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Venezuela Public Health Issue, Luke Vargas 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Venezuela Public Health Issue, Luke Vargas

Global Public Health

While every country around the world faces a form of public health issues, the issues that the country of Venezuela faces are different. Their public health problem is not a disease that can be solved by science, or a cure. It’s a problem that can only be solved by the people within the county itself. The country of Venezuela now lacks the proper medical supplies needed to help cure diseases and normal vaccinations, and the only ones to blame is their government. Because their government has now refused to pay their debts to the surrounding countries they have now ...


Qatar: Diabetes, DiAngelo Gonzalez 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Qatar: Diabetes, Diangelo Gonzalez

Global Public Health

The State of Qatar is a developed nation that is located in the Middle East and borders the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia. The nation is a constitutional monarchy and is currently led by Amir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani. The 2,300,000+ people of Qatar face many major challenges. Although it is one of the wealthiest nations in the Middle East, Qatar faces issues of human trafficking, migrants willing to work in poor conditions, and Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). The most critical issue that plagues this county is diabetes, both I and II. Diabetes is a disease ...


Russian Federation: Alcoholism, Hannah Vercellotti 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Russian Federation: Alcoholism, Hannah Vercellotti

Global Public Health

The Russian Federation, better known as Russia, is the largest nation in the world. While the country faces numerous internal and external challenges, one of the most prevalent public health issues is alcoholism and excessive alcohol use. This is particularly concerning since, in addition to direct mortalities, alcoholism leads to Russia’s leading cause of death, coronary heart disease. The research compiled in this brief examines general information about the country, a few common public health issues faced, basic epidemiology, and previous interventions targeted at reducing alcoholism and excessive alcohol use. The project then proposes a future intervention aimed at ...


Myanmar: Malaria, Michelle Grevengoed 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Myanmar: Malaria, Michelle Grevengoed

Global Public Health

Myanmar is an underdeveloped country that struggles with the problem of lack of medical access and expensive healthcare. The endemic of Malaria has been going on for several years in this country and many efforts have been made to try and decrease the Public Health issue. However, Myanmar still has the highest number of Malaria-related deaths. The Myanmar government is continuously working at improving the healthcare system to help with the Malaria endemic. However, the poor country still continues to struggle with this issue. The parasite, P. falciparum, has been an ongoing issue since it is resistant to the anti-malarial ...


Provider Opinion: Should We Screen And Counsel Parents Of Teen Drivers Regarding Texting/Distracted Driving?, Daniel Lambert 2018 University of Vermont

Provider Opinion: Should We Screen And Counsel Parents Of Teen Drivers Regarding Texting/Distracted Driving?, Daniel Lambert

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Adolescent texting and driving has been directly responsible for the deaths of 11 teenagers every day. 33% of teenagers in Vermont admit to texting and driving making it one of the most prevalent risky behaviors in their age group. Currently there is no routine screening recommendation for parents with adolescent drivers addressing texting and driving. Mobile application information can improve parental monitoring and prevent texting and driving habits from forming in adolescents.


Grenada: Cardiovascular Disease, Talayah Lemon 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Grenada: Cardiovascular Disease, Talayah Lemon

Global Public Health

Grenada has a population of 109,011 people. This public health brief encompasses cardiovascular disease and its impact in the country of Grenada. The country suffers from high level of AIDS/HIV, obesity, diabetes, etc. However, Cardiovascular disease is very prevalent in Grenada. About 34% of the population suffer from the disease. Cardiovascular disease affects the blood supply flow to the heart. Grenada’s health system has provided solutions such as providing adequate health care, but lack some healthcare services, such as cardiology and vascular surgeries. Cardiovascular disease has a huge impact on the population, but Grenada works towards ways ...


Supervised Injection Facilities, Ruth Shefner, Colleen McGrath, Meghana Sharma, Evan Anderson, Benjamin Cocchiaro 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Supervised Injection Facilities, Ruth Shefner, Colleen Mcgrath, Meghana Sharma, Evan Anderson, Benjamin Cocchiaro

CPHI Data Briefs

Injection drug use once accounted for half of the new HIV cases each year in Philadelphia. Today, it accounts for less than 6%. This achievement is the result, in large part, of increased access to sterile syringes through needle exchange at Prevention Point Philadelphia. But while tremendous strides have been made in reducing the HIV risk for people who inject drugs (PWID), the story with respect to skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI) and overdose is grim. SSTIs are life-threatening, painful, and remain common among PWID. Rates of fatal overdose, meanwhile, have skyrocketed in recent years, resulting in 907 deaths ...


Relationships Among Vitamin D Deficiency, Metabolic Syndrome, Smoking Behavior, And Physical Activity, Ethan Pham 2018 Walden University

Relationships Among Vitamin D Deficiency, Metabolic Syndrome, Smoking Behavior, And Physical Activity, Ethan Pham

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Aging increases the risk of both vitamin D deficiency and metabolic syndrome. Vitamin D deficiency and metabolic syndrome may be related, although there are mixed findings. Furthermore, literature suggests other factors such as physical fitness activity and smoking behavior are associated with Vitamin D deficiency and the development of metabolic syndrome. A number of studies have documented associations between Vitamin D levels and physical fitness activities, while other studies found correlations between Vitamin D levels, metabolic syndrome, and smoking behavior. However, no previous study has examined the links between physical fitness activity, smoking behavior, Vitamin D levels, and the risks ...


“We Hide…”: Perceptions Of Hiv Risk Among Black And Latino Msm In New York City, Ashley Murray, Zaneta Gaul, Madeline Y. Sutton, Jose Nanin 2018 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

“We Hide…”: Perceptions Of Hiv Risk Among Black And Latino Msm In New York City, Ashley Murray, Zaneta Gaul, Madeline Y. Sutton, Jose Nanin

Publications and Research

Black and Latino men who have sex with men (BLMSM) are disproportionately infected with HIV; they comprised 66% of HIV diagnoses among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States in 2015. Risk factors for HIV infection among BLMSM include a high community prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed HIV/STDs, and dense sex partner networks. Perceptions of HIV risk among BLMSM were explored to inform HIV prevention efforts. During 2011–2012, semistructured interviews were conducted with BLMSM in New York City. Using computer-assisted thematic analyses (NVivo), transcribed interview responses to questions regarding HIV risk for main themes ...


Niger: Meningitis, Rodrigo Medeiros 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Niger: Meningitis, Rodrigo Medeiros

Global Public Health

Niger is a semi-presidential republic located in western Africa. The majority of the population lives in the most extreme southern part of the country since 80% of Niger’s territory is occupied by the Sahara desert. The desert has been spreading in recent years forcing people to leave their subsistence farms. The majority of the population lives with less than 1 dollar per day. The first meningitis outbreak lasted from 2002 until 2012, but the 2015 outbreak was the one that caused more damage to the countries located in the meningitis belt of sub-Saharan Africa. The meningitis belt is the ...


Virgin Islands: Heart Disease, Dylan Hayden 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Virgin Islands: Heart Disease, Dylan Hayden

Global Public Health

The Virgin Islands are located in the Caribbean. The arc of Caribbean islands begins off the coast of Florida and extends all the way to South America. When the Revised Organic Act of 1954 was established, the United States Congress declared the U.S. Virgin Islands to be an unincorporated territory of the United States. The Virgin Islands government consist of three branches that are known as Judicial, Executive , and Legislative branch. There are some major challenges in Virgin Islands. Some of them are: several hurricanes in recent years, frequent and severe droughts and floods, and occasional earthquakes. With that ...


Panama: Ischemic Heart Disease, Alexander R. Ligeza 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Panama: Ischemic Heart Disease, Alexander R. Ligeza

Global Public Health

This public health brief draws attention to the issue of ischemic heart disease that is currently plaguing Panama. Due largely to the dietary culture of the country, ischemic heart disease remains the number one health-related killer of Panamanians. Over the past few decades, there has been a stark increase in the amount of processed foods that are becoming a large part of the diets of western nations, and Panama has become no stranger to this trend. Although there have been great strides made in the treatment of ischemic heart disease, Panama still has a long road ahead of itself before ...


Mozambique: Hiv/Aids, Camila Davila 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Mozambique: Hiv/Aids, Camila Davila

Global Public Health

Mozambique is a country located in Southeastern Africa near the Mozambique Channel and the Indian Ocean. The president of this nation is Filipe Jacinto Nyusi. The total population is 26, 573, 706 which is composed of mostly 99.68% Africans and other minorities. Its national language is Portuguese although most of the population speaks Emarkhuwa. Most of the population is Catholic and a few others include Muslims and Zionist Christians. Mozambique faces several challenges with malaria, poverty, malnutrition, HIV/AIDS, and illicit drugs. HIV/AIDS is a common health problem that targets the immune system and is transmitted through bodily ...


Swaziland: Hiv/Aids, Ibrahim El Kamla 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Swaziland: Hiv/Aids, Ibrahim El Kamla

Global Public Health

No abstract provided.


Northern Mariana Islands: Hepatitis B, Dennis Thornton 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Northern Mariana Islands: Hepatitis B, Dennis Thornton

Global Public Health

The Northern Mariana Islands consists of a group of Islands in the Pacific Ocean that are a United States commonwealth, meaning that they are technically a part of the United States and follow our government, which is a constitutional republic. This string of islands has had a problem with Hepatitis B in the past. This is a problem for all genders, and all ages, but is most common among drug users, diabetics, and individuals who engage in sexual acts with multiple partners. This illness attacks a person's bloodstream and can be serious enough to cause liver failure and extreme ...


Vanuatu: Malaria, Cody Wheeler 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Vanuatu: Malaria, Cody Wheeler

Global Public Health

Vanuatu is a small archipelago near Australia with a population of over 280,000. This nation consists of almost all native Vanuatuans, who live in rural areas. This young nation, only 40 years of independence, has many issues ranging from infantile mortality to an underdeveloped infrastructure, water and sanitation issues. This brief’s focus is the endemic of malaria, specifically the Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax strains of the disease. The nation is attempting to manage the issue through implementation of screening and better testing for malaria. The use of insecticide treated nets (ITNs) is also prevalent, but in some ...


Tanzania: Hiv/Aids, Francis Faasen 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Tanzania: Hiv/Aids, Francis Faasen

Global Public Health

Tanzania has a lot of issues going on in the community, but HIV/AIDS is the number one issue they are facing. Over 5% of their population has the HIV/Aids virus. There are many interventions that have been tried in Tanzania. In the last year there have been over 50,000 new cases of HIV/Aids in Tanzania. The goal is to main those numbers go down dramatically in the coming years. The two most common interventions are trying to educate this subject at a young age and provide condoms to the population. They tried giving condoms out to ...


Tonga: Chronic Diseases, Muhammad Taimoor 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Tonga: Chronic Diseases, Muhammad Taimoor

Global Public Health

Tonga is an Archipelago in the south Pacific Ocean, south of Samoa. The public health brief project is on chronic diseases in Tonga. The total population of Tonga was 107,122 in 2010. The Free Wesleyan Church of Tonga is the established religion in Tonga. Tongan’s make up the majority of the population but there are other ethnicities such as Euromericans and Europeans too. The major challenges faced by Tonga are decaying infrastructure, low economy, and political corruption. The widespread of non-communicable diseases such as cancer is a major health issue in Tonga. 74% of all adults in Tonga ...


Somalia: Rift Valley Fever, Alyson Meeks 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Somalia: Rift Valley Fever, Alyson Meeks

Global Public Health

This walks readers through the basic demographics of Somalia, a country located in the horn of Africa. After learning about the government in Somalia and the problems that the people of the country face, this focuses on the problem of Rift Valley Fever. Rift Valley Fever is a virus that year after year strikes Somalia and surrounding countries. Weather patterns seem to help predict when Rift Valley Fever will be at the highest risk for an outbreak. This outlines the steps the current government and people are trying to take to help prevent outbreaks of RVF. But the solutions currently ...


Central African Republic: Malaria, Molly Buck 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Central African Republic: Malaria, Molly Buck

Global Public Health

The Central African Republic faces many social, economic, and wellness issues. The malaria endemic faced by the country is a leading cause of death and impacts a high percentage of the population. Social and political unrest, stemming from government corruption unveiled in 2012, have contributed to current issues, though the country has been unstable since gaining independence from France in the 1960s. Anarchy and rebellion in the region have heightened issues of violence and lack of much needed resources such as food and medicine. Food shortages are seen in this already malnourished area, and violent outbreaks have overturned some medical ...


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