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An Assessment Of Current Resources To Help Adolescents Quit Vaping, Karen Del'Olio, Nanette Vitali, Lori Pbert 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

An Assessment Of Current Resources To Help Adolescents Quit Vaping, Karen Del'olio, Nanette Vitali, Lori Pbert

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Background: E-cigarette use, more commonly known as vaping to our youth, has been a growing epidemic with adolescents in the United States. The recent advisory from the U.S. Surgeon General emphasizes that we must act now to protect the health of our nation’s youth from a lifetime of nicotine addiction. According to a recent 2018 Center for Disease Control MMWR article , more than 3 million high school students (grades 9 – 12) and 570,000 middle school students (grades 6 – 8) in the United States are currently vaping; defined as ≥ 1 e-cigarette in the past 30 days. Researchers from ...


Perceptions On The Opioid Epidemic: A Qualitative Study, Rebecca Leach, Brittany Chapman, Ailish Hanly, Stephanie Carreiro 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Perceptions On The Opioid Epidemic: A Qualitative Study, Rebecca Leach, Brittany Chapman, Ailish Hanly, Stephanie Carreiro

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Background: Opioid use disorder (OUD) and resultant opioid overdoses have amplified over the last 20 years, despite efforts to identify best practices for treatment. Little research has focused on the disconnect between individuals with OUD and their healthcare providers.

Hypothesis: We hypothesize that discrepancies exist between individuals with OUD and their healthcare providers with respect to perceptions of and experiences with medical care, the opioid antidote naloxone, and current treatment paradigms. Highlighting these discrepancies will inform future healthcare models.

Methods: Using electronic surveys and semi-structured interviews, we will collect qualitative data from both individuals with OUD and emergency providers to ...


Religiosity And Patient Engagement In Their Healthcare Among Hospital Survivors Of An Acute Coronary Syndrome, Hawa Ozien Abu, David D. McManus, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Religiosity And Patient Engagement In Their Healthcare Among Hospital Survivors Of An Acute Coronary Syndrome, Hawa Ozien Abu, David D. Mcmanus, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Background: Optimum management after an Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) requires considerable patient engagement/activation. Religious practices permeate people's lives and may influence engagement in their healthcare. Little is known about the relationship between religiosity and patient activation in hospital survivors of an ACS.

Methods: We recruited patients hospitalized for an ACS at six medical centers in Central Massachusetts and Georgia (2011-2013). Participants self-reported three measures of religiosity - strength and comfort from religion, making petition prayers, and awareness of intercessory prayers for health. Patient activation was assessed using the 6-item Patient Activation Measure (PAM-6). We categorized participants as either having ...


Optimizing Learner Accessibility: Adding American Sign Language (Asl) And Text-To-Speech To Online Trainings, Sarah Rulnick, John Rochford, Derek Chaves, Benjamin Amankwata, Viet Do, Mabelys Rodriguez 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Optimizing Learner Accessibility: Adding American Sign Language (Asl) And Text-To-Speech To Online Trainings, Sarah Rulnick, John Rochford, Derek Chaves, Benjamin Amankwata, Viet Do, Mabelys Rodriguez

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

The Child and Adolescent Needs and Strengths (CANS) Training Program is located at the Eunice K. Shriver Center at the University of Massachusetts Medical School in Worcester, MA. The CANS Training Program provides training and certification services for the Executive Office of Health and Human Services (EOHHS), MassHealth, Children's Behavioral Health Initiative (CBHI). Massachusetts behavioral health providers are required to be CANS certified in order to see Medicaid insured children and youth under the age of 21. The CANS Training Program has trained and certified over 26,000 behavioral health providers throughout Massachusetts in the use of the Child ...


Women-Reported Barriers And Facilitators Of Adherence To Medications For Opioid Use Disorder, Alice Fiddian-Green, Aline C. Gubrium, Calla Harrington, Elizabeth Evans 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Women-Reported Barriers And Facilitators Of Adherence To Medications For Opioid Use Disorder, Alice Fiddian-Green, Aline C. Gubrium, Calla Harrington, Elizabeth Evans

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

AIM: A poorly understood challenge is why many women with opioid use disorder do not remain engaged with medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD; e.g., methadone, buprenorphine, naltrexone) long enough to achieve sustained benefits. We aimed to identify barriers and facilitators that impact women's MOUD adherence.

METHODS: We conducted in-person interviews and focus groups with 20 women who had received MOUD for at least 90 days in Springfield and Holyoke, Massachusetts in 2018. Using grounded theory, we inductively identified major themes and selected illustrative quotations.

FINDINGS: Gender-specific barriers to treatment are shaped by MOUD-related stigma stemming from multiple ...


