Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Public Health Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

23,709 Full-Text Articles 43,793 Authors 5,991,943 Downloads 291 Institutions

All Articles in Public Health

Faceted Search

23,709 full-text articles. Page 6 of 877.

Partners For Excellence: Committed To Meaningful Partnerships With Patients And Families In Pediatrics, Rachel Biblow, MSW, Sara Toomey MD, MPhil, MPH, MSc 2018 The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Partners For Excellence: Committed To Meaningful Partnerships With Patients And Families In Pediatrics, Rachel Biblow, Msw, Sara Toomey Md, Mphil, Mph, Msc

Patient Experience Journal

Although the landscape in pediatrics continues to shift and change, one of the keys to our continued success remains the same… it’s about partnership. It’s clear the element of partnership is well woven through our organizations as illustrated by many of us having patient and family advisory councils, family consultants, and family partners. While this foundation is strong and essential, we must do more to truly listen, recognize the value of patient and family involvement, act upon the information shared, openly discuss issues, and strive for better together. True partnership with patients and families requires us to shift ...


Lessons For Patient Experience From The Voices Of Pediatrics And Children’S Hospitals, Jason A. Wolf PhD, CPXP 2018 The Beryl Institute / Patient Experience Journal

Lessons For Patient Experience From The Voices Of Pediatrics And Children’S Hospitals, Jason A. Wolf Phd, Cpxp

Patient Experience Journal

This special issue on patient & family experience in children’s hospitals and pediatric care underlines pediatrics’ position as a leader in the experience journey. In pediatrics and children’s hospitals significant efforts are made to the ensure the environment is welcoming and comfortable, there is a commitment to communicating to patients – the children that are cared for – in a way they can understand, and there is a clear intention of engaging family members as an integral part of the care experience. In acknowledging that this is a special issue on pediatrics, we would miss a significant opportunity if we were ...


Bibliometric Analysis Of Gaps In Research On Asbestos-Related Diseases: Declining Emphasis On Public Health Over 26 Years, Ro-Ting Lin, Matthew John Soeberg, Lung-Chang Chien, Scott Fisher, Jukka Takala, Richard Lemen, Tim Driscoll, Ken Takahashi 2018 China Medical University; University of Sydney

Bibliometric Analysis Of Gaps In Research On Asbestos-Related Diseases: Declining Emphasis On Public Health Over 26 Years, Ro-Ting Lin, Matthew John Soeberg, Lung-Chang Chien, Scott Fisher, Jukka Takala, Richard Lemen, Tim Driscoll, Ken Takahashi

Community Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Objectives The global burden of asbestos-related diseases (ARDs) is significant, and most of the world’s population live in countries where asbestos use continues. We examined the gaps between ARD research and suggestions of WHO and the International Labour Organization on prevention. Methods From the Web of Science, we collected data on all articles published during 1991–2016 and identified a subset of ARD-related articles. We classified articles into three research areas—laboratory, clinical and public health—and examined their time trends. For all and the top 11 countries publishing ARD-related articles, we calculated the proportions of all ARD-related articles ...


A Case For Including Sepsis Identification In First Aid Education, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino 2018 Aultman College of Nursing & Health Sciences

A Case For Including Sepsis Identification In First Aid Education, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Trauma Recovery: A Heroic Journey, Brenda Keck, Lisa Compton, Corie Schoeneberg, Tucker Compton 2018 Regent University

Trauma Recovery: A Heroic Journey, Brenda Keck, Lisa Compton, Corie Schoeneberg, Tucker Compton

Heroism Science: An Interdisciplinary Journal

Trauma survivors who choose to enter into trauma recovery may be viewed as individuals embarking on a hero’s journey. Historically, many of the coping strategies utilized by individuals who are experiencing post-traumatic stress have been viewed as inherently disordered and personally dysfunctional. An alternative perspective of these behaviors calls for an examination of strengths present within trauma survivors, suggesting a reframe of their symptomology as ingenuity in coping during adverse circumstances and an appreciation for the difficulty of living with traumatic memories. This article highlights the challenging process of trauma recovery as it parallels Campbell’s (1949) metaphor of ...


Exploring The Physical Activity And Screen Viewing-Related Knowledge, Training, And Self-Efficacy Of Early Childhood Education Candidates, Brianne Bruijns 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Exploring The Physical Activity And Screen Viewing-Related Knowledge, Training, And Self-Efficacy Of Early Childhood Education Candidates, Brianne Bruijns

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Early childhood educators (ECEs) greatly influence young children’s physical activity (PA) and screen viewing (SV) behaviours. This study explored the PA and SV-related knowledge (i.e., of important PA/SV concepts), training (i.e., PA/SV courses/content received), and self-efficacy (i.e., to facilitate PA and limit SV in childcare) of early childhood education students. A sample of 1,292 students from 61 Canadian colleges/universities completed the online survey. In general, students exhibited the least amount of knowledge regarding the link between SV and health. Further, 67.8% and 73.3% of students had not completed PA ...


Wide Educational Disparities In Young Adult Cardiovascular Health, Elizabeth M. Lawrence, Robert A. Hummer, Benjamin W. Domingue, Kathleen Mullan Harris 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Wide Educational Disparities In Young Adult Cardiovascular Health, Elizabeth M. Lawrence, Robert A. Hummer, Benjamin W. Domingue, Kathleen Mullan Harris

Sociology Faculty Publications

Widening educational differences in overall health and recent stagnation in cardiovascular disease mortality rates highlight the critical need to describe and understand educational disparities in cardiovascular health (CVH) among U.S. young adults. We use two data sets representative of the U.S. population to examine educational disparities in CVH among young adults (24–34) coming of age in the 21st century: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2005–2010; N= 689) and the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (2007–2008; N=11,200). We employ descriptive statistics and regression analysis. The results show that fewer ...


Impact Of Timing Of Influenza Vaccination In Pregnancy On Transplacental Antibody Transfer, Influenza Incidence, And Birth Outcomes: A Randomized Trial In Rural Nepal., Joanne Katz, Janet A Englund, Mark C Steinhoff, Subarna K Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Jane Kuypers, Luke C Mullany, Helen Y Chu, Steven C LeClerq, Naoko Kozuki, James M Tielsch 2018 George Washington University

Impact Of Timing Of Influenza Vaccination In Pregnancy On Transplacental Antibody Transfer, Influenza Incidence, And Birth Outcomes: A Randomized Trial In Rural Nepal., Joanne Katz, Janet A Englund, Mark C Steinhoff, Subarna K Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Jane Kuypers, Luke C Mullany, Helen Y Chu, Steven C Leclerq, Naoko Kozuki, James M Tielsch

Global Health Faculty Publications

Background: Maternal influenza vaccination protects mothers and their infants in low resource settings, but little is known about whether the protection varies by gestational age at vaccination.

Methods: Women of childbearing age in rural southern Nepal were surveilled for pregnancy, consented and randomized to receive maternal influenza vaccination or placebo, with randomization stratified on gestational age (17-25 or 26-34 weeks). Enrollment occurred in 2 annual cohorts, and vaccinations occurred from April 2011 through September 2013.

Results: In sum, 3693 women consented and enrolled, resulting in 3646 live births. Although cord blood antibody titers and the rise in maternal titers were ...


Disaster Preparedness And Response In Older Adults: A Review And Discussion., Alan M. Batt, Shannon Delport, Fergal H. Cummins 2018 Fanshawe College, ON, Canada

Disaster Preparedness And Response In Older Adults: A Review And Discussion., Alan M. Batt, Shannon Delport, Fergal H. Cummins

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Letter From The Editor, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino 2018 Aultman College of Nursing & Health Sciences

Letter From The Editor, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Adapted Aquatics For Children With Severe Motor Impairments, Phillip Conatser, Eric James, Ulku Karabulut 2018 University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Adapted Aquatics For Children With Severe Motor Impairments, Phillip Conatser, Eric James, Ulku Karabulut

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Available research clearly shows that more children who have disabilities, including those with severe disabilities, are participating in swimming programs as well as wanting to be taught in a regular aquatic class without being segregated. Aquatic instructors need to prepare lessons that include children both with and without disabilities. This means that aquatics instructors need to understand and be willing to implement unique teaching and managerial techniques that foster the safe and successful learning environment for all children. While the task of teaching children who have severe disabilities may seem difficult at first, with a little knowledge and experience, instructors ...


Religiosity/Spirituality And Cancer Risk Assessment For Hereditary Breast And Ovarian Cancer: Latina And Non-Latina Women In New Mexico, Belinda Vicuna Tellez 2018 University of New Mexico

Religiosity/Spirituality And Cancer Risk Assessment For Hereditary Breast And Ovarian Cancer: Latina And Non-Latina Women In New Mexico, Belinda Vicuna Tellez

Psychology ETDs

Introduction: Although cancer risk assessment for high-risk individuals and families can offer life-saving information and options for cancer risk management, Latinas have historically underutilized cancer prevention services. Much needed is a better understanding of what encourages and discourages engagement in cancer risk assessment services among Latino populations. Religiosity/spirituality is potentially relevant to such engagement given religion has often been a central coping resource for Latina cancer survivors.

Aim: This study explored the potential impact of religiosity/spirituality and psychological processes on how Latinas and non-Latinas approach decisions regarding preventative health behaviors.

Methods: As a small subset of a larger ...


Water And Sediment Microbial Quality Of Mountain And Agricultural Streams, Pramod Pandey, Michelle L. Soupir, Yi Wang, Wenlong Cao, Sagor Biswas, Venkata Vaddella, Robert Atwill, Venkatesh Merwade, Gregory Pasternack 2018 University of California, Davis

Water And Sediment Microbial Quality Of Mountain And Agricultural Streams, Pramod Pandey, Michelle L. Soupir, Yi Wang, Wenlong Cao, Sagor Biswas, Venkata Vaddella, Robert Atwill, Venkatesh Merwade, Gregory Pasternack

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Increased public health risk caused by pathogen contamination in streams is a serious issue, and mitigating the risk requires improvement in existing microbial monitoring of streams. To improve understanding of microbial contamination in streams, we monitored Escherichia coli in stream water columns and streambed sediment. Two distinct streams and their subwatersheds were studied: (i) a mountain stream (Merced River, California), which represents pristine and wild conditions, and (ii) an agricultural stream (Squaw Creek, Iowa), which represents an agricultural setting (i.e., crop, manure application, cattle access). Stream water column and sediment samples were collected in multiple locations in the Merced ...


Implementing The Cdcs Core Elements Of Outpatient Antibiotic Stewardship Program Into The Urgent Care, Deanna Powelson 2018 University of Missouri, St. Louis

Implementing The Cdcs Core Elements Of Outpatient Antibiotic Stewardship Program Into The Urgent Care, Deanna Powelson

Dissertations

Purpose: The inappropriate use of antibiotics has led to the development of antimicrobial

resistance which is a severe threat to the public and an increasing global problem. The

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates at least two million illnesses

and 23,000 deaths are caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the United States (CDC,

2014). The purpose of this quality improvement (QI) project was to evaluate the

effectiveness of an antibiotic stewardship program (ASP) on urgent care providers'

prescribing on viral respiratory tract infections (RTIs) including the common cold,

pharyngitis, and bronchitis.

Methods: This QI project implemented the CDCs ...


Permanent Housing And On-Site Nursing Care: Effects On Homeless Individuals With Hiv And Other Cormorbidities, Lynelle Hinden 2018 University of Missouri, St. Louis

Permanent Housing And On-Site Nursing Care: Effects On Homeless Individuals With Hiv And Other Cormorbidities, Lynelle Hinden

Dissertations

Abstract

Problem. Providing housing to otherwise homeless individuals who are HIV/AIDS-positive has been demonstrated to improve control of the disease. This was a healthcare quality initiative to review the viral load and Cluster of Differentiation Protein Four positive (CD4+) counts over time of residents in an urban housing facility for HIV/AIDS-positive individuals. Also, a nurse-run clinic was introduced for residents, especially those with comorbidities such as hypertension and diabetes.

Methods. A repeated measures design was utilized. Viral loads and CD4+ counts were retrospectively reviewed from facility records at entrance into and five-years later at the facility. Additionally, measurements ...


