Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

International Public Health Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

899 Full-Text Articles 2,385 Authors 206,598 Downloads 109 Institutions

All Articles in International Public Health

Faceted Search

899 full-text articles. Page 5 of 39.

A Prescription To Remedy Global Agricultural Antibiotic Resistance: An Integrated Approach, Valerie Drake 2018 University of Iowa

A Prescription To Remedy Global Agricultural Antibiotic Resistance: An Integrated Approach, Valerie Drake

University of Iowa Honors Theses

This study focuses on determining an effective public health policy strategy to address agricultural antibiotic resistance. The research examines domestic and international examples of governmental regulation, including the Food and Drug Administration’s regulatory release, Guidance for Industry #213 (FDA GFI #213), which concerns the use of antibiotics in industrial livestock farming in the United States, and the contrasting Danish policy and surveillance techniques. To determine the effectiveness of voluntary measures, this research assesses motivations leading to the creation of FDA GFI #213 by referencing specific legal disclaimers, document audience, and enforcement methods. Taking these results, the study cross-examines the ...


Simulations For Designing And Interpreting Intervention Trials In Infectious Diseases., M Elizabeth Halloran, Kari Auranen, Sarah Baird, Nicole E Basta, Steven E Bellan, +several additional authors 2017 George Washington University

Simulations For Designing And Interpreting Intervention Trials In Infectious Diseases., M Elizabeth Halloran, Kari Auranen, Sarah Baird, Nicole E Basta, Steven E Bellan, +Several Additional Authors

Global Health Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Interventions in infectious diseases can have both direct effects on individuals who receive the intervention as well as indirect effects in the population. In addition, intervention combinations can have complex interactions at the population level, which are often difficult to adequately assess with standard study designs and analytical methods.

DISCUSSION: Herein, we urge the adoption of a new paradigm for the design and interpretation of intervention trials in infectious diseases, particularly with regard to emerging infectious diseases, one that more accurately reflects the dynamics of the transmission process. In an increasingly complex world, simulations can explicitly represent transmission dynamics ...


Factors Affecting Clean And Safe Water Availability In Butansi And Namasagali Sub-Counties Of Uganda, Sydney Beaurivage 2017 Iowa State University

Factors Affecting Clean And Safe Water Availability In Butansi And Namasagali Sub-Counties Of Uganda, Sydney Beaurivage

Honors Projects and Posters

Boreholes are the only source of water for many residents of the Kamuli district of Uganda. They are the safest form of water for almost all residents of Kamuli. Iowa State University – Uganda Program (ISU-UP), a local non-profit has installed 18 boreholes in different communities in the Kamuli district. While boreholes are critical for life, information about their success is required for appropriate monitoring and evaluation. The objective of this research was to survey community members to better understand the number of residents using the boreholes as their primary water source, their uses of the boreholes and what prevents them ...


The Integration Of Traditional And Modern Medicine In Uganda, Rylee McDermott 2017 Iowa State University

The Integration Of Traditional And Modern Medicine In Uganda, Rylee Mcdermott

Honors Projects and Posters

The medicinal practices around the world are inconsistent in treatment, especially in developing countries, such as Uganda. In the district of Kamuli, Uganda, stark differences in treatment exist from one health center and hospital to another, integrating traditional medical practices (TM), often herbal, and modern, Westernized practices (WM). The purpose of this study was to compile commonly used TM used in Uganda, compare how they are integrated or replacements for WM, and analyze the benefits and drawbacks of these practices towards the safety and health of Ugandan patients. A systematic review of peer-reviewed articles on a PubMed and Google Scholar ...


Global Kidney Exchange: Analysis And Background Papers From The Perspective Of Medical Anthropology, Alejandro Cerón, Kylie Dillinger, Madison Eitniear, Sophia Ernstrom, Walid Hedidar, Christiana Hellinga, Travis Himebaugh, Aaron J. Landau, Julian Nilsson, Lindsey Penn, Madison Redman, Cimmaron Retzik-Stahr, Laurel Schwartz, Isabelle Seeto, Madeline Sweet, Angelina M. R. Thomson, Margaret Wolf, Natalie Wuertz 2017 University of Denver

Global Kidney Exchange: Analysis And Background Papers From The Perspective Of Medical Anthropology, Alejandro Cerón, Kylie Dillinger, Madison Eitniear, Sophia Ernstrom, Walid Hedidar, Christiana Hellinga, Travis Himebaugh, Aaron J. Landau, Julian Nilsson, Lindsey Penn, Madison Redman, Cimmaron Retzik-Stahr, Laurel Schwartz, Isabelle Seeto, Madeline Sweet, Angelina M. R. Thomson, Margaret Wolf, Natalie Wuertz

Anthropology Student Scholarship

Global Kidney Exchange (GKE) is a program aimed at facilitating trans-national kidney donation. Although its proponents aim at reducing the unmet demand of kidneys in the United States through the trans-nationalization of kidney exchange programs, the World Health Organization (WHO) and The Transplantation Society (TTS) have expressed concerns about its potential effect on black markets of organs and transnational organ trafficking, as well as on low- or middle-income countries health systems. For GKE to be implemented, it would need to be permitted to operate in at least some low- or middle-income countries. Should a low- or middle-income country allow GKE ...


Global Kidney Exchange: Analysis And Background Papers From The Perspective Of The Right To Health, Alejandro Cerón, Kiaryce Bey, Kelly Bonk, Ellie Carson, Emilia Chapa, Louisa Cohen, Katie Crockford, Rachel Cuda, Sebastian Injac, Kajsa Kirby, Daniela Leon-Alvarez, Mackenzie Looney, Kendall McBeth, Winnie Pham, Rose Smith, Margarita Soltero Gutierrez, Katherine Sugura, Alexander Yu, Flinn Lazier 2017 University of Denver

Global Kidney Exchange: Analysis And Background Papers From The Perspective Of The Right To Health, Alejandro Cerón, Kiaryce Bey, Kelly Bonk, Ellie Carson, Emilia Chapa, Louisa Cohen, Katie Crockford, Rachel Cuda, Sebastian Injac, Kajsa Kirby, Daniela Leon-Alvarez, Mackenzie Looney, Kendall Mcbeth, Winnie Pham, Rose Smith, Margarita Soltero Gutierrez, Katherine Sugura, Alexander Yu, Flinn Lazier

Anthropology Student Scholarship

Global Kidney Exchange (GKE) is a program aimed at facilitating trans-national kidney donation. Although its proponents aim at reducing the unmet demand of kidneys in the United States through the trans-nationalization of kidney exchange programs, the World Health Organization (WHO) and The Transplantation Society (TTS) have expressed concerns about its potential effect on black markets of organs and transnational organ trafficking, as well as on low- or middle-income countries health systems. For GKE to be implemented, it would need to be permitted to operate in at least some low- or middle-income countries. What are the right to health implications of ...


Impact Of Trust On Global Health And Global Radiology Initiatives, Nathalie Duchesne, Margaret Graham 2017 CHU de Québec

Impact Of Trust On Global Health And Global Radiology Initiatives, Nathalie Duchesne, Margaret Graham

Journal of Global Radiology

This editorial discusses how the best way to improve implementation and sustainability of humanitarian missions, including those of global imaging, is to employ the currency of the new economy: trust.


Weight Management And Physical Activity Throughout The Cancer Care Continuum., Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Kathryn H Schmitz, Catherine M Alfano, Jennifer R Bail, Pamela J Goodwin, Cynthia A Thomson, Don W Bradley, Kerry S Courneya, Christie A Befort, Crystal S Denlinger, Jennifer A Ligibel, William H Dietz, Melinda R Stolley, Melinda L Irwin, Marcas M Bamman, Caroline M Apovian, Bernardine M Pinto, Kathleen Y Wolin, Rachel M Ballard, Andrew J Dannenberg, Elizabeth G Eakin, Matt M Longjohn, Susan D Raffa, Lucile L Adams-Campbell, Joanne S Buzaglo, Sharyl J Nass, Greta M Massetti, Erin P Balogh, Elizabeth S Kraft, Anand K Parekh, Darshak M Sanghavi, G Stephen Morris, Karen Basen-Engquist 2017 George Washington University

Weight Management And Physical Activity Throughout The Cancer Care Continuum., Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Kathryn H Schmitz, Catherine M Alfano, Jennifer R Bail, Pamela J Goodwin, Cynthia A Thomson, Don W Bradley, Kerry S Courneya, Christie A Befort, Crystal S Denlinger, Jennifer A Ligibel, William H Dietz, Melinda R Stolley, Melinda L Irwin, Marcas M Bamman, Caroline M Apovian, Bernardine M Pinto, Kathleen Y Wolin, Rachel M Ballard, Andrew J Dannenberg, Elizabeth G Eakin, Matt M Longjohn, Susan D Raffa, Lucile L Adams-Campbell, Joanne S Buzaglo, Sharyl J Nass, Greta M Massetti, Erin P Balogh, Elizabeth S Kraft, Anand K Parekh, Darshak M Sanghavi, G Stephen Morris, Karen Basen-Engquist

Global Health Faculty Publications

Mounting evidence suggests that weight management and physical activity (PA) improve overall health and well being, and reduce the risk of morbidity and mortality among cancer survivors. Although many opportunities exist to include weight management and PA in routine cancer care, several barriers remain. This review summarizes key topics addressed in a recent National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine workshop entitled, "Incorporating Weight Management and Physical Activity Throughout the Cancer Care Continuum." Discussions related to body weight and PA among cancer survivors included: 1) current knowledge and gaps related to health outcomes; 2) effective intervention approaches; 3) addressing the ...


A Survey Of Structural Design Of Diagnostic X-Ray Imaging Facilities And Compliance To Shielding Design Goals In A Limited Resource Setting, Flavious B. Nkubli, Christian C. Nzotta, Nwobi I. Nwobi, Silas A. Moi, Thomas Adejoh, Geofery Luntsi, Joseph Dlama, Laushognu S. Shem 2017 University of Maiduguri

A Survey Of Structural Design Of Diagnostic X-Ray Imaging Facilities And Compliance To Shielding Design Goals In A Limited Resource Setting, Flavious B. Nkubli, Christian C. Nzotta, Nwobi I. Nwobi, Silas A. Moi, Thomas Adejoh, Geofery Luntsi, Joseph Dlama, Laushognu S. Shem

Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: To survey structural designs of x-ray rooms and compliance to shielding design goals of three x-ray imaging facilities.

Methods and Materials: The survey was conducted in three radiodiagnostic centers in South East Nigeria, labeled X, Y and Z for anonymity. A stretchable non-elastic meter rule was used to measure x-ray room dimensions. A Vernier caliper was used to measure lead thickness while a calibrated digital survey meter Radalert 100x was used for radiation survey of controlled and uncontrolled areas. Simple statistical tools such as mean and standard deviation were used for analysis with the aid of Microsoft Excel version ...


Challenges In Delivering Refugee Health Services, Thy Vo, Fabiana Kotovicz 2017 University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Challenges In Delivering Refugee Health Services, Thy Vo, Fabiana Kotovicz

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Aurora Health Care is the major health care system providing care to refugees in Milwaukee, where half of Wisconsin’s refugee population resides. Like many other institutions caring for refugee patients, Aurora faces significant challenges when trying to address refugee health needs. Even with the assistance of medical interpreters, cultural differences, language barriers and limited patient health literacy, as well as lack of knowledge of refugee patients’ backgrounds, are major obstacles encountered by health care providers in this setting.

Purpose: This quality improvement study aims to assess Aurora providers’ perceptions of the benefits and barriers to working with refugee ...


First Aid Intervention In The Adult Population: Yorkshire Health Study And Its Implications For First Aid Education, Eleanor Holding, Clare Relton, Katharine Roberts, Emily Oliver 2017 University of Sheffield

First Aid Intervention In The Adult Population: Yorkshire Health Study And Its Implications For First Aid Education, Eleanor Holding, Clare Relton, Katharine Roberts, Emily Oliver

International Journal of First Aid Education

Background: First aid can reduce death, injury and suffering, but little is known about the characteristics of those who actually give and receive it. The aim of this study was to conduct a first aid behavior survey of a large adult population in the United Kingdom.

Methods: A survey (web and postal) of adults was conducted between 2013 and 2015 as part of the Yorkshire Health Study. Two questions were asked about their first aid behavior: whether participants had administered first aid and if yes, their relationship to the first aid recipient.

Results: Of the 13,584 adults who responded ...


Nutritional Status Of Infants At Six Months Of Age Following Maternal Influenza Immunization: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial In Rural Nepal., Joanne Katz, Janet A Englund, Mark C Steinhoff, Subarna K Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Jane Kuypers, Luke C Mullany, Helen Y Chu, Steven C LeClerq, Naoko Kozuki, James M Tielsch 2017 George Washington University

Nutritional Status Of Infants At Six Months Of Age Following Maternal Influenza Immunization: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial In Rural Nepal., Joanne Katz, Janet A Englund, Mark C Steinhoff, Subarna K Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Jane Kuypers, Luke C Mullany, Helen Y Chu, Steven C Leclerq, Naoko Kozuki, James M Tielsch

Global Health Faculty Publications

Background

Maternal influenza vaccination has increased birth weight in two randomized trials in South Asia but the impact on infant growth is unknown.

Methods

A randomized placebo-controlled trial of year round maternal influenza immunization was conducted in two annual cohorts in Sarlahi District, southern plains of Nepal, from April 2011 through April 2014. Infants born to women enrolled in the trial had weight, length, and head circumference measured at birth and 6 months of age. The study was powered for the 3 primary trial outcomes but not for stunting and wasting at 6 months of age.

Results

3693 women received ...


Community-Based Distribution Of Iron-Folic Acid Supplementation In Low- And Middle-Income Countries: A Review Of Evidence And Programme Implications., Justine A Kavle, Megan Landry 2017 George Washington University

Community-Based Distribution Of Iron-Folic Acid Supplementation In Low- And Middle-Income Countries: A Review Of Evidence And Programme Implications., Justine A Kavle, Megan Landry

Prevention and Community Health Faculty Publications

The present literature review aimed to review the evidence for community-based distribution (CBD) of iron–folic acid (IFA) supplementation as a feasible approach to improve anaemia rates in low- and middle-income countries.

The literature review included peer-reviewed studies and grey literature from PubMed, Cochrane Library, LILAC and Scopus databases.

Low- and middle-income countries.

Non-pregnant women, pregnant women, and girls.

CBD programmes had moderate success with midwives and community health workers (CHW) who counselled on health benefits and compliance with IFA supplementation. CHW were more likely to identify and reach a greater number of women earlier in pregnancy, as women tended ...


Leading Causes Of Death In Vietnam, Lindsey Roth 2017 SKMC, Thomas Jefferson University

Leading Causes Of Death In Vietnam, Lindsey Roth

CWIC Posters

Vietnam is currently facing a public health crisis. Rates of chronic and preventable diseases are climbing, in addition to mortality rates from these diseases. If nothing is done to halt these rising rates, the health of the Vietnamese people will only continue to decline. Although there may be many factors contributing to these high death rates due to chronic diseases, risky health behaviors, such as smoking, and the state of the healthcare system can be considered two main contributors to the leading causes of death in Vietnam. The high smoking rates and high costs of healthcare are hindering the health ...


Expanding The Horizon: Global Health Management For Pharmacy Students, Alice C. Chang, Monica L. Miller, Ellen M. Schellhase 2017 Purdue University

Expanding The Horizon: Global Health Management For Pharmacy Students, Alice C. Chang, Monica L. Miller, Ellen M. Schellhase

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

The advancement of global engagement opportunities will promote pharmacy students’ cultural awareness and sensitivity, expose students to treatment of diseases not commonly seen in modern Western medicine, and cultivate future leadership for the growth of global pharmacy practice. At Purdue University College of Pharmacy (PUCOP), limited opportunities exist for student pharmacists. As a result, identifying the needs and expanding student pharmacist access to global engagement experiences are critical to meet the changing needs of the US population. A survey was developed and distributed to 460 students at PUCOP, and 148 of them participated. Of those students, 89.2% were interested ...


Building Healthy Futures: Two Students’ Experiences With Global Health In Rural Ecuador, Varsha Kumar, Daniel Shyu 2017 Purdue University

Building Healthy Futures: Two Students’ Experiences With Global Health In Rural Ecuador, Varsha Kumar, Daniel Shyu

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

This article highlights two students’ experience on Timmy Global Health’s medical brigade to Quito, Ecuador. Timmy is a nonprofit, Indiana-based organization dedicated to advocacy, service, and fundraising on a domestic and global scale. Every year, Timmy sends a group of sixteen students and medical professionals to Quito, Ecuador, over Purdue’s spring break to treat people in underserved communities who otherwise would not have access to quality health care. On this medical brigade, Timmy students travel to a different location each day for a week, set up clinic, and diagnose, treating nearly 100 patients a day. Those with conditions ...


Pertussis Seroepidemiology In Women And Their Infants In Sarlahi District, Nepal., Michelle M Hughes, Janet A Englund, Kathryn Edwards, Sandra Yoder, James M Tielsch, Mark Steinhoff, Subarna K Khatry, Steven C LeClerq, Joanne Katz 2017 George Washington University

Pertussis Seroepidemiology In Women And Their Infants In Sarlahi District, Nepal., Michelle M Hughes, Janet A Englund, Kathryn Edwards, Sandra Yoder, James M Tielsch, Mark Steinhoff, Subarna K Khatry, Steven C Leclerq, Joanne Katz

Global Health Faculty Publications

Background

Infants are at greatest risk for pertussis morbidity and mortality. Maternal vaccination during pregnancy has been shown to prevent pertussis in young infants in high- and middle-income countries. However, data on the levels of maternal pertussis antibodies and the efficiency of transplacental transfer in low-income South Asian settings are limited.

Objective

To estimate the prevalence of maternal pertussis antibodies and the efficiency of transplacental transfer in rural southern Nepal.

Design/methods

Paired maternal-infant blood samples were collected from a subsample of participants in a randomized, controlled trial of maternal influenza immunization (n = 291 pairs). Sera were tested by enzyme-linked ...


Tuberculosis, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, And The Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome, Alwyn Rapose, S. Karande 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Tuberculosis, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, And The Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome, Alwyn Rapose, S. Karande

Open Access Articles

Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) continues to remain a major health problem in India in spite of achieving nationwide coverage with directly observed therapy since 2006. The estimated incidence of 2.2 million TB cases and a prevalence of 2.5 million in the year 2015 make India the country with the highest burden of TB in the world. In addition, it is estimated that a substantial part of the healthy population (up to 40%) has latent (inactive) TB. India had estimated 2.1 million people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the year 2015...HIV and TB coinfection creates ...


Impact Of Maternal Vaccination Timing And Influenza Virus Circulation On Birth Outcomes In Rural Nepal., Naoko Kozuki, Joanne Katz, Janet A Englund, Mark C Steinhoff, Subarna K Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Jane Kuypers, Luke C Mullany, Helen Y Chu, Steven C LeClerq, James M Tielsch 2017 George Washington University

Impact Of Maternal Vaccination Timing And Influenza Virus Circulation On Birth Outcomes In Rural Nepal., Naoko Kozuki, Joanne Katz, Janet A Englund, Mark C Steinhoff, Subarna K Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Jane Kuypers, Luke C Mullany, Helen Y Chu, Steven C Leclerq, James M Tielsch

Global Health Faculty Publications

Objective

To describe the effect of maternal vaccination on birth outcomes in rural Nepal, modified by timing of vaccination in pregnancy and influenza virus activity.

Methods

A secondary analysis was conducted using data from two annual cohorts of a randomized controlled trial. A total of 3693 pregnant women from Sarlahi District were enrolled between April 25, 2011, and September 9, 2013. All participants were aged 15–40 years and received a trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine or placebo. The outcome measures included birth weight, pregnancy length, low birth weight (<2500 g), preterm birth, and small‐for‐gestational‐age birth.

Results

Data were available on birth weight for 2741 births and on ...


Delaware Health Sciences Alliance Global Health Symposium: Refugee And Immigrant Access To Care Locally And Globally, 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Delaware Health Sciences Alliance Global Health Symposium: Refugee And Immigrant Access To Care Locally And Globally

Global Health Events

Welcome to the 6th annual Global Health Symposium! As always, we are pleased to highlight the latest in our growing Global Health interests across the DHSA. The Delaware Health Sciences Alliance is a partnership of:

  • Christiana Care Health System
  • Jefferson Philadelphia University & Thomas Jefferson University
  • Nemours / Alfred I. duPont Institute for Children
  • University of Delaware


Digital Commons powered by bepress