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Plant-Powered: A Digital Plant-Based Nutrition Intervention For Low-Income Patients With Type Ii Diabetes, Ellen Pelos 2020 The University of San Francisco

Plant-Powered: A Digital Plant-Based Nutrition Intervention For Low-Income Patients With Type Ii Diabetes, Ellen Pelos

Master's Projects and Capstones

Purpose: This project aimed to measure the acceptability and feasibility of plant-based diets among low-income individuals with type II diabetes at the Samaritan House Food Pharmacy and to create a user-centered pilot program to encourage the adoption of a plant-based diet.

Background: Plant-based diets are effective for preventing, treating, and reversing type II diabetes, but there is not much evidence about the acceptability and feasibility of these diets.

Methods: Focus groups were used to gather qualitative data about the acceptability and feasibility of plant-based diets in the target population. The researcher conducted interviews with Food Pharmacy program leaders to learn ...


Redefining Trauma: Utilizing Restorative Justice To Repair Care Systems, Emebet Aklilu 2019 The University of San Francisco

Redefining Trauma: Utilizing Restorative Justice To Repair Care Systems, Emebet Aklilu

Master's Projects and Capstones

This project examined the ways in which restorative justice programming can improve trauma informed care among the African American population in Oakland, CA. With 23% of African American men and women living at or below the poverty line in the United States, this project assesses gaps in current trauma informed care practices as evident in the literature. Following a rigorous document review the author coded and organized key programming components following six factors detailed by Rowher, Schoones, and Young (2014). Further examination of these program components was conducted using Bloom’s taxonomy levels to assess program outcomes associated with specific ...


Flowers Or Flora?: Understanding The Effects Of Probiotics On Depression, Nicole Collopy 2019 Dominican University of California

Flowers Or Flora?: Understanding The Effects Of Probiotics On Depression, Nicole Collopy

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

The human gut is populated with hundreds of types of bacteria and fungi. In North America, both intestinal and mood disorders are prevalent, presenting health problems that challenge health care professionals and patients alike. A scholarly literature review was conducted to explore this important relationship.

The investigation of the literature revealed that there is an association between gut health disorders and mood disorders, mainly anxiety and depression. This is due to bi-directionality between the brain-gut pathways, meaning that gastrointestinal health may have an effect on mental health and vice versa.

This connection between gut and mood can have substantial implications ...


The Impact Of Income On Nutrition. A Case Study Of Northern Mozambique, Hunter Swanigan 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Impact Of Income On Nutrition. A Case Study Of Northern Mozambique, Hunter Swanigan

Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness Undergraduate Honors Theses

In 2017, Mozambique ranked as one of the least-developed countries in the world by measures of health, education, and income, and had one of the lowest GDP per capita at $1,300. With a minimal income, purchasing adequate food to meet recommended levels of nutrients for a healthy diet is difficult, leaving almost half of the country’s population undernourished. This study researched what foods are available during the dry months (hungry season) of May through October in the Nampula province of Mozambique to analyze if it is possible to meet the National Institutes of Health’s recommended levels of ...


Time To Reconsider The Straddle-Arm Technique: Providing Care For The Conscious Infant Who Is Choking, Adam Gesicki, Shelly Longmore 2019 Canadian Council for First Aid Education (Canadian Red Cross)

Time To Reconsider The Straddle-Arm Technique: Providing Care For The Conscious Infant Who Is Choking, Adam Gesicki, Shelly Longmore

International Journal of First Aid Education

The practice of straddling the infant’s legs on the rescuer’s upper arm continues to be one method taught to support the infant in the delivery of back blows and chest thrusts in the clearing of a foreign body airway obstruction (FBAO) for a conscious infant. The personal teaching experience of the two authors suggests that this may not be physically possible in a substantial number of potential pairings of rescuers and infants. The purpose of this article is to present initial data from exploratory work to support this view, suggesting that continued work is required to improve the ...


