Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Sports Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

4,269 Full-Text Articles 7,823 Authors 1,443,334 Downloads 190 Institutions

All Articles in Sports Sciences

Faceted Search

4,269 full-text articles. Page 1 of 173.

The Effects Of Increasing Running Speed On Vgrf And Asymmetry, Kaela M. Hierholzer 2020 East Tennessee State University

The Effects Of Increasing Running Speed On Vgrf And Asymmetry, Kaela M. Hierholzer

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Biomechanical and physiological parameters related to running performance are usually studied separately. However, evaluating both aspects together could be beneficial in improving athletic performance. The purpose of this study was to observe the change in peak vGRF and asymmetry as speed increases, while observing physiological responses during a O2maxtest. Data from athlete monitoring of 12 cross-country and triathlon athletes were analyzed. The athlete monitoring protocol included three unweighted countermovement jumps and a O2maxtest performed by the athletes. The athletes had an average O2maxof 53.4 ± 7.7 mL/kg/min, while their average vGRF ...


Vascular Deficits In Native American Women With Metabolic Syndrome During Dynamic Exercise, Jerene Yazzie, Giselle Quiver, Abraham Gomez, Sydnee Yazzie, Ariel Gomez, Klaudia Szych, Matthew A. Barlow PhD 2020 Eastern New Mexico University

Vascular Deficits In Native American Women With Metabolic Syndrome During Dynamic Exercise, Jerene Yazzie, Giselle Quiver, Abraham Gomez, Sydnee Yazzie, Ariel Gomez, Klaudia Szych, Matthew A. Barlow Phd

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Native Americans of the Southwest are predisposed to vascular diseases due to health disparate lifestyles influenced by diet, lack of exercise and decreased access to health care. These factors together may be responsible for the co-morbidities developed with Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome (MetSyn) which are indicators of early onset cardiovascular disease. In a previous study, we evaluated Native Americans (NA) diagnosed with MetSyn or Type II Diabetes and compared the sedentary control NA and Caucasians (CA) during vascular measurements of FMD. We found that NA Control and MetSyn groups exhibited a decrease in vascular function during rate to peak and ...


Improvements In Markers Of Fragility After 8-Weeks Of Resistance Training With Instability And/Or Cadence Walking In Persons With Mild To Moderate Parkinson’S Disease, Amanda Jones, Erin Smith, Annie Bane, Lorraine Wilson, Lindsay Edwards, Jill Jumper, Susan Teel, Donna Walls, Martha Smallwood 2020 Abilene Christian University

Improvements In Markers Of Fragility After 8-Weeks Of Resistance Training With Instability And/Or Cadence Walking In Persons With Mild To Moderate Parkinson’S Disease, Amanda Jones, Erin Smith, Annie Bane, Lorraine Wilson, Lindsay Edwards, Jill Jumper, Susan Teel, Donna Walls, Martha Smallwood

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

In persons with Parkinson’s disease (PD), resistance training with instability (RTI) and cadence walking (CW) are effective in improving markers of fragility and motor function. The benefit of combining RTI and CW to markers of fragility and motor function in individuals with PD has not been studied. PURPOSE: to examine the effects of RTI, CW and RTI+CW on markers of fragility (6-minute walk (6MW), timed-up-and-go (TUG), walking speed, stride-to-stride variability and handgrip strength) in individuals with PD. METHODS: individuals diagnosed with mild to moderate PD (N=18 ( 6 female, 12 males); MHY stage=1.53 + 0.50; age ...


No Relationship Between Time Spent In Physical Activity And Leg Strength For Older Adults Who Do Or Do Not Meet Acsm Physical Activity Recommendations, Isha Qureshi, Victoria Warren, Rachel M. Graff, Melissa Markofski 2020 University of Houston

No Relationship Between Time Spent In Physical Activity And Leg Strength For Older Adults Who Do Or Do Not Meet Acsm Physical Activity Recommendations, Isha Qureshi, Victoria Warren, Rachel M. Graff, Melissa Markofski

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

In older adults, skeletal muscle fitness and low quantities of exercise are negatively associated with mortality and functional limitations. The PURPOSE of this study was to determine the relationship between time spent in light or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and leg strength in older adults who do or do not meet ACSM physical activity recommendations. METHODS: Twelve physically active (PA; 62.1±5.0 yrs) and 12 physically inactive (PI; 63.9±5.1 yrs) older adults participated in this study. Accelerometry was used to measure average daily minutes spent in light and moderate-to-vigorous (MVPA) activity. 8-repetition maximum (8RM) on leg ...


