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Physical Activity And Sarcopenic Obesity: Definition, Assessment, Prevalence And Mechanism, Duck-Chul Lee, Robin P. Shook, Clemens Drenowatz, Steven N. Blair 2017 Iowa State University

Physical Activity And Sarcopenic Obesity: Definition, Assessment, Prevalence And Mechanism, Duck-Chul Lee, Robin P. Shook, Clemens Drenowatz, Steven N. Blair

Duck-Chul Lee

Sarcopenic obesity is the coexistance of sarcopenia and obesity. Modern sarcopenia definition includes low muscle mass, weak muscle strength (handgrip strength) and poor physical function (slow walking), although the clinical definition of each varies worldwide. The cut-points for low muscle mass for men and women using appendicular lean mass divided by height (kg/m2) are ≤7.0 and ≤5.4 in Asians, and ≤7.23 and ≤5.67 in Caucasians, respectively. The cut-points for weak handgrip strength (kg) for men and women areAsians, andCaucasians, respectively. The cut-point for slow walking is ≤0.8 m/s in men and women. Current ...


Associations Between Physical Activity And Obesity Defined By Waist-To-Height Ratio And Body Mass Index In The Korean Population, Duck-Chul Lee, On Lee, Sukha Lee, Yeon Soo Kim 2017 Iowa State University

Associations Between Physical Activity And Obesity Defined By Waist-To-Height Ratio And Body Mass Index In The Korean Population, Duck-Chul Lee, On Lee, Sukha Lee, Yeon Soo Kim

Duck-Chul Lee

Objective

This study investigated the associations between physical activity and the prevalence of obesity determined by waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and body mass index (BMI).

Methods

This is the first study to our knowledge on physical activity and obesity using a nationally representative sample of South Korean population from The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We categorized individuals into either non-obese or obese defined by WHtR and BMI. Levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity were classified as ‘Inactive’, ‘Active’, and ‘Very active’ groups based on the World Health Organization physical activity guidelines. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the ...


Clinical Evaluation Of The Cepheid Xpert® Tv Assay For Detection Of Trichomonas Vaginalis With Prospectively Collected Female And Male Specimens., Jane R Schwebke, C A Gaydos, T Davis, J Marrazzo, D Furgerson, S N Taylor, B Smith, L H Bachmann, R Ackerman, T Spurrell, D Ferris, C A Burnham, H Reno, J Lebed, D Eisenberg, P Kerndt, S Philip, J Jordan, N Quigley 2017 George Washington University

Clinical Evaluation Of The Cepheid Xpert® Tv Assay For Detection Of Trichomonas Vaginalis With Prospectively Collected Female And Male Specimens., Jane R Schwebke, C A Gaydos, T Davis, J Marrazzo, D Furgerson, S N Taylor, B Smith, L H Bachmann, R Ackerman, T Spurrell, D Ferris, C A Burnham, H Reno, J Lebed, D Eisenberg, P Kerndt, S Philip, J Jordan, N Quigley

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Faculty Publications

Trichomoniasis is the most prevalent curable sexually transmitted disease (STD). It has been associated with preterm birth and acquisition/transmission of HIV. Recently, nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT) have been FDA-cleared in the United States for detection of Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) in specimens from both women and men. This current study reports the results of a multicenter study recently conducted using the Xpert TV Assay to test specimens from both men and women. On-demand results were available in as little as 40 minutes for positive specimens. A total of 1867 women and 4791 men were eligible for inclusion in the ...


Weight Management And Physical Activity Throughout The Cancer Care Continuum., Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Kathryn H Schmitz, Catherine M Alfano, Jennifer R Bail, Pamela J Goodwin, Cynthia A Thomson, Don W Bradley, Kerry S Courneya, Christie A Befort, Crystal S Denlinger, Jennifer A Ligibel, William H Dietz, Melinda R Stolley, Melinda L Irwin, Marcas M Bamman, Caroline M Apovian, Bernardine M Pinto, Kathleen Y Wolin, Rachel M Ballard, Andrew J Dannenberg, Elizabeth G Eakin, Matt M Longjohn, Susan D Raffa, Lucile L Adams-Campbell, Joanne S Buzaglo, Sharyl J Nass, Greta M Massetti, Erin P Balogh, Elizabeth S Kraft, Anand K Parekh, Darshak M Sanghavi, G Stephen Morris, Karen Basen-Engquist 2017 George Washington University

Weight Management And Physical Activity Throughout The Cancer Care Continuum., Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Kathryn H Schmitz, Catherine M Alfano, Jennifer R Bail, Pamela J Goodwin, Cynthia A Thomson, Don W Bradley, Kerry S Courneya, Christie A Befort, Crystal S Denlinger, Jennifer A Ligibel, William H Dietz, Melinda R Stolley, Melinda L Irwin, Marcas M Bamman, Caroline M Apovian, Bernardine M Pinto, Kathleen Y Wolin, Rachel M Ballard, Andrew J Dannenberg, Elizabeth G Eakin, Matt M Longjohn, Susan D Raffa, Lucile L Adams-Campbell, Joanne S Buzaglo, Sharyl J Nass, Greta M Massetti, Erin P Balogh, Elizabeth S Kraft, Anand K Parekh, Darshak M Sanghavi, G Stephen Morris, Karen Basen-Engquist

Global Health Faculty Publications

Mounting evidence suggests that weight management and physical activity (PA) improve overall health and well being, and reduce the risk of morbidity and mortality among cancer survivors. Although many opportunities exist to include weight management and PA in routine cancer care, several barriers remain. This review summarizes key topics addressed in a recent National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine workshop entitled, "Incorporating Weight Management and Physical Activity Throughout the Cancer Care Continuum." Discussions related to body weight and PA among cancer survivors included: 1) current knowledge and gaps related to health outcomes; 2) effective intervention approaches; 3) addressing the ...


Double Trouble: Commingled Effects Of Fast Food And Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption And The Intervening Role Of Physical Activity On Childhood Obesity, Christopher Berry, Scot Burton, Elizabeth Howlett 2017 Colorado State University

Double Trouble: Commingled Effects Of Fast Food And Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption And The Intervening Role Of Physical Activity On Childhood Obesity, Christopher Berry, Scot Burton, Elizabeth Howlett

Atlantic Marketing Journal

Children are exposed to a great deal of food and beverage promotion. This is particularly concerning given that the prevalence of childhood obesity, a critical public health challenge, may be partially due to the increased consumption of fast food and sugar-sweetened beverages. However, there are lingering questions about the complex relationships between fast food and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, physical activity levels, and childhood obesity. To address these complex relationships, this research examines the interaction of fast food and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, along with the frequency of physical activity, in leading to the likelihood of a child being overweight or obese ...


Air Pollution In India: Questions Of Advocacy And Ethics, Roger Worthington, Michelle McLean, Neelam Doshi 2017 Yale University

Air Pollution In India: Questions Of Advocacy And Ethics, Roger Worthington, Michelle Mclean, Neelam Doshi

Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications

In large cities around the world, the effects of air pollution on human health present a growing problem. In this commentary, we assert that governments alone are not responsible for addressing such issues and health care professionals (HCPs) need to consider whether their duty of care should extend beyond normal clinical boundaries. When considering the ethics around the generation and effects of air pollution, especially in relation to justice and health care, actions taken by HCPs (e.g. in a country such as India) potentially extend beyond treating individual patients one-at-a-time for toxic effects of emissions and include advocating on ...


Off To The Breast Start: Barriers To Exclusive Breastfeeding, Yasmin McBryde 2017 The University of San Francisco

Off To The Breast Start: Barriers To Exclusive Breastfeeding, Yasmin Mcbryde

Master's Projects and Capstones

Breastfeeding is a beneficial way to provide food for the healthy growth and development of infants. Breastfeeding also provides many health benefits for mothers. Review of evidence based data indicates that breastfeeding exclusively for 6 months is one of the healthiest and most natural sustenance for a baby. Unfortunately, there are many barriers that prevent mothers from breastfeeding for the recommended duration. The aim of this project is to assess the level of influence that cultural upbringing has on breastfeeding in public. I administered surveys to women and men for data collection. The findings indicate that participants have strong and ...


Southern Illinois: An Analysis Of Opioid Prevention Strategies, Brittany Clemmons, Brooke Griffin 2017 Southern Illinois University Carbondale

Southern Illinois: An Analysis Of Opioid Prevention Strategies, Brittany Clemmons, Brooke Griffin

ASA Multidisciplinary Research Symposium

This research analyzes the opioid epidemic in Southern Illinois and evaluates the effectiveness of current prevention and intervention programs.


Why American Parents Circumcise Their Sons: An Integrative Review Of Literature, Lacy Lauber 2017 DePaul University

Why American Parents Circumcise Their Sons: An Integrative Review Of Literature, Lacy Lauber

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Since medical evidence supports both pros and cons of routine neonatal male circumcision, expectant and new parents are left to make the decision to circumcise their sons on their own. There is limited research as to why American parents choose to circumcise their newborn sons.

Objectives: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to identify the reasons behind parental decision making in neonatal male circumcision in the United States. Understanding motivating factors in parental decision-making can highlight areas of prenatal education for expectant parents.

Method: An integrative literature review was conducted utilizing these online databases: PubMed, The Cumulative ...


Do Health Beliefs Explain Traditional Medical Therapies Utilisation? Evidence From Ghana, Razak Mohammed GYASI, Felix ASANTE, Kabila ABASS, Joseph Yaw YEBOAH, Samuel ADU-GYAMFI, Padmore Adusei AMOAH 2017 Department of Sociology and Social Policy, Lingnan University

Do Health Beliefs Explain Traditional Medical Therapies Utilisation? Evidence From Ghana, Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Felix Asante, Kabila Abass, Joseph Yaw Yeboah, Samuel Adu-Gyamfi, Padmore Adusei Amoah

Dr. AMOAH Padmore Adusei

Although the direct impact of health beliefs on unconventional medical therapies consumption are well documented, the previous empirical findings of the relationship have been much inconsistent and theoretically subtle in Ghana. Using social cognitive thesis, this paper examines how relative effects of personal health beliefs influence the use of traditional medicine in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. Drawing on a qualitative approach involving rural and urban peculiarities and 36 in-depth interviews, this research study adopts a posteriori inductive reduction model to derive broad- and sub-themes. Results suggest that health-seeking behaviour in Ghana is a socially negotiated process in which cultural ...


Geographies And Traditional Therapies Utilization : A Convergence Of Health Behaviors In Rural And Urban Settings?, Padmore Adusei AMOAH, Razak Mohammed GYASI 2017 Department of Sociology and Social Policy, Lingnan University

Geographies And Traditional Therapies Utilization : A Convergence Of Health Behaviors In Rural And Urban Settings?, Padmore Adusei Amoah, Razak Mohammed Gyasi

Dr. AMOAH Padmore Adusei

No abstract provided.


Health Literacy And Self-Perceived Health Status Among Street Youth In Kumasi, Ghana, Padmore Adusei AMOAH, David Rosser PHILLIPS, Razak Mohammed GYASI, Adwoa Owusuaa KODUAH, Joseph EDUSEI 2017 Department of Sociology and Social Policy, Lingnan University

Health Literacy And Self-Perceived Health Status Among Street Youth In Kumasi, Ghana, Padmore Adusei Amoah, David Rosser Phillips, Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Adwoa Owusuaa Koduah, Joseph Edusei

Dr. AMOAH Padmore Adusei

Street youth often have poor health. A number of studies have been commissioned across contexts to appreciate and address the problem. Conspicuously missing from extant researches about street youth in relation to their health however are those relating to health literacy. This study assesses general health literacy (GHL) and its association with self-perceived health status among street youth in Kumasi, Ghana. Two hundred and ninety street youth with an average age of 18 years (±3.1) participated in the study. The majority (78%) of street youth demonstrated limited GHL. Age, education, and acknowledging the streets as home, were significantly associated ...


Human Trafficking, Katelyn H. Kennedy, Kylie S. Dobbs, Hannah L. Peters 2017 Cedarville University

Human Trafficking, Katelyn H. Kennedy, Kylie S. Dobbs, Hannah L. Peters

Introduction to Public Health Posters

Human trafficking is a current problem that health professionals, such as pharmacists, should be aware of. This poster was created as a group project by pre-pharmacy majors and exhibited to faculty and graduate pharmacy students. The primary purpose of the project was to learn about human trafficking as a public health concern, increase awareness, and search for ways to reduce the problem. The poster highlights the different forms of human trafficking and what determinants of health apply to this problem. It also seeks to show how human trafficking relates to the pharmacy profession.


Evaluation Of Services Provided To Pregnant African Refugees By Catholic Social Services Refugee Resettlement Agency In Dayton Ohio, Jessica M. Brown 2017 Wright State University - Main Campus

Evaluation Of Services Provided To Pregnant African Refugees By Catholic Social Services Refugee Resettlement Agency In Dayton Ohio, Jessica M. Brown

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

In 2016 Public Health - Dayton and Montgomery County declared birth outcomes the number one priority in their Community Health Improvement Plan. To improve the infant mortality rate (IMR), racial disparities must be address and considerations should be given to Dayton’s newest and most vulnerable neighbors. Dayton receives between 200 and 250 refugees each year, 70% of whom are from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. African refugees have higher infant mortally and poorer birth outcomes than native populations in the U.S. Early and regular prenatal care is protective against infant mortality, and African refugees consistently report delayed and ...


Texting And Driving: A Grave Mistake, Hayley Trout, Faith Stewart, Zachariah Bevins, Kortney Frederick 2017 Cedarville University

Texting And Driving: A Grave Mistake, Hayley Trout, Faith Stewart, Zachariah Bevins, Kortney Frederick

Introduction to Public Health Posters

Texting and driving is a more prevalent problem today than most people realize. Even worse is the fact that it's even a problem for those who drive safely; those around them aren't always making the same choices. Some groups of people are more likely to drive than others depending on social factors, individual behavior choices, policy, and biology and genetics. While this might not have anything to do with prescriptions, it does have to do with pharmacy. A pharmacist is responsible for educating the community and keeping those within it healthy. They have the potential to make a ...


