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Effects Of Ageing And Exercise Training On Postural Stability In Relation To Strength Ratios Of The Lower Limb Muscles, Zachary James Crowley-McHattan 2013 Southern Cross University

Effects Of Ageing And Exercise Training On Postural Stability In Relation To Strength Ratios Of The Lower Limb Muscles, Zachary James Crowley-Mchattan

Theses

The aims of the research presented in this thesis were to determine the relationships between the muscle strength ratios of the agonists and antagonists at the knee and ankle joints, and the measurements of postural control, and how these relationships were influenced by ageing and specific exercise programs. The outcomes of the research suggested that ageing differentially affected the two strength ratios of the lower limb and had a significant negative effect on postural control. Tai Chi exercise had a benefit on muscular strength of the thigh muscles however no effect on strength ratios or static postural control.


Reconsidering And Re-Conceptualizing Kinesiology, T. G. Johnson 2012 Boise State University

Reconsidering And Re-Conceptualizing Kinesiology, T. G. Johnson

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

The purpose of this article is to delineate a more humanistic view of kinesiology by drawing on the rich, but often overlooked, phenomenology of movement literature (Arnold, 1979; Brown & Payne, 2009; Merleau-Ponty, 1962). Brown and Payne (2009) maintain that "phenomenology is a reaction against...the scientization of [kinesiology] that sees its conceptualization, contextualization, representation, and legitimation primarily as a science" (p. 423). By drawing on the work of Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1962) and Peter Arnold (1979), I argue that kinesiology is not only a scientific discipline charged with creating and disseminating scientifically-based knowledge, but also a field of study that encompasses the performing ...


Developing An Instrument To Measure Physical Activity Related Self-Worth In Women: Rasch Analysis Of The Women's Physical Activity Self-Worth Inventory (Wpaswi), Jennifer Huberty, Jamie Vener, Yong Gao, Justin Matthews, Lynda Ransdell, Steriani Elavsky 2012 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Developing An Instrument To Measure Physical Activity Related Self-Worth In Women: Rasch Analysis Of The Women's Physical Activity Self-Worth Inventory (Wpaswi), Jennifer Huberty, Jamie Vener, Yong Gao, Justin Matthews, Lynda Ransdell, Steriani Elavsky

Yong Gao

Objectives: The objective of this study is to report on the development of an instrument to assess non-physical aspects of physical activity (PA) -related self-worth (SW). Methods: Three hundred thirty five women (mean age = 36.69 ± 15.94 yrs, BMI = 24.87 ± 4.56) completed the Women’s Physical Activity Self-Worth Inventory (WPASWI), General SW Scale, and a PA Questionnaire. Rasch analysis was used to evaluate the WPASWI. Results: Three PA-related SW subscales were identified: PA Knowledge (16 items), PA Emotional (13 items), and PA Social (8 items). Rasch analysis supported construct validity, and items demonstrated acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach ...


Differential Item Functioning Analysis Of The Mental, Emotional, And Bodily Toughness Inventory, Yong Gao, Mick G. Mack, Moira A. Ragan, Brian Ragan 2012 Boise State University

Differential Item Functioning Analysis Of The Mental, Emotional, And Bodily Toughness Inventory, Yong Gao, Mick G. Mack, Moira A. Ragan, Brian Ragan

Yong Gao

This study was to use differential item functioning (DIF) analysis to examine if there were items in the Mental, Emotional, and Bodily Toughness Inventory (MeBTough) functioning differently across gender and athletic membership. A total of 444 male (56.3%) and female (43.7%) participants (30.9% athletes and 69.1% non-athletes) responded to the MeBTough items. Using Mantel-Haenszel and SIBTEST methods, 43 items were analyzed for DIF. Four MeBTough items were identified as large DIF items by both Mantel-Haenszel and SIBTEST methods, where item 21 favored non-athletes, item 40 favored athletes, item 2 favored males, and item 17 favored females ...


Evaluation Of An Internet–Short Message Service–Based Intervention For Promoting Physical Activity In Hong Kong Chinese Adolescent School Children: A Pilot Study, Erica Y. Lau, Patrick W. C. Lau, Pak-Kwong Chung, Lynda B. Ransdell, Edward Archer 2012 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Evaluation Of An Internet–Short Message Service–Based Intervention For Promoting Physical Activity In Hong Kong Chinese Adolescent School Children: A Pilot Study, Erica Y. Lau, Patrick W. C. Lau, Pak-Kwong Chung, Lynda B. Ransdell, Edward Archer

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Evaluation of acceptability and preliminary efficacy of an Internet and short message service (SMS) intervention for promoting physical activity (PA) in Hong Kong Chinese school children. An 8-week quasi-experimental study non-randomly assigned 78 school children (mean age=12.8 years) to (a) an intervention group that received a stage-matched, Internet PA program two times a week and tailored SMS messages daily; or (b) a no-treatment control. Data were collected from September 2008 until June 2009. Acceptability measures included exposure rate and participant's satisfaction. Efficacy measures were changes in stage of motivational readiness (SMR) and self-reported PA level. Intervention participants ...


Differential Item Functioning Analysis Of The Mental, Emotional, And Bodily Toughness Inventory, Yong Gao, Mick G. Mack, Moira A. Ragan, Brian Ragan 2012 Boise State University

Differential Item Functioning Analysis Of The Mental, Emotional, And Bodily Toughness Inventory, Yong Gao, Mick G. Mack, Moira A. Ragan, Brian Ragan

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

This study was to use differential item functioning (DIF) analysis to examine if there were items in the Mental, Emotional, and Bodily Toughness Inventory (MeBTough) functioning differently across gender and athletic membership. A total of 444 male (56.3%) and female (43.7%) participants (30.9% athletes and 69.1% non-athletes) responded to the MeBTough items. Using Mantel-Haenszel and SIBTEST methods, 43 items were analyzed for DIF. Four MeBTough items were identified as large DIF items by both Mantel-Haenszel and SIBTEST methods, where item 21 favored non-athletes, item 40 favored athletes, item 2 favored males, and item 17 favored females ...


Mountain Movement: The Design, Implementation, & Evaluation Of A Youth Yoga Program, Abigail A. Long 2012 SIT Graduate Institute

Mountain Movement: The Design, Implementation, & Evaluation Of A Youth Yoga Program, Abigail A. Long

Capstone Collection

Abigail Ann Long – PIM 70

Mountain Movement: The Design, Implementation, & Evaluation

of a Youth Yoga Program

May 2012

Mountain Movement is a youth yoga program designed to introduce children to the sustainable practice of yoga as well as convey the ability to recognize stress and utilize relaxation techniques. Children face a number of challenges throughout their daily lives. These challenges, ranging from academic pressures to bullying, can create stresses with negative impacts. Yoga is an activity that can provide children with tools and methods to better deal with and cope with these challenges. Mountain Movement has demonstrated that a youth ...


Duration Of The Effects Of Three Static Stretching Conditions With Or Without A Dynamic Warm-Up In College Age Adults, Spencer Blackwell, Andrew Blomberg, Jonathan Griffith 2012 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Duration Of The Effects Of Three Static Stretching Conditions With Or Without A Dynamic Warm-Up In College Age Adults, Spencer Blackwell, Andrew Blomberg, Jonathan Griffith

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to determine the stretching duration (15, 30, 60 seconds) with or without a dynamic warm-up that resulted in the longest lasting acute effects in hamstring flexibility.

Subjects. Forty subjects (17 male, 23 female) (age: 20-35 years) were selected to participate in this study using a sample of convenience from university graduate students.

Methods. This study contained 7 treatment conditions in which each subject completed in random order. Three groups consisted of a 5-minute treadmill warm-up at a self-selected velocity (SSV) followed by one of three stretching durations (15, 30, or 60 sec). Three ...


Kinesio Taping On Short-Term Changes In Shoulder Strength In Healthy Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial, Dario A. Callegari, Cristobal E. Cordova, Julia R. Dunievitz 2012 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Kinesio Taping On Short-Term Changes In Shoulder Strength In Healthy Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial, Dario A. Callegari, Cristobal E. Cordova, Julia R. Dunievitz

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Study Type: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Introduction:

Kinesio tape is an elastic tape used in various settings and it is purported to assist in strengthening weakened muscles. The mechanism behind this claim is neuromuscular facilitation. The purpose of this study was to determine if the claims of Kinesio tape would be supported in its role in strength enhancing properties.

Methods:

Twenty-nine healthy, untrained male and female college-aged individuals participated in this study. Two baseline measurements assessing shoulder external rotation (ER) strength were collected using isokinetic dynamometry. Subjects were then randomized into two groups, Kinesio tape with ER strengthening (KT-Ex) and ...


Effects Of The Prone-Passive Stretching Technique On Glenohumeral Internal Rotation, David Hammons 2012 Boise State University

Effects Of The Prone-Passive Stretching Technique On Glenohumeral Internal Rotation, David Hammons

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: Posterior shoulder tightness is widely considered a causative factor for multiple disorders of the glenohumeral (GH) joint. Specifically, Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Deficit (GIRD) creates the potential for a cascading effect in overhead athletes leading to shoulder dysfunction. Both conservative and surgical interventions have been discussed in the literature to reduce the symptoms of GIRD and posterior GH tightness. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a novel prone- passive internal rotation (IR) stretching technique compared to the cross-body stretching technique at improving glenohumeral IR. The prone technique has been described once in the literature ...


An Examination Of The Effectiveness Of An 8-Week Bikram Yoga Program On Mindfulness, Perceived Stress, And Physical Fitness, Zoe L. Hewett, Lynda B. Ransdell, Yong Gao, Linda M. Petlichkoff, Shelley M. Lucas 2012 Jaeger Circuit, Australia

An Examination Of The Effectiveness Of An 8-Week Bikram Yoga Program On Mindfulness, Perceived Stress, And Physical Fitness, Zoe L. Hewett, Lynda B. Ransdell, Yong Gao, Linda M. Petlichkoff, Shelley M. Lucas

Shelley Lucas

Previous research reports positive effects of yoga on health. The physical and psychological outcomes of participation in Bikram yoga are under-researched despite its increasing popularity, and this type of yoga may be significant with regards to stress management due to its unique method of practice. This study was designed to assess changes in levels of mindfulness, perceived stress, and physical fitness after participation in an 8-week Bikram yoga program. Fifty-one participants aged 20–54 years (mean, 31.57 years) were recruited by word of mouth from a large university located in the Northwestern United States. Participants attended a minimum of ...


Courting Controversy: Gender And Power In Iowa Girls’ Basketball, Shelley Lucas 2012 Boise State University

Courting Controversy: Gender And Power In Iowa Girls’ Basketball, Shelley Lucas

Shelley Lucas

No abstract provided.


Higher, Faster, Stronger, Drunker?, Lynda Ransdell, Kathy Hildebrand, Caile Spear, Shelley Lucas 2012 Boise State University

Higher, Faster, Stronger, Drunker?, Lynda Ransdell, Kathy Hildebrand, Caile Spear, Shelley Lucas

Shelley Lucas

In light of the increasing number of girls participating in sports, the pressures associated with "big time sports," and interest in preventing alcohol-related problems in female athletes, the purpose of this viewpoint is to examine the prevalence of alcohol abuse in female athletes and to provide coaches and teachers with suggestions for education and prevention. Some of these include a continual increase in the competition, negotiating relationships with teammates and coaches, performance anxiety or fear of failure, decreased social interaction due to competition, time management issues, burnout, and coping with injuries (Storch, Storch, Killiany, & Roberti, 2005).


Increasing The Number Of Women Administrators In Kinesiology And Beyond: A Proposed Application Of The Transformational Leadership Model, Lynda Ransdell, Sarah Toevs, Jennifer White, Shelley Lucas, Jean Perry, Onie Grosshans, Diane Boothe, Sona Andrews 2012 Boise State University

Increasing The Number Of Women Administrators In Kinesiology And Beyond: A Proposed Application Of The Transformational Leadership Model, Lynda Ransdell, Sarah Toevs, Jennifer White, Shelley Lucas, Jean Perry, Onie Grosshans, Diane Boothe, Sona Andrews

Shelley Lucas

In higher education in the United States, women are often underrepresented in leadership positions. When women try administration, they face a higher rate of attrition than their male counterparts. Given the lack of women in leadership positions and the failure of the academy to retain women administrators, a group of women administrators and faculty with many collective years of experience in higher education assembled to write this paper. Our writing group consisted of 2 Chairs, 2 Deans, 1 Associate Dean, 2 pre-tenure faculty members, and a Provost, representing four different institutions. The authors of this paper suggest that applying the ...


Motivation, Goal Orientation, Coaching, And Training Habits Of Women Ultrarunners, Rhonna Z. Krouse, Lynda Ransdell, Shelley M. Lucas, Mary Pritchard 2012 College of Western Idaho

Motivation, Goal Orientation, Coaching, And Training Habits Of Women Ultrarunners, Rhonna Z. Krouse, Lynda Ransdell, Shelley M. Lucas, Mary Pritchard

Shelley Lucas

Ultrarunners participate in running events that exceed the 26.2 mile marathon distance (e.g., 50 K, 50-100 miles). Very little research exists on ultrarunners, especially women. The present study is a descriptive study detailing the motivation, goal orientation, demographic characteristics (e.g., age, job demands, family structure), training habits (e.g., hours per week of training), and coach utilization of women ultrarunners. Participants (N = 344) were recruited via the Ultra Listserve and four popular ultrarunning websites, and they completed a questionnaire on motivation, goal orientation, training, and coaching using Survey Monkey. General health orientation (mean + SD) (4.71 ± 1 ...


An Examination Of Current Practices And Gender Differences In Strength And Conditioning In A Sample Of Varsity High School Athletic Programs, Monica Lynn Reynolds, Lynda B. Ransdell, Shelley Lucas, Linda M. Petlichkoff, Yong Gao 2012 Boise State University

An Examination Of Current Practices And Gender Differences In Strength And Conditioning In A Sample Of Varsity High School Athletic Programs, Monica Lynn Reynolds, Lynda B. Ransdell, Shelley Lucas, Linda M. Petlichkoff, Yong Gao

Shelley Lucas

Currently, little is known about strength and conditioning programs at the high school level. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to explore current practices in strength and conditioning for varsity high school athletes in selected sports. Specifically examined were: who administers programs for these athletes, what kinds of training activities are done, and whether the responsible party or emphasis changes depending on the gender of the athletes. Coaches of varsity soccer, basketball, and softball/baseball in three large Idaho school districts were asked to complete an online survey. Sixty-seven percent (32/48) of the questionnaires were completed and used ...


Cornography: Selling Women's Professional Basketball In A Girls' Basketball State, Shelley Lucas 2012 Boise State University

Cornography: Selling Women's Professional Basketball In A Girls' Basketball State, Shelley Lucas

Shelley Lucas

Examines the marketing strategy of the short-lived Iowa Cornets, part of the Women's Professional Basketball League (WBL) in the late 1970's. Hoping to capitalize on the popularity of Iowa girls' high school basketball, the Cornets emphasized everything Iowa, signing home-grown players, hiring coaches with Iowa connections, and employing "cornography" - green and gold team colors, an ear-of-corn mascot named Shucks, and a bus called the Corn Dog. After a year, however, the team adopted some of the WBL's apologetic strategies, overemphasizing players' femininity and heterosexuality.


Determining Intensity Levels Of Selected Wii Fit Activities In College Aged Individuals, Joshua D. Griese, Yong Gao, Lynda Ransdell, Shawn R. Simonson 2012 U.S. Air Force

Determining Intensity Levels Of Selected Wii Fit Activities In College Aged Individuals, Joshua D. Griese, Yong Gao, Lynda Ransdell, Shawn R. Simonson

Shawn R. Simonson

To determine intensity of Nintendo Wii Fit games using indirect calorimetry. Twenty-five college students completed Wii Fit activity sessions at two difficulty levels within aerobics, strength, and yoga categories. Resting metabolic rate and exercise VO2 were measured and metabolic equivalents (METs) were calculated. Measured METs and calculated METs ranged from 2.30 ± .42 and 2.44 ± .38 for Yoga to 5.73 ± 1.36 and 6.04 ± 1.09 for aerobics, respectively. All selected Wii Fit activity intensities were significantly higher than resting, p < .001; aerobic and strength activities met the moderate intensity threshold (3 METs, p < .001), yoga activities did not (p < .005); aerobic and yoga activities of medium difficulty were more intense than the corresponding easy-rated activities (p < .005). There were no statistical differences between measured and calculated METs. Wii Fit has potential as an effective tool for helping college-age individuals increase their PA.


Determining Intensity Levels Of Selected Wii Fit Activities In College Aged Individuals, Joshua D. Griese, Yong Gao, Lynda Ransdell, Shawn R. Simonson 2012 U.S. Air Force

Determining Intensity Levels Of Selected Wii Fit Activities In College Aged Individuals, Joshua D. Griese, Yong Gao, Lynda Ransdell, Shawn R. Simonson

Yong Gao

To determine intensity of Nintendo Wii Fit games using indirect calorimetry. Twenty-five college students completed Wii Fit activity sessions at two difficulty levels within aerobics, strength, and yoga categories. Resting metabolic rate and exercise VO2 were measured and metabolic equivalents (METs) were calculated. Measured METs and calculated METs ranged from 2.30 ± .42 and 2.44 ± .38 for Yoga to 5.73 ± 1.36 and 6.04 ± 1.09 for aerobics, respectively. All selected Wii Fit activity intensities were significantly higher than resting, p < .001; aerobic and strength activities met the moderate intensity threshold (3 METs, p < .001), yoga activities ...


Determining Intensity Levels Of Selected Wii Fit Activities In College Aged Individuals, Joshua D. Griese, Yong Gao, Lynda Ransdell, Shawn R. Simonson 2012 U.S. Air Force

Determining Intensity Levels Of Selected Wii Fit Activities In College Aged Individuals, Joshua D. Griese, Yong Gao, Lynda Ransdell, Shawn R. Simonson

Kinesiology Faculty Publications and Presentations

To determine intensity of Nintendo Wii Fit games using indirect calorimetry. Twenty-five college students completed Wii Fit activity sessions at two difficulty levels within aerobics, strength, and yoga categories. Resting metabolic rate and exercise VO2 were measured and metabolic equivalents (METs) were calculated. Measured METs and calculated METs ranged from 2.30 ± .42 and 2.44 ± .38 for Yoga to 5.73 ± 1.36 and 6.04 ± 1.09 for aerobics, respectively. All selected Wii Fit activity intensities were significantly higher than resting, p < .001; aerobic and strength activities met the moderate intensity threshold (3 METs, p < .001), yoga activities did not (p < .005); aerobic and yoga activities of medium difficulty were more intense than the corresponding easy-rated activities (p < .005). There were no statistical differences between measured and calculated METs. Wii Fit has potential as an effective tool for helping college-age individuals increase their PA.


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