Inter-Colony Comparison Of Diving Behavior Of An Arctic Top Predator: Implications For Warming In The Greenland Sea, 2011 Pomona College

#### Inter-Colony Comparison Of Diving Behavior Of An Arctic Top Predator: Implications For Warming In The Greenland Sea, Nina J. Karnovsky, Zachary W. Brown '07, Jorg Welcker, Ann M.A. Harding, Wojciech Walkusz, André Cavalcanti, Johanna S. Hardin, Alexander Kitaysky, Geir Gabrielsen, David Grémillet

*Pomona Faculty Publications and Research*

The goal of this study was to assess how diverse oceanographic conditions and prey communities affect the foraging behavior of little auks *Alle alle*. The Greenland Sea is characterized by 3 distinct water masses: (1) the East Greenland Current (EGC), which carries Arctic waters southward; (2) the Sørkapp Current (SC), which originates in the Arctic Ocean but flows north along the west coast of Spitsbergen; and (3) the West Spitsbergen Current (WSC), which carries warm Atlantic-derived water north. Each of these 3 water masses is characterized by a distinct mesozooplankton community. Little auks breeding adjacent to the EGC have access ...

Direct Consequences Of The Basic Ballot Theorem, 2010 Occidental College

#### Direct Consequences Of The Basic Ballot Theorem, Tamas Lengyel

*Tamas Lengyel*

We use only the classic basic ballot result and simple combinatorial arguments to derive the distributions of the first passage time and the number of visits in the usual random walk model.

Reorientational Versus Kerr Dark And Gray Solitary Waves Using Modulation Theory, 2010 University of Wollongong

#### Reorientational Versus Kerr Dark And Gray Solitary Waves Using Modulation Theory, Prof. Tim Marchant

*Tim Marchant*

We develop a modulation theory model based on a Lagrangian formulation to investigate the evolution of dark and gray optical spatial solitary waves for both the defocusing nonlinear Schrodinger (NLS) equation and the nematicon equations describing nonlinear beams, nematicons, in self-defocusing nematic liquid crystals. Since it has an exact soliton solution, the defocusing NLS equation is used as a test bed for the modulation theory applied to the nematicon equations, which have no exact solitary wave solution. We find that the evolution of dark and gray NLS solitons, as well as nematicons, is entirely driven by the emission of diffractive ...

Bifurcation And Invariant Manifolds Of The Ricker Competition Model, 2010 Trinity University

#### Bifurcation And Invariant Manifolds Of The Ricker Competition Model, Saber Elaydi

*Saber Elaydi*

We study the stability and bifurcation of all equilibrium points, including extinction, exclusion, and coexistence points. Stable , unsgtable are computed. Moreover, for the nonhyperbolic cases, we computed the center manifolds and determine their stability or lack of it thereof.

Generalized Zeta Functions, 2010 Illinois Wesleyan University

#### Generalized Zeta Functions, Tian-Xiao He

*Tian-Xiao He*

We present here a wide class of generalized zeta function in terms of the generalized Mobius functions and its properties.

Applying A Marginalized Frailty Model To Competing Risks, 2010 The University of Western Ontario

#### Applying A Marginalized Frailty Model To Competing Risks, Stephanie Dixon, G. Darlington, V. Edge

*Stephanie Dixon*

No abstract provided.

A Competing Risk Model For Correlated Data Based On The Subdistribution Hazard, 2010 The University of Western Ontario

#### A Competing Risk Model For Correlated Data Based On The Subdistribution Hazard, Stephanie Dixon, G. Darlington, A. Desmond

*Stephanie Dixon*

No abstract provided.

The Analytical Evolution Of Nls Solitons Due To The Numerical Discretization Error, 2010 University of Wollongong

#### The Analytical Evolution Of Nls Solitons Due To The Numerical Discretization Error, Prof. Tim Marchant

*Tim Marchant*

Soliton perturbation theory is used to obtain analytical solutions describing solitary wave tails or shelves, due to numerical discretization error, for soliton solutions of the nonlinear Schrodinger equation. Two important implicit numerical schemes for the nonlinear Schrodinger equation, with second-order temporal and spatial discretization errors, are considered. These are the Crank-Nicolson scheme and a scheme, due to Taha [1], based on the inverse scattering transform. The first-order correction for the solitary wave tail, or shelf, is in integral form and an explicit expression is found for large time. The shelf decays slowly, at a rate of t(-1/2), which ...

Riordan Arrays Associated With Laurent Series And Generalized Sheffer-Type Groups, 2010 Illinois Wesleyan University

#### Riordan Arrays Associated With Laurent Series And Generalized Sheffer-Type Groups, Tian-Xiao He

*Tian-Xiao He*

A relationship between a pair of Laurent series and Riordan arrays is formulated. In addition, a type of generalized Sheffer groups is defined using Riordan arrays with respect to power series with non-zero coefficients. The isomorphism between a generalized Sheffer group and the group of the Riordan arrays associated with Laurent series is established. Furthermore, Appell, associated, Bell, and hitting-time subgroups of the groups are defined and discussed. A relationship between the generalized Sheffer groups with respect to different power series is presented. The equivalence of the defined Riordan array pairs and generalized Stirling number pairs is given. A type ...

Using Confidence Distribution Sampling To Visualize Confidence Sets, 2010 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

#### Using Confidence Distribution Sampling To Visualize Confidence Sets, Daeyoung Kim, Bruce G. Lindsay

*Daeyoung Kim*

This paper presents a new sampling-based methodology designed to facilitate the visual analysis of the confidence sets generated by an inference function such as the likelihood. This methodology generates a sample of parameters from a confidence distribution. This distribution is designed so that its probabilities on the parameter space are equal to the asymptotic coverage probabilities of the targeted confidence sets. Plotting these samples provides a picture of the inference function surface around the point estimator optimizing the inference function. Once the sample is created, one can also picture the profile inference function confidence sets for various functions of the ...

Seasonal Variability And Dynamics Of Mesospheric Gravity Waves Over The Andes, 2010 Utah State University

#### Seasonal Variability And Dynamics Of Mesospheric Gravity Waves Over The Andes, Neal R. Criddle, M. J. Taylor, P.-D. Pautet, Y. Zhao

*Neal R Criddle*

The ALO is a new facility developed for atmospheric research, located at the foot of the Andes mountain range in Cerro Pachon, Chile (30.2°S, 70.7°W). As part of a collaborative program, Utah State has a Mesospheric Temperature Mapper (MTM) on site, which is used to study short period gravity wave dynamics and temperature variations in the mesosphere-lower thermosphere region. The MTM began taking measurements of the OH(6,2) and O2(0,1) spectral bands in August 2009 and a complete profile of seasonal variation in gravity wave characteristics has been created for August 2009 through ...

Ranking Of Provinces In Iran According To Socio-Economic Indices, 2010 Auckland University of Technology

#### Ranking Of Provinces In Iran According To Socio-Economic Indices, Jalil Khodaparast Shirazi, Reza Moosavi Mohseni, A. R. Rahmansetayesh

*Reza Moosavi Mohseni*

Some parts of a country may have lower income earned through business activities in comparison with other parts of the country. When it is accompanied by lack of social income because of less access to the products and services provided by the government, it will lead to the serious lag of some areas of the country in comparison with other areas. The first step to prevent such a problem is the recognition of the present situation and the second step is programming to reach an appropriate situation. This article applied socioeconomic indices to recognize the current condition in Fars province ...

The Homotopy Perturbation Method For Free Vibration Analysis Of Beam On Elastic Foundation, 2010 Hacettepe University

#### The Homotopy Perturbation Method For Free Vibration Analysis Of Beam On Elastic Foundation, Baki Ozturk, Safa Bozkurt Coskun

*Safa Bozkurt Coskun*

In this study, the homotopy perturbation method (HPM) is applied to free vibration analysis of beam on elastic foundation. This numerical method is applied on three different axially loaded cases, namely: 1) one end fixed, the other end simply supported; 2) both ends fixed and 3) both ends simply supported cases. Analytical solutions and frequency factors are evaluated for different ratios of axial load N acting on the beam to Euler buckling load, Nr. The application of HPM for the particular problem in this study gives results which are in excellent agreement with both analytical solutions and the variational iteration ...

Dark-Current-Free Petawatt Laser-Driven Wakefield Accelerator Based On Electron Self-Injection Into An Expanding Plasma Bubble, 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

#### Dark-Current-Free Petawatt Laser-Driven Wakefield Accelerator Based On Electron Self-Injection Into An Expanding Plasma Bubble, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Sunghwan A. Yi, Arnaud Beck, Agustin F. Lifschitz, Xavier Davoine, Erik Lefebvre, Vladimir N. Khudik, Gennady Shvets, Michael C. Downer

*Serge Youri Kalmykov*

A dark-current-free plasma accelerator driven by a short (~ 150 fs) self-guided petawatt laser pulse is proposed. The accelerator uses two plasma layers, one of which, short and dense, acts as a thin nonlinear lens. It is followed by a long rarefied plasma (~ 10^{17} electrons cm^{−3}) in which background electrons are trapped and accelerated by a nonlinear laser wakefield. The pulse overfocused by the plasma lens diffracts in low-density plasma as in vacuum and drives in its wake a rapidly expanding electron density bubble. The expanding bubble effectively traps initially quiescent electrons. The trapped charge given by quasi-cylindrical three-dimensional ...

Hamiltonian Analysis Of Electron Self-Injection And Acceleration Into An Evolving Plasma Bubble, 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

#### Hamiltonian Analysis Of Electron Self-Injection And Acceleration Into An Evolving Plasma Bubble, Sunghwan A. Yi, Vladimir N. Khudik, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Gennady Shvets

*Serge Youri Kalmykov*

Injection and acceleration of the background plasma electrons in laser wakefield accelerators (LWFA) operated in the blowout (‘bubble’) regime are analysed. Using a model of a slowly expanding spherical plasma bubble propagating with an ultra-relativistic speed, we derive a sufficient condition for the electron injection: the change in the electron’s Hamiltonian in the co-moving with the bubble reference frame must exceed its rest mass energy m_{e}c^2. We demonstrate the existence of the minimal expansion rate of the bubble needed for electron injection. We demonstrate that if the bubble’s expansion is followed by its stabilization or ...

The Sir Model When S(T) Is A Multi-Exponential Function., 2010 East Tennessee State University

#### The Sir Model When S(T) Is A Multi-Exponential Function., Teshome Mogessie Balkew

*Electronic Theses and Dissertations*

The SIR can be expressed either as a system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations or as a nonlinear Volterra integral equation. In general, neither of these can be solved in closed form. In this thesis, it is shown that if we assume *S*(*t*) is a finite multi-exponential, i.e. function of the form *S*(*t*) = *a*+ ∑^{n}_{k=1} *r _{k}e*

^{-σkt}or a logistic function which is an infinite-multi-exponential, i.e. function of the form

*S*(

*t*) =

*c*+

*a*/

*b*+

*e*, then we can have closed form solution. Also we will formulate a method ...

^{wt}A Sequel To “A Space Topologized By Functions From Omega To Omega”, 2010 Miami University - Oxford

#### A Sequel To “A Space Topologized By Functions From Omega To Omega”, Tetsuya Ishiu, Akira Iwasa

*Faculty Publications*

We consider a topological space ⟨𝑋, 𝜏 (ℱ)⟩, where 𝑋 = {𝑝 ∗} ∪ [𝜔 Å~ 𝜔] and ℱ ⊆ 𝜔𝜔. Each point in 𝜔 Å~ 𝜔 is isolated and a neighborhood of 𝑝∗ has the form {𝑝∗}∪{⟨𝑖, 𝑗⟩ : 𝑖 ≥ 𝑛, 𝑗 ≥ 𝑓(𝑖)} for some 𝑛 ∈ 𝜔 and 𝑓 ∈ ℱ. We show that there are subsets ℱ and 𝒢 of 𝜔𝜔 such that ℱ is not bounded, 𝒢 is bounded, yet ⟨𝑋, 𝜏 (ℱ)⟩ and ⟨𝑋, 𝜏 (𝒢)⟩ are homeomorphic. This answers a question of the second author posed in A space topologized by functions from 𝜔 to 𝜔, [Topology Proc. 34 ...

Quantitative Stability And Optimality Conditions In Convex Semi-Infinite And Infinite Programming, 2010 Miguel Hernández University of Elche, Alicante, Spain

#### Quantitative Stability And Optimality Conditions In Convex Semi-Infinite And Infinite Programming, M J. Cánovas, M A. Lopez, Boris S. Mordukhovich, J Parra

*Mathematics Research Reports*

This paper concerns parameterized convex infinite (or semi-infinite) inequality systems whose decision variables run over general infinite-dimensional Banach (resp. finite-dimensional) spaces and that are indexed by an arbitrary fixed set T. Parameter perturbations on the right-hand side of the inequalities are measurable and bounded, and thus the natural parameter space is loo(T). Based on advanced variational analysis, we derive a precise formula for computing the exact Lipschitzian bound of the feasible solution map, which involves only the system data, and then show that this exact bound agrees with the coderivative norm of the aforementioned mapping. On one hand, in ...

Solving A Generalized Heron Problem By Means Of Convex Analysis, 2010 Wayne State University

#### Solving A Generalized Heron Problem By Means Of Convex Analysis, Boris S. Mordukhovich, Nguyen Mau Nam, Juan Salinas Jr

*Mathematics Research Reports*

The classical Heron problem states: on a given straight line in the plane, find a point C such that the sum of the distances from C to the given points A and B is minimal. This problem can be solved using standard geometry or differential calculus. In the light of modern convex analysis, we are able to investigate more general versions of this problem. In this paper we propose and solve the following problem: on a given nonempty closed convex subset of IR!, find a point such that the sum of the distances from that point to n given nonempty ...

Holomorphic Hardy Space Representations For Convex Domains In Cn, 2010 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

#### Holomorphic Hardy Space Representations For Convex Domains In Cn, Jennifer West Paulk

*Theses and Dissertations*

This thesis deals with Hardy Spaces of holomorphic functions for a domain in several complex variables, that is, when the complex dimension is greater than or equal to two. The results we obtain are analogous to well known theorems in one complex variable. The domains we are concerned with are strongly convex with real boundary of class C^2. We obtain integral representations utilizing the Leray kernel for Hardy space (p=1) functions on such domains D. Next we define an operator to prove the non-tangential limits of a function in Hardy space (p between 1 and infinity, inclusive) of ...