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871 full-text articles. Page 6 of 36.

Risk And Burden Of Adverse Intrapartum-Related Outcomes Associated With Non-Cephalic And Multiple Birth In Rural Nepal: A Prospective Cohort Study., Naoko Kozuki, Joanne Katz, Subarna K Khatry, James M Tielsch, Steven C LeClerq, Luke C Mullany 2017 George Washington University

Risk And Burden Of Adverse Intrapartum-Related Outcomes Associated With Non-Cephalic And Multiple Birth In Rural Nepal: A Prospective Cohort Study., Naoko Kozuki, Joanne Katz, Subarna K Khatry, James M Tielsch, Steven C Leclerq, Luke C Mullany

Global Health Faculty Publications

OBJECTIVES: Intrapartum-related complications are the second leading cause of neonatal death worldwide. We estimate the community-level risk and burden of intrapartum-related fetal/neonatal mortality and morbidity associated with non-cephalic and multiple birth in rural Sarlahi District, Nepal.

DESIGN: Community-based prospective cohort study.

SETTING: Rural Sarlahi District, Nepal.

PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women residing in the study area.

METHODS: We collected data on maternal background characteristics, conditions during labour and delivery, fetal presentation and multiple birth during home visits. We ran log-binomial regression models to estimate the associations between non-cephalic/multiple births and fresh stillbirth, early neonatal mortality and signs of neonatal encephalopathy ...


Building Interprofessional Global Health Infrastructure At A University And Health System: Navigating Challenges And Scaling Successes, Lucille B. Pilling, EdD,MPH, BSN, RN, Janice Bogen, MA, Louis N. Hunter, PT, DPT, Robert Simmons, DrPH, MPH, MCHES, CPH, Nicholas Leon, PharmD, BCPS, BCACP, James D. Plumb, MD, MPH, Richard J. Derman, MD, MPH, FACOG 2017 Jefferson College of Population Health; University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing

Building Interprofessional Global Health Infrastructure At A University And Health System: Navigating Challenges And Scaling Successes, Lucille B. Pilling, Edd,Mph, Bsn, Rn, Janice Bogen, Ma, Louis N. Hunter, Pt, Dpt, Robert Simmons, Drph, Mph, Mches, Cph, Nicholas Leon, Pharmd, Bcps, Bcacp, James D. Plumb, Md, Mph, Richard J. Derman, Md, Mph, Facog

Global Health Posters

Mission:

Global Jefferson will create sustainable programs of global distinction through collaboration that position Jefferson as a local and international destination and resource for education, research, and clinical activities.

Global Jefferson is supported by the Associate Provost for Global Affairs, part of the Office of the Provost.

Global activity at Jefferson includes:

  • Global Health Initiatives Committee (GHIC)
  • Service Learning
  • Global Research & Exchange between institutions
  • Pre-clinical, translational, clinical, and applied research

Poster presented at: 8th Annual Global Health Conference of the Consortium of Universities for Global Health (CUGH)


Urine Electrolyte Excretion In A Hypertensive Population Of East Africans, Aiste Dobrovolskaite 2017 Western Kentucky University

Urine Electrolyte Excretion In A Hypertensive Population Of East Africans, Aiste Dobrovolskaite

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the largest contributor to mortality rates worldwide including in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs) which already suffer from high rates of infectious disease. Among the four major NCDs that cause 38 million deaths annually, cardiovascular disease (CVD) causes 17.5 million of these annual deaths. The primary risk factor of CVD is hypertension. Kenya, a developing country in Sub-Saharan Africa, has a high rate of hypertension with low (2.6%) management rates. Prior research from our lab has identified a population of Kenyans with a high prevalence of hypertension that is not statistically correlated ...


Victims Or Heroes? How Did Journalists Frame The Ebola Crisis In Liberia?, Tamah Kamlem, Nwanneamaka Ume, Skylar Lisse, Eme Udoh, Jialin Meng 2017 George Washington University

Victims Or Heroes? How Did Journalists Frame The Ebola Crisis In Liberia?, Tamah Kamlem, Nwanneamaka Ume, Skylar Lisse, Eme Udoh, Jialin Meng

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

The Ebola Virus Disease epidemic in West Africa in 2014 with over 11,000 deaths made headlines worldwide, causing fear and posing a challenge to traditional media, entrusted with the task of reporting about the spread of the disease. Individuals and communities rely on media to obtain health information, including decisions related to disease prevention and behavior to protect their health. Therefore, frames used by the media to report about health emergencies impact public perceptions. Mass media framing during crises has been associated with emotional and behavioral responses that are consistent with the thematic depiction of unfolding events. Moreover, message ...


Secondary Prevention At The Aswan Heart Centre, Amira Athanasios 2017 George Washington University

Secondary Prevention At The Aswan Heart Centre, Amira Athanasios

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death globally, taking the lives of almost 18 million patients around the world each year. The overwhelming majority of cardiovascular deaths take place in low- to mid-income counties, suggesting that most cardiovascular deaths are preventable. In this study, current literature on secondary prevention of coronary artery disease was analyzed. Specific emphasis was given to preventative measures and successes in low income countries. Based on a literature review, a patient questionnaire to better understand patient adherence to preventative measures was created. This questionnaire focuses on patients receiving dual antiplatelet therapy post acute myocardial infarct ...


Needs Assessment Of Pediatric Radiological Equipment And Cross-Cultural Investigation Into Parental Empowerment In Pediatric Radiology Program Development In The Kingdom Of Bhutan, Danielle Canter 2017 George Washington University

Needs Assessment Of Pediatric Radiological Equipment And Cross-Cultural Investigation Into Parental Empowerment In Pediatric Radiology Program Development In The Kingdom Of Bhutan, Danielle Canter

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Background:

Bhutan is a magnificent mountainous country hugged by India to the east and west and by China to the North and South. This peaceful nestled country faces challenges in combating non-communicable diseases due to the lack of radiological equipment necessary for early diagnosis. Prior to implementation of these medical devices, it is imperative to investigate the cultural attitudes, beliefs, and infrastructure, to ensure successful integration. Bhutan is beginning to implement a pediatric radiology program for the nation with the assistance of ABAH Foundation and RAD-AID International, both of whom partnered with graduate students at George Washington University School of ...


A Comparative Study On The Impact Evaluation Of World Vision’S Water, Sanitation And Hygiene Program In Malawi, Mozambique, And Zambia: Analyses Using Lives Saved Tool, Chulwoo Park, Armen Martirosyan, Erin A. Jones, Ashley Labat, Yvonne Tam, Emmanuel Opong 2017 George Washington University

A Comparative Study On The Impact Evaluation Of World Vision’S Water, Sanitation And Hygiene Program In Malawi, Mozambique, And Zambia: Analyses Using Lives Saved Tool, Chulwoo Park, Armen Martirosyan, Erin A. Jones, Ashley Labat, Yvonne Tam, Emmanuel Opong

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Background

According to the World Health Organization, diarrheal disease is the second top killer of children under five years of age (U5), claiming around 760,000 young children’s lives every year, and 88% of diarrheal disease is attributed to unsafe water supply, inadequate sanitation and hygiene. The humanitarian aid organization, World Vision, launched community-based water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) project in 76 Area Development Programs (ADPs) for 506,019 target U5 population across Southern Africa Region (SAR): Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia in 2010.

Objective

This study estimated the retrospective health impact of the project between 2010 and 2014 to ...


Stakeholders' Perceptions Of A Hospital Based Emergency Medicine Education & Training Program: A System Change, Kate Douglass, Jay Pandya, Michael Brennan, Kyle Yoder, Janice Blanchard, Natasha Powell, Zohray Talib 2017 George Washington University

Stakeholders' Perceptions Of A Hospital Based Emergency Medicine Education & Training Program: A System Change, Kate Douglass, Jay Pandya, Michael Brennan, Kyle Yoder, Janice Blanchard, Natasha Powell, Zohray Talib

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Background: Emergency Medicine (EM) is a new and developing specialty around the world. In India, one model for capacity building has been the development of partnerships between US academic institutions and private healthcare institutions for implementing post-graduate education and training in EM. Initiated in 2007, programs have grown both in number and scope and have continued to attract new students and partner institutions. This study was undertaken to better understand the impact of EM training programs on hospital systems.

Methods: A mixed-methods evaluation was undertaken at 5 program sites across India in the summer of 2016. Two researchers conducted onsite ...


Equity And Community-Based Health Insurance: How Does Insurance Coverage Affect Health Seeking Behavior Among Disadvantaged Groups In India?, Hazel Hering 2017 SIT Study Abroad

Equity And Community-Based Health Insurance: How Does Insurance Coverage Affect Health Seeking Behavior Among Disadvantaged Groups In India?, Hazel Hering

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The objective of this study is to examine how Community-Based Health Insurance (CBHI) can promote equity by improving health seeking behavior across gender and geography. Using a CBHI scheme from the Self-Employed Women’s Association (SEWA) as a case study, trends in claims filed between October 2016 and March 2017 are compared to the distribution of memberships in order to investigate whether health insurance coverage positively impacts health seeking behavior among disadvantaged groups, and what barriers to access exist when the burden of medical costs are reduced. This study concludes that the number of male and female claims in the ...


Improving Health Outcomes In Trafficking Survivors Through Core Skills Development In The Workplace: Experience From The Philippines, Melinda A. Gill 2017 Renewsiya Foundation

Improving Health Outcomes In Trafficking Survivors Through Core Skills Development In The Workplace: Experience From The Philippines, Melinda A. Gill

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

Whilst an emerging body of research documents the adverse physical and mental health outcomes of victims of trafficking following rescue, there is little research or guidance regarding interventions which improve these outcomes. In this article, I describe my experience as physician involved in a computer-based social enterprise for survivors of trafficking and slavery in the Philippines, and outline my evolving understanding of the requirements for health behavior change and improved outcomes. I conclude that while meaningful vocational skills, economic security, and adequate health-related knowledge are foundational, it is necessary to develop core skills to achieve improved health outcomes and that ...


Cuba’S Use Of Medical Diplomacy: Establishing Global Significance And Influence, Juan Herzberg 2017 SIT Study Abroad

Cuba’S Use Of Medical Diplomacy: Establishing Global Significance And Influence, Juan Herzberg

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This research project aims to assess the importance of medical diplomacy as a foreign policy strategy for Cuba, as well as a means by which the small island nation has managed to gain geopolitical prominence in the current international political sphere. Through the analysis of Cuba’s medical internationalism, its impact on the health of populations across the world, its oil-for-doctors trade agreements with Venezuela, and its involvement in initiatives like the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (ALBA), it becomes easier to see the link between medical diplomacy and geopolitical power, which Cuba has been successfully garnering since its 1959 ...


Rahi-Sathi Indo-U.S. Collaboration: The Evolution Of A Trainee-Led Twinning Model In Global Health Into A Multidisciplinary Collaborative Program, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Abraham Jaffe, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Nancy Byatt, Michael Chin, David D. McManus, Michaela Tracey, Jasmine A. Khubchandani, Haley Newman, Allison Earon, Hannah Rosenfield, Anna Handorf, Brittany Novak, John Bostrom, Anindita Deb, Milagros C. Rosal, Patricia A. McQuilkin, Heena Santry, Melissa A. Fischer, Jeroan J. Allison 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Rahi-Sathi Indo-U.S. Collaboration: The Evolution Of A Trainee-Led Twinning Model In Global Health Into A Multidisciplinary Collaborative Program, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Abraham Jaffe, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Nancy Byatt, Michael Chin, David D. Mcmanus, Michaela Tracey, Jasmine A. Khubchandani, Haley Newman, Allison Earon, Hannah Rosenfield, Anna Handorf, Brittany Novak, John Bostrom, Anindita Deb, Milagros C. Rosal, Patricia A. Mcquilkin, Heena Santry, Melissa A. Fischer, Jeroan J. Allison

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: In recent years there has been a surge in the number of global health programs operated by academic institutions. However, most of the existing programs describe partnerships that are primarily faculty-driven and supported by extramural funding.

PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: Research and Advocacy for Health in India (RAHI, or "pathfinder" in Hindi) and Support and Action Towards Health-Equity in India (SATHI, or "partnership" in Hindi) are 2 interconnected, collaborative efforts between the University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS) and Charutar Arogya Mandal (CAM), a medical college and a tertiary care center in rural western India. The RAHI-SATHI program is the culmination ...


Theory Of Gender And Power: Intimate Partner Violence, Hiv Status And Sexual Risk Behaviors In Haitian Women, Anshul Saxena 2017 Florida International University

Theory Of Gender And Power: Intimate Partner Violence, Hiv Status And Sexual Risk Behaviors In Haitian Women, Anshul Saxena

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Among women in Haiti, there are a number of factors, including intimate partner violence (IPV), childhood sexual abuse, and alcohol abuse that lead to increased vulnerability to STI/HIV and its sequelae. This study examined the factors associated with IPV and the associations between IPV and HIV in a sample of adult Haitian women.

The current study is a secondary analysis of data collected from HIV+ and HIV- women attending the GHESKIO centers in Haiti. The measures include: Self-reported Questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20); Attitudes Towards Gender Roles; Partner Violence; Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT); Partner Support; Sexual Relationship Power Scale (SRPS ...


Exploring The Nutrition And Physical Activity Knowledge, Attitudes, And Behaviors Of Low-Income Parents Of Peruvian Preschool Children, Kathleen McInvale 2017 Florida International University

Exploring The Nutrition And Physical Activity Knowledge, Attitudes, And Behaviors Of Low-Income Parents Of Peruvian Preschool Children, Kathleen Mcinvale

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Obesity and related chronic diseases are emerging public health issues among children in Peru, where more than 13 percent of children five years and younger are overweight or obese. Although parents have been identified as one of the most important determinants of healthy weight in young children, there are no known studies that have explored the perceptions of Peruvian parents regarding obesity prevention. This study assessed the nutrition and physical activity knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of Peruvian parents, and sought to determine if there is a relationship between their knowledge, attitudes and behaviors. The cross-sectional survey study sampled 204 parents ...


Clinical & Translational Research In Pneumonia: Defining A Research Agenda For Today And Tomorrow, Julio A. Ramirez 2017 University of Louisville

Clinical & Translational Research In Pneumonia: Defining A Research Agenda For Today And Tomorrow, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

From the Editor in Chief

The reason for this special supplement of the Journal is to inform readers of a scientific research conference supported by the National Institutes of Health (NHI). The NIH Research Conference Grant (R13) supports high quality scientific conferences in areas that are important to the NIH's mission and to the public health. We just received notification that the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) has approved the application for an international research conference entitled: DzClinical & Translational Research in Pneumonia: Defining a Research Agenda for Today and Tomorrowdz. The conference will be held on Wednesday ...


Editorial Exportation Of Brazilian Immigrants.Pdf, Carlos Eduardo Siqueira 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

Editorial Exportation Of Brazilian Immigrants.Pdf, Carlos Eduardo Siqueira

C. Eduardo Siqueira

No abstract provided.


Medical Student And Hospital Team Fight Cervical Cancer In Rural China, Haley Newman 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Medical Student And Hospital Team Fight Cervical Cancer In Rural China, Haley Newman

Senior Scholars Program

Blog post for the Gynius company website describing Newman's Senior Scholars project. She is evaluating portable colposcopy for cervical cancer screening in rural China.


Evaluating Factors Affecting Clinicians’ Knowledge On Contrast Media: Kenyan Experience, Timothy Musila Mutala, Priscilla Nyambura Maina 2017 University of Nairobi

Evaluating Factors Affecting Clinicians’ Knowledge On Contrast Media: Kenyan Experience, Timothy Musila Mutala, Priscilla Nyambura Maina

Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: Our study aimed to establish exposure to and level of knowledge about contrast media among non-radiological clinicians and evaluate the contributory factors to the status.

Methods and Materials: A cross-sectional study was conducted between April and December 2015 through interviews using structured questionnaires. We recruited 197 non-radiological clinicians with experience in use of contrast media in their routine practice. They were of different cadres and years of experience, all working in a large referral hospital in Kenya. Levels of basic knowledge on contrast media were evaluated through a scoring system after each clinician responded to the questions provided. We ...


Impact Belize 2010 Executive Report, Ritchie D. Taylor, Jordan Norris, Molly Calico, Bernie Strenecky, Daniel Carter, Dawn Garrett Wright, Eve Main, Bonny Petty, Molly Kerby, Jill Norris 2017 Western Kentucky University

Impact Belize 2010 Executive Report, Ritchie D. Taylor, Jordan Norris, Molly Calico, Bernie Strenecky, Daniel Carter, Dawn Garrett Wright, Eve Main, Bonny Petty, Molly Kerby, Jill Norris

Molly Kerby

No abstract provided.


Integrating Malaria Surveillance With Climate Data For Outbreak Detection And Forecasting: The Epidemia System, Christopher L. Merkord, Yi Liu, Abere Mihretie, Teklehaymanot Gebrehiwot, Worku Awoke, Estifanos Bayabil, Geoffrey M. Henebry, Gebeyaw T. Kassa, Mastewal Lake, Michael C. Wimberly 2017 South Dakota State University

Integrating Malaria Surveillance With Climate Data For Outbreak Detection And Forecasting: The Epidemia System, Christopher L. Merkord, Yi Liu, Abere Mihretie, Teklehaymanot Gebrehiwot, Worku Awoke, Estifanos Bayabil, Geoffrey M. Henebry, Gebeyaw T. Kassa, Mastewal Lake, Michael C. Wimberly

GSCE Faculty Publications

Background: Early indication of an emerging malaria epidemic can provide an opportunity for proactive interventions. Challenges to the identification of nascent malaria epidemics include obtaining recent epidemiological surveillance data, spatially and temporally harmonizing this information with timely data on environmental precursors, applying models for early detection and early warning, and communicating results to public health officials. Automated web-based informatics systems can provide a solution to these problems, but their implementation in real-world settings has been limited.
Methods: The Epidemic Prognosis Incorporating Disease and Environmental Monitoring for Integrated Assessment (EPIDEMIA) computer system was designed and implemented to integrate disease surveillance with ...


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