Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Women's Health Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,192 Full-Text Articles 4,744 Authors 270,191 Downloads 182 Institutions

All Articles in Women's Health

Faceted Search

2,192 full-text articles. Page 1 of 91.

Effect Of Cannabidiol And ∆9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Concentration On Breast Cancer Cell Viability, Dorothy Achiaa Agyemang 2020 University of Northern Colorado

Effect Of Cannabidiol And ∆9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Concentration On Breast Cancer Cell Viability, Dorothy Achiaa Agyemang

Ursidae: The Undergraduate Research Journal at the University of Northern Colorado

-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are phytocannabinoids that have a potential impact in cancer treatments. Studies have shown that certain cannabinoids cause cancer cells to die, but only with selective concentrations, which have not been well documented. The first study of this thesis was to determine the exact concentration of CBD and THC needed to kill human MCF-7 breast cancer cells rather than create mass multiplication leading to more growth of the cancer. To conduct this experiment, cell culture was performed with a MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. The treatment groups were treated with CBD or THC at varying concentrations ...


Hello, I’M Fat: Finding Myself In A Hulu Original, Mac Clark 2020 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Hello, I’M Fat: Finding Myself In A Hulu Original, Mac Clark

Student Works

My first relationship happened when I was 18. We matched on Tinder and spent the following month doing everything people in relationships do, just without the label. This casual mindset was not my choice, and neither was the constant feeling of disappointment. I yearned to be respected; I knew it wasn’t right for him to sleep through our dates nor return my texts for days at a time. I wanted a real relationship, one where I wouldn’t have to beg for clarity, but as a fat, young woman, I believed this lesser form of relationship was my only ...


Reviewers Acknowledgment, Jillian Inouye PhD 2020 University of Hawaii at Manoa

Reviewers Acknowledgment, Jillian Inouye Phd

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

No abstract provided.


What Works In Mindfulness Interventions For Medically Unexplained Symptoms? : A Systematic Review, Ruel Billones, Nada Lukkahatai, Leorey Saligan 2020 National Instiute of Nursing Research, NIH

What Works In Mindfulness Interventions For Medically Unexplained Symptoms? : A Systematic Review, Ruel Billones, Nada Lukkahatai, Leorey Saligan

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Background/Purpose: Mindfulness Based Interventions (MBIs) have been used in medically unexplained symptoms (MUS). This systematic review describes the literature investigating the general effect of MBIs on MUS and identifies the effects of specific MBIs on specific MUS conditions.

Methods:The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis Guidelines (PRISMA) and the modified Oxford Quality Scoring System (Jadad Score) were applied to the review, yielding an initial 1,556 articles. The search engines included PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, Scopus, EMBASE and PsychINFO using the search terms: mindfulness, or mediations, or mindful or MBCT or MBSR and medically unexplained ...


How Do Acculturation, Maternal Connectedness, And Mother-Daughter Sexual Communication Affect Asian American Daughters’ Sexual Initiation, BoRam Kim, Yurun Cai, Teri Aronowitz 2020 University of Massachusetts Boston

How Do Acculturation, Maternal Connectedness, And Mother-Daughter Sexual Communication Affect Asian American Daughters’ Sexual Initiation, Boram Kim, Yurun Cai, Teri Aronowitz

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Purpose: There was a growth of approximately ten million Asian Americans individuals in the United States between 2000-2015. Asian Americans have conservative values surrounding sexual health and sexual communication is a cultural taboo. Researchers have shown discrepancies on whether the level of acculturation influences Asian mother-daughter sexual communication. In other minority populations there is evidence that a connected mother-daughter relationship increases sexual communication and delays sexual initiation. The purpose of this study was to examine whether mother-daughter connectedness and level of acculturation predict sexual communication in turn affecting the age of female Asian emerging adult’s sexual initiation.

Methods: This ...


Building Safe Didactic Dialogues For Action Model: Mobilizing Community With Micronesian Islanders, Connie K. Y. Nguyen-Truong Dr., Jacqueline Leung Dr., Kapiolani Micky, Jennifer I. Nevers 2020 Washington State University College of Nursing in Vancouver

Building Safe Didactic Dialogues For Action Model: Mobilizing Community With Micronesian Islanders, Connie K. Y. Nguyen-Truong Dr., Jacqueline Leung Dr., Kapiolani Micky, Jennifer I. Nevers

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Background: Despite mandates by the United States (U.S.) government to ensure the inclusion of women and minorities in federally funded research, communities of color continue to participate less frequently than non-Latinx Whites. There is limited research that examines maternal health outcomes and early childhood resources. PI have grown substantially in a county in the Pacific Northwest region of the U.S. (from 4,419 to 9,248, of which 52% are female). About 62.7% of PI women are not accessing prenatal care in the first trimester, and this is substantially higher than the national target of 22.1 ...


Barriers To Maternal Retention In Hiv Care In Ghana: Key Differences During Pregnancy And The Postpartum Period., Kwame S. Sakyi, Margaret Y. Lartey, Caitlin E. Kennedy, Julie A. Dension, Luke C. Mullany, Prince G. Owusu, Emma Sacks, Emily A. Hurley, Pamela J. Surkan 2020 Children's Mercy Hospital

Barriers To Maternal Retention In Hiv Care In Ghana: Key Differences During Pregnancy And The Postpartum Period., Kwame S. Sakyi, Margaret Y. Lartey, Caitlin E. Kennedy, Julie A. Dension, Luke C. Mullany, Prince G. Owusu, Emma Sacks, Emily A. Hurley, Pamela J. Surkan

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Maternal retention in HIV care is lower for women in the postpartum period than during pregnancy, but the reasons are poorly understood. We examined key differences in barriers to retention in HIV care during and after pregnancy.

METHODS: We conducted semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 30 postpartum women living with HIV. Participants were recruited from two tertiary facilities implementing Option B+ for prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission in Accra, Ghana. We collected data from mothers who had disengaged from HIV care and those who were still engaged in care. The interviews were analyzed using principles adapted from grounded theory.

RESULTS ...


Impact Of Parity On Gait Biomechanics, Bekah P. Stein 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Impact Of Parity On Gait Biomechanics, Bekah P. Stein

Masters Theses

IMPACT OF PARITY ON GAIT BIOMCECHANICS

MAY 2020

BEKAH P. STEIN, B.A., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AMHERST

M.A., UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AMHERST

Directed by: Professor Katherine A. Boyer

Background: Symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) is an incurable condition that affects nearly 50% of adults, and women are twice as likely as men to develop OA. Throughout pregnancy, women experience large changes in morphology and gait mechanics, as well as changes in joint loading. It is possible these adaptations could cause lasting changes postpartum, which may potentially contribute to initiation of OA, thereby increasing the overall risk of OA for women ...


Not Intelligent: Encoding Gender Bias, Cara Tenenbaum 2020 University of Minnesota Law School

Not Intelligent: Encoding Gender Bias, Cara Tenenbaum

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology

No abstract provided.


Assessing Mobile Phone Access, Usage, And Willingness Among Women To Receive Voice Message-Based Mobile Health Intervention To Improve Antenatal Care Attendance In District Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan, Anam Feroz, Naureen Akber Ali, Sarah Saleem 2020 Aga Khan University

Assessing Mobile Phone Access, Usage, And Willingness Among Women To Receive Voice Message-Based Mobile Health Intervention To Improve Antenatal Care Attendance In District Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan, Anam Feroz, Naureen Akber Ali, Sarah Saleem

Community Health Sciences

Background: Pakistan has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios worldwide at 276/100,000 live births and only 51% percent of women receive four or more ANC visits. This means that there are missed opportunities for almost half of the women who were not able to seek the recommended antenatal visits. In Thatta district, the maternal mortality ratio is estimated at 313/100,000 live births. Various studies reported that mHealth interventions have proven to be effective to improve antenatal care and postnatal care services. However, the feasibility and effectiveness of mobile health interventions to increase uptake of preventive ...


Food Supplements To Reduce Stunting In Pakistan: A Process Evaluation Of Community Dynamics Shaping Uptake, Shehla Zaidi, Jai K. Das, Gul Nawaz Khan, Rabia Najmi Taha, Mashal Murad Shah, Sajid Bashir Soofi 2020 Aga Khan University

Food Supplements To Reduce Stunting In Pakistan: A Process Evaluation Of Community Dynamics Shaping Uptake, Shehla Zaidi, Jai K. Das, Gul Nawaz Khan, Rabia Najmi Taha, Mashal Murad Shah, Sajid Bashir Soofi

Community Health Sciences

Background: There is an increasing interest in use of food supplements to prevent childhood stunting, however the evidence on the process indicators is scarce. We in this study explore the barriers to the effective implementation of food supplementation programs and the possible mitigation strategies which can guide the design of future programs.
Methods: We undertook a process evaluation of a stunting prevention food supplementation pilot program in rural Pakistan that distributed Wheat Soy Blend (WSB) to pregnant & lactating women, and Lipid-based Nutrient Supplement (LNS) and micronutrient powder (MNP) to < 5 years children. We used a mixed methods approach through a quantitative survey of 800 households and conducted 18 focused group discussion (FGDs) (with male and female caregivers), 4 FGDs (with Community Health Workers (CHWs)) and 22 key informant interviews (with district stakeholders) to evaluate the community side factors affecting uptake through five parameters: value, acceptability, receipt of supplement, usage and correct dosage.
Results: The findings show that proportionately few beneficiaries consumed the full ...


Strengthening The Evidence Base For Telehealth For Abortion Service Delivery, Nadi Kaonga 2020 Maine Medical Center

Strengthening The Evidence Base For Telehealth For Abortion Service Delivery, Nadi Kaonga

Journal of Maine Medical Center

Telehealth – which is the use of information and communication technology to provide clinical services to patients remotely – provides an opportunity to extend safe abortion services to women. A recent review article on telehealth for abortion service delivery found it to be acceptable, feasible and safe when compared to in-person service delivery. Despite the promising findings, the evidence base can and should be strengthened to optimize the impact of such services for women. Areas for improvement include evaluating the efficacy and effectiveness of telehealth implementations in more remote settings and with women across variable levels of technoliteracy, conducting cost-effectiveness analyses and ...


Evaluation Of Geographic Disparities In Cervical Cancer Survival Across Maine, Kaylee Underkofler, Jason Lachance 2020 University of Rochester Medical Center

Evaluation Of Geographic Disparities In Cervical Cancer Survival Across Maine, Kaylee Underkofler, Jason Lachance

Journal of Maine Medical Center

Introduction. National data exists suggesting the existence of geographic disparities in oncology care within the United States. It is unknown whether geographic disparities present a problem for women with gynecologic malignancies locally in Maine.

Methods. Data for each cervical cancer case diagnosed or treated under the MaineHealth system between 2007 and 2011 were acquired from the MaineHealth Network Registry. Average annual incidence and 5-year survival were calculated for each county in Maine and were mapped using geographic information systems (GIS) software. Next, cases were divided into 2 groups: those residing less than or equal to 60 miles from the sole ...


Delivering Water, Sanitation And Hygiene Interventions To Women And Children In Conflict Settings: A Systematic Review, Daina Als, Sarah Meteke, Marianne Stefopulos, Michelle F. Gaffey, Mahdis Kamali, Mariella Munyuzangabo, Shailja Shah, Reena P. Jain, Amruta Radhakrishnan, Fahad J. Siddiqui, Anushka Ataullahjan, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta 2020 Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Delivering Water, Sanitation And Hygiene Interventions To Women And Children In Conflict Settings: A Systematic Review, Daina Als, Sarah Meteke, Marianne Stefopulos, Michelle F. Gaffey, Mahdis Kamali, Mariella Munyuzangabo, Shailja Shah, Reena P. Jain, Amruta Radhakrishnan, Fahad J. Siddiqui, Anushka Ataullahjan, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Woman and Child Health

Background: Access to safe water and sanitation facilities and the adoption of effective hygiene practices are fundamental to reducing maternal and child morbidity and mortality globally. In armed conflict settings, inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) infrastructure poses major health risks for women and children. This review aimed to synthesise the existing information on WASH interventions being delivered to women and children in conflict settings in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) and to identify the personnel, sites and platforms being used to deliver such interventions.
Methods: We conducted a systematic search for publications indexed in four databases, and grey literature ...


Building Assets For Humanitarian Settings, Women's Refugee Commission, Population Council 2020 Population Council

Building Assets For Humanitarian Settings, Women's Refugee Commission, Population Council

Poverty, Gender, and Youth

This document is the Women’s Refugee Commission and the Population Council’s adaptation of the Building Assets Toolkit and its core activity, the Asset Exercise, for use in humanitarian contexts. An asset-building exercise is a thoughtful way to build intentional program content for girls to determine what assets they need in order to survive and thrive. This is particularly important for programs intended to reach the poorest girls in the poorest communities based on sound evidence on the reality of their lives. The Council’s Building Assets Toolkit is rooted in this exercise, helping practitioners, policymakers, and advocates build ...


Gaps In The Organization Of Emergency Room Care And Services For Women Experiencing Miscarriage: A Multiple Case Study Of Four Ers In Quebec, Francine de Montigny, Chantal Verdon, Emmanuelle Dennie-Filion, Serge Gauvreau 2020 Université du Quebec en Outaouais

Gaps In The Organization Of Emergency Room Care And Services For Women Experiencing Miscarriage: A Multiple Case Study Of Four Ers In Quebec, Francine De Montigny, Chantal Verdon, Emmanuelle Dennie-Filion, Serge Gauvreau

Science of Nursing and Health Practices - Science infirmière et pratiques en santé

Introduction: Miscarriage is common, occurring in nearly 20% of pregnancies. Most women experiencing symptoms such as bleeding or abdominal pain in early pregnancy consult emergency services, the front line of care. While research has shown the psychological and physical effects of miscarriage on women, less is known about how emergency services are organized to manage their care. Objective: To describe and analyze the organization of emergency services for women experiencing miscarriage. Methods: A multiple case study was conducted in four emergency rooms in Quebec, Canada, between 2014 and 2015. A reference framework setting out an organized system of action in ...


Pregnancy In Peril: The Impact Of Conflict On Antenatal Care And Skilled Birth Attendant Utilization In The Democratic Republic Of The Congo And Burundi, Bianca R. Ziegler 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Pregnancy In Peril: The Impact Of Conflict On Antenatal Care And Skilled Birth Attendant Utilization In The Democratic Republic Of The Congo And Burundi, Bianca R. Ziegler

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

As of 2019, over two billion people globally reside in conflict-affected areas, and as a result, face negative health implications. Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are among those countries classified as fragile and conflict-affected situations, resulting in disproportionally high maternal mortality rates. Grounded in Andersen’s Model of Healthcare Utilization, this thesis employed multivariate binary logistic regressions to examine factors which influence antenatal care and skilled birth attendant usage in these two countries. Findings indicate that women living in high conflict regions were significantly less likely than those in low conflict regions to have their first antenatal ...


Achieving Accurate Estimates Of Fetal Gestational Age And Personalised Predictions Of Fetal Growth Based On Data From An International Prospective Cohort Study: A Population-Based Machine Learning Study, Russell Fung, Jose Villar, Ali Dashti, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Eleonora Staines-Uria, Eric O. Ohuma, Maria Carvalho, Shama Munim, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, International Fetal and Newborn Growth Consortium for the 21st Century (INTERGROWTH-21st) 2020 University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Achieving Accurate Estimates Of Fetal Gestational Age And Personalised Predictions Of Fetal Growth Based On Data From An International Prospective Cohort Study: A Population-Based Machine Learning Study, Russell Fung, Jose Villar, Ali Dashti, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Eleonora Staines-Uria, Eric O. Ohuma, Maria Carvalho, Shama Munim, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, International Fetal And Newborn Growth Consortium For The 21st Century (Intergrowth-21st)

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Background: Preterm birth is a major global health challenge, the leading cause of death in children under 5 years of age, and a key measure of a population's general health and nutritional status. Current clinical methods of estimating fetal gestational age are often inaccurate. For example, between 20 and 30 weeks of gestation, the width of the 95% prediction interval around the actual gestational age is estimated to be 18-36 days, even when the best ultrasound estimates are used. The aims of this study are to improve estimates of fetal gestational age and provide personalised predictions of future growth ...


Impact Of Conflict On Maternal And Child Health Service Delivery: A Country Case Study Of Afghanistan, Mohammed Shafiq Mirzazada, Zahra Ali Padhani, Sultana Jabeen, Malika Fatima, Arjumand Rizvi, Uzair Ansari, Jai K. Das, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta 2020 Aga Khan Health Service, Kabul, Afghanistan

Impact Of Conflict On Maternal And Child Health Service Delivery: A Country Case Study Of Afghanistan, Mohammed Shafiq Mirzazada, Zahra Ali Padhani, Sultana Jabeen, Malika Fatima, Arjumand Rizvi, Uzair Ansari, Jai K. Das, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Woman and Child Health

Introduction: Since decades, the health system of Afghanistan has been in disarray due to ongoing conflict. We aimed to explore the direct effects of conflict on provision of reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health and nutrition (RMNCAH&N) services and describe the contextual factors influencing these services.
Method: We conducted a quantitative analysis of secondary data on RMNCAH&N indicators and undertook a supportive qualitative study to help understand processes and contextual factors. For quantitative analysis, we stratified the various provinces of Afghanistan into minimal-, moderate- and severe conflict categories based on battle-related deaths from Uppsala Conflict Data Program ...


Factors Affecting The Utilization Of Antenatal Care Among Married Women Of Reproductive Age In The Rural Thatta, Pakistan: Findings From A Community-Based Case-Control Study, Sumera Aziz Ali, Savera Aziz Ali, Anam Feroz, Sarah Saleem, Zafar Fatmi, Muhammad Masood Kadir 2020 Columbia University, New York, USA.

Factors Affecting The Utilization Of Antenatal Care Among Married Women Of Reproductive Age In The Rural Thatta, Pakistan: Findings From A Community-Based Case-Control Study, Sumera Aziz Ali, Savera Aziz Ali, Anam Feroz, Sarah Saleem, Zafar Fatmi, Muhammad Masood Kadir

Community Health Sciences

Background: There are differences in antenatal care (ANC) utilization between urban and rural areas of Pakistan. Although multiple factors have been studied affecting the utilization of general health care services, the effect of road network distance particularly on the utilization of ANC has not been assessed. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the association between road network distance from a health care facility and utilization of the ANC among women of reproductive age in Thatta Pakistan.
Methods: A community-based case-control study was conducted in district Thatta, Pakistan. Women who did not utilize ANC services during their last pregnancy were considered ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress