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The Differences Of Personality Traits And Competitive Tendencies Between Female Collegiate Athletes And Females Majoring In Professional Competitive Fields, Terra Upham 2010 Fort Hays State University

The Differences Of Personality Traits And Competitive Tendencies Between Female Collegiate Athletes And Females Majoring In Professional Competitive Fields, Terra Upham

Master's Theses

The purpose of this investigation was to compare the differences between collegiate female athletes to females majoring in professional competitive fields to (1) specific personality factors, (2) levels of competitiveness, and (3) differences in competitive levels with regard to classification year. Methods included discriminating the Big Five personality traits and competitive tendencies to ascertain if personality and competitiveness measures differed between, 23 female collegiate athletes and 27 female majors in traditionally competitive professions. Participants ranged from ages 18 through 43. Participants self-reported their individual demographics, personality traits, and levels of competitiveness through survey tests. The personality traits of extraversion, agreeableness ...


The Effect Of Static Stretching And Order Of Warm-Up On The Isokinetic Peak Torque Of The Knee Extensors, Eric J. Sobolewski 2010 Utah State University

The Effect Of Static Stretching And Order Of Warm-Up On The Isokinetic Peak Torque Of The Knee Extensors, Eric J. Sobolewski

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of these studies were to determine if an acute static stretch influenced isokinetic peak torque (IPT), and to examine if the order in which the warm up routine was performed affected peak knee extension torque. Twenty trained college male students performed maximal isokinetic knee extensions under four conditions: a control consisting of no stretching, a stretch only trial, jog then stretch, and stretch then jog conditions. Each stretch was held for a total volume of 360 s. Measurements were taken on a Biodex System 3 isokinetic dynamometer at speeds of 60º s-1 and 300º s-1. Data were analyzed ...


The Effects Of Aquatic Exercise On Physiological And Biomechanical Responses, Matthew M. Denning 2010 Utah State University

The Effects Of Aquatic Exercise On Physiological And Biomechanical Responses, Matthew M. Denning

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Due to recent advances in aquatic research, technology, and facilities, many modes of aquatic therapy now exist. These aquatic modes assist individuals (e.g., osteoarthritis patients) in the performance of activities that may be too difficult to complete on land. However, the biomechanical requirements of each aquatic therapy mode may elicit different physiological and functional responses. Therefore, the purpose of this thesis was to: (a) provide a review of the physiological and biomechanical differences between aquatic and land based exercises, and (b) examine the acute effects of underwater and land treadmill exercise on oxygen consumption (VO2), rating of perceived exertion ...


Effects Of Underwater Treadmill Exercise On Mobility Of People With Knee Osteoarthritis, Jaimie Roper 2010 Utah State University

Effects Of Underwater Treadmill Exercise On Mobility Of People With Knee Osteoarthritis, Jaimie Roper

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Gait, pain, and self-efficacy alterations in osteoarthritis (OA) patients may be precursors for pathological alterations and are important variables to examine in an aquatic therapy study aimed at improving mobility. A greater understanding of these alterations will be useful for the treatment of OA and the prevention of OA progression. The purpose of this thesis was twofold: to review the effects of certain land and aquatic therapies on gait kinematics and mobility of people with osteoarthritis, and to examine the effects of short-term aquatic treadmill exercise on gait kinematics, perception of pain, and mobility in OA patients. A direct comparison ...


Variation And Reliability Of Ultrasonographic Quantification Of The Architecture Of The Medial Gastrocnemius Muscle In Young Children, Kirsten Legerlotz, Heather Smith, Wayne Hing 2010 University of Auckland

Variation And Reliability Of Ultrasonographic Quantification Of The Architecture Of The Medial Gastrocnemius Muscle In Young Children, Kirsten Legerlotz, Heather Smith, Wayne Hing

Wayne Hing

The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of ultrasonography for the quantification of gastrocnemius muscle architecture in healthy young children. The variation and reliability of measurement of muscle thickness, pennation angle and fibre length of the medial gastrocnemius were determined, using stationary and portable ultrasound machines, in 13 boys and eight girls aged 4–10. Ultrasound images were obtained from each leg, in duplicate, with the ankle at 90°, then at maximal plantar flexion, with the two machines within the same session. The same set of 16 scans was repeated in four children 4–6 weeks later ...


Estrogen Regulates Estrogen Receptors And Antioxidant Gene Expression In Mouse Skeletal Muscle, Kristen A. Baltgalvis, Sarah M. Greising, Gordon L. Warren, Dawn A. Lowe 2010 Georgia State University

Estrogen Regulates Estrogen Receptors And Antioxidant Gene Expression In Mouse Skeletal Muscle, Kristen A. Baltgalvis, Sarah M. Greising, Gordon L. Warren, Dawn A. Lowe

Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

Background: Estrogens are associated with the loss of skeletal muscle strength in women with age. Ovarian hormone removal by ovariectomy in mice leads to a loss of muscle strength, which is reversed with 17β-estradiol replacement. Aging is also associated with an increase in antioxidant stress, and estrogens can improve antioxidant status via their interaction with estrogen receptors (ER) to regulate antioxidant gene expression. The purpose of this study was to determine if ER and antioxidant gene expression in skeletal muscle are responsive to changes in circulating estradiol, and if ERs regulate antioxidant gene expression in this tissue.

Methodology/Principal Findings ...


Physical Function During Performance-Based Tasks And Throughout Daily Life. Is It Different Across Levels Of Frailty?, Olga Theou 2010 The University of Western Ontario

Physical Function During Performance-Based Tasks And Throughout Daily Life. Is It Different Across Levels Of Frailty?, Olga Theou

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The overall aim of this thesis was to provide a more focused understanding about the physical function of older women across levels of frailty. The specific aims were: 1) Examine the physical function of older women across levels of frailty during performance-based tasks and throughout their normal daily life; and 2) Review the effectiveness of current exercise interventions for the management of frailty. To answer these aims an observational study of community-dwelling older women (63-100 years) from rural Greece and a comprehensive systematic review on the impact of exercise on frail older adults were conducted. The performance-based measures that had ...


Walk On, Australia: An Exceptional Approach To Spinal Cord Injury, Amanda Randall 2010 University of New Hampshire

Walk On, Australia: An Exceptional Approach To Spinal Cord Injury, Amanda Randall

Inquiry Journal 2010

No abstract provided.


Reliability Of Surface Electromyography During Maximal Voluntary Isometric Contractions, Jump Landings, And Cutting, McKenzie Fauth, Erich Petushek, Christina Feldmann, Brittni Hsu, Luke Garceau, Brittney Lutsch, William Ebben 2010 Marquette University

Reliability Of Surface Electromyography During Maximal Voluntary Isometric Contractions, Jump Landings, And Cutting, Mckenzie Fauth, Erich Petushek, Christina Feldmann, Brittni Hsu, Luke Garceau, Brittney Lutsch, William Ebben

Exercise Science Faculty Research and Publications

The reliability of electromyographic (EMG) data has been examined for isometric and slow dynamic tasks, but little is known about the repeatability of this data for ballistic movements. The purpose of this study was to examine the within-session, trial-to-trial reliability of a variety of quadriceps and hamstrings muscles during isometric and ballistic activities. Data were analyzed by way of intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC), intersubject coefficients of variation (CVinter), and intrasubject coefficients of variation (CVintra). Twenty-four subjects performed 3 repetitions each of 2 randomly ordered test exercises, including landing from a depth jump (J) and cutting after a 10-m ...


Early Rehabilitation Targeting Cognition, Behavior, And Motor Function After Lumbar Fusion. A Randomized Controlled Trial, Allan Abbott, Raija Tyni-Lenne´, Rune Hedlund 2010 Selected Works

Early Rehabilitation Targeting Cognition, Behavior, And Motor Function After Lumbar Fusion. A Randomized Controlled Trial, Allan Abbott, Raija Tyni-Lenne´, Rune Hedlund

Allan D. Abbott

Study Design - Open label randomized controlled trial with 3-, 6-, 12-month, and 2- to 3-year follow-up.

Objective - To investigate the effectiveness of a psychomotor therapy focusing on cognition, behavior, and motor relearning compared with exercise therapy applied during the first 3 months after lumbar fusion.

Summary of Background Data - Postoperative management after lumbar fusion commonly focuses on analgesic pain control and activities of daily living. After 3 months, exercise therapy is often implemented. No randomized controlled trial has investigated early rehabilitation techniques conducted during the first 3 months after surgery.

Methods - The study recruited 107 patients, aged 18 to 65 ...


Predictors Of Retention In Physical Therapy: Client-, Disease-, And Treatment-Related Factors, Marc A. Silva 2010 Marquette University

Predictors Of Retention In Physical Therapy: Client-, Disease-, And Treatment-Related Factors, Marc A. Silva

Counselor Education and Counseling Psychology Research Exchange Conference

OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study are to (1) document the incidence of veterans who prematurely terminate physical therapy before medically indicated, and (2) identify reliable predictors of treatment retention and attrition. The potential benefit of this study is the identification of reliable variables that predict who is at risk for terminating physical therapy prematurely, which may lead to targeted interventions designed to increase treatment retention. RESEARCH DESIGN: This study will be a retrospective design involving a review of medical records of veterans receiving referral to physical therapy. METHODOLOGY: Multinomial logistic regression (MLR) will be used to examine the effects ...


Parasympathetic Functions In Children With Sensory Processing Disorder., Roseann C. Schaaf, Teal W. Benevides, Erna Imperatore Blanche, Barbara A. Brett-Green, Janice P. Burke, Ellen S. Cohn, Jane Koomar, Shelly J. Lane, Lucy Jane Miller, Teresa A. May-Benson, Diane Parham, Stacey Reynolds, Sarah A. Schoen 2010 Thomas Jefferson University

Parasympathetic Functions In Children With Sensory Processing Disorder., Roseann C. Schaaf, Teal W. Benevides, Erna Imperatore Blanche, Barbara A. Brett-Green, Janice P. Burke, Ellen S. Cohn, Jane Koomar, Shelly J. Lane, Lucy Jane Miller, Teresa A. May-Benson, Diane Parham, Stacey Reynolds, Sarah A. Schoen

Department of Occupational Therapy Faculty Papers

The overall goal of this study was to determine if parasympathetic nervous system (PsNS) activity is a significant biomarker of sensory processing difficulties in children. Several studies have demonstrated that PsNS activity is an important regulator of reactivity in children, and thus, it is of interest to study whether PsNS activity is related to sensory reactivity in children who have a type of condition associated with sensory processing disorders termed sensory modulation dysfunction (SMD). If so, this will have important implications for understanding the mechanisms underlying sensory processing problems of children and for developing intervention strategies to address them. The ...


Understanding Autonomous Practice, Tamara Gravano, Greg Hartley, Heather Mattingly, Joseph Libera, Sabrina Camilo, Jason Hardage 2010 Marshall University

Understanding Autonomous Practice, Tamara Gravano, Greg Hartley, Heather Mattingly, Joseph Libera, Sabrina Camilo, Jason Hardage

Physical Therapy Faculty Research

What is autonomous practice? As one of the elements of Vision 2020, au­tonomous practice is one whose mean­ing may not always be readily under­stood. The confusion can stem from the meaning of autonomy, which is sometimes misinterpreted to mean that the physical therapist (PT) practices in a vacuum, without coordinating and com­municating with other health care pro­viders. Nothing could be further from the truth. In fact, many PTs might be surprised to learn that they already prac­tice autonomously.


Pressure Distribution Over The Palm During Falls On The Outstretched Hands, Woochol J. Choi, Stephen N. Robinovitch 2010 Chapman University

Pressure Distribution Over The Palm During Falls On The Outstretched Hands, Woochol J. Choi, Stephen N. Robinovitch

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

"Over 90% of wrist fractures are caused by falls on the outstretched hands (Palvanen et al., Osteoporos Int, 2000). Along with bone strength, fracture risk depends on the magnitude and distribution of force to soft and hard tissues during impact. In the current study, we examined how pressure distribution over the palm during a fall is affected by impact configuration, body mass index (BMI), palmer soft tissue thickness, and a 5 mm thick foam pad (simulating a protective glove)."


Building A Bridge Between Physical Therapists And Fitness Professionals: The Development Of A Business Plan For San Luis Sports Therapy Clinics, Ashley August Fittz 2010 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Building A Bridge Between Physical Therapists And Fitness Professionals: The Development Of A Business Plan For San Luis Sports Therapy Clinics, Ashley August Fittz

Master's Theses and Project Reports

The purpose of this project was to create a business plan for a profitable, self-sustaining, program to build a bridge between physical therapists and fitness professionals.

The Quick Fit Program was a new service for the existing business San Luis Sports Therapy. The program was designed to be implemented within each of the company’s physical therapy clinics in California using existing personnel and resources. The Quick Fit Program is one way in which physical therapy practices can diversify the services they offer to keep pace with the changing landscape of healthcare.

Clients in the Quick Fit Program would receive ...


The Coping Strategy Questionnaire, Allan Abbott 2010 Selected Works

The Coping Strategy Questionnaire, Allan Abbott

Allan D. Abbott

Extract:
General description: The coping strategy questionnaire (CSQ), (Rosenstiel & Keefe 1983) in its original version consists of 50 items assessing patient self rated use of cognitive and behavioural strategies to cope with pain. It comprises six subscales for cognitive strategies (ignoring pain, reinterpretation of pain, diverting attention, coping self statements, catastrophising, praying/hoping) and two subscales for behavioural strategies (increasing activity levels and increasing pain behaviours). Each coping strategy subscale consists of six items measured with a numerical rating scale ranging from 0 (never do that) to 6 (always do that) indicating how frequently the strategy is used to cope ...


Do People With Aphasia Want Written Information? A Verbal Survey Exploring Preferences For When And How To Provide Stroke And Aphasia Information, Tanya Rose, Linda Worrall, Louise Hickson, Tammy Hoffmann 2010 University of Queensland

Do People With Aphasia Want Written Information? A Verbal Survey Exploring Preferences For When And How To Provide Stroke And Aphasia Information, Tanya Rose, Linda Worrall, Louise Hickson, Tammy Hoffmann

Tammy Hoffmann

Purpose: Written health information can be better comprehended by people with aphasia if it is provided in an aphasiafriendly format. However, before pursuing research in the area of text-formatting for people with aphasia, it must be determined whether people with aphasia consider it helpful to receive health information in the written media. This study, therefore, aimed to determine the following: whether people with aphasia consider it important to receive written stroke and aphasia information; when people with aphasia prefer to receive this information; and what their preferences are for health information media.

Method: Surveys were administered in a face-to-face interview ...


Survivors On The Edge: The Lived Experience Of Professional Musicians With Playing-Related Injuries, Christine A. Guptill 2010 Western University

Survivors On The Edge: The Lived Experience Of Professional Musicians With Playing-Related Injuries, Christine A. Guptill

Christine A Guptill

The purpose of this study was to understand the lived-experience of professional instrumental musicians who have experienced playing-related injuries. This study used a hermeneutic phenomenological methodology developed to examine this lived-experience. In-depth interviews were conducted with ten professional musicians. This was followed by a focus group where preliminary findings were presented to participants and their feedback was sought. Other sources of lived-experience included participant-observation by the researcher, who is a musician and has experienced injuries; and biographic and artistic representations of musical performance and its loss, including literature, films and television. The findings were summarized in a visual representation unique ...


Management Of Type Ii Superior Labrum Anterior Posterior Lesions: A Review Of The Literature, Xinning Li, Timothy J. Lin, Marcus Jager, Mark D. Price, Nicola Deangelis, Brian D. Busconi, Michael A. Brown 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Management Of Type Ii Superior Labrum Anterior Posterior Lesions: A Review Of The Literature, Xinning Li, Timothy J. Lin, Marcus Jager, Mark D. Price, Nicola Deangelis, Brian D. Busconi, Michael A. Brown

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications

Superior labrum anterior and posterior lesions were first described in 1985 by Andrews et al. and later classified into four types by Synder et al. The most prevalent is type II which is fraying of the superior glenoid labrum with detachment of the biceps anchor. Superior labrum anterior posterior (SLAP) lesions can also be associated with other shoulder pathology. Both MRI and MRA can be utilized in making the diagnosis with the coronal images being the most sensitive. The mechanism of injury can be either repetitive stress or acute trauma with the superior labrum most vulnerable to injury during the ...


Dual-Task Interference: The Effects Of Verbal Cognitive Tasks On Upright Postural Stability In Parkinson's Disease, J. Holmes, M. Jenkins, Andrew Johnson, S. Adams, S. Spaulding 2010 The University of Western Ontario

Dual-Task Interference: The Effects Of Verbal Cognitive Tasks On Upright Postural Stability In Parkinson's Disease, J. Holmes, M. Jenkins, Andrew Johnson, S. Adams, S. Spaulding

Andrew M. Johnson

Although dual-task interference has previously been demonstrated to have a significant effect on postural control among individuals with Parkinson's disease, the impact of speech complexity on postural control has not been demonstrated using quantitative biomechanical measures. The postural stability of twelve participants with idiopathic Parkinson's disease and twelve healthy age-matched controls was evaluated under three conditions: (1) without a secondary task, (2) performing a rote repetition task and (3) generating a monologue. Results suggested a significant effect of cognitive load on biomechanical parameters of postural stability. Although both groups increased their postural excursion, individuals with Parkinson's disease ...


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