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Women’S Sexual Fantasies In Context: The Emotional Content Of Sexual Fantasies, Psychological And Interpersonal Distress, And Satisfaction In Romantic Relationships, Sarah Constantine 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Women’S Sexual Fantasies In Context: The Emotional Content Of Sexual Fantasies, Psychological And Interpersonal Distress, And Satisfaction In Romantic Relationships, Sarah Constantine

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Background: Psychoanalytic thinkers propose that aspects of an individual’s sexual fantasies are related to her psychological and interpersonal functioning. The present study aims to elucidate the significance of sexual fantasies with respect to women’s emotional and interpersonal lives. The study evaluated a model, which hypothesized that internal representations of self and others (e.g. attachment security, maturity of object relations) along with psychological and interpersonal factors would predict both the emotional content (guilt, fear, affection) of written sexual fantasy narratives, and overall romantic satisfaction in heterosexual women. Methods: Five hundred and thirty four women completed self-report questionnaires online ...


The Fight Against Breast Cancer: A Policy And Programmatic Approach, Nandi Robinson 2017 The University of San Francisco

The Fight Against Breast Cancer: A Policy And Programmatic Approach, Nandi Robinson

Master's Projects and Capstones

Abstract

Breast cancer continues to remain a significant health issue for women. Previously thought to only occur among postmenopausal women, breast cancer has impacted women of different ages; and rates of breast cancer have various impacts among different ethnic groups. For women living in a toxic environment, many of them have become the new wave of breast cancer cases. Screening and detection have succeeded in decreasing mortality rates. However, more research is needed in finding an efficient method of treatment. In the effort to assist in the fight against breast cancer through a policy and programmatic angle, I am fulfilling ...


Public Health Research Priorities To Address Us Human Trafficking, Emily F. Rothman, Hanni Stoklosa, Susie B. Baldwin, Makini Chisolm-Straker, Rumi Kato Price, Holly G. Atkinson 2017 Boston University

Public Health Research Priorities To Address Us Human Trafficking, Emily F. Rothman, Hanni Stoklosa, Susie B. Baldwin, Makini Chisolm-Straker, Rumi Kato Price, Holly G. Atkinson

Publications and Research

In this Perspective, HEAL Trafficking, the nation's leading public health anti-trafficking organization maps out a national research agenda to tackle the problem of human trafficking. Given the paucity of research on trafficking, HEAL Trafficking engaged its membership in a consensus development process throughout 2016 to develop its national research agenda. HEAL Trafficking proposes five priorities that public health researchers should focus on in the decade ahead to make meaningful progress on preventing and responding to human trafficking in the Unites States.


Health Initiatives By Indigenous People In Australia, Stephanie Clark 2017 Selected Works

Health Initiatives By Indigenous People In Australia, Stephanie Clark

Stephanie Clark

No abstract provided.


Change In Physical Activity And Sitting Time After Myocardial Infarction And Mortality Among Postmenopausal Women In The Women's Health Initiative-Observational Study, Anna M. Gorczyca, Charles Eaton, Michael J. Lamonte, JoAnn E. Manson, Jeanne D. Johnston, Aurelian Bidulescu, Molly E. Waring, Todd Manini, Lisa W. Martin, Marcia L. Stefanick, Ka He, Andrea K. Chomistek 2017 The University of Kansas Medical Center

Change In Physical Activity And Sitting Time After Myocardial Infarction And Mortality Among Postmenopausal Women In The Women's Health Initiative-Observational Study, Anna M. Gorczyca, Charles Eaton, Michael J. Lamonte, Joann E. Manson, Jeanne D. Johnston, Aurelian Bidulescu, Molly E. Waring, Todd Manini, Lisa W. Martin, Marcia L. Stefanick, Ka He, Andrea K. Chomistek

Molly E. Waring

BACKGROUND: How physical activity (PA) and sitting time may change after first myocardial infarction (MI) and the association with mortality in postmenopausal women is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants included postmenopausal women in the Women's Health Initiative-Observational Study, aged 50 to 79 years who experienced a clinical MI during the study. This analysis included 856 women who had adequate data on PA exposure and 533 women for sitting time exposures. Sitting time was self-reported at baseline, year 3, and year 6. Self-reported PA was reported at baseline through year 8. Change in PA and sitting time were calculated as ...


History Of Periodontitis Diagnosis And Edentulism As Predictors Of Cardiovascular Disease, Stroke, And Mortality In Postmenopausal Women, Michael J. LaMonte, Robert J. Genco, Kathleen M. Hovey, Robert B. Wallace, Jo L. Freudenheim, Dominique S. Michaud, Xiaodan Mai, Lesley Tinker, Christian R. Salazar, Christopher A. Andrews, Wenjun Li, Charles Eaton, Lisa W. Martin, Jean Wactawski-Wende 2017 SUNY University at Buffalo

History Of Periodontitis Diagnosis And Edentulism As Predictors Of Cardiovascular Disease, Stroke, And Mortality In Postmenopausal Women, Michael J. Lamonte, Robert J. Genco, Kathleen M. Hovey, Robert B. Wallace, Jo L. Freudenheim, Dominique S. Michaud, Xiaodan Mai, Lesley Tinker, Christian R. Salazar, Christopher A. Andrews, Wenjun Li, Charles Eaton, Lisa W. Martin, Jean Wactawski-Wende

Wenjun Li

BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported associations between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in older women, which is the objective of the present investigation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants were 57 001 postmenopausal women ages 55 to 89 years (mean 68 years; > 85% 60 and older) who were enrolled (1993-1998) in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study, and were without known CVD when history of periodontitis and edentulism was assessed by questionnaire at study Year-5 (1998-2003). There were 3589 incident CVD events and 3816 total deaths during a mean follow-up of 6.7 years. In multivariable analysis, periodontitis was not ...


An Open Conversation With Traditional Birth Attendants In Rural Uganda: The Potential For Collaborative Care, Elizabeth D. Yuan, Anjuli R. Cherukuri, Renny Ssembatya, Magdalena R. Naylor, Kristen K. DeStigter 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

An Open Conversation With Traditional Birth Attendants In Rural Uganda: The Potential For Collaborative Care, Elizabeth D. Yuan, Anjuli R. Cherukuri, Renny Ssembatya, Magdalena R. Naylor, Kristen K. Destigter

The Journal of Global Radiology

Background: Imaging the World-Africa (ITWA) is a registered non-governmental organization aimed at distributing low-cost ultrasound services at health centres in rural Uganda. Yet, studies demonstrate that the majority of mothers continue to deliver with unregulated traditional birth attendants (TBAs) in their local villages. It has been suggested that the unregulated practices of TBAs has contributed to the high rate of maternal and fetal mortality. A greater understanding of the roles of TBAs in the management of pregnancy and delivery is needed.

Purpose: The purpose of this report is to provide the international community with a greater understanding of TBA practices ...


Predictors Of Gestational Weight Gain Among White And Latina Women And Associations With Birth Weight, Milagros C. Rosal, Monica L. Wang, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jamie S. Bodenlos, Sybil L. Crawford, Katherine Leung, Heather Z. Sankey 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Predictors Of Gestational Weight Gain Among White And Latina Women And Associations With Birth Weight, Milagros C. Rosal, Monica L. Wang, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jamie S. Bodenlos, Sybil L. Crawford, Katherine Leung, Heather Z. Sankey

Tiffany A. Moore Simas

This study examined racial/ethnic differences in gestational weight gain (GWG) predictors and association of first-trimester GWG to overall GWG among 271 White women and 300 Latina women. Rates of within-guideline GWG were higher among Latinas than among Whites (28.7% versus 24.4%, p < 0.016). Adjusted odds of above-guideline GWG were higher among prepregnancy overweight (OR = 3.4, CI = 1.8-6.5) and obese (OR = 4.5, CI = 2.3-9.0) women than among healthy weight women and among women with above-guideline first-trimester GWG than among those with within-guideline first-trimester GWG (OR = 4.9, CI = 2.8-8.8). GWG was positively associated with neonate birth size (p < 0.001). Interventions targeting prepregnancy overweight or obese women and those with excessive first-trimester GWG are needed.


Predictors Of Gestational Weight Gain Among White And Latina Women And Associations With Birth Weight, Milagros C. Rosal, Monica L. Wang, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jamie S. Bodenlos, Sybil L. Crawford, Katherine Leung, Heather Z. Sankey 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Predictors Of Gestational Weight Gain Among White And Latina Women And Associations With Birth Weight, Milagros C. Rosal, Monica L. Wang, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jamie S. Bodenlos, Sybil L. Crawford, Katherine Leung, Heather Z. Sankey

Milagros C. Rosal

This study examined racial/ethnic differences in gestational weight gain (GWG) predictors and association of first-trimester GWG to overall GWG among 271 White women and 300 Latina women. Rates of within-guideline GWG were higher among Latinas than among Whites (28.7% versus 24.4%, p < 0.016). Adjusted odds of above-guideline GWG were higher among prepregnancy overweight (OR = 3.4, CI = 1.8-6.5) and obese (OR = 4.5, CI = 2.3-9.0) women than among healthy weight women and among women with above-guideline first-trimester GWG than among those with within-guideline first-trimester GWG (OR = 4.9, CI = 2.8-8.8). GWG was positively associated with neonate birth size (p < 0.001). Interventions targeting prepregnancy overweight or obese women and those with excessive first-trimester GWG are needed.


Predictors Of Gestational Weight Gain Among White And Latina Women And Associations With Birth Weight, Milagros C. Rosal, Monica L. Wang, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jamie S. Bodenlos, Sybil L. Crawford, Katherine Leung, Heather Z. Sankey 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Predictors Of Gestational Weight Gain Among White And Latina Women And Associations With Birth Weight, Milagros C. Rosal, Monica L. Wang, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Jamie S. Bodenlos, Sybil L. Crawford, Katherine Leung, Heather Z. Sankey

Sybil L. Crawford

This study examined racial/ethnic differences in gestational weight gain (GWG) predictors and association of first-trimester GWG to overall GWG among 271 White women and 300 Latina women. Rates of within-guideline GWG were higher among Latinas than among Whites (28.7% versus 24.4%, p < 0.016). Adjusted odds of above-guideline GWG were higher among prepregnancy overweight (OR = 3.4, CI = 1.8-6.5) and obese (OR = 4.5, CI = 2.3-9.0) women than among healthy weight women and among women with above-guideline first-trimester GWG than among those with within-guideline first-trimester GWG (OR = 4.9, CI = 2.8-8.8 ...


Frequency And Characteristics Of Breast Lymphomas Presenting To A Tertiary Care Hospital, Pakistan, Nausheen Yaqoob, Shahid Pervez, Naila Kayani, Rashida Ahmed, Zubair Ahmed, Sheema Hasan 2017 Aga Khan University

Frequency And Characteristics Of Breast Lymphomas Presenting To A Tertiary Care Hospital, Pakistan, Nausheen Yaqoob, Shahid Pervez, Naila Kayani, Rashida Ahmed, Zubair Ahmed, Sheema Hasan

Rashida Ahmed

Objective: To assess the relative frequency of (primary and secondary) mammary lymphomas presenting to a tertiary care hospital, Pakistan and its categorization according to WHO classification of lymphoid neoplasms. Methods: All NHLs (nodal and extra nodal) diagnosed in the section of histopathology during 1992-2004 were retrieved and reviewed. All patients (n=30) diagnosed with lymphomatous involvement of the breast were selected. Distinction between primary and secondary breast lymphomas was not made owing to lack of availability of clinical information. Results: A total of 5637 breast malignancies were diagnosed in our department during the study period of 10 years and the ...


Empowering Women Health Care Providers In Rural Tibet, Jampa Xiangbalacuo 2017 SIT Graduate Institute

Empowering Women Health Care Providers In Rural Tibet, Jampa Xiangbalacuo

Capstone Collection

This paper begins with an understanding the issue of healthcare in Tibet, in particularly, women’s access to quality of healthcare and leadership has been denied due to their political, economic and social rights. Therefore, Tibetan women are dying from all preventable causes. This paper presents specifically an overview of the Pende Clinic, in rural Tibet, and its contextual information as a preliminary data that are gathered through interviews and observations in Tibet. It follows with a purpose to incorporate the process of women’s empowerment in the healthcare system. A number of studies of empowerment are analyzed in-depth and ...


Putting Care Back Into "Health Care:" An Analysis Of The Place Of Community Health Workers Within The U.S. Health Care System, Megan Schowalter 2017 University of Puget Sound

Putting Care Back Into "Health Care:" An Analysis Of The Place Of Community Health Workers Within The U.S. Health Care System, Megan Schowalter

Honors Program Theses

This paper explores who a Community Health Worker (CHW) is and contextualizes the social, political, and historical factors that allowed for the growth of CHWs within the primary health care sector in the U.S. It analyzes how CHWs perceive their own roles and responsibilities within the U.S. health system as a means of highlighting the gap within health care services and the influence of Social Determinants of Health (SDH) on well-being. The second part of this paper relates CHWs to scholarship by medical anthropologist Paul Farmer and public health scholar Alicia Yamin concerning pathologies of power and the ...


Do Marketing Strategies Impact Condom Sales In Uganda?, Meyhar Mohammed 2017 The University of San Francisco

Do Marketing Strategies Impact Condom Sales In Uganda?, Meyhar Mohammed

Master's Theses

What attracts people to buy condoms? HIV/AIDS remain one of the biggest health dangers of the world, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. A lot of efforts have been pursued in the past two decades to drastically reduce prevalence of HIV and increase awareness about preventive mechanisms. In order to prevent relapse of success achieved so far, it is important to recognize transformation of consumer behavior due to growth in social networks, education and awareness over time. There are a lot of behavioral triggers captured by social marketing interventions in the field of public health. In an attempt to investigate the ...


Paying It Forward: Training Doulas As A Form Of Reintegration And Support For Communities Of Color, Sandra E. Luna-Martinez 2017 The University of San Francisco

Paying It Forward: Training Doulas As A Form Of Reintegration And Support For Communities Of Color, Sandra E. Luna-Martinez

Master's Projects and Capstones

As part of the birth justice movement in Alameda County, Roots of Labor Birth Collective (RLBC) is committed to support, empower and care for birthing members of the community. RLBC works to empower people of color with education and tools to have healthy babies and positive birth experiences regardless of their: gender, size, sexuality, orientation, culture or family structure. Healthy families begin with healthy communities and with that in mind, RLBC decided to tackle two major public health issues at once: recidivism and poor birth outcomes in communities of color. Doula training is not just an intervention to improve birth ...


Change In Physical Activity And Sitting Time After Myocardial Infarction And Mortality Among Postmenopausal Women In The Women's Health Initiative-Observational Study, Anna M. Gorczyca, Charles Eaton, Michael J. Lamonte, JoAnn E. Manson, Jeanne D. Johnston, Aurelian Bidulescu, Molly E. Waring, Todd Manini, Lisa W. Martin, Marcia L. Stefanick, Ka He, Andrea K. Chomistek 2017 The University of Kansas Medical Center

Change In Physical Activity And Sitting Time After Myocardial Infarction And Mortality Among Postmenopausal Women In The Women's Health Initiative-Observational Study, Anna M. Gorczyca, Charles Eaton, Michael J. Lamonte, Joann E. Manson, Jeanne D. Johnston, Aurelian Bidulescu, Molly E. Waring, Todd Manini, Lisa W. Martin, Marcia L. Stefanick, Ka He, Andrea K. Chomistek

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: How physical activity (PA) and sitting time may change after first myocardial infarction (MI) and the association with mortality in postmenopausal women is unknown.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants included postmenopausal women in the Women's Health Initiative-Observational Study, aged 50 to 79 years who experienced a clinical MI during the study. This analysis included 856 women who had adequate data on PA exposure and 533 women for sitting time exposures. Sitting time was self-reported at baseline, year 3, and year 6. Self-reported PA was reported at baseline through year 8. Change in PA and sitting time were calculated as ...


Relationships Of Weight-Related Dissatisfaction, Body Image Flexibility, And Coping In Women, Pooja Shah 2017 Stephen F. Austin State University

Relationships Of Weight-Related Dissatisfaction, Body Image Flexibility, And Coping In Women, Pooja Shah

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: The present study examined the relationships between body image flexibility, body image dissatisfaction, body image evaluation, and specific coping factors based on the WEIGHTCOPE measure. Body image flexibility was also examined as a mediator of the relationship between body image dissatisfaction and weight-related coping factors in women. Methods: An online link of the survey (Qualtrics Research Software Program) was distributed through social media and word of mouth to women of all body shapes and sizes (N= 267). The survey included the BICS as a measure of body image dissatisfaction, the MBSR (AE) as a measure of body image evaluation ...


Obstacles For The Implementation Of Fertility And Family Planning Initiatives In Post Conflict Rwanda, Elizabeth Cave, Dakota Wayne 2017 University of Wyoming

Obstacles For The Implementation Of Fertility And Family Planning Initiatives In Post Conflict Rwanda, Elizabeth Cave, Dakota Wayne

Honors Theses AY 16/17

Increased measures by the State government to educate people on Family Planning and to provide access to contraceptives has had promising results in many countries in reducing poverty and raising the standard of living. However, it remains unclear whether these measures can have similar results in a post-conflict setting. Rwanda is the ideal setting to study these questions. The horrible genocide that occurred in Rwanda had a dramatic effect on the population in terms of infrastructure, fertility rates, and trust in the government. As the country is the most populous in the African continent as well as the site of ...


Mujeres Fuertes Y Corazones Saludables: Adaptation Of The Strongwomen—Healthy Hearts (Swhh) Program For Rural Latinas Using An Intervention Mapping Approach, Christie L. Jackson, Cynthia K. Perry, Jean McCalmont, Emma Solanki, Rebecca Seguin, Judy P. Ward, Hannah-Dulya K. Menelas 2017 Portland State University

Mujeres Fuertes Y Corazones Saludables: Adaptation Of The Strongwomen—Healthy Hearts (Swhh) Program For Rural Latinas Using An Intervention Mapping Approach, Christie L. Jackson, Cynthia K. Perry, Jean Mccalmont, Emma Solanki, Rebecca Seguin, Judy P. Ward, Hannah-Dulya K. Menelas

Student Research Symposium

Objectives: To adapt Strong Women, Healthy Hearts (SWHH), an evidence-based physical activity and nutrition program to reflect the needs of rural Latinas.

Methods: Using a community-based participatory approach and an intervention mapping process, we partnered with a community advisory board of rural Latinas to identify and adapt a nutrition and physical activity program. A needs assessment and a logic model determined which program best aligned with community objectives and most fit for adaptation. SWHH was adapted; using feedback from the community advisory board to reflect the community’s culture, resources, and needs. We collaborated with one of developers of SWHH ...


Changes In The Inflammatory Potential Of Diet Over Time And Risk Of Colorectal Cancer In Postmenopausal Women, Fred K. Tabung, Susan E. Steck, Yunsheng Ma, Angela D. Liese, Jiajia Zhang, Dorothy S. Lane, Gloria Y. Ho F, Lifang Hou, Linda Snetselaar, Judith K. Ockene, James R. Hebert 2017 Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health

Changes In The Inflammatory Potential Of Diet Over Time And Risk Of Colorectal Cancer In Postmenopausal Women, Fred K. Tabung, Susan E. Steck, Yunsheng Ma, Angela D. Liese, Jiajia Zhang, Dorothy S. Lane, Gloria Y. Ho F, Lifang Hou, Linda Snetselaar, Judith K. Ockene, James R. Hebert

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

We examined the associations between changes in dietary inflammatory potential and risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in 87,042 postmenopausal women recruited from 1993-1998 into the Women's Health Initiative. Food frequency questionnaire data were used to compute patterns of change in dietary inflammatory index (DII) scores and cumulative average DII scores over 3 years. Cox regression models were used to estimate hazard ratios for CRC risk. After a median 16.2 years follow-up, 1,038 CRC cases were diagnosed. DII changes were not substantially associated with overall CRC, but proximal colon cancer risk was higher in the pro-inflammatory change ...


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