Coccato, Claudia Mendes de Oliveira, Jean P. Brodie, Michael M. Merrifield 2018 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

Chromodynamical Analysis Of Lenticular Galaxies Using Globular Clusters And Planetary Nebulae, Emilio J B Zanatta, Arianna Cortesi, Ana L. Chies-Santos, Duncan A. Forbes, Aaron J. Romanowsky, Adebusola B. Alabi, Lodovico Coccato, Claudia Mendes De Oliveira, Jean P. Brodie, Michael M. Merrifield

Aaron J. Romanowsky

Recovering the origins of lenticular galaxies can shed light on the understanding of galaxy and compare them with the kinematics of planetary nebulae (PNe). The PNe and GC data come from the Planetary Nebulae Spectrograph and the SLUGGS Surveys. Through photometric spheroid-disc decomposition and PNe kinematics. we find the probability for a given GC to belong to either the spheroid or the disc of its host galaxy or be rejected from the model. We find that there is no correlation between the components that the GCs are likely to belong to and their colours. Particularly, for NGC 2768, we find ...


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