In Operando Mechanism Analysis On Nanocrystalline Silicon Anode Material For Reversible And Ultrafast Sodium Storage, 2018 University of Wollongong
In Operando Mechanism Analysis On Nanocrystalline Silicon Anode Material For Reversible And Ultrafast Sodium Storage, Lei Zhang, Xianluo Hu, Chaoji Chen, Haipeng Guo, Xiaoxiao Liu, Gengzhao Xu, Haijian Zhong, Shuang Cheng, Peng Wu, Jiashen Meng, Yunhui Huang, Shi Xue Dou, Hua-Kun Liu
Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers
Presently, lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are the most promising commercialized electrochemical energy storage systems. Unfortunately, the limited resource of Li results in increasing cost for its scalable application and a general consciousness of the need to find new type of energy storage technologies. Very recently, substantial effort has been invested to sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) due to their effectively unlimited nature of sodium resources. Furthermore, the potential of Li/Li+ is 0.3 V lower than that of Na/Na+, which makes it more effective to limit the electrolyte degradation on the outer surface of the electrode. Nevertheless, one major obstacle ...
Iterative Matrix Factorization Method For Social Media Data Location Prediction, 2018 Harvey Mudd College
Iterative Matrix Factorization Method For Social Media Data Location Prediction, Natchanon Suaysom
HMC Senior Theses
Since some of the location of where the users posted their tweets collected by social media company have varied accuracy, and some are missing. We want to use those tweets with highest accuracy to help fill in the data of those tweets with incomplete information. To test our algorithm, we used the sets of social media data from a city, we separated them into training sets, where we know all the information, and the testing sets, where we intentionally pretend to not know the location. One prediction method that was used in (Dukler, Han and Wang, 2016) requires appending one-hot ...
Cybercrime Deterrence And International Legislation: Evidence From Distributed Denial Of Service Attacks, 2017 Singapore Management University
Cybercrime Deterrence And International Legislation: Evidence From Distributed Denial Of Service Attacks, Kai-Lung Hui, Seung Hyun Kim, Qiu-Hong Wang
Research Collection School Of Information Systems
In this paper, we estimate the impact of enforcing the Convention on Cybercrime (COC) on deterring distributed denial of service (DDOS) attacks. Our data set comprises a sample of real, random spoof-source DDOS attacks recorded in 106 countries in 177 days in the period 2004-2008. We find that enforcing the COC decreases DDOS attacks by at least 11.8 percent, but a similar deterrence effect does not exist if the enforcing countries make a reservation on international cooperation. We also find evidence of network and displacement effects in COC enforcement. Our findings imply attackers in cyberspace are rational, motivated by ...
Recursive Non-Local Means Filter For Video Denoising, 2017 University of Dayton
Recursive Non-Local Means Filter For Video Denoising, Redha A. Ali, Russell C. Hardie
Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications
In this paper, we propose a computationally efficient algorithm for video denoising that exploits temporal and spatial redundancy. The proposed method is based on non-local means (NLM). NLM methods have been applied successfully in various image denoising applications. In the single-frame NLM method, each output pixel is formed as a weighted sum of the center pixels of neighboring patches, within a given search window.
The weights are based on the patch intensity vector distances. The process requires computing vector distances for all of the patches in the search window. Direct extension of this method from 2D to 3D, for video ...
A Weighted Möbius Function, 2017 Portland State University
A Weighted Möbius Function, Derek Garton
Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Publications and Presentations
Fix an odd prime ℓ and let G be the poset of isomorphism classes of finite abelian ℓ-groups, ordered by inclusion. If ξ:G→R≥0 is a discrete probability distribution on G and A ∈ G, define the Ath moment of ξ to be . The question of determining conditions that ensure ξ is completely determined by its moments has been of recent interest in many problems of Cohen–Lenstra type. Furthermore, recovering ξ from its moments requires a new Möbius-type inversion formula on G. In this paper, we define this function, relate it to the classical Möbius function ...
