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Latino Family Variables And Sexual Activity In Latino Adolescents, Brittany Nicole Barber 2010 Marquette University

Latino Family Variables And Sexual Activity In Latino Adolescents, Brittany Nicole Barber

Counselor Education and Counseling Psychology Research Exchange Conference

Researchers’ focused examination of Latino adolescents’ cultural values and sexual activity has yielded questions regarding the cultural- and gender-specific attitudes and practices of these youth (Deardorff, Tschann, & Flores, 2008). Cultural values include family-related variables such as different aspects of familism, parent-adolescent communication, and parental monitoring, which have been found to decrease adolescents’ engagement in other negative activities such as aggressive behavior, (Dishion & McMahon, 1998), substance use (Estrada, Rabow, & Watts, 1982), and delinquency (Clark & Shields, 1997). Research investigating these risk behaviors has often implicated Latino adolescents’ level of assimilation to White, mainstream society as a potential risk factor for higher engagement in negative behaviors. This dissertation study, therefore, will examine the relationship between five Latino family variables (i.e., attitudinal familism, behavioral familism, structural familism, parent-adolescent communication, and parental monitoring), assimilation to White society, and the sexual activity of Latino adolescents. A mixed-methods project has been designed to explore and test the relationships between these variables. Focus groups will be conducted with adolescents on the topics of family, gender, and sexual activity; data will be analyzed using Grounded Theory methodology (Strauss & Corbin, 1990). Latino youth will also complete surveys about these topics; the relationships among these variables will be explored statistically. For the purposes of the Research Exchange, a description of the current stage of the project at that time, a discussion of the anticipated results of the study, and an explanation of the contributions of this study to the Milwaukee and psychological communities will be included.


The Healthy Food Slide Rule (Hfsr): A Nutrition Education Tool For Children, Elaine M. Long, Uwe Reischl, Barbara B. Abo 2010 Boise State University

The Healthy Food Slide Rule (Hfsr): A Nutrition Education Tool For Children, Elaine M. Long, Uwe Reischl, Barbara B. Abo

Elaine M. Long

The Healthy Food Slide Rule (HFSR) is a new educational tool designed specifically for use by school children in grades 4-6. The HFSR teaches the importance of including the 5 food groups and the importance of complying with appropriate portion sizes as presented in MyPyramid.1, 2 The portion size information included in the HFSR combines the healthy eating and physical activity messages offered by MyPyramid for Kids.3, 4 The new tool can be easily incorporated into existing math lessons (weights, measures, and fractions), into language arts lessons, or into science lessons.5


The Ryan White Hiv/Aids Program, Jessamyn Taylor 2010 George Washington University

The Ryan White Hiv/Aids Program, Jessamyn Taylor

National Health Policy Forum

This publication describes the basics of the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, the largest federal program solely focused on treating people living with HIV/AIDS in the United States. The program funds cities, states, and community-based organizations to provide primary care, prescription drugs, and support services to low-income, uninsured, and underinsured people living with HIV/AIDS.


Unmasking The Moving Threat: Reckless Driving, Borderline Personality Disorder, And The Impact On Motor Vehicle Accidents, Charlene Lam 2010 Wright State University - Main Campus

Unmasking The Moving Threat: Reckless Driving, Borderline Personality Disorder, And The Impact On Motor Vehicle Accidents, Charlene Lam

Master of Public Health Program Student Publications

Background: Motor vehicle accidents (MVAs), a leading cause of mortality in the United States have an enormous impact on public health. Researchers contend that approximately 90% of all MVAs are, to some extent, a result of driver characteristics and behavior (Lewin, 1982). One of the least researched driver characteristics is psychiatric comorbidity, especially borderline personality disorder (BPD), a disorder that is characterized by impulsivity and emotional volatility.

Objective: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between BPD and driving citations.

Method: Using two measures for BPD, we surveyed a consecutive sample of patients who were being seen ...


Changing Po2licy: The Elements For Improving Childhood Asthma Outcomes, Anne Rossier Markus, Meagan Lyon, Sara J. Rosenbaum 2010 George Washington University

Changing Po2licy: The Elements For Improving Childhood Asthma Outcomes, Anne Rossier Markus, Meagan Lyon, Sara J. Rosenbaum

Geiger Gibson/RCHN Community Health Foundation Research Collaborative

Childhood asthma is a serious and chronic health issue that affects one in seven U.S. children and their families, compromising their health and quality of life and placing a heavy financial burden on families as well as an enormous strain on the health care system. Treating, managing, and ultimately preventing and reducing the burden of asthma represents a critical test of the ability of the U.S. health system – health insurers, clinical care providers, and public health agencies – to work together. Our investigation found that, as a country, we already know enough to act and improve life for the ...


Health-Care Associated Infection Rates Among Adult Patients In Bahrain Military Hospital: A Cross Sectional Survey, David L. Whitford, Keleichi Austin Ofurum 2010 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland-Medical University of Bahrain

Health-Care Associated Infection Rates Among Adult Patients In Bahrain Military Hospital: A Cross Sectional Survey, David L. Whitford, Keleichi Austin Ofurum

Family and Community Medicine MUB Articles

Background/Objective: Health-care associated infections cause substantial morbidity and mortality with their prevalence varying between countries and hospitals. There are no published studies of health-care associated infections in hospitals in Bahrain and few in general military hospitals.
Setting: Bahrain Defense Force Hospital.
Design: Survey.
The aim study is to establish the prevalence of health-care associated infections in a general military hospital in Bahrain.
Method: A cross-sectional survey of a random sample of 500 medical records in the Bahrain Defence Force Hospital was carried out to ascertain the prevalence of health-care associated infections.
Result: Four health-care associated infections were recorded – a ...


The Reflect Statement: Reporting Guidelines For Randomized Controlled Trials In Livestock And Food Safety: Explanation And Elaboration, Jan M. Sargeant, Annette M. O'Connor, I. A. Gardner, James S. Dickson, Mary E. Torrence, Ian R. Dohoo, Sandra L. Lefebvre, Paul S. Morley, Alejandro Ramirez, Kate Snedeker 2010 University of Guelph

The Reflect Statement: Reporting Guidelines For Randomized Controlled Trials In Livestock And Food Safety: Explanation And Elaboration, Jan M. Sargeant, Annette M. O'Connor, I. A. Gardner, James S. Dickson, Mary E. Torrence, Ian R. Dohoo, Sandra L. Lefebvre, Paul S. Morley, Alejandro Ramirez, Kate Snedeker

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications

Concerns about the completeness and accuracy of reporting of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and the impact of poor reporting on decision making have been documented in the medical field over the past several decades. Experience from RCTs in human medicine would suggest that failure to report critical trial features can be associated with biased estimated effect measures, and there is evidence to suggest that similar biases occur in RCTs conducted in livestock populations. In response to these concerns, standardized guidelines for reporting RCTs were developed and implemented in human medicine. The Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement was first ...


The Reflect Statement: Methods And Processes Of Creating Reporting Guidelines For Randomized Controlled Trials For Livestock And Food Safety By Modifying The Consort Statement, Annette M. O'Connor, Jan M. Sargeant, I. A. Gardner, James S. Dickson, Mary E. Torrence, C. E. Dewey, Ian R. Dohoo, R. B. Evans, J. T. Gray, Mattias Greiner, Greg Keefe, Sandra L. Lefebvre, Paul S. Morley, Alejandro Ramirez, William Sischo, D. R. Smith, Kate Snedeker, John N. Sofos, M. P. Ward, Robert W. Wills 2010 Iowa State University

The Reflect Statement: Methods And Processes Of Creating Reporting Guidelines For Randomized Controlled Trials For Livestock And Food Safety By Modifying The Consort Statement, Annette M. O'Connor, Jan M. Sargeant, I. A. Gardner, James S. Dickson, Mary E. Torrence, C. E. Dewey, Ian R. Dohoo, R. B. Evans, J. T. Gray, Mattias Greiner, Greg Keefe, Sandra L. Lefebvre, Paul S. Morley, Alejandro Ramirez, William Sischo, D. R. Smith, Kate Snedeker, John N. Sofos, M. P. Ward, Robert W. Wills

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications

The conduct of randomized controlled trials in livestock with production, health and food-safety outcomes presents unique challenges that may not be adequately reported in trial reports. The objective of this project was to modify the CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) statement to reflect the unique aspects of reporting these livestock trials. A 2-day consensus meeting was held on 18–19 November 2008 in Chicago, IL, USA, to achieve the objective. Prior to the meeting, a Web-based survey was conducted to identify issues for discussion. The 24 attendees were biostatisticians, epidemiologists, food-safety researchers, livestock-production specialists, journal editors, assistant editors and ...


Gender Differences Of Case-Fatality Rate In A Brazilian Stroke Registry, Paulo A. Lotufo 2010 Universidade de São Paulo

Gender Differences Of Case-Fatality Rate In A Brazilian Stroke Registry, Paulo A. Lotufo

Paulo A Lotufo

No abstract provided.


Characteristics Of Small Areas With A Higher Stroke Mortality, Paulo A. Lotufo 2010 Universidade de São Paulo

Characteristics Of Small Areas With A Higher Stroke Mortality, Paulo A. Lotufo

Paulo A Lotufo

No abstract provided.


Higher Frequency Of Stroke Deaths On Monday And Saturday, Paulo A. Lotufo 2010 Universidade de São Paulo

Higher Frequency Of Stroke Deaths On Monday And Saturday, Paulo A. Lotufo

Paulo A Lotufo

No abstract provided.


Bisphenol A And Phthalates: Public Knowledge And Risk Perception, Marissa Bucci, Katie Casas, Emily Colgate, Holly Gunyan, Lincoln Heath, Matthew Hoffman, Ryan Smith, Bill Bress, Razelle Hoffman-Contois, Jan Carney, Charles Hulse 2010 University of Vermont College of Medicine

Bisphenol A And Phthalates: Public Knowledge And Risk Perception, Marissa Bucci, Katie Casas, Emily Colgate, Holly Gunyan, Lincoln Heath, Matthew Hoffman, Ryan Smith, Bill Bress, Razelle Hoffman-Contois, Jan Carney, Charles Hulse

Public Health Projects, 2008-present

Introduction: Bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalates are chemicals used in the production of many plastics, including food containers, water bottles, and medical intravenous tubing. These chemicals can leach from the plastic, especially when heated, and are found in varying concentrations in the human body. There is concern about the widespread exposure to BPA and phthalates since studies indicate they may cause adverse health effects, particularly related to endocrine development and regulation in young children.


Double Red Blood Cell Donation Eligibility And Interest, Laura Anderson, Kovi Bessoff, Brandon Chapman, Angela Dunn, Michael Larochelle, Tessa Scripps, Jessica Wood, Christine Frenette, Carol Dembeck, Jan Carney, Mark K. Fung 2010 University of Vermont College of Medicine

Double Red Blood Cell Donation Eligibility And Interest, Laura Anderson, Kovi Bessoff, Brandon Chapman, Angela Dunn, Michael Larochelle, Tessa Scripps, Jessica Wood, Christine Frenette, Carol Dembeck, Jan Carney, Mark K. Fung

Public Health Projects, 2008-present

Introduction: The process of double RBC donation by apheresis (DRBC), which facilitates the donation of two units of red blood cells (RBC) in a single donation session, was estimated to account for approximately 4% of blood donations in 2005, and is believed to be growing at a rate of 40% per year. Blood shortages in this country could be corrected by converting as few as 10% of current single unit whole blood donors to DRBC donors. Advantages of DRBC donation may include reduction in donor-related exposures in recipients, improved cost-effectiveness of the donation process, and improved convenience for donors. The ...


Assessing The Current State And Potential Needs Of The Community For Autism Spectrum Awareness In The Classroom, Megan Berube, Adam David, Shannon DeGroff, Sharif Nankoe, Kaitlin Petros, Steven Schaub, Scott Wasilko, Deb W. Lyons, Stephen Contompasis 2010 University of Vermont

Assessing The Current State And Potential Needs Of The Community For Autism Spectrum Awareness In The Classroom, Megan Berube, Adam David, Shannon Degroff, Sharif Nankoe, Kaitlin Petros, Steven Schaub, Scott Wasilko, Deb W. Lyons, Stephen Contompasis

Public Health Projects, 2008-present

Introduction: • Number of children with autism and related disorders has been growing in Vermont in the last ten years. • Puppets in Education, Inc (PiE) recently added a new program Friend 2 Friend Programs-Vermont (F2F), that will work with grades K?8 to educate students and teachers about autism spectrum disorders (ASD). • Goal is to promote understanding, acceptance, empathy and mutual friendships between children with ASD or other social communication disorders • Students from the University of Vermont College of Medicine partnered with PiE to evaluate the current needs of the community, determining what information would be most useful in the F2F ...


Assessing Barriers To Utilization Of Adult Day Care Centers In A Rural County, William Ares, Michael Hart, Derek Huang, Laurel Karian, Maria Michael, Auna Otts, Donna LaFromboise-Perretta, Jill Jemison 2010 University of Vermont

Assessing Barriers To Utilization Of Adult Day Care Centers In A Rural County, William Ares, Michael Hart, Derek Huang, Laurel Karian, Maria Michael, Auna Otts, Donna Lafromboise-Perretta, Jill Jemison

Public Health Projects, 2008-present

Introduction: Adult Day Care programs provide cognitively or functionally impaired adults with medical, social, and therapeutic services as well as offer valuable respite and education to family caregivers. The Visiting Nurse Association’s Adult Day program manages three centers that offer these services and are located in Colchester, Williston, and South Burlington. We have explored the underutilization of these centers by comparing variables such as demographics, services provided, referrals, transportation constraints, and satisfaction surveys between centers and to national success guidelines for adult day services.


Identifying Barriers To Care In The Burmese And Bhutanese Refugee Populations Of Burlington, Vermont, William Arscott, Brian Costello, Kathryn DiPalma, Alex Folkl, Megan Malgeri, Amanda Miller, Rebecca Purtell, Jon Bourgo, Rodger Kessler 2010 University of Vermont

Identifying Barriers To Care In The Burmese And Bhutanese Refugee Populations Of Burlington, Vermont, William Arscott, Brian Costello, Kathryn Dipalma, Alex Folkl, Megan Malgeri, Amanda Miller, Rebecca Purtell, Jon Bourgo, Rodger Kessler

Public Health Projects, 2008-present

Introduction: Many refugees who escape persecution in their own country have trouble navigating and accessing the American health care system. Language barriers often impair effective communication, while financial challenges can be prohibitive after the eight-month government insurance subsidy for new refugees expires. In addition many refugees do not understand the concept of chronic disease, which is a concern considering the overall rise in hypertension (HTN) and type-two diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the US population. Understanding how refugees access health care, and how well they understand chronic disease, is essential for organizations providing medical care for these populations. Little is known ...


Nutrition And Social Eating Habits Among Seniors Living Independently, Carl Cappelletti, Lindsay Corse, Aaron Kinney, Suleiman Lapalme, Nolan Sandygren, Danielle Scribner, Mariah Stump, Tom Delaney, Margaret Holmes, Molly Dugan, Patricia Berry 2010 University of Vermont

Nutrition And Social Eating Habits Among Seniors Living Independently, Carl Cappelletti, Lindsay Corse, Aaron Kinney, Suleiman Lapalme, Nolan Sandygren, Danielle Scribner, Mariah Stump, Tom Delaney, Margaret Holmes, Molly Dugan, Patricia Berry

Public Health Projects, 2008-present

Background: Older adults have unique nutritional needs due to physiologic changes that occur as part of the normal aging process. Maintaining adequate nutrition has the potential to reduce morbidity and mortality related to chronic disease, fall risk, dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. Aging also poses an increased risk of isolation and lack of social interaction, particularly noted at meal times. Unintentional weight loss is an independent risk factor for early mortality. Social eating is related to higher food intake, and meal programs can improve nutritional risk for vulnerable seniors. We partnered with the Cathedral Square Corporation (CSC) to assess nutrition ...


Assessing Health Concerns & Obstacles To Diesel Exposure Reduction In Vermont Diesel Vehicle Operators, Melissa Marotta, Renee Bratspis, Maria Furman, Brett Porter, Joseph Yared, William Timbers, Quillan Huang, Rebecca Ryan, Gerald S. Davis, Jan Carney 2010 University of Vermont College of Medicine

Assessing Health Concerns & Obstacles To Diesel Exposure Reduction In Vermont Diesel Vehicle Operators, Melissa Marotta, Renee Bratspis, Maria Furman, Brett Porter, Joseph Yared, William Timbers, Quillan Huang, Rebecca Ryan, Gerald S. Davis, Jan Carney

Public Health Projects, 2008-present

Background and Objectives: Diesel vehicle idling reduction is an important national environmental and legislative issue. Exposure to diesel exhaust is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, including: • Lung & esophageal cancer • Asthma • Cardiovascular disease • Neurotoxicity • Decreased sperm count & testosterone deficiency Drivers of diesel vehicles have specifically been shown to have increased incidence and death from lung cancer. Diesel engines emit a number of known hazardous chemicals, including carbon monoxide, nitric oxide, sulfur dioxide, benzene, formaldehyde, and acrolein, into the air supply. While public health efforts to reduce diesel idling in Vermont and elsewhere have identified employers’ significant financial incentives in fuel ...


Nutrition And Exercise Education Initiatives In A Community Setting, Andrew Erb, Patrick Huffer, Tri Luu, Elizabeth Mebrate, Alyse Rymer, Eleonore Werner, Eric Worthing, Hal Colston, Halle Sobel 2010 University of Vermont

Nutrition And Exercise Education Initiatives In A Community Setting, Andrew Erb, Patrick Huffer, Tri Luu, Elizabeth Mebrate, Alyse Rymer, Eleonore Werner, Eric Worthing, Hal Colston, Halle Sobel

Public Health Projects, 2008-present

Introduction: Maintaining a nutritious diet and physical activity is a challenge for many people,but especially for those with limited financial and social resources. Barriers to adequate exercise and healthy food include prohibitive costs of gym membership and high quality foods, lack of time during the day in which to exercise or prepare meals, and lack of access or transportation to exercise facilities or grocery stores. We assessed whether adoption of healthy exercise and eating habits could be established and sustained by educating participants on healthy diet guidelines and on non-traditional exercise forms. We encouraged family-centered activities such as walking ...


Emergency And Scheduled Respite Care For Caregivers Of Persons With Dementia: A Model, Piyush Gupta, Benjamin King, Katherine McBride, Damoon Rejaei, Jennifer Springer, Tyler Stewart, Diana Swett, William Pendlebury, Linda Martinez 2010 University of Vermont

Emergency And Scheduled Respite Care For Caregivers Of Persons With Dementia: A Model, Piyush Gupta, Benjamin King, Katherine Mcbride, Damoon Rejaei, Jennifer Springer, Tyler Stewart, Diana Swett, William Pendlebury, Linda Martinez

Public Health Projects, 2008-present

Background: As the population of elderly citizens in the U.S. continues to expand paralleled by an increase in the prevalence of dementia, the role of respite care within the healthcare system will increase in importance. Respite care is defined as providing the primary caregiver with relief, or a reprieve, from care commitments on a short-term or emergency basis. The need for caregiver respite is well-documented; has been shown to decrease emotional stress,burnout, anxiety and depression; and is considered vital to the overall well-being of the caregiver. While studies have shown that respite care is effective, there is an ...


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