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Hiv And Hepatocellular And Esophageal Carcinomas Related To Consumption Of Mycotoxin-Prone Foods In Sub-Saharan Africa, Jonathan H. Williams, Jessica A. Grubbs, Jerry W. Davis, Jia-Sheng Wang, Pauline E. Jolly, Nii-Ayi Ankrah, William O. Ellis, Evans Afriyie-Gyawu, Natalie M. Johnson, Abraham G. Robinson, Timothy D. Phillips 2010 Georgia Southern University

Hiv And Hepatocellular And Esophageal Carcinomas Related To Consumption Of Mycotoxin-Prone Foods In Sub-Saharan Africa, Jonathan H. Williams, Jessica A. Grubbs, Jerry W. Davis, Jia-Sheng Wang, Pauline E. Jolly, Nii-Ayi Ankrah, William O. Ellis, Evans Afriyie-Gyawu, Natalie M. Johnson, Abraham G. Robinson, Timothy D. Phillips

Environmental Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Background: Promotion of the HIV epidemic by aflatoxin is postulated but not yet established. Sub-Saharan populations commonly consume food contaminated by mycotoxins, particularly aflatoxins (predominantly found in peanut, maize, rice, and cassava) and fumonisins, which occur primarily in maize. Aflatoxin promotes hepatocellular cancer, and fumonisin may promote esophageal cancer.

Objectives: This analysis was undertaken to test the hypotheses that consumption of mycotoxin-prone staple foods is 1) related to the incidence of HIV infection in Africa and 2) related to “signature” cancer rates confirming exposure to aflatoxins and fumonisins.

Design: World Health Organization data for causes of death and the Food ...


Prevention Strategies For Musculoskeletal Disorders Among High-Risk Occupational Groups, Alysha Rose Meyers 2010 University of Iowa

Prevention Strategies For Musculoskeletal Disorders Among High-Risk Occupational Groups, Alysha Rose Meyers

Theses and Dissertations

The objective of the three studies in this dissertation was to improve methods to prevent musculoskeletal disorders among workers in high-risk occupations. The first two studies, Strain Index (SI) Studies I & II, addressed this problem by better characterizing the performance of a commonly used observational method of estimating potentially hazardous biomechanical exposures, the SI. The SI combines measures of several biomechanical risk factors into a single value (SI score). Strain Index scores are usually categorized into four ordinal SI "risk categories." In Strain Index Study I, multivariate survival analysis models were compared to evaluate the predictive validity of the original ...


Staphylococcus Aureus In Iowa Child Care Facilities, Erin Denise Moritz 2010 University of Iowa

Staphylococcus Aureus In Iowa Child Care Facilities, Erin Denise Moritz

Theses and Dissertations

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a ubiquitous bacterium that has the potential to cause severe disease in children and adults. Asymptomatic carriage of S. aureus is an important risk factor for developing infection, as well as a key contributor to transmission. Despite the fact that child care workers are at risk of infections, little research has focused on asymptomatic carriage of S. aureus in this occupational group. We collected samples from 110 employees, 81 children, and 214 surfaces at twelve child care facilities, as well as 111 age- and gender-matched adults not employed at child care centers. After adjusting for ...


Incidence Of And Risk Factors For Community-Associated Clostridium Difficile Infection, Jennifer Lee Kuntz 2010 University of Iowa

Incidence Of And Risk Factors For Community-Associated Clostridium Difficile Infection, Jennifer Lee Kuntz

Theses and Dissertations

Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the most common cause of hospital-acquired infectious diarrhea in the United States. Although C. difficile is widely-recognized as a pathogen among hospitalized populations, CDI has emerged in the community setting but is under-diagnosed. This study sought to increase knowledge about the incidence of, risk factors for, and outcomes associated with community-associated CDI (CA-CDI).

A retrospective nested case-control study was conducted using insurance claims data from the Wellmark Data Repository for the time period between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2007. Persons with CDI were identified and were classified as community-associated CDI and hospital-acquired CDI ...


Contagion: Health, Fear, Sovereignty, Bruce Magnusson (Editor), Zahi Zalloua (Editor) 2010 Whitman College

Contagion: Health, Fear, Sovereignty, Bruce Magnusson (Editor), Zahi Zalloua (Editor)

Contagion: Health, Fear, Sovereignty

Global Re-Visions serials

This volume emerged out of the Global Studies Symposium on Contagion held at Whitman College, Walla Walla, Washington, on February 27, 2010. Organized by the Global Studies Initiative, the symposium was developed to stimulate an interdisciplinary conversation on a topic of contemporary relevance.


Front Matter, 2010 Grand Valley State University

Front Matter

Michigan Journal of Public Health

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents, 2010 Grand Valley State University

Table Of Contents

Michigan Journal of Public Health

No abstract provided.


Editorship Of A Public Health Electronic Journal: Profile Of A Leader, Greg Cline, Phd, Julie Gleason-Comstock 2010 Wayne State University

Editorship Of A Public Health Electronic Journal: Profile Of A Leader, Greg Cline, Phd, Julie Gleason-Comstock

Michigan Journal of Public Health

No abstract provided.


Hookah: Prevalence, Perceived Harmfulness, And Factors Associated With Its Use Among College Students, Dae Shik Kim, Patricia Tattersall, Theresa Green, Margaret Richardson, Amy B. Curtis 2010 Western Michigan University

Hookah: Prevalence, Perceived Harmfulness, And Factors Associated With Its Use Among College Students, Dae Shik Kim, Patricia Tattersall, Theresa Green, Margaret Richardson, Amy B. Curtis

Michigan Journal of Public Health

Introduction: Given the increased use and availability of hookah among the US college students, coupled with the health risks related to its use, the current study examined awareness and use of hookah among college students as well as what characteristics are related to the use of hookah. Methods: The study utilized a self administered anonymous survey to gather information about hookah use from the students in an undergraduate general education class (n = 108). Results: The survey results indicated that the large majority of students were aware of hookah, and nearly half of them had used hookah more than once. Level ...


Evaluation Of Prevalence, Transmission, And Prevention Methods Of Salmonellosis From Pet Turtles In Michigan, Karina Ballester, Edwin Vazquez, Mahdi Saeed, Paul C. Bartlett 2010 Michigan State University

Evaluation Of Prevalence, Transmission, And Prevention Methods Of Salmonellosis From Pet Turtles In Michigan, Karina Ballester, Edwin Vazquez, Mahdi Saeed, Paul C. Bartlett

Michigan Journal of Public Health

The sale and distribution of turtles with a carapace smaller than four inches in diameter was banned by federal law in 1975 on the grounds that such animals were frequently associated with human Salmonella infections. However, the popularity of these small turtles as pets has resurfaced, and in many places in Michigan they are being sold illegally. This study was conducted in Michigan to determine the prevalence of Salmonella spp. in the most popular pet turtle species, Trachemys scripta elegans commonly known as red-eared sliders, and to evaluate the compliance of pet stores with laws concerning the sale of these ...


Exploring The Public Health Continuum From Practice And Evaluation To Community-Based Participatory Research, Julie Gleason-Comstock, Talat Danish, Richard Douglass 2010 Wayne State University

Exploring The Public Health Continuum From Practice And Evaluation To Community-Based Participatory Research, Julie Gleason-Comstock, Talat Danish, Richard Douglass

Michigan Journal of Public Health

No abstract provided.


Prostate Health Education And Awareness For Native American Men, Noel Pingatore 2010 Grand Valley State University

Prostate Health Education And Awareness For Native American Men, Noel Pingatore

Michigan Journal of Public Health

No abstract provided.


Integrating Diabetes Primary Prevention Into The Michigan Wisewoman Program, Kristi Pier 2010 Michigan Department of Community Health

Integrating Diabetes Primary Prevention Into The Michigan Wisewoman Program, Kristi Pier

Michigan Journal of Public Health

No abstract provided.


The Use Of Gis Mapping In Targeted Health Surveillance Efforts For Illicit Drug Use In Detroit, Michigan, Gerry Polverento 2010 Wayne County Medical Examiner Office

The Use Of Gis Mapping In Targeted Health Surveillance Efforts For Illicit Drug Use In Detroit, Michigan, Gerry Polverento

Michigan Journal of Public Health

No abstract provided.


Development Of A Cbpr Protocol For An Idu Focus Group On Overdose Prevention And Naloxone Training & Distribution, Julie Gleason-Comstock 2010 Wayne State University

Development Of A Cbpr Protocol For An Idu Focus Group On Overdose Prevention And Naloxone Training & Distribution, Julie Gleason-Comstock

Michigan Journal of Public Health

No abstract provided.


A Systems Approach To Implementing The Enhancefitness Program In Michigan, Karen McCloskey 2010 Michigan Department of Community Health

A Systems Approach To Implementing The Enhancefitness Program In Michigan, Karen Mccloskey

Michigan Journal of Public Health

No abstract provided.


Establishing An Academic Division Supporting Public Health Medical Direction, Molly Polverento 2010 Michigan State University

Establishing An Academic Division Supporting Public Health Medical Direction, Molly Polverento

Michigan Journal of Public Health

No abstract provided.


Establishing An Academic Division Of Geriatrics And Gerontology, William Wadland 2010 Michigan State University

Establishing An Academic Division Of Geriatrics And Gerontology, William Wadland

Michigan Journal of Public Health

No abstract provided.


A New Paradigm For Public Health – The Hipper Model, Yvonne E. Anthony 2010 City of Detroit Department of Health and Wellness Promotion

A New Paradigm For Public Health – The Hipper Model, Yvonne E. Anthony

Michigan Journal of Public Health

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Intimate Partner Violence On Pregnancy Trauma And Placental Abruption, Sandra D. Lane, J. Leone, E. H. Koumans, K. Demott, M. Wojtowycs, J. Jenson 2010 Syracuse University

Effects Of Intimate Partner Violence On Pregnancy Trauma And Placental Abruption, Sandra D. Lane, J. Leone, E. H. Koumans, K. Demott, M. Wojtowycs, J. Jenson

College Research Center

No abstract provided.


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