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Proliferation Of Cross Border Trade In Health Services, Kevin Tolliver 2011 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Proliferation Of Cross Border Trade In Health Services, Kevin Tolliver

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Examining Dietary Acculturation In Hispanic Males Residing In South Mississippi, Diana Katherine Cuy Castellanos 2011 University of Southern Mississippi

Examining Dietary Acculturation In Hispanic Males Residing In South Mississippi, Diana Katherine Cuy Castellanos

Dissertations

This study explored dietary behavior in terms of dietary intake, dietary intake change and dietary contributing factors in a sample of Hispanic males residing in southern Mississippi that are at various stages of the acculturation process. Grounded theory and the bidimensional acculturation model were incorporated to identify the dietary factors and assess acculturation in each participant. Qualitative and quantitative measures were used in data collection. Qualitative measurements included Semistructured interviews, a focus group, and photovoice with group interviews. The ARSMA-II, Marginality Scale, Fruit/Vegetable and Fat Food Screeners, a psychosocial dietary questionnaire, and the New Vital Signs Food Label for ...


Bmi Trajectories During The Transition To Older Adulthood: Persistent, Widening, Or Diminishing Disparities By Ethnicity And Education?, Katrina M. Walsemann, Jennifer A. Ailshire 2011 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Bmi Trajectories During The Transition To Older Adulthood: Persistent, Widening, Or Diminishing Disparities By Ethnicity And Education?, Katrina M. Walsemann, Jennifer A. Ailshire

Faculty Publications

Previous research has produced inconsistent results on whether education and ethnic disparities in BMI persist, widen, or diminish over time. We investigate how education and ethnicity, independently and conditionally, influence BMI trajectories during the transition to older adulthood. Employing random coefficient modeling, we analyzed 8 biennial waves of data (1992-2006) from the Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative longitudinal study of individuals born between 1931 and 1941. After adjusting for health behaviors and health status, education and ethnic disparities in BMI persisted for most groups, but narrowed between high-educated white men and both low-educated Hispanic men and high-educated black ...


Exercise Science Program Co-Organizes Fit Kids Field Day In Norwalk, Wendy Bjerke Ph.D. 2011 Sacred Heart University

Exercise Science Program Co-Organizes Fit Kids Field Day In Norwalk, Wendy Bjerke Ph.D.

Wendy Bjerke Ph.D.

Wendy Bjerke, clinical assistant professor of SHU’s Department of Exercise Science as well as director of the University’s Wellness Program, said the Fit Kids program has been an excellent opportunity for the Exercise Science undergraduates who have served as program guides to gain service knowledge. “They have learned about exercise programming for children, health promotion and health education, which is all within the context of my Exercise Physiology course,” she said. Designed to teach elementary school students about nutrition, physical activity and healthy choices, the program runs each year from January to May, with an hour-long session held ...


Une Étude Des Systèmes De Santé En France Et Aux États-Unis Et Des Leçons Que Les États-Unis Peuvent Tirer Du Système De Santé Français, Olivia A. Morin 2011 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Une Étude Des Systèmes De Santé En France Et Aux États-Unis Et Des Leçons Que Les États-Unis Peuvent Tirer Du Système De Santé Français, Olivia A. Morin

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


A Review Of The Alteration Of Polychlorinated Biphenyls In The Aquatic Environment With An Analysis Of The Pcb Contamination Of The St. Lawrence River Fish, Kate Bennett 2011 University at Albany, State University of New York

A Review Of The Alteration Of Polychlorinated Biphenyls In The Aquatic Environment With An Analysis Of The Pcb Contamination Of The St. Lawrence River Fish, Kate Bennett

Public Health Undergraduate Program

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Low-Cost Incentives On Active Transportation To School Rates Among Elementary School Students, Sheila G.J. Clark 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

The Effect Of Low-Cost Incentives On Active Transportation To School Rates Among Elementary School Students, Sheila G.J. Clark

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

This study assessed the effectiveness of a school-based active transportation to school (ATS) encouragement program for elementary school students. ATS shows promise for increasing physical activity and preventing excessive weight gain in children. ATS rates were assessed through frequency counts at the control school (N=697) and intervention school (N=693). The intervention encouraged ATS through the distribution of low-cost incentives on one weekday each week. It also required helmet use for participation and included a Walking School Bus component. Findings from this study suggest that the intervention effectively increased ATS on both intervention and non-intervention days.


The Development And Evaluation Of A Safety Skill Intervention For Child Victims Of Neglect, Heather H. Hill 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

The Development And Evaluation Of A Safety Skill Intervention For Child Victims Of Neglect, Heather H. Hill

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Child neglect is the least studied, yet most frequently indicated, type of child maltreatment. Still, there are few assessment and treatment methods specifically designed for victims of child neglect. Unintentional injuries have long remained the leading cause of death for children in the United States after the first year of life, and research suggests the majority of these child fatalities are actually the result of child neglect. Homes of neglectful families are often inundated with safety hazards but child-focused home safety skill interventions have yet to be developed. Thus, the present study focused on the development and initial evaluation of ...


Lead Concentrations In Extracted Primary Teeth Among Clark County Pediatric Patients, Jennifer A. Berger 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Lead Concentrations In Extracted Primary Teeth Among Clark County Pediatric Patients, Jennifer A. Berger

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Childhood lead poisoning is a completely preventable condition, yet only a small portion of children in Nevada are screened for elevated blood lead levels. In 2009 only 6.11 percent of children in Nevada were screened for lead indicating that Nevada would benefit from an alternative method of screening for childhood lead exposure. Deciduous teeth are not currently recognized by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as diagnostic samples for the measurement for lead exposure. However, this unique and innovative detection method utilizes opportunistic samples that will contribute to the childhood lead poisoning prevention efforts in Nevada.

The objectives ...


Modeling Mortality Rates For Leukemia Between Men And Women In The United States, Blessed Quansah 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Modeling Mortality Rates For Leukemia Between Men And Women In The United States, Blessed Quansah

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Leukemia related deaths increased dramatically over the last forty years. Leukemia is a malignant disease or cancer of the bone marrow and blood. It is characterized by the uncontrolled accumulation of blood cells. Leukemia is divided into two categories: myelogenous or lymphocytic, each of which can be acute or chronic. The terms, myelogenous or lymphocytic denote the cell type involved.

In this thesis, the proposed modeling techniques are applied to leukemia deaths data from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER). In particular, annual deaths data from 1969 to 2007 are used in the data analysis, which includes three major ...


Exploring Geographic Proximity To Fast-Food Restaurants And Convenience Stores With Dental Caries In Patients At The University Of Nevada Las Vegas School Of Dental Medicine, Charles K. Hill 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Exploring Geographic Proximity To Fast-Food Restaurants And Convenience Stores With Dental Caries In Patients At The University Of Nevada Las Vegas School Of Dental Medicine, Charles K. Hill

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Dental caries is present worldwide and has afflicted over 90% of all adults in the United States. Biological determinants of the disease are well understood but social determinants and how they interact with biological factors are not. Programs designed to reduce incidence and prevalence of caries often target certain individuals and involve behavioral change. Some programs are more successful when environmental and societal issues are also addressed (Watt, 2002). Biological and behavioral processes leading to caries should include the modification of social factors to enhance results of prevention programs designed to reduce caries in populations. Preventing disease comes not only ...


Effectiveness Of Earthtec ® On Killing Invasive Quagga Mussels (Dreissena Rostriformis Bugenis) And Preventing Their Colonization In The Western U.S., Ashlie Watters 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Effectiveness Of Earthtec ® On Killing Invasive Quagga Mussels (Dreissena Rostriformis Bugenis) And Preventing Their Colonization In The Western U.S., Ashlie Watters

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Dreissena rostriformis bugensis, an invasive species, also known as the quagga mussel, was discovered in Lake Mead, NV in January of 2007. In the four years since detection, quagga mussels have created tremendous economical, ecological, and human health impacts. The mussels clog pipes, ruin boat motors, and damage recreational equipment, and once established in the lake, routine maintenance is necessary to avoid further damage. Because of quagga mussels' high fecundity, planktonic veliger stage, and ability to attach to substrates with byssal threads, they have easily and swiftly spread to other lakes and reservoirs in the Lower Colorado River Basin. Several ...


Playing With Fire Or Arson? Identifying Predictors Of Juvenile Firesetting Behavior, Mary Ellen Britt 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Playing With Fire Or Arson? Identifying Predictors Of Juvenile Firesetting Behavior, Mary Ellen Britt

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Firesetting is a complex behavior that spans a wide range of developmental stages in childhood and adolescence and involves varying motivations and intents. A better understanding of this destructive behavior is critical to developing strategies to control its devastating effects. The purpose of this research project was to identify potential predictors of juvenile firesetting behavior by studying youth who were enrolled in a regional firesetting intervention program. Data collected from firesetting assessment instruments completed by parents or guardians of program participants were examined. In the analyses, special emphasis was placed on evaluating associations between juvenile firesetting behavior and the socioeconomic ...


To Consult Or Not To Consult? Investigating Barriers To Dysparenia Treatment-Seeking In Young Women, Robyn L. Donaldson 2011 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

To Consult Or Not To Consult? Investigating Barriers To Dysparenia Treatment-Seeking In Young Women, Robyn L. Donaldson

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Little is known about mediators of treatment-seeking in dyspareunia. The general health belief literature as well as some existing qualitative data specific to dyspareunia, however, suggests a number of potentially significant barriers that may delay or prevent women from enlisting the aid of health care professionals. The aim of this study was to investigate influences on dyspareunia treatment-seeking behavior in young women, for whom the consequences of treatment avoidance are hypothesized to be the greatest. Given the lack of standardized health behavior measures relevant to intercourse pain, we constructed a measure assessing potential barriers to dyspareunia treatment-seeking. An exploratory principal ...


International Evidence On Medical Spending, Robert D. Lieberthal 2011 Thomas Jefferson University

International Evidence On Medical Spending, Robert D. Lieberthal

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

Abstract
U.S. medical spending is high by measures including the level of spending, level of spending per capita, and level of spending as a share of GDP. U.S. medical spending growth is average by measures including the annual growth rate, annual growth rate per capita, and annual growth in spending as a percent of GDP. The volatility of U.S. medical spending growth is low by measures including the standard deviation, skew, and excess kurtosis.


Foreign healthcare systems, with a much larger government involvement, have not been able to control medical spending growth better than the U.S ...


Opening The Industry Playbook: Myths And Truths In The Debate Over Bpa Regulation, Thomas McGarity, Rena I. Steinzor, Matthew Shudtz, Lena Pons 2011 University of Maryland School of Law

Opening The Industry Playbook: Myths And Truths In The Debate Over Bpa Regulation, Thomas Mcgarity, Rena I. Steinzor, Matthew Shudtz, Lena Pons

Faculty Scholarship

For the last two decades, scientists have amassed evidence that bisphenol A (BPA) poses a threat to human health. Although scientists have targeted BPA as a public health concern, plastics industry lobbyists have attempted to thwart the efforts of federal, state, and local authorities to reduce exposure to BPA. This paper reviews the major arguments advanced by the plastics industry and debunks them as “myths” that public health officials must reject. The five topics covered include: the myth of scientific consensus on safety; the myth that only studies complying with “Good Laboratory Practices” guidelines are adequate for making regulatory decisions ...


Hearing Loss And Task-Based Noise Exposures Among Agricultural Populations, Michael Jerome Humann 2011 University of Iowa

Hearing Loss And Task-Based Noise Exposures Among Agricultural Populations, Michael Jerome Humann

Theses and Dissertations

Hazardous noise exposures and hearing loss have been documented among farmers and farm workers for many years. However, little is known about the noise exposures during specific agricultural work tasks and their effect on hearing loss. The objective of this dissertation was to assess the effects of specific agricultural tasks on hearing loss and their contribution to total noise exposures.

Three studies were conducted to accomplish this objective. The first study examined associations between hearing sensitivity among rural residents (nfarmer = 960, nnon-farmers = 608) and self-reported years of participation in 12 agricultural tasks. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine associations ...


Exposure Assessment For Automotive Repair Tasks In An Attached Garage, Jacob Alexzander Krzystowczyk 2011 University of Iowa

Exposure Assessment For Automotive Repair Tasks In An Attached Garage, Jacob Alexzander Krzystowczyk

Theses and Dissertations

The repair of automobiles is a critical aspect in vehicle ownership and is potential source of volatile toxic compounds being brought into a home when repairs are conducted in an attached garage. The goal of this study was to assess the impact of the repair of automobiles in an attached garage on the exposure of the home mechanic and degradation of indoor air. Five common automotive tasks were performed in two garages with the garage door either opened 30.5 centimeters (n=5) or closed (n=4). The exposure to the home mechanic, the behavior of contaminants within the garage ...


Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (Mrsa) In Midwestern Swine Herds And Swine Workers, Michael John Male 2011 University of Iowa

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (Mrsa) In Midwestern Swine Herds And Swine Workers, Michael John Male

Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in midwestern swine herds and the workers in those herds.


Epidemiology Of Beryllium Sensitization And Pneumoconiosis In The Population Of Former Nuclear Weapons Workers And Current And Former Conventional Munitions Workers From The Iowa Army Ammunition Plant (Iaaap) In Burlington, Iowa, Marek Andrzej Mikulski 2011 University of Iowa

Epidemiology Of Beryllium Sensitization And Pneumoconiosis In The Population Of Former Nuclear Weapons Workers And Current And Former Conventional Munitions Workers From The Iowa Army Ammunition Plant (Iaaap) In Burlington, Iowa, Marek Andrzej Mikulski

Theses and Dissertations

Background: Nuclear and conventional weapons industry workers are at risk for exposures to beryllium, asbestos, high explosives and barium, all of which are implicated in the pathogenesis of pneumoconiosis. Beryllium has also been shown to cause sensitization (BeS) carrying a risk of progression to Chronic Beryllium Lung Disease (CBD). Data are lacking on the epidemiology of beryllium related health effects in conventional munitions workers and limited studies have been published on the prevalence of BeS in workers with minimal exposure. Data on the prevalence of pneumoconiosis in nuclear weapons workers is also lacking. The main objectives of this study were ...


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