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Exploring Significant Impacts Of Global Health On Nursing Education And Resource-Poor Communities: An Integrative Literature Review, Kimberly Elkayam, Elizabeth Del Cimmuto 2018 DePaul University

Exploring Significant Impacts Of Global Health On Nursing Education And Resource-Poor Communities: An Integrative Literature Review, Kimberly Elkayam, Elizabeth Del Cimmuto

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Exploring Significant Impact of Global Health Experienced by Nursing Educators: An Integrative Literature Review

Elizabeth Del Cimmuto & Kimberly Elkayam

Faculty Sponsor: Young-Me Lee, PhD, RN

Background: Nursing education in the United States is largely focused on health promotion at the local and community level. Modern advances in communication technology have facilitated a movement in nursing to gradually adopt a global health perspective in both practice and education.

Objective: to explore what research has been done regarding how nurse educators are impacted by adopting global health perspectives in nursing education and to suggest one potential way to add to this body ...


Building Healthy Communities In The Dominican Republic: A Mixed-Methods Approach Towards Engaging The Community, Camille Lundberg, Fatema Bhagat, Katherine Brown, Arelis Moore de Peralta 2018 Clemson University

Building Healthy Communities In The Dominican Republic: A Mixed-Methods Approach Towards Engaging The Community, Camille Lundberg, Fatema Bhagat, Katherine Brown, Arelis Moore De Peralta

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Breakout Session 1C: The Building Healthy Communities Creative Inquiry is an ongoing undergraduate and graduate student-led project from Clemson University. Its goal is to facilitate community-driven improvement of a small rural community in the Dominican Republic, Las Malvinas II. We strive to address five public health priorities, identified in consultation with the community, including vaccine-preventable diseases, chronic diseases, education, sanitation, and unwanted pregnancies. To address these areas for improvement, our research used a mixed-methods approach, using both qualitative and quantitative data gathering tools. Qualitative methods included focus groups and interviews with community leaders and relevant governmental and non-governmental organizations from ...


Neonatal Resuscitation And Quality Improvement Initiatives At Hopital St Nicolas De Saint Marc, Haiti, Deborah O’Dowd 2018 Worcester State University

Neonatal Resuscitation And Quality Improvement Initiatives At Hopital St Nicolas De Saint Marc, Haiti, Deborah O’Dowd

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

According to statistics drawn from the World Health Organization, Haiti has one of the highest infant mortality rates in the Americas, at 52.2 per 1,000 live births as compared to 12.5 per 1,000 live births in the Americas overall (World Health Organization, 2016). One of the key factors in improving these numbers is to improve the availability and quality of care. Providing advanced education to Haitian nursing staff regarding the care of neonates is vital to improving the outcomes of this patient population. Additionally, providing a strong foundation in quality improvement methodology gives the nurses the ...


Addressing Hydrocephaly In Viet Nam: A Plausible Prevention And Intervention Medical Support Program Proposal, Chelle McIntyre-Brewer 2018 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Addressing Hydrocephaly In Viet Nam: A Plausible Prevention And Intervention Medical Support Program Proposal, Chelle Mcintyre-Brewer

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Families affected by hydrocephalus in Viet Nam have few options for sustainable treatment for a myriad of reasons, primarily centering on barriers to care prevalent to minority, underserved, and economically disadvantaged populations. High morbidity and abandonment rates often result from these circumstances. An interdisciplinary examination of the factors contributing to causal concerns reveals unique cultural considerations, language and literacy barriers, ethnic and geographic differences, as well as economic and governmental issues greatly impacting patient outcome for this condition. The author contends that a program that addresses sociological concerns, along with the medical treatment of the patient, proffers the opportunity for ...


A Rare Case Of Enhancing Anterior Interhemispheric Racemose Neurocysticercosis With Foci Of Calcification And Direct Parenchymal Extension, Anupama Chandrappa, Rajesh Raman, Suchetha Satish 2018 JSS Medical College Hospital, JSS University, Mysore

A Rare Case Of Enhancing Anterior Interhemispheric Racemose Neurocysticercosis With Foci Of Calcification And Direct Parenchymal Extension, Anupama Chandrappa, Rajesh Raman, Suchetha Satish

Journal of Global Radiology

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) refers to the central nervous system (CNS) infestation of the larvae of pork tapeworm Taenia solium. It is endemic in Central and South America, Asia and Africa. It most commonly presents as intraparenchymal subcentimetric ring enhancing lesions of variable ages (or size and duration) with surrounding vasogenic edema. The lesions calcify with time. Rarely, NCC can occur in extraparenchymal locations, within the subarachnoid space and ventricles. At these locations it is usually seen as a proliferative lobulated cystic mass without a scolex which is termed racemose neurocysticercosis. Racemose cysticerci do not show calcification, scolex, or enhancement.

We report ...


Qualitative Evaluation Of The Saleema Campaign To Eliminate Female Genital Mutilation And Cutting In Sudan., Andrea C Johnson, W Douglas Evans, Nicole Barrett, Howida Badri, Tamador Abdalla, Cody Donahue 2018 George Washington University

Qualitative Evaluation Of The Saleema Campaign To Eliminate Female Genital Mutilation And Cutting In Sudan., Andrea C Johnson, W Douglas Evans, Nicole Barrett, Howida Badri, Tamador Abdalla, Cody Donahue

Prevention and Community Health Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation and cutting (FGM/C, herein FGM) is a widespread and harmful practice. The Government developed a national campaign in Sudan, called Saleema, to change social norms discouraging FGM. Saleema translates to being "whole", healthy in body and mind, unharmed, intact, pristine, and untouched, in a God-given condition. An interim evaluation was conducted using focus groups among Sudanese adults. The primary aim was to explore perceptions of the Saleema poster exemplars and to assess if the desired themes were being communicated. Secondary aims were to understand more about participants' information sources, values, and suggestions for the campaign ...


Intellectual Property And Public Health – A White Paper, Ryan G. Vacca, Jim Chen, Jay Dratler Jr., Tom Folsom, Timothy Hall, Yaniv Heled, Frank Pasquale, Elizabeth Reilly, Jeff Samuels, Kathy Strandburg, Kara Swanson, Andrew Torrance, Katharine Van Tassel 2018 University of Akron School of Law

Intellectual Property And Public Health – A White Paper, Ryan G. Vacca, Jim Chen, Jay Dratler Jr., Tom Folsom, Timothy Hall, Yaniv Heled, Frank Pasquale, Elizabeth Reilly, Jeff Samuels, Kathy Strandburg, Kara Swanson, Andrew Torrance, Katharine Van Tassel

Katharine Van Tassel

On October 26, 2012, the University of Akron School of Law’s Center for Intellectual Property and Technology hosted its Sixth Annual IP Scholars Forum. In attendance were thirteen legal scholars with expertise and an interest in IP and public health who met to discuss problems and potential solutions at the intersection of these fields. This report summarizes this discussion by describing the problems raised, areas of agreement and disagreement between the participants, suggestions and solutions made by participants and the subsequent evaluations of these suggestions and solutions.

Led by the moderator, participants at the Forum focused generally on three ...


When Should Naloxone Be Administered To The Undifferentiated Unresponsive Person?, Ira Nemeth, Andrew Macpherson, Richard N. Bradley 2018 Umass Memorial Medical Center

When Should Naloxone Be Administered To The Undifferentiated Unresponsive Person?, Ira Nemeth, Andrew Macpherson, Richard N. Bradley

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Challenges Of Refugee Health Care: Perspectives Of Medical Interpreters, Case Managers, And Pharmacists, Fabiana Kotovicz, Anne Getzin, Thy Vo 2018 Aurora Health Care; University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Challenges Of Refugee Health Care: Perspectives Of Medical Interpreters, Case Managers, And Pharmacists, Fabiana Kotovicz, Anne Getzin, Thy Vo

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Our objective was to identify perceived challenges in the provision of health care for refugees from the perspective of medical interpreters, case managers, and pharmacists working with refugee patients in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Methods: Two 60-minute focus groups were performed exploring challenges in refugee health care using a literature-based semi-structured protocol. Focus groups were transcribed and de-identified prior to independent analysis by two of the investigators. Using a memoing-process qualitative approach, major concepts, cross-cutting themes, and subthemes were established and ultimately developed a narrative. The project protocol was approved as not human subject research by the local institutional review board ...


Russian Federation: Alcoholism, Hannah Vercellotti 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Russian Federation: Alcoholism, Hannah Vercellotti

Global Public Health

The Russian Federation, better known as Russia, is the largest nation in the world. While the country faces numerous internal and external challenges, one of the most prevalent public health issues is alcoholism and excessive alcohol use. This is particularly concerning since, in addition to direct mortalities, alcoholism leads to Russia’s leading cause of death, coronary heart disease. The research compiled in this brief examines general information about the country, a few common public health issues faced, basic epidemiology, and previous interventions targeted at reducing alcoholism and excessive alcohol use. The project then proposes a future intervention aimed at ...


Evaluation Of Behavior Change Communication Campaigns To Promote Modern Cookstove Purchase And Use In Lower Middle Income Countries, W. Douglas Evans, Michael Johnson, Kirstie Jagoe, Dana Charron, A.S.M. Mashiur Rahman, Daniel Omolloh, Julie Ipe 2018 George Washington University

Evaluation Of Behavior Change Communication Campaigns To Promote Modern Cookstove Purchase And Use In Lower Middle Income Countries, W. Douglas Evans, Michael Johnson, Kirstie Jagoe, Dana Charron, A.S.M. Mashiur Rahman, Daniel Omolloh, Julie Ipe

Global Health Faculty Publications

Nearly three billion people worldwide burn solid fuels and kerosene in open fires and inefficient stoves to cook, light, and heat their homes. Cleaner-burning stoves reduce emissions and can have positive health, climate, and women’s empowerment benefits. This article reports on the protocol and baseline data from the evaluation of four behavior change communication (BCC) campaigns carried out in lower to middle income countries aimed at promoting the sale and use of cleaner-burning stoves. Interventions implemented in Bangladesh, Kenya, and Nigeria are using a range of BCC methods including mass media, digital media, outdoor advertising, and inter-personal communication. The ...


Modeling The Relationship Between Women’S Perceptions And Future Intention To Use Institutional Maternity Care In The Western Highlands Of Guatemala, Emily Peca, John Sandberg 2018 George Washington University

Modeling The Relationship Between Women’S Perceptions And Future Intention To Use Institutional Maternity Care In The Western Highlands Of Guatemala, Emily Peca, John Sandberg

Global Health Faculty Publications

Background

Despite global gains, women in hard-to-reach areas are at a relatively higher risk of death and disability related to childbirth. Traditional methods of measuring satisfaction may mask negative experiences (such as disrespect and abuse) that can drive down demand for institutional care. Better measurement of women’s perceptions of care quality, especially among marginalized populations with historically low utilization of institutional care, are needed to inform how to improve services and foster greater utilization of (potentially life-saving) clinical care.

Methods

A population-based household survey was conducted in 15 purposively selected villages in the rural Western Highlands of Guatemala among ...


Patterns Of Civilian And Child Deaths Due To War-Related Violence In Syria: A Comparative Analysis From The Violation Documentation Center Dataset, 2011-16, Debarati Guha-Sapir, Benjamin Schluter, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Louis Lillywhite, Madelyn J. Hsiao-Rei Hicks 2018 Université catholique de Louvain

Patterns Of Civilian And Child Deaths Due To War-Related Violence In Syria: A Comparative Analysis From The Violation Documentation Center Dataset, 2011-16, Debarati Guha-Sapir, Benjamin Schluter, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Louis Lillywhite, Madelyn J. Hsiao-Rei Hicks

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Since March, 2011, the Syrian civil war has lowered life expectancy by as much as 20 years. We describe demographic, spatial, and temporal patterns of direct deaths of civilians and opposition combatants from conflict-related violence in 6 years of war.

METHODS: We analysed conflict-related violent deaths with complete information on date, place, and cause of death and demographic group occurring from March 18, 2011, to Dec 31, 2016, recorded by the Violation Documentation Center (VDC). We included civilian and combatant deaths in all Syrian governorates, excluding government-controlled areas. We did not include detainees and missing persons, nor deaths from ...


Reducing Stigma Among Healthcare Providers To Improve Mental Health Services (Reshape): Protocol For A Pilot Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial Of A Stigma Reduction Intervention For Training Primary Healthcare Workers In Nepal., Brandon A Kohrt, Mark J D Jordans, Elizabeth L Turner, Kathleen J Sikkema, Nagendra P Luitel, Sauharda Rai, Daisy R Singla, Jagannath Lamichhane, Crick Lund, Vikram Patel 2018 George Washington University

Reducing Stigma Among Healthcare Providers To Improve Mental Health Services (Reshape): Protocol For A Pilot Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial Of A Stigma Reduction Intervention For Training Primary Healthcare Workers In Nepal., Brandon A Kohrt, Mark J D Jordans, Elizabeth L Turner, Kathleen J Sikkema, Nagendra P Luitel, Sauharda Rai, Daisy R Singla, Jagannath Lamichhane, Crick Lund, Vikram Patel

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications

Background

Non-specialist healthcare providers, including primary and community healthcare workers, in low- and middle-income countries can effectively treat mental illness. However, scaling-up mental health services within existing health systems has been limited by barriers such as stigma against people with mental illness. Therefore, interventions are needed to address attitudes and behaviors among non-specialists. Aimed at addressing this gap, REducing Stigma among HealthcAre Providers to ImprovE mental health services (RESHAPE) is an intervention in which social contact with mental health service users is added to training for non-specialist healthcare workers integrating mental health services ...


Drought-Sensitivity Of Fine Dust In The U.S. Southwest: Implications For Air Quality And Public Health Under Future Climate Change, Pattanun Achakulwisut, Loretta Mickley, Susan Anenberg 2018 George Washington University

Drought-Sensitivity Of Fine Dust In The U.S. Southwest: Implications For Air Quality And Public Health Under Future Climate Change, Pattanun Achakulwisut, Loretta Mickley, Susan Anenberg

Global Health Faculty Publications

We investigate the present-day sensitivity of fine dust levels in the U.S. Southwest to regional drought conditions and use the observed relationships to assess future changes in fine dust levels and associated health impacts under climate change. Empirical Orthogonal Function analysis reveals that the most dominant mode of fine dust interannual variability for each season consists of a pattern of large-scale co-variability across the Southwest. This mode is strongly correlated to the Standardized Precipitation-Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) accumulated over 1-6 months in local and surrounding regions spanning the major North American deserts. Across the seasons, a unit decrease in 2-month ...


Social-Support Needs Among Adolescents Living With Hiv In Transition From Pediatric To Adult Care In Cambodia: Findings From A Cross-Sectional Study, Graham Toth, Gitau Mburu, Sovannary Tuot, Vohith Khol, Chanrith Ngin, Pheak Chhoun, Siyan Yi 2018 Touro University California

Social-Support Needs Among Adolescents Living With Hiv In Transition From Pediatric To Adult Care In Cambodia: Findings From A Cross-Sectional Study, Graham Toth, Gitau Mburu, Sovannary Tuot, Vohith Khol, Chanrith Ngin, Pheak Chhoun, Siyan Yi

College of Education & Health Sciences (TUC) Publications and Research

BACKGROUND: Understanding the circumstances of adolescents living with HIV is critical in designing adolescent-friendly services that will facilitate successful transition from pediatric to adult care. This study describes access, utilization and ongoing social support needs among adolescents living with HIV aged 15-17 in transition from pediatric to adult HIV care in Cambodia.

METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 328 adolescents, randomly selected from 11 antiretroviral therapy (ART) clinics across the country. Descriptive analyses were conducted to summarize their characteristics, access to social support and ongoing support needs among male and female adolescents.

RESULTS: Mean age of the study participants ...


Adolescent Depression Prevention Toolkit, Avesta M. Khursand 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Adolescent Depression Prevention Toolkit, Avesta M. Khursand

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of depression in the adolescent population is on the rise. Currently, treatment for depression is provided mostly in clinical settings, when patients are in the acute phase of the mental illness. This type of treatment does not have preventative value to address this pandemic of depression. Prevention methods in the school settings have proven to be effective if done using evidence based guidelines.

Methods: This educational intervention used the Adolescent Depression Prevention Toolkit, which included screening tools and preventative methods of therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). A questionnaire of knowledge surrounding these methods was ...


Surgical Management Of Symptomatic Intraluminal Duodenal Diverticulum In An Adolescent, Vivian Lam Saavedra, Timothy D. Kane, Stefany Garrity 2018 George Washington University

Surgical Management Of Symptomatic Intraluminal Duodenal Diverticulum In An Adolescent, Vivian Lam Saavedra, Timothy D. Kane, Stefany Garrity

Surgery Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Infant Mortality: Sub-Saharan Africa, Danielle Rae Steffen 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Infant Mortality: Sub-Saharan Africa, Danielle Rae Steffen

Global Issues in Public Health

Like much of the third world, the countries found in Sub-Saharan Africa have a distressingly high infant mortality rate compared to those recorded in places such as the United States and Europe. While there are many factors that play a role in the increased number of infant deaths in this region, lack of access to adequate healthcare for infants and their families is one of the main overarching causes. Although infant mortality rates remain high, there has been significant improvement in infant survival over the last several years which is largely due to the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals ...


Microcephaly, Christianne E. Albers 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Microcephaly, Christianne E. Albers

Global Issues in Public Health

Microcephaly is a noncommunicable condition causing the head of an infant to be smaller than what is typical. Microcephaly can cause delays in developmental milestones and/or can cause other conditions such as epilepsy, cerebral palsy, learning disabilities, hearing loss and vision problems. Microcephaly is found more frequently in certain populations of the world than others, specifically those with an increased number of cases with Zika virus. Women need to take preventative measures to ensure their unborn child is safe from the Zika virus. The Zika virus is not the only way microcephaly can occur. Many other causes like exposure ...


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