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The Reliability Of Portable Fixed Dynamometry During Hip And Knee Strength Assessments, Roger O. Kollock Jr., James A. Onate, Bonnie Van Lunen 2010 Old Dominion University

The Reliability Of Portable Fixed Dynamometry During Hip And Knee Strength Assessments, Roger O. Kollock Jr., James A. Onate, Bonnie Van Lunen

Rehabilitation Sciences Faculty Publications

Context: Insufficient lower extremity strength may be a risk factor for lower extremity injuries such as noncontact anterior cruciate ligament tears. Therefore, clinicians need reliable instruments to assess strength deficiencies.

Objective: To assess the intrarater, interrater, intrasession, and intersession reliability of a portable fixed dynamometer in measuring the strength of the hip and knee musculature.

Design: Crossover study.

Setting: Sports medicine research laboratory.

Patients or Other Participants: Three raters (A, B, C) participated in this 2-phase study. Raters A and B tested 11 healthy college graduate students (2 men, 9 women) in phase 1. Raters A and C tested 26 ...


Job Satisfaction, Job Involvement, And Perceived Organizational Support As Predictors Of Organizational Commitment, Jennifer Parker Ayers 2010 Walden University

Job Satisfaction, Job Involvement, And Perceived Organizational Support As Predictors Of Organizational Commitment, Jennifer Parker Ayers

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not there is a significant relationship between job satisfaction, job involvement, perceived organizational support, and organizational commitment among educators. A review of the literature revealed there is limited research that examined organizational behaviors among educators. Organizational commitment has been identified as a leading factor impacting an employee's level of success in various organizations. There remains a gap in the current literature regarding specific attitudinal behaviors influencing organizational commitment across various levels of education. Organizational commitment among educators employed at the primary, secondary, and postsecondary levels was examined. The sample ...


Neuromuscular Adaptations During Perturbations In Individuals With And Without Bilateral Vestibular Loss, Nora Havlik Riley 2010 University of Iowa

Neuromuscular Adaptations During Perturbations In Individuals With And Without Bilateral Vestibular Loss, Nora Havlik Riley

Theses and Dissertations

Approximately 20% of the general population is affected by a vestibular disorder. Vestibular dysfunction is recognized as an important intrinsic factor leading to falls. Despite research on balance strategies with platform perturbations, limited information exists on neuromuscular performance of the knee with perturbations during functional tasks. Improved understanding of the effects of BVL on neuromuscular control of the knee will aid researchers and clinicians in developing rehabilitation programs that address the adaptations and balance deficits that occur with vestibular loss. Hence, the main purpose was to examine accuracy of performance, knee muscle activation patterns and long latency responses in response ...


Minimizing Injuries And Enhancing Performance In Golf Through Training Programs, Erik P. Meira, Jason Brumitt 2010 George Fox University

Minimizing Injuries And Enhancing Performance In Golf Through Training Programs, Erik P. Meira, Jason Brumitt

Faculty Publications - School of Physical Therapy

Context: Golf is a popular sport, particularly in older populations. Regardless of age and skill level, golfers risk injury to the back, shoulder, wrist and hand, elbow, and knee. Because of the unique compressive, shear, rotational, and lateral bending forces created in the lumbar region during the golf swing, the primary sport-related malady experienced by amateurs and professionals is low back pain. Extrinsic and intrinsic injury risk factors have been reported in the literature. A growing body of evidence supports the prescription of strength training routines to enhance performance and reduce the risk of injury.

Evidence Acquisition: Relevant studies were ...


Deep Posterior Compartment Strength And Foot Kinematics In Subjects With Stage Ii Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction, Christopher Neville, Adolph S. Flemister, Jeff Houck 2010 George Fox University

Deep Posterior Compartment Strength And Foot Kinematics In Subjects With Stage Ii Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction, Christopher Neville, Adolph S. Flemister, Jeff Houck

Faculty Publications - School of Physical Therapy

Background: Tibialis posterior muscle weakness has been documented in subjects with Stage II posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) but the effect of weakness on foot structure remains unclear. The association between strength and flatfoot kinematics may guide treatment such as the use of strengthening programs targeting the tibialis posterior muscle.

Materials and Methods: Thirty Stage II PTTD subjects (age; 58.1 ± 10.5 years, BMI 30.6 ± 5.4) and 15 matched controls (age; 56.5 ± 7.7 years, BMI 30.6 ± 3.6) volunteered for this study. Deep Posterior Compartment strength was measured from both legs of each subject ...


Patient Factors In The Selection Of Operative Versus Nonoperative Treatment For Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction, Kathryn O'Connor, Judith Baumhauer, Jeff R. Houck 2010 George Fox University

Patient Factors In The Selection Of Operative Versus Nonoperative Treatment For Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction, Kathryn O'Connor, Judith Baumhauer, Jeff R. Houck

Faculty Publications - School of Physical Therapy

Background: The influence of demographic, medical history, and treatment variables on the maintenance of nonoperative care or progression to operative intervention in Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfuction (PTTD) was explored. This retrospective study compared demographic, medical history and treatment variables between operative and nonoperative care in subjects with PTTD.

Materials and Methods: Charts with the ICD-9 codes (726.72, 726.90) and brace distribution records for 2005 and 2006 were used to identify subjects. From these, 166 of 606 charts included documentation of PTTD. Variables were grouped into three categories including demographics (Age, body mass index, gender and working status), medical ...


Achilles Pain, Stiffness, And Muscle Power Deficits: Achilles Tendinitis, Christopher C. Carcia, Robroy L. Martin, Jeff Houck, Dane K. Wukich 2010 George Fox University

Achilles Pain, Stiffness, And Muscle Power Deficits: Achilles Tendinitis, Christopher C. Carcia, Robroy L. Martin, Jeff Houck, Dane K. Wukich

Faculty Publications - School of Physical Therapy

The Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association presents this sixth set of clinical practice guidelines on Achilles pain, stiffness, and muscle power deficits that are characteristic of Achilles Tendinitis. These clinical practice guidelines are linked to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). The purpose of these practice guidelines is to describe evidence-based orthopaedic physical therapy clinical practice and provide recommendations for (1) examination and diagnostic classification based on body functions and body structures, activity limitations, and participation restrictions, (2) interventions provided by physical therapists, (3) and assessment of outcome for common musculoskeletal disorders.


Repetitive Eccentric Muscle Contractions Increase Torque Unsteadiness In The Human Triceps Brachii, Andrew Mezsaros, Masaki Iguchi, Shuo-Hsiu Chang, Richard K. Shields 2010 George Fox University

Repetitive Eccentric Muscle Contractions Increase Torque Unsteadiness In The Human Triceps Brachii, Andrew Mezsaros, Masaki Iguchi, Shuo-Hsiu Chang, Richard K. Shields

Faculty Publications - School of Physical Therapy

Torque steadiness and low-frequency fatigue (LFF) were examined in the human triceps brachii after concentric or eccentric fatigue protocols. Healthy young males (n = 17) performed either concentric or eccentric elbow extensor contractions until the eccentric maximal voluntary torque decreased to 75% of pre-fatigue for both (concentric and eccentric) protocols. The number of concentric contractions was greater than the number of eccentric contractions needed to induce the same 25% decrease in eccentric MVC torque (52.2 ± 2.9 vs. 41.5 ± 2.1 for the concentric and eccentric protocols, respectively, p < .01). The extent of peripheral fatigue was 12% greater after the concentric compared to the eccentric protocol (twitch amplitude), whereas LFF (increase in double pulse torque/single pulse torque), was similar across protocols. Steadiness, or the ability for a subject to hold a submaximal isometric contraction, was 20% more inpaired during the Ecc protocol (p = .052). Similarly, the EMG activity required to hold the torque steady was nearly 20% greater after the eccentric compared to concentric protocol. These findings support that task dependent eccentric contractions preferentially alter CNS control during a precision based steadiness task.


Changes In Transversus Abdominis Thickness With Use Of The Abdominal Drawing-In Maneuver During A Functional Task, M. K. McGalliard, G. S. Dedrick, J. M. Brismée, C. E. Cook, G. G. Apte, P. S. Sizer Jr. 2010 Campbell University

Changes In Transversus Abdominis Thickness With Use Of The Abdominal Drawing-In Maneuver During A Functional Task, M. K. Mcgalliard, G. S. Dedrick, J. M. Brismée, C. E. Cook, G. G. Apte, P. S. Sizer Jr.

Physical Therapy

No abstract provided.


The Able Scale: The Development And Psychometric Properties Of A New Outcome Measure For The Spinal Cord Injury Population, Elizabeth Ardolino 2010 Seton Hall University

The Able Scale: The Development And Psychometric Properties Of A New Outcome Measure For The Spinal Cord Injury Population, Elizabeth Ardolino

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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Perspectives Of Executive Women: Life Choices And Balancing Career With Marriage And Children, Wendy James 2010 Walden University

Perspectives Of Executive Women: Life Choices And Balancing Career With Marriage And Children, Wendy James

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

This qualitative study investigated the experiences of executive women and their choices in balancing work with marriage and children. Research on women in the workplace tends to conflate categories of hourly workers, part-time employees, and middle- and upper-management careers. Yet, the literature on balancing career and family life does not adequately portray the experiences of executive women. The purpose of the study was to discover executive women's perceptions about their career, how they chose their path, and how their career choices affected their decisions about marriage and children. The research questions for this study examined: (a) The effect of ...


Survivors On The Edge: The Lived-Experience Of Professional Musicians With Playing-Related Injuries, Christine A. Guptill 2010 Western University

Survivors On The Edge: The Lived-Experience Of Professional Musicians With Playing-Related Injuries, Christine A. Guptill

Digitized Theses

The purpose of this study was to understand the lived-experience of professional instrumental musicians who have experienced playing-related injuries. This study used a hermeneutic phenomenological methodology developed to examine this lived-experience. In-depth interviews were conducted with ten professional musicians. This was followed by a focus group where preliminary findings were presented to participants and their feedback was sought. Other sources of lived-experience included participant-observation by the researcher, who is a musician and has experienced injuries; and biographic and artistic representations of musical performance and its loss, including literature, films and television.

The findings were summarized in a visual representation unique ...


Three Dimensional Printing: Modern Medical Applications, Devin Peek, Elizabeth Stark 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Three Dimensional Printing: Modern Medical Applications, Devin Peek, Elizabeth Stark

Graphic Communication

3-D printing is an additive printing process based on inkjet printing principles. Using this technology, a variety of materials can be used to create a three-dimensional product. Currently this technology is expensive, however it is slowly becoming more affordable. 3-D printing has the potential to change the future of medical model production and prototyping, due to the beneficial products it can produce. The objective of this research study is to discover the technological advancements in 3-D printing that could greatly affect several aspects of the medical industry. The areas discussed include high-risk surgery, dentistry, and prosthetics. After conducting six interviews ...


A Correlational Study Of Telework Frequency, Information Communication Technology, And Job Satisfaction Of Home-Based Teleworkers, Shana P. Webster-Trotman 2010 Walden University

A Correlational Study Of Telework Frequency, Information Communication Technology, And Job Satisfaction Of Home-Based Teleworkers, Shana P. Webster-Trotman

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

In 2008, 33.7 million Americans teleworked from home. The Telework Enhancement Act (S. 707) and the Telework Improvements Act (H.R. 1722) of 2009 were designed to increase the number of teleworkers. The research problem addressed was the lack of understanding of factors that influence home-based teleworkers' job satisfaction. Job dissatisfaction has been found to have a significant impact on voluntary turnover. The purpose of the study was to assess the relationship among telework frequency, information communication technology (ICT), and job satisfaction. The research questions were designed to answer whether correlational relationships exist among telework frequency, ICT, and job ...


National Survey On Equine Assisted Therapy: An Exploratory Study Of Current Practitioners And Programs, Patricia J. McConnell 2010 Walden University

National Survey On Equine Assisted Therapy: An Exploratory Study Of Current Practitioners And Programs, Patricia J. Mcconnell

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Equine facilitated psychotherapy (EFP), a new field in psychology, is an alternative method of therapy that uses horses to facilitate therapeutic outcomes. There is minimal peer reviewed literature and few published studies examining efficacy. The conceptual lens of this study was grounded theory, as there is insufficient evidence of theoretical frame-works guiding equine assisted therapy. The purpose of this exploratory concurrent mixed methods study was to examine the theoretical foundation of practitioners; program make up; client populations; efficacy of program; and why the horse serves as the therapeutic catalyst of this model. A 43-item survey was sent to 800 programs ...


The Effect Of An Incline Walking Surface And The Contribution Of Balance On Spatiotemporal Gait Parameters Of Older Adults, Richard A. Ferraro 2010 Seton Hall University

The Effect Of An Incline Walking Surface And The Contribution Of Balance On Spatiotemporal Gait Parameters Of Older Adults, Richard A. Ferraro

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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Using A Structured Decision Making Protocol To Stratify Caseloads In The Child Support Program, Steven J. Golightly 2010 Walden University

Using A Structured Decision Making Protocol To Stratify Caseloads In The Child Support Program, Steven J. Golightly

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Although structured decision making and risk assessment protocols have successfully been used in human service programs, little research has been done on their applicability in the child support program. In this study, problems identified with child support case management were examined, along with positive and negative attributes of various risk assessment tools utilized in other arenas. The overall research problem asserted that there are no structured decision making protocols in the child support program to support case assignment by enforcement difficulty. The primary research question asked whether or not a process stratified by risk and level of enforcement difficulty could ...


Portable, Non-Invasive Fall Risk Assessment In End Stage Renal Disease Patients On Hemodialysis, Thurmon Lockhart, Adam T. Barth, Xiaoyue Zhang, Rahul Soangra, Emaad Abdel-Rahman, John Lach 2010 Virginia Tech

Portable, Non-Invasive Fall Risk Assessment In End Stage Renal Disease Patients On Hemodialysis, Thurmon Lockhart, Adam T. Barth, Xiaoyue Zhang, Rahul Soangra, Emaad Abdel-Rahman, John Lach

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

Patients with end stage renal diseases (ESRD) on hemodialysis (HD) have high morbidity and mortality due to multiple causes, one of which is dramatically higher fall rates than the general population. The mobility mechanisms that contribute to falls in this population must be understood if adequate interventions for fall prevention are to be achieved. This study utilizes emerging noninvasive, portable gait, posture, strength, and stability assessment technologies to extract various mobility parameters that research has shown to be predictive of fall risk in the general population. As part of an ongoing human subjects study, mobility measures such as postural and ...


The Relationship Between A Teacher Check List And Standardised Tests For Visual Perception Skills: A South African Remedial Primary School Perspective, Janet Richmond, K Holland 2010 Edith Cowan University

The Relationship Between A Teacher Check List And Standardised Tests For Visual Perception Skills: A South African Remedial Primary School Perspective, Janet Richmond, K Holland

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Occupational therapy in remedial education settings has been questioned by the South African Government as they see occupational therapy as a costly service and thus has challenged occupational therapy clinicians’ approach to assessment. This study was undertaken to establish whether the results of standardised tests of visual perception skills, relate to teachers’ observations in respect of primary remedial school age children (six to eleven years) attending a short term remedial school because of low scholastic achievement despite having average or above intellectual ability. The Test of Visual Perceptual Skills – Revised, the Developmental Test of Visual Perception-2, the Jordan Left-Right reversals ...


Incorporating Rehabilitation Services Into Oncology Site-Specific Clinical Practice Guidelines, Kathleen Leies RN, OCN, Kathy Sevedge RN, MA, AOCN, Dorothy Morrone RNC, MS, OCN, Stephanie Marshall CCER, Jennifer Roeder MSPT, MBA 2010 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Incorporating Rehabilitation Services Into Oncology Site-Specific Clinical Practice Guidelines, Kathleen Leies Rn, Ocn, Kathy Sevedge Rn, Ma, Aocn, Dorothy Morrone Rnc, Ms, Ocn, Stephanie Marshall Ccer, Jennifer Roeder Mspt, Mba

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


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