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593 full-text articles. Page 5 of 25.

Extreme Climate Events And The Ecological Dynamics Of Plant-Herbivore Interactions, David C. Elzinga, Christopher A. Klausmeier, William C. Wetzel 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Extreme Climate Events And The Ecological Dynamics Of Plant-Herbivore Interactions, David C. Elzinga, Christopher A. Klausmeier, William C. Wetzel

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Vaccination Strategies And Herd Immunity Thresholds In Small World Models, Emily McClung, Sam Rivas, Emma Soriano 2018 University of Portland

Vaccination Strategies And Herd Immunity Thresholds In Small World Models, Emily Mcclung, Sam Rivas, Emma Soriano

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Intercropping In Semi-Arid India: An Analysis Of Risks And Trade Offs, Jack Pringle 2018 Illinois State University

Intercropping In Semi-Arid India: An Analysis Of Risks And Trade Offs, Jack Pringle

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Understanding Sexual Violence Against Women, Maria Martinez 2018 Illinois State University

Understanding Sexual Violence Against Women, Maria Martinez

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Selected Topics In Quantization And Renormalization Of Gauge Fields, Chenguang Zhao 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Selected Topics In Quantization And Renormalization Of Gauge Fields, Chenguang Zhao

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

My thesis covers several topics in the quantization and renormalization of gauge fields, ranging from the application of Dirac constraint procedure on the light front, to the manipulation of Faddeev-Popov method to enable use of the transverse-traceless gauge in first order gravity. Last, I study renormalization group ambiguities and carry out a new characterization method for models with one, two and five couplings.

In chapter 2 we apply the Dirac constraint procedure to the quantization of gauge theories on the light front. The light cone gauge is used in conjunction with the first class constraints that arise and the resulting ...


Parameter Sensitivity For In Vitro Anthrax Studies, Yareley Gonzalez, Maria Macias-Bedolla, Megan O. Powell 2018 University of St Francis

Parameter Sensitivity For In Vitro Anthrax Studies, Yareley Gonzalez, Maria Macias-Bedolla, Megan O. Powell

Spora: A Journal of Biomathematics

Studies done on interactions between spores and macrophages done in vitro show inconsistent results based on experimental protocol and inhibit meaningful extrapolation to in vivo. In this study, we perform a sensitivity analysis of a model representing in vitro studies of interactions between anthrax spores and macrophages to help address the effects of these inconsistencies. We perform both local and global analyses using Latin hypercube sampling and partial rank correlation coefficients. Our analysis indicates the amount of intracellular bacteria over time is most sensitive to the killing of intracellular bacteria by the macrophages and replication of the bacteria inside the ...


The Hilbert-Huang Transform: A Theoretical Framework And Applications To Leak Identification In Pressurized Space Modules, Kenneth R. Bundy 2018 University of Maine

The Hilbert-Huang Transform: A Theoretical Framework And Applications To Leak Identification In Pressurized Space Modules, Kenneth R. Bundy

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Any manned space mission must provide breathable air to its crew. For this reason, air leaks in spacecraft pose a danger to the mission and any astronauts on board. The purpose of this work is twofold: the first is to address the issue of air pressure loss from leaks in spacecraft. Air leaks present a danger to spacecraft crew, and so a method of finding air leaks when they occur is needed. Most leak detection systems localize the leak in some way. Instead, we address the identification of air leaks in a pressurized space module, we aim to determine the ...


Interpolating Between Multiplicities And F-Thresholds, William D. Taylor 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Interpolating Between Multiplicities And F-Thresholds, William D. Taylor

Theses and Dissertations

We define a family of functions, called s-multiplicity for each s>0, that interpolates between Hilbert-Samuel multiplicity and Hilbert-Kunz multiplicity by comparing powers of ideals to the Frobenius powers of ideals. The function is continuous in s, and its value is equal to Hilbert-Samuel multiplicity for small values of s and is equal to Hilbert-Kunz multiplicity for large values of s. We prove that it has an associativity formula generalizing the associativity formulas for Hilbert-Samuel and Hilbert-Kunz multiplicity. We also define a family of closures, called s-closures, such that if two ideals have the same s-closure then they have the ...


Information Theoretic Thresholding Techniques Based On Particle Swarm Optimization., Surina Surina 2018 University of Louisville

Information Theoretic Thresholding Techniques Based On Particle Swarm Optimization., Surina Surina

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, we discuss multi-level image thresholding techniques based on information theoretic entropies. In order to apply the correlation information of neighboring pixels of an image to obtain better segmentation results, we propose several multi-level thresholding models by using Gray-Level & Local-Average histogram (GLLA) and Gray-Level & Local-Variance histogram (GLLV). Firstly, a RGB color image thresholding model based on GLLA histogram and Tsallis-Havrda-Charv'at entropy is discussed. We validate the multi-level thresholding criterion function by using mathematical induction. For each component image, we assign the mean value from each thresholded class to obtain three segmented component images independently. Then we obtain ...


Clustering Mixed Data: An Extension Of The Gower Coefficient With Weighted L2 Distance, Augustine Oppong 2018 East Tennessee State University

Clustering Mixed Data: An Extension Of The Gower Coefficient With Weighted L2 Distance, Augustine Oppong

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Sorting out data into partitions is increasing becoming complex as the constituents of data is growing outward everyday. Mixed data comprises continuous, categorical, directional functional and other types of variables. Clustering mixed data is based on special dissimilarities of the variables. Some data types may influence the clustering solution. Assigning appropriate weight to the functional data may improve the performance of the clustering algorithm. In this paper we use the extension of the Gower coefficient with judciously chosen weight for the L2 to cluster mixed data.The benefits of weighting are demonstrated both in in applications to the Buoy data ...


Evaluation Of Drug-Loaded Gold Nanoparticle Cytotoxicity As A Function Of Tumor Tissue Heterogeneity., Hunter Allan Miller 2018 University of Louisville

Evaluation Of Drug-Loaded Gold Nanoparticle Cytotoxicity As A Function Of Tumor Tissue Heterogeneity., Hunter Allan Miller

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The inherent heterogeneity of tumor tissue presents a major challenge to nanoparticle-medicated drug delivery. This heterogeneity spans from the molecular to the cellular (cell types) and to the tissue (vasculature, extra-cellular matrix) scales. Here we employ computational modeling to evaluate therapeutic response as a function of vascular-induced tumor tissue heterogeneity. Using data with three-layered gold nanoparticles loaded with cisplatin, nanotherapy is simulated with different levels of tissue heterogeneity, and the treatment response is measured in terms of tumor regression. The results show that tumor vascular density non-trivially influences the nanoparticle uptake and washout, and the associated tissue response. The drug ...


Developments In Multivariate Post Quantum Cryptography., Jeremy Robert Vates 2018 University of Louisville

Developments In Multivariate Post Quantum Cryptography., Jeremy Robert Vates

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Ever since Shor's algorithm was introduced in 1994, cryptographers have been working to develop cryptosystems that can resist known quantum computer attacks. This push for quantum attack resistant schemes is known as post quantum cryptography. Specifically, my contributions to post quantum cryptography has been to the family of schemes known as Multivariate Public Key Cryptography (MPKC), which is a very attractive candidate for digital signature standardization in the post quantum collective for a wide variety of applications. In this document I will be providing all necessary background to fully understand MPKC and post quantum cryptography as a whole. Then ...


On Some Ergodic Impulse Control Problems With Constraint, J. L. Menaldi, Maurice Robin 2018 Wayne State University

On Some Ergodic Impulse Control Problems With Constraint, J. L. Menaldi, Maurice Robin

Mathematics Faculty Research Publications

This paper studies the impulse control of a general Markov process under the average (or ergodic) cost when the impulse instants are restricted to be the arrival times of an exogenous process, and this restriction is referred to as a constraint. A detailed setting is described, a characterization of the optimal cost is obtained as a solution of an HJB equation, and an optimal impulse control is identified.


Optimization Studies And Applications: In Retail Gasoline Market, Daero Kim 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Optimization Studies And Applications: In Retail Gasoline Market, Daero Kim

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The study of the retail gasoline market is of great interest in financial economics, since it allows many theories about price formation, oligopolistic markets, and consumer search to be tested. In addition, the risk management of gasoline prices is an important instance of the management of any consumable commodity cost. For the retailer, the tool of dynamic pricing may be found to be useful.

This thesis contributes to the study of retail gasoline markets in three main ways, each in its own paper. The first paper tests various economic models to confirm earlier results about pricing behavior in retail gasoline ...


Spectra Of Quantum Trees And Orthogonal Polynomials, Zhaoxia Wang 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Spectra Of Quantum Trees And Orthogonal Polynomials, Zhaoxia Wang

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

We investigate the spectrum of regular quantum-graph trees, where the edges are endowed with a Schr\"odinger operator with self-adjoint Robin vertex conditions. It is known that, for large eigenvalues, the Robin spectrum approaches the Neumann spectrum. In this research, we compute the lower Robin spectrum. The spectrum can be obtained from the roots of a sequence of orthogonal polynomials involving two variables. As the length of the quantum tree increases, the spectrum approaches a band-gap structure. We find that the lowest band tends to minus infinity as the Robin parameter increases, whereas the rest of the bands remain positive ...


Staged Hiv Transmission And Treatment In A Dynamic Model With Concurrency, Katharine Gurski, Kathleen Hoffman 2018 Howard University

Staged Hiv Transmission And Treatment In A Dynamic Model With Concurrency, Katharine Gurski, Kathleen Hoffman

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Three Essays On Structural Models, Xinghua Zhou 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Three Essays On Structural Models, Xinghua Zhou

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

My thesis includes three papers on contingent claims valuation of corporate securities using structural models of credit risk. Our study focuses on structural models and their applications in estimating damages in security class actions, option pricing and warrant pricing. Securities class actions typically involve some misrepresentation by a firm that overstates its true value. In securities class actions econometric models are used to assess damages to shareholders. However, studies on measuring damages for debt-holders are limited. My first paper uses a modified Merton framework to measure the impact of misrepresentation on the value of other components (e.g., debt, warrants ...


Herglotz Functions Of Several Quaternionic Variables, Khaled Abu-Ghanem, Daniel Alpay, Fabrizio Colombo, Izchak Lewkowicz, Irene Sabadini 2018 Achva College

Herglotz Functions Of Several Quaternionic Variables, Khaled Abu-Ghanem, Daniel Alpay, Fabrizio Colombo, Izchak Lewkowicz, Irene Sabadini

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

We first review realizations of Herglotz functions in the unit ball of CN and provide new insights. Then, we define the corresponding class and prove the extend the results in the case of several quaternionic variables.


Brightness Perception Involves Local Adaptation Opposed By Lateral Interaction, Qasim Zaidi, Romain Bachy, Jose-Manuel Alonso 2018 Graduate Center for Vision Research, State University of New York

Brightness Perception Involves Local Adaptation Opposed By Lateral Interaction, Qasim Zaidi, Romain Bachy, Jose-Manuel Alonso

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


Understanding Qualitative 3d Shape From Texture And Shading, Benjamin Kunsberg, Steven W. Zucker 2018 Brown University

Understanding Qualitative 3d Shape From Texture And Shading, Benjamin Kunsberg, Steven W. Zucker

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


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