Bout Vs. Non-Bout Physical Activity Minutes As Predictors Of Waist Circumference In College Students, Valerie Olijar, Matt Scott, Brooke Ferraro, Elizabeth Edwards, Trent Hargens 2019 James Madison University

Bout Vs. Non-Bout Physical Activity Minutes As Predictors Of Waist Circumference In College Students, Valerie Olijar, Matt Scott, Brooke Ferraro, Elizabeth Edwards, Trent Hargens

Showcase of Graduate Research and Creative Activities

Physical activity recommendations to reduce all cause mortality consist of 10 minute bouts of a moderate-vigorous intensity, for a total of 150 min/week. This study investigates if those 10 minute bouts really matter. We found that step count was the best predictor of waist circumference. This finding supports many new technological devices that use step counts as a form of measuring activity. It provides support that the more steps you take, the likelier you will have a small waist.


Addressing Challenges To The Reliable, Large-Scale Implementation Of Effective School Health Education, Michael J. Mann, David K. Lohrmann 2019 Boise State University

Addressing Challenges To The Reliable, Large-Scale Implementation Of Effective School Health Education, Michael J. Mann, David K. Lohrmann

Community and Environmental Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

The long-held priority of teaching young people the knowledge and skills needed for healthy living has recently been diminished in many preK-12 schools. Driven by federal and state priorities, laws, and policies associated with high-stakes testing, instruction in untested subjects has been reduced or eliminated in most schools in order to devote more attention to tested subjects, like reading, math, writing, and science. This article proposes a pathway to ensure that all children are able to learn what society knows about health. To that end, four challenges to the reliable, large-scale implementation of effective school health education are identified: (1 ...


Detecting, Preventing, And Treating Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Adolescent Arrestees: An Unmet Public Health Need, Christopher Salvatore, Steven Belenko, Richard Dembo, Matthew Rollie, Kristina Childs 2019 Montclair State University

Detecting, Preventing, And Treating Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Adolescent Arrestees: An Unmet Public Health Need, Christopher Salvatore, Steven Belenko, Richard Dembo, Matthew Rollie, Kristina Childs

Christopher Salvatore

Studies of detained and incarcerated adolescent offenders in the United States indicate that these juveniles have an elevated risk of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). However, many more arrestees enter the “front end” of the juvenile justice system that is detained or incarcerated, and research into the STD risk profiles and service needs of this larger group is lacking. An expansion of STD testing (including of asymptomatic youths), prevention, and treatment is needed, as is improved knowledge about gender- and race-specific services. A pilot program in Florida has shown that juvenile justice and public health systems can collaborate to implement STD ...


Medically Tailored Meals As A Prescription For Treatment Of Food-Insecure Type 2 Diabetics, Leslie J. Rabaut 2019 Aurora Health Care

Medically Tailored Meals As A Prescription For Treatment Of Food-Insecure Type 2 Diabetics, Leslie J. Rabaut

Aurora Family Medicine Residents

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is an immense burden to the health of our population and to our current health care system, and the weight of this burden is only projected to multiply in coming years. A nutritious diet is an indispensable aspect of diabetes treatment, and the lack of access to food engenders poor disease-state control, which correlates with increased health care utilization. Interventions aimed at improving access to food through medically tailored meals (MTMs) have demonstrated effectiveness in improving the health of food-insecure type 2 diabetic patients and reducing health care costs. Further studies are necessary to increase the ...


The Mechanism Of Theory-Based Hiv Behavioral Intervention On Condom Use Among Rural-To-Urban Migrants In China: The Mediating Roles Of Hiv Knowledge And Condom Use Self-Efficacy, Chengbo Zeng, Xiaoming Li, Hongfei Du, Danhua Lin 2019 University of South Carolina

The Mechanism Of Theory-Based Hiv Behavioral Intervention On Condom Use Among Rural-To-Urban Migrants In China: The Mediating Roles Of Hiv Knowledge And Condom Use Self-Efficacy, Chengbo Zeng, Xiaoming Li, Hongfei Du, Danhua Lin

Health Behavior Research

Previous studies have suggested HIV knowledge and self-efficacy are important cognitive factors that might influence condom use behaviors. However, data were limited regarding their mediating effects on condom use during behavioral interventions. This study examined the mechanistic roles of these two factors on the effect of a community-based intervention aiming to increase condom use behaviors and intention among young rural-to-urban migrants in China. Data were derived from a community-based HIV behavioral intervention trial among 639 young sexually active rural-to-urban migrants in Beijing, China. Path analyses were used to examine the direct and indirect effects of the intervention program on condom ...


