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Factors Associated With Household Contacts' Tuberculosis Testing And Evaluation, Elvy G. Barroso 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Factors Associated With Household Contacts' Tuberculosis Testing And Evaluation, Elvy G. Barroso

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Contact investigation (CI) is one of the core elements of tuberculosis (TB) control. It is intended to achieve early identification of contacts who may have been exposed to a patient with infectious active TB and contacts who may benefit from treatment for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). LTBI is an infection in which the Mycobacterium tuberculosis organisms cause no signs and symptoms but the infection can be reactivated and develop into full-blown active TB disease. Failure to be identified as a contact is the primary reason for disease development in more than half of TB patients, thus a complete and timely ...


Exploration Of Rape Myths Among Former Military Professionals, Gabrielle Caldara 2018 East Tennessee State University

Exploration Of Rape Myths Among Former Military Professionals, Gabrielle Caldara

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Sexual violence is sometimes considered a taboo topic for discussion, but it gained widespread attention in the media in late 2017 due to the social movements addressing the sexual assault of women. However, sexual violence perpetrated against men lacks publicity in America, and highlights a similar situation in the Armed Forces. A discussion of sexually violent acts committed against men is sometimes impeded by cultural norms. This discrepancy associated with civilian and military communities inspired this exploratory study.

A convenience sample of 520 former American military professionals completed an anonymous online survey to describe their attitudes and beliefs regarding rape ...


College Of Public Health News, Georgia Southern University 2018 Georgia Southern University

College Of Public Health News, Georgia Southern University

Public Health, Jiann-Ping Hsu College of - News

  • Georgia Southern Examines the Impact of Tides on Microbial Water Quality
  • Georgia Southern Investigates Asymptotic Properties of Kernel Density Mode Based Estimation using RSS


Surveying The Current State Of International Outreach In Radiology Training Programs, Benjamin Johnson, Wojciech Kapalczynski, Drew Streicher, Henry Chou, Jessie Stewart, Naiim Ali, Supriya Gupta, Staci M. Gagne, Mary W. Huff 2018 Pueblo Radiology Group

Surveying The Current State Of International Outreach In Radiology Training Programs, Benjamin Johnson, Wojciech Kapalczynski, Drew Streicher, Henry Chou, Jessie Stewart, Naiim Ali, Supriya Gupta, Staci M. Gagne, Mary W. Huff

Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: Over the past decade, there has been an increased level of attention focused on improving radiology’s contributions to global health programs in resource-restricted areas of the world. This has led to the formation of new organizations and international imaging partnerships. As a result, there have been related publications and guidelines, which has increased awareness and interest amongst current and prospective radiology trainees.

Methods and Materials: With this survey of residency program directors, we set out to: 1) examine current opinions of and experience with integrating international and outreach opportunities into their training curriculum; and 2) to analyze these ...


Herpes Zoster Patient Education: A Coloring Book Approach, Sophia Charuhas 2018 Liberty University

Herpes Zoster Patient Education: A Coloring Book Approach, Sophia Charuhas

Senior Honors Theses

Shingles, the disease caused by the herpes zoster virus, is a widespread and widely misunderstood illness in the United States. It is preventable, but many at-risk patients do not know what measures they may take to prevent it. Clear communication from physician to patient is crucial for patient understanding of diseases. Many patient education materials on herpes zoster currently available are often unused. It is therefore beneficial to public health to disseminate new mediums of medical communication, and one way of accomplishing this is through adult coloring books. The pathophysiology of herpes zoster virus is here explored and the idea ...


Aggressive Diuresis And Severity-Adjusted Length Of Hospital Stay In Acute Congestive Heart Failure Patients., Muhammad U. Butt M.D. 2018 Selected Works

Aggressive Diuresis And Severity-Adjusted Length Of Hospital Stay In Acute Congestive Heart Failure Patients., Muhammad U. Butt M.D.

Muhammad Umer Butt M.D., MSCRD

To see if aggressive diuresis in 1st 24 hours is associated with a comparable number of total days in the hospital as compared to non-aggressive diuresis.  In this retrospective cohort study, we compared the length of hospital stay of consecutive patients admitted in one year based on their diuresis during the first twenty-four hours of hospitalization: aggressive diuresis (group 1) i.e. >2400mL versus non-aggressive diuresis (group 2) i.e. ≤ 2400mL urine output. Patients were excluded if in cardiogenic shock, had creatinine level above 3 mg/dL on admission, or on dialysis. A total of 194 patients were enrolled (29 ...


Reviving Traditional Native American Food With The Hunt. Fish. Gather. Program, Jeremy Vu, Kellie Thompson, Steven Hayworth, Jennifer Gallagher, Miquela Ibrao, Molly Tovar 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Reviving Traditional Native American Food With The Hunt. Fish. Gather. Program, Jeremy Vu, Kellie Thompson, Steven Hayworth, Jennifer Gallagher, Miquela Ibrao, Molly Tovar

Journal on Race, Inequality, and Social Mobility in America

In the United States, high incidences of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, depression, anxiety, and stress affect large portions of the population. One way to prevent, manage, and protect against these health-related difficulties is to maintain a healthy diet. To accomplish this, people can turn to traditional Native American foods, which are minimally processed, locally produced, nutrient-dense, and low in trans-fat. This study examined health awareness outcomes from the Hunt. Fish. Gather. (H.F.G.) program, a Native American cuisine program seeking to increase awareness of traditional Native foods with a focus on mind, body, spirit, and environment. Upon completion ...


Identifying What Matters To Hysterectomy Patients: Postsurgery Perceptions, Beliefs, And Experiences, Andrew S. Bossick, Roopina Sangha, Heather Olden, Gwen L. Alexander, Ganesa Wegienka 2018 Henry Ford Health System

Identifying What Matters To Hysterectomy Patients: Postsurgery Perceptions, Beliefs, And Experiences, Andrew S. Bossick, Roopina Sangha, Heather Olden, Gwen L. Alexander, Ganesa Wegienka

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Hysterectomy is the most common nonobstetrical surgery for women in the United States. Few investigations comparing hysterectomy surgical approaches include patient-centered outcomes.

Methods: The study was performed at Henry Ford Health System (Detroit, MI) between February 2015 and May 2015. A total of 1,038 eligible women — those 18 to 65 years of age and who had an electronic medical record-documented Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®) code or an International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition (ICD-9) code of hysterectomy between December 2012 and December 2014 — were selected and recruited. A question guide was developed to investigate women’s experiences ...


Uncertainty And Competing Priorities In Shared Clinical Decision-Making, Dennis J. Baumgardner 2018 Aurora UW Medical Group, Aurora Health Care

Uncertainty And Competing Priorities In Shared Clinical Decision-Making, Dennis J. Baumgardner

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

In this issue introduction, the editor-in-chief of Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews observes that a connecting thread among the articles published therein is an element of uncertainty among patients and clinicians. Competing priorities for the patient also may be present. Several approaches to overcoming these prevalent conflicts to delivery of better health care have been proposed, the most important of which may be clinicians embracing a will to practice shared decision-making.


The Needs Of Women Treated For Ovarian Cancer: Results From A #Gyncsm Twitter Chat, Teresa Hagan Thomas, Karin Nauth-Shelley, Michael A. Thompson, Deanna J. Attai, Matthew S. Katz, David Graham, Dee Sparacio, Christina Lizaso, Audun Utengen, Don S. Dizon 2018 University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing

The Needs Of Women Treated For Ovarian Cancer: Results From A #Gyncsm Twitter Chat, Teresa Hagan Thomas, Karin Nauth-Shelley, Michael A. Thompson, Deanna J. Attai, Matthew S. Katz, David Graham, Dee Sparacio, Christina Lizaso, Audun Utengen, Don S. Dizon

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Ovarian cancer is the most fatal of all gynecologic cancers, with a high relapse rate regardless of stage. Women treated for ovarian cancer, therefore, likely have supportive care needs that extend well beyond the time frame of first-line therapy. Unfortunately, there is minimal data describing these needs. The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand the supportive care needs of women with ovarian care at the end of treatment.

Methods: To better understand the issues faced by women with ovarian cancer, we conducted a public Twitter chat in collaboration with gynecologic cancer social media (#gyncsm). Both quantitative and ...


'No Pink Ribbons': How Women's Lived Experiences With Breast Atypia Inform Decisions Involving Risk-Reducing Medications, Sarah L. Goff, Reva Kleppel, Grace Makari-Judson 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School - Baystate

'No Pink Ribbons': How Women's Lived Experiences With Breast Atypia Inform Decisions Involving Risk-Reducing Medications, Sarah L. Goff, Reva Kleppel, Grace Makari-Judson

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Atypical hyperplasia (AH) is associated with a nearly 4-fold elevation of lifetime risk for breast cancer, and lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is associated with a 7- to 8-fold risk. Women with AH/LCIS make numerous decisions in the course of treatment, including whether to take a risk-reducing medication, an option relatively few women pursue. We explored women’s decision-making processes through patient narratives in an effort to inform decision supports for AH/LCIS.

Methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 20 English-speaking women with AH/LCIS and no subsequent diagnosis of invasive breast cancer who had enrolled in the ...


Patients Are Our Teachers, Robert E. Becker, Mary V. Seeman 2018 National Institute of Aging

Patients Are Our Teachers, Robert E. Becker, Mary V. Seeman

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

In the patient-physician encounter, physicians hone their skills while alleviating the patient’s suffering. Both benefit. Leaning on the work of Hippocrates, Darwin, and William Osler, the authors sketch out the case for honoring patients as indispensable teachers of the art and science of medicine. They argue that this tradition of Hippocratic medicine both anticipates modern precision medicine and reawakens a focus on public health medicine, each a benefit to the patients and communities served by physicians. A community that compromises the learning relationship of physician to patient and population undermines quality of care.


Use Of Urine Antigen Testing For Blastomyces In An Integrated Health System, Dennis J. Baumgardner 2018 Aurora UW Medical Group, Aurora Health Care

Use Of Urine Antigen Testing For Blastomyces In An Integrated Health System, Dennis J. Baumgardner

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Blastomycosis, an endemic fungal infection, mimics many other diseases. We explored the use of Blastomyces urine antigen (BuAg), reportedly the most sensitive noninvasive test, in clinical practice and compared it to other noninvasive tests.

Methods: A total of 836 BuAg tests performed on unique patients (first test only) at one large integrated health system from June 2013 to May 2016 were retrospectively reviewed to examine test characteristics and demographic features. Of these, 100 cases from 2015, a year containing a large local blastomycosis outbreak, were randomly selected for detailed analysis.

Results: Demographics for the BuAg-tested population: mean age 54 ...


Lifetime Risk Of Atrial Fibrillation According To Optimal, Borderline, Or Elevated Levels Of Risk Factors: Cohort Study Based On Longitudinal Data From The Framingham Heart Study, Laila Staerk, Biqi Wang, Sarah R. Preis, Martin G. Larson, Steven A. Lubitz, Patrick T. Ellinor, David D. McManus, Darae Ko, Lu-Chen Weng, Kathryn L. Lunetta, Lars Frost, Emelia J. Benjamin, Ludovic Trinquart 2018 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Lifetime Risk Of Atrial Fibrillation According To Optimal, Borderline, Or Elevated Levels Of Risk Factors: Cohort Study Based On Longitudinal Data From The Framingham Heart Study, Laila Staerk, Biqi Wang, Sarah R. Preis, Martin G. Larson, Steven A. Lubitz, Patrick T. Ellinor, David D. Mcmanus, Darae Ko, Lu-Chen Weng, Kathryn L. Lunetta, Lars Frost, Emelia J. Benjamin, Ludovic Trinquart

Open Access Articles

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between risk factor burdens-categorized as optimal, borderline, or elevated-and the lifetime risk of atrial fibrillation.

DESIGN: Community based cohort study.

SETTING: Longitudinal data from the Framingham Heart Study.

PARTICIPANTS: Individuals free of atrial fibrillation at index ages 55, 65, and 75 years were assessed. Smoking, alcohol consumption, body mass index, blood pressure, diabetes, and history of heart failure or myocardial infarction were assessed as being optimal (that is, all risk factors were optimal), borderline (presence of borderline risk factors and absence of any elevated risk factor), or elevated (presence of at least one elevated risk ...


Increasing Resistance To Azithromycin In Neisseria Gonorrhoeae In Eastern Chinese Cities: Resistance Mechanisms And Genetic Diversity Among Isolates From Nanjing, Chuan Wan, Yang Li, Wen-Jing Le, Yu-Rong Liu, Sai Li, Bao-Xi Wang, Peter A. Rice, Xiao-Hong Su 2018 Peking Union Medical College

Increasing Resistance To Azithromycin In Neisseria Gonorrhoeae In Eastern Chinese Cities: Resistance Mechanisms And Genetic Diversity Among Isolates From Nanjing, Chuan Wan, Yang Li, Wen-Jing Le, Yu-Rong Liu, Sai Li, Bao-Xi Wang, Peter A. Rice, Xiao-Hong Su

Open Access Articles

Azithromycin resistance (AZM-R) of Neisseria gonorrhoeae is emerging as a clinical and public health challenge. We determined molecular characteristics of recent AZM-R Nanjing gonococcal isolates and tracked the emergence of AZM-R isolates in eastern Chinese cities in recent years. A total of 384 N. gonorrhoeae isolates from Nanjing collected from 2013 to 2014 were tested for susceptibility to AZM and six additional antibiotics; all AZM-R strains were characterized genetically for resistance determinants by sequencing and were genotyped using N. gonorrhoeae multiantigen sequence typing (NG-MAST). Among the 384 isolates, 124 (32.3%) were AZM-R. High-level resistance (MIC, > /=256 mg/liter) was ...


Homeless And Marginally Housed Veteran Perspectives On Participating In A Photo-Elicitation Research Study, Keri L. Rodriguez, Daniel O. Hedayati, Lauren M. Broyles, Melissa E. Wieland, Michael A. Mitchell, James W. Conley, Shaddy K. Saba, Adam J. Gordon 2018 VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System

Homeless And Marginally Housed Veteran Perspectives On Participating In A Photo-Elicitation Research Study, Keri L. Rodriguez, Daniel O. Hedayati, Lauren M. Broyles, Melissa E. Wieland, Michael A. Mitchell, James W. Conley, Shaddy K. Saba, Adam J. Gordon

Patient Experience Journal

Photo-elicitation interviewing (PEI) seems a valuable tool for engaging marginalized populations in research despite documented challenges. Given limited data on acceptability of PEI among homeless and marginally housed Veterans, this evaluation aimed to characterize their research experience. Veterans took photographs about health, health behaviors, and health care which facilitated semi-structured interviews. Their research study experience was assessed via a modified Reactions to Research Participation Questionnaire-Revised (RRPQ-R), along with additional survey and open-ended questions. Of the 20 participants who consented and participated, 16 (80%) completed the exit surveys. Most participants (>88%) indicated favorable experiences and limited drawbacks. Respondents disagreed that participation ...


