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815 full-text articles. Page 32 of 34.

Effects Of Socioeconomic Status On Colon Cancer Treatment Accessibility And Survival In Toronto, Ontario, And San Francisco, California, 1996-2006, Kevin M. Gorey, Isaac N. Luginaah, Emma Bartfay, Karen Y. Fung, Eric J. Holowaty, Frances C. Wright, Caroline Hamm, Sindu M. Kanjeekal 2011 University of Windsor

Effects Of Socioeconomic Status On Colon Cancer Treatment Accessibility And Survival In Toronto, Ontario, And San Francisco, California, 1996-2006, Kevin M. Gorey, Isaac N. Luginaah, Emma Bartfay, Karen Y. Fung, Eric J. Holowaty, Frances C. Wright, Caroline Hamm, Sindu M. Kanjeekal

Social Work Publications

OBJECTIVES: We examined the differential effects of socioeconomic status on colon cancer care and survival in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, and San Francisco, California.

METHODS: We analyzed registry data for colon cancer patients from Ontario (n = 930) and California (n = 1014), diagnosed between 1996 and 2000 and followed until 2006, on stage, surgery, adjuvant chemotherapy, and survival. We obtained socioeconomic data for individuals' residences from population censuses.

RESULTS: Income was directly associated with lymph node evaluation, chemotherapy, and survival in San Francisco but not in Toronto. High-income persons had better survival rates in San Francisco than in Toronto. After adjustment for ...


The Supply Of Physicians And Care For Breast Cancer In Ontario And California, 1998 To 2006, Kevin M. Gorey, Isaac N. Luginaah, Caroline Hamm, Madhan K. Balagurusamy, Eric J. Holowaty 2011 University of Windsor

The Supply Of Physicians And Care For Breast Cancer In Ontario And California, 1998 To 2006, Kevin M. Gorey, Isaac N. Luginaah, Caroline Hamm, Madhan K. Balagurusamy, Eric J. Holowaty

Social Work Publications

INTRODUCTION: We examined the differential effects of the supply of physicians on care for breast cancer in Ontario and California. We then used criteria for optimum care for breast cancer to estimate the regional needs for the supply of physicians.

METHODS: Ontario and California registries provided 951 and 984 instances of breast cancer diagnosed between 1998 and 2000 and followed until 2006. These cohorts were joined with the supply of county-level primary care physicians (PCPs) and specialists in cancer care and compared on care for breast cancer.

RESULTS: Significant protective PCP thresholds (7.75 to = 8.25 PCPs per 10 ...


Vitamin D Levels And Risk Of Dyslipidemia Among Us Children With Diabetes And Obesity, Elsina E. Hagan 2011 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Vitamin D Levels And Risk Of Dyslipidemia Among Us Children With Diabetes And Obesity, Elsina E. Hagan

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Dyslipidemia is increasing among U.S. children, and the prevalence is highest among children with diabetes and obesity. Recently, vitamin D deficiency has been suggested as a possible dietary risk factor for dyslipidemia. Despite the high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency amongst children, virtually no studies have evaluated the association between vitamin D and dyslipidemia among children. We evaluated the vitamin D and dyslipidemia relationship among 240 children and adolescents aged 2 through 21 years who were outpatients of a pediatric endocrinology unit at a large tertiary care facility in Western Massachusetts from April 2008 to April 2010. Eligible children ...


Military Forces, Global Health, And The International Health Regulations (2005), David P. Fidler 2011 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Military Forces, Global Health, And The International Health Regulations (2005), David P. Fidler

Articles by Maurer Faculty

Security, economic, development, and humanitarian threats created by infectious diseases have heightened the importance of military forces to national and global public health responses. This article explores the increasing need for military involvement in public and global health surveillance and response to infectious disease threats, and focuses on how military forces can more effectively support implementation of the World Health Organization’s International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR (2005)). The article explains the major changes made in negotiations that produced the IHR (2005) and the importance of these changes to military-to-military activities and civilian-military cooperation. It identifies five areas in which ...


Iron Status, Inflammation And Anemia In Bangladeshi Women Exposed To Arsenic, Joycelyn M. Faraj 2011 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Iron Status, Inflammation And Anemia In Bangladeshi Women Exposed To Arsenic, Joycelyn M. Faraj

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Iron depletion (ID) is the most common nutrient deficiency worldwide and is the leading cause of anemia. Chronic arsenic (As) exposure is a major public health problem in Bangladesh and triggers inflammatory responses that render iron status assessment challenging. We assessed the prevalence of ID and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in 147 arsenic-exposed Bangladeshi women (75 skin lesion cases; 72 controls), ages 18-33 years, who were part of a skin lesion study. Hemoglobin (Hb) was measured in whole blood; ferritin and hs-c-reactive protein (CRP) were measured in serum. The prevalence of anemia (Hb<120g/L) was 18%. Although the prevalence of ID (ferritin≤12mcg/L) did not differ between cases and controls, anemia was more common among cases (25% vs. 10%; p=0.02). Of anemic women, 27% (N=7) also had ID (Hb<120g/L and ferritin≤12mcg/L), indicating IDA. Women with normal iron status had higher toenail arsenic compared to iron-depleted women (2.9 vs 1.4 µg As/g toenail; p=0.00), and their water arsenic concentration was higher than that of iron-depleted women (18.8 vs 6.2 µg As/L; p=0.03); every 1µg increase in toenail As was associated with a 45% lowered risk of ID (OR=0.55, 95%CI=0.33,0.94). Much of the anemia in this cohort appears unrelated to ID, but could be linked to other nutrients, such as folate and vitamin B12, which are involved in both hematopoiesis and arsenic metabolism. It is possible that arsenic exposure in this cohort compromised folate and vitamin B12 status.


The Pandemic Threat : Re-Establishing The Utility Of Hans Morgenthau's Classical Realism For 21st Century International Relations, Mark Dinnen 2011 Bond University

The Pandemic Threat : Re-Establishing The Utility Of Hans Morgenthau's Classical Realism For 21st Century International Relations, Mark Dinnen

Theses

This thesis takes on the responsibility of assessing the political implications of pandemics. The thesis reasserts the dominance of Morgenthau's classical realism within the field of international relations. The utility of Morgenthau's work exists within his particular framework of national power. This thesis seeks to assess the veracity of Hans Morgenthau's 20th century classical realism, in the 21st century international environment, and investigates the threat posed to nation states by infectious disease; and in particular the widespread and lethal pandemic.


Health Development Experiences In Haiti: What Can Be Learned From The Past To Find A Way Forward?, Richard Wamai, Colleen Larkin 2010 Northeastern University

Health Development Experiences In Haiti: What Can Be Learned From The Past To Find A Way Forward?, Richard Wamai, Colleen Larkin

Richard G. Wamai

Haiti’s history is marred by neo colonialism, structural violence, dictatorial politics, and severe natural disasters. These social political and geo-ecological factors have played a strong role in shaping the country’s past and current experiences in health and development. This paper overviews Haiti’s recent developments in health in light of the country’s tragic and complex history and comments on the health impact of the 2010 earthquake. In light of this information we draw some general conclusions and recommendations for going forward.


State Of Child Health Among Poor And Non-Poor In Urban India, Abhishek Kumar 2010 International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)

State Of Child Health Among Poor And Non-Poor In Urban India, Abhishek Kumar

Abhishek Kumar

No abstract provided.


Vaccine Liability In The Supreme Court: Forging A Social Compact, John D. Kraemer, Lawrence O. Gostin 2010 Georgetown University

Vaccine Liability In The Supreme Court: Forging A Social Compact, John D. Kraemer, Lawrence O. Gostin

John D Kraemer

In its decision in Bruesewitz v. Wyeth LLC, the Supreme Court ruled that state products liability suits that allege design defects in vaccines are preempted by the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act. This decision, the third in a trilogy of Supreme Court preemption cases that deal with products liability suits for health commodities, preserves the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program and the delicate balance between ensuring the vaccine supply and compensating injuries that it enables. Failing to preempt state product liability suits would have exposed vaccine manufacturers to substantial litigation costs defending unfounded claims about autism.


Cattle, Livelihoods, And Coping With Food Insecurity In The Context Of Drought And Hiv/Aids In Rural Zimbabwe, John Mazzeo 2010 DePaul University

Cattle, Livelihoods, And Coping With Food Insecurity In The Context Of Drought And Hiv/Aids In Rural Zimbabwe, John Mazzeo

John Mazzeo, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Sex And Hiv Disclosure, Aziza Ahmed, Beri Hull 2010 Northeastern University

Sex And Hiv Disclosure, Aziza Ahmed, Beri Hull

Aziza Ahmed

No abstract provided.


The Value Of Critique And Distributive Analysis To Addressing The Needs Of Sex Workers In The Context Of Hiv: A Response To Libby Adler’S “Gay Rights And Lefts”, Aziza Ahmed 2010 Northeastern University

The Value Of Critique And Distributive Analysis To Addressing The Needs Of Sex Workers In The Context Of Hiv: A Response To Libby Adler’S “Gay Rights And Lefts”, Aziza Ahmed

Aziza Ahmed

No abstract provided.


Alternatives To Criminalization Of Hiv Transmission And Exposure, Aziza Ahmed 2010 Northeastern University School of Law

Alternatives To Criminalization Of Hiv Transmission And Exposure, Aziza Ahmed

Aziza Ahmed

No abstract provided.


The Ingredients Of Change: A Political Ecology Approach To Diabetes In The Somali Community Of Minnesota, Mina Tehrani 2010 Macalester College

The Ingredients Of Change: A Political Ecology Approach To Diabetes In The Somali Community Of Minnesota, Mina Tehrani

Geography Capstone Projects

In the early 1990’s, due to political circumstances at home, Somali immigrants and refugees began arriving in the state of Minnesota in large numbers. Over the past two decades, Somali immigrants have come to comprise one of the most populous ethnic groups in the Twin Cities, and are the largest Somali population in the world outside of Eastern Africa. Although quantitative data is unavailable, qualitative evidence and testimonies of healthcare professionals support the conclusion that Somali immigrants in Minnesota suffer from higher rates of diabetes than non-immigrant groups and than they likely did before migration. Why might this be ...


Lowering The Risk Of Spreading Hiv Among Heterosexual Men In Africa, Richard Wamai 2010 Northeastern University

Lowering The Risk Of Spreading Hiv Among Heterosexual Men In Africa, Richard Wamai

Richard G. Wamai

No abstract provided.


Battling Hiv/Aids And The Healthcare Crisis In Africa, Richard Wamai 2010 Northeastern University

Battling Hiv/Aids And The Healthcare Crisis In Africa, Richard Wamai

Richard G. Wamai

No abstract provided.


Agenda: 2010 World Energy Justice Conference: Emerging Solutions For The Energy Poor: Technological, Entrepreneurial And Institutional Challenges, University of Colorado Boulder. Center for Energy & Environmental Security, Colorado Journal of International Environmental Law and Policy 2010 University of Colorado Law School

Agenda: 2010 World Energy Justice Conference: Emerging Solutions For The Energy Poor: Technological, Entrepreneurial And Institutional Challenges, University Of Colorado Boulder. Center For Energy & Environmental Security, Colorado Journal Of International Environmental Law And Policy

2010 World Energy Justice Conference (November 5)

This conference is a sequel to the 2009 World Energy Justice Conference (WEJC 2009) which began examining ways of mainstreaming safe, clean, and efficient energy for the world's Energy Poor (EP). The EP number two and a half billion people living on less than $1-2 a day who have no access to modern energy services. WEJC 2010 more fully develops these themes. WEJC 2010 will explore how the next round of global warming meetings in Cancun could design new flexibility mechanisms that give credits, for example, for the reduction of black carbon by the adoption of cookstoves, and embrace ...


Hiv Prevention Cost-Effectiveness: A Systematic Review, Omar Gálarraga, M. Colchero, Richard Wamai, Stefano Bertozzi 2010 Mexican School of Public Health/National Institute of Public Health (INSP); Haas School of Business - University of California - Berkeley

Hiv Prevention Cost-Effectiveness: A Systematic Review, Omar Gálarraga, M. Colchero, Richard Wamai, Stefano Bertozzi

Richard G. Wamai

Background: After more than 25 years, public health programs have not been able to sufficiently reduce the number of new HIV infections. Over 7,000 people become infected with HIV every day. Lack of convincing evidence of cost-effectiveness (CE) may be one of the reasons why implementation of effective programs is not occurring at sufficient scale. This paper identifies, summarizes and critiques the CE literature related to HIV-prevention interventions in low- and middle-income countries during 2005-2008. Methods: Systematic identification of publications was conducted through several methods: electronic databases, internet search of international organizations and major funding/implementing agencies, and journal ...


A Conversation On African Diaspora, Richard Wamai 2010 Northeastern University

A Conversation On African Diaspora, Richard Wamai

Richard G. Wamai

No abstract provided.


Reasons For Reducing Breastfeeding Duration Among Chinese Mothers In Ireland:A Qualitative Study, Qianling Zhou 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

Reasons For Reducing Breastfeeding Duration Among Chinese Mothers In Ireland:A Qualitative Study, Qianling Zhou

Other resources

Introduction: The Ireland Chinese Mother Survey has revealed a remarkable decline of breastfeeding duration among Chinese mothers who gave birth in Ireland [1]. This qualitative study was undertaken to explore the reasons for such a decrease and to determine the influence of residency in Ireland on breastfeeding practices among immigrant Chinese. Methods: Purposive sampling together with the snowball technique was used to recruit immigrant Chinese women who have given birth in Ireland. Seven focus groups were conducted and thematic content analysis was performed to analyse the data. Results: Decline in breastfeeding duration was not mainly due to the formula feeding ...


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