Investigation Into The Formation Of Information Security Influence: Network Analysis Of An Emerging Organisation, Duy Dang-Pham, Siddhi Pittayachawan, Vince Bruno
Rethinking Urban Green Infrastructure As A Means To Promote Avian Conservation, 2017 The University of San Francisco
Rethinking Urban Green Infrastructure As A Means To Promote Avian Conservation, Allen Lau
Master's Projects and Capstones
There is an under-recognized potential for cities to use urban green infrastructure to contribute to avian biodiversity conservation. At the global scale, climate change and growing urbanization are primary global drivers leading to decline and homogenization in world bird populations. Birds are fundamental and intricate species in ecosystems, and even in urban areas, act as indicator and regulator species contributing to healthy ecosystem function. While many cities have recognized the economic and social benefits associated with green spaces, such as the vast benefits ecosystem services provide to the urban dweller, the use of green spaces to concurrently contribute to avian ...
Vertex Weighted Spectral Clustering, 2017 East Tennessee State University
Vertex Weighted Spectral Clustering, Mohammad Masum
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Spectral clustering is often used to partition a data set into a specified number of clusters. Both the unweighted and the vertex-weighted approaches use eigenvectors of the Laplacian matrix of a graph. Our focus is on using vertex-weighted methods to refine clustering of observations. An eigenvector corresponding with the second smallest eigenvalue of the Laplacian matrix of a graph is called a Fiedler vector. Coefficients of a Fiedler vector are used to partition vertices of a given graph into two clusters. A vertex of a graph is classified as unassociated if the Fiedler coefficient of the vertex is close to ...
Synthesis And Catalytic Evaluation Of Novel C-Alpha-Methyl-Beta-Proline Analogues, And Concise Synthetic Approach To Nh-Fmoc-S-Trityl-C-Alpha-Methyl Cysteine, 2017 University of Southern Mississippi
Synthesis And Catalytic Evaluation Of Novel C-Alpha-Methyl-Beta-Proline Analogues, And Concise Synthetic Approach To Nh-Fmoc-S-Trityl-C-Alpha-Methyl Cysteine, Hari Kiran Kotapati
In the field of chemistry there is a growing demand for small molecule organocatalysts such as amino acids, more specifically proline and its analogues, which could catalyze various key chemical reactions in the synthesis of several biologically important molecules. Even though natural proline is reported to catalyze various chemical reactions, its use as organocatalyst is limited mainly due to the solubility issues in the reaction media and high catalyst loadings, which is not very ideal for bulk scale manufacturing. To address these limitations we planned to develop unnatural analogues of proline that could catalyze the reactions with lower catalyst loadings ...
Primes, Divisibility, And Factoring, 2017 Central Washington University
Primes, Divisibility, And Factoring, Dominic Klyve
No abstract provided.
Babylonian Numeration, 2017 Central Washington University
Babylonian Numeration, Dominic Klyve
No abstract provided.
Gaussian Integers And Dedekind's Creation Of An Ideal: A Number Theory Project, 2017 Colorado State University-Pueblo
Gaussian Integers And Dedekind's Creation Of An Ideal: A Number Theory Project, Janet Heine Barnett
No abstract provided.
Rigorous Debates Over Debatable Rigor: Monster Functions In Introductory Analysis, 2017 Colorado State University-Pueblo
Rigorous Debates Over Debatable Rigor: Monster Functions In Introductory Analysis, Janet Heine Barnett
No abstract provided.
The Definite Integrals Of Cauchy And Riemann, 2017 Ursinus College
The Definite Integrals Of Cauchy And Riemann, Dave Ruch
Rigorous attempts to define the definite integral began in earnest in the early 1800's. One of the pioneers in this development was A. L. Cauchy (1789-1857). In this project, students will read from his 1823 study of the definite integral for continuous functions . Then students will read from Bernard Riemann's 1854 paper, in which he developed a more general concept of the definite integral that could be applied to functions with infinite discontinuities.
Estimating Accuracy Of Personal Identifiable Information In Integrated Data Systems, 2017 Utah State University
Estimating Accuracy Of Personal Identifiable Information In Integrated Data Systems, Amani "Mohammad Jum'h" Amin Shatnawi
All Graduate Theses and Dissertations
Without a valid assessment of accuracy there is a risk of data users coming to incorrect conclusions or making bad decision based on inaccurate data. This dissertation proposes a theoretical method for developing data-accuracy metrics specific for any given person-centric integrated system and how a data analyst can use these metrics to estimate the overall accuracy of person-centric data.
Estimating the accuracy of Personal Identifiable Information (PII) creates a corresponding need to model and formalize PII for both the real-world and electronic data, in a way that supports rigorous reasoning relative to real-world facts, expert opinions, and aggregate knowledge. This ...
Factor Based Statistical Arbitrage In The U.S. Equity Market With A Model Breakdown Detection Process, 2017 Marquette University
Factor Based Statistical Arbitrage In The U.S. Equity Market With A Model Breakdown Detection Process, Seoungbyung Park
Master's Theses (2009 -)
Many researchers have studied different strategies of statistical arbitrage to provide a steady stream of returns that are unrelated to the market condition. Among different strategies, factor-based mean reverting strategies have been popular and covered by many. This thesis aims to add value by evaluating the generalized pairs trading strategy and suggest enhancements to improve out-of-sample performance. The enhanced strategy generated the daily Sharpe ratio of 6.07% in the out-of-sample period from January 2013 through October 2016 with the correlation of -.03 versus S&P 500. During the same period, S&P 500 generated the Sharpe ratio of 6 ...
Mixed Quantum/Classical Theory (Mqct) For Rotationally And Vibrationally Inelastic Scattering And Its Application To The Molecules Of Astrochemical Importance, Alexander Semenov
Dissertations (2009 -)
This thesis presents developments and applications of the mixed quantum/classical theory (MQCT) for inelastic scattering. In this approach, translational motion of collision partners is treated classically, while the internal degrees of freedom – rotational and/or vibrational motion – are treated quantum mechanically. Within this framework calculations of rotationally inelastic cross sections are carried out in a broad range of collision energies and results are compared against the exact full quantum data for several real systems. For CO +He, N2 + Na and H2 + He the agreement is excellent through six orders of magnitude range of cross sections values and for energies ...
Applications Of Social Network Analysis In Behavioural Information Security Research: Concepts And Empirical Analysis, Duy Dang-Pham, Siddhi Pittayachawan, Vince Bruno
Slope, Grain Size, And Roughness Controls On Dry Sediment Transport And Storage On Steep Hillslopes, 2017 Pennsylvania State University
Slope, Grain Size, And Roughness Controls On Dry Sediment Transport And Storage On Steep Hillslopes, Roman A. Dibiase, Michael P. Lamb, Vamsi Ganti, Adam M. Booth
Adam M. Booth
Existing hillslope sediment transport models developed for low-relief, soil-mantled landscapes are poorly suited to explain the coupling between steep rocky hillslopes and headwater channels. Here we address this knowledge gap using a series of field and numerical experiments to inform a particle-based model of sediment transport by dry ravel—a mechanism of granular transport characteristic of steep hillslopes. We find that particle travel distance increases as a function of the ratio of particle diameter to fine-scale (1m) topographic variability associated with rocky landscapes. Applying a 2-D dry-ravel-routing model to lidar-derived surface topography, we show how spatial patterns of local and ...
Localization And Delocalization Of Deformation In A Bimineralic Material, 2017 University of Texas at Austin
Localization And Delocalization Of Deformation In A Bimineralic Material, Suzon Jammes, Luc L. Lavier, Jacqueline E. Reber
We investigate how localization and delocalization of deformation occurs in a bimineralic material composed of a strong plagioclase and a weaker quartz phase. We perform numerical, meter-scale shear experiments in which we vary the temperature and the ratio of the two mineral phases. Three micromechanical deformation fields are identified according to the mechanical behavior of the minerals at play (brittle or ductile when both phases are in the brittle or ductile regime, respectively, and semibrittle when one phase is in the brittle and the other in the ductile regime). Besides these micromechanical deformation fields, we identify three deformation types characterizing ...