What Are The Most Important Dimensions Of Quality For Addiction And Mental Health Services From The Perspective Of Its Users?, Priscilla Liu, Shawn Currie, Jassandre Adamyk-Simpson 2018 Alberta Health Services

What Are The Most Important Dimensions Of Quality For Addiction And Mental Health Services From The Perspective Of Its Users?, Priscilla Liu, Shawn Currie, Jassandre Adamyk-Simpson

Patient Experience Journal

There is a need to better engage service users in improving their experience with the care received in Addiction and Mental Health (A&MH). Dimensions of patient experience that are most salient to A&MH service users still remain to be properly defined from the patient perspective. This research focuses on identifying key domains of service experience important to patients of Addiction and Mental Health using patient focus groups. In addition, through a patient and family advisory committee, patients were also engaged as co-partners of the research team. The patient advisors had a major role in overseeing the research project, assisting with the thematic analysis and identifying the service domains. A total of 48 individuals (60% female; mean age = 45 years) with lived experience using A&MH services participated in the focus groups. The major themes that emerged from the focus groups led to the identification of seven dimensions of service quality: 1) access, 2) humanity of care, 3) skill and quality of staff, 4) patient engagement, 5) internal and external program communication, 6) individualized treatment and 7) continuity of care. We found that these domains were similar across all service settings including addictions ...


Exploring Workforce Confidence And Patient Experiences: A Quantitative Analysis, Katie M. Owens, Stephanie Keller 2018 formerly of HealthStream

Exploring Workforce Confidence And Patient Experiences: A Quantitative Analysis, Katie M. Owens, Stephanie Keller

Patient Experience Journal

Confidence is recognized as one of the most influential factors to affect performance. Individual, leader, and team confidence play essential roles in achieving success and the absence of confidence has been connected with failure. While confidence is not a substitute for competency, it creates trusting relationships, empowerment, and resiliency to persevere when challenges arise. Objective: In this study, we examined workforce confidence in the patient experience and patient perceptions of their experience of care. Methods: We compared responses to the Patient-Centered Excellence Survey (PCES) from 41 United States hospitals, measuring workforce confidence in the patient experience provided, to patient’s ...


Nursing Transfer Of Accountability At The Bedside: Partnering With Patients To Pilot A New Initiative In Ontario Community Hospitals, Kristina BA Miller, Aden Hamza, Kateryna Metersky, Dianne M. Gaffney 2018 Western University

Nursing Transfer Of Accountability At The Bedside: Partnering With Patients To Pilot A New Initiative In Ontario Community Hospitals, Kristina Ba Miller, Aden Hamza, Kateryna Metersky, Dianne M. Gaffney

Patient Experience Journal

The transfer of accountability (TOA) for a patient from one nurse to another at change of shift is an important opportunity to exchange essential patient care information, as well as to enhance the safety and quality of patient care. This study was undertaken to explore nurses’, patients’ and family members’ perceptions associated with the implementation of bedside nurse to nurse TOA. Focus groups were conducted pre-implementation (two with nurses and two with patients and family members) and post-implementation (six with nurses and two with patients and family members). The focus groups were audio-recorded, transcribed and analysed using directed content analysis ...


Family-Centered Caregiving From Hospital To Home: Coping With Trauma And Building Capacity With The Hope For Families Model, Anna Newcomb, L Gordon Moore, Holly C. Matto 2018 Inova Fairfax Medical Campus

Family-Centered Caregiving From Hospital To Home: Coping With Trauma And Building Capacity With The Hope For Families Model, Anna Newcomb, L Gordon Moore, Holly C. Matto

Patient Experience Journal

Informal caregivers and families play a significant role in the recovery process of trauma survivors. However, the needs and outcomes of orthopedic caregiving family members in the months following traumatic injury have received almost no attention in the literature. Our study sought to understand the factors impacting orthopedic trauma families’ experience and their ability to cope and provide care post-acute hospitalization. Based on these findings, we designed a hospital-based program to enhance family coping and adjustment post-discharge. Caregivers (N=12) of patients with orthopedic trauma injury engaged in three in-depth semi-structured face-to-face interviews to identify their most salient concerns. Once ...


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