Addressing Bias In Lgbtqia+ Undergraduate Medical Education: An Innovative And Community Based Approach To Curriculum Reform, John-Marc Austin, Anthony Foscolos, Nancy Bennet, Jeroan J. Allison, John Trobaugh 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Addressing Bias In Lgbtqia+ Undergraduate Medical Education: An Innovative And Community Based Approach To Curriculum Reform, John-Marc Austin, Anthony Foscolos, Nancy Bennet, Jeroan J. Allison, John Trobaugh

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Background: Individuals who are LGBTQIA+ or gender nonconforming have specific health needs and face health disparities that are exacerbated by a lack of training and cultural sensitivity among health professionals. This study was initiated by a second year University of Massachusetts School of Medicine student in response to the lack of LGBTQIA+ health content in the first year Doctoring & Clinical Skills (DCS1) course. The DCS1 session on collecting a sexual history was selected as the primary focus for revision. Community-Based Participatory Research, because of its emphasis on joining with a community of interest as full and equal partners in all ...


Building Capacity In Health Disparities Research, Mona Fouad 2019 University of Alabama at Birmingham

Building Capacity In Health Disparities Research, Mona Fouad

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Mona Fouad, MD, MPH is Professor of Medicine, Director of the Division of Preventive Medicine, and Senior Associate Dean for Diversity and Inclusion in the School of Medicine at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, and Founding Director of the UAB Minority Health and Health Disparities Research Center. She is recognized nationally as a leader in health disparities research and served as a member of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Advisory Council on Minority Health and Health Disparities from 2008-2012. In 2017, Dr. Fouad was elected a member of the National Academy of Medicine. She obtained her MD ...


Understanding The Transgender Patient, Hudson Tibbetts, MSN, RN 2019 LA County and USC

Understanding The Transgender Patient, Hudson Tibbetts, Msn, Rn

St. Joseph Hospital, Orange, CA. Evidence Based Practice Conference

No abstract provided.


Built Food Environment And Perinatal Depression: An Integrative Literature Review, Rachel N. Mileski 2019 DePaul University

Built Food Environment And Perinatal Depression: An Integrative Literature Review, Rachel N. Mileski

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Built food environment contributes to food access and insecurity, which impactsmaternal health due to increased rates of perinatal depression.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review will be to (1) identify contributing factors of built food environments in communities that increase the rate of perinatal depression and (2) evaluate the current intervention programs and methods addressing these factors in order to provide recommendations for further research.

Method: An integrative literature review will be used, in accordance with the Ecological Model, to evaluate contributing factors and suggestions.

Results: Findings from this integrative literature review revealed a link that connects ...


Communities For Healthy Living: A Holistic Approach To Engaging Head Start Families To Improve Health Outcomes, Alyssa Aftosmes-Tobio, Kindra Lansburg 2019 Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Communities For Healthy Living: A Holistic Approach To Engaging Head Start Families To Improve Health Outcomes, Alyssa Aftosmes-Tobio, Kindra Lansburg

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

The Communities for Healthy Living (CHL) project is a five year, pragmatic intervention trial to reduce and prevent childhood obesity among low-income preschoolers in the Greater Boston area. This workshop will demonstrate the successes and challenges of engaging parents as participants and leaders of a participatory intervention to prevent childhood obesity. Key lessons learned; give insight on how staff and parents were engaged from the outset; and what this type of program can offer diverse groups of parents.

With a particular focus on the participatory nature of our work, we will describe the stages of our trial and discuss the ...


Engaging African Immigrants In Addressing Hiv Disparities Within The Population, Lorraine Anyango, Mbita Mbao, Dara Oloyede 2019 Tulumbe! Partnership

Engaging African Immigrants In Addressing Hiv Disparities Within The Population, Lorraine Anyango, Mbita Mbao, Dara Oloyede

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

The Tulumbe! Partnership was created with funds from the Pipeline to Proposal (P2P) awards established by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI). The P2P awards were designed to develop partnerships; promote patient engagement; and build patient-led research proposals. Tulumbe! has spent the last two years working to engage the African immigrant community in addressing issues related to HIV, specifically focusing on identifying research topics and questions 3 that are important to community members. There are currently 10 core members representing health providers, African immigrants living with HIV, advocates, researchers and community leaders.

Tulumbe! has utilized various approaches to engage African ...


Infant Mortality: A Community Engagement Model, Sara G. Shields, Cathy Violette, Tasmina Hydery, Heather J. Alker 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Infant Mortality: A Community Engagement Model, Sara G. Shields, Cathy Violette, Tasmina Hydery, Heather J. Alker

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

The Worcester Healthy Baby Collaborative (WHBC) consists of a group of volunteers from organizations with an interest in reducing infant mortality in Worcester, including representatives from UMass Memorial, Family Health Center of Worcester, the Massachusetts Department of Public Health, and the March of Dimes. The organization originally began as the Worcester Infant Mortality Reduction Task Force in the mid-1990s in order to examine trends in Worcester's infant mortality rate (IMR). This work has continued, evolving in response to changes in both the needs and desires of the local community, and has come to encompass several intervention and reduction strategies ...


Building Sustainability In Times Of Uncertainty, Matthew Sadof 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School-Baystate

Building Sustainability In Times Of Uncertainty, Matthew Sadof

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Obama era grants were filled with the hopes of developing and implementing measures to improve healthcare delivery. Springfield Pediatrician Matt Sadof will present his experience as one of the Principal Investigators for the Massachusetts Alliance for Coordinated Care, a care coordination for children with medical complexity and social fragility funded by Center for Medicaid and Medicare Innovation at two urban centers in Massachusetts Baystate Children’s Hospital and Boston University Medical Center. As a consultative program it supported improved communication between primary care providers and specialists at two geographic locations across the state. Relying on an ambulatory ICU (complex care ...


Speaker Biographies: 2019 Community Engagement And Research Symposium, Community Engagement and Research Symposium 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Speaker Biographies: 2019 Community Engagement And Research Symposium, Community Engagement And Research Symposium

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Biographies of all the speakers at the 8th annual Community Engagement and Research Symposium, held Friday, March 22, 2019 at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA.


Poster Session: 2019 Community Engagement And Research Symposium, Community Engagement and Research Symposium 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Poster Session: 2019 Community Engagement And Research Symposium, Community Engagement And Research Symposium

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Abstracts of posters presented at the 8th annual Community Engagement and Research Symposium, held Friday, March 22, 2019, at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA.

Some presenters have made the full text of their posters available; these posters can be viewed in the symposium's Poster Archive.


Keynote And Breakout Session Descriptions: 2019 Community Engagement And Research Symposium, Community Engagement and Research Symposium 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Keynote And Breakout Session Descriptions: 2019 Community Engagement And Research Symposium, Community Engagement And Research Symposium

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Descriptions of Keynote and Breakout Sessions for the 8th annual Community Engagement and Research Symposium, held Friday, March 22, 2019, at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA.


Agenda: 2019 Community Engagement And Research Symposium, Community Engagement and Research Symposium 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Agenda: 2019 Community Engagement And Research Symposium, Community Engagement And Research Symposium

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Agenda for the 8th annual Community Engagement and Research Symposium, held Friday, March 22, 2019 at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA.


The Impact Of An Insecticide Treated Bednet Campaign On All-Cause Child Mortality: A Geospatial Impact Evaluation From The Democratic Republic Of Congo, Carrie B. Dolan, Ariel BenYishay, Karen A. Grepin, Jeffery C. Tanner 2019 College of William and Mary

The Impact Of An Insecticide Treated Bednet Campaign On All-Cause Child Mortality: A Geospatial Impact Evaluation From The Democratic Republic Of Congo, Carrie B. Dolan, Ariel Benyishay, Karen A. Grepin, Jeffery C. Tanner

Carrie Dolan

Objective

To test the impact of a nationwide Long-Lasting Insecticidal Nets [LLINs] distribution program in the Democratic Republic of Congo [DRC] on all-cause under-five child mortality exploiting subnational variation in malaria endemicity and the timing in the scale-up of the program across provinces.

Design

Geospatial Impact Evaluation using a difference-in-differences approach.

Setting

Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Participants

52,656 children sampled in the 2007 and 2013/2014 DRC Demographic and Health Surveys.

Interventions

The analysis provides plausibly causal estimates of both average treatment effects of the LLIN distribution campaign and geospatial heterogeneity in these effects based on malaria endemicity ...


Health Aid Projects Have Both Expanded And Constrained The Capacity Of Health Facilities To Deliver Malaria Services To Under-Five Children In Malawi, Carrie B. Dolan 2019 College of William and Mary

Health Aid Projects Have Both Expanded And Constrained The Capacity Of Health Facilities To Deliver Malaria Services To Under-Five Children In Malawi, Carrie B. Dolan

Carrie Dolan

Abstract

Objective This article examines the potential pathways health aid may use to influence the availability of malaria services at a facility level and the utilisation of malaria services for children under five in Malawi.

Methods This work is grounded in a health services research theoretical model and combines a subnational census of health services available at Malawi health facilities with individual-level data on health service utilisation and the Government of Malawi’s official source of data about health aid allocation at a child-level (n=2171). Logistic and multinomial logistic models were used to assess the relationship between health aid ...


Delays In Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation Among Hiv-Positive Individuals: Results Of The Positive Living With Hiv Study, Krishna C. Poudel, David R. Buchanan, Kalpana Poudel-Tandukar 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Delays In Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation Among Hiv-Positive Individuals: Results Of The Positive Living With Hiv Study, Krishna C. Poudel, David R. Buchanan, Kalpana Poudel-Tandukar

Krishna C. Poudel

Background: Lack of early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) remains a major health concern due to increased risk of premature mortality and further HIV transmission. This study explored CD4+ cell count monitoring in relation to delays in ART initiation among HIV-positive individuals in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, where ART coverage was only 23.7% in 2011.

Design: We recruited a total of 87 ART-naïve, HIV-positive individuals aged 18 to 60 years through the networks of five non-government organizations working with HIV-positive individuals. We collected data on the history of ART initiation, CD4+ cell count monitoring, socio-demographic variables, perceived family support ...


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