Integrating Mindfulness Training In School Health Education To Promote Healthy Behaviors In Adolescents: Feasibility And Preliminary Effects On Exercise And Dietary Habits, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Susan Druker, Christine F. Frisard, Shira I. Dunsiger, Sybil L. Crawford, Florence Meleo-Meyer, Beth Bock, Lori Pbert
Open Access Articles
Whether mindfulness training (MT) could improve healthy behaviors is unknown. This study sought to determine feasibility and acceptability of integrating MT into school-based health education (primary outcomes) and to explore its possible effects on healthy behaviors (exploratory outcomes). Two high schools in Massachusetts (2014-2015) were randomized to health education plus MT (HE-MT) (one session/week for 8weeks) or to health education plus attention control (HE-AC). Dietary habits (24-h dietary recalls) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA/7-day recalls) were assessed at baseline, end of treatment (EOT), and 6months thereafter. Quantile regression and linear mixed models were used, respectively, to estimate effects ...
Concussion Competencies: A Framework For School-Based Concussion Management (Flyer), 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Concussion Competencies: A Framework For School-Based Concussion Management (Flyer), Arthur C. Maerlender, Jonathan Lichtenstein, Jennifer Parent-Nichols
Center for Brain, Biology and Behavior: Papers & Publications
This volume grew out of many years of clinical practice, research, and program projects. It is the culmination of more than 50 years of work with kids, brains, and schools. While there is research behind the Competencies and the underlying content, the intent was to create a user-friendly manual that cut across levels of responsibility and care. Concussion Competencies was not intended to be a textbook in the traditional manner; however, the Competencies have been shown to be a useful approach to teaching this material.
This volume is organized around a set of Competencies that have been shown to be ...
Daily Rhythmicity Of Behavior Of Nine Species Of South American Feral Felids In Captivity, 2018 Universidad Nacional del Litoral
Daily Rhythmicity Of Behavior Of Nine Species Of South American Feral Felids In Captivity, Sciabarrasi Bagilet Antonio, Raúl Delmar Cerutti, María Cristina Scaglione, Giuseppe Piccione, Roberto Refinetti
The authors analyzed the daily activity rhythms of the domestic cat and of eight of the ten feral felid species that are indigenous to South America. All species showed daily rhythmicity of activity in captivity under a natural light-dark cycle. The robustness of the rhythmicity varied from species to species, but the grand mean of 34% was within the range of robustness previously described for mammalian species ranging in size from mice to cattle. There was not a sharp division between diurnal and nocturnal felids. Instead, what was found was a gradient of diurnality going from the predominantly nocturnal margay ...
A Computational Assessment Of Target Engagement In The Treatment Of Auditory Hallucinations With Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation, Won Hee Lee, Nigel I. Kennedy, Marom Bikson, Sophia Frangou
Publications and Research
We use auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) to illustrate the challenges in defining and assessing target engagement in the context of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for psychiatric disorders. We defined the target network as the cluster of regions of interest (ROIs) that are consistently implicated in AVH based on the conjunction of multimodal meta-analytic neuroimaging data. These were prescribed in the New York Head (a population derived model) and head models of four single individuals. We appraised two potential measures of target engagement, tDCS-induced peak electric field strength and tDCS-modulated volume defined as the percentage of the volume of the ...
Systems And Psychosocial Advances Research Center 2017 Annual Report To The Massachusetts Department Of Mental Health, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Systems And Psychosocial Advances Research Center 2017 Annual Report To The Massachusetts Department Of Mental Health, Systems And Psychosocial Advances Research Center
Systems and Psychosocial Advances Research Center Publications and Presentations
Annual report for fiscal year 2017 from the Systems and Psychosocial Advances Research Center (SPARC).
We are grateful to the Massachusetts Department of Mental Health (DMH) for its continued support of the University of Massachusetts Medical School’s (UMMS) DMH Research Center of Excellence, the Systems and Psychosocial Advances Research Center (SPARC). We continue to leverage the DMH investment to support innovative, recovery-oriented, state-of-the-art psychosocial and systems research.
The Systems and Psychosocial Advances Research Center conducts research to enhance services, improve the quality of life, and promote recovery for people with behavioral health conditions. Our research involves, informs, and advises ...
Validation Of An Algorithm-Based Definition Of Treatment Resistance In Patients With Schizophrenia., 2018 King's College London
Validation Of An Algorithm-Based Definition Of Treatment Resistance In Patients With Schizophrenia., Olesya Ajnakina, Henriette Thisted Horsdal, John Lally, James H Maccabe, Robin M Murray, Christiane Gasse, Theresa Wimberley
Large-scale pharmacoepidemiological research on treatment resistance relies on accurate identification of people with treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS) based on data that are retrievable from administrative registers. This is usually approached by operationalising clinical treatment guidelines by using prescription and hospital admission information. We examined the accuracy of an algorithm-based definition of TRS based on clozapine prescription and/or meeting algorithm-based eligibility criteria for clozapine against a gold standard definition using case notes. We additionally validated a definition entirely based on clozapine prescription. 139 schizophrenia patients aged 18-65years were followed for a mean of 5years after first presentation to psychiatric services in ...
To Do Or Not To Do: Dopamine, Affordability And The Economics Of Opportunity, 2018 CUNY Queens College
To Do Or Not To Do: Dopamine, Affordability And The Economics Of Opportunity, Jeff A. Beeler, Devry Mourra
Publications and Research
Five years ago, we introduced the thrift hypothesis of dopamine (DA), suggesting that the primary role of DA in adaptive behavior is regulating behavioral energy expenditure to match the prevailing economic conditions of the environment. Here we elaborate that hypothesis with several new ideas. First, we introduce the concept of affordability, suggesting that costs must necessarily be evaluated with respect to the availability of resources to the organism, which computes a value not only for the potential reward opportunity, but also the value of resources expended. Placing both costs and benefits within the context of the larger economy in which ...
Maternal Mental Health Priorities, Help-Seeking Behaviors, And Resources In Post-Conflict Settings: A Qualitative Study In Eastern Uganda., 2018 George Washington University
Maternal Mental Health Priorities, Help-Seeking Behaviors, And Resources In Post-Conflict Settings: A Qualitative Study In Eastern Uganda., Wietse A Tol, Breeona Ebrecht, Rebecca Aiyo, Sarah M Murray, Amanda J Nguyen, Brandon A Kohrt, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Stephen Alderman, Seggane Musisi, Juliet Nakku
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Faculty Publications
BACKGROUND: Limited knowledge exists to inform the selection and introduction of locally relevant, feasible, and effective mental health interventions in diverse socio-cultural contexts and health systems. We examined stakeholders' perspectives on mental health-related priorities, help-seeking behaviors, and existing resources to guide the development of a maternal mental health component for integration into non-specialized care in Soroti, eastern Uganda.
METHODS: We employed rapid ethnographic methods (free listing and ranking; semi-structured interviews; key informant interviews and pile sorting) with community health workers (n = 24), primary health workers (n = 26), perinatal women (n = 24), traditional and religious healers (n = 10), and mental health ...
Religiosity Prevalence And Its Association With Depression And Anxiety Symptoms Among Hispanic/Latino Adults, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Religiosity Prevalence And Its Association With Depression And Anxiety Symptoms Among Hispanic/Latino Adults, Shir Lerman, Molly Jung, Elva M. Arredondo, Janice M. Barnhart, Jianwen Cai, Sheila F. Castaneda, Martha L. Daviglus, Rebeca A. Espinoza, Aida L. Giachello, Kristine M. Molina, Krista Perreira, Hugo Salgado, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Robert C. Kaplan
Open Access Articles
OBJECTIVES: Religion plays an important role in the lives of people in the United States. We examined the prevalence of religiosity among Hispanic/Latinos in four regions of the United States and looked at its correlation to depression and anxiety symptoms.
DESIGN: The population-based Hispanic Community Health Study/ Study of Latinos enrolled a cohort of Hispanic/Latino adults (N = 16,415) ages 18-74 in four US cities from June 2008 to June 2011. Participants with complete data on religiosity (i.e., religious affiliation, frequency of attending religious activities and importance of religion), depression (assessed with the CESD-10), and trait anxiety ...
Economic And Health Predictors Of National Postpartum Depression Prevalence: A Systematic Review, Meta-Analysis And Meta-Regression Of 308 Studies From 56 Countries, Jennifer Hahn-Holbrook, Taylor Cornwell-Hinrichs, Itzel Anaya
Psychology Faculty Articles and Research
Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) poses a major global public health challenge. PPD is the most common complication associated with childbirth and exerts harmful effects on children. Although hundreds of PPD studies have been published, we lack accurate global or national PPD prevalence estimates and have no clear account of why PPD appears to vary so dramatically between nations. Accordingly, we conducted a meta-analysis to estimate the global and national prevalence of PPD and a meta-regression to identify economic, health, social, or policy factors associated with national PPD prevalence.
Methods: We conducted a systematic review of all papers reporting PPD prevalence ...
Psychosocial Correlates Of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms And Well-Being Among Hispanic World Trade Center Rescue And Recovery Workers, 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Psychosocial Correlates Of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms And Well-Being Among Hispanic World Trade Center Rescue And Recovery Workers, Dianne Ciro
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
Thousands of first responders are estimated to have endured extremely distressing experiences during their recovery efforts at the 9/11 World Trade Center (WTC) site. While the effects of 9/11 continue to be studied, few studies have examined how rescue and recovery workers have been coping since 9/11 and how their coping is associated with their psychological well-being. Moreover, we do not know how distinct coping patterns may be associated with post-traumatic growth, experiences of positive emotion, or quality of life among WTC responders.
This study compared coping differences among Hispanic, Non-Hispanic White, and Non-Hispanic Black first responders ...
Chronic Voluntaryoral Methamphetamine Induces Deficits Inspatiallearningand Hippocampal Proteinkinase Mzeta Withenhanced Astrogliosis And Cyclooxygenase-2 Levels, Jorge A. Avila, Roseanna M. Zanca, Denis Shor, Nicholas Paleologos, Amber A. Alliger, Maria E. Figueiredo-Pereira, Peter A. Serrano
Publications and Research
Methamphetamine (MA) is an addictive drug with neurotoxic effects on the brain producing cognitive impairment and increasing the risk for neurodegenerative disease. Research has focused largely on examining the neurochemical and behavioral deficits induced by injecting relatively high doses of MA [30 mg/kg of body weight (bw)] identifying the upper limits of MA-induced neurotoxicity. Accordingly, we have developed an appetitive mouse model of voluntary oral MA administration (VOMA) based on the consumption of a palatable sweetened oatmeal mash containing a known amount of MA. This VOMA model is useful for determining the lower limits necessary to produce neurotoxicity in ...
Help-Seeking On Facebook Versus More Traditional Sources Of Help: Cross-Sectional Survey Of Military Veterans, 2018 Portland State University
Help-Seeking On Facebook Versus More Traditional Sources Of Help: Cross-Sectional Survey Of Military Veterans, Alan R. Teo, Heather E. Marsh, Samuel B.L. Liebow, Jason I. Chen, Christopher W. Forsberg, Christina Nicolaidis, Somnath Saha, Steven K. Dobscha
Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations
Background: The media has devoted significant attention to anecdotes of individuals who post messages on Facebook prior to suicide. However, it is unclear to what extent social media is perceived as a source of help or how it compares to other sources of potential support for mental health problems.
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the degree to which military veterans with depression use social media for help-seeking in comparison to other more traditional sources of help.
Methods: Cross-sectional self-report survey of 270 adult military veterans with probable major depression. Help-seeking intentions were measured with a modified General Help-Seeking Questionnaire ...
Memory In Memoir & Biography: Science, Place, And Agency, 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Memory In Memoir & Biography: Science, Place, And Agency, Johnathan E. Longo
All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects
This thesis explores modern scientific understanding of memory in humans and how it affects works of life writing. Scientific research shows that memory is unreliable and often misunderstood by the general public, and this has implications for different forms of life writing. This paper uses biographies, memoirs, and hybrid forms of life writing to explore how memory, with all its limitations, is used in service of a life story. How do writers of these sub-genres use memory and why are those strategies different from one another? Questions of agency and authority over written and spoken material make the issues still ...
Similar Neural Responses Predict Friendship, 2018 University of California, Los Angeles
Similar Neural Responses Predict Friendship, Carolyn Parkinson, Adam M. Kleinbaum, Thalia Wheatley
Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles
Human social networks are overwhelmingly homophilous: individuals tend to befriend others who are similar to them in terms of a range of physical attributes (e.g., age, gender). Do similarities among friends reflect deeper similarities in how we perceive, interpret, and respond to the world? To test whether friendship, and more generally, social network proximity, is associated with increased similarity of real-time mental responding, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to scan subjects’ brains during free viewing of naturalistic movies. Here we show evidence for neural homophily: neural responses when viewing audiovisual movies are exceptionally similar among friends, and that ...
