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Impacts Of Active School Design On Schooltime Sedentary Behavior And Physical Activity: A Pilot Natural Experiment, Jeri Brittin, Leah Frerichs, John R. Sirard, Nancy M. Wells, Beth M. Myers, Jeanette Garcia, Dina Sorensen, Matthew J. Trowbridge, Terry Huang 2017 HDR, Department of Built Environment Research, Omaha

Impacts Of Active School Design On Schooltime Sedentary Behavior And Physical Activity: A Pilot Natural Experiment, Jeri Brittin, Leah Frerichs, John R. Sirard, Nancy M. Wells, Beth M. Myers, Jeanette Garcia, Dina Sorensen, Matthew J. Trowbridge, Terry Huang

Interior Design Program: Faculty Scholarly and Creative Activity

Background Children spend a significant portion of their days in sedentary behavior (SB) and on average fail to engage in adequate physical activity (PA). The school built environment may influence SB and PA, but research is limited. This natural experiment evaluated whether an elementary school designed to promote movement impacted students' school-time SB and PA.

Methods Accelerometers measured SB and PA at pre and post time-points in an intervention group who moved to the new school (n = 21) and in a comparison group experiencing no school environmental change (n = 20). Difference-in-difference (DD) analysis examined SB and PA outcomes in these ...


Usf Capstone Paper: Master Of Public Health, Rachel Alvarez 2017 University of San Francisco

Usf Capstone Paper: Master Of Public Health, Rachel Alvarez

Rachel Alvarez

Even with the increase in access and affordability for mental health services, individual
utilization rates are still relatively low. This is especially true among AI/AN individuals, where
perceived support plays a large role in utilization, and generations of trauma equate to high
levels of mistrust. This project, which was funded by the Each Mind Matters (EMM)
organization and managed by the Sacramento Native American Health Center (SNAHC) looked
at the Sacramento community, and included a sample size (n=181) that was made up of nearly
50% self-identifying AI/AN persons. Participants were asked to complete a survey that explored ...


Journal Conversations: Building The Research Self-Efficacy Of An Aboriginal Early Career Academic, Michelle L. Dickson 2017 University of Sydney, Australia

Journal Conversations: Building The Research Self-Efficacy Of An Aboriginal Early Career Academic, Michelle L. Dickson

The Qualitative Report

This paper shows how I used my research journal mainly as a reflective tool throughout the process of applying for and completing a PhD. Embarking on a PhD can be daunting for anyone and I was challenged by my lack of academic self-efficacy. In the absence of a formal academic mentor my research journal became my confidante, a tool that helped me make progress at times when barriers to research seemed insurmountable. It helped me decrease the cognitive dissonance I was experiencing about issues of subjectivity/objectivity and the positioning of my self in the research. This paper shares research ...


Access To Healthy Foods: A Descriptive Analysis Of Farmers’ Markets, Food Deserts & Usda Food Assistance Programs In Tennessee Census Tracts, Twanda D. Wadlington 2017 East Tennessee State University

Access To Healthy Foods: A Descriptive Analysis Of Farmers’ Markets, Food Deserts & Usda Food Assistance Programs In Tennessee Census Tracts, Twanda D. Wadlington

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Food deserts are a growing problem in the United States, and occur in areas of low-income where people have limited access to healthy foods. In response, the presence of farmers’ markets has grown exponentially, and improved healthy food access. Additionally, the USDA has strived to connect families to healthy foods through food assistance programs such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), and the Senior Farmers’ Market Nutrition Program (SFMNP). This study investigated the relationship between farmers’ markets, their acceptance of food assistance benefits, and their locations within Tennessee ...


The Effects Of A Supermarket Tour On Improvement Of Nutrition Knowledge And Eating Behavior, Elizabeth Hall 2017 East Tennessee State University

The Effects Of A Supermarket Tour On Improvement Of Nutrition Knowledge And Eating Behavior, Elizabeth Hall

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine if participation in a supermarket tour improves nutrition knowledge and eating behavior in adult participants. Participants were recruited in communities surrounding Food City stores, a local supermarket. Prior to completing a standardized tour, participants completed a survey to assess nutrition knowledge and eating behavior. This survey was given to participants again three months later. A program evaluation was given one time at the end of the tour. Data analysis revealed no significant findings, other than the behavior-based question: “How many meals or snacks on most days included vegetables”. Vegetable consumption appeared to ...


Impact Of Trust On Global Health And Global Radiology Initiatives, Nathalie Duchesne, Margaret Graham 2017 CHU de Québec

Impact Of Trust On Global Health And Global Radiology Initiatives, Nathalie Duchesne, Margaret Graham

Journal of Global Radiology

This editorial discusses how the best way to improve implementation and sustainability of humanitarian missions, including those of global imaging, is to employ the currency of the new economy: trust.


The Development Of A Wayfinding Smart Phone Application As A Large Healthcare Facility Investment Opportunity, Jessie Fortson Marshall 2017 University of Southern Mississippi

The Development Of A Wayfinding Smart Phone Application As A Large Healthcare Facility Investment Opportunity, Jessie Fortson Marshall

Doctoral Nursing Capstone Projects

Health care is a continually growing field. New hospitals are constantly being built, while older facilities are experiencing renovation and expansion. With this growth comes a set of difficulties for patients as they try to navigate through large, multi-building facilities. Most large facilities have multiple parking garages, numerous buildings, and medical towers with an unending number of floors. Patients are forced to rely on directional signage to find their destination that is often insufficient. Attempting to navigate through large facilities is often overwhelming for visitors leading to frustration and stress.

New technology has allowed a convenient solution to this problem ...


The Relationship Between Bmi & Mandated Physical Education Requirements Of Elementary Schools, Kathryn Fairlamb 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Relationship Between Bmi & Mandated Physical Education Requirements Of Elementary Schools, Kathryn Fairlamb

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

The physical activity policies of elementary schools in Arkansas and correlations between physical activity requirements and body mass index have been studied. Examination of the policies at the individual school, district, or state level were noted. The statewide BMI database was consulted. Interviews with physical education teachers was conducted to assess policy implementation. Results may provide schools and policy makers with insight on future physical activity policies.


The Healthcare Beliefs And Trust In Healthcare Providers Of Rural Kenyans, Charles E. Earles, Debora Baldwin 2017 The University of Tennessee Knoxville

The Healthcare Beliefs And Trust In Healthcare Providers Of Rural Kenyans, Charles E. Earles, Debora Baldwin

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Weather On Pedestrian Trip Count And Duration: City-Scale Evaluations Using Mobile Phone Application Data, Anthony P. Vanky, Santosh K. Verma, Theodore K. Courtney, Paolo Santi, Carlo Ratti 2017 Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Effect Of Weather On Pedestrian Trip Count And Duration: City-Scale Evaluations Using Mobile Phone Application Data, Anthony P. Vanky, Santosh K. Verma, Theodore K. Courtney, Paolo Santi, Carlo Ratti

Open Access Articles

We examined the association between meteorological (weather) conditions in a given locale and pedestrian trips frequency and duration, through the use of locative digital data. These associations were determined for seasonality, urban microclimate, and commuting. We analyzed GPS data from a broadly available activity tracking mobile phone application that automatically recorded 247,814 trips from 5432 unique users in Boston and 257,697 trips from 8256 users in San Francisco over a 50-week period. Generally, we observed increased air temperature and the presence of light cloud cover had a positive association with hourly trip frequency in both cities, regardless of ...


The Current Burden Of Chlamydia And Gonorrhea Infections In The Three Rivers Health District, Donna Jordan 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

The Current Burden Of Chlamydia And Gonorrhea Infections In The Three Rivers Health District, Donna Jordan

Service Learning/Capstone Experience

Background: The proportion of Chlamydia and Gonorrhea in Douglas County, Nebraska is significantly higher than Nebraska and the U.S. Consequently, the Douglas County Health Department has initiated numerous programs to combat STIs. However, the prevalence of Chlamydia and Gonorrhea has sharply increased in recent years. Adjacent to Douglas County is the Three Rivers Health District, including Dodge, Saunders, and Washington Counties. Few studies have assessed the burden of Chlamydia and Gonorrhea in the Three Rivers Health District.

Objectives: The objectives of the study were to 1) Compare Chlamydia and Gonorrhea by age, gender, and ethnicity for Dodge, Saunders, and ...


Analysis Of Food Security, Snap Benefit Duration, Income Level And The Relationship With Depression In Households With Children In Omaha., Tatiana Tchouankam 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Analysis Of Food Security, Snap Benefit Duration, Income Level And The Relationship With Depression In Households With Children In Omaha., Tatiana Tchouankam

Service Learning/Capstone Experience

Food insecurity is defined as a lack of access to “sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets individuals’ dietary needs and preferences for an active and healthy life.” From 2015 to 2016, the number of people undernourished increased from 777 million to 815 million worldwide. Food insecurity affected 12.3 % of Nebraskans and 13.8% of the residents in Douglas County during the same year. There is evidence of associations between food insecurity, income level, and several adverse health outcomes, specifically with regards to mental health. The objective of this study was to examine food security, SNAP benefit duration (i ...


Establishing An Active Reproductive Health Center And A Sliding Fee Scale At Bellevue Health Clinic, Gbadero Yerokun 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Establishing An Active Reproductive Health Center And A Sliding Fee Scale At Bellevue Health Clinic, Gbadero Yerokun

Service Learning/Capstone Experience

Abstract

Goal

To collect preliminary data that will be used by Bellevue Health Clinic leadership to make decisions about expanding upon reproductive health services, and creating a sliding fee scale for services provided.

Objectives

To describe aspects of the scope of reproductive health care services provided by Title X-funded clinics in Lincoln, Omaha, Fremont, Grand Island, Tecumseh, Hastings, Gering, Norfolk and North Platte (14 total). The project will also compare and contrast existing sliding scale fees provided at these sites and provide subjective answers from key informants of how Title X funding and a sliding fee scale impact the population ...


Examination Of Collaborative Efforts Of Central District To Achieve Success Of The Community Health Improvement Plan, Liene Topko 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Examination Of Collaborative Efforts Of Central District To Achieve Success Of The Community Health Improvement Plan, Liene Topko

Service Learning/Capstone Experience

This was a quality improvement project that helped Central District Health Department (CDHD) work more closely with their community partners to identify the activities and programs that are currently in place to address priority health needs that were included in the 2016 Comprehensive Community Health Needs Assessment (CHNA). The purpose of this project is to identify the specific activities and programs that are being implemented by the health department and community partners in relation to the priority needs. These activities and programs were identified by conducting a survey of the major community partners. The findings from the survey helped to ...


Employee Wellness At Private Clinic In Omaha, Ne: Social Marketing And Health Communications Perspective, Olivia Chambers 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Employee Wellness At Private Clinic In Omaha, Ne: Social Marketing And Health Communications Perspective, Olivia Chambers

Service Learning/Capstone Experience

Midwest Gastrointestinal Associates (MGI) is a private clinic in Omaha, Nebraska that reached out to the College of Public Health for assistance in the clinic’s employee wellness program. An MPH student with a background in health and wellness provided MGI with a health promotion intervention to increase employee participation rates. A change was made to the wellness program in 2017 away from monthly health challenges and points—to small gifts distributed to all employees to increase engagement and morale. An initial program evaluation was performed to understand employee understanding and needs. Discovered was the need for an outlet employees ...


Epidemiologic And Spatial Differences In Colorectal, Lung, Breast, And Prostate Cancer Mortality-To-Incidence Ratios Between Blacks And Whites In Louisiana, Anas Almatrafi 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Epidemiologic And Spatial Differences In Colorectal, Lung, Breast, And Prostate Cancer Mortality-To-Incidence Ratios Between Blacks And Whites In Louisiana, Anas Almatrafi

Service Learning/Capstone Experience

Mortality and Incidence rates are widely used as indicators of health disparities among different racial groups. The current study used the mortality-to-incidence ratio (MIR) to provide a better population-based indicator of survival that can be used as an alternative and more accurate measure of the fatality based on incidence. This study intended to calculate and map MIRs for colorectal, lung and bronchus, breast and prostate cancers in Louisiana by race (Blacks vs Whites), sex, age groups, and geography. Age-adjusted mortality and incidence rates were calculated using the latest data release of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program (1973-2014 ...


Awareness And Attitudes Of The Latino Community In Omaha On Colorectal Cancer And Screening, Roger Gonzales 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Awareness And Attitudes Of The Latino Community In Omaha On Colorectal Cancer And Screening, Roger Gonzales

Service Learning/Capstone Experience

No abstract


Survey Of Indoor Air Quality In Residences Of Wic Participants In Lincoln, Nebraska, Eun Hee Kwon 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Survey Of Indoor Air Quality In Residences Of Wic Participants In Lincoln, Nebraska, Eun Hee Kwon

Service Learning/Capstone Experience

Since 1992, Women, Infants, and Children at the Lincoln Lancaster County Health Department has provided supplemental food benefits, nutrition information, breastfeeding support, immunization referrals, and dental services to support low-income families and their children. However, statewide, the retention rate has been dropping since 2009, and if this continues, it can result in adverse health outcomes. As part of the Service Learning activities, this study aims to evaluate current services on clients’ experiences and improve their satisfaction by conducting the WIC participant-centered services survey. This cost-effective intervention program has been working successfully, however it does not provide the information of environmental ...


Evaluation Of Adult Mental Health First Aid: Findings From 2015-2017 Post-Course Surveys, Gina Schwieger 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Evaluation Of Adult Mental Health First Aid: Findings From 2015-2017 Post-Course Surveys, Gina Schwieger

Service Learning/Capstone Experience

Abstract

Introduction: Lack of knowledge about mental health, lack of access to mental health care, and stigma create substantial barriers to the overall United States adult population from seeking or helping individuals with behavioral health issues. This study evaluated Adult Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) courses, an evidence-based program for increasing mental health knowledge, decreasing stigma, and increasing the community’s confidence in helping and frequency of referring people in need.

Methods: This retrospective evaluation of 2015-2017 Adult MHFA courses, utilizes qualitative and quantitative data from post-course surveys completed by course participants. Quantitative data was measured using a five-point Likert ...


The Development Of A School Lunch Observation Measure To Assess School District Lunch Menu Implementation, Mariam Taiwo 2017 University of Nebraska Medical Center

The Development Of A School Lunch Observation Measure To Assess School District Lunch Menu Implementation, Mariam Taiwo

Service Learning/Capstone Experience

Background: The most recent estimate of the prevalence of child and adolescent obesity in the United States is 17% (Ogden, Carroll, Lawman, & et, 2016). Based on evidence that the availability of healthy food at schools can significantly impact the nutrition behaviors of children, the Healthy and Hunger Free-Kids Act sets policy for the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), which includes the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and the School Breakfast Program (SBP) (USDA, 2017a). School food authorities (SFAs) are responsible for administering school feeding programs (Byker, Pinard, Yaroch, & Serrano, 2013). In other words, local school authorities (school districts) design ...


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