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La Correlación Entre El Autoestima Y La Intención De Cambiar En Seis Ámbitos De La Vida De Un Fumador Adolescente., Aaron Picus 2010 SIT Study Abroad

La Correlación Entre El Autoestima Y La Intención De Cambiar En Seis Ámbitos De La Vida De Un Fumador Adolescente., Aaron Picus

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Background: According to a study in 2008 by the National Agency for the Control of Narcotics, 26.1% of Chilean adolescents between the ages of 12-18 had used tobacco at least once during the month of the study and 13% used tobacco daily. Even though smoking has negative health effects, many adolescents in Chile still smoke. Since the 1970s, low self-esteem has been proposed as a risk factor for the development of poor health behaviors. Recent investigations have shown that, when measured in the social, school, family, self-body image, sports and physical activity, and global realms of the life of ...


Chhs October Newsletter, College of Health and Human Services, VaShon S. Wells, editor 2010 Western Kentucky University

Chhs October Newsletter, College Of Health And Human Services, Vashon S. Wells, Editor

College of Health & Human Services Publications

No abstract provided.


The Accuracy Of Referral For Portable Lipid Analyzers In An Old Order Mennonite Population, Maria E. Main, M. Susan Jones, Cathy H. Abell 2010 Western Kentucky University

The Accuracy Of Referral For Portable Lipid Analyzers In An Old Order Mennonite Population, Maria E. Main, M. Susan Jones, Cathy H. Abell

Nursing Faculty Publications

The primary purposes of this study were to: 1) examine the accuracy for referral of two portable lipid analyzers (PLAs) in an old order Mennonite population through a comparison to a national standardized reference laboratory, 2) examine the relationship of total cholesterol values with other known cardiovascular risk factors, and 3) foster the continued participatory model of health care service in this community. The self-selected sample was composed of 42 adult members of an old order Mennonite community residing in south central Kentucky. A descriptive correlational design was used in this study. There were clinically relevant variations in the total ...


Bridging The Gap: Identifying Social Factors That Affect The Knowledge Of Sexually Transmitted Infections And Use Of Prevention Methods In Young Women, Ariel Spigel 2010 SIT Study Abroad

Bridging The Gap: Identifying Social Factors That Affect The Knowledge Of Sexually Transmitted Infections And Use Of Prevention Methods In Young Women, Ariel Spigel

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This study investigates the social factors that affect the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STIs) in young women, focusing on their knowledge of the subject and use of prevention methods in order to discover why STIs, though preventable, are still prevalent in the lives of young adults, and more often, young women. Sixty-one anonymous, closed questionnaires were distributed to female students of at least eighteen years at the Colegio Estadual Francisco da Conceição Menezes in Santo Antônio de Jesus, Bahia, Brazil, and six structured interviews were conducted with students from the same pool. Results showed varying levels of knowledge, educational ...


El Papel De La Educación Y Las Ong’S En Mejorar El Acceso A Derechos Para Inmigrantes: El Caso De Los Derechos Sexuales Y Reproductivos = The Role Of Education And Ngo’S In Helping Immigrants Obtain Better Access To Their Rights: The Specific Case Of Sexual And Reproductive Rights, Amy Torres 2010 SIT Study Abroad

El Papel De La Educación Y Las Ong’S En Mejorar El Acceso A Derechos Para Inmigrantes: El Caso De Los Derechos Sexuales Y Reproductivos = The Role Of Education And Ngo’S In Helping Immigrants Obtain Better Access To Their Rights: The Specific Case Of Sexual And Reproductive Rights, Amy Torres

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

In January of 2004, Argentina approved a new immigration law that guaranteed the protection of human rights for all immigrants in the country regardless of their legal status with the State. Among the rights explicitly guaranteed by this law were the right to migrate, the right to education and the right to health care. While this law represents a significant advance by the Argentine government in protecting the human rights of immigrants, oppressive mechanisms still remain in everyday practices that inhibit actual access to their rights.

Considering the changes in the law and the breach between the laws and everyday ...


