Sexual Knowledge And Wellness Of College Students, 2023 Mississippi University for Women
Sexual Knowledge And Wellness Of College Students, Aubrey Parker
Undergraduate Research Conference
Abstract: The purpose of this research project is to conduct further research on the use of a questionnaire developed by the fall 2022 FSC 330 class to assess sexual health knowledge of W students. I plan to study their use as a potential educational tool to provide sexual health knowledge to W students in addition to assessing their sexual health knowledge. The revised survey consists of topics that cover: contraceptives, women’s/ men’s sexual health and anatomy, gender/ sexual orientation, sexual coercion, STI’s, and lastly love/ communication. The survey we are currently making will have three different versions that are: feedback …
Physical Activity Among Adults With Psychiatric Illness In Karachi, Pakistan: A Survey Based Research, 2023 Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
Physical Activity Among Adults With Psychiatric Illness In Karachi, Pakistan: A Survey Based Research, Aneeta Jevtani, Erum Perveen, Mustafa Uroosa, Nazia Zeya, Farkhanda Emad, Fareeha Kanwal, Mahum Azhaar, Faisal Yamin
Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity
Introduction: In Pakistan, psychological wellbeing is still considered a stigma and has limited resources to provide maximum care. Individuals with mental illness struggle with maintaining their sedentary behaviors and have poor wellbeing. The aim of the study is to investigate the physical activity among individuals with a psychiatric illness. Materials and Methods: A sample data of 144 outpatients, diagnosed with a psychiatric illness were collected from the Outpatient Department (OPD) of a public sector psychiatric set-up in Karachi, Pakistan. The participants were assessed with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Results: Females with a psychiatric illness were found to be …
The Current Youth Sport Culture And Its Impact On Sport Participation Experiences Of Low Socioeconomic Status Families, 2023 Sam Houston State University
The Current Youth Sport Culture And Its Impact On Sport Participation Experiences Of Low Socioeconomic Status Families, Mayrena I. Hernandez, Elena C. Miller, Laura A. Prieto, Luis Columna, Kevin M. Biese, David R. Bell
Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice
Purpose: The rise of sport specialization can jeopardize the opportunities for families of low socioeconomic status (SES) to participate in organized sport. However, obtaining an athletic scholarship may be a motivating factor for low SES youth to sport specialize. Yet, the experiences of low SES athletes in sport participation are not well known. Method: We used an Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) to explore experiences of low SES families with children participating in sport and how this may be impacted by the current youth sport culture that promotes sport specialization. We engaged in semi-structured interviews with 12 low SES parents. Results: …
Dental Care During The Covid-19 Pandemic: Patient Perceptions Of Barriers To Dental Care, Covid-19 Safety Precautions, And Administration Of The Covid-19 Vaccine At The Dental Office, 2023 UNC Health Sciences at Mountain Area Health Education Center, Research
Dental Care During The Covid-19 Pandemic: Patient Perceptions Of Barriers To Dental Care, Covid-19 Safety Precautions, And Administration Of The Covid-19 Vaccine At The Dental Office, Brunilda Lugo, Sheri Denslow, Jill Fromewick, Scott Davis, Katherine Jowers, J. Amadeo Valdez
HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine
The Mountain Area Health Education Center (MAHEC) Dental Health Center sought to learn how COVID-19 affected dental care attainment and patient perceptions of appropriate safety measures, as well as their acceptance of the dental office as a site for COVID-19 vaccinations.
A cross-sectional online survey of dental patients was performed to inquire about barriers to care, safety precautions, including COVID-19 testing, and the acceptability of vaccination for COVID-19 in the dental office. All adult patients of the MAHEC Dental Health Center with an email address on file and a clinic visit in the past year were randomized for …
Decision-Making Processes For Essential Packages Of Health Services: Experience From Six Countries, 2023 Radboud University Medical Center, Netherlands
Decision-Making Processes For Essential Packages Of Health Services: Experience From Six Countries, Rob Baltussen, Omar Mwalim, Karl Blanchet, Manuel Carballo, Getachew Teshome Eregata, Alemayehu Hailu, Maryam Huda, Mohamed Jama, Kjell Arne Johansson, Teri Reynolds
Community Health Sciences
Many countries around the world strive for universal health coverage, and an essential packages of health services (EPHS) is a central policy instrument for countries to achieve this. It defines the coverage of services that are made available, as well as the proportion of the costs that are covered from different financial schemes and who can receive these services. This paper reports on the development of an analytical framework on the decision-making process of EPHS revision, and the review of practices of six countries (Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Pakistan, Somalia, Sudan and Zanzibar-Tanzania).The analytical framework distinguishes the practical organization, fairness and institutionalization …
Quality Of Icu Discharge Summaries Produced By Pediatric Residents: The Memorial Health University Medical Center Experience, 2022 Memorial Health University Medical Center/Dwaine and Cynthia Willett Children's Hospital of Savannah
Quality Of Icu Discharge Summaries Produced By Pediatric Residents: The Memorial Health University Medical Center Experience, Jessica M. Lee, James Ryden, Emma Meehan, Eric Shaw, Mary C. Lytle, Andrew Stack, Ashley Shearman
HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine
Discharging intensive care unit (ICU) patients directly home is becoming more common. High-quality ICU discharge summaries are crucial in the transition of patient care. Currently, at Memorial Health University Medical Center (MHUMC), there exists no standardized ICU discharge summary template or consistency when discharge documentation is completed. Investigators evaluated the timeliness and completeness of ICU discharge summaries at MHUMC produced by pediatric residents.
A single-center retrospective chart review of pediatric patients discharged directly from a 10-bed Pediatric ICU to home was conducted. Charts were evaluated pre- and post-intervention. The intervention included the implementation of a standardized ICU discharge …
History Of Falls, Mild Cognitive Impairment, And The Presence Of Home Environmental Hazards Among Community-Dwelling Older Persons In District V, Manila, 2022 Mariano Marcos State University
History Of Falls, Mild Cognitive Impairment, And The Presence Of Home Environmental Hazards Among Community-Dwelling Older Persons In District V, Manila, Marilou J. Raval, Donald S. Lipardo
Philippine Journal of Physical Therapy
Introduction: It is important to investigate factors that may increase the fall risk in the geriatric population. This study aimed to determine the relationship between: 1) mild cognitive impairments (MCI) and history of falls; 2) home environmental hazards (HEH) and history of falls; and 3) MCI and HEHs among older adults.
Methods: Community-dwelling older persons of District V, Manila were random sampled to participate in this cross-sectional correlational study. The Home Falls and Accidents Screening Tool for Health Professionals (HOMEFAST-HP) and Fall History Questionnaire were used to collect information on the presence of HEH and history of falls, respectively. Chi-Square …
Postpartum Depression For Mothers With Early Fetal Death Or Stillbirths, 2022 Kennesaw State University
Postpartum Depression For Mothers With Early Fetal Death Or Stillbirths, Callie Goldman
Symposium of Student Scholars
Background: Many times, prevention of early fetus death and stillbirths is possible; however, some mortality events are spontaneous or unavoidable. While existing research reveals the likelihood of postpartum depression for mothers following birth, few studies address the potential for postpartum depression of mothers of stillbirth or demised fetuses. The purpose of this study is to determine how mothers can be better prepared for the hardship of losing a baby during childbirth, while going through common difficulties, such as postpartum depression, following birth. Methods: A mixed method approach will be conducted to gather qualitative (interview) and quantitative (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale …
Alternative Precautionary Measures Yielding Lower C. Diff Infection Rates In Healthcare Facilities, 2022 Kennesaw State University
Alternative Precautionary Measures Yielding Lower C. Diff Infection Rates In Healthcare Facilities, Matthew Kramer
Symposium of Student Scholars
Background: An international healthcare concern is the persistent spread of Clostridium difficile, a Gram-positive spore forming bacterium that is responsible for the most common hospital-acquired infection, amongst patients.
Objective: A systematic review was performed to summarize evidence that the interventions utilized in healthcare facilities which indicate a patient’s precautionary status are insufficient, outdated, and commonly lead to infection in neighboring patient rooms. Databases such as PubMed, NCBI, Google Scholar, and APHA’s Medical Care were searched, covering the period from 2017-2022. Studies were included if their focus concentrated on C. diff and the precautionary measures taken by employees at healthcare …
Identifying Cultural Biases And Understanding Health Care Disparities For Lgtbq+ Patients, 2022 Dominican University of California
Identifying Cultural Biases And Understanding Health Care Disparities For Lgtbq+ Patients, Jevon Nelson
Nursing | Senior Theses
Understanding the health disparities within the LGBTQ+ population, will consist of educating Nurses and other healthcare providers cultural competence for this population, along with proposing certain educational training programs for all the medical professionals. There’s not only an implicit bias but also lack in quality of healthcare due to the personal reasons that healthcare providers may have, along with certain stigmas that creates an infringement on healthcare for this specific population. Members of the LGBTQ+ community will continue to have one of the highest amounts of health care disparities due to the lack of cultural incompetence if nothing is done.
Psychometric Properties Of The Sindhi Version Of The Mood And Feelings Questionnaire (Mfq) In A Sample Of Early Adolescents Living In Rural Pakistan, 2022 University of Toronto, Canada
Psychometric Properties Of The Sindhi Version Of The Mood And Feelings Questionnaire (Mfq) In A Sample Of Early Adolescents Living In Rural Pakistan, Janavi Shetty, Florence Perquier, Susan C. Campisi, Yaqub Wasan, Madison Aitken, Daphne J. Korczak, Suneeta Monga, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Peter Szatmari, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta
Centre of Excellence in Women and Child Health
There is a need for reliable and valid screening tools that assess depressive symptoms in adolescents in Pakistan. To address this need, the present study examined the psychometric properties and factor structure of a Sindhi-translated and adapted version of the child-report Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (MFQ-C) and the Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (SMFQ-C) in a community sample of adolescents living in Matiari, Pakistan. Questionnaires were translated into Sindhi and administered by study psychologists to 1350 participants (52.3% female) 9.0 to 15.9 years old. Measurement structure was examined using confirmatory factor analysis. Internal consistency was estimated, and convergent and divergent …
Public Satisfaction With Covid-19 Vaccination Program In Saudi Arabia, 2022 Health.Links, Saudi Arabia
Public Satisfaction With Covid-19 Vaccination Program In Saudi Arabia, Muhammad Waseem Shahzad, Adel Al-Shabaan, Ammar Mattar, Bilal Salameh, Eman M. Alturaiki, Waleed A. Alqarni, Khalid A. Alharbi, Turki M. Alhumaidany
Patient Experience Journal
The challenges posed by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic have required the introduction of new care delivery models and procedures. For the foreseeable future, vaccine administration will be a key part of the patient experience journey. It is important therefore to understand and evaluate experiences of individuals taking the vaccination, an area which requires considerable attention. To address this, the COVID-19 Vaccination Satisfaction survey was developed and administered at several healthcare facilities across Saudi Arabia. Between January 2021 and end of December 2021, a total of 1,699,177 completed surveys were collected. The survey results suggest high satisfaction among participants taking the …
Cost Analysis Of Implementing An Exercise Program For Fall And Fracture Prevention In Older Adults On Proton Pump Inhibitor Therapy, 2022 Advocate Lutheran General Hospital
Cost Analysis Of Implementing An Exercise Program For Fall And Fracture Prevention In Older Adults On Proton Pump Inhibitor Therapy, Thomas Adam Wichelmann, Nhan Dang, David H. Kruchko, Sufyan Abdulmujeeb, Eli D. Ehrenpreis
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
Purpose: Falls have significant financial impact. Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy is associated with an increased risk of falls and fractures. Exercise programs have been shown to decrease risk of falls in the elderly population and are recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force for patients over age 65 to reduce falls. Our study aimed to explore the potential financial benefit of implementing three different Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-recommended exercise-based interventions for fall prevention (Tai Chi, Stepping On, and Otago Exercise Program) in ≥ 65-year-old patients on PPI therapy.
