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Psychological Phenomena and Processes Commons

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Vulnerability And Physical Well-Being Of Caregivers: What Relationship?, Salvatore Settineri, Fabio Frisone, Angela Alibrandi, Emanuele Maria Merlo 2019 Department of Biomedical and Dental sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, University of Messina, Italy

Vulnerability And Physical Well-Being Of Caregivers: What Relationship?, Salvatore Settineri, Fabio Frisone, Angela Alibrandi, Emanuele Maria Merlo

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Objectives. To assess relationships among burden, compassion, and well-being and health among an active group of caregivers.

Methods. 301 caregivers with female prevalence (F = 61.1%, M = 38.9%) and ages between 18 and 84 years old (average = 38.72; SD 13.36) participated. Evaluation was carried using standardized instruments to assess: Burdens (CBI), dimensions related to Compassion and Burnout (ProQOL-5), State of Well-being (Who-5) and particular health-related domains (Emotional state, Physical health, Depressive Polarity, Dysphoric Polarity-SF-36). Correlational analyses and multivariate linear regressions were performed.

Results. Positive correlations emerged between Burdens and Compassion Fatigue, Well-being and Satisfaction; inverse correlations emerged ...


The Protective Nature Of Religiosity Against Suicidal Ideation In African-Americans, Hannah Sylvester 2019 Carroll College

The Protective Nature Of Religiosity Against Suicidal Ideation In African-Americans, Hannah Sylvester

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

This systematic review was conducted to examine if religiosity has a protective role against suicidal ideation (SI) in African-Americans. Articles from PUBMED involving religiosity, SI, and African-Americans were sorted and analyzed. These articles were screened on exclusion and inclusion criteria, yielding 11 articles. Higher religiosity was strongly correlated with lower instances of SI in the African-American population. In 10 of the 11 analyzed articles, religiosity was protective against SI. In seven of these, the effect was statistically significant. Intrinsic religiosity was shown to be more protective than extrinsic. In African-Americans, religiosity was strongly correlated with lower SI. The strength of ...


Slippage: An Interrogation Of Memory And Myth Through Movement, Laura Malpass 2019 University of Colorado Boulder

Slippage: An Interrogation Of Memory And Myth Through Movement, Laura Malpass

Theatre and Dance Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Memory and myths help us locate ourselves. They are the stories we tell ourselves to make sense of the world, to create reality, and to foster resilience. The myths passed down through generations create a sense of family, of tribe, and of belonging. Memory is the mythology we tell ourselves time and again to mine inner truths - the home we create to locate ourselves in the wider world. What happens when these memories morph and fade, when shifting neural pathways reshape the inner landscapes of our physicality? As we forget, what do we remember? How does losing your history create ...


Critical Embodied Praxis For Social Justice And Peace Educators: A Story Of Personal Transformation Through Analysis Of My Jewish And Settler Identities, Cara Michelle Silverberg 2019 SIT Graduate Institute

Critical Embodied Praxis For Social Justice And Peace Educators: A Story Of Personal Transformation Through Analysis Of My Jewish And Settler Identities, Cara Michelle Silverberg

Capstone Collection

In this paper, I examine definitions of and relationships between violence, oppression, peace, liberation, and embodiment in the context of critical pedagogy in order to construct a theory of critical embodied praxis for social justice and peace educators. Considering the body to be a tangible vessel through which narratives and mechanisms of violence are expressed and maintained, I explore the potential of the body to be a vessel through which liberatory narratives may be generated and shared. After constructing a theory of critical embodied praxis, I illustrate this framework in action through a personal narrative that explores the intersections of ...


Meeting Point: Partner Dancing As Couple's Therapy, Rami Eckhaus 2019 Lesley University

Meeting Point: Partner Dancing As Couple's Therapy, Rami Eckhaus

Expressive Therapies Dissertations

This dissertation research explored the experience of partner dancing as a therapeutic process that reflects upon the dynamics and interactions of couples who are in the process of couple's therapy. The research also aimed to gain insight on the ways in which the experience of partner dancing can support these couples' therapeutic processes. Partner dancing is a dance-form that is based on the interaction between two individuals. Such interaction requires the dancing couples to communicate on many levels that may uncover layers of their relational dynamics. In this research, five couples who were undergoing couple's therapy were asked ...