Antibiotic Resistance, Karley J. Trow, Parker N. Savard, MaryLou Mumme, Brandon M. Christen 2017 Cedarville University

Antibiotic Resistance, Karley J. Trow, Parker N. Savard, Marylou Mumme, Brandon M. Christen

Introduction to Public Health Posters

Our poster discusses an overview of antibiotic resistance. It goes into detail about what it is, how it came to be, and what medical professionals can do in their attempt to prevent it, as well as the general public. It also discusses the impact the impact antibiotic resistance has had on pharmacy, as well as the science behind it. A few organizations working towards this problem, and who keep a close eye on this issue are mentioned as well. We also discuss the determinants of health, which is essentially what is being done about it politically, individually, and the health ...


Treatment Guidelines And Early Loss From Care For People Living With Hiv In Cape Town, South Africa: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Ingrid T. Katz, Richard Kaplan, Garrett Fitzmaurice, Dominick Leone, David R. Bangsberg, Linda-Gail Bekker, Catherine Orrell 2017 Division of Women’s Health, Brigham and Women’s Hospital

Treatment Guidelines And Early Loss From Care For People Living With Hiv In Cape Town, South Africa: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Ingrid T. Katz, Richard Kaplan, Garrett Fitzmaurice, Dominick Leone, David R. Bangsberg, Linda-Gail Bekker, Catherine Orrell

OHSU-PSU Joint School of Public Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

South Africa has undergone multiple expansions in antiretroviral therapy (ART) eligibility from an initial CD4+ threshold of ≤200 cells/μl to providing ART for all people living with HIV (PLWH) as of September 2016. We evaluated the association of programmatic changes in ART eligibility with loss from care, both prior to ART initiation and within the first 16 weeks of starting treatment, during a period of programmatic expansion to ART treatment at CD4+ ≤ 350 cells/μl.


A Survey Of Structural Design Of Diagnostic X-Ray Imaging Facilities And Compliance To Shielding Design Goals In A Limited Resource Setting, Flavious B. Nkubli, Christian C. Nzotta, Nwobi I. Nwobi, Silas A. Moi, Thomas Adejoh, Geofery Luntsi, Joseph Dlama, Laushognu S. Shem 2017 University of Maiduguri

A Survey Of Structural Design Of Diagnostic X-Ray Imaging Facilities And Compliance To Shielding Design Goals In A Limited Resource Setting, Flavious B. Nkubli, Christian C. Nzotta, Nwobi I. Nwobi, Silas A. Moi, Thomas Adejoh, Geofery Luntsi, Joseph Dlama, Laushognu S. Shem

Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: To survey structural designs of x-ray rooms and compliance to shielding design goals of three x-ray imaging facilities.

Methods and Materials: The survey was conducted in three radiodiagnostic centers in South East Nigeria, labeled X, Y and Z for anonymity. A stretchable non-elastic meter rule was used to measure x-ray room dimensions. A Vernier caliper was used to measure lead thickness while a calibrated digital survey meter Radalert 100x was used for radiation survey of controlled and uncontrolled areas. Simple statistical tools such as mean and standard deviation were used for analysis with the aid of Microsoft Excel version ...


Menstrupedia: Fighting The Stigma Against Comprehensive Sex Education, Cindy Butor 2017 University of Kentucky

Menstrupedia: Fighting The Stigma Against Comprehensive Sex Education, Cindy Butor

LIS Student Conference

This poster demonstrates how comics can be used to inform teens about puberty by focusing on the Indian comic Menstrupedia. It has been adapted from a PowerPoint presented at the 2017 Graphic Medicine Conference in Seattle and includes information about graphic medicine, the health-based comics movement.


The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, Andrew Barnhart, Lawrence Bisong, Mckenzie Brittenham, Emma Eccher 2017 Cedarville University

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, Andrew Barnhart, Lawrence Bisong, Mckenzie Brittenham, Emma Eccher

Introduction to Public Health Posters

Waste and where it ends up is not a common discussion topic; in fact, it is often treated as a taboo subject. However, it has become necessary to examine this topic due to the growing ecological problems caused by the collection of garbage within our oceans. The Great Pacific Garbage patch, in particular, has grown quite large, and it is now affecting the health of people. This poster explores the ramifications of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. It discusses the background of the garbage patches and the impact of the issue. It also mentions the different determinants of health that ...


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