A Multi-Functional View Of Moral Disengagement: Exploring The Effects Of Learning The Consequences, 2018 CUNY Bernard M Baruch College
A Multi-Functional View Of Moral Disengagement: Exploring The Effects Of Learning The Consequences, C. Justice Tillman, Katerina Gonzalez, Marilyn V. Whitman, Wayne S. Crawford, Anthony C. Hood
Publications and Research
This paper takes us beyond the unethical act and explores the use of moral disengagement as a multi-stage, multi-functional regulatory, and coping mechanism that not only allows individuals to engage in unethical behavior, but also manage the negative emotions (i.e., guilt and shame) from learning the consequences of such behavior. A resource-based lens is applied to the moral disengagement process, suggesting that individuals not only morally disengage prior to committing an unethical act in order to conserve their own resources, but also morally disengage as a coping mechanism to reduce emotional duress upon learning of the consequences of their ...
Individualized Treatment And Understanding The Non-Pharmacologic Components That Are Part Of Recovery, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Individualized Treatment And Understanding The Non-Pharmacologic Components That Are Part Of Recovery, Gerardo Gonzalez Md, Lindsey Silva Rn, Msn, Susan Halpin
National Network of Libraries of Medicine New England Region (NNLM NER) Repository
Learn about the non-pharmacologic components of recovery. When developing individualized treatment plans, what factors are considered? The Medical Director and the Director of Quality and Compliance for Washburn House, a new treatment facility in Worcester, Massachusetts, will share their stories of starting a new treatment facility, and the challenges of putting evidence-based practices into practical use.
Learning Objectives: Individualized Treatment and Understanding the non-pharmacologic Components that are Part of Recovery
- Understand the rationale and treatment options for managed withdrawal of a patient with opioid use disorder
- Understand the rationale and treatment options for Medication Assisted Treatment in a patient with ...
What Are The Physical And Psychological Health Effects Of Suicide Bereavement On Family Members? An Observational And Interview Mixed-Methods Study In Ireland, Ailbhe Spillane, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Celine Larkin, Paul Corcoran, Ella Arensman
Open Access Articles
OBJECTIVES: Research focussing on the impact of suicide bereavement on family members' physical and psychological health is scarce. The aim of this study was to examine how family members have been physically and psychologically affected following suicide bereavement. A secondary objective of the study was to describe the needs of family members bereaved by suicide.
DESIGN: A mixed-methods study was conducted, using qualitative semistructured interviews and additional quantitative self-report measures of depression, anxiety and stress (DASS-21).
SETTING: Consecutive suicide cases and next-of-kin were identified by examining coroner's records in Cork City and County, Ireland from October 2014 to May ...
Precocious Development Of Self-Awareness In Dolphins, 2018 CUNY Graduate Center
Precocious Development Of Self-Awareness In Dolphins, Rachel Morrison, Diana Reiss
Publications and Research
Mirror-self recognition (MSR) is a behavioral indicator of self-awareness in young children and only a few other species, including the great apes, dolphins, elephants and magpies. The emergence of self-awareness in children typically occurs during the second year and has been correlated with sensorimotor development and growing social and self-awareness. Comparative studies of MSR in chimpanzees report that the onset of this ability occurs between 2 years 4 months and 3 years 9 months of age. Studies of wild and captive bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) have reported precocious sensorimotor and social awareness during the first weeks of life, but no ...
Investigating Prosodic Accommodation In Clinical Interviews With Depressed Patients, 2018 Dublin Institute of Technology, Dublin, Ireland
Investigating Prosodic Accommodation In Clinical Interviews With Depressed Patients, Brian Vaughan, Carolina De Pasquale, Lorna Wilson, Charlie Cullen, Brian Lawlor
Six in-depth clinical interviews, involving six elderly female patients (aged 60+) and one female psychiatrist, were recorded and analysed for a number of prosodic accommodation variables.
Our analysis focused on pitch, speaking time, and vowel-space ratio. Findings indicate that there is a dynamic manifestation of prosodic accommodation over the course of the interactions. There is clear adaptation on the part of the psychiatrist, even going so far as to have a reduced vowel-space ratio, mirroring a reduced vowel-space ratio in the depressed patients. Previous research has found a reduced vowel-space ratio to be associated with psychological distress; however, we suggest ...