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901 full-text articles. Page 1 of 39.

“We Love The Way You Think” Winner: The Apple And The Mannequin, Emily Stang 2018 Kent State University

“We Love The Way You Think” Winner: The Apple And The Mannequin, Emily Stang

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Equipping First Aid Learners To Respond In Fragile Environments, Ellen Gordon, Thomas Wilp, Emily Oliver 2018 British Red Cross

Equipping First Aid Learners To Respond In Fragile Environments, Ellen Gordon, Thomas Wilp, Emily Oliver

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


A Case For Including Sepsis Identification In First Aid Education, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino 2018 Aultman College of Nursing & Health Sciences

A Case For Including Sepsis Identification In First Aid Education, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Timing Of Influenza Vaccination In Pregnancy On Transplacental Antibody Transfer, Influenza Incidence, And Birth Outcomes: A Randomized Trial In Rural Nepal., Joanne Katz, Janet A Englund, Mark C Steinhoff, Subarna K Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Jane Kuypers, Luke C Mullany, Helen Y Chu, Steven C LeClerq, Naoko Kozuki, James M Tielsch 2018 George Washington University

Impact Of Timing Of Influenza Vaccination In Pregnancy On Transplacental Antibody Transfer, Influenza Incidence, And Birth Outcomes: A Randomized Trial In Rural Nepal., Joanne Katz, Janet A Englund, Mark C Steinhoff, Subarna K Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Jane Kuypers, Luke C Mullany, Helen Y Chu, Steven C Leclerq, Naoko Kozuki, James M Tielsch

Global Health Faculty Publications

Background: Maternal influenza vaccination protects mothers and their infants in low resource settings, but little is known about whether the protection varies by gestational age at vaccination.

Methods: Women of childbearing age in rural southern Nepal were surveilled for pregnancy, consented and randomized to receive maternal influenza vaccination or placebo, with randomization stratified on gestational age (17-25 or 26-34 weeks). Enrollment occurred in 2 annual cohorts, and vaccinations occurred from April 2011 through September 2013.

Results: In sum, 3693 women consented and enrolled, resulting in 3646 live births. Although cord blood antibody titers and the rise in maternal titers were ...


Letter From The Editor, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino 2018 Aultman College of Nursing & Health Sciences

Letter From The Editor, Jeffrey L. Pellegrino

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


High-Risk Advanced Maternal Age And High Parity Pregnancy: Tackling A Neglected Need Through Formative Research And Action., Khadidiatou Ndiaye, Erin Portillo, Dieneba Ouedraogo, Allison Mobley, Stella Babalola 2018 George Washington University

High-Risk Advanced Maternal Age And High Parity Pregnancy: Tackling A Neglected Need Through Formative Research And Action., Khadidiatou Ndiaye, Erin Portillo, Dieneba Ouedraogo, Allison Mobley, Stella Babalola

Global Health Faculty Publications

Pregnancy among women of advanced maternal age (those 35 years or older) or among women of high parity (those having had 5 or more births) is linked to maternal and infant mortality. Yet little is known about the drivers of these pregnancies as they are often neglected in existing family planning and reproductive health programs. To better understand the context in which advanced maternal age and high parity pregnancies occur and the acceptability of discussing associated pregnancy risks, the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative (HC3) conducted formative qualitative research between January and March 2015 on the perception and determinants of such ...


Sepsis: The Silent Killer We Should Be Stopping, Ron Daniels 2018 UK Sepsis Trust

Sepsis: The Silent Killer We Should Be Stopping, Ron Daniels

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Human Behavior Impacts On Health Care, Barbara W. Son, Carole South-Winter 2018 California State University, Los Angeles

Human Behavior Impacts On Health Care, Barbara W. Son, Carole South-Winter

Journal of International & Interdisciplinary Business Research

It is critical to understand human behavior in order to implement effective health-care policies for both developing and industrialized countries. Human behavior issues were studied in Ghana, with a developing economy, and South Korea, with a developed economy. From the survey research in Ghana in 2014, we learned that rural residents are heavily dependent on traditional health care. However, local community residents preferred to talk to medical doctors about their health care when accessible. We also looked into human behavior issues and the unique hospital culture in South Korea that contributed to the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) outbreak ...


Therapeutic Clientship Of Diabetes Clubs: Engagement In Chronic Disease Management Programs In Guatemala’S Western Highlands, Arnav Shah 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Therapeutic Clientship Of Diabetes Clubs: Engagement In Chronic Disease Management Programs In Guatemala’S Western Highlands, Arnav Shah

Anthropology Senior Theses

The increasing global mortality and morbidity of chronic disease signals that a major epidemiological shift is underway in more-economically developed and less-economically developed countries. This epidemiological transition is especially salient in the Western Highlands of Guatemala as the prevalence of type 2 diabetes has risen steeply and poses great challenges for health practitioners and the public health system. This thesis is based from ten weeks of ethnographic fieldwork that I conducted in region surrounding Lake Atitlán. Collected through participant observation and semi-structured interviews, the data this thesis analyses attempts to examine the nature of and motivations for engagement in a ...


Infections Not Fought: Antibiotic Resistance In Underserved Communities, Derek Lillestolen 2018 Liberty University

Infections Not Fought: Antibiotic Resistance In Underserved Communities, Derek Lillestolen

Senior Honors Theses

In 1928, the profound effects of penicillin were discovered and antibiotic treatments became extremely popular. Broad-spectrum antibiotics, like tetracyclines, have been since branded as cure-all prescriptions and used profusely in the Western World and abroad. Due to ignorance of specific biochemical mechanisms and the misuse of antibiotics these drugs inadvertently allowed the rise in prevalence of antibiotic resistant strains of certain bacteria as the century progressed. Now, the specific genetic causes and mechanisms of antibiotic resistance are being understood, but the fight against antimicrobial resistance is far from over. In the United States, thousands of fatalities are caused annually by ...


Pornography As A Public Health Issue: Promoting Violence And Exploitation Of Children, Youth, And Adults, Elisabeth Taylor 2018 Center for Human Dignity, United Against Sexual Exploitation

Pornography As A Public Health Issue: Promoting Violence And Exploitation Of Children, Youth, And Adults, Elisabeth Taylor

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

The pornography industry is expanding exponentially as a result of ongoing technological advances. The ability to stream videos over the internet and the ubiquity of the smart phone have meant that pornography producers are able to use algorithms to target potential consumers, to cultivate new sexual tastes and to deliver content to a more diverse audience over mobile devices. The advent of virtual reality pornography with interactive sex toys and sex robots imbued with artificial intelligence promises to unleash a further step-change in the extent to which pornography influences ‘real-world’ sexual culture. The critical analysis of pornography undertaken over decades ...


Surveying The Current State Of International Outreach In Radiology Training Programs, Benjamin Johnson, Wojciech Kapalczynski, Drew Streicher, Henry Chou, Jessie Stewart, Naiim Ali, Supriya Gupta, Staci M. Gagne, Mary W. Huff 2018 Pueblo Radiology Group

Surveying The Current State Of International Outreach In Radiology Training Programs, Benjamin Johnson, Wojciech Kapalczynski, Drew Streicher, Henry Chou, Jessie Stewart, Naiim Ali, Supriya Gupta, Staci M. Gagne, Mary W. Huff

Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: Over the past decade, there has been an increased level of attention focused on improving radiology’s contributions to global health programs in resource-restricted areas of the world. This has led to the formation of new organizations and international imaging partnerships. As a result, there have been related publications and guidelines, which has increased awareness and interest amongst current and prospective radiology trainees.

Methods and Materials: With this survey of residency program directors, we set out to: 1) examine current opinions of and experience with integrating international and outreach opportunities into their training curriculum; and 2) to analyze these ...


Long-Term Care Of Elderly Citizens: A Comparative Study, Kerri McInnis 2018 Carroll College

Long-Term Care Of Elderly Citizens: A Comparative Study, Kerri Mcinnis

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Recently, countries around the world have experienced an exponential increase in the number of senior citizens. This unfathomable demographic change is only expected to intensify in the coming years. Countries in the western hemisphere have implemented very different strategies in an effort to cope with the new demands presented by the aging population and demographic shift. The norm in the United States is providing institutional care in either assisted livings or nursing homes, whereas the norm in Latin American countries is offering familial care and multigenerational coresidence. The aim of this study is to compare the benefits and shortcomings of ...


The Experience Of Managing Type Ii Diabetes Among Indigenous Maya In The Western Highlands Of Guatemala, Nubia Ortega 2018 University of Pennsylvania

The Experience Of Managing Type Ii Diabetes Among Indigenous Maya In The Western Highlands Of Guatemala, Nubia Ortega

Anthropology Senior Theses

As part of the Guatemala Health Initiative program, I spent ten weeks in the Western Highlands of Guatemala in one of the towns surrounding the lake region: Santiago Atitlan. My research question was among indigenous Maya who have been diagnosed with type II diabetes in the Western highlands of Guatemala, what is their experience with diagnosis, treatment, and management of type II diabetes?

With assistance from the Hospitalito Atitlan, the primary referral hospital in the region, I conducted semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of 41 people with diabetes. Patients were recruited from diabetes clubs at different health centers and ...


A Global Health Research Checklist For Clinicians., Rasha D Sawaya, Kristen A Breslin, Eiman Abdulrahman, Jennifer I Chapman, Dafina M Good, Lili Moran, Paul C Mullan, Oluwakemi Badaki-Makun 2018 George Washington University

A Global Health Research Checklist For Clinicians., Rasha D Sawaya, Kristen A Breslin, Eiman Abdulrahman, Jennifer I Chapman, Dafina M Good, Lili Moran, Paul C Mullan, Oluwakemi Badaki-Makun

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Global health research has become a priority in most international medical projects. However, it is a difficult endeavor, especially for a busy clinician. Navigating the ethics, methods, and local partnerships is essential yet daunting.To date, there are no guidelines published to help clinicians initiate and complete successful global health research projects. This Global Health Research Checklist was developed to be used by clinicians or other health professionals for developing, implementing, and completing a successful research project in an international and often low-resource setting. It consists of five sections: Objective, Methodology, Institutional Review Board and Ethics, Culture and partnerships, and ...


Epidemiological Findings Of Major Chemical Attacks In The Syrian War Are Consistent With Civilian Targeting: A Short Report, Jose M. Rodriguez-Llanes, Debarati Guha-Sapir, Benjamin-Samuel Schluter, Madelyn J. Hsiao-Rei Hicks 2018 University of Louvain

Epidemiological Findings Of Major Chemical Attacks In The Syrian War Are Consistent With Civilian Targeting: A Short Report, Jose M. Rodriguez-Llanes, Debarati Guha-Sapir, Benjamin-Samuel Schluter, Madelyn J. Hsiao-Rei Hicks

Open Access Articles

Evidence of use of toxic gas chemical weapons in the Syrian war has been reported by governmental and non-governmental international organizations since the war started in March 2011. To date, the profiles of victims of the largest chemical attacks in Syria remain unknown. In this study, we used descriptive epidemiological analysis to describe demographic characteristics of victims of the largest chemical weapons attacks in the Syrian war. We analysed conflict-related, direct deaths from chemical weapons recorded in non-government-controlled areas by the Violation Documentation Center, occurring from March 18, 2011 to April 10, 2017, with complete information on the victim's ...


Reply: Superglue & Educational Considerations, Raghav Bhargava, James H.A. Hassall 2018 Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre

Reply: Superglue & Educational Considerations, Raghav Bhargava, James H.A. Hassall

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Stuck On You And Other Problems With Superglue, Nathan Charlton, E.M. Singletary 2018 University of Virginia and American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council

Stuck On You And Other Problems With Superglue, Nathan Charlton, E.M. Singletary

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


Superglue In First Aid Boxes, Raghav Bhargava, James H.A. Hassall 2018 Cardiff University

Superglue In First Aid Boxes, Raghav Bhargava, James H.A. Hassall

International Journal of First Aid Education

No abstract provided.


The Brandeis Human Rights Advocacy Program: Advancing The Human Rights Of The Immigrant, Noncitizen And Refugee Community, Enid Trucios-Haynes 2018 University of Louisville

The Brandeis Human Rights Advocacy Program: Advancing The Human Rights Of The Immigrant, Noncitizen And Refugee Community, Enid Trucios-Haynes

Journal of Refugee & Global Health

The Human Rights Advocacy Program (HRAP or the Program) at the Brandeis School of Law, University of Louisville, represents a unique collaboration of law faculty and students providing critical resources to the local immigrant, noncitizen and refugee community in Louisville, Kentucky, as well as local service providers to this community. The Program, established in Spring 2014, is distinctive because of its non-hierarchical internal model and the participatory action research and policy focus of its work. The Program is a distinguished from the typical law school clinical model in its focus on community engaged research, policy advocacy, and service, as well ...


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