A Collaborative Educational Innovation In An Old Order Mennonite Community, 2019 Western Kentucky University, School of Nursing
A Collaborative Educational Innovation In An Old Order Mennonite Community, M. Susan Jones Phd, Maria E. Main Dnp, Dawn M. Garrett Phd
Forming collaborative, interprofessional partnerships to facilitate the education of future healthcare providers to serve diverse cultures is an overarching goal of Area Health Education Centers (AHECs) and supported by the Institute of Medicine (IOM, 2005). This article describes the process of creating and sustaining a collaborative interprofessional health promotion and educational project with an old order Mennonite (OOM) community in south central Kentucky. This ongoing project began over a decade ago and involves the collaborative efforts of the South Central Kentucky AHEC, the School of Nursing at Western Kentucky University (WKU), a family practice residency program affiliated with the University ...
A Colorectal Cancer Screening Project In An Old Order Mennonite Community: Capstone Project Technical Report, 2019 Western Kentucky University
A Colorectal Cancer Screening Project In An Old Order Mennonite Community: Capstone Project Technical Report, Maria Eve Main
The purpose of this project was to determine if colorectal cancer (CRC) screening education and community access to fecal occult blood tests (FOBT) is associated with an increase in the uptake of FOBT in an old order Mennonite community. Utilizing a modified cultural model, an educational offering on CRC screening and access to FOBT in the community was delivered to a self-selected sample of age-eligible participants. Thirty-three age eligible residents completed the CRC screening questionnaires and received education on CRC screening. Twenty-nine of the age-eligible participants were found to be at average risk and twenty-three elected to receive FOBT testing ...
Child Weight And Feeding Patterns In An Old Order Mennonite Community, 2019 Western Kentucky University
Child Weight And Feeding Patterns In An Old Order Mennonite Community, Dawn M. Garrett Wright, Maria E. Main, M. Susan Jones
Feeding practices in some religious communities may decrease childhood obesity. However, there is limited research in these communities to assess maternal perceptions of their children’s weight and feeding patterns. The purpose of this study was to ascertain Old Order Mennonite mothers’ perceptions of their children’s body weight and to examine feeding patterns for their children. Sample: Participants for this descriptive, correlational study were recruited from an Old Order Mennonite community in south central Kentucky. Sampling was achieved using a snowball sampling strategy and the use of a community insider. Methods: Body Mass Index was measured for mothers and ...
The Effects Of A Mobile Fitness Application On Weight Management And Physical Acticity Amongst University Students, Erica Deenihan
Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports
The prevalence of obesity, and obesity related diseases throughout America, specifically in regard to the college student population has steadily climbed over the course of the last forty years, due largely in part to the increase in sedentary lifestyle behaviors, amongst other factors (Swanson, 2016). Physical activity has been widely recognized as a valid means of combatting obesity and weight gain while promoting health related quality of life (Swanson, 2016). Therefore, implementing strategies aimed at increasing physical fitness in attempt to control weight management is imperative to promoting improved health outcomes. The purpose of this evidence-based project was to examine ...
Childhood Obesity: Getting Back To The Basics, 2019 The University of San Francisco
Childhood Obesity: Getting Back To The Basics, Fanny Powell
DNP Qualifying Manuscripts
Childhood obesity is an epidemic that affects the nation. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2015) states that over the past thirty years, the prevalence of childhood obesity has more than doubled in younger children and quadrupled in adolescents (CDC, 2015). Although obesity is a multifactorial health issue that is affected by genetics, metabolic factors, socioeconomic factors, and lifestyle choices (Stanford, 2018), a majority of pediatric obesity is as a result of consuming more energy than the body utilizes. There are both immediate and long-term consequences of obesity that negatively affect a child’s health which may carry ...
Analysis Of Tobacco Use Vital Sign Assessment, 2019 Abilene Christian University
Analysis Of Tobacco Use Vital Sign Assessment, Latonya King
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
There is a massive problem of tobacco-related cancer outcomes in patients that are affected by race and ethnicity. Although this is a known disparity, there continues to be a gap in care for asking patients if they use tobacco and in advising and assisting them in making a quit attempt. Health information technology requirements and meaningful use regulations require the utilization of systematic electronic documentation. In order to improve and support tobacco use screening, systematic tobacco use assessment and documentation are essential. There is a widespread belief that adding screening for tobacco use to the vital sign assessment will lead ...
Public Health Policy: An Ethical Analysis Of Quarantine, 2019 Duquesne University
Public Health Policy: An Ethical Analysis Of Quarantine, Dina Alqahtani
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
As a public health measure quarantine has both historical and contemporary significance both in the United States and abroad. On the surface it represents a low-cost, low-tech way in which the spread of disease can be mitigated as its core requirement is that those who may have been exposed to an infectious agent are kept away from those who have not been exposed to that agent for enough time to determine whether or not infection has been spread. This has been utilized for centuries with both limited questions and scattered, inconsistent, or impossible to achieve oversight and goals. In understanding ...
Developing A Community-Based Screening And Referral Mechanism For Atrial Fibrillation In Low Resource Settings: “Smartphone Monitoring For Atrial Fibrillation In Real-Time – India (Smart-India)”, 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Developing A Community-Based Screening And Referral Mechanism For Atrial Fibrillation In Low Resource Settings: “Smartphone Monitoring For Atrial Fibrillation In Real-Time – India (Smart-India)”, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Harshil Patel, Kandarp Talati, Anna Handorf, John A. Bostrom, Shyamsundar Raihatha, Ravi Shah, Sunil Karna, Robert J. Goldberg, Jeroan J. Allison, Ki Chon, Somashekhar M. Nimbalkar, David D. Mcmanus
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF), the world’s most common arrhythmia, often goes undetected and untreated in low-resource communities, including India. Moreover, AF is an important risk factor for stroke, which plagues an estimated 1.6 million Indians annually. As such, early detection of AF and management of high-risk patients is critically important to decrease stroke burden in individuals with AF.
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study are to evaluate the age- and sex-stratified epidemiology of AF in Anand District, Gujarat India; characterize the profile of individuals who are diagnosed with AF; and determine the performance of two mobile technologies for ...
High Burden Of Unrecognized Atrial Fibrillation In Rural India: An Innovative Community-Based Cross-Sectional Screening Program, 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School
High Burden Of Unrecognized Atrial Fibrillation In Rural India: An Innovative Community-Based Cross-Sectional Screening Program, Apurv Soni, Allison Earon, Anna Handorf, Nisha Fahey, Kandarp Talati, John Bostrom, Ki Chon, Craig Napolitano, Michael S. Chin, John Stephen Sullivan, Shyamsundar Raithatha, Robert J. Goldberg, Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Jeroan J. Allison, Sunil Thanvi, David D. Mcmanus
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation, the world's most common arrhythmia, is a leading risk factor for stroke, a disease striking nearly 1.6 million Indians annually. Early detection and management of atrial fibrillation is a promising opportunity to prevent stroke but widespread screening programs in limited resource settings using conventional methods is difficult and costly.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to screen people for atrial fibrillation in rural western India using a US Food and Drug Administration-approved single-lead electrocardiography device, Alivecor.
METHODS: Residents from 6 villages in Anand District, Gujarat, India, comprised the base population. After obtaining informed consent ...
Education Mitigates The Relationship Of Stress And Mental Disorders Among Rural Indian Women, 2019 Des Moines University
Education Mitigates The Relationship Of Stress And Mental Disorders Among Rural Indian Women, Nisha Fahey, Apurv Soni, Jeroan J. Allison, Jagdish Vankar, Anusha Prabhakaran, Tiffany A. Moore Simas, Nancy Byatt, Ajay Phatak, Eileen O'Keefe, Somashekhar Nimbalkar
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders (CMD) are a constellation of mental health conditions that include depression, anxiety, and other related nonpsychotic affective disorders. Qualitative explanatory models of mental health among reproductive-aged women in India reveal that distress is strongly associated with CMD. The relationship of perceived stress and CMD might be attenuated or exacerbated based on an individual's sociodemographic characteristics.
OBJECTIVES: To screen for Common Mental Disorders (CMD) among reproductive-aged women from rural western India and explore how the relationship between perceived stress and CMD screening status varies by sociodemographic characteristics.
METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 700 women from rural Gujarat ...
Evaluating The Impact Of Simulated Patients On Knowledge, Skills And Attitudes Of Laypeople Following A Basic First Aid Course: Protocol For A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial, 2019 Centre for Evidence-Based Practice (CEBaP), Belgian Red Cross
Evaluating The Impact Of Simulated Patients On Knowledge, Skills And Attitudes Of Laypeople Following A Basic First Aid Course: Protocol For A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial, Bert Avau, Anne-Catherine Vanhove, Marianne Vandenlindenloof, Liselotte Suls, Hans Verstraeten, Philippe Vandekerckhove, Emmy De Buck
International Journal of First Aid Education
Background: Teaching first aid to laypeople is a cost-effective way to improve public health. However, it is currently unclear what the most effective ways are to teaching first aid. It has already been shown that simulated patients have an added value in teaching emergency care to healthcare professionals. This paper describes the protocol for a cluster-randomized controlled trial that will investigate the influence of using a simulated patient during basic first aid training for laypeople on their knowledge, skills and self-efficacy.
Hypothesis: The null hypothesis of this research is that the use of simulated patients during basic first aid training ...
Increasing Food Security: Developing And Testing A Nutrition Education Curriculum For A Mobile Food Pantry, 2019 James Madison University
Increasing Food Security: Developing And Testing A Nutrition Education Curriculum For A Mobile Food Pantry, Alexandra Lepecha, Kathleen M. Kraft
Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current
Background: The Neighborhood Produce Market (NPM) is a food distribution model similar to a mobile food pantry. NPM stakeholders observed a lack of community engagement and familiarity with produce offered.
Project Description: The objective was to develop a nutrition education curriculum for NPM volunteers to better engage families and community members by providing food samples, recipes, and nutrition education. A stakeholder steering committee guided the needs assessment, curriculum development, volunteer training, and pilot test. The curriculum consisted of food safety, cultural considerations, and nutritional information for nine produce items and food tasting procedures and recipes. Seven student volunteers were trained ...
Utilization Of Acupuncture Services In The Emergency Department Setting: A Quality Improvement Study, 2019 Aurora Health Care
Utilization Of Acupuncture Services In The Emergency Department Setting: A Quality Improvement Study, John R. Burns, Jessica J. F. Kram, Vashir Xiong, Jeanne M. Stark Casadont, Tiffany A. Mullen, Nancy Conway, Dennis J. Baumgardner
Jessica Kram, MPH
Purpose: Patients often present to the emergency department (ED) for pain. As opioid fatalities rise, alternative treatments are warranted for pain management. Acupuncture, a nonpharmacological treatment involving the insertion of needles into skin or tissue at specific points within the body, may help to decrease acute pain. Our study aimed to assess the utilization and impact of acupuncture in the ED for acute pain management.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of purposefully collected quality improvement data. Patients who were ≥18 years old and who presented to the ED at an urban medical center in Wisconsin during 2017 were offered ...
Community-Based Healthcare | Interlace Of Biophilic Design In Outpatient Facilities, 2019 Kennesaw State University
Community-Based Healthcare | Interlace Of Biophilic Design In Outpatient Facilities, Joshua Robinson
Bachelor of Architecture Theses - 5th Year
This thesis questions how architects can redesign typical healthcare typology in response to the medical and sociological needs of the community while integrating the measures of wellness and biophilic design. By redefining architectural programs within a wellness clinic, this can allow the facility to prioritize the communities needs through non-medical determinants. The research will look at both the social and medical needs of a community, along with the Seven Standards of Wellness as defined by the Well Building Standard and The Fourteen Patterns of Biophilic Design as defined by the Terrapin Bright Green, to develop a connection between the facility ...
Insights From A Pilot Study Of Naloxone Education, 2019 British Red Cross
Insights From A Pilot Study Of Naloxone Education, Tracey A. Taylor, Lucy Ellis, Penny Newell, Emily Oliver
International Journal of First Aid Education
Background and Aims: We wanted to test whether introducing an additional Naloxone component into overdose education would affect the willingness and confidence of a potential overdose witness to intervene effectively. A further aim was to test the potential of education to reduce barriers to administering Naloxone and barriers to calling 999 (UK Emergency services).
Methods: We used quantitative methods to gather and analyze data from both control (overdose education, n=15) and experimental (overdose and Naloxone education, n=57) participants, facilitated by educators in the North West of England and London, for opioid users (n=5), former users (n=19 ...
Short-Interval Self-Learning To Improve Retention Of Resuscitation Skills: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Ryuhei Sato, Chika Nishiyama, Kosuke Kiyohara, Makiko Sano, Tasuku Matsuyama, Tomonari Shimamoto, Toshihiro Hatakeyama, Taku Iwami
International Journal of First Aid Education
The optimal interval and methods for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) retraining remain unclear. We evaluated the difference in CPR skills one year after a 45-minute chest compression-only CPR training among participants receiving short self-learning refresher training at 3-month intervals, those receiving this training at 6-month intervals, and those without the refresher training.
Participants were randomly assigned to the 3-month group, 6-month group, or control group. Resuscitation skills were assessed immediately after the initial training, and at 1 year after the training. The primary endpoint was the number of chest compressions performed with appropriate depth one year after the training. Among 129 ...
The Modifiability Of Risk Factors Associated With Adolescent Suicide And Its Preventions, 2019 Wayne State University
The Modifiability Of Risk Factors Associated With Adolescent Suicide And Its Preventions, Nastaeen Tajin
Honors College Theses
Adolescent suicide has been of major concern in the past few decades, with the rates steadily increasing every year. Suicide can be defined as the act of intentionally taking one’s life. Adolescent refers to children between the age of 13 and 19, although the term will be used interchangeably with ‘teen’ throughout this paper. The purpose of this study had been to identify the risk factors of suicide associated with children of this age range, and propose preventative measures based on the modifiability of these risk factors. In order to achieve this, the two search catalogs utilized were the ...
The Relationship Of Creatinine, Sodium, Hematocrit And Hemoglobin A1c To 30-Day Hospital Readmission Among Older Adults With Type 2 Diabetes, Shmilah Choudhary, Meet Shah, Sanath Shetty, Terri Ginsberg, Matthew H. Mclaughlin
Stratford Campus Research Day
Introduction:Reducing thirty-day hospital readmissions is a top healthcare priority. However, there is little research describing the risk factors of readmission among patients with diabetes, especially for older adults. Understanding what the risk factors are for 30-day hospital readmission for older adults with type 2 diabetes would help identify patients at risk of rehospitalization.
Objective:The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with 30-day unplanned hospital readmissions among older adults with T2DM. Factors to be investigated are: patient demographics and three admission laboratory values.
Methods:Participants were older adult s>65 years old with T2DM, admitted to ...
Validity And Reliability Of The Exercise Vital Sign Questionnaire In An Ethnically Diverse Group: A Pilot Study, Noberto N. Quiles, Aston K. Mccullough, Lin Piao
Publications and Research
The purpose of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Exercise Vital Sign (EVS) questionnaire in an ethnically diverse sample. Participants (N = 39) were asked to wear an accelerometer at the hip for at least 7 days and to complete the EVS at the beginning (T1) and end (T2) of the wear period. The EVS questionnaire validity was determined against accelerometry, and bias was calculated as the mean difference between measures. The sensitivity and specificity of the EVS questionnaire were also evaluated. The reliability of the questionnaire was calculated using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) between EVS ...
Retrospective Analysis On The Susceptibility Of Opiate Addiction Based On Prescribed Medications And Chronic Pain Diagnoses, Momna Ayub, Richard Jermyn D.O.
Stratford Campus Research Day
Introduction: Opioid medications have been increasingly prescribed in recent years, particularly to treat individuals with chronic pain. In the U.S., opioid abuse has been declared an epidemic by the Department of Health and Human Services as the number of opioid-related overdoses in 2010 exceeded 16000 and alarmingly continued to rise 15% from 2015 to 2016. Due to opioid dependence and abuse, opioids are a gateway to subsequent drug addiction.
Objective: The goal of this project was to identify a link between certain prescribed opiates and a susceptibility for abuse or misuse in patients with chronic pain through a retrospective ...