Methods: A Markov model was developed to predict …
Patient Perspectives On Opioid Risk Discussions In Primary Care, 2022 HealthPartners Institute
Patient Perspectives On Opioid Risk Discussions In Primary Care, Stephanie A. Hooker, Inih J. Essien, Caitlin M. Borgert-Spaniol, Rebecca C. Rossom, Anthony W. Olson, Katrina M. Romagnoli, Leif I. Solberg
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
Purpose: Both patients and clinicians have described discussions of potential opioid risks as challenging. This study’s goal was to understand patient perspectives on discussing opioid risks with primary care clinicians (PCCs).
Methods: Patients identified to be at elevated risk for problems with opioids (ie, opioid use disorder [OUD] diagnosis, taking a medication for OUD, or having ≥ 3 opioid prescriptions in the last year) were recruited from an integrated, Upper Midwest health system to participate in semi-structured qualitative interviews. Interview questions aimed to better understand patient views on conversations about opioid risks with PCCs and perceptions of OUD screening and …
Analysis Of Prevalence Characteristics Of Post-Stroke Complications And Recommendations For Optimization Of Primary Management, 2022 1.Department of neuroepidemiology, Beijing neurosurgery Institute, Beijing, 100070,China 2.Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100070,China 3.Beijing Key Laboratory of clinical epidemiology, Beijing, 100070,China
Analysis Of Prevalence Characteristics Of Post-Stroke Complications And Recommendations For Optimization Of Primary Management, Bin Jing
General Practice in China
Stroke is the leading cause of death among Chinese residents，with the improvement of hospital treatment level，the number of stroke survivors returning to the community is also increasing.This has greatly increased the demand for primary community health services，but also brought great challenges to the grassroots community health services.This article discusses the risk factors of stroke survivors in the community and the epidemiological characteristics of post-stroke complications，the grass-roots management plan after stroke recommended based on evidence or expert consensus，and how to establish and optimize the grass-roots management system after stroke，which aims to improve existing general medical services and provide suggestions and references …
Frequency Of Bystander Exposure To Antibiotics For Enteropathogenic Bacteria Among Young Children In Low-Resource Settings, 2022 Emory University, United States of America
Frequency Of Bystander Exposure To Antibiotics For Enteropathogenic Bacteria Among Young Children In Low-Resource Settings, Elizabeth T. Rogawski Mcquade, Stephanie A. Brennhofer, Sarah E. Elwood, Timothy L. Mcmurry, Joseph A. Lewnard, Estomih R. Mduma, Sanjaya Shrestha, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Pascal O. Bessong, Gagandeep Kang
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health
Children in low-resource settings carry enteric pathogens asymptomatically and are frequently treated with antibiotics, resulting in opportunities for pathogens to be exposed to antibiotics when not the target of treatment (i.e., bystander exposure). We quantified the frequency of bystander antibiotic exposures for enteric pathogens and estimated associations with resistance among children in eight low-resource settings. We analyzed 15,697 antibiotic courses from 1,715 children aged 0 to 2 y from the MAL-ED birth cohort. We calculated the incidence of bystander exposures and attributed exposures to respiratory and diarrheal illnesses. We associated bystander exposure with phenotypic susceptibility of E. coli isolates in …
Menstrual Irregularities Following Covid-19 Vaccination: A Global Cross-Sectional Survey, 2022 Aga Khan University
Menstrual Irregularities Following Covid-19 Vaccination: A Global Cross-Sectional Survey, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Muzna Sarfraz, Zainab Nadeem, Miguel Felix, Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health
Introduction: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination generates protective immunity against SARS-CoV-2 infection. There is no clear evidence of COVID-19 vaccine-induced menstrual irregularities.
Objective: To identify potential menstrual irregularities following COVID-19 vaccine among females.
Methods: A worldwide cross-sectional survey study was conducted from June 10, 2021, to July 10, 2021 using online mediums. The survey consisted of 15 questions divided into baseline characteristics, vaccination status and dosage, menstruation and relate factors, and thoughts and knowledge about menstrual irregularities. Non-probability convenience sampling method was used including 510 responses. The results were tabulated, with bivariate analysis and chi-square test results. The sensitivity …
“High Spending, Poor Productivity Gains!” Assessing Public Health System (In)Efficiency And Hospital Performance In The State Of Kuwait: Would More Private Delivery Improve Healthcare?, 2022 Touro College and University System
“High Spending, Poor Productivity Gains!” Assessing Public Health System (In)Efficiency And Hospital Performance In The State Of Kuwait: Would More Private Delivery Improve Healthcare?, Aljawhara Alsabah
NYMC Student Theses and Dissertations
The healthcare sector in the State of Kuwait has been nurtured for many decades by the government, where the majority of health services in the country are controlled by the Ministry of Health (MoH). Although healthcare services in public sector hospitals are at highly subsidized rates, causing private sector involvement in healthcare to be considerably low, the growing demands for private delivery of care burgeoned participation of private hospitals in Kuwait, and improving hospital efficiency and productivity is more critical and timelier than ever. This dissertation aims to analyze public health system efficiency and hospital performance in the State of …
Omicron Spike Function And Neutralizing Activity Elicited By A Comprehensive Panel Of Vaccines, 2022 University of Washington, Seattle
Omicron Spike Function And Neutralizing Activity Elicited By A Comprehensive Panel Of Vaccines, John E. Bowen, Amin Addetia, Ha V Dang, Cameron Stewart, Jack T. Brown, William K. Sharkey, Kaitlin R. Sprouse, Kumail Ahmed, Asefa Shariq Ansari, Najeeha Talat Iqbal
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health
The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant of concern comprises several sublineages, with BA.2 and BA.2.12.1 having replaced the previously dominant BA.1 and with BA.4 and BA.5 increasing in prevalence worldwide. We show that the large number of Omicron sublineage spike mutations leads to enhanced angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) binding, reduced fusogenicity, and severe dampening of plasma neutralizing activity elicited by infection or seven clinical vaccines relative to the ancestral virus. Administration of a homologous or heterologous booster based on the Wuhan-Hu-1 spike sequence markedly increased neutralizing antibody titers and breadth against BA.1, BA.2, BA.2.12.1, BA.4, and …
Esophageal Carcinoma And Associated Risk Factors: A Case-Control Study In Two Tertiary Care Hospitals Of Kabul, Afghanistan, 2022 French Medical Institute for Mothers and Children (FMIC), Afghanistan
Esophageal Carcinoma And Associated Risk Factors: A Case-Control Study In Two Tertiary Care Hospitals Of Kabul, Afghanistan, Ramin Saadaat, Jamshid Abdul-Ghafar, Ahmed Maseh Haidary, Nooria Atta, Tazeen Saeed Ali
Community Health Sciences
Purpose: Esophageal cancer (EC) is the most common cancer among males in Afghanistan, thus we aimed to conduct a case-control study to determine the associated risk factors with EC in two tertiary care hospitals of Kabul, Afghanistan.
Patients and methods: We enrolled 132 EC cases and 132 controls and used conditional logistic regression to estimate the odds ratio (OR) with consideration of 95% confidence interval (CI).
Results: The results of our study revealed that esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) was the predominant type of EC constituting 75.8% of the cases. The results of the multivariate logistic analysis showed that males …