Using Complex, Multi-Sectoral Data In A Needs Assessment To Inform Future Strategies In Childhood Asthma Management, Loren Raun, David Persse, Gwendolyn Johnson, Katherine Ensor, Elizabeth Stevenson, Melissa A. Valerio, Erin K. Caton, Laura Campos, Harold J. Farber 2019 Rice University

Using Complex, Multi-Sectoral Data In A Needs Assessment To Inform Future Strategies In Childhood Asthma Management, Loren Raun, David Persse, Gwendolyn Johnson, Katherine Ensor, Elizabeth Stevenson, Melissa A. Valerio, Erin K. Caton, Laura Campos, Harold J. Farber

Health Behavior Research

The purpose of this needs assessment was to study the current state of asthma management in high-risk children in Houston, Texas to inform a theory-based approach to improving asthma management. The mixed-method assessment included multi-sectoral survey, quantitative, and geospatial data that address a range of social and community factors in family, community, home, and medical contexts. Houston Emergency Medical Services (EMS) provided ambulance-treated asthma data mapped by geographic area to identify where childhood asthma management was weakest. Texas Children’s Health Plan (TCHP) provided medication compliance rates and counts of children by zip code that TCHP considered high-risk according to ...


Association Of Physical Activity And Fracture Risk Among Postmenopausal Women, Michael J. LaMonte, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Joseph C. Larson, Xiaodan Mai, John A. Robbins, Meryl S. LeBoff, Zhao Chen, Rebecca D. Jackson, Andrea Z. LaCroix, Judith K. Ockene, Kathleen M. Hovey, Jane A. Cauley 2019 The State University of New York, Buffalo

Association Of Physical Activity And Fracture Risk Among Postmenopausal Women, Michael J. Lamonte, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Joseph C. Larson, Xiaodan Mai, John A. Robbins, Meryl S. Leboff, Zhao Chen, Rebecca D. Jackson, Andrea Z. Lacroix, Judith K. Ockene, Kathleen M. Hovey, Jane A. Cauley

UMass Worcester PRC Publications

Importance: Physical activity is inversely associated with hip fracture risk in older women. However, the association of physical activity with fracture at other sites and the role of sedentary behavior remain unclear.

Objective: To assess the associations of physical activity and sedentary behavior with fracture incidence among postmenopausal women.

Design, Setting, and Participants: The Women's Health Initiative prospective cohort study enrolled 77206 postmenopausal women aged 50 to 79 years between October 1993 and December 1998 at 40 US clinical centers. Participants were observed for outcomes through September 2015, with data analysis conducted from June 2017 to August 2019.

Exposures ...


Building Healthy Communities In The Dominican Republic: A Mixed-Methods Approach Towards Engaging The Community, Camille Lundberg, Fatema Bhagat, Katherine Brown, Arelis Moore de Peralta 2019 Clemson University

Building Healthy Communities In The Dominican Republic: A Mixed-Methods Approach Towards Engaging The Community, Camille Lundberg, Fatema Bhagat, Katherine Brown, Arelis Moore De Peralta

Arelis Moore de Peralta

Breakout Session 1C: The Building Healthy Communities Creative Inquiry is an ongoing undergraduate and graduate student-led project from Clemson University. Its goal is to facilitate community-driven improvement of a small rural community in the Dominican Republic, Las Malvinas II. We strive to address five public health priorities, identified in consultation with the community, including vaccine-preventable diseases, chronic diseases, education, sanitation, and unwanted pregnancies. To address these areas for improvement, our research used a mixed-methods approach, using both qualitative and quantitative data gathering tools. Qualitative methods included focus groups and interviews with community leaders and relevant governmental and non-governmental organizations from ...


Determining First Aid Knowledge And Skills Retention With Laypeople: A Randomized Controlled Trial In Nepal, Bert Avau, Axel Vande veegaete, Hans Scheers, Philippe Vandekerckhove, Emmy De Buck 2019 Centre for Evidence-Based Practice, Belgian Red Cross, Mechelen, Belgium; Cochrane Belgium, Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, Leuven, Belgium

Determining First Aid Knowledge And Skills Retention With Laypeople: A Randomized Controlled Trial In Nepal, Bert Avau, Axel Vande Veegaete, Hans Scheers, Philippe Vandekerckhove, Emmy De Buck

International Journal of First Aid Education

Background: First aid (FA) education is important in building a resilient society. Millions of people are trained annually in FA worldwide. However, the knowledge concerning retention of FA and optimal retraining frequency is limited. The aims of the current study were to investigate the two-year retention of FA knowledge and skills, and to determine to what extent refresher courses with different contents after one year influence retention.

Methods: 502 Nepalese laypeople were trained in basic FA during 21 separate 4-day courses. One year after the basic FA course, participants received one of two refresher courses. The first one (“FA theory ...


Investigating The Knowledge Surrounding Folate And Folic Acid In A Cohort Of Vegetarians, Michael Dolan, Katherine Younger, Lucy Brennan, Jessica Roche 2019 Technological University Dublin

Investigating The Knowledge Surrounding Folate And Folic Acid In A Cohort Of Vegetarians, Michael Dolan, Katherine Younger, Lucy Brennan, Jessica Roche

Sure-J: Science Undergraduate Research Journal

Background
The aim is to identify any gaps in the knowledge of folate and folic acid in vegetarians, which is of interest given the increasing adoption of vegetarian type diets.

Methods
In this convenience sample, 106 people answered an online questionnaire regarding folate intake and awareness among vegetarians. This was created using Google Forms and was shared via Facebook, including on various national and college vegetarian group pages. There were 44 questions. Twenty-four participants were excluded, because they reported eating fish, chicken or other meat. Final data analysis included 82 subjects. The majority of these vegetarians were females over the ...


The Correlation Between Stigma And Family Acceptance With Religiosity Of Plwh Msm In Medan, Indonesia, I Nyoman Arya Maha Putra, Agung Waluyo, Sri Yona 2019 STIKES Bali, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia

The Correlation Between Stigma And Family Acceptance With Religiosity Of Plwh Msm In Medan, Indonesia, I Nyoman Arya Maha Putra, Agung Waluyo, Sri Yona

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

There are several factors related to religiosity of PLWH MSM in Medan. This study aimed to identify the correlation between stigma and family acceptance with religiosity of PLWH MSM in Medan. This cross sectional study applied purposive sampling technique and invloved 175 samples from H. Adam Malik Public Central Hospital, Medan Pringadi Hospital, Padang Bulan and Teladan Public Health Centers. The data was analyzed by using the technique of multiple logistic regression. Bivariate analysis showed a significant correlation between stigma along with family acceptance with religiosity of PLWH MSM in Medan (p=0,005; α=0,005 & p


It’S A Matter Of Perspective: The Role Of Aging Expectations And Self-Efficacy Towards Engagement In Healthy Lifestyles Among Older Adults, Johnny Julvesano Yao Jr 2019 Velez College

It’S A Matter Of Perspective: The Role Of Aging Expectations And Self-Efficacy Towards Engagement In Healthy Lifestyles Among Older Adults, Johnny Julvesano Yao Jr

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

This study determined whether aging expectations predict engagement in healthy lifestyles. Furthermore, it determined whether self-efficacy mediates the relationship between aging expectations and engagement in healthy lifestyles. This study enlisted 95 respondents who are 60 years old and above in a large metropolitan area in the Philippines. A four-part instrument package was utilized to measure the respondent’s: (1) demographic profile, (2) aging expectations using the Expectations Regarding Aging (ERA-12) Survey, (3) engagement in healthy lifestyles using health-promoting lifestyle profile II (HPLP-II), and (4) self-efficacy using the self-efficacy for self-direction in health scale. Data were analyzed using linear regression and ...


Impact Of Lactation Support Program On Initiation Of Breastfeeding In Term Infants, Binu Ninan Dr, Umamaheswari Balakrishnan Dr, Asiff Mohamed Dr, Munusamy Manjula, Thangaraj Abiramalatha Dr, Ashok Chandrasekaran Dr, Prakash Amboiram Dr 2019 Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research

Impact Of Lactation Support Program On Initiation Of Breastfeeding In Term Infants, Binu Ninan Dr, Umamaheswari Balakrishnan Dr, Asiff Mohamed Dr, Munusamy Manjula, Thangaraj Abiramalatha Dr, Ashok Chandrasekaran Dr, Prakash Amboiram Dr

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Purpose

Early initiation of Breastfeeding (EIBF) significantly decreases neonatal mortality and improves exclusive breastfeeding. The objective of the present study was to assess the effect of lactation Support Program (LSP) on early initiation of Breastfeeding (BF) among term well infants.

Methods

A ‘before -and – after’ design was used to study the effect of the LSP on EIBF at a tertiary care institute in India over a period of two and a half years. EIBF was defined as BF initiated(VD) and < 2 hours in cesarean section (CS). Impact of LSP was assessed by comparing baseline data (control group) with data after initiation of LSP (study group). Even after 1 year of initiation of LSP, EIBF in CS remained low, hence a hospital policy was implemented to alter a modifiable factor to promote EIBF in CS. Data of the Study group was analyzed over two time periods, as study group A (prior to implementation of hospital policy) and study group B (following the commencement of hospital policy).

Results

A total of 2769 postnatal mothers were included for the study with 537 in the control group, 1157 ...


Mālama Nā Makua I Nā Keiki Me Ka Hānō: Native Hawaiian Parents Caring For Their Children With Asthma, (Part 2), May K. Kealoha, Sandra L. Sinclair, Karol K. Richardson 2019 Kapiolani Community College

Mālama Nā Makua I Nā Keiki Me Ka Hānō: Native Hawaiian Parents Caring For Their Children With Asthma, (Part 2), May K. Kealoha, Sandra L. Sinclair, Karol K. Richardson

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Objective

Native Hawaiian children have the highest prevalence of asthma among all ethnicities in Hawai‘i. Mālama Part 2 describes continuing research, exploring contemporary native Hawaiian parents’ perspective and experience of caring for their children with asthma in the context of uncertainty while living on the islands of Hawaiʻi, Kauaʻi, Maui, Molokaʻi and Lānaʻi.

Design:

Descriptive qualitative approach by means of directed content analysis using focus groups was applied to this study. Eight open-ended questions elicited asthma history, asthma management, and how the Hawaiian culture affects parents’ health practices. Directed content analysis applied Mishel’s Uncertainty in Illness Theory (UIT ...


Middle East Respiratory Syndrome On Health Information Websites: How Much Credible They Are?, Shahabedin Rahmatizadeh, Saeideh Valizadeh-Haghi, Arefeh Kalavani, Nadereh Fakhimi 2019 Department of Health Information Technology and Management, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome On Health Information Websites: How Much Credible They Are?, Shahabedin Rahmatizadeh, Saeideh Valizadeh-Haghi, Arefeh Kalavani, Nadereh Fakhimi

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Background: The most recent MERS outbreak has raised questions about prevention and symptoms since there is currently no vaccine to prevent MERS. People can help protect themselves from this illness by taking everyday preventive actions. To do so, it is helpful to get medical information on the Internet about this illness. Regarding the importance of ensuring the provision of accurate online information, the aim of this study was to assess the credibility of health websites about MERS by using HONcode tool.

Materials and methods: The term “MERS” was searched in Google, Yahoo, and Bing and the first three pages reported ...


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