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6,699 full-text articles. Page 207 of 207.

Hard Photodisintegration Of A Proton Pair, I. Pomerantz, N. Bubis, K. Allada, A. Beck, B. L. Berman, W. Boeglin, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, K. Chirapatpimol, E. Cisbani 2010 Old Dominion University

Hard Photodisintegration Of A Proton Pair, I. Pomerantz, N. Bubis, K. Allada, A. Beck, B. L. Berman, W. Boeglin, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, K. Chirapatpimol, E. Cisbani

Physics Faculty Publications

We present a study of high energy photodisintegration of proton-pairs through the γ + 3He → p + p + n channel. Photon energies, , from 0.8 to 4.7 GeV were used in kinematics corresponding to a proton pair with high relative momentum and a neutron nearly at rest. The s−11 scaling of the cross section, as predicted by the constituent counting rule for two nucleon photodisintegration, was observed for the first time. The onset of the scaling is at a higher energy and the cross section is significantly lower than for deuteron (pn pair) photodisintegration. For below the ...


Limit On Continuous Neutrino Emission From Neutron Stars, Itzhak Goldman, Shmuel Nussinov 2010 Afeka College of Engineering

Limit On Continuous Neutrino Emission From Neutron Stars, Itzhak Goldman, Shmuel Nussinov

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

The timing data of the binary pulsar PSR1913+16, are used to establish an upper limit on the rate of continuous neutrino emission from neutron stars. Neutrino emission from each of the neutron stars of the binary system, increases the star binding energy and thus translates to a decrease in their masses. This in turn implies an increase with time of the binary period. Using the pulsar data we obtain an upper limit on the allowed rate of mass reduction: vertical bar M vertical bar < 1.1 x 10(-12) yr(-1) M, where M is the total mass of the binary. This constrains exotic nuclear equations of state that predict continuous neutrino emissions. The limit applies also to other channels of energy loss, e. g. axion emission. Continued timing measurements of additional binary pulsars, should yield a stronger limit in the future.


First Measurement Of The Muon Neutrino Charged Current Quasielastic Double Differential Cross Section, A. Aguilar-Arevalo, Sally Koutsoliotas 2010 Bucknell University

First Measurement Of The Muon Neutrino Charged Current Quasielastic Double Differential Cross Section, A. Aguilar-Arevalo, Sally Koutsoliotas

Faculty Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Physical And Dynamical Structure Of Serpens - Two Very Different Sub-(Proto)Clusters, A. Duarte-Cabral, G. A. Fuller, N. Peretto, J. Hatchell, Edwin F. Ladd, J. Buckle, J. Richer, S. F. Graves 2010 Bucknell University

The Physical And Dynamical Structure Of Serpens - Two Very Different Sub-(Proto)Clusters, A. Duarte-Cabral, G. A. Fuller, N. Peretto, J. Hatchell, Edwin F. Ladd, J. Buckle, J. Richer, S. F. Graves

Faculty Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


Non-Linear Pair Production In Scattering Of Photons On Ultra-Short Laser Pulses At High Energy, Kirill Tuchin 2010 Iowa State University

Non-Linear Pair Production In Scattering Of Photons On Ultra-Short Laser Pulses At High Energy, Kirill Tuchin

Physics and Astronomy Publications

We consider scattering of a photon on a short intense laser pulse at high energy. We argue that for ultrashort laser pulses the interaction is coherent over the entire length of the pulse. At low pulse intensity I the total cross section for electron–positron pair production is proportional to I. However, at pulse intensities higher than the characteristic value Is , the total cross section saturates – it becomes proportional to the logarithm of intensity. This non-linear effect is due to multi-photon interactions. We derive the total cross section for pair production at high energies by resuming the multi-photon amplitudes to ...


The Afterglows Of Swift-Era Gamma-Ray Bursts. I. Comparing Pre-Swift And Swift-Era Long/Soft (Type Ii) Grb Optical Afterglows, D. A. Kann, S. Klose, B. Zhang, D. Malesani, E. Nakar, A. Pozanenko, A. C. Wilson, N. R. Butler, P. Jakobsson, S. Schulze, M. Andreev, L. A. Antonelli, I. F. Bikmaev, V. Biryukov, M. B¨ottcher, R. A. Burenin, J. M. Castro Cer´on, A. J. Castro-Tirado, G. Chincarini, B. E. Cobb, S. Covino, P. D’Avanzo, V. D’Elia, M. Della Valle, A. de Ugarte Postigo, Yu Efimov, P. Ferrero, D. Fugazza, D. Fugazza, J. P.U. Fynbo, M. Gålfalk, F. Grundahl, J. Gorosabel, S. Gupta, S. Guziy, B. Hafizov, J. Hjorth, K. Holhjem, M. Ibrahimov, M. Im, G. L. Israel, M. Je´linek, B. L. Jensen, R. Karimov, I. M. Khamitov, U. Kizilogˇlu, E. Klunko, P. Kuba´nek, A. S. Kutyrev, P. Laursen, A. J. Levan, F. Mannucci, C. M. Martin, A. Mescheryakov, N. Mirabal, J. P. Norris, J. -E. Ovaldsen, D. Paraficz, E. Pavlenko, S. Piranomonte, A. Rossi, V. Rumyantsev, R. Salinas, A. Sergeev, D. Sharapov, J. Sollerman, B. Stecklum, L. Stella, G. Tagliaferri, N. R. Tanvir, J. Telting, V. Testa, Adria Updike, A. Volnova, D. Watson, K. Wiersema, D. Xu 2010 Roger Williams University

The Afterglows Of Swift-Era Gamma-Ray Bursts. I. Comparing Pre-Swift And Swift-Era Long/Soft (Type Ii) Grb Optical Afterglows, D. A. Kann, S. Klose, B. Zhang, D. Malesani, E. Nakar, A. Pozanenko, A. C. Wilson, N. R. Butler, P. Jakobsson, S. Schulze, M. Andreev, L. A. Antonelli, I. F. Bikmaev, V. Biryukov, M. B¨Ottcher, R. A. Burenin, J. M. Castro Cer´On, A. J. Castro-Tirado, G. Chincarini, B. E. Cobb, S. Covino, P. D’Avanzo, V. D’Elia, M. Della Valle, A. De Ugarte Postigo, Yu Efimov, P. Ferrero, D. Fugazza, D. Fugazza, J. P.U. Fynbo, M. Gålfalk, F. Grundahl, J. Gorosabel, S. Gupta, S. Guziy, B. Hafizov, J. Hjorth, K. Holhjem, M. Ibrahimov, M. Im, G. L. Israel, M. Je´Linek, B. L. Jensen, R. Karimov, I. M. Khamitov, U. KizilogˇLu, E. Klunko, P. Kuba´Nek, A. S. Kutyrev, P. Laursen, A. J. Levan, F. Mannucci, C. M. Martin, A. Mescheryakov, N. Mirabal, J. P. Norris, J. -E. Ovaldsen, D. Paraficz, E. Pavlenko, S. Piranomonte, A. Rossi, V. Rumyantsev, R. Salinas, A. Sergeev, D. Sharapov, J. Sollerman, B. Stecklum, L. Stella, G. Tagliaferri, N. R. Tanvir, J. Telting, V. Testa, Adria Updike, A. Volnova, D. Watson, K. Wiersema, D. Xu

Arts & Sciences Faculty Publications

We have gathered optical photometry data from the literature on a large sample of Swift-era gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglows including GRBs up to 2009 September, for a total of 76 GRBs, and present an additional three pre-Swift GRBs not included in an earlier sample. Furthermore, we publish 840 additional new photometry data points on a total of 42 GRB afterglows, including large data sets for GRBs 050319, 050408, 050802, 050820A, 050922C, 060418, 080413A, and 080810. We analyzed the light curves of all GRBs in the sample and derived spectral energy distributions for the sample with the best data quality, allowing ...


Begin The Adventure : How To Break The Light Barrier By A.D. 2079 (3rd Ed.), Florentin Smarandache, Homer B. Tilton 2010 University of New Mexico

Begin The Adventure : How To Break The Light Barrier By A.D. 2079 (3rd Ed.), Florentin Smarandache, Homer B. Tilton

Faculty and Staff Publications

This edition, the third, has undergone a subtle name change, going from "A.D. 2070" in the title to A.D. 2079 as the timeline is fine-tuned. Because of the almost universal failure to recognize the distinction between physical (reality-based, dynamical) and visual (appearance-based, kinematical) variables, a tremendous volume of mythology arose over the past 100 years centered around Einstein's reality view of the distortions of special relativity. To get a sense of it, we point the reader to Paul J. Nahin's heroic book, Time Machines, 2nd ed.,- to these Tech Notes in particular: TN#6. "A High-Speed ...


Off To A Good Start: Using Clustering To Select The Initial Training Set In Active Learning, Rong Hu, Brian Mac Namee, Sarah Jane Delany 2010 Technological University Dublin

Off To A Good Start: Using Clustering To Select The Initial Training Set In Active Learning, Rong Hu, Brian Mac Namee, Sarah Jane Delany

Conference papers

Active learning (AL) is used in textual classification to alleviate the cost of labelling documents for training. An important issue in AL is the selection of a representative sample of documents to label for the initial training set that seeds the process, and clustering techniques have been successfully used in this regard. However, the clustering techniques used are nondeterministic which causes inconsistent behaviour in the AL process. In this paper we first illustrate the problems associated with using non-deterministic clustering for initial training set selection in AL. We then examine the performance of three deterministic clustering techniques for this task ...


Relations Relevant To The One Body Reduction Of The Gravitational Two Body Problem, Eric Addison 2009 Utah State University

Relations Relevant To The One Body Reduction Of The Gravitational Two Body Problem, Eric Addison

Eric Addison

The one body reduction of the two body problem is outlined along with several important relations. It is verified that both masses in a binary system orbit around the common center of mass.


The Stellar And Gaseous Contents Of The Orion Dwarf Galaxy, John Cannon, Korey Haynes, Hans Most, John Salzer, Kaitlin Haugland, Jillian Scudder, Arthur Sugden, Jacob Weindling 2009 Macalester College

The Stellar And Gaseous Contents Of The Orion Dwarf Galaxy, John Cannon, Korey Haynes, Hans Most, John Salzer, Kaitlin Haugland, Jillian Scudder, Arthur Sugden, Jacob Weindling

John Cannon

No abstract provided.


Spatially Resolved Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Emission Features In Nearby, Low Metallicity, Star-Forming Galaxies, Korey Haynes, John Cannon, Evan Skillman, Dale Jackson, Robert Gehrz 2009 Macalester College

Spatially Resolved Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Emission Features In Nearby, Low Metallicity, Star-Forming Galaxies, Korey Haynes, John Cannon, Evan Skillman, Dale Jackson, Robert Gehrz

John Cannon

No abstract provided.


Instantaneous Velocities Of A Two Body Orbit, Eric Addison 2009 Utah State University

Instantaneous Velocities Of A Two Body Orbit, Eric Addison

Eric Addison

This short note will derive expressions for the instantaneous velocity of the components in a two-body elliptical Keplerian orbit.


Derivation Of Initial Velocities For A Two-Body Orbit In The Barycenter Frame, Eric Addison 2009 Utah State University

Derivation Of Initial Velocities For A Two-Body Orbit In The Barycenter Frame, Eric Addison

Eric Addison

The readily available information for two body orbits generally refers to the one dimensional, reduced mass case. Information about initial conditions in the barycenter frame is not easily found. In order to derive the initial velocities required for a two-body orbit in the barycenter frame, the momentum of the reduced mass can be used.


Origins Of The Extragalactic Background At 1mm From A Combined Analysis Of The Aztec And Mambo Data In Goods-N, Kyle Penner, Alexandra Pope, Edward L. Chapin, Thomas R. Greve, Frank Bertoldi, Mark Brodwin, Ranga-Ram Chary, Christopher J, Conselice, Kristen Coppin, Mauro Giavalisco, David H. Hughes, Rob J. Ivison, Thushara Perera, Douglas Scott, Kimberly Scott, Grant Wilson 2009 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Origins Of The Extragalactic Background At 1mm From A Combined Analysis Of The Aztec And Mambo Data In Goods-N, Kyle Penner, Alexandra Pope, Edward L. Chapin, Thomas R. Greve, Frank Bertoldi, Mark Brodwin, Ranga-Ram Chary, Christopher J, Conselice, Kristen Coppin, Mauro Giavalisco, David H. Hughes, Rob J. Ivison, Thushara Perera, Douglas Scott, Kimberly Scott, Grant Wilson

Thushara A. Perera

We present a study of the cosmic infrared background, which is a measure of the dust obscured activity in all galaxies in the Universe. We venture to isolate the galaxies responsible for the background at 1mm; with spectroscopic and photometric redshifts we constrain the redshift distribution of these galaxies. We create a deep 1.16mm map (sigma ~ 0.5mJy) by combining the AzTEC 1.1mm and MAMBO 1.2mm datasets in GOODS-N. This combined map contains 41 secure detections, 13 of which are new. By averaging the 1.16mm flux densities of individually undetected galaxies with 24um flux densities > 25uJy ...


Binary Tidal Disruption Radius, Eric Addison 2009 Utah State University

Binary Tidal Disruption Radius, Eric Addison

Eric Addison

An expression for the tidal disruption radius of a binary system is calculated.


The Globular Cluster System Of Ngc 1399. V. Dynamics Of The Cluster System Out To 80 Kpc, Y. Schuberth, T. Richtler, M. Hilker, B. Dirsch, L. Bassino, Aaron J. Romanowsky, L. Infante 2009 Universidad Nacional de La Plata

The Globular Cluster System Of Ngc 1399. V. Dynamics Of The Cluster System Out To 80 Kpc, Y. Schuberth, T. Richtler, M. Hilker, B. Dirsch, L. Bassino, Aaron J. Romanowsky, L. Infante

Aaron J. Romanowsky

Globular clusters (GCs) are tracers of the gravitational potential of their host galaxies. Moreover, their kinematic properties may provide clues for understanding the formation of GC systems and their host galaxies. We use the largest set of GC velocities obtained so far of any elliptical galaxy to revise and extend the previous investigations (Richtler et al. 2004) of the dynamics of NGC 1399, the central dominant galaxy of the nearby Fornax cluster of galaxies. The GC velocities are used to study the kinematics, their relation with population properties, and the dark matter halo of NGC 1399. We have obtained 477 ...


Central Dark Matter Content Of Early-Type Galaxies: Scaling Relations And Connections With Star Formation Histories, N. R. Napolitano, Aaron J. Romanowsky, A. J. Tortora 2009 San Jose State University

Central Dark Matter Content Of Early-Type Galaxies: Scaling Relations And Connections With Star Formation Histories, N. R. Napolitano, Aaron J. Romanowsky, A. J. Tortora

Aaron J. Romanowsky

We examine correlations between masses, sizes and star formation histories for a large sample of low-redshift early-type galaxies, using a simple suite of dynamical and stellar population models. We confirm an anticorrelation between the size and stellar age and go on to survey for trends with the central content of dark matter (DM). An average relation between the central DM density and galaxy size of 〈ρDM〉∝R−2eff provides the first clear indication of cuspy DM haloes in these galaxies – akin to standard Λ cold dark matter haloes that have undergone adiabatic contraction. The DM density scales with galaxy mass ...


The Zeeman Effect In The Sobolev Approximation Ii. Radial Split Monopole Fields And The ‘Heartbeat’ Stokes V Profile., K. G. Gayley, R. Ignace 2009 East Tennessee State University

The Zeeman Effect In The Sobolev Approximation Ii. Radial Split Monopole Fields And The ‘Heartbeat’ Stokes V Profile., K. G. Gayley, R. Ignace

Richard Ignace

We calculate the circularly polarized Stokes V(λ) profile for emission lines, formed in hot-star winds threaded with a weak radial magnetic field. For simplicity, the field is treated as a split monopole under the assumptions that it has been radially combed by the wind, and rotation is not playing a central role. Invoking the weak-field approximation, we find that the V(λ) profile has a characteristic “heartbeat” shape exhibiting multiple sign inversions, which might be mistaken for noise in the absence of theoretical guidance. We also conclude that there is a tendency for the V(λ) profile to integrate ...


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