Framing Physical Activity: Weight Control Frames And Physical Activity Motivation, Kristin Spurkland 2018 Portland State University

Framing Physical Activity: Weight Control Frames And Physical Activity Motivation, Kristin Spurkland

Dissertations and Theses

Public health institutions and popular media frequently frame weight loss and weight control as primary benefits of physical activity. This exploratory, descriptive study examined how respondents rated statements exemplifying three physical activity frames: a weight control frame, a medical frame, and an active embodiment frame. An anonymous, online survey was conducted in March 2018; respondents rated frame statements in terms of inspiring motivation to engage in physical activity, and in terms of perceived credibility. They also provided anthropometric data and physical activity data. Data were analyzed for the entire sample as well as stratified by multiple variables, including body mass ...


A Decade Of Veteran Voices: Examining Patient Portal Enhancements Through The Lens Of User-Centered Design, Kim M. Nazi, Carolyn L. Turvey, Dawn M. Klein, Timothy P. Hogan 2018 US Department of Veterans Affairs

A Decade Of Veteran Voices: Examining Patient Portal Enhancements Through The Lens Of User-Centered Design, Kim M. Nazi, Carolyn L. Turvey, Dawn M. Klein, Timothy P. Hogan

Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Health care systems have entered a new era focused on patient engagement. Patient portals linked to electronic health records are recognized as a promising multifaceted tool to help achieve patient engagement goals. Achieving significant growth in adoption and use requires agile evaluation methods to complement periodic formal research efforts.

OBJECTIVE: This paper describes one of the implementation strategies that the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has used to foster the adoption and sustained use of its patient portal, My HealtheVet, over the last decade: an ongoing focus on user-centered design (UCD). This strategy entails understanding the users and their ...


Facilitating Hiv/Aids And Hiv Testing Literacy For Emergency Department Patients: A Randomized, Controlled, Trial, Roland C. Merchant, Tao Liu, Melissa A. Clark, Michael P. Carey 2018 Harvard Medical School

Facilitating Hiv/Aids And Hiv Testing Literacy For Emergency Department Patients: A Randomized, Controlled, Trial, Roland C. Merchant, Tao Liu, Melissa A. Clark, Michael P. Carey

Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Although this has not been fully studied, videos and pictorial brochures might be equivalent methods of delivering HIV/AIDS and HIV testing information to emergency departments (ED) patients. It also is not known how well or for how long such knowledge is retained, if this information should be tailored according to patient health literacy, and if retention of this knowledge impacts future HIV testing behavior.

METHODS: We will conduct a multi-site, randomized, controlled, longitudinal trial among 600 English- and 600 Spanish-speaking 18-64-year-old ED patients to investigate these questions. We will stratify our sample within language (English vs. Spanish) by ...


Effects Of Fan Cooling At Room Temperature On Indoor 20-Km Cycling Time Trial Performance, Matt Bloom 2018 Portland State University

Effects Of Fan Cooling At Room Temperature On Indoor 20-Km Cycling Time Trial Performance, Matt Bloom

Dissertations and Theses

Aim: The primary purpose of this study was to examine effects of a fan-induced airflow at standard room temperature (20-23°C) on 20-km cycling time trial performance. A secondary purpose was to investigate two fan speeds and whether a difference in performance existed with increased fan speed in intermediate duration indoor cycling tests.

Methods: Seven trained cyclists completed three 20-km cycling time trials under three conditions in a randomized crossover design. The 3 conditions were: 1) control (no fan), 2) low speed fan, and 3) high speed fan.

Results: A tendency for modest decreases in time to completion (TTC) were ...


Perceived Stressors Of Hospitalized Patients’ Family In Cardiac Care Unites: A Qualitative Content Analysis, parand pourghane, Maryam Rajab pour Nikfam, Abbas Ebadi 2018 Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

Perceived Stressors Of Hospitalized Patients’ Family In Cardiac Care Unites: A Qualitative Content Analysis, Parand Pourghane, Maryam Rajab Pour Nikfam, Abbas Ebadi

The Qualitative Report

The present study attempts to justify the factors inducing stress in the families of patients hospitalized in cardiac intensive care units in the east of Guilan province in Iran. The study aims at gaining an accurate understanding on these stressors for appropriate planning directed at removing or decreasing these tension-inducing components. The present study is a qualitative study based upon a conventional content analysis approach. The study population was selected through purposive sampling (28 family members of cardiac patients), and the data were gathered through semi-structured interviews. Data analysis was performed as per the stages recommended by Graneheim and Lundman ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress