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Cosmology, Relativity, and Gravity Commons

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Constraining The Black Hole Mass Spectrum With Gravitational Wave Observations – I. The Error Kernel, Danny C. Jacobs, Joseph E. Plowman, Ronald W. Hellings, Sachiko Tsuruta, Shane L. Larson 2010 Utah State University

Constraining The Black Hole Mass Spectrum With Gravitational Wave Observations – I. The Error Kernel, Danny C. Jacobs, Joseph E. Plowman, Ronald W. Hellings, Sachiko Tsuruta, Shane L. Larson

All Physics Faculty Publications

Many scenarios have been proposed for the origin of the supermassive black holes (SMBHs) that are found in the centres of most galaxies. Many of these formation scenarios predict a high-redshift population of intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs), with masses M in the range 102M≲ 105 M. A powerful way to observe these IMBHs is via gravitational waves the black holes emit as they merge. The statistics of the observed black hole population should, in principle, allow us to discriminate between competing astrophysical scenarios for the origin and formation of SMBHs. However, …


Chasing Cosmic Bullets: The Pierre Auger Experiment, Angela Olinto 2010 Illinois Math and Science Academy

Chasing Cosmic Bullets: The Pierre Auger Experiment, Angela Olinto

IMSA Great Minds Program ®

The most energetic particles in the universe are ultra-high energy cosmic rays. Millions of times more powerful than anything produced by man-made accelerators, their origin has been a mystery for about a century. Over the last several years, an international collaboration of 18 countries joined forces to solve this mystery by building the Pierre Auger Observatory. Spread over 3,000 square kilometers in western Argentina, the observatory was recently inaugurated. During its construction, the observatory gathered enough of these rare particles to find the first clues to their origin. The most energetic of these particles tend to point to cosmologically nearby …


Discovery Of Variability In The Very High Energy Gamma-Ray Emission Of 1es 1218+304 With Veritas, P. T. Reynolds, et al 2010 Department of Physical Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology, Bishopstown, Cork, Ireland

Discovery Of Variability In The Very High Energy Gamma-Ray Emission Of 1es 1218+304 With Veritas, P. T. Reynolds, Et Al

Physical Sciences Publications

We present results from an intensive VERITAS monitoring campaign of the high-frequency peaked BL Lac object 1ES 1218+304 in 2008/2009. Although 1ES 1218+304 was detected previously by MAGIC and VERITAS at a persistent level of ~6% of the Crab Nebula flux, the new VERITAS data reveal a prominent flare reaching ~20% of the Crab. While very high energy (VHE) flares are quite common in many nearby blazars, the case of 1ES 1218+304 (redshift z = 0.182) is particularly interesting since it belongs to a group of blazars that exhibit unusually hard VHE spectra considering their redshifts. When correcting the measured …


Begin The Adventure : How To Break The Light Barrier By A.D. 2079 (3rd Ed.), Florentin Smarandache, Homer B. Tilton 2010 University of New Mexico

Begin The Adventure : How To Break The Light Barrier By A.D. 2079 (3rd Ed.), Florentin Smarandache, Homer B. Tilton

Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications

This edition, the third, has undergone a subtle name change, going from "A.D. 2070" in the title to A.D. 2079 as the timeline is fine-tuned. Because of the almost universal failure to recognize the distinction between physical (reality-based, dynamical) and visual (appearance-based, kinematical) variables, a tremendous volume of mythology arose over the past 100 years centered around Einstein's reality view of the distortions of special relativity. To get a sense of it, we point the reader to Paul J. Nahin's heroic book, Time Machines, 2nd ed.,- to these Tech Notes in particular: TN#6. "A High-Speed Rocket Is a One-Way Time …


Relations Relevant To The One Body Reduction Of The Gravitational Two Body Problem, Eric Addison 2009 Utah State University

Relations Relevant To The One Body Reduction Of The Gravitational Two Body Problem, Eric Addison

Eric Addison

The one body reduction of the two body problem is outlined along with several important relations. It is verified that both masses in a binary system orbit around the common center of mass.


Instantaneous Velocities Of A Two Body Orbit, Eric Addison 2009 Utah State University

Instantaneous Velocities Of A Two Body Orbit, Eric Addison

Eric Addison

This short note will derive expressions for the instantaneous velocity of the components in a two-body elliptical Keplerian orbit.


Derivation Of Initial Velocities For A Two-Body Orbit In The Barycenter Frame, Eric Addison 2009 Utah State University

Derivation Of Initial Velocities For A Two-Body Orbit In The Barycenter Frame, Eric Addison

Eric Addison

The readily available information for two body orbits generally refers to the one dimensional, reduced mass case. Information about initial conditions in the barycenter frame is not easily found. In order to derive the initial velocities required for a two-body orbit in the barycenter frame, the momentum of the reduced mass can be used.


Binary Tidal Disruption Radius, Eric Addison 2009 Utah State University

Binary Tidal Disruption Radius, Eric Addison

Eric Addison

An expression for the tidal disruption radius of a binary system is calculated.


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