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Love In The Time Of Covid-19: Negligence In The Nicaraguan Response, Thais P. Salazer Mather, Benjamin Gallo Marin, Giancarlo Medina Perez, Briana Christophers, Marcelo L. Paiva, Rocío Oliva, Baraa A. Hijaz, Andrea M. Prado, Mateo C. Jarquín, Katelyn Moretti, Catalina González Marqués, Alejandro Murillo, Elizabeth Tobin-Tyler 2020 Office of Medical Education and Continuous Quality Improvement

Love In The Time Of Covid-19: Negligence In The Nicaraguan Response, Thais P. Salazer Mather, Benjamin Gallo Marin, Giancarlo Medina Perez, Briana Christophers, Marcelo L. Paiva, Rocío Oliva, Baraa A. Hijaz, Andrea M. Prado, Mateo C. Jarquín, Katelyn Moretti, Catalina González Marqués, Alejandro Murillo, Elizabeth Tobin-Tyler

History Faculty Articles and Research

"The response of the Nicaraguan government to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been perhaps the most erratic of any country in the world to date. Directly contradicting mitigation strategies recommended by WHO, President Daniel Ortega has refused to encourage any physical distancing measures. Vice President Rosario Murillo (Daniel Ortega's wife) instead called on thousands of sympathisers to congregate in street marches under the slogan 'love in the time of COVID-19'. By downplaying the danger of the pandemic and increasing the risk of community transmission in the second-poorest country in the western hemisphere, the Nicaraguan government is violating ...


Covid-19 In The Pediatric Population, Patricia A. McQuilkin 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Covid-19 In The Pediatric Population, Patricia A. Mcquilkin

PEER Liberia Project

This presentation provides an overview of a recent study and its implications pertaining to COVID-19 for pediatric patients.


Covid-19 And Severe Acute Respiratory Infection, Steven C. Hatch 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Covid-19 And Severe Acute Respiratory Infection, Steven C. Hatch

PEER Liberia Project

This presentation provides an overview of Severe Acute Respiratory Infection (SARI) and COVID-19, with following objectives: characterize current & near-future epidemiology of COVID-19 outbreak; provide general clinical features of SARI due to COVID; outline clinical management of COVID.


Trace Elements In Maternal Serum And Their Relationships With Preterm Birth And Fetal Growth Restriction, Rima Irwinda, Ali Sungkar, Raymond Surya, Valerie Tiempo Guinto 2020 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia

Trace Elements In Maternal Serum And Their Relationships With Preterm Birth And Fetal Growth Restriction, Rima Irwinda, Ali Sungkar, Raymond Surya, Valerie Tiempo Guinto

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: Preterm birth (PTB) and fetal growth restriction (FGR) contribute to high hospital costs. An imbalance in the concentration of the four trace elements (i.e., copper, zinc, iron, and calcium) was shown to be associated with complications during pregnancy. This study aimed to analyze the role of these trace elements in the occurrence of PTB and FGR.

Methods: A search was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Ovid. The articles were filtered based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and further screening was based on the association of articles with the clinical question. The risk of bias in each ...


The Association Between Patient-Reported Clinical Factors And 30-Day Acute Care Utilization In Chronic Heart Failure, Jinying Chen, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Amanda C. Blok, Christine S. Ritchie, Catherine S. Nagawa, Elizabeth Aaker Orvek, Kanan Patel, Thomas K. Houston 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Association Between Patient-Reported Clinical Factors And 30-Day Acute Care Utilization In Chronic Heart Failure, Jinying Chen, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Amanda C. Blok, Christine S. Ritchie, Catherine S. Nagawa, Elizabeth Aaker Orvek, Kanan Patel, Thomas K. Houston

Population and Quantitative Health Sciences Publications

BACKGROUND: Heart failure patients have high rates of repeat acute care use. Current efforts for risk prediction often ignore postdischarge data.

OBJECTIVE: To identify postdischarge patient-reported clinical factors associated with repeat acute care use.

RESEARCH DESIGN: In a prospective cohort study that followed patients with chronic heart failure for 30 days postdischarge, for 7 days after discharge (or fewer days if patients used acute care within 7 days postdischarge), patients reported health status, heart failure symptoms, medication management, knowledge of follow-up plans, and other issues using a daily interactive automatic phone call.

SUBJECTS: A total of 156 patients who had ...


Is Vaping Related To Other Health Risk Behaviors Among Adolescents?, Alvina Emran 2020 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Is Vaping Related To Other Health Risk Behaviors Among Adolescents?, Alvina Emran

Senior Theses

Vaping (smoking a vaporized liquid with an active ingredient) has had an upward trend in high school populations (ages 13-18) within the last decade, mainly due to misinformation and targeting from companies that sell e-cigarettes (142, 7). The most common substances that are vaped in teens are nicotine and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC, the active ingredient in marijuana) (147). Nicotine and THC bind to NAchR and CB1 receptors that affect certain parts of the dopamine reward pathway, such as the prefrontal cortex, the ventral tegmental area, and the ventral striatum in the brain (44,106). Dysfunction within these pathways have been associated ...


Influenza Vaccination Coverage In Pediatric Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Kelly Brown 2020 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Influenza Vaccination Coverage In Pediatric Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Kelly Brown

Senior Theses

Background: Children with chronic health conditions, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), are at especially high risk for influenza infection and complications. The Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation and American College of Gastroenterology recommend that IBD patients should receive annual influenza vaccination. The aims of this study were to evaluate influenza vaccination coverage over time and identify predictors of flu vaccination in pediatric IBD and non-IBD patients.

Methods: We utilized longitudinal data (2000 to 2016) from South Carolina Medicaid to conduct a matched cohort study. The primary exposure of interest was IBD diagnosis based upon ICD-9/10 diagnosis codes. Children with IBD ...


Oral Health Related Quality Of Life In Stroke Survivors At Community-Based Rehabilitation Centre: A Pilot Study, In Meei Tew, Chui Ling Goo, Shahida Mohd Said, Hafizul Izwan Zahari, Noor Amalina Ali, Fatin Athirah Masawi, Aznida Firzah Abdul Aziz, Tuti Ningseh Mohd Dom 2020 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 50300, Malaysia

Oral Health Related Quality Of Life In Stroke Survivors At Community-Based Rehabilitation Centre: A Pilot Study, In Meei Tew, Chui Ling Goo, Shahida Mohd Said, Hafizul Izwan Zahari, Noor Amalina Ali, Fatin Athirah Masawi, Aznida Firzah Abdul Aziz, Tuti Ningseh Mohd Dom

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: Despite being a common problem, long-term disability following stroke often improves after survivors receive regular rehabilitative therapy. This study aimed to assess the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of stroke survivors who had access to a community-based rehabilitation centre after hospital discharge.

Methods: Dentate post-stroke patients receiving regular rehabilitative care with slight to moderate dependency (Barthel Index >70) and without severe cognitive impairment were involved in this study. The OHRQoL parameters were measured using the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) and EuroQol five dimensions (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaires.

Results: Thirty one patients were recruited in this study. Majority of the ...


Cervical Cancer Vaccination Awareness And Acceptance Among The Females Of Punjab, Pakistan, Sadia Minhas, Aneequa Sajjad, Muhammad Kashif, Zobaria Rehman, Muhammad Idrees, Farheen Ansari 2020 Department of Oral Pathology, Akhtar Saeed Dental College, University of Lahore, Lahore 54590, Pakistan

Cervical Cancer Vaccination Awareness And Acceptance Among The Females Of Punjab, Pakistan, Sadia Minhas, Aneequa Sajjad, Muhammad Kashif, Zobaria Rehman, Muhammad Idrees, Farheen Ansari

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: In developing countries like Pakistan, it is essential for health care professionals to have comprehensive knowledge regarding cervical cancer.

Methods: A cross-sectional self-administered paper-based questionnaire was administered to patients from 2016 to 2018. This study included 200 females who attended the gynecological OPD of Lady Willingdon Hospital Lahore, Punjab. We evaluated cervical cancer knowledge, screening, prevention, and acceptance towards the vaccination. Data entry and analysis were performed using SPSS version 20.

Results: The perception and knowledge related to cervical cancer (28%), screening (3%), prevention (3%), and vaccination (1%) among the females were poor, but a positive attitude was observed ...


Meaning Of Life Among Elderly Individuals With Chronic Diseases Living With Family: A Qualitative Study, Bahtiar Bahtiar, Junaiti Sahar, Wiwin Wiarsih 2020 Department of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar 90245, Indonesia

Meaning Of Life Among Elderly Individuals With Chronic Diseases Living With Family: A Qualitative Study, Bahtiar Bahtiar, Junaiti Sahar, Wiwin Wiarsih

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: Many elderly individuals receive lifelong treatment caused by chronic diseases with symptoms that affecting them physically, psychologically, socially, and spiritually. Spirituality plays an essential role in health conditions and social relationships given that it provides meaning to the elderly individuals life by allowing them to see the wisdom of life events experienced. This research aimed to explore the meaning of life among elderly individuals with chronic diseases.

Methods: This research applied descriptive phenomenology using Colaizzi’s method of thematic analysis among 13 elderly patients with chronic diseases.

Results: Elderly individuals with chronic diseases found meaning through the following items ...


Obesity Is Associated With Depression In Malaysian Schoolchildren: A Cross-Sectional Study, Mohd Said Nurumal, Rohulizzat Zainal Abidin, Wisam Nabeel Ibrahim, Muhammad Lokman Md Isa, Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan 2020 Kulliyyah of Nursing International Islamic University Malaysia

Obesity Is Associated With Depression In Malaysian Schoolchildren: A Cross-Sectional Study, Mohd Said Nurumal, Rohulizzat Zainal Abidin, Wisam Nabeel Ibrahim, Muhammad Lokman Md Isa, Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: Overweight and obesity, which may lead to depression, have become prevalent among children worldwide. Hence, this study aimed to measure obesity and depression among schoolchildren in Kuantan.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in three different primary schools in Kuantan by purposive sampling. With consent from their parents/guardians, participants were given a self-administered questionnaire. Demographics and anthropometric measurement data were self-reported on the basis of the school records. Furthermore, body mass index was calculated. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0, and chi-square and correlation tests were conducted for the variables.

Results: Among the 300 schoolchildren who ...


"Urban" Dengue? An Examination Of Perceived Dengue Risk And Notions Of The Urban In Esmeraldas Province, Ecuador, Charlotte Robbins 2020 Trinity College

"Urban" Dengue? An Examination Of Perceived Dengue Risk And Notions Of The Urban In Esmeraldas Province, Ecuador, Charlotte Robbins

Senior Theses and Projects

Is dengue fever an urban disease as public health literature suggests? And what does this literature mean by urban? To answer these questions, I compare perceptions of the urban and dengue risk from residents who I interviewed across different sites in Esmeraldas Province, Ecuador. I ground my analysis in four urban frameworks: the bounded city theory, postcolonial theory, assemblage urbanism, and urban political ecology. I find that residents in Esmeraldas Province think about urban spaces very differently from how the Ecuadorian government defines what is urban. In particular, residents discuss government investment in infrastructure and services as an important dimension ...


Liposomal Bupivacaine Results In Cost Savings While Managing Post-Operative Pain In Fragility Intertrochanteric Hip Fractures, Nainisha Chintalapudi, Avinesh Agarwalla MD, Joana Lu PA, Hrayr G. Basmajian MD, Joseph N. Liu MD, Nirav H. Amin MD 2020 Westchester Medical Center

Liposomal Bupivacaine Results In Cost Savings While Managing Post-Operative Pain In Fragility Intertrochanteric Hip Fractures, Nainisha Chintalapudi, Avinesh Agarwalla Md, Joana Lu Pa, Hrayr G. Basmajian Md, Joseph N. Liu Md, Nirav H. Amin Md

Annual SHSP Student Research and Scholarship Day

No abstract provided.


Prevalence And Trends Of Asthma In United States (Us) Adults, 2005-2016: A National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (Nhanes) Study, Oluwakemi A. Akinniyi MPH, Sedoafia Amelor MPH, Keya Dushyant Desai MPH, Jocelyn K. Elias MPH, Ankita Patel MPH, Sandeep Krishna Reddy MPH, Maureen Kennedy DrPH 2020 New York Medical College School of Health Sciences and Practice

Prevalence And Trends Of Asthma In United States (Us) Adults, 2005-2016: A National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (Nhanes) Study, Oluwakemi A. Akinniyi Mph, Sedoafia Amelor Mph, Keya Dushyant Desai Mph, Jocelyn K. Elias Mph, Ankita Patel Mph, Sandeep Krishna Reddy Mph, Maureen Kennedy Drph

Annual SHSP Student Research and Scholarship Day

No abstract provided.


Defining The Burden Of Covid-19 In The Kentuckiana Area: Incidence, Epidemiology & Clinical Outcomes Of Patients With Covid-19, Julio A. Ramirez 2020 University of Louisville

Defining The Burden Of Covid-19 In The Kentuckiana Area: Incidence, Epidemiology & Clinical Outcomes Of Patients With Covid-19, Julio A. Ramirez

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Rationale: Early evaluation of the burden of disease that COVID-19 may produce in a community is critical to appropriately allocate resources for COVID-19 prevention and treatment.

Objective: The primary objective of this study is to define the incidence, epidemiology, and clinical outcomes of patients with COVID-19 in the Louisville, Kentucky and southern Indiana region (Kentuckiana) of the USA.

Methods: This will be a retrospective observational study of patients in the Kentuckiana region with the diagnosis of COVID-19.


Investigating The Impact Of Asymptomatic Carriers On Covid-19 Transmission, Jacob B. Aguilar, Jeremy Samuel Faust, Lauren M. Westafer, Juan B. Gutierrez 2020 Saint Leo University

Investigating The Impact Of Asymptomatic Carriers On Covid-19 Transmission, Jacob B. Aguilar, Jeremy Samuel Faust, Lauren M. Westafer, Juan B. Gutierrez

COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a novel human respiratory disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Asymptomatic carriers of the virus display no clinical symptoms but are known to be contagious. Recent evidence reveals that this sub-population, as well as persons with mild, represent a major contributor in the propagation of COVID-19. The asymptomatic sub-population frequently escapes detection by public health surveillance systems. Because of this, the currently accepted estimates of the basic reproduction number (Ro) of the virus are inaccurate. It is unlikely that a pathogen can blanket the planet in three months with an Ro in the vicinity of ...


On The Inadequacy Of Species Distribution Models For Modelling The Spread Of Sars-Cov-2: Response To Araújo And Naimi, Joseph D. Chipperfield, Blas M. Benito, Robert B. O'Hara, Richard J. Telford, Colin J. Carlson 2020 Norwegian Institute for Nature Research

On The Inadequacy Of Species Distribution Models For Modelling The Spread Of Sars-Cov-2: Response To Araújo And Naimi, Joseph D. Chipperfield, Blas M. Benito, Robert B. O'Hara, Richard J. Telford, Colin J. Carlson

Public Health Resources

The ongoing pandemic of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is causing significant damage to public health and economic livelihoods, and is putting significant strains on healthcare services globally. This unfolding emergency has prompted the preparation and dissemination of the article “Spread of SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus likely to be constrained by climate” by Araújo and Naimi (2020). The authors present the results of an ensemble forecast made from a suite of species distribution models (SDMs), where they attempt to predict the suitability of the climate for the spread of SARS-CoV-2 over the coming months. They argue that climate is ...


Learning Latent Space Representations To Predict Patient Outcomes: Model Development And Validation, Subendhu Rongali, Adam J. Rose, David D. McManus, Adarsha Bajracharya, Alok Kapoor, Edgard A. Granillo, Hong Yu 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Learning Latent Space Representations To Predict Patient Outcomes: Model Development And Validation, Subendhu Rongali, Adam J. Rose, David D. Mcmanus, Adarsha Bajracharya, Alok Kapoor, Edgard A. Granillo, Hong Yu

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Scalable and accurate health outcome prediction using electronic health record (EHR) data has gained much attention in research recently. Previous machine learning models mostly ignore relations between different types of clinical data (ie, laboratory components, International Classification of Diseases codes, and medications).

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to model such relations and build predictive models using the EHR data from intensive care units. We developed innovative neural network models and compared them with the widely used logistic regression model and other state-of-the-art neural network models to predict the patient's mortality using their longitudinal EHR data.

METHODS: We built a ...


First Aid First: Implementation And Evaluation Of A Community-Based First Aid Training Course, Luke Wesemann 2020 Wayne State University

First Aid First: Implementation And Evaluation Of A Community-Based First Aid Training Course, Luke Wesemann

Medical Student Research Symposium

In 2018, medical students at Wayne State University School of Medicine (WSUSOM) created a first aid training initiative called First Aid First (FAF). FAF is a comprehensive community-based training program that teaches lifesaving skills tailored for Detroit. The objective of this initiative was to improve the confidence and basic first aid skills of those who attend trainings.

Pre- and post-test surveys were used to measure knowledge, confidence and skill level. The survey data gathered from March 2018-October 2019 consisted of 5 Likert scale questions for self-evaluation component and 23-25 multiple choice questions, number depending on time of administration due to ...


The Use Of Urine Drug Testing For Risk Stratification And Efficacious Drug Monitoring In Pain Management Settings, Ahmad I. Hasan, Kareem Elhage, Brendan Farley, Khaled J. Saleh 2020 Wayne State University

The Use Of Urine Drug Testing For Risk Stratification And Efficacious Drug Monitoring In Pain Management Settings, Ahmad I. Hasan, Kareem Elhage, Brendan Farley, Khaled J. Saleh

Medical Student Research Symposium

Objective: To understand the current landscape of urine drug testing (UDT) guidelines as part of risk assessment for opioid abuse, and to offer recommendations towards adopting universal screening guidelines.

Background: There has been an opioid epidemic within the United States, and the role of prescription opioids has been well established. Despite proposed recommendations, there has yet to be a published universal screening guideline on the use of UDT in the setting of opioid abuse risk stratification as well as postoperative drug monitoring.

Methods: We explored current guidelines for UDT on two levels. First, we explore general indications for UDT within ...


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