Systematic Literature Review Of Quetiapine For The Treatment Of Psychosis In Patients With Parkinsonism, Jack J. Chen, Henry Hua, Lilian Massihi, Ivan Portillo, Azita Alipour, William Ondo, Khashayar Dashtipour 2019 American University of Health Sciences

Systematic Literature Review Of Quetiapine For The Treatment Of Psychosis In Patients With Parkinsonism, Jack J. Chen, Henry Hua, Lilian Massihi, Ivan Portillo, Azita Alipour, William Ondo, Khashayar Dashtipour

Library Articles and Research

Objective:

The purpose of this article was to determine the efficacy and tolerability of quetiapine compared with placebo or other interventions for psychosis in parkinsonism.

Methods:

Participants with a diagnosis of parkinsonism participated in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the efficacy and tolerability of quetiapine for psychotic symptoms within a defined follow-up period. The authors conducted searches on PubMed, Cochrane Controlled Register of Trials, and EMBASE for articles published from January 1991 to October 2017. Study methodology and patient- and treatment-level data were independently extracted and summarized by using descriptive statistics. Studies underwent quality assessment for risk of bias.

Results ...


An Investigation Of Stimulants: Reviewing Their Effects On The Brain, Including Memory And Microglia, Michael Douchey 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

An Investigation Of Stimulants: Reviewing Their Effects On The Brain, Including Memory And Microglia, Michael Douchey

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Stimulants are a class of drugs that have a variety of effects on the brain, including changes in receptor activity in the brain areas responsible for- memory, attention, emotion, motor control, and the reward pathway. Stimulants may be generally classified by their availability. For example, prescription stimulants, which include drugs such as methylphenidate (Concerta™, Ritalin™) and mixed amphetamine salts (Adderall™), must be prescribed by medical professionals. Another regulated stimulant, albeit one available without a prescription, is nicotine; a highly addictive chemical that is age-restricted by the U.S. federal government. Nicotine is found in tobacco products, and in tobacco-free alternatives ...


How To Build A Human Brain: Evolution, Development, And Education, Aaron P. Blaisdell 2019 University of California, Los Angeles

How To Build A Human Brain: Evolution, Development, And Education, Aaron P. Blaisdell

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


No Woman Is An Island -- Access To Care And Extreme Measures For Cancer Pain And Lymphedema: A Case Report, Lauren M. Hall, Julia Reilly, Mathew J. Most, Jennifer Baima 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

No Woman Is An Island -- Access To Care And Extreme Measures For Cancer Pain And Lymphedema: A Case Report, Lauren M. Hall, Julia Reilly, Mathew J. Most, Jennifer Baima

Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation Publications and Presentations

Background: Cancer rehabilitation is a rapidly growing diverse field in physiatry. This case provides an example where rehabilitation physiatrists played a crucial role in the pain management, education, and rehabilitation before and after a palliative amputation. Due to her limited resources, both in her home country and in her local community, she could not access appropriate care that may have prevented the need for amputation. Though amputation is not generally accepted as the first line of treatment for pain, there have been several reports of palliative amputation in metastatic cancer patients. In particular, fore quarter amputations have been reported in ...


Relation Of Depression Symptoms To Sustained Reward And Loss Sensitivity, Michael P. Berry, Ema Tanovic, Jutta Joormann, Charles A. Sanislow 2019 Massachusetts General Hospital

Relation Of Depression Symptoms To Sustained Reward And Loss Sensitivity, Michael P. Berry, Ema Tanovic, Jutta Joormann, Charles A. Sanislow

Charles A. Sanislow, Ph.D.

Depression is characterized by altered sensitivity to rewards, with recent evidence suggesting that the ability to sustain responses to rewards across long experimental tasks is diminished. Most work on sustained reward responsiveness has taken a cat- egorical approach and focused on major depressive disorder. However, impairments in reward sensitivity are also found at lower levels of symptom severity and may be relevant for understanding basic mechanisms linking reward processing abnormali- ties to depression. The current study took a dimensional approach to examine the relation between depression symptoms and sustained reward responsiveness by examining how early neural responses to rewards and ...


Cancer Blog Narratives: The Experience Of Under-Fifty Women With Breast Cancer During Different Times After Diagnosis, Maria Luisa Martino, Anna Gargiulo, Daniela Lemmo, Giorgia Margherita 2019 Federico II University, Naples

Cancer Blog Narratives: The Experience Of Under-Fifty Women With Breast Cancer During Different Times After Diagnosis, Maria Luisa Martino, Anna Gargiulo, Daniela Lemmo, Giorgia Margherita

The Qualitative Report

The recent literature shows an increase of breast cancer in women under 50, however still few are the studies which analyse the impact of the disease in this specific target age. This study aims at exploring the most prevalent topics in Italian cancer blogs of women who have received a breast cancer diagnosis before the age of 50, in order to understand their experience of illness and the characteristics of women’s narrations at different times after diagnosis (1 year, 2 years, 3 years). We collected the textual corpus of 4 Italian breast cancer blogs and performed a thematic analysis ...


Evaluation Of A New Trauma-Related Drinking To Cope Measure: Latent Structure And Heritability, Sage E. Hawn, Steven H. Aggen, Danielle Dick, Ananda B. Amstadter PhD 2019 Virginia Commonwealth University

Evaluation Of A New Trauma-Related Drinking To Cope Measure: Latent Structure And Heritability, Sage E. Hawn, Steven H. Aggen, Danielle Dick, Ananda B. Amstadter Phd

Graduate Research Posters

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) commonly co-occur, share latent genetic risk, and are associated with many negative public health outcomes. Via a self-medication framework, trauma-related drinking to cope (TRD), an unexplored phenotype to date, may help explain why these two disorders co-occur, thus serving as an essential target for treatment and prevention efforts. This study sought to create a novel measure of TRD and to investigate its indirect influences on the association between PTSD and AUD, as well as its potential shared molecular genetic risk with PTSD in a genetically-informative study of college students. A sample ...


The Effect Of Perceived Level Of Social Support On The Fear Of Falling, Kali A. Todd 2019 Georgia Southern University

The Effect Of Perceived Level Of Social Support On The Fear Of Falling, Kali A. Todd

University Honors Program Theses

Background: Perhaps the most prevalent cause of anxiety among the elderly is the fear of falling (FOF), considering that a fall can lead to serious complications and the decline of health. Kumar et al. found that subjects with a FOF usually have less social support. Therefore, increased social support could possibly decrease the FOF, thus decreasing the likelihood of a fall overall. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the amount of perceived social support one receives and the FOF among people ages 60 and up. Methods: In order to measure FOF and social support among ...


Change In Relationship Satisfaction Among Veterans In Couple Therapy, Grace Boyers McKee 2019 Southern Methodist University

Change In Relationship Satisfaction Among Veterans In Couple Therapy, Grace Boyers Mckee

Psychology Theses and Dissertations

Approximately two-thirds of Americans will live with a romantic partner at some point in their lives, and 75% of individuals marry by age 30. Unfortunately, relationship dissatisfaction is a common occurrence, with as many as one-third of couples reporting relationship distress. Although many forms of couple therapy are effective for improving relationship satisfaction and reduces the risk of divorce among distressed couples, no one form of couple therapy has clearly been established as superior. Moreover, relatively little is known about how and why couple therapy has its effects. Improved understanding of what change may occur, as well as common trajectories ...


Risk Domains And Adolescent Depression, Nathan Kawczynski 2019 University of North Florida

Risk Domains And Adolescent Depression, Nathan Kawczynski

UNF Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Adolescence and young adulthood are the periods of development associated with the highest amount of risk-taking. One theory, the Dual-Systems model, suggests that this could be due to an imbalance in the maturation of two brain systems: reward appraisal, which matures first, and cognitive control, which matures later. This imbalance may be the cause of adolescents’ tendency to favor immediate rewards, disregarding consequences. Depressed adolescents, however, behave differently. While it is not exactly clear whether they take more risks or fewer risks, depressed adolescents display different interactions and decision making with their peers than non-depressed adolescents. This study attempted to ...


Burnout And Resilience Among Pediatric Residents In Stockholm, Sweden: Findings From A Mixed-Methods Study, Lauren Poull, Sanaz Skyttner-Rahmani, Andrea P. Anderson, Weston T. Powell, Jiaqi Yin, Carolyn C. Foster, Maneesh Batra 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital

Burnout And Resilience Among Pediatric Residents In Stockholm, Sweden: Findings From A Mixed-Methods Study, Lauren Poull, Sanaz Skyttner-Rahmani, Andrea P. Anderson, Weston T. Powell, Jiaqi Yin, Carolyn C. Foster, Maneesh Batra

Posters

Objective

 To measure the prevalence of burnout among pediatric residents at Karolinska University Hospital (KUH).
 To describe the local drivers of burnout and the protective factors that lead to resilience and workplace engagement.

Conclusions

 Prevalence of burnout among Swedish pediatric residents in this study was 39%, which is lower than reported in the US (50-60%).
 Drivers of burnout were identified across all four domains. They included local features of the learning environment, and many are modifiable.
 Protective factors include perceived control over scheduling, better mental and physical health, lower perceived stress, and being a parent.
 Future work will evaluate interventions ...


An Investigation Of Neurological Soft Signs As A Discriminating Factor Between Veterans With Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, And Co-Occurring Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, David J. Rothman 2019 Virginia Commonwealth University

An Investigation Of Neurological Soft Signs As A Discriminating Factor Between Veterans With Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, And Co-Occurring Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder And Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, David J. Rothman

Theses and Dissertations

While multiple Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation New Dawn veterans suffer from mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI), Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and co-morbid mTBI and PTSD, there remains difficulty disentangling the specific symptoms associated with each disorder using self-report and neurocognitive assessments. We propose that neurological soft signs (NSS), which are tasks associated with general neurologic compromise, may prove useful in this regard. Based on our review of the literature we hypothesized that individuals with PTSD would present with a greater number of NSS than controls or individuals with mTBI. Further, we hypothesized a synergistic effect, such that ...


Brain Neurotransmitters, Cognitive Control, And Resting Heart Rate Variability (Rhrv) In The Mri Environment, Max Povejsil 2019 University of Colorado, Boulder

Brain Neurotransmitters, Cognitive Control, And Resting Heart Rate Variability (Rhrv) In The Mri Environment, Max Povejsil

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Determining reliable measures that show how the brain can regulate the body and its physiological states could offer insight into how mental health and wellbeing is related to physiology and self-regulation. This study investigates how heart rate variability (HRV) at rest (rHRV), a measure of autonomic nervous system activity according to several studies (Thayer 2009, Colzato 2017, Shaffer & Ginsberg, 2017), relates to neurotransmitter levels in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), cognitive control over emotional material, and individual traits involved in psychopathology. Resting heart rate (HR) measures were taken via pulse rate measurements in an MRI scanner, and processed into rHRV. Prior ...


The Art Of Fortune-Taking, Allison Weintraub 2018 Craig Newmark Graduate School of Journalism

The Art Of Fortune-Taking, Allison Weintraub

Capstones

People suffering grief or emotional distress turn to many places for comfort, which can make them a target of psychic scam artists. Stigma about falling for scams might prevent victims from seeking help. https://medium.com/@allison.weintraub/the-art-of-fortune-taking-5cdedb6718d0


Values Vs. Self-Interest As Determinants Of Attitudes: Through A Construal Level Theory Lens, (Sometimes) Self-Interest Wins, Austin D. Eubanks 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Values Vs. Self-Interest As Determinants Of Attitudes: Through A Construal Level Theory Lens, (Sometimes) Self-Interest Wins, Austin D. Eubanks

Theses and Dissertations

The present study (n = 335) attempted to conceptually replicate Hunt, Kim, Borgida, and Chaiken (2010) with a high-powered design to investigate whether values and self-interest differentially impact attitudes depending on psychological distance. Participants were assigned to complete a task that made self- or other-focused values more accessible, then indicated their attitudes about a student fee increase at a university to fund scholarships the participants would not be eligible to receive (thus going against their own financial self-interest for the well being of someone else). The memo describing the fee increase was manipulated such that the increase would be occurring at ...


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