Effects Of Foam Rolling And Static Stretching On Flexibility And Performance Longevity, Jazmin Howard 2020 Southwestern University

Effects Of Foam Rolling And Static Stretching On Flexibility And Performance Longevity, Jazmin Howard

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Developing flexibility by improving both active and passive range of motion is crucial in many sporting activities. Flexibility aids in performance but it is unsure how long peak performance lasts. PURPOSE: To examine and compare how long the effects of foam rolling and static stretching last by measuring vertical jump performance and hip range of motion at different time increments. METHODS: Fourteen undergraduate division III athletes participated (20.0 ± 1.25 years) in a cross over design. Subjects were foam rolled and static stretched and then had their hip range of motion and vertical jump height measured. Measurements occurred at ...


Effects Of Extra Virgin Olive Oil Phytochemicals Supplementation And Aerobic Exercise Training On Inflammatory And Hormonal Markers In Rats Fed Atherogenic Diet, Maria V. Aguirre, Sarah L. Ullevig, Li Li Ji, Tianou Zhang 2020 University of Texas at San Antonio

Effects Of Extra Virgin Olive Oil Phytochemicals Supplementation And Aerobic Exercise Training On Inflammatory And Hormonal Markers In Rats Fed Atherogenic Diet, Maria V. Aguirre, Sarah L. Ullevig, Li Li Ji, Tianou Zhang

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Westernized diet and sedentary lifestyle may exacerbate systemic inflammation and provoke hormonal changes. Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) derived phytochemicals Oleocanthal (Oleo) and Oleacein (Olea) demonstrate anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effects of Oleo/Olea supplementation and aerobic exercise training (AET) on plasma inflammatory cytokines and hormones in rats fed high fat atherogenic diet. METHODS: Forty-eight female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed an atherogenic diet consisting of 1.25% cholesterol and 0.5% cholic acid for 12 weeks. Half of the rats were supplemented with 20% EVOO containing high Oleo/Olea (1000 ...


Positive Relationship Between Vo2max And Leg Strength In Healthy Older Adults Who Regularly Exercise, But Not In Those Who Do Not Exercise, Hillary Matthews, Victoria Warren, Rachel M. Graff, Melissa Markofski 2020 University of Houston

Positive Relationship Between Vo2max And Leg Strength In Healthy Older Adults Who Regularly Exercise, But Not In Those Who Do Not Exercise, Hillary Matthews, Victoria Warren, Rachel M. Graff, Melissa Markofski

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Individuals that are physically active have greater cardiorespiratory fitness and skeletal muscle strength than those that are physically inactive. Although VO2maxis commonly used to estimate cardiorespiratory fitness, in older adults, leg strength may also influence VO2max. The PURPOSE of this study is to examine the relationship between VO2max and leg strength in physically active vs. physically inactive older adults. METHODS: Twenty-four older adults (12 physically active (PA; 62.1±5.0 yrs), 12 physically inactive (PI; 63.9±5.1 yrs)) performed a two-stage treadmill test to estimate VO2max. Leg strength was ...


Impacts Of Menstrual Cycle Phase On Measures Of Body Composition, Kristina M. Woodford, Abigail R. Champion, Lauren E. Coleman, Heather Webb 2020 Texas A&M University - Corpus Christi

Impacts Of Menstrual Cycle Phase On Measures Of Body Composition, Kristina M. Woodford, Abigail R. Champion, Lauren E. Coleman, Heather Webb

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Fluctuations in body weight and water retention are common complaints made by many women as a result of hormonal changes that accompany menstrual cycle (MC). Specific research regarding how the different phases of the menstrual cycle may impact body composition measures have been limited, and typically are examined as a subset of other variables. As lean body tissue is approximately 73% water, fluctuations in body water due to changes in a women’s MC may influence measurements of body composition. PURPOSE: To investigate whether phases of the MC have an impact on common measures of body composition. METHODS: A total ...


Detection Of P2x3 In Drg Using An Automated Approach To Immunoblotting, Jess, Junghoon Lee, Audrey J. Stone, Michelle L. Harrison 2020 University of Texas at Austin

Detection Of P2x3 In Drg Using An Automated Approach To Immunoblotting, Jess, Junghoon Lee, Audrey J. Stone, Michelle L. Harrison

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Exaggerated cardiovascular (CV) responses to exercise can lead to adverse CV events. Previous studies have reported that P2X3 receptors, found on the peripheral endings of afferents, contribute to an exaggerated exercise pressor reflex in individuals with CV-related diseases. One way to investigate the role played by these receptors in CV pathophysiology is through immunoblotting. The Jess (Protein Simple) provides an automated option for the protein separation and immunoblotting of the traditional Western Blot and allows for total protein staining, an improvement over the use of loading controls to normalize for sample loading variability. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study ...


The Role Of University-Required Fitness Courses In Students' Health And Exercise Practices, Haley Turner, Kara Jones, Katelyn Cole, Yunsuk Koh, Heather Hudson 2020 Baylor University

The Role Of University-Required Fitness Courses In Students' Health And Exercise Practices, Haley Turner, Kara Jones, Katelyn Cole, Yunsuk Koh, Heather Hudson

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Lifetime fitness (LF) classes include exercise, sport, and recreational activity courses. The main purposes of LF classes are to give health education that elicits mental, social, and physical preparation for a lifelong experience of fitness. However, previous research has not extensively investigated the role of LF classes on students’ motivations to exercise during and after completing the course. PURPOSE: To determine whether or not taking an LF class contributes to a student’s motivation to exercise, to determine a motivation for signing up for an LF course, to determine why they chose that specific class, and to determine the degree ...


Pilot Study: Validity Of The Sway Application With Multiple Mobile Devices, Keandra Gray, Brittany Thompson, Jennifer Lancaster 2020 Tarleton State University

Pilot Study: Validity Of The Sway Application With Multiple Mobile Devices, Keandra Gray, Brittany Thompson, Jennifer Lancaster

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

The Sway Application is used to test for concussions inactive populations. Many studies have been conducted using the application testing validity and reliability, but most have used an iPhone or another Apple product. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to analyze the validity of multiple mobile devices using the Sway Medical Application compared to the Biodex Balance System. This study is aimed to test if this application balance component is inclusive to four mobile devices, such as the iPad, iPhone, Android phone, Android Tablet. METHODS: 10 healthy college-age students (4 males, 6 females) from a rural public university volunteered ...


Jones Fracture, Blake Hyles, Chuck Ruot, Lindsay Edwards 2020 Hardin-Simmons, Abilene

Jones Fracture, Blake Hyles, Chuck Ruot, Lindsay Edwards

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND EXAM: The Jones Fracture is mostly seen as a stress fracture caused by continuous trauma or impact to the lateral portion of the foot. The fracture can also be caused by an acute forceful trauma to the same area. The Jones Fracture is most commonly seen in athletes or chronic runners. Typically, athletes and runners experience the fracture in the non-dominant leg. ANATOMY AND PATHOLOGY: The Jones fracture is a fracture in the fifth metatarsal occurring at the metaphyseal-diaphyseal junction. The lateral portion of the foot is affected. Pain, swelling, discoloration, and difficulty in regular gait are ...


The Effects Of Acute Resistance Exercise On Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry Measure Of Body Composition, John W. Barker, Timothy Berreth, Robert Fox, Megan Maldonado, Chase Vancleave, Rachel Wong, Javier Zaragoza, Matthias Tinnin, Grant M. Tinsley, Lemuel W. Taylor IV, Kindyle Brennan 2020 University of Mary Hardin-Baylor

The Effects Of Acute Resistance Exercise On Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry Measure Of Body Composition, John W. Barker, Timothy Berreth, Robert Fox, Megan Maldonado, Chase Vancleave, Rachel Wong, Javier Zaragoza, Matthias Tinnin, Grant M. Tinsley, Lemuel W. Taylor Iv, Kindyle Brennan

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA) is a reference laboratory method for estimating body composition but there are questions concerning the pre-testing guidelines that should be followed to increase validity and reliability of this methodology. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine if acute, localized resistance exercise disrupts the validity of DXA total body composition estimates. METHODS: In a crossover design, 18 healthy, resistance-trained, college-aged adults, including 7 females (age: 22.7 ± 1.9 y; height: 165.4 ± 8.4 cm; body mass: 62.1 ± 10.9 kg; body fat: 25.9 ± 7.3%) and 11 males (age: 24 ...