La Medicina Alternativa En Oaxaca: Su Coexistencia Con La Medicina Alópata, Katie Deeg 2010 SIT Study Abroad

La Medicina Alternativa En Oaxaca: Su Coexistencia Con La Medicina Alópata, Katie Deeg

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

En este ensayo exploro la coexistencia entre la medicina alternativa y la alópata en Oaxaca y determino que, dada la relevancia cultural de la medicina alternativa y el estatus deficiente de la salud y servicios médicos en el estado, la promoción de la medicina alternativa es importante para ayudar a la gente a alcanzar la mejor calidad posible de salud. Primero presento una definición de la medicina alternativa dentro del contexto de Oaxaca y describo su presencia en Oaxaca. Considerando la naturaleza de la coexistencia entre la medicina alternativa y alópata, presento mis descubrimientos sobre la importancia de usar los ...


Crouching Tiger Hidden Goiter Belt: A Critique Of Health Care And Universal Salt Iodization In The Tsum Valley, Julian Goetz, Vanessa Soetanto 2010 SIT Study Abroad

Crouching Tiger Hidden Goiter Belt: A Critique Of Health Care And Universal Salt Iodization In The Tsum Valley, Julian Goetz, Vanessa Soetanto

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The Tsum Valley, opened to visitors in 2008, has only recently begun the process of modernization. The health of the population is still not stable with regards to nutrition, and the health care system is still inadequate due to geographic conditions of remoteness and difficulty of access. The health condition is further exacerbated by political interactions affecting iodine consumption. This paper presents original information collected via interviewing processes throughout the valley and in Kathmandu over the course of a four-week period. The results include the inadequacy of health care facilities in treating endemic health issues and of the failure of ...


Percepciones De Género En La Medicina Mapuche: Machi, Matriarca, Y Colonización, Krista Douglass 2010 SIT Study Abroad

Percepciones De Género En La Medicina Mapuche: Machi, Matriarca, Y Colonización, Krista Douglass

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Gender is a social ordering principle; a definition of masculinity and femininity according to an individual culture. While in Chile gender identity is often shaped by machismo, the Mapuche cosmovision is without gender disparities. Rather, relationships between men and women are governed by principles of equality and duality, just as the Mapuche deities balance both male and female energies. Women hold very important roles in the community as the leaders of the medical community. Although both men and women participate in various roles within this profession, machi, the spiritual healers, are mostly women. Males, or wentru machi, occupy a very ...


Communities And Health: The Case Of Inner-City Violence And Asthma, Andrea J. Apter 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Communities And Health: The Case Of Inner-City Violence And Asthma, Andrea J. Apter

Issue Briefs

The social forces that affect individual health are powerful and yet poorly understood. For example, the health burden of asthma is especially large for residents of low-income, inner-city neighborhoods. At the same time, many inner-city residents face health challenges associated with high levels of violence in their communities. Recent work has linked exposure to community violence with worsening asthma symptoms in children, but the link has not been studied in adults. This Issue Brief summarizes a new study that tracks adults with moderate to severe asthma and explores the association between exposure to community violence and subsequent asthma-related emergency department ...


The Influence Of Social Status On Token Women Leaders’ Expectations About Leading Male-Dominated Groups, Theodore McDonald, Loren Toussaint, Jennifer Schweiger 2010 Boise State University

The Influence Of Social Status On Token Women Leaders’ Expectations About Leading Male-Dominated Groups, Theodore Mcdonald, Loren Toussaint, Jennifer Schweiger

Tedd McDonald

Prior research has shown that women report mostly negative expectations about being a gender-token in male-dominated work groups. We speculate that this is partially caused by the socially-ascribed status devaluation of women. In the present study we investigated the degree to which elevated social status may lessen negative expectations of gender-token women assigned to leadership positions. Sixty-three undergraduate women participated in one of three tokenism conditions: 1) nontoken, 2) gender-token, and 3) high-status gender-token. In all conditions participants were led to believe that they would be leading a group of men in a decision-making exercise. Leader expectations were then assessed ...


Make Better Choices (Mbc): Study Design Of A Randomized Controlled Trial Testing Optimal Technology-Supported Change In Multiple Diet And Physical Activity Risk Behaviors, Bonnie J. Spring, Kristin L. Schneider, H. G. McFadden, Jocelyn Vaughn, Andrea T. Kozak, Malaina Smith, Arlen C. Moller, Leonard Epstein, Stephanie W. Russell, Andrew DeMott, Donald Hedeker 2010 Northwestern University

Make Better Choices (Mbc): Study Design Of A Randomized Controlled Trial Testing Optimal Technology-Supported Change In Multiple Diet And Physical Activity Risk Behaviors, Bonnie J. Spring, Kristin L. Schneider, H. G. Mcfadden, Jocelyn Vaughn, Andrea T. Kozak, Malaina Smith, Arlen C. Moller, Leonard Epstein, Stephanie W. Russell, Andrew Demott, Donald Hedeker

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Suboptimal diet and physical inactivity are prevalent, co-occurring chronic disease risk factors, yet little is known about how to maximize multiple risk behavior change. Make Better Choices, a randomized controlled trial, tests competing hypotheses about the optimal way to promote healthy change in four bundled risk behaviors: high saturated fat intake, low fruit and vegetable intake, low physical activity, and high sedentary leisure screen time. The study aim is to determine which combination of two behavior change goals--one dietary, one activity--yields greatest overall healthy lifestyle change.

METHODS/DESIGN: Adults (n = 200) with poor quality diet and sedentary lifestyle will ...


The Primary Care Safety Net: Strained, Transitioning, Critical, Jessamyn Taylor 2010 George Washington University

The Primary Care Safety Net: Strained, Transitioning, Critical, Jessamyn Taylor

National Health Policy Forum

This background paper examines the primary care safety net. It describes key primary care safety net providers, including federally qualified health centers, free clinics, local health departments, and safety net hospital outpatient departments and clinics, among others. The paper also explores the changing role of the primary care safety net in a post–health reform marketplace.


High Hopes: Public Health Approaches To Reducing The Need For Health Care, Michele J. Orza 2010 George Washington University

High Hopes: Public Health Approaches To Reducing The Need For Health Care, Michele J. Orza

National Health Policy Forum

Driven in part by a desire to contain health care costs, policymakers are looking beyond medical care for opportunities to reduce the need for expensive services. This paper briefly reviews current public health concepts and strategies for improving health that emphasize nonmedical factors such as behavior, socioeconomic status, and environment. It also provides examples of how these concepts and strategies undergird many of the public health provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, other legislation, and several programs and initiatives. These concepts include prevention, health in all policies, global health, the One Health Initiative, and climate change and ...


Multi-Disciplinary Experts Supporting Graduate Medical Education Through Participation In Complete Chart Rounds, Len L. Levin, Suzanne B. Cashman, Heather-Lyn Haley, Marie Caggiano, Konstantinos Deligiannidis, Judith M. Nordberg, Stacy E. Potts, Warren J. Ferguson 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Multi-Disciplinary Experts Supporting Graduate Medical Education Through Participation In Complete Chart Rounds, Len L. Levin, Suzanne B. Cashman, Heather-Lyn Haley, Marie Caggiano, Konstantinos Deligiannidis, Judith M. Nordberg, Stacy E. Potts, Warren J. Ferguson

Library Publications and Presentations

Learning Objective: As a result of this presentation, attendees will learn skills that they can use to implement collaborative graduate medical education learning experiences using a community of multi-disciplinary professionals within their own institutions.

Background: Inter-professional Chart Rounds were implemented to provide residents an opportunity to review and present patient cases utilizing “COMPLETE” guidelines developed by residency leadership as the result of a “Regional Medicine – Public Health Education Centers” grant. COMPLETE guidelines explicitly direct residents to include consideration of:

- Context – Culture of context – who is the patient?
- Outside Visitors/Resources – incorporate visitors/experts such as librarians, pharmacists and psychologists and ...


The Health Of Latinos In Massachusetts: A Snapshot, Dharma Cortés, Rodolfo R. Vega 2010 University of Massachusetts Boston

The Health Of Latinos In Massachusetts: A Snapshot, Dharma Cortés, Rodolfo R. Vega

Gastón Institute Publications

People’s health outcomes are shaped in part by non-biological factors. Most immediately, limited access to health care services can have a deleterious impact on individuals’ health outcomes (Andrulis, 1998). In turn, access to healthcare services is influenced by socioeconomic factors such as whether a person has health insurance or the financial means to pay for their health care. Familiarity with the health care system is another important factor that may influence an individual’s access to healthcare services (Morgan et al., 2008). Language also plays an important role in health outcomes. For instance, individuals with limited English proficiency may ...


Rural Idaho Family Physicians’ Scope Of Practice, Ed Baker, David Schmitz, Ted Epperly, Ayaka Nukui, Carissa Moffat Miller 2010 Boise State University

Rural Idaho Family Physicians’ Scope Of Practice, Ed Baker, David Schmitz, Ted Epperly, Ayaka Nukui, Carissa Moffat Miller

Edward T. Baker

Context: Scope of practice is an important factor in both training and recruiting rural family physicians.

Purpose: To assess rural Idaho family physicians’ scope of practice and to examine variations in scope of practice across variables such as gender, age and employment status.

Methods: A survey instrument was developed based on a literature review and was validated by physician educators, practicing family physicians and executives at the state hospital association. This survey was mailed to rural family physicians practicing in Idaho counties with populations of less than 50,000. Descriptive, bivariate and multivariate analyses were employed to describe and compare ...


Particle Size On Respiratory Protection Provided By Two Types Of N95 Respirators On Agricultural Settings, Jacob Cho Kyungmin, M. Susan Jones, Gordon Jones, Roy McKay, Sergey A. Grinshpun, Alok Swivedi, Rakesh Shukla, Umesh Singh, Tiina Reponen 2010 University of Cincinnati - Main Campus

Particle Size On Respiratory Protection Provided By Two Types Of N95 Respirators On Agricultural Settings, Jacob Cho Kyungmin, M. Susan Jones, Gordon Jones, Roy Mckay, Sergey A. Grinshpun, Alok Swivedi, Rakesh Shukla, Umesh Singh, Tiina Reponen

Nursing Faculty Publications

The objective of this study was to compare size-selective workplace protection factors (WPFs) of an N95 elastomeric respirator (ER) and an N95 filtering facepiece respirator (FFR) in agricultural environments. Twenty-five healthy farm workers ranging in age from 20 to 30 years voluntarily participated in the study. Altogether eight farms were included representing three different types: two horse farms, three pig barns, and three grain handling sites. Subjects wore the ER and FFR while performing their daily activities, such as spreading hay, feeding livestock, and shoveling. Aerosol concentrations in an optical particle size range of 0.7–10 µm were determined ...


Rural America: A Look Beyond The Images, John A. Gale MS 2010 University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service, Maine Rural Health Research Center

Rural America: A Look Beyond The Images, John A. Gale Ms

Access / Insurance

The issues faced by patients and providers in rural health care differ greatly from those of urban counterparts. They also differ across rural communities. Understanding these differences, and the differences among rural populations across America, is critical to providing health services to rural Americans, who are often impeded by economic factors, cultural and social differences, educational shortcomings and isolation in their efforts to lead normal, healthy lives. The challenges provide opportunities for Catholic health care to make a difference in the lives and health of some of the nation's most vulnerable citizens.


Community-Based Approaches To Reduce Toxins In Housing: Lessons Learned From Working With Diverse Communities, Erin McNally, Ian Blazina, Stephanie Farquhar 2010 Portland State University

Community-Based Approaches To Reduce Toxins In Housing: Lessons Learned From Working With Diverse Communities, Erin Mcnally, Ian Blazina, Stephanie Farquhar

Community Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

This article will review lessons learned from a community-based participatory research project with Latino and Somali residents in Portland, Oregon. The aim of the Healthy Futures Collaborative (HFC) project was to reduce in-home environmental health hazards associated with childhood respiratory illness and asthma through a process that strengthened social support and civic engagement. Using a community-based approach, the HFC trained community residents as community scientists to ensure local leadership and participation. Results suggest an increase in Somali and Latino residents' knowledge of environmental stressors and changes in behavior that may improve indoor environmental quality. Especially when working with historically marginalized ...


Perfil Dos Acidentes De Trabalho No Brasil, 2004-2007 / Analysis Of Labor Accidents In Brazil, 2004 - 2007, Everton Fernando Alves 2010 Universidade Estadual de Maringá

Perfil Dos Acidentes De Trabalho No Brasil, 2004-2007 / Analysis Of Labor Accidents In Brazil, 2004 - 2007, Everton Fernando Alves

Everton Fernando Alves

Neste estudo sintetizam-se achados epidemiológicos de morbi- mortalidade decorrentes de acidentes de trabalho napopulação brasileira. O objetivo do estudo é descrever o perfil dos acidentes de trabalho no Brasil entre 2004 e 2007. Trata-se de um estudo descritivoexploratório utilizando como fonte de dados a estatística anual de acidentes do trabalho da Previdên- cia Social. Foram notificados 465.700 mil acidentesem 2004 e 653.090 em 2007, mostrando uma tendência ascendente nos acidentes com trabalhado- res formais no Brasil. Evidenciou-se que o estado de residência com maior acidentabilidade foi Santa Catarina com uma média de 577,3 acidentes para cada 100 ...


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