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Changing The Standard Of Blood Management In Australia: An Overview, Alana Delaforce, Jed Duff, Nicholas Ralph 2018 Australian College of Perioperative Nurses (ACORN)

Changing The Standard Of Blood Management In Australia: An Overview, Alana Delaforce, Jed Duff, Nicholas Ralph

Journal of Perioperative Nursing

No abstract provided.


Compassion Fatigue In The Perioperative Environment, Erin Wakefield 2018 Australian College of Perioperative Nurses (ACORN)

Compassion Fatigue In The Perioperative Environment, Erin Wakefield

Journal of Perioperative Nursing

No abstract provided.


Technology Stress In Perioperative Nursing: An Ongoing Concern, Judith Smith, Debra Palesy 2018 Australian College of Perioperative Nurses (ACORN)

Technology Stress In Perioperative Nursing: An Ongoing Concern, Judith Smith, Debra Palesy

Journal of Perioperative Nursing

The following discussion will explore the impact of technology on perioperative nursing roles and the development of the phenomenon coined ‘technology stress’. We will begin by reviewing the ongoing debate of technical versus caring nursing practices. The impact of advanced technology on perioperative nursing roles is explored, highlighting the development of technology stress. The paper concludes with some recommendations for further research.


Use Of A Unique Farmers’ Market Program Targeting Lower-Income Community Members, Brittany Lawrence, Anna E. Greer, Anne Marie Zimeri, Daphne C. Hernandez, SangNam Ahn, Shaakira Jones, Matthew Lee Smith 2018 St. James-Santee Family Health Center

Use Of A Unique Farmers’ Market Program Targeting Lower-Income Community Members, Brittany Lawrence, Anna E. Greer, Anne Marie Zimeri, Daphne C. Hernandez, Sangnam Ahn, Shaakira Jones, Matthew Lee Smith

Public Health Faculty Publications

We examined use of a farmers’ market that leverages community partnerships to provide free produce to lower-income persons. Participants (n = 422) were asked to complete a questionnaire and given an ID number, which was used to track market use from 2014 to 2015. Chi square tests were used to examine associations between 2014/2015 market use and reasons for market use, financial support received, and how attendees had learned about the market. Ordinal regression was used to identify household characteristics associated with increased market attendance. Although the proportion of lower-income attendees declined over the study period, a substantial proportion of ...


Incidence, Risk Factors, And Prediction Of Gastrointestinal And Intracranial Bleeding In A Cohort Of Older Veterans Prescribed Oral Anticoagulants, Angela Laurio 2018 City University of New York (CUNY)

Incidence, Risk Factors, And Prediction Of Gastrointestinal And Intracranial Bleeding In A Cohort Of Older Veterans Prescribed Oral Anticoagulants, Angela Laurio

Dissertations and Theses

ABSTRACT

Incidence, Risk Factors, and Prediction of Gastrointestinal and

Intracranial Bleeding in a Cohort of Older Veterans Prescribed Oral Anticoagulants

by

Angela L. Laurio

Advisor: Marianne (Mimi) C. Fahs, PhD, MPH

Objectives:

The objectives of this dissertation were to: (1) describe and compare the incidence and odds of gastrointestinal and intracranial bleeding in veterans age 50 to 89 who were prescribed warfarin, direct oral anticoagulants, or no oral anticoagulants; (2) identify risk factors for gastrointestinal and intracranial bleeding among older veterans prescribed oral anticoagulants, and to calculate the relative risk of bleeding over time through time-to-event analysis; and (3) develop ...


Quantifying Bias In Measuring Insecticide-Treated Bednet Use: Meta-Analysis Of Self-Reported Vs Objectively Measured Adherence, Paul J. Krezanoski, David R. Bangsberg, Alexander C. Tsai 2018 Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital

Quantifying Bias In Measuring Insecticide-Treated Bednet Use: Meta-Analysis Of Self-Reported Vs Objectively Measured Adherence, Paul J. Krezanoski, David R. Bangsberg, Alexander C. Tsai

OHSU-PSU School of Public Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background Insecticide-treated bednets (ITNs) are recommended for use by 3.4 billion people at risk of malaria world-wide. Policy makers rely on measurements of ITN use to optimize malaria prevention efforts. Self-reports are the most common means of assessing ITN use, but self-reports may be biased in a way that reduces their reliability as a proxy for ITN adherence. This meta-analysis compared self-reported and two methods which are more objective measures of ITN use to explore whether self-reports overestimate actual ITN adherence.

Methods A comprehensive search of electronic databases and hand searching reference lists resulted in screening 2885 records and ...


Prevention Paradox: Medical Students Are Less Inclined To Prescribe Hiv Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis For Patients In Highest Need., Sarah K Calabrese, Valerie A Earnshaw, Kristen Underhill, Douglas S Krakower, Manya Magnus, Nathan B Hansen, Kenneth H Mayer, Joseph R Betancourt, Trace S Kershaw, John F Dovidio 2018 George Washington University

Prevention Paradox: Medical Students Are Less Inclined To Prescribe Hiv Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis For Patients In Highest Need., Sarah K Calabrese, Valerie A Earnshaw, Kristen Underhill, Douglas S Krakower, Manya Magnus, Nathan B Hansen, Kenneth H Mayer, Joseph R Betancourt, Trace S Kershaw, John F Dovidio

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Faculty Publications

INTRODUCTION: Despite healthcare providers' growing awareness of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), prescription rates remain low. PrEP is an efficacious HIV prevention strategy recommended for use with condoms but still protective in their absence. Concern about the impact of PrEP on condom use and other risk behaviour is, nonetheless, among the barriers to prescription commonly reported. To understand the implications of this concern for PrEP access, we examined how medical students' willingness to prescribe PrEP varied by patients' condom use and partnering practices. We also assessed the perceived acceptability of various reasons for condom discontinuation with PrEP.

METHODS: An online survey was ...


Migração E Saúde Dos Brasileiros Em Massachusetts, Carlos Eduardo Siqueira 2018 University of Massachusetts Boston

Migração E Saúde Dos Brasileiros Em Massachusetts, Carlos Eduardo Siqueira

C. Eduardo Siqueira

Neste  capítulo  discutirei  o  tema  migração  e  saúde  a  partir  de
pesquisas realizadas com trabalhadores imigrantes brasileiros em Massachusetts, estado dos Estados Unidos da América (EUA) para onde houve grande migração de brasileiros desde os anos 90. Devido à escassez de evidências empíricas sobre o tema na literatura científica publicada em inglês e português, abordarei os estudos que dirigi e participei a partir de 2003, e sempre que possível e 
necessário incluirei resultados de estudos realizados por pesquisadores que investigaram a relação entre a migração de brasileiros para os Estados Unidos e os seus impactos na saúde, mesmo que de ...


Rates Of Developmental And Behavioral Screening Of Young Children: Implications For Health Care Policy And Practice, Shirley Berger 2018 CUNY School of Public Health

Rates Of Developmental And Behavioral Screening Of Young Children: Implications For Health Care Policy And Practice, Shirley Berger

Dissertations and Theses

Background: The skills and capacities developed during early childhood are the foundation for a child’s future academic functioning, economic productivity, and lifelong health and mental health. When young children have developmental delays or disabilities, early identification and intervention lead to better outcomes; however, only a minority are identified before school entry. Primary care is an important setting for identification of developmental and behavioral conditions as most young children attend well-child visits regularly and parents expect developmental guidance from pediatricians. Two key pediatric preventive services are recommended: developmental monitoring/surveillance at every well-child visit and developmental screening at 9 months ...


Integration Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine Into The Healthcare System In The United States, Nikki Lu 2018 University of Washington – Tacoma

Integration Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine Into The Healthcare System In The United States, Nikki Lu

Global Honors Theses

Chronic diseases are a prevalent issue around the world and chronic diseases are hard to prevent due to various systemic factors in the healthcare system. This paper mainly focused on socioeconomic issues and highlighted a few systemic factors in the US healthcare system. These factors have created various health disparities, inequities among socially constructed groups, and financial expenditures in the US healthcare system. Socioeconomic factors significantly impact the health and healthcare among socially constructed groups. Additionally, in this paper there are current approaches in addressing these healthcare factors such as social determinants of health and precision medicine as well as ...


The Role Of Outcome Preferences In Optimizing Heterogenous Disease Control Strategies., Evan Milliken 2018 Arizona State University at the Tempe Campus

The Role Of Outcome Preferences In Optimizing Heterogenous Disease Control Strategies., Evan Milliken

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


The Ramazzini Institute 13-Week Study On Glyphosate-Based Herbicides At Human-Equivalent Dose In Sprague Dawley Rats: Study Design And First In-Life Endpoints Evaluation., Simona Panzacchi, Daniele Mandrioli, Fabiana Manservisi, Luciano Bua, Laura Falcioni, Melissa J Perry, +several additional authors 2018 George Washington University

The Ramazzini Institute 13-Week Study On Glyphosate-Based Herbicides At Human-Equivalent Dose In Sprague Dawley Rats: Study Design And First In-Life Endpoints Evaluation., Simona Panzacchi, Daniele Mandrioli, Fabiana Manservisi, Luciano Bua, Laura Falcioni, Melissa J Perry, +Several Additional Authors

Environmental and Occupational Health Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) are the most widely used pesticides worldwide, and glyphosate is the active ingredient of such herbicides, including the formulation known as Roundup. The massive and increasing use of GBHs results in not only the global burden of occupational exposures, but also increased exposure to the general population. The current pilot study represents the first phase of a long-term investigation of GBHs that we are conducting over the next 5 years. In this paper, we present the study design, the first evaluation of in vivo parameters and the determination of glyphosate and its major metabolite aminomethylphosphonic acid ...


Reducing Pediatric Asthma Visits In The Emergency Department, Kathleen Grimley Ahn 2018 University of San Diego

Reducing Pediatric Asthma Visits In The Emergency Department, Kathleen Grimley Ahn

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Purpose/Aims: The purpose of this project was to reduce the number of unnecessary pediatric asthma management visits to an urban emergency department (ED) by performing a brief action plan for improved National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) guideline adherence. This plan was shared with parents during an NP-initiated follow-up phone call.

Rationale/Background: Inadequate outpatient management of pediatric asthma can result in avoidable visits to the ED. Acute exacerbations comprise a large portion of pediatric asthma patients seeking care in the ED. Reasons for persistent under-utilization of outpatient care for asthma management in primary care settings are multifactorial ...


Spatial Epidemiology Of Summer Trauma In Scott County, Ia: Use Of Gis To Identify Trauma Incidence In Urban And Rural Areas, Matthew Koch 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Spatial Epidemiology Of Summer Trauma In Scott County, Ia: Use Of Gis To Identify Trauma Incidence In Urban And Rural Areas, Matthew Koch

Celebration of Learning

Traumatic injury is a blanket term referring to acute physical injuries which pose an immediate threat to life and limb, requiring urgent medical care. Unintentional injuries are the fifth-leading cause of death, and fatal injuries cost the American economy over $84 billion annually in lost work and medical costs. Scott County, IA, is a unique environment for trauma research because it served by a single trauma center and features within its 458 square miles distinct urban and rural populations. Patient data from the trauma registry, including age, race, and mechanism of injury (MOI) was combined with the corresponding spatial data ...


Dynamical Properties Of Postural Control In Obese Community-Dwelling Older Adults, Christopher W. Frames, Rahul Soangra, Thurmon Lockhart, John Lach, Dong Sam Ha, Karen A. Roberto, Abraham Lieberman 2018 Arizona State University

Dynamical Properties Of Postural Control In Obese Community-Dwelling Older Adults, Christopher W. Frames, Rahul Soangra, Thurmon Lockhart, John Lach, Dong Sam Ha, Karen A. Roberto, Abraham Lieberman

Physical Therapy Faculty Articles and Research

Postural control is a key aspect in preventing falls. The aim of this study was to determine if obesity affected balance in community-dwelling older adults and serve as an indicator of fall risk. The participants were randomly assigned to receive a comprehensive geriatric assessment followed by a longitudinal assessment of their fall history. The standing postural balance was measured for 98 participants with a Body Mass Index (BMI) ranging from 18 to 63 kg/m2, using a force plate and an inertial measurement unit affixed at the sternum. Participants’ fall history was recorded over 2 years and participants with at ...


Integrating Interprofessional Education Through Service-Learning: Continued Multidisciplinary Collaboration For Student-Led Volunteer Healthcare Event, Sunny Jisun Lee, Heather Leo, Sachan Bhatia, Byron Chou, Christine E. Miller 2018 University of the Pacific

Integrating Interprofessional Education Through Service-Learning: Continued Multidisciplinary Collaboration For Student-Led Volunteer Healthcare Event, Sunny Jisun Lee, Heather Leo, Sachan Bhatia, Byron Chou, Christine E. Miller

Excellence Day

SCOPE (Student Community Outreach for Public Education) at University of the Pacific (UOP), Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry sponsored the 25th Annual Senior Smiles Health & Wellness Fair in its clinic, located in San Francisco on April 21th, 2018. More than 105 San Francisco’s senior citizens with limited access to health care attended this event. As a continuation of last year’s Senior Smiles & Wellness which pioneered the launch of Interprofessional education (IPE) activities, SCOPE provided various health screenings to the senior attendees in partnership with Dugoni’s sister schools UOP Audiology and Physical Therapy program as well ...


A Systematic Review Of The Effect Of Habitual Breakfast For Adolescents Aged 11-19 Years On Academic Performance, Lena Yaslam Babaeer, Darren Wraith 2018 Umm Al Qura University

A Systematic Review Of The Effect Of Habitual Breakfast For Adolescents Aged 11-19 Years On Academic Performance, Lena Yaslam Babaeer, Darren Wraith

Journal of Adolescent and Family Health

Background: Breakfast consumption plays an important role for growth, energy, BMI, and lifestyle. Studies show that it has positive influences on cognitive and academic outcomes. Despite this benefits of consuming breakfast on school grades, there has been no systematic review of literature focusing habitual breakfast consumption on scholastic achievement among adolescent students aged 11-19. Objective: The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the existing evidence on habitual breakfast consumption and academic performance in adolescents aged 11-19 years. Methods: A systematic review of studies was conducted through three electronic databases which were searched for relevant articles published between 1990 ...


Exposure Implications Of Electronic Cigarette Surface Contamination, Evan Floyd, Cheri Marcham 2018 University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center

Exposure Implications Of Electronic Cigarette Surface Contamination, Evan Floyd, Cheri Marcham

Publications

  • Retention of nicotine on porous, hydrophilic surfaces can be long enough to allow reaction with ambient gases to form TSNAs (tobacco specific nitrosamines).

  • Potential risk for third-hand exposure over time appears to be low, but should be verified by longer term studies.

  • Use of ECs (electronic cigarettes) should be consistent with traditional cigarette smoking policies.


Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender 2018 Fordham University

Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender

Student Theses 2015-Present

This paper aims to shed light on the dissonance caused by the superimposition of Dominant Human Systems on Natural Systems. I highlight the synthetic nature of Dominant Human Systems as egoic and linguistic phenomenon manufactured by a mere portion of the human population, which renders them inherently oppressive unto peoples and landscapes whose wisdom were barred from the design process. In pursuing a radical pragmatic approach to mending the simultaneous oppression and destruction of the human being and the earth, I highlight the necessity of minimizing entropic chaos caused by excess energy expenditure, an essential feature of systems that aim ...


Rethinking Health Partnerships: Florida International University Herbert Wertheim College Of Medicine’S Medical-Legal Partnership, Natalie K. Castellanos, Nana Aisha Garba, Ebony Whisenant 2018 Florida International University Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine

Rethinking Health Partnerships: Florida International University Herbert Wertheim College Of Medicine’S Medical-Legal Partnership, Natalie K. Castellanos, Nana Aisha Garba, Ebony Whisenant

ICOT 18 - International Conference on Thinking - Cultivating Mindsets for Global Citizens

Medical-legal partnership is a healthcare innovation aimed at addressing social determinants of health by adding lawyers to the healthcare team. Florida International University’s Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine (HWCOM) is leading innovation in teaching social determinants of health, interprofessional education, and medical-legal collaboration by way of its flagship service-learning program, Green Family Foundation Neighborhood Health Education Learning Program. This poster will demonstrate how the medical-legal partnership approach to addressing social determinants of health is applied at HWCOM, and present data on how exposure to medical-legal partnership is impacting the thinking of HWCOM students. The poster will feature data from ...


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