Promotoras’ Current Lifestyle Behavior And The Influence On Body Composition And Physical Function, Dana Day, Sonio David Garcia, Alexis Ortiz, Aliyah Medina, Andrea Guerrero, Corina Zamora, Deborah Parra-Medina, Daniel Hughes 2020 University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Promotoras’ Current Lifestyle Behavior And The Influence On Body Composition And Physical Function, Dana Day, Sonio David Garcia, Alexis Ortiz, Aliyah Medina, Andrea Guerrero, Corina Zamora, Deborah Parra-Medina, Daniel Hughes

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

PURPOSE: A significant public health problem is the increased quantity of time spent sedentary. Although promotoras, Spanish for community health workers, are being utilized to promote health behaviors along the South Texas-Mexico Rio Grande Valley (RGV) border region, Latinas are among the most physically inactive and obese segment of the US population. The purpose of this study was to identify the current lifestyle behaviors impact on body composition and physical functioning. METHODS: We conducted an analysis of the recorded body position (sitting, standing and recumbent) from an accelerometer versus the percentage of body fat and the estimated cardiorespiratory function recorded ...


The Effects Of Acute Resistance Exercise On Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis Measures Of Body Composition, Rachel Wong, John Barker, Timothy Berreth, Robert Fox, Megan Maldonado, Chase Vancleave, Javier Zaragoza, Matthias Tinnin, Grant M. Tinsley, Lemuel W. Taylor IV, Kindyle Brennan 2020 University of Mary Hardin-Baylor

The Effects Of Acute Resistance Exercise On Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis Measures Of Body Composition, Rachel Wong, John Barker, Timothy Berreth, Robert Fox, Megan Maldonado, Chase Vancleave, Javier Zaragoza, Matthias Tinnin, Grant M. Tinsley, Lemuel W. Taylor Iv, Kindyle Brennan

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) is a popular method of body composition assessment; however, validity of BIA is thought to be highly dependent on adhering to pre-test criteria, including the abstinence from exercise prior to testing. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine if acute, localized resistance exercise (RE) compromises the validity of BIA total body composition estimates. METHODS: In a crossover design, 16 healthy, resistance trained adults, including 7 females (age: 22.7 ± 1.9 y; height: 165.4 ± 8.4 cm; body mass: 62.1 ± 10.9 kg; body fat: 25.9 ± 7.3%) and 9 males ...


The Effect Of Acute And Chronic Thermotherapy On Type 2 Diabetic Skeletal Muscle Cell Viability And Gene Expression: Pilot Study, Louay Bachnak, Jean Sparks, Xavier F. Gonzales, Daniel Newmire, Felix Omoruyi 2020 Texas A&M University - Corpus Christi

The Effect Of Acute And Chronic Thermotherapy On Type 2 Diabetic Skeletal Muscle Cell Viability And Gene Expression: Pilot Study, Louay Bachnak, Jean Sparks, Xavier F. Gonzales, Daniel Newmire, Felix Omoruyi

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease affecting millions of people globally. Type 2 diabetes is associated with insulin resistance or a defective secretion of insulin from the pancreas. The skeletal muscle system accounts for 80% of glucose uptake and is a vital player in healthy aging and muscle mass maintenance. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of thermotherapy on gene expression and cell viability in Type 2 Diabetic skeletal muscle. METHODS: Human skeletal muscle myoblast (HSMM) and Diabetic Type 2 human skeletal muscle myoblast (D-HSMM) (Lonza Inc, Walkersville, MD) were cultured until 90% confluency was ...


The Athletic Trainer’S Perspective On Athletics’ Drug Policy And Program At The Junior And Community College Level, Kayla Ewing, Steve Simpson, Andrea Green 2020 Tarleton State University

The Athletic Trainer’S Perspective On Athletics’ Drug Policy And Program At The Junior And Community College Level, Kayla Ewing, Steve Simpson, Andrea Green

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

The National Junior College Athletic Association (NJCAA) has only a position statement in regards to drug testing policy and procedure when compared to the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) detailed drug testing program handbook.The NJCAA position statement brings about speculation of how drug testing is monitored and enforced on this level, and if there is a drug education program being implemented by every institution. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to look at the quality of drug policy and intervention programs through the athletic trainer at different institutions within the NJCAA. This considers whether perception of policy and ...


The Effects Of Language Barriers On Physical Activity Of “Promotora” Community Health Care Workers In The South Texas-Mexico Border Region, Aliyah Medina, Sonio David Garcia, Alexis Ortiz, Dana Day, Andrea Guerrero, Corina Zamora, Deborah Parra-Medina, Daniel Hughes 2020 The University of The Rio Grande Valley

The Effects Of Language Barriers On Physical Activity Of “Promotora” Community Health Care Workers In The South Texas-Mexico Border Region, Aliyah Medina, Sonio David Garcia, Alexis Ortiz, Dana Day, Andrea Guerrero, Corina Zamora, Deborah Parra-Medina, Daniel Hughes

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

PURPOSE: The Rio Grande Valley (RGV) is not only characterized by elevated school drop-out rates, poverty and unemployment, but also physical inactivity, obesity as well as language barriers. The purpose of this study was to assess the agreement between commonly used self-reported methods compared with objectively measured physical activity amongst community health worker; promotoras. METHODS: Our cross-sectional study, 17 promotoras (adult Latinas) capable of engaging in moderate-vigorous PA. We conducted anthropometric assessments (body mass index (BMI), body fatness (%)), assessed PA (accelerometry, and Jurca non-exercise test), and measured self-reported PA behaviors. RESULTS: Promotoras BMI were similar to other Latina women in ...


Influence Of Fitness On Stress Reactivity As Measured With The Trier Social Stress Test, Andrea Guerrero, Sonio David Garcia, Alexis Ortiz, Dana Day, Rebekah Ortiz, Aliyah Medina, Angelika Lapetoda, Stacy Cantu, Deborah Parra-Medina, Daniel Hughes 2020 University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Influence Of Fitness On Stress Reactivity As Measured With The Trier Social Stress Test, Andrea Guerrero, Sonio David Garcia, Alexis Ortiz, Dana Day, Rebekah Ortiz, Aliyah Medina, Angelika Lapetoda, Stacy Cantu, Deborah Parra-Medina, Daniel Hughes

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

PURPOSE: Psychosocial stress is associated with multiple health complaints which a higher cardiorespiratory fitness may reduce stress reactivity. A higher level of fitness may assist in the reduction of stress-related risk factors. Limited studies have investigated the health and cortisol response of promotoras’ (Latina community health educators) physical activity (PA) behaviors along the South Texas Mexico Border Region. The aim of this study was to assess the associations of promotoras’ fitness on stress reactivity in promotoras. METHODS: 17 promotoras’ anthropometric measures (body mass index (BMI)), were assessed before performing Trier Social Stress Test (TSST). Salivary cortisol was collected before, 10-minutes ...


Physical Fitness And Energy Balance Activity Of “Promotora” Community Health Care Workers In The South Texas-Mexico Border Region, Sonio David Garcia, Alexis Ortiz, Augusto Rodriguez, Aliyah Medina, Angelika Lapetoda, Dana Day, Rebekah Ortiz, Andrea Guerrero, Stacy Cantu, Deborah Parra-Medina, Daniel Hughes 2020 University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Physical Fitness And Energy Balance Activity Of “Promotora” Community Health Care Workers In The South Texas-Mexico Border Region, Sonio David Garcia, Alexis Ortiz, Augusto Rodriguez, Aliyah Medina, Angelika Lapetoda, Dana Day, Rebekah Ortiz, Andrea Guerrero, Stacy Cantu, Deborah Parra-Medina, Daniel Hughes

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

PURPOSE: Latinas along the U.S.-Mexico border are among the most physically inactive and obese segment of the U.S. population. There is widespread recognition of the cultural appropriateness of promotoras (community health workers) in health education among Latino communities. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study with 17 promotoras who reside/work in the region to investigate their physical fitness and energy balance behaviors. Promotoras completed physical testing and self-report on physical activity and dietary behaviors. Participants wore an accelerometer for one week. In addition, the validity of an activity self-report instrument to assess cardiorespiratory fitness was tested. RESULTS ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress