Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Physical Therapy Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,931 Full-Text Articles 5,189 Authors 951,847 Downloads 130 Institutions

All Articles in Physical Therapy

Faceted Search

2,931 full-text articles. Page 99 of 101.

Relationships Among Person And Environment Variables And Turnover Intention In Adults With Multiple Sclerosis, Wanda Shull 2010 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Relationships Among Person And Environment Variables And Turnover Intention In Adults With Multiple Sclerosis, Wanda Shull

Theses and Dissertations

The organization and management literature presents a large base of research on the concept of turnover intention, i.e. the point at which a person decides to leave employment. What is known is that turnover intention is the precursor to employee turnover, yet very little research exists in the rehabilitation field to address this concept in terms of persons with chronic illness and disability. This study examines this variable in the population of adults with multiple sclerosis (MS). Employing multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) to analyze three blocks of variables and their impact on turnover intention, the results show that ...


Controlling Balance Decline Across The Menopause Using A Balance-Strategy Training Program: A Randomized, Controlled Trial, S. Fu, Nancy Low Choy, Jennifer Nitz 2010 Bond University

Controlling Balance Decline Across The Menopause Using A Balance-Strategy Training Program: A Randomized, Controlled Trial, S. Fu, Nancy Low Choy, Jennifer Nitz

Nancy Low Choy

Objective: To evaluate effectiveness and long-term benefits of a specific balance-strategy training program in sedentary women aged 40-60 years and whether participation leads to adoption of a more active lifestyle. Method: Fifty healthy women were admitted to the randomized, controlled trial on the basis of their activity level. Subjects were randomly assigned to an intervention or control group, with the former attending twice-weekly for 12 weeks. Assessments made pre- and post-intervention and at 9 months follow-up included: personal demographics, hormone replacement therapy medication, activity level, balance measures, somatosensory function, ankle flexibility and leg muscle strength. Results: The intervention group showed ...


Quality Of Life And Functional Capacity Following Peripheral Arterial Disease Exercise Programme, Marie Guidon, Hannah McGee, Cathal Kelly 2010 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Quality Of Life And Functional Capacity Following Peripheral Arterial Disease Exercise Programme, Marie Guidon, Hannah Mcgee, Cathal Kelly

School of Physiotherapy Conference Proceedings and Posters

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a manifestation of generalised atherosclerotic disease in which the arterial lumen becomes progressively narrowed by atherosclerotic plaques. This results in reduced blood flow to the tissues causing pain on exercise, relieved by rest (Intermittent Claudication [IC]). As PAD is a chronic, progressive disease with a significant cardiovascular and cerebrovascular risk burden it has a considerable impact on functional capacity and quality of life (QOL). Current evidence suggests that 27 million people in Europe and North America have PAD1. The main aim of treatment is maintenance or improvement in quality of life by eliminating ischaemic symptoms ...


Can Student Reflection Predict Academic Success And Clinical Performance In A Physical Therapist Education Program?, Jeanne L. Cook 2010 University of Nebraska at Lincoln

Can Student Reflection Predict Academic Success And Clinical Performance In A Physical Therapist Education Program?, Jeanne L. Cook

Educational Administration: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine if a predictive relationship existed between student reflection and student academic and clinical success as determined by student performance on the National Physical Therapy Examination (NPTE) and the Clinical Performance Instrument (CPI). Secondary questions included whether higher and lower reflection scores would correspond with higher and lower NPTE and CPI scores respectively, and whether students’ reflection scores would increase between the first and fourth clinical internships. Journal entries were submitted by students from a physical therapist education program at a large North Central Region university over the course of two clinical ...


Estrogen Regulates Estrogen Receptors And Antioxidant Gene Expression In Mouse Skeletal Muscle, Kristen A. Baltgalvis, Sarah M. Greising, Gordon L. Warren, Dawn A. Lowe 2010 Georgia State University

Estrogen Regulates Estrogen Receptors And Antioxidant Gene Expression In Mouse Skeletal Muscle, Kristen A. Baltgalvis, Sarah M. Greising, Gordon L. Warren, Dawn A. Lowe

Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

Background: Estrogens are associated with the loss of skeletal muscle strength in women with age. Ovarian hormone removal by ovariectomy in mice leads to a loss of muscle strength, which is reversed with 17β-estradiol replacement. Aging is also associated with an increase in antioxidant stress, and estrogens can improve antioxidant status via their interaction with estrogen receptors (ER) to regulate antioxidant gene expression. The purpose of this study was to determine if ER and antioxidant gene expression in skeletal muscle are responsive to changes in circulating estradiol, and if ERs regulate antioxidant gene expression in this tissue.

Methodology/Principal Findings ...


Reliability Of Surface Electromyography During Maximal Voluntary Isometric Contractions, Jump Landings, And Cutting, McKenzie Fauth, Erich Petushek, Christina Feldmann, Brittni Hsu, Luke Garceau, Brittney Lutsch, William Ebben 2010 Marquette University

Reliability Of Surface Electromyography During Maximal Voluntary Isometric Contractions, Jump Landings, And Cutting, Mckenzie Fauth, Erich Petushek, Christina Feldmann, Brittni Hsu, Luke Garceau, Brittney Lutsch, William Ebben

Exercise Science Faculty Research and Publications

The reliability of electromyographic (EMG) data has been examined for isometric and slow dynamic tasks, but little is known about the repeatability of this data for ballistic movements. The purpose of this study was to examine the within-session, trial-to-trial reliability of a variety of quadriceps and hamstrings muscles during isometric and ballistic activities. Data were analyzed by way of intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC), intersubject coefficients of variation (CVinter), and intrasubject coefficients of variation (CVintra). Twenty-four subjects performed 3 repetitions each of 2 randomly ordered test exercises, including landing from a depth jump (J) and cutting after a 10-m ...


Predictors Of Retention In Physical Therapy: Client-, Disease-, And Treatment-Related Factors, Marc A. Silva 2010 Marquette University

Predictors Of Retention In Physical Therapy: Client-, Disease-, And Treatment-Related Factors, Marc A. Silva

Counselor Education and Counseling Psychology Research Exchange Conference

OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study are to (1) document the incidence of veterans who prematurely terminate physical therapy before medically indicated, and (2) identify reliable predictors of treatment retention and attrition. The potential benefit of this study is the identification of reliable variables that predict who is at risk for terminating physical therapy prematurely, which may lead to targeted interventions designed to increase treatment retention. RESEARCH DESIGN: This study will be a retrospective design involving a review of medical records of veterans receiving referral to physical therapy. METHODOLOGY: Multinomial logistic regression (MLR) will be used to examine the effects ...


Understanding Autonomous Practice, Tamara Gravano, Greg Hartley, Heather Mattingly, Joseph Libera, Sabrina Camilo, Jason Hardage 2010 Marshall University

Understanding Autonomous Practice, Tamara Gravano, Greg Hartley, Heather Mattingly, Joseph Libera, Sabrina Camilo, Jason Hardage

Physical Therapy Faculty Research

What is autonomous practice? As one of the elements of Vision 2020, au­tonomous practice is one whose mean­ing may not always be readily under­stood. The confusion can stem from the meaning of autonomy, which is sometimes misinterpreted to mean that the physical therapist (PT) practices in a vacuum, without coordinating and com­municating with other health care pro­viders. Nothing could be further from the truth. In fact, many PTs might be surprised to learn that they already prac­tice autonomously.


Pressure Distribution Over The Palm During Falls On The Outstretched Hands, Woochol J. Choi, Stephen N. Robinovitch 2010 Chapman University

Pressure Distribution Over The Palm During Falls On The Outstretched Hands, Woochol J. Choi, Stephen N. Robinovitch

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

"Over 90% of wrist fractures are caused by falls on the outstretched hands (Palvanen et al., Osteoporos Int, 2000). Along with bone strength, fracture risk depends on the magnitude and distribution of force to soft and hard tissues during impact. In the current study, we examined how pressure distribution over the palm during a fall is affected by impact configuration, body mass index (BMI), palmer soft tissue thickness, and a 5 mm thick foam pad (simulating a protective glove)."


Building A Bridge Between Physical Therapists And Fitness Professionals: The Development Of A Business Plan For San Luis Sports Therapy Clinics, Ashley August Fittz 2010 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Building A Bridge Between Physical Therapists And Fitness Professionals: The Development Of A Business Plan For San Luis Sports Therapy Clinics, Ashley August Fittz

Master's Theses and Project Reports

The purpose of this project was to create a business plan for a profitable, self-sustaining, program to build a bridge between physical therapists and fitness professionals.

The Quick Fit Program was a new service for the existing business San Luis Sports Therapy. The program was designed to be implemented within each of the company’s physical therapy clinics in California using existing personnel and resources. The Quick Fit Program is one way in which physical therapy practices can diversify the services they offer to keep pace with the changing landscape of healthcare.

Clients in the Quick Fit Program would receive ...


Gender-Based Analysis Of Hamstring And Quadriceps Muscle Activation During Jump Landings And Cutting, William Ebben, McKenzie Fauth, Erich Petushek, Luke Garceau, Brittni Hsu, Brittney Lutsch, Christina Feldmann 2010 Marquette University

Gender-Based Analysis Of Hamstring And Quadriceps Muscle Activation During Jump Landings And Cutting, William Ebben, Mckenzie Fauth, Erich Petushek, Luke Garceau, Brittni Hsu, Brittney Lutsch, Christina Feldmann

Exercise Science Faculty Research and Publications

This study evaluated gender differences in the magnitude and timing of hamstring and quadriceps activation during activities that are believed to cause anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Twelve men (age = 21.0 ± 1.2 years; body mass = 81.61 ± 13.3 kg; and jump height = 57.61 ± 10.15 cm) and 12 women (age = 19.91 ± 0.9 years; body mass = 64.36 ± 6.14 kg; and jump height = 43.28 ± 7.5) performed 3 repetitions each of the drop jump (jump) normalized to the subject's vertical jump height, and a sprint and cut at a 45-degree angle (cut ...


The Code Of Ethics For Physical Therapists, Carrie Yap 2010 Pacific University

The Code Of Ethics For Physical Therapists, Carrie Yap

Ethics & Policy in Healthcare Program

This presentation and accompanying paper (see below) explore different aspects of professional ethics in physical therapy, particularly the Code of Ethics for Physical Therapists.


The Effects Of Manual Therapy And Exercise For Adults With Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Compared To Electrical Modalities And Exercise, Ali Jakubowski 2010 Pacific University

The Effects Of Manual Therapy And Exercise For Adults With Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Compared To Electrical Modalities And Exercise, Ali Jakubowski

PT Critically Appraised Topics

No abstract provided.


Electrical Stimulation For Quadriceps Strengthening In Patients With Spinal Cord Injury, Amy Smith 2010 Pacific University

Electrical Stimulation For Quadriceps Strengthening In Patients With Spinal Cord Injury, Amy Smith

PT Critically Appraised Topics

No abstract provided.


Thoracic Manipulation In The Treatment Of Patients With Mechanical Neck Pain, Kristine Hostager 2010 Pacific University

Thoracic Manipulation In The Treatment Of Patients With Mechanical Neck Pain, Kristine Hostager

PT Critically Appraised Topics

No abstract provided.


The Influence Of Early Physical Therapy On Hospital Length Of Stay, Cheryl Rudisile 2010 Pacific University

The Influence Of Early Physical Therapy On Hospital Length Of Stay, Cheryl Rudisile

PT Critically Appraised Topics

No abstract provided.


Performance Of A Repetitive Task By Aged Rats Leads To Median Neuropathy And Spinal Cord Inflammation With Associated Sensorimotor Declines, Melanie B. Elliot, Ann E. Barr, Brian D. Clark, Christine K. Wade, Mary F. Barbe 2010 Thomas Jefferson University

Performance Of A Repetitive Task By Aged Rats Leads To Median Neuropathy And Spinal Cord Inflammation With Associated Sensorimotor Declines, Melanie B. Elliot, Ann E. Barr, Brian D. Clark, Christine K. Wade, Mary F. Barbe

Faculty Scholarship (PT)

Epidemiological studies have demonstrated a relationship between advancing age and susceptibility to risk factors for median neuropathies and musculoskeletal disorders. In this study, we determined if performance of a voluntary reaching task by aged rats induced sensorimotor declines, median nerve dysfunction and increased inflammatory cytokines in peripheral nerves, muscle and spinal cord neurons. Aged (14 mon) rats were trained for 15 min/day for 4 weeks to learn a high repetition, low force (HRLF) task (19 reaches/min; 15% maximum pulling force). Aged task rats performed the task for 2 h/day, 3 days/wk, for 12 weeks (until they ...


Comparison Of Hospital-Based Versus Home-Based Cardiac Rehabilitation For Patients Following An Acute Cardiac Event, Alison Horn 2010 Pacific University

Comparison Of Hospital-Based Versus Home-Based Cardiac Rehabilitation For Patients Following An Acute Cardiac Event, Alison Horn

PT Critically Appraised Topics

No abstract provided.


Chest Physical Therapy (Chest Pt) For Adults Over The Age Of Fifty Years Suffering From Acute Exacerbations Of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (Copd), Karla Krasnoselsky 2010 Pacific University

Chest Physical Therapy (Chest Pt) For Adults Over The Age Of Fifty Years Suffering From Acute Exacerbations Of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (Copd), Karla Krasnoselsky

PT Critically Appraised Topics

No abstract provided.


Regaining Glenohumeral Motion Lost To Adhesive Capsulitis…Do Mobilizations Help?, David Peterson 2010 Pacific University

Regaining Glenohumeral Motion Lost To Adhesive Capsulitis…Do Mobilizations Help?, David Peterson

PT Critically Appraised Topics

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress