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Effects Of Olfactory Sense On Chocolate Craving, Michael W. Firmin, Aubrey Gillette, Taylor E. Hobbs 2016 Cedarville University

Effects Of Olfactory Sense On Chocolate Craving, Michael W. Firmin, Aubrey Gillette, Taylor E. Hobbs

Michael W. Firmin, Ph.D.

Chocolate has been referred to as one of the most socially acceptable addictions. It is one of America’s most craved foods, and women tend to crave it more frequently than men. Kemps and Tiggemann (2013) conducted an innovative experiment to reconcile the ideas of mental imagery, scent, and craving. After presenting images of sweet foods and having female undergraduate students smell a neutral scent, the researchers found that the neutral smell decreased craving for sweet foods.

In the present study, researchers sought to replicate many aspects of Kemps and Tiggemann’s design. This new study went one step further ...


Conceiving Of Contraception: St. Louis Women's Perspectives On Family Planning & Contraception, Priya Suri 2016 Washington University in St. Louis

Conceiving Of Contraception: St. Louis Women's Perspectives On Family Planning & Contraception, Priya Suri

Senior Honors Papers / Undergraduate Theses

This work highlights the stories women weave as they make their contraceptive decisions. It included their perceptions regarding cultural, religious, and economic barriers. Fifty-one women were interviewed using a semi-structured interview style of about thirty-eight questions in the South Grand St. Louis Planned Parenthood. Contraception itself was primarily thought of as a scientific technology; however, in the context of family planning, it took on social meanings that reflected preparedness in life, financial security, religious viewpoints and the ability to choose. Women expressed varying levels of religious influence. Discussing how each woman understands her own relationship with religion, God, and/or ...


Beyond The Three Delays: A Case Study Of Haiti's Maternal Health Sector, Stephanie Rapp 2016 SIT Graduation Institute

Beyond The Three Delays: A Case Study Of Haiti's Maternal Health Sector, Stephanie Rapp

Capstone Collection

This research seeks to understand how the maternal health sector in Haiti can be understood and perhaps improved through the framework of the Three Delays, developed by Thaddeus and Maine (1994). These delays are (1) the delay in the decision to seek care, (2) the delay in reaching a health facility, and (3) the delay in receiving adequate care at a health facility. The findings of this capstone strongly demonstrated that global health practitioners in Haiti often opt for technical solutions, but in fact there are numerous shadow delays preventing these solutions from taking hold and ameliorating maternal mortality. Tensions ...


Pilot Study Of A Resource-Appropriate Strategy For Downstaging Breast Cancer In Rural Uganda, Alphonsus Matovu, John R. Scheel, Picho Alli Shadrack, Renny Ssembatya, Angela Njeri, Moses Galukande, Kristen K. DeStigter 2016 Mubende Regional Referral Hospital

Pilot Study Of A Resource-Appropriate Strategy For Downstaging Breast Cancer In Rural Uganda, Alphonsus Matovu, John R. Scheel, Picho Alli Shadrack, Renny Ssembatya, Angela Njeri, Moses Galukande, Kristen K. Destigter

The Journal of Global Radiology

Breast cancer incidence and mortality are rapidly increasing in low- and middle-income countries like Uganda. Shifting the proportion of women presenting with late-stage breast cancer to early-stage breast cancer (downstaging) at the time of diagnosis would substantially improve survival and efficient use of available resources. Imaging The World (ITW) conducted a pilot study in Uganda where trained village health teams (VHTs) promoted breast cancer awareness in the Kamuli District (Uganda). As a result, 212 women with self-detected lumps presented to the community health center level III (Nawanyago HCIII) for a clinical breast examination (CBE). Patients with masses on CBE were ...


Effect Of Using Culturally Sensitive Education In Increasing Mammogram Use And Breast Cancer Awareness: African Female Immigrants, Gertrude Mumba-Kaunda 2016 Valparaiso University

Effect Of Using Culturally Sensitive Education In Increasing Mammogram Use And Breast Cancer Awareness: African Female Immigrants, Gertrude Mumba-Kaunda

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Despite the advances in medical technology, breast cancer is the most common cancer among women and is the second leading cause of death in African-American and Caucasian women in the United States. Mammography has shown to be one of the best methods to reduce late detection of breast cancer. The American Cancer Society recommends monthly self-breast examination (SBE), clinical breast examinations every 3 years, and yearly mammography starting at the age of 40. Despite the recommendations, there is still significant disparity among different racial groups, when it comes to death rates, which can be attributed to low screening rates. The ...


Effect Of An Educational Intervention For Prevention Of Std In Minority Women, Umparrys L. Witherspoon 2016 Valparaiso University

Effect Of An Educational Intervention For Prevention Of Std In Minority Women, Umparrys L. Witherspoon

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Historically, African Americans and Hispanics in the United States have been disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), as compared with non-Hispanic whites. Females continue to outnumber males with these diagnoses. Women are generally at greater risk of acquiring HIV and other STDs than men because the female genital tract is more prone to injury and infection resulting from high-risk heterosexual contact (Crepaz et al., 2009). The purpose of the evidence based project was to implement and evaluate an educational intervention for the prevention of HIV and STDs. The Health Belief Model (HBM) was ...


Lean Body Mass And Risk Of Incident Atrial Fibrillation In Post-Menopausal Women, Farnaz Azarbal, Marcia L. Stefanick, Themistocles L. Assimes, JoAnn E. Manson, Jennifer W. Bea, Wenjun Li, Mark A. Hlatky, Joseph C. Larson, Erin S. LeBlanc, Christine M. Albert, Rami Nassir, Lisa W. Martin, Marco V. Perez 2016 Stanford University

Lean Body Mass And Risk Of Incident Atrial Fibrillation In Post-Menopausal Women, Farnaz Azarbal, Marcia L. Stefanick, Themistocles L. Assimes, Joann E. Manson, Jennifer W. Bea, Wenjun Li, Mark A. Hlatky, Joseph C. Larson, Erin S. Leblanc, Christine M. Albert, Rami Nassir, Lisa W. Martin, Marco V. Perez

Wenjun Li

AIMS: High body mass index (BMI) is a risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this study was to determine whether lean body mass (LBM) predicts AF.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The Women's Health Initiative is a study of post-menopausal women aged 50-79 enrolled at 40 US centres from 1994 to 1998. A subset of 11 393 participants at three centres underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Baseline demographics and clinical histories were recorded. Incident AF was identified using hospitalization records and diagnostic codes from Medicare claims. A multivariable Cox hazard regression model adjusted for demographic and clinical risk factors ...


Psychological And Sociocultural Influences Of Current And Historical Intimate Partner Violence In Pregnancy, Cindy D. Phillips 2016 East Tennessee State Universtiy

Psychological And Sociocultural Influences Of Current And Historical Intimate Partner Violence In Pregnancy, Cindy D. Phillips

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 1.5 million women are victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) each year, and 324,000 of these women are pregnant (2013). Research on the predictability of certain factors and their relationship to current and historical IPV is limited. In order to better understand IPV as it related to a sample of 1,016 Appalachian pregnant women selected for the Tennessee Interventions for Pregnant Smokers (TIPS), it was important to evaluate various influences that may predict the prevalence of IPV in this population when compared to the State of Tennessee ...


Women And Healthcare In Appalachia: Impeding Circumstance And The Role Of Technology, Ashley Cano 2016 East Tennessee State Universtiy

Women And Healthcare In Appalachia: Impeding Circumstance And The Role Of Technology, Ashley Cano

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

For decades, healthcare access and quality in central and southern Appalachia have trailed the rest of the country. Entrenched poverty and low educational attainment compound healthcare problems. This study examines the healthcare obstacles women encounter in southern and central Appalachia and analyzes how technology use, such as Internet searching and social media affect women’s healthcare decisions. Data were analyzed from four focus groups conducted with women from the region. Results indicate that seeing a physician or not did not influence women’s propensity to search the Internet for health-related information or to seek support through social media sites. Additionally ...


Re-Traumatization Of Sexual Trauma In Women's Reproductive Health Care, Victoria S. Watson 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Re-Traumatization Of Sexual Trauma In Women's Reproductive Health Care, Victoria S. Watson

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Breastfeeding Initiation Among Women Who Have Experience With Incarceration, Natalie R. Libster 2016 College of William and Mary

Breastfeeding Initiation Among Women Who Have Experience With Incarceration, Natalie R. Libster

College of William & Mary Undergraduate Honors Theses

The psychological effects of breastfeeding may be especially beneficial to incarcerated mothers, who are an at-risk population. The current study examines factors impacting breastfeeding initiation among a sample of women who have experience with incarceration. In the first study, 117 incarcerated pregnant women participated in the William and Mary Healthy Beginnings Project, a research and intervention program that works with local correctional facilities to improve the birth outcomes of pregnant inmates. Results reveal that factors associated with incarceration, such as delivering in jail, longer duration of incarceration during pregnancy, and being shackled during delivery, significantly impacted decisions not to initiate ...


Factors Associated With African American Women’S Sexual Health And Risk Behavior: A Mixed Methods Study, Melody N. Waller 2016 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Factors Associated With African American Women’S Sexual Health And Risk Behavior: A Mixed Methods Study, Melody N. Waller

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Introduction: When looking at the health status of our nation, an examination of sexual and reproductive health reveals that there are multiple conditions related to sexual behavior posing a burden on the health of African American women (AAW). Disproportionate rates of sexually transmitted infections, unintended/teen pregnancy, and sexual violence in this group reveal the need to integrate a broader construct to address the multiple factors known to contribute to disparities in sexual and reproductive health affecting AAW. Current health promotion efforts including the encouragement of abstinence and condom use fail to address the multiple components involved in sexual health ...


Association Between First Trimester Pregnancy Associated Plasma Protein–A (Papp-A) And Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Development, Aylin Sert, Katherine Leung, Molly E. Waring, Raziel Rojas-Rodriguez, Silvia Corvera, Tiffany A. Moore Simas 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Association Between First Trimester Pregnancy Associated Plasma Protein–A (Papp-A) And Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Development, Aylin Sert, Katherine Leung, Molly E. Waring, Raziel Rojas-Rodriguez, Silvia Corvera, Tiffany A. Moore Simas

Senior Scholars Program

Background: Gestational diabetes (GDM) is a common pregnancy complication with significant cardiometabolic consequences for mothers and offspring. Previous research from our group suggests that adipose tissue IGFBP-5 and its unique metalloprotease PAPP-A (Pregnancy Associated Plasma Protein-A) may play mechanistic roles in GDM development by regulating functional IGF-1 levels and lipid storage and metabolism.

Aim: To examine the relationship between circulating PAPP-A levels and GDM development. We hypothesized that high first trimester PAPP-A levels would be associated with decreased GDM risk.

Methods: A retrospective cohort of women delivering singleton gestations at UMass Memorial Healthcare (2009, 2010, 2014 ...


The Incidence Of Malignancy And The Preoperative Assessment Of Women Undergoing Hysterectomy With Morcellation For Benign Indications, Gianna L. Wilkie, Emily Reus, Katherine G. Leung, Leslie Bradford, Mark Manning, Tiffany A. Moore Simas 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Incidence Of Malignancy And The Preoperative Assessment Of Women Undergoing Hysterectomy With Morcellation For Benign Indications, Gianna L. Wilkie, Emily Reus, Katherine G. Leung, Leslie Bradford, Mark Manning, Tiffany A. Moore Simas

Senior Scholars Program

Background: The use of power morcellation in gynecologic surgery has come under scrutiny secondary to concerns for occult malignancy dissemination. The incidence of undiagnosed gynecologic malignancy when hysterectomy performed for benign indications is not definitive but has been quoted as high as 2.7% (1:37). There is not a standard recommended preoperative evaluation, and variation is anticipated by preoperative complaint or diagnosis.

Objectives: To quantify the malignancy incidence in women undergoing hysterectomy for benign indications and to compare the preoperative evaluation of patients undergoing hysterectomy with and without morcellation.

Methods: Retrospective cohort of women undergoing hysterectomies between October 2007 ...


The Future Of Teratology Research Is In Vitro, Jarrod Bailey, Andrew Knight, Jonathan Balcombe 2016 University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne

The Future Of Teratology Research Is In Vitro, Jarrod Bailey, Andrew Knight, Jonathan Balcombe

Andrew Knight, BSc (Vet Biol), BVMS, MANZCVS, DipECAWBM (AWSEL), DACAW, PhD, MRCVS, SFHEA

Birth defects induced by maternal exposure to exogenous agents during pregnancy are preventable, if the agents themselves can be identified and avoided. Billions of dollars and manhours have been dedicated to animal-based discovery and characterisation methods over decades. We show here, via a comprehensive systematic review and analysis of this data, that these methods constitute questionable science and pose a hazard to humans. Mean positive and negative predictivities barely exceed 50%; discordance among the species used is substantial; reliable extrapolation from animal data to humans is impossible, and virtually all known human teratogens have so far been identified in spite ...


Effects Of Olfactory Sense On Chocolate Craving, Michael W. Firmin, Aubrey Gillette, Taylor E. Hobbs 2016 Cedarville University

Effects Of Olfactory Sense On Chocolate Craving, Michael W. Firmin, Aubrey Gillette, Taylor E. Hobbs

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Chocolate has been referred to as one of the most socially acceptable addictions. It is one of America’s most craved foods, and women tend to crave it more frequently than men. Kemps and Tiggemann (2013) conducted an innovative experiment to reconcile the ideas of mental imagery, scent, and craving. After presenting images of sweet foods and having female undergraduate students smell a neutral scent, the researchers found that the neutral smell decreased craving for sweet foods.

In the present study, researchers sought to replicate many aspects of Kemps and Tiggemann’s design. This new study went one step further ...


The Presence Of Stem Cells In Human Breast Milk And Research Implications, Melody (Brooke) Peterson 2016 Liberty University

The Presence Of Stem Cells In Human Breast Milk And Research Implications, Melody (Brooke) Peterson

Senior Honors Theses

Stem cell therapy research is an expanding area of study as stem cell therapy is believed to have the potential to provide treatment options for numerous disease processes. Currently, embryonic stem cell research is the method of choice to evaluate the potential for stem cell therapy. The use of human embryos for stem cell research raises moral and ethical controversies. Stem cells are found in a variety of mediums, but until the recent discovery of stem cells in human breast milk, the most versatile stem cells have been those found in the human embryo. Human breast milk stem cells could ...


The Construct And Predictive Validity Of Psychosocial Correlates Of Television Viewing, Raheem Paxton, Pascal Jean-Pierre, Saehwan Park, Yong Gao Dr., Stephen Herrmann, G J. Norman 2016 University of North Texas Health Science Center

The Construct And Predictive Validity Of Psychosocial Correlates Of Television Viewing, Raheem Paxton, Pascal Jean-Pierre, Saehwan Park, Yong Gao Dr., Stephen Herrmann, G J. Norman

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Background: Many studies have examined the consequences of prolonged television viewing, but few studies have examined the psychological states that contribute to this behavior. In this study, we evaluated the construct and predictive validity of psychosocial correlates of television viewing in a population of African American (AA) breast cancer survivors (BCS).

Methods: AA BCS (N = 342, Mean age = 54 years) completed measures of decisional balance, self-efficacy, family support, and time spent watching television online. Exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) was used to examine the construct and predictive validity as well as the differential item functioning of the instruments among population ...


Conservative Surgery Of Breast Cancer In Women; Psychological Benefits, Razvan V. Scaunasu MD, Traean Burcoș, Ștefan Voiculescu, Bogdan A. Popescu, Șerban V. Bertesteanu, Oana-Denisa Bălălău, Nicolae Bacalbasa, Cristian Bălălău 2016 Colțea Clinical Hospital, Department of Surgery

Conservative Surgery Of Breast Cancer In Women; Psychological Benefits, Razvan V. Scaunasu Md, Traean Burcoș, Ștefan Voiculescu, Bogdan A. Popescu, Șerban V. Bertesteanu, Oana-Denisa Bălălău, Nicolae Bacalbasa, Cristian Bălălău

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Breast surgery was one of the most dynamic fields of medicine which benefited from significant progress during the last decades. The transition from aggressive and mutilating amputations to conservative, oncoplastic and reconstructive techniques has been constant, offering improved and rewarding results, viewed from both, oncological and aesthetical perspectives.

Conservative techniques, especially those which preserve the nipple areola complex, are followed by improved patient’s perception of their body image, confidence and sexuality, with the only drawback of increased anxiety linked to recurrence risk.


Functional Impairment And Changes In Depression Subtypes For Women In Star*D: A Latent Transition Analysis, Christine Ulbricht, Anthony Rothschild, Kate Lapane 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Functional Impairment And Changes In Depression Subtypes For Women In Star*D: A Latent Transition Analysis, Christine Ulbricht, Anthony Rothschild, Kate Lapane

Anthony J. Rothschild

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the association between functional impairment and major depression subtypes at baseline and to characterize changes in subtypes by functional impairment level in women receiving citalopram in level 1 of the Sequenced Treatment Alternatives to Relieve Depression trial.

METHOD: Women who completed baseline and week 12 study visits were included. Items from the self-reported Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology were used to define the latent depression subtypes. The Work and Social Adjustment Scale was used to classify baseline functional impairment. A latent transition analysis model provided estimates of the prevalence of subtype membership and transition